CHAPTER 10 POWER AND ENERGY

[Power and energy are critical to the socio-economic development of the country as well as to the enhancement of living standard. According to the provisional estimates released by BBS, in FY 2011-12, the contribution of power sector to GDP was 1.45 percent at constant price while the contribution from Natural Gas and Crude Petroleum ’ and Coal and other Mineral resources together was estimated at 1.26 percent. Both the sectors posted growth rates of 15.96 percent and 6.25 percent respectively in FY 2011-12. There is a huge demand for power, oil, gas ,and other mineral resources in various sectors of the economy including agriculture, industry, transport and communication. As the total demand for power is on the increase, the Government has given top priority to the development of power sector. A policy has been formulated to encourage private sector to generate electricity under public-private partnership (PPP), rental power producer (RPP), and independent power plant (IPP) arrangements. Side by side, the demand for petroleum products, gas and other energy products are also increasing day by day. Achieving the avowed goal of transforming Bangladesh into a middle income country according to Vision 2021 declared by the Government is closely linked to meeting the escalating demands for power and energy. The Government has, therefore, charted out short, medium and long term plans for the development power and energy sectors. Besides this, it has also given top priority to augment investment in these sectors.]

Power Sector Planned and appropriate use of power is one of the pre-conditions for economic development of Bangladesh. There is a huge demand for electricity in our day-to-day life as well as in various sectors of the economy. The total power produced in the country is not enough to ensure adequate access to electricity. As of now, only 53 percent of the total population has access to electricity. Per capita electricity generation is only 272 kwh, which is very low compared to that of other developing countries. In order to improve this situation, the Government has given the highest priority to power sector development and is committed to make electricity available to all by 2021. Several programmes have already been taken up to implement short, medium and long term plans for the balanced development of power sector to scale up electricity generation. There is a plan to connect new power plants with the capacity of 16,000 MW from both public and private sectors during the period from 2012 to 2016 by using natural gas based power plants and also by using liquid petroleum, coal, duel fuel, renewable energy for scaling up electricity generation under various programmes. It is to be noted that in the Election Manifesto of the present Government, a target was set to generate 5,000 MW by 2011 which has already been 144

achieved. In order to realise the goals set out in the election manifesto, the Government has planned to generate additional 15,000 MW electricity by 2016 under short, medium and longterm plans and is committed to make electricity available to all by 2021. Up to June 2012, a total of 8,725 circuit kilometres of transmission lines and about 281,123 kilometres of distribution lines with necessary infrastructure have been constructed. To transmit power from the new power plants around 3,500 circuit kilometres of transmission lines and 60,000 kilometres of distribution lines will require to be constructed by 2015. Generation Capacity and Demand In FY 2010-11, the total installed generation capacity stood at 8,100 MW, of which the share of public sector (including REB) was 4,329 MW and that of private sector was 3,771 MW. In FY 2011-12, it was 8,625 MW of which the capacity of public sector stood at 4,915 MW while that of private sector was 3,710 MW. In the public sector, a good number of generation plants have become very old and have been operating at a much-reduced capacity. Besides, meeting the real power demand by these plants is constrained by shortage of gas supply. As of 22 March 2012, maximum actual generation stood at 6,066 MW. The installed capacity by fuel type and the capacity shared by public sectors as of June 2011 are shown in the following graphs. Chart 10.1 (a)
Installed Capacity (derated) as on June, 2012
Diesel 6.31% Coal 2.47%

Chart 10.1 (b)

Furnace Oil, 21.63%

Hydro 2.72% Natural Gas 66.88%

Total Installed Capacity (derated): 8100 MW

Ref: BPDB

Power Generation During FY 2011-12, a total of 35,118 million-kilowatt hour (MkWh) net energy (14,673 MkWh in public sector and 16,682 MkWh in private sector including SPP under REB) was generated. Of the total generation, the public sector power plants generated 53 percent while private sector 145

generated 47 percent. The share of gas, hydro, coal and oil based energy generation was 79.15 percent, 2.21 percent, 2.52 percent and 16.12 percent respectively. On the other hand, in FY 2010-11, 31,355 million-kilowatt hour (MkWh) net energy was generated i.e. energy growth in FY 2012 was 12 percent Net energy generation by fuel type is shown in the Charts below: Chart 10.2 (a) Chart 10.2 (b)

Ref: BPDB

The natural gas consumption in BPDB power plants was 107 billion cubic feet in 1995-96 which increased to 151 billion cubic feet in FY 2011-12. The consumption of natural gas and liquid fuel since FY 1995-96 are shown in Table-10.1 below: Table 10.1: Fuel Consumption by BPDB Power Plants

Fiscal Year 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07

Natural Gas (Billion cft) 107 107 120 137 141 151 152 131 134 141 154 146

Coal (1000 Ton) 190 510 146

Liquid Fuel (million liter) Furnace Oil HSD, SKO & LDO 63 167.97 104 2534 904 267 44 204 114 92 95 77 85 55 128 62 174 95 186 130 171 125 93 99

147 .63 -2.67 6.47 11.46 4.Fiscal Year 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Natural Gas (Billion cft) 151 161 167 150 151 Coal (1000 Ton) 450 470 480 410 450 Liquid Fuel (million liter) Furnace Oil HSD.77 10.2: Installed Capacity and Maximum Generation Fiscal Year Installed capacity (derated) MW 2105 2148 2320 2850 2665 3033 3218 3428 3592 3721 3782 3718 4130 5166 5271 6639 8100 Maximum generation MW 2087 2114 2136 2449 2665 3033 3218 3458 3622 3751 3812 3718 4130 4162 4606 4890 6066 percent of change with previous year 1.17 24. It is to be noted that the maximum generation was 2087 MW in FY 1995-1996 which increased to 6066 MW in FY 2011-12. Particularly there has been a significant increase in FY 2011-12.05 1995-1996 1996-1997 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Source: Bangladesh power Development Board.04 14.08 0.81 6. SKO & LDO 137 111 90 113 10 125 119 138 183 60 Maximum Generation Maximum peak demand could not be met for the last few years due to shortage of available generation capacity and increasing demand though the installed generation capacity increased.10 7.29 1.2 below: Table – 10.74 3.82 13.65 8. The installed capacity and the maximum generation since FY 1995-1996 are shown in Table-10.56 1.

04. 02. 06. 03. medium and long term generation. short. 2012 November. 2012 May. 07. 2014 148 . 01.Power Generation Programme The Government prepared its Power System Master Plan in 2010 (PSMP 2010). Name of the Power Plant No. a total of 15. 09.000 MW and 39. Raujan Santahar 50 MW Peaking Power Plant Katakhali 50 MW Peaking Power Plant Sirajganj 150 MW GT Khulna 150 MW GT Haripur 360 MW CCPP GT Haripur 360 MW CCPP ST Ashugonj 225 CCPP: SC GT Unit Ashugonj 225 CCPP: ST Unit Ashuganj (South) 450 MW CCPP Siddirganj 450 MW CCPP: SC GT Unit Siddirganj 450 MW CCPP : ST Unit Sub-Total (Public) Capacity (MW) 25 50 50 150 150 273 139 150 75 450 200 135 1847 Owner RPCL BPDB BPDB NWPGC NWPGC EGCB EGCB APSCL APSCL APSCL EGCB EGCB Expected Commissioning Date October. The present status of the existing generation programmes are shown in Table-10. 08. 20. 2013 Feb.2014 Dec. To meet the demand with reliability.3 Power Generation Projects up to 2016 (A) Under Construction Public Sector Sl. According to the existing generation expansion programme. 05. To meet this demand.000 and 36. the maximum demand in 2015. 2014 Feb. According to PSMP-2010.3 below: Table-10. distribution and transmission plans are at the various stages of implementation. 2021 and 2030 will be 12.000 MW of new generation will be added to the national grid between FY 2010 -2016. 10.000.000 MW respectively. 2013 July2013 June2014 March2015 Dec. installed capacity need to be enhanced to 24. 11. 2012 November.000 MW by the year 2021 and 2030 respectively. 2012 October. 12.

