MUH.

IKMAL MINA A 320 090 286
TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA 2011
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING ENGLISH SONGS TO INCREASE LISTENING ABILITY FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT SECOND GRADE OF SMA N 1 KAYEN IN 2011-2012 ACADEMIC YEAR

A. BACKGROUND

Inspired from some researches about teaching and learning English as a second and foreign language, especially in listening skill, there are some obstacles faced by students and teachers. The obstacles are such as using unsuitable methods by the teachers and lack of motivation from the students. The teachers have to find the suitable methods to motivate the students in order to make them interest in learning English. So, the goal of teaching listening is hoped can be reached. As we know we can speak sensibly only if we understand what is said. In fact, people cannot talk if they cannot hear other people’s talk. That simply means there is not enough language input and there is no output. cannot hear clearly. !isten to English song is felt more interesting from the other activities. English songs are a great language package that bundles culture, vocabulary, listening, grammar and a host of other language skills in "ust a few rhymes. Songs can also provide a rela#ed lesson on a hot boring day. o deaf person can speak clearly because he

by English songs is the most interesting way. They have many option. the students should have a great motivation to increase their ability of listening. . And absolutely. &''(). and the way we construct sentences.ne of the methods is by listen to the English songs. It can start discussions on a topic or even become the centre of debate $%utonge. the students will not be bored with listening lesson because most of them like to the music. automatically they should know the meaning of it. It happened because we could not understand what they mean. !isten to English songs also provides opportunities to study language. it will be difficult for us to interact with the foreign people. . !istening English songs also provides positive effect for our speaking ability. by listen to English songs. Although our speaking skills are good. It can be added a couple of steps that have been used with success to the process though to make the listening activities more effective. +e know that the most important thing when we have interaction with the foreign people. And the most important it has benefit on increasing their listening ability. punctuation. So. It can be used for a wide variety of English for foreign language learning and teaching activities. +hile we listen to the English song. There are some reasons for teacher to use English songs in the listening class. So they must translate it to know its meaning.vocabulary. Secondly. There are many reasons why getting students to listen English songs is an important part of the teacher’s "ob. So we must increase our listening ability. usually we sing to the following lyric.It can also form the basis for many lessons. grammar. listening music is very interesting for the students so they can en"oy the lesson. %irst. It means that we speak English while we listen to the song. any e#posure to English is a good thing for language students. *sing songs in the classroom is a great way to live up listening activities. but our listening skills are bad. we should be a good listener. !istening is useful for many purpose.

So the effectiveness of using English songs in listening class of English lesson to increase students’ listening ability will be granted. especially in listening class.Teacher should know what students e#pect in the teaching and learning process. +hat are the students’ opinions of English songs in listening class of English lesson0 1. +hat are the uninteresting post activities for using English songs in listening class of English lesson0 (. B. +hat are the e#pected activities of using English songs in listening class of English lesson0 3. the writer will propose the following problems statement/. So. Also. +hat are the students’ opinions of English listening class of English lesson0 &. Therefore. the teaching learning process by using English songs in listening class of English lesson will be successful if the students pay attention to the material and do their assignment better. teacher should have appropriate and suitable strategies and methodologies in the teaching learning process by using English songs in listening class of English lesson. +hat are the strengths of using English songs in listening class of English lesson0 4.ased on the e#planation above. PROBLEM STATEMENT . +hat are the weaknesses of using English songs in listening class of English lesson0 . he should be able to determine teaching strategies and methodologies in order to make the learning more successful and en"oyable. +hat are the factors that make English listening class of English lesson interesting0 2.

(. Almost any song can be used in the ES! classroom. &. students will have confident on English. To know the students’ opinions of English listening class of English lesson. students can practice their listening skills and increase their cultural knowledge. D. studying the vocabulary. .enefit The main benefit of using songs in the classroom is that students understand the content of singing. BENEFIT OF STUDY  Theoretical . To know the students’ opinions of English songs in listening class of English lesson. To identify the uninteresting post activities for using English songs in listening class of English lesson. . To identify the e#pected activities of using English songs in listening class of English lesson. To identify the strengths of using English songs in listening class of English lesson. 2. 6racticing lyric reading. The pronunciation and rhythm lessons are the same as for the children5s songs and the lessons may help students become more interested in different types of songs.C. 4. To find out the factors that make English listening class of English lesson interesting.y using songs in the classroom. 1.y listening to music and performing songs. and listening to various songs can help students become more familiar with popular . THE OB ECTIVE OF STUDY /. 3.To show the weaknesses of using English songs in listening class of English lesson.

&. automatically their listening ability will increase. &''3)  6ractice- /. Also. The title is Improving Students’ Listening Skill by Using Songs (An Action Research at the Second Year Students of A !ancasila "engkulu #$$% .ther 7esearcher It will be used for the reference and comparison for them on doing their research. two cycles. If they understand the materials. Teacher Teachers can use some kinds of musical styles to teach students. E. UNDERLYING THEORY  6revious Study The first researcher of the previous study is Ahmad 8uhammad 8a’shum 8uhibbaddin 9Ainul :a. and post>test. . the students got mean .rown. The problem which discussed is about how to improve students listening skill by using song. The results of this study are showed that in pre>test. so they will understand about the materials. 1. =e give so many method or strategy when classroom activities in teaching listening the method was a classroom action research that consisted of pre>test.songs and make them more confident in their ability to listen and understand the world around them $. teachers may want to consider using songs that are easy to learn and follow.in at &''<. Students Students can en"oy the teaching learning process.