Name of the Power Plant Capacity Owner (MW) 50 95 52. 14. 18.5 115 145 222 222 73 283 283 119 IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP Expected Commissioning Date May2013 June2013 June2013 July2013 Aug2013 Oct2013 Oct 2013 Oct2013 Dec2013 Dec2013 Dec2013 July2014 Aug2014 March 2015 March 2015 June2015 June2015 June2015 Jan2016 Chittagong (Mohora) 50 MW Power Plant Jamalpur Peaking Munshigonj. 03. 15. 10.Private Sector Sl. (Basila) 108 MW Power Plant Dhaka (Gabtoli) 108 MW Power Plant Narayangonj (Gogonnagar)100 MW PP Meghnaghat 300-450 MW CCPP (2nd Unit) Duel Fuel: SC GT Unit Khulna Peaking Bosila. 06. 13. 11. (Kathpotti) 50 MW Power Plant Chittagong (Patenga)100 MW Power Plant Keranigonj. 02. 12. 19. 17. 07. 16. 04. 05. 08. Keranigonj Comilla (Homna ) 50 MW Power Plant Meghnaghat 300-450 MW CCPP (2nd Unit) : ST Unit Bhola 150-225 MW CCPP (2nd unit):SC GT Unit Bibiana 300-450 MW CCPP (1st Unit): SC GT Unit Bibiana 300-450 MW CCPP (2nd Unit): SC GT Unit Bhola 150-225 MW CCPP (2nd unit): ST Unit Chittagong 150-300 MW Coal Fired Power Project Khulna 150-300 MW Coal Fired Power Project Bibiana 300-450 MW CCPP (1st Unit): ST Unit 149 .5 108 108 108 102 220 100 108 52. No. 09. 01.

10. 01. 05. Name of the Power Plant Capacity Owner (MW) 119 522 3207 5054 IPP IPP Expected Commissioning Date Jan2016 Feb2016 Bibiana 300-450 MW CCPP (2nd Unit): ST Unit Maowa. 20. Munshiganj 300-650 MW Coal Project Sub-Total (Private) Total (Under Construction) (A) (B) Under Process Public Sector Sl. 150 100 75 50 35 75 300 131 150 200 200 150 March2014 May2014 May2014 Aug2014 Aug2014 Aug2014 Sept2014 Sept2014 Sept2014 Dec2014 Dec2014 June2015 . 13. 11. 03. 08. 02. No. 07. 12.Sl. BPDB BPDB BPDB BPDB NWZPG C BPDB BPDB BPDB BPDB BPDB BPDB Expected Commissioning Date Aug2013 Nov2013 Feb2014 04. Regional Power Ashugonj 20010 percent MW Modular Power Plant Ashugonj 20010 percent MW Modular Power Plant Kodda. 09. 15. 14. Gazipur 150 MW Power Plant Chapai Nababganj Sylhet 150 MW Power Plant Conversion Bagabari 100 MW Power Plant Conversion Shahajibazar 70 MW Power Plant Conversion Sirajgonj150 MW Power Plant Conversion Bibiana #3 CCPP: SC GT Unit Bhola 225 MW CCPP: SC GT Unit Shikalbaha 150-225 MW CCPP: SC GT Unit Shajibazar CCPP : SC GT Unit Ghorasal 300-450 MW CCPP: SC GT Unit Bibiana #3 CCPP: ST Unit 150 Capacit y (MW) 500 175 20 Owner IPP IPP IPP BPDBRPCL Powerge n Ltd. 06. 21. Name of the Power Plant No.

17. 14. 19. 22.Sl. 18. Kishorgonj 50 MW PP Satkhira 50 MW PP Keraniganj 150 MW PP Fenchuganj 100-150 MW CCPP Tangail 20 MW Narayangonj 50 MW Sirajganj 300-450 MW CCPP: SC GT Unit LNG Based 200-850 MW CCPP: SC GT Unit Sirajganj 300-450 MW CCPP:ST Unit 151 Capacity (MW) 108 51 50 50 50 149 50 50 150 163 20 50 249 150 118 Owner IPP IPP IPP (REB) IPP (REB) IPP (REB) IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP (REB) IPP (REB) IPP IPP IPP Expected Commissioning Date Oct2013 Oct2013 Dec2013 Dec2013 Dec2013 March2014 March2014 March2014 March2014 June. 07. No. 11. 20. 01. 02. Narsingdi 100 MW PP Ashugonj 50 MW PP Nababgonj 50 MW PP Munshigonj 50 MW PP Manikganj 50 MW PP Kaliakoir Peaking Plant. 06. 2014 June2014 June2014 Jan2015 March2015 Oct2015 . 10. Name of the Power Plant No. 13. 12. Name of the Power Plant Capacit y (MW) 360 75 74 100 100 250 450 3720 Owner Expected Commissioning Date June2015 June2015 Aug2015 Oct2015 Oct2015 Jan2016 Jan2016 Bheramara 360 MW CCPP Shikalbaha 225 MW CCPP: ST Unit Bhola 225 MW CCPP: ST Unit Shajibazar CCPP: ST Unit Ghorasal 300-450 MW CCPP : ST Unit Barapukuria 250-300 MW (3rd Unit) Ashugonj (North) CCPP Sub-Total (Public) NWPG C BPDB BPDB BPDB BPDB BPDB APSCL Private Sector Sl. 04. Ghorashal. 16. 09. 08. Gazipur Bhairab. 15. 03. 21. 05.

Kaptai Solar 04. 19.5 5 7 100 120 11.607 Owner LNG Based 200-850 MW CCPP: ST Unit Khulna 1300 MW Large Coal Sub-Total(Private) Total (Under Process)(B) Gross Total (A+B) IPP PPP (Joint Vent.14 percent to WZPDC and 25.Sl.32 percent to DESCO. Out of this. Name of the Power Plant No. Sale of Electricity by BPDB The bulk electricity sales by BPDB stood at 21.36 percent was sold to DPDC. In FY 1995-96. 01.897 in FY 2009-10. Hybrid 03.35.) / IPP Expected Commissioning Date March2016 June. 6.4kV lines. Name of the Power Plant Capacity (MW) 75 1300 2833 6553 11.59. 38.304 km in FY 2010-11 as some distisbution lines have been handed over to REB and WZPDCL.962 km. which decreased to about 33. the total distisbution lines in the BPDB system was 35. Shalla Sunamgonj Hatia Solar Wind Diesel 02. The bulk sale of electricity is shown in the chart below: 152 . 16. No. 17. 10.4 7.96 percent to REB.311 in FY 2010-11 from 21. The number of consumers has also increased to 23.162 MkWh in FY 2011-12. Solar 05. Wind Total (C) Total (A+B+C) Source: Power Division Capacity (MW) 0. 2016 (C) Solar & wind Power Projects Sl.18 percent to various zones of BPDB'. 11kV and 0.727 Owner BPDB BPDB BPDB IPP (BPDB) IPP (BPDB) Expected Commissioning Date 2013 2013 Sept2014 Jan2015 March2015 Power Distribution The distribution system comprises of 33kV.

34 percent 23.371 MkWh implying a distribution loss of 13. DPDC DESCO REB WZPDCL REB 36.83 percent 16.04 percent 17.75 percent in FY 2011-12 from 25. the distribution zones of BPDB imported a total of 7.56 percent 14. The system loss (distribution) came down to 12. reforms and target-oriented measures are underway to reduce the system loss.91% DPDC 20.4 Distribution System Loss of BPDB FY Distribution 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Source : Power Division.33 percent 13.26 percent 153 .19% DESCO 10.Chart 10. there is no alternative to bringing down the system loss to an acceptable limit.07 percent System Loss System loss is one of the key performance indicators of the distribution entities.64 percent 20.92 percent 21.627 MkWh In FY 2010-11.83% Bulk Energy Sale: 28.75 percent 12. 25.329 MkWh of electricity and sold 6.3: Bulk Sale of Electricity FY 2011 WZPDCL 6.34 percent in FY 2000-01. Various measures like continuous performance monitoring of the utilities. 25.49 percent 12. The table below shows year wise distribution system loss of BPDB: Table –10.26 percent 15.44% BPDB Dist. To achieve desirable performance and viability of the sector.63% BPDB Dist.53 percent 16.

74 7.22 2.22 equivalent months in FY 2011-12.76 2.83 2.32 7. The table below shows year wise accounts receivable: Table – 10.12 3.44 2.13 6.32 equivalent months in FY 2000-01 to 2.5: Accounts receivable of BPDB Accounts Receivable (Equivalent Months) 8.Accounts Receivables Accounts receivables turns out to be a major problem to BPDB. Arrears in the power sector has been reduced from 8.40 2.45 2.21 FY 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Source: Power Division 154 .45 4.

Power Grid Company of Bangladesh (PGCB) was created in 1996 to look after the transmission system. and development of generation. some of which have already been implemented. Considering the increasing demand of electricity and its importance in agriculture and industry. DESA has been functioning as Dhaka Power Distribution Company (DPDC) since July 2008. the Bangladesh Power Development Board will be converted into a holding 155 .  The Rural Electrification Board (REB) was established in October 1977 for ensuring access to electricity of the the rural population of the country .  West Zone Power Distribution Company Ltd. transmission and distribution facilities of electricity throughout the country.Reforms and Efficiency Enhancement Measures In order to achieve its overarching goal of providing electricity to all by 2021. company. the Government has undertaken a number of reform measures. The WAPDA was divided into two parts namely Bangladesh Power Development Board and Bangladesh Water Development Board by the Presidential Order 59 (PO-59) of 31st May 1972. As a result. The implementation status till date is briefly as follows:  The Electricity Directorate was established in 1948 in order to plan and improve power supply situation of the country. the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) was created to ensure rapid development of electricity system in 1959.  Dhaka Electric Supply Authority (DESA) was created in 1990 for the proper management of electrification in Dhaka city and its adjoining districts. Under the ongoing reforms. maintenance. DESCO started functioning since 1996 after taking over part of the distribution network of DESA.  Under the Companies Act 1994. Bangladesh Power Development Board was entrusted with the responsibilities of operation. (WZPDCL) was created in 2002 to look after the distribution system of Barisal and Khulna Zones.

It was created in 1996 as a solely Government owned company with an authorised capital of Tk. EGCB is now executing 2x120 MW Peaking Power Plant.450 MVA. Transmission System Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Ltd. 156 .501 MVA capacity development in existing grid subcentres. The total area of transmission system was been transferred to PGCB in 2002. It has also started construction of 360 MW CCPP Power Plant at Haripur and the procurement process of 450 MW CCPP at Siddirganj is going on. Besides. in 8 subcentres. the total length of 230 kV and 132 kV lines stood at 838 ckt km and 4..316. As many as seven 230/132 kV and thirteen 132/33 kV sub centres were set up with the capacity of 2. Power generated in different power plants all over the country is transmitted to the national grid through 230 kV and 132 kV transmission lines.10 billion under the Power Sector Reform Programme of the Government. South Zone Power Distribution Company ( SZPDCL) was created in 2008 to look after the power distribution system of Chittagong and Comilla zone.755 ckt km respectively. BPDB is in the process of identifying Strategic Profit Centre (SPC) for its generation and distribution sectors as a new reform initiative.      Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh (EGCB) was created as a generation company in 2004.925 and 1. (PGCB) PGCB was created to enhance efficiency and to establish accountability. NWPGCL has started the procurement process 360 MW of CCPP Power Plant at Bheramara. North-East Zone Power Distribution Company ( NEZPDCL) is going to be set up by converting the distribution system of Mymensing and Sylhet region. Through various interevtions to upgrade the transmission lines.34 kilometres. North West Power Generation Company (NWPGCL) was created in 2008. 450 Megaver Capacitor Bank (132kV) was established along with the 2. It has started the construction work of 150 MW Peaking Power Plant at Khulna and another 150 MW Peaking Power Plant at Sirajganj. maintenance and development of transmission system all over Bangladesh. All distribution units have been brought under the computerised billing system. the length of 230kV and 132 kV transmission lines now stands at 1.30 kilometres and 1. In 1996 when PGCB was created. It is responsible for operation.809.

. Future Development Plan The Government has already undertaken a massive plan to strengthen the transmission system and fulfill the future demand of electricity with a view to providing electricity to all by 2020. Box 10.2 Projects under considerartion SI No. Power Division. Turn in and out of existing Ghorasal-Haripur 230 kV Line at Rampura.1 : Power Transmission System Expansion Activities of PGCB In order to improve the whole power transmission system.13 to 2014-15). Kulaura. Aminbazar-Savar 132 kV Transmission Line Naogaon-Niamatpur 132 kV Transmission Line Ashuganj-Shahjibazar 230 kV Single Circuit Transmission Line Source : PGCB. with interconnecting 157 . (2011-12 to 2013-14). RPCL Mymensingh-Tangail double circuit transmission 132/33 kV substations Sunamganj.Natore 132 kV Single Circuit Transmission Line (PGCB’s own fund). As per suggestion of the meeting DPP was reviewed and sent to Power Division. 2012. via Ghatail 132 kV line and four new (Sherpur. Brahmanbaria-Nabinagar-Narsingidi 132 kV Double Circuit Transmission Line. Construction of Joidevpur-Kabirpur-Tangail 132 kV Transmission Line Installation of second east-west electric Transformer (Asugonj-Jamuna Bridge-sirajgonj 230 kV Transmission Line) Ishurdi-Vagabari-Sirajgonj-Bogra 230 kV Transmission Line National load Despatch Centre(NLDC) project Three Transmission Line (132 kV) Construction project Rajshahi. Khulna. (Sep. Name of the Project (Implementation Period) Present Status (Upto June. Route survey is underway. Pre-DPP sent to Planning Commission from Power Division. various steps have been undertaken for expansion of power transmission. PGCB has successfully completed the following components of different projects for expansion of power transmission system :              Comilla-Meghnaghat-Haripur 230 kV Transmission Line.3 below lists the projects that are under active consideration as included in the Prioritised Investment Plan of the Government: Box 10.Box 10. DPP prepared and sent to Power Division on 09/11/2010.and Bogra-Barapukuria 230 kV double circuit Transmission Line. Sylhet (South)) line. Project evaluation meeting held on 23/02/2011. 2011) 2. 1. Hasnabad-Aminbazar (Savar)-Tongi and Haripur-Meghnaghat 230 kV Transmission Line.

Anowara . WB is funding the feasibility study. Goalpara-Bagerhat 132 kV 2nd Single Circuit Transmission line. Pre-DPP approved in principle. RFP for the feasibility study issued to six short listed firms on 25th Aug 2011. 8. Enhencement of Capacity of existing Grid Substations and Transmission Line (Phase-I). (2012-13 to 2014-15). 6. started functioning since July 1.SI No. 2008 with the assets and liabilities of DESA with a view to ensuring better customer services. Pre-DPP approved in principle. Financing is awaited PCP prepared and will be submitted to PGCB board for approval. Proposed for JICA funding. (2011-12 to 2014-15).215. Pre-DPP submitted. Pre-DPP approved in principle 27/09/2010.Meghnaghat 400 kV Transmission line (NG4). Bheramara and Sripur. Power Division. Sent to ERD for exploring funding sources on 09-092010 . 3. 2011) DPP prepared and sent to Power Division on 12/12/2010. DPDC has already taken various steps to improve and upgrade the electricity distribution system under its jurisdiction.35. 5. Project evaluation meeting held on 23/02/2011.372 within the jurisdiction of DPDC and it increased to 80. The following table shows year-wise status of the number of customers and maximum demand: 158 . The maximum system demand was 1. Sent to ERD for exploring funding sources on 13-102010. Aminbazar-Maowa -Mongla 400 kV & Mongla Khulna(S) 230 kV Transmission line. Number of Customers and Maximum Demand The number of customers in FY 2010-11 stood 7.WB is funding the feasibility study. Financing is awaited. DPP submitted to Power Division on 25 August. Jhenaidah (Or Jessore).6357 in FY 2011-12. accountability and dependable power supply to the consumers. (2011-12 to 2012-13). on 4.43 MW in FY 2011-12. (2011-12 to 2013-14). RFP for feasibility study issued to six short listed firms on 25th Aug 2011. Source : PGCB. Present Status (Upto June. Dhaka Power Distribution Company Limited (DPDC) Dhaka Power Distribution Company Limited (DPDC) .66 MW in FY 2010-11 which rose to 1280. Chandraghona-Rangamati-Khagrachari 132 kV Transmission Line.11. (2012-13 to 2014-15). 10.04. 7. Ishurdi-Rajshahi 230 kV Transmission Line. (NG3) (2011-12 to 2014-15). 9. 2011. Name of the Project (Implementation Period) National Power Transmission Network development project (2012-13 to 2014-15). Construction of 230/132 kV Substations at Shyampur.a newly created government owned power distribution company. Pre-DPP submitted. (2012-13 to 2014-15). Pre-DPP prepared and sent to Power Division on 24.