In cycle &. they got 3' $moderate). they got 2<. Almost everyone loves songs.  ?escription of Theory /. As adolescents. and dance to a rhymes.( $low). They can also form the basis for many lessons $%utonge. a song is a composition for voice or voices.engkulu. when we play. song is there to reinforce or every mood and emotion. Song is also a great language package that bundles culture. song is a piece of music with words that is sung.1< $good). they got 4(. and even nightly news. grammar and a host of other language skills in "ust a few rhymes. As adults. According to =ornby $/AA'. +hen we work. As a baby. sing. movies. performed by singing. theater. Songs can also provide a rela#ed lesson on a hot boring day. . It is a part of our language and life from before birth onwards. +hen young children.//11). vocabulary.+hile in music. In post>test. we play. English Song English is a +est @ermanic language that arose in the Anglo>Sa#on kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south>east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of orthumbria. &''(). So. we often hear song on television. it can be concluded that the use of songs improved the second year students’ listening skill at 8A 6ancasila .(( $low). we are consumes by the beat of popular songs artist in the world.score 22. listening. In cycle /. we often hear our mother and father sing a song to deliver us sleep in the bedroom.

So. That is essentially what . %urthermore. It is a medium through which children.ulletin in Saricoban $/AAA). Several years back there was a public service announcement that ran on television. !istening Skill As defined by o#ford $/AA1. !istening skills make someone able to feels and grasp other people’s saying. !istening skills focuses on the hearing. according to . !istening skill can be meant as ability to pay attention or to hear something. their ideals. sense of values.%rom e#planation above. =earing is a physical ability while listening is a skill. listening is one of the fundamental language skills. sentences. .ut. in listening the brain doesn’t automatically translate the words into the message they are conveying. .eside of that. +hile. and their appreciation. clauses. listening to the songs has been a habitual and liked by everybody. listening skills allow you to understand what someone is Btalking aboutB. we are suggested to include songs in language learning as well. their understanding of the world and of human affairs. listening is a comple# problem solving skill and it is more than "ust perception of the sounds. In other words. It talked about the importance of good listening skills and the difference between hearing and listening. English song is the voices which are performed by singing with English. It is possible to hear sounds without consciously engaging in the process.&'3). young people and adults gain a large portion of their information. Songs had heard by the people in the world since they are born until died. and connected discourse. phrases. =earing is essentially an automatic. !istening includes comprehension of meaning words. &. passive activity. So. listening is not same as hearing. by songs we can provide a rela#ed lesson on a hot boring day. !istening skills allow one to make sense of and understand what another person is saying.

 Sub"ect selection criteria- a. THE METHOD OF STUDY  Cind of 7esearch Descriptive Qualitative research (case studies) – Ultimate goal is to improve practice. This presupposes a cause/effect relationship between behavior and outcome.  ?ata collection techni. this method will only let you hypothesize about variables and describe them. which already has construct validity Din *E?. F. since it is ripe for application to pro"ectsF b. a te#t for this would be Universal !rinciples of &esign.egin with a theory.ues- . Sub"ects need to be representative of the thing under study so that it becomes possible to generaliGe findings to a wider community. .listening is determining the meaning and the message of the sounds or words. however. It is active process that involves much more than assigning labels to sounds or words. Qualitative-descriptive method is a necessary precursor to quantitative research: you always need to operationalize variables–define them.

it could be because of the following reason/.uiry Into the =ayes.An In. +hen criti. The raters themselves are flawed. Hategories should be as concrete as possible.coding for patterns $i. b. All else being e. that measure of agreement between coders. Hontent analysis. the raters weren’t well trained :our categories were not operationally defined to a sufficient degree.uestion who the raters are.they are not e#pertsJ they are ideologically opposed to the study or to potential findingsJ they are fatigued. stress and the intonation patterns of the English language. &. especially in the vocabulary reinforcement stage .a.F +hen there’s low inter>rater reliability.e.ual. ature of 6lanningB by !inda %lower and Iohn 7. 6racticing the rhythm.DThe best e#ample of how to do inter>rater reliability in composition is BThe 6regnant 6ause. Teaching vocabulary.b"ect Strategy to teaching listening or the methodological purposes with songs are used in the class it is possible to rank the followinga.uing a coding study. Think or talk aloud protocol The success of this methodology hinges on inter>rater reliability.  7esearch . 1. it’s apt to . pattern recognition) across sub"ects b.

Students. and other research  Techni. In this respect songs are especially favored by teachers while investigating the use of the tenses.ue Analysis ?ata Interactive Analysis In this research the analysis data using interactive analysis G.c. d. ?eveloping writing skills. REFERENCES .  Techni. Teaching grammar. %or this purpose a song can be used in a variety of ways  ?ata and ?ata Source All of data are founded in this research Senior =igh School. songs and mainly their lyrics are employed as a stimulus for class discussion.ue to Hollect ?ata Interview The data are collected by . %or this purpose. e. which identified different variables that may influence students’ e#pectation on listening learning and the benefits of using English songs to increase listening ability. f.uestionnaires and interviews. Teaching speaking. Teaching listening comprehension.

.waldenu. (th &'// English !anguage>+ikipedia. 8. =igh School>+ikipedia. +alden *niversity.Hambridge *niversity 6ress. $April &''3).com. www. Importance of *sing Songs +hile Teaching Listening A !ancasila English http-KKconnected. http-KKitesl". www. the free encyclopedia. 8ay (th &'// 2-21 68.rown.orgKArticlesK.com.rown>7hymes.wikipedia. Ioy !. Teaching !istening.html . 8ay 2-21 68. the free encyclopedia. Steven $&''3).:a.eduK. The . Rhymes) Stories and Songs in the *SL +lassroom' Internet TES! Iournal.wikipedia.in. ew :ork. Ahmad 8uhammad 8a’shum 8uhibbaddin 9Ainul' Improving Students’ Skill by Using Songs (An Action Research at the Second Year Students of "engkulu #$$%( The Hlasses.rown.