Ltd.00 billion. medium and long. In the subsequent years’ successful operation and performance. as many as 11. In FY 2011-12.017 employees including officers attended the training programmes. Dhaka Electric Supply Co. For better customer service. distribution of clearance certificate of electricity bill etc.73 1114.6: Year wise number of customers and maximum demand FY 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Source: DPDC. 5. Number of Customers 610383 655908 700799 737997 737468 806357 Maximum Demand (In MW) 1008. Purbachal Model Town. DPDC has taken an initiative to install solar panel in all substations and KPIs.22 1137.87 percent. DPDC has taken up short. a Rajuk project.66 1280.43 Reform Activities and Good Governance From the very beginning. 2007.65 1169. customer service according to the citizen’s charter. the company started to improve its position in accountability and transparency. For the improvement and development of infrastructure and better customer service.161 and a demand load of 90 MW. DPDC customer service improved and the sytem loss reduced to 9.Table-10. DPDC arranged training programmes for employees under power sector capacity development programme (PSCDP).90 1215. (DESCO) was created as a distribution company in 1996 under the Companies Act 1994 with an authorised capital of Tk.term plans to implement the Power Sector Road Map. has 159 . Recently. (DESCO) As part of on-going Power Sector Reforms by way of unbundling the power sector and increasing efficiency in the area of generation. Following ‘Zero Tolerance’ principle enforced strictly against corruption. Electronic surveillance program is under the process of implementation in all KPIs also. The operational activities of DESCO at the field level commenced in 1998 with the taking over of the electricity distribution system of Mirpur area from Dhaka Electric Supply Authority (DESA) having a consumer strength of 71. As a result. To improve efficiency. Under renewable energy program. the operational area of DESCO was expanded by inclusion of Gulshan Circle in April. DPDC has taken some excellent steps for its customers such as payment of electricity bill through mobile phone. load shedding schedule over internet. situated on the east side of the Balu River and adjacent to Dakshinkhan area. transmission and distribution. 2003 and Tongi Pourashava Area in March. Dhaka Electric Supply Company Ltd. the company undertook different measures to enhance its customerservice and to make the company profitable.

35 4938 2011-12 7 25 980/1372 715 82.80 184.25 317.55 km 11 kV overhead lines and 360. As of 30th June. the total consumer strength stands at 4.00 317.8 294.7: Technical Operations of DESCO Sl N o 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Description 1 33/11kV Sub-stations (No.80 204.86 350. In FY. Commercial Operations The import and sale of energy stood at 3.29 km respectively in FY 2011-12.49. Expansion of 33kV underground lines has been continuing.5 km Low Tension (LT) lines installed in FY 2010-11 have been expanded to 1774.20 860. Table 10.12 1671. 160 .54 km 11 kV underground lines were installed in FY 2010-11 which stood at 1084.401. Highlights of Technical and Commercial Operations Technical Operations Maximum demand for electricity in the operational area of DESCO was 640 MW in FY 2010-11 while in FY 2011-12. the underground lines (33kV) installed was 249.717.124 MKHw respectively.88 4814 Source : DESCO.80 182.40 314.84 959. 1.37 1017.29 1774.88 1044.111.746 and 2848.122.80 215. DESCO distributed as many as 4938 transformers in FY 2010-11 while in FY 2011-12 it stood at 5.88 km in the previous year (2010-11).61 1084.) Capacity of 33/11kV Sub-stations (MVA) Maximum Demand (MW) 33kV Overhead Line (KM) 33kV Underground Line (KM) 11kV Overhead Line (KM) 11kV Underground Line (KM) LT Line(KM) Distribution Transformer(No. the volume rose to 3.39 4563 622 82.10 1591.04.54 1717.372 MVA in FY 2011-12 while it was 880/1232 MVA in FY 2010-11.49.) 2006-07 2 19 680/952 451 82. the number of consumers of DESCO were 4. it stood at 715 MW.20 884. 2010-11 and FY 2011-12.61 km which was 215. During this period.729 respectively.063 and 5.55 360.also been included under the operational area of DESCO. the number of consumers also increased.585 MKHw and 3. 1044. It may be mentioned that.10 1521 4497 2008-09 4 2009-10 2010-11 6 22 880/1232 640 82.05 km and 390.80 182.05 390.7 shows the Technical Operations of DESCO during FY 2006-2007 to 2011-12: Table 10. Similarly.063 with a maximum load demand of 640 MW. In FY 2011-12.227.35 1473.381 MKHw in FY 2010-11 while in FY 2011-12. the installed capacity of 33/11 kV sub-station of DESCO was 980/1.25 4316 2007-08 3 21 760/1064 505 82.73 5227 5 21 22 760/1064 770/1078 545 82. On the other hand.73 km in FY 2011-12. 2011.

1. 1 Energy Import 3401.54 percent which was 8.) Collection Ratio ( percent) C.76 6151.65 12270.10 385037 2474. 15.96 90. a total of Tk. a total of Tk. I.19 10.30 100.Miscellaneous Bill Collection.54 8.53 2933.51 9888.79 9708.29 2742.79 percent in FY 2010-11. 16.) Energy Sales 3111.124 02 (MKWh) (MTk.13 90.2270.094.) rose to 98.72 7845. Necessary steps have been taken by DESCO to reduce the overall system loss. 1.18 8.86 10774. Citizen’s Charter has also been 161 .03 9094.Monthly Bill Collection.85 98.631 12400.2400.585 01 (MKWh) (MTk.54 percent.Personal Management. Store Management.8 : Commercial Operations of DESCO: Sl Description No.84 98.96 percent.20 8.79 15859. In FY 2011-12.DESCO Website and e-mail Communication.859.30 9.00 7219.83 2 3 4 5 6 7 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 20-2010 2010-11 2011-12 Source : DESCO E-Governance To keep pace with the technological advancement and to make the utility management more user-friendly.New Connection.96 7117.18 million and the billcollection ratio stood at 98.18 88.54 98.69 10911.75 90.63 million and the bill-collection ratio between energy sold (MTk.57 415842 2673.44 7705.00 446129 2848. DESCO decided to launch e-governance programme with a unified approach. Human Resource Management and Development and Call Centre are in the process of being included under e-governance programme.36 2573.86 104.40 90.38 16094.8 shows the commercial operations of this entity during FY 2006-07 to FY 2011-12 : Table-10.91 9095.) 03 04 05 06 07 System Loss ( percent) Collection Amount (MTk. Ratio ( percent) Consumers 1897.46 4946.62 98.58 13. On the other hand.01 89.65 3122. Inter Office Wide Area Network (WAN) Connectivity has already been developed and implemented.65 million was collected against the sales target of Tk.75 13327. Table 10. in FY 2010-11. Activities under DESCO include One Point Service Complaint.In FY 2011-12. Besides this.85 million was realised against the sales target of Tk.738 8801. the system loss of DESCO was 8. Control Room and Sub-station Maintenance.) and the amount collected (MTk.26 504723 449063 2191.37 347614 2293.

Government’s instructions regarding installation of solar system in case of new electricity connection is being properly complied with by DESCO. 1. energy security and climate change has led to growing demand for solar power.274 industrial and 14. However.50.39. Rural Electrification Board by its network of 70 PBSs up to June 2012.10. In Bangladesh.9 : Physical Target and Achievement FY Distribution Lines (km) Target Achievement Variance (-) / (+) No.903 connections in 49. Rural Electrification Board (REB) Rural Electrification Board was established in 1977 to ensure access to electricity by the rural population in the country. Up to June’11 about 300 KW solar systems have been installed at consumer premises in DESCO area for different classes of consumers.uploaded in DESCO website and now any consumer may check the status of his/her bill and get to know about the load shedding schedule from this website.53. 2.416 other connections. Of which as many as 78. the rural electrification programme in the country has shown remarkable progress and now it is recognised as a national and an international model. clean and inexhaustible energy to cater the rising demand of global energy needs.105 are domestic. the following table show the targets and achievements made against Rural Electrification Programme during FY 2000-01 to FY 2011-2012: Table .Since its inception.75.061 villages. of Consumers Connected Target Achievement Variance (-) / (+) 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 13750 14528 14922 14661 15400 14500 5476 12989 14641 16002 15706 16260 15091 4764 1652 1361 -296 554 -1169 -10327 325000 350000 450000 550000 650000 750000 650000 504074 662641 650126 686248 735081 741095 453426 158567 -12515 36122 48833 6014 -287669 162 . both the Government and private sectors are working with much enthusiasm to popularise the solar enrgy to address the prevailing energy crisis. Solar energy can play a key role in producing local. has given a total of 91. 8. .32.456 commercial. Solar Power Utilisation The concern about depleting energy reserve in the world. Arrangements have been made to display the solar power use system at the Head Office and all Sales and Distribution offices.652 irrigation. DESCO has given special attention to this programme and opened solar energy advisory cell at each Sales and Distribution Division and centrally at head office.

industry.10: The Statistics of Purchase and Sale of Electricity among the Consumers by REB.10 shows the statistics of purchase and sale of electricity of REB during FY 2011-12: Table 10. Accounts Receivable. The Table 10.32 12.14 9.25 12. Accounts Payable and Collection of Bills Purchase and sale of energy Rural Electrification Board purchases energy from PDB and sells to its consumers (household.94 11.77 1216161 1238717 1172778 1190343 507988 643522 333531 290156 81725 90905 73063 28889 1287 1384 997594 1054856 17.FY Distribution Lines (km) Target Achievement Variance (-) / (+) No.14 14.11 8. Year/ month MWH purchased MWH sold/consumed Avg System loss of 70 PBS ( percent) Others Total Grid Meter Substation Grid Meter 2011-12 July’ 2011 Aug’2011 Sept’2011 Oct’2011 Nov 2011 Dec’2011 Jan’2012 Feb’2012 Mar’2012 April’201 2 May’2012 June’2012 1222146 1273464 1216303 1214712 989526 1049389 1198031 1220639 1298734 1126083 Substation Domestic Industry Commercial Agriculture 1176117 1223925 1171638 1170476 964325 1013580 1153880 1181564 1242689 1082503 585738 617794 715750 629948 556403 474784 494224 470815 424574 456722 297495 280236 237736 295487 234924 305715 307963 274698 286887 263061 90115 91801 97332 95122 89894 80987 82904 78817 75233 74764 32488 23398 24391 40111 36411 37188 166254 280502 302852 191743 1237 1255 1273 1326 1262 1223 1260 2063 1891 1234 1007073 1014483 1076482 1061994 918894 899897 1052604 1106859 1091487 9878524 17.32 15.57 7.30 14.17 8.34 11. agriculture.12 9.37 17. of Consumers Connected Target Achievement Variance (-) / (+) 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Total 5042 6116 2852 2095 7700 107027 3089 5062 2713 307 10049 106624 -1675 1973 -2349 -2406 7021 245000 368275 420000 180000 269500 4938275 192883 405990 461417 259548 723713 5752529 -260543 213107 55427 -201869 464165 Source : REB.50 12.27 4.71 11.96 12.22 8.78 6.38 163 . commercial and others).[Variance = Current year Achievement – Previous year Achievement] Purchase and Sale of Energy.60 20.97 14.85 14.

26 percent 98.54 1.95 percent which stood at 96.00 1.02 percent in FY 2011-12.10 Receivable Amount (Lakh Taka) 102686.21 1.90 Percentage of Bill Collection 96 percent 98 percent 98 percent 98 percent 98 percent 95.11: Receivables and Payables in Regard to Purchase and Sale of Electricity by REB.12: Statistics of bill collection by REB Financial Year Amount of Bill (Lakh Taka) 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 108017. Table 10. Bill collection Bill collection rate of REB in FY 2009-10 was 97.55 1.90 167566.08 292830.11 shows the payable amount of bill to PDB and receivable amount of bill from the consumers.23 2.85 2.48 1.68 200226.92 1.000) 1864124 2349959 2687177 3022224 3446585 4288939 3743158 3765651 4081795 4770491 5232594 7237936 Aging of Accounts Payable (PDB Bill Outstanding) (12 Month 164verage) (Tk. Table 10.78 196222.53 1.58 percent 100.04 160047.Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Table 10.068 219563.72 percent 100. FY Accounts receivable (Months) 2.92 261319. 000) *580795 767100 1049579 1213820 1324081 1528566 1543398 1750170 2108864 2474828 2726788 3861610 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 * Total Cost of Power Purchase.12 below shows the performance of electricity bill collection by REB during FY 2000-01 to FY 2011-12.95 112919.72 316249. Table 10.32 257356.72 1.82 percent 164 .81 1.74 263200.58 293592.43 245981.55 Accounts receivable (Tk.60 224044.07 292846.66 110876.

REB was provided with an allocation of Tk.109.500. utilisation of renewable energy and electrical energy savings.24 537630. 24 new projects have been proposed.23 Percentage of Bill Collection 97. A committee has been formed to serve this purpose.00 lakh in project aid) for implementation of 12 projects. 65. In order to produce financial and statistical reports all PBSs have already been under a computerized system. Out of these proposed projects. 46. by using the existing infrastructure of power sector entities and setting PDB as the focal point. as many as 7 projects are meant for of expansion of distribution lines to bring new customers under the electricity coverage.71 crore (approx).930 km new distribution lines will be either constructed or renovated and 234 electric sub-station will be established to bring 25. Graphic Information System (GIS) is being used in PBSs and by phases it will be introduced in all PBSs to improve services to the consumers.20 559935. Electricity Bill Collection through SMS has been Implemented in three PBSs namely Dhaka PBS-2. On going projects under Rural Electrification Board (REB) Under RADP of FY 2011-12.00 lakh in local currency and Tk. out of 3 upgradation and consumer service related distribution 165 . Moreover. It may be noted that. REB has already been implemented online Electricity Connection Application System in Dhaka PBS-1 and also implementing in other 69 PBSs.84 424741. REB has also begun using Bangladesh National Electronic Government Procurement (e-GP) system.389.Financial Year Amount of Bill (Lakh Taka) 374598.7. It may be further noted here that in order to ensure further expansion of Rural Electrification Programme. an initiative has been taken to set up Fiber Optic Network through joint investment. 11. Through these approved projects.00 lakh (of which Tk. 58. In addition. 7 projects meant for expansion of distribution lines has been approved with an outlay of Tk. goods inventory and billing systems have also been computerised.02 percent 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Environmental and Information Technology Development and Expansion: The Government has taken an initiative to conduct a feasibility study to facilitate Countrywide Fiber Optic Network through electricity transmission and distribution network. of the 12 on going projects. REB is also implementing Electricity Bill Collection through SMS/Banking in all 70 PBSs.95 percent 98.50 Receivable Amount (Lakh Taka) 366919.28.720. Gazipur PBS and Cox’s Bazar PBS.56 418115. development and upgradation of existing distribution system. In accordance with the recommendation of the committee.44 percent 96.000 different categories of new consumers under the coverage of new facilities. On the other hand.

Gas and Mineral Resources Sector The main purpose of oil. of total of 166 . Currently. gas and natural resource sector is to meet growing energy demand of the country by undertaking enhanced exploration activities based on modern seismic survey like 3D survey and development and appraisal of oil and gas fields. of which 26. In order to manufacture solar panels in the country. and distribution. Natural Gas Reserves Natural gas is an important source of energy that accounts for 75 percent of the commercial energy of the country.171 solar home systems by REB. encourage participation of private entrepreneurs in oil and gas exploration. Khulna and Barishal Divisions)”. Private Investment in Power Sector The Government encourages private sector participation in power sector to ensure wider access to electricity. As well as there have been initiatives to generate electricity by using renewable energy such as:  Installation of as many as 23. the sector strategy also aims to reduce extreme dependence on natural gas through diversification of energy. transmission and distribution activities. the “Rural Electrification Upgradation Project (Rajshahi. production. IPP and rental power in private sector. As of June 2012.184 km. balanced and synchronized development of gas production. Now total gas in place is 37. As a result. IDCOL takes the initiative to set up solar power plants as many as possible.project has already been approved under which 5.20KWp (Kilowatt peak) solar photovoltaic (PV) system in the Prime Minister’s office. Oil. 50 new sub-stations will be constructed and existing 30 sub-stations will be upgraded. the private sector is increasingly getting involved in power generation programme of the Government. 33 kv and 11 kv new lines will be constructed/upgraded.     Installation of 21.877 tcf (P1+P2) is recoverable. Besides strengthening exploration and development of gas fields.line projects.680 trillion cubic feet (tcf) . a number of projects are being implemented under several initiatives like public-private partnership (PPP). Installation of 9 lakh solar home system in rural areas by different NGOs with the help of IDCOL ( Infrastructure Development Company Limited) Establishment of 100 MW (offshore) wind power plant at Anowara in Chittagong and 10-15 MW capacity solar power plants in 4 different places of the country .mix. Till date 24 gas fields have been discovered in the country. Rangpur. Recently Petrobangla recalculated the total gas reserve in Bangladesh.

4 1125. Sangu.3 Source: Petrobangla .139.6 1. Yearwise/sector-wise natural gas production and consumption are shown in Table 10.5 2633.0 0.1 10514.1 10. Bakhrabad.4 4. Kailashtilla.2 3. Meghna. Fieldwise gas reserves are presented in table given below: Table 10.8 279.14 below: 167 . Sylhet.7 3.3 196. Shahbazpur and Bibiyana gas fields.63 131. Moulavibazar.0 65.60 5.7 160.9 91.0 2760. Bangura.81 121.73 231.1 88. * Offshore field Natural Gas Production and Sectorwise Consumption Currently.95 67.363 tcf net recoverable.7 194.8 50.24 1931.84 27.June’ 12 Cumulative Production as of June’ 2012 Net Recoverable Reserve Bakhrabad Habiganj Kailashtilla Rashidpur Sylhet Titas Narsingdi Meghna Sangu Saldanadi Jalalabad Beanibazar Fenchuganj Moulavibazar Feni Bibiyana Bangura SHAHBAZPUR SEMUTANG SUNDALPUR NOT IN PRODUCTION: BEGUMGANJ KUTUBDIA 5 9 6 5 1 15 2 1 3 3 4 2 3 4 1 12 4 2 1 1 1.1 30.15 34.26 327.6 5.0 5754.13: Bangladesh Gas Reserves Unit: Billion cubic foot (BCF) Gas field Producing Wells Total Reserve (Proven + Probable) Reserve (Recoverable) Production July’11.99 228.2 197.1 11.6 2.0 62.2 16363.0 2.0 71.7 2.0 45.0 390.3 227.9 729.6 36. Beanibazar.8 3.9 50.0 42.00 21.0 428.0 522.514 tcf gas has been produced leaving 16.80 2912. These are: Titas.1 404 448. Habiganj.9 7.8 501.325.498.47 95.10.2 170.3 26877.05 143.8 1.4 481.5 0 0 0.14 503. 84 wells in 19 gas fields are in production.4 71.87 292.0 271.2 447.3 4628.5 441 664.0 381. Saldanadi.3 3.4 29.1 3454.9 133.6 0. Rashidpur.9 680.144. Energy and Mineral Resources Division.9 6367.8 37680.720.031 165.7 35. Fenchuganj.0 318.21 2199.8 560.0 21.3 17.9 185.0 317.0 125.0 2433.00 0.002.9 10.8 69.46 21.44 384.6 0.9 577.0 203.8 4.0 1184.2 1231.5 26.2 473.7 61.6 0.3 1887.5 PRODUCTION SUSPENDED CHHATAK KAMTA TOTAL 84 1039.1 62.10 2. Jalalabad.5 0 0 743.0 45.195 243.0 307.37 315.0 276. Feni.4 17.3 39.9 502.24 745.0 683. Narsingdi.

20 1.11 306.23 94.52 0.40 15.70 0.61 4.20 Industry 13.86 20.03 190.80 0.7 118.61 401.98 223.Table 10.76 0.39 64.58 254.47 78.24 27.00 0.04 427.40 211.99 0.74 0.15 CNG 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.16 454.82 31.13 63.02 29.02 93. Fields Commercial Estates (seasonal) 0.78 82.31 283.71 0.10 93.719 121.33 38.50 15.72 0.719 62.61 245.00 0.76 247.71 11.99 53.56 31.71 0.8 11 121.66 456.25 4.85 4.90 2.61 536.54 199.48 92.69 364.75 0.86 653.99 282.00 0.07 82.14: Production and Consumption of Natural Gas by Sector Unit: billion cubic feet Fiscal Years 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 743.79 41.90 110.43 78.00 0.40 110.5 128.02 307.66 6.55 Domestic 11.56 63.32 35.64 0.67 74.88 3.24 5.49 4.82 147.39 0.71 22.50 38.26 24. Energy and Mineral Resources Division 168 .68 63.72 221.79 266.58 93.46 8.22 600.00 4.60 7.31 88.85 64.78 95.89 92.60 13.47 80.57 304.62 32.54 Total Sales 178.30 123.00 0.62 6.00 0.4 5 Source: Petrobangla .85 348.50 90.229 714.81 188.83 4.30 97.10 1.83 80.30 107.02 39.16 710.30 493.48 332.20 20.20 0.50 212.687 87.60 69.59 486.97 88.02 73.85 5.48 0.25 69.02 222.52 47.22 52.50 8.38 365.76 46.53 0.16 391.71 83.62 175.72 0.39 Sectors Production Power 88.31 28.87 49.804 0.06 4.70 0.40 89.82 123.1192 8.8 Fertilizer 61.49 57.55 140.20 74.44 77.19 104.85 36.75 703.6 708.65 0.56 4.50 194.74 0.21 584.51 260.27 190.75 526.14 6 273.50 80.4 751.84 24.03 37.94 3.99 22.40 18.35 372.10 234.70 0.80 Captive Power Tea B.71 0.74 44.48 210.00 2.89 27.49 51.57 292.80 93.51 643.71 3.40 2.35 0.35 0.28 256.80 0.76 0.10 0.65 0.80 49.98 77.90 32.00 0.13 235.12 0.53 421.72 562.56 58.80 0.87 2.23 1.60 0.44 0.

Sector-wise demand for gas during FY 2011-12 to 2014-15 is shown in Table 10. 128.4: Sector wise Gas Consumption Pattern Sector wise Gas Consumption FY-( 1 12 Series1. TeaEstate. Commercial.3 BCF. Industry.09 in FY 2010-11.Chart 10. 38. 0% Series1. 1% Series1. 16% Series1. 12% Series1. 41% Series1. power. 8% Demand for Natural Gas It appears that sector wise natural gas demand is on the increase.6.2. Fertilizer.3. 8.5. 0.6.4.81 BCF whereas it was at 708.10 BCF which is the highest among other sectors. In FY 2010-11 .5. 304. Series1.15 below: 169 . Domestic. The demand for natural gas consumption in power sector (Grid+Non-grid) in FY 2011-12 stood at 304. the demand from the power sector was 273. 89.8. The total demand for gas in FY 2011-12 is 751. 5% Series1. CNG. 123. 17% Captive. 58.

7 0. gas and mineral resources sector. in order to increase the gas supply rapidly under a short programme. 7 projects for gas transmission programme (including installation of gas compressor stations). About 95 mmcfd gas is expected to be added through drilling of 5 exploration wells at Kapasia. explore and develop new gas fields.76 38.55 0 89.3 123. Energy and Mineral Resources Division * Non-grid. a target has been fixed by Petrobangla to add 135 mmcfd gas to the national grid by work over of 4 development wells at Titas Gas Field and work over of 1 well at Rashidpur gas field.3 94 258. a total of 29 projects were under implementation by Petrobangla and its companies. Out of these projects.54 751.0 246.4 11.8 13 0 148. Sunetra and Mobarakpur by BAPEX.15 .5 216. 170 .8 1. **Including own use.5 Source: Petrobangla. 8 projects were meant for well drilling programme (exploration and development). 4 projects for gas distribution programme.5 2013-14 378.9 94. Sundalpur.0 139.81 2012-13 350.8 1.6 0.0 20.0 124. 2 projects to conduct 3D and 2D seismic surveys.4 234. a total of 2800 mmcfd gas will be added to the national gas grid including 500 mmcfd gas through importation of LNG by 2013. adopted various plans for the gas exploration since its assumption of office. 2007 another NGL/Condensate fractionation plant was commissioned at the same premises.0 214.Table 10. In FY 2011-12.45 8. therefore.0 56.56 58. Besides under the self finance of local gas companies. In November.15: Sector-wise average gas demand (2010-11 to 2014-15) Unit: billion cubic foot F/Y Power Captive Fertilizer Industry Commercial Brick Domestic Tea-Estate CNG System Loss Total 2011-12 304.6 94.0 1222.0 113.4 2014-15 416. By using the existing facilities in these plants.2 1 120. Moreover.9 20 1306. an LPG plant was installed at Kailashtila in Sylhet in 1998. To meet the increasing demand for gas.5 188. within the oil.5 12. it is important to discover. 9 projects are under implementation. Under the medium (June 2013) and long term planning (December 2015). about 23 metric tonnes of LPG are being produced per day through processing about 54 metric tonnes NGL. LPG With a view to reducing the import of fuel and produce pollution-free fuel.39 128. The present Government has.5 20 1061. Srikail.

In FY 2001-02. In FY 2011-12. Barapukuria. Phulbari and Dighipara coal field in Dinajpur and Jamalgong coal field in Joypurhat/Naogaon.50 bcf gas was consumed in this sector.300 million tonnes which is equivalent about 45-50 trillion cubic feet gas. Dinajpur. steel re-rolling mills etc. Remaining of the coal is used in brick fields. The estimated reserve of these coal fields are approximately 3. out of which Madhyapara Hardrock Mine went into operation since 25 May 2007 with the targeted capacity of 16. Since inception to June 2012 about 19. it handled the processing of 53.9849(upto Feb) kilolitre condensate. daily production is approximately 2. as many as 38. These are Khalaspir coal field in Rangpur.50 lakh metric tonnes per year (5.Condensate Condensate( crude oil) produced as by-product in the gas fields of Sylhet region are being transported to the Ashugonj through the north-south pipeline. railways. Barapukuria Coal Mine has produced 4. A detail Techno-economic Feasibility Study on Dighipara Coal Field will commence very soon. boiler industry.734 whereas it reached to 2.55 million tons up to June 2012. These CNG stations are consuming approximately 101 MMCM gas monthly which is equivalent to more than 11 (eleven) crore litres. Coal Five coal fields have been discovered in the north-west part of Bangladesh. At present. embankment construction and maintenance of bridges. Initially condensate delivery quantity was 50-60 lakh litre per month. highways. Now the quantity has reached to 220 – 250 lakh litre.500-3. The supplied condensate is stored at Ashugonj storage tank and then delivered to the ship of BPC for carrying it to the Eastern Refinery Limited for processing. As many as 587 CNG filling stations and 180 CNG conversion workshops are in operation by the public and private entrepreneurs.500 tonnes per day). Hardrock The annual demand for hardrock in Bangladesh is about 60-70 lakh metric tonnes. Barapukuria Coal field has developed and commercial production has begun from September 2005. Out of these coal fields. the number of CNG run vehicles stood at as many as 6. high rise buildings and other construction works. 171 .594 in FY 2011-12 (upto feb). coastal and town protection. 65 percent of this coal is used in 250 MW power plant of BPDB at Barapukuria. river training.000 metric tonness. CNG In FY 2010-11. The extracted hardrock is being used for various construction works like flood control.12. Consequent on the promotional activities of this kind of fuel (CNG) and its energy saving potential. roads. vehicle conversion to CNG is increasing day by day.56 lakh metric tonnes of hardrock were extracted from Madhyapara Hardrock Mine. Annual production target of Barapukuria Coal Mine is 1 million tonnes. It is to be mentioned that Petrobangla has achieved Exploration License from Bangladesh Mineral Development (BMD) for development of Dighipara coal field.

21 978.937 C&F Value/Million US$ 220.316 1.53 25.87 million metric tonnes which is increasing at about 5 percent per annum.13.30 314.12 364.03 1848.424 10.40 4.877 11.51 Source: Energy and Mineral Resources Division Table: 10.36.750 7.52.431. Another very important project has been taken up to establish a Single Point Mooring (SPM) to discharge crude and refined oil from deep sea near Kutubdia island.01 573.62 22.65 604.213.81 919.277 5.10 18.137 4.535 10.72.17 (a): Import of Refined Petroleum Products Financial Year Diesel.63. Information on imported crude and refined petroleum products from 1998-99 to 2011-12 is shown in the following tables: Table: 10.208 12.26 Crore Take 1277.285 12.300 2.20 22.582 9.00 7.753 14.73 762.04 172 Lubricating Base Oil Quantity (Metric ton) 15.77 25.16: Import of Crude Oil Financial Year 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Quantity (Metric ton) 12.38 38.44 646.40.516 10.94 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 .348 4.899 3.09.35 22.53.707 13.85.084 8. The total demand for refined oil in the country is about 4.36.443. Octane & Jet A-1 Quantity Value (Metric ton) (Crore Taka) 20.037 10.491.006 Value (Crore Taka) 30.302 10. distribution and marketing of petroleum products uninterrupted throughout the country.98 3901.80.382.9 million metric tonnes.78 1693.81 26. Total storage capacity of oil in the country is about 0.535.88 23. Kerosene.14 35.19 289.91.053.13 29.319.24.Petroleum Products Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) imports all types of petroleum products like crude oil.43 2261.16 4196.567 14.037.60. BPC has taken up a BMRE project of Eastern Refinery Limited (ERL) to enhance its processing capacity of crude oil.31.911 6.11.343.08 494.41 7.003 12.189 5.59 5.85 5288. It develops and maintains facilities to store sufficient petroleum products.015. It is the responsibility of this entity to keep supply.85 3. refined petroleum products and furnace oil to meet the country’s growing demand as well as to ensure the energy security of the country.27.62.

22 173 .18: Loss of BPC and its Contribution to the Government Exchequer Contribution to the Financial Year Financial Loss Government exchequer 2002-03 (Audited) 2766.88. 4.819.74 crores during FY 2011-12.63 2007-08 (Audited) 3304.400 crores to the Government exchequer as duty and taxes.00 1022. Energy and Mineral Resources Division.00 7050.61 2003-04 (Audited) 3087. 10.980 Value (Crore Taka) 23.Financial Year 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Diesel.934 27.262 4.30 2008-09 (Audited) 1909.00 2314.09. It has suffered financially for most of the years since it started importing fuels due to its inability to adopt a full pass-through of purchase price to domestic customers. Domestic retail selling price is lower than the imported cost.749 4. Octane & Jet A-1 Quantity Value (Metric ton) (Crore Taka) 25.34. has been importing crude and refined petroleum products. It is important to gradually adjust domestic retail selling price to allow BPC to make full cost recovery.17 6.30.551.828 7.524 1.80.07 crores during 2011-2012 financial year to feed the Rental.63 52. BPC has incurred a loss of Tk. BPC procures oil at international price. since its inception.13 7. On the other hand.982 metric tons High Sulpher Furnace Oil with C&F value Taka 3.95 2317.69 34.03 43.024. Loss of BPC due to price differentials and contribution to the Government exchequer is shown in the Table 10. Subsidy for Petroleum Products Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC).945.111.24 Lubricating Base Oil Quantity (Metric ton) 4.18 24.456 21.93 2004-05 (Audited) 2458.26 3337.07 Source: BPC. Price of the petroleum products fluctuates in the international market depending on market fundamentals.28 958.80.18: Table: 10.24 26.75 53.00 2571.819 10.403.212 12.11 Source: Energy and Mineral Resources Division * It is to be mentioned that BPC has imported 6.982 3. the Corporation contributed Tk. Quick Rental and Peaking Power Plants for generation of electricity.123.17 (b): Import of Refined Petroleum Products (High Sulpher Furnace Oil 180 CST*) Financial Year 2010-11 2011-12 High Sulpher Furnace Oil 180 CST* Quantity (Metric ton) Value (Crore Taka) 2.819.78 2006-07 (Audited) 2756. Table: 10.63 2009-10 (Audited) 2324.07.88 2005-06 (Audited) 2620. Kerosene.

Besides this. Assessment of natural hazards and building awareness of the mass people how to mitigate against those natural calamities is also the routine work of GSB. Energy and Mineral Resources Division. Detail Geological mapping of 260 sq. to evaluate and research in various fields of geology. km. as well as 3-Dimensional Geological Modeling of about 40 sq. Rajshahi. to provide geoscientific advise of development work to the government and non-government agencies.00 10551. infrastructure development. Mymensing City. Exploration and Evaluation Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB) is an attached department to the Energy and Mineral Resources Division. Gas and Mineral Resources sector and materials related thereto. Dinajpur. Mymensing. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Digital Terrain Model (DTM) database have been prepared by advance LiDAR technology for High Resolution Terrain Modeling and Slope gradient of North-Eastern Part of Greater Dhaka City. bridge. policy makers and planners for reduction of natural and man-made risk and hazard potential with various engineering works such as urbanisation and industrialisation. Cox’s Bazar and Tecknaf City Corporation area for Microseismic Zonation Mapping combined with Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP) Phase-II under the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management.Financial Year 2010-11 (Provisional) 2011-12 (Provisional) Contribution to the Government exchequer 3100. GSB is entrusted with the responsibilities to investigate and exploration of mineral resources (except oil and gas). Technical Arm of Energy and Mineral Resources Division (EMRD) It provides technical support to Energy and Mineral Resources Division for the development of Oil.000 hectare of Bijoynagar Upazila under Brahamnbaria district. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Shalna (Gazipur). construction of roads and highways etc. Ministry of Power.74 Source: BPC. km have completed. Bangladesh during the fiscal year 2011-12.00 4400. Haluaghat (Mymensing) and Khulna in first phase for earthquake disaster management to assess the neo-tectonic activities about earthquake in and around Bangladesh. GSB is now working in Rangpur. dam. There is a plan to install five Global Positioning System (GPS) Stations in Dhaka. “Strengthening of the Hydrocarbon Unit” is a Technic al 174 . investigation of peat deposits has been completed in an area of 4.00 Financial Loss 9100. Tangail. urban and land use planning. Hydrocarbon Unit was put into permanent status on 28 May 2008. Mineral Resources (except oil and gas) Investigation. earthquake and compactness of different dams and an Landslide Early Warning System (LEWS) has been installed in Chittagong University area in 2011. Energy and Mineral Resources. Bogra. GSB started research work on Geo-hazards especially on landslide.

issuance of import permit/license in favour of nationalized gas field companies..88. Barapukuria Coal Mining Company and other international oil companies for the import 65 metric tonnes of Power Gel for four mine fields. different activities are being carried out through engaging International consulting firms. the tenure of which will be expired on December 2012. The project is also implementing the establishment of `National Archive System Database Management Software' regarding extraction. the Explosives Act. These include Updating of Resource Assessment and Reserve Estimation.898 petroleum carrying/storage tanks of different petroleum oil tankers and ships before scraping and issuance of “Gas Free” certificates in favor of them. Coal Development Strategy (including peat). UCG and Hard Rock Development activities and review of the existing Mining Act. As many as 9 petroleum storage permits/licenses have been issued in favor of Rental Power Plant run by diesel/furnace oil.e. `Petroleum development Management System (PDMS)' for maintaining records about import. Gas Production Augmentation and Mines and Minerals Development i. A mini-data bank in the Hydrocarbon Unit operates some selected data of the Hydrocarbon sector like Gas Reserve. Petroleum Refining and Marketing Management. Other activities of the Department of Explosives were: approval of results of as many as 50 Leak Tests carried out for ensuring safety of high pressure gas pipelines aiming at implementing the gas transmission expansion programmers’. provided expert opinion to the Honorable Court on as many as 179 of bomb/cocktail/improvised devices against the cases framed under the Explosives Substances Act. `Cost Database Software' for entire accounts under PSCs and other contracts. stock. to develop action plans on Coal Mining. 1884 and the rules framed thereunder. transmission and use of gas produced by local and foreign companies in the gas fields of the country. the second phase of the project is being implemented.018 pieces of Charges and detonators. 1908. Hydrocarbon Unit publishes monthly report on "Gas Reserve & Production" and also issues annual report on "Gas Production & Consumption". Rules and Regulation etc.684 LPG cylinder and issuance of 87 storage licenses for LPG cylinders. Maddhyapara Hard Rock Mining Co. Under this project.Assistance project under Energy and Mineral Resources Division. as many as 99. test of as many as 11. transportation from port to depots and use of fuel oil etc. Hazard Control and Safety Management Department of Explosives is engaged in different types of activities in respect of hazard control and safety management under the Petroleum Act 1934. 175 . The important activities carried out during FY 2011-12 include import of 1. Supervision and Monitoring of Production Sharing Contract (PSC) and other Contracts. At present. Undiscovered Gas Resources and Gas Production & Consumption. CBM.

Regulatory Functions in Energy Sector With a view to expedite the generation.803MW electricity. The aim of these initiatives is to protect consumers' interests but at the same time promoting competitive market to encourage private sector. BERC has reduced license fees as well as renewal fees tor Captive Power Plant to encourage private sector investment in the energy sector. BERC has also been organizing: 'Out-Reach' program at the grass root level to enhance exchange of information. distribution. BERC has promulgated some important regulations for smooth functioning of the energy sector. BERC has introduced "The Regulations for Private Sector Participation in the Power Sector. For storage. and encouraging investors by promoting a wider but fair and level playing market conditions. In order to do that BERC has endorsed the creation of "Regulations for Gas Development Fund. 2011" which has been operating through the management of Petro Bangla. distribution and marketing of CNG and petroleum. 2008". By doing that. 176 . the commission has issued 2 Independent Power producers (IPP). This platform helps building confidence to consumers' rights and gives an opportunity to the investors and service providers to explain their respective positions which ultimately strengthens accountability and ensures transparency in the management of the energy sector. BERC has issued 16 CNG and 66 petroleum licenses respectively in the 2012 fiscal year (till 30 June. BERC has been following a standard procedure in decision-making process by conducting adjudicatory public hearings. it is expected that consumers who do not get required power from national grid line will be benefited. transmission and transportation of electricity for long-term development in the energy sector. In addition to that. building confidence in both consumers and investors. investors will get a clear idea about tariff in advance. Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (BERC) has taken several initiatives to create supportive environment for private sector investment and to ensure transparency In the management. The impact of such regulation is that. keeping in mind that it will assist to open-up a route for establishing new power plants in the country. to create awareness among the consumers and to resolve dispute between the end-users and service providers for better management in the energy sector. BERC helps government's endeavor to attract and sustain energy sector investment through mitigating investors' risk. Apart from this. according to which the Benchmark Indicative Tariff of Furnace oil and Dual-Fuel (Gas/Furnace Oil) has been fixed for commercial power stations and coal-based power stations. In the fiscal year 2011-2012. It is noteworthy to mention here that BERC has issued total of 177 electricity licenses of which 117 are waiver licenses. 4 Rental Power Producer (RPP). 2012). 1 Commercial Power Plant and 50 Captive Power generation licenses. with the production capacity of 984. Therefore. Moreover. operation and fixation of tariffs in these sector.

Training Activities Bangladesh Petrolium Institute(BPI) is providing higher training to the officers and professionals working in the oil. gas and mineral resources sector through 05 (five) training courses including Foundation Training course. Petrobangla. Bangladesh. researchers concluded positive indication of finding liquid hydrocarbon in greater Sylhet area. ICEP. carrying out research and other development activities and implanting improved data management programmes. Till date ( 2012) BPI has organized 309 training course / workshops / seminars and provided training to 5464 persons. MOECO. A joint research titled “Petroleum System Analysis in Surma Basin. gas and mineral resources sector. BPI has been carrying out photo-geology. 177 . In the research report. Research report has been submitted to the Government. the institute has trained up 234 officers working in oil. In 2011-2012 financial year. BAPEX and BPI.” (3rd Phase) has been coducted jointly by JGI. geophysical modeling and other similar surveys in order to identify likely locations/sites for petroleum and gas exploration.