Green Architecture is a term used widely, by both practitioners and academicians, which defines Architecture as a product of its environment

. Green Architecture is synonymous with 'Sustainable Development,' a term defined in 198 by the !orld "ommission on the #nvironment as, $meetin% the needs of today without compromisin% the ability of future %enerations to meet their own needs.$ Sustainable Desi%n is in part the systematic consideration of a pro&ect's life cycle impact on environmental and ener%y resources ''' its lon% term cost and value. "owart "oleman is committed to bein% a responsible steward of our natural resources and, as a leader in Architecture, intends to provide leadership in developin% an ethic of sustainability in all of our practices. Green Architecture is in part achieved throu%h sensitive sitin% and the use of renewable and recyclable materials. (he sun)s warmth, coolin% bree*es and natural li%ht are free resources that the Architect can use to enhance human comfort and reduce or eliminate a buildin%)s draw from non'renewable resources. Green Architecture is not only about protectin% the environment+ it is about protectin% the health, well'bein% and ,uality of life of the buildin%)s occupants. -atural ventilation and the use of non'to.ic paints, carpets and adhesives help to ma/e a %reen buildin% a healthy buildin%. 0y en%a%in% in Sustainable Desi%n, we create hi%h performance buildin%s that are in harmony with their conte.t and ones that protect, enhance and even restore the natural environment. !e optimi*e ener%y efficiency and e.ploit opportunities for passive solar and natural li%htin%. !e conserve natural resources throu%h reducin% waste, usin% re%ional resources, and usin% renewable, salva%ed and recycled materials. !e optimi*e indoor air ,uality and incorporate safe%uards to reduce wastewater and protect water ,uality. "hec/list for #nvironmentally Sustainable Desi%n and "onstruction 1rom the A2A #nvironmental "ommittee 2. D#S2GSmaller is better. 3ptimi*e use of interior space throu%h careful desi%n so that the overall buildin% si*e and resource use in constructin% and operatin% it are /ept at a minimum. Desi%n an ener%y'efficient buildin%. 4se hi%h levels of insulation, hi%h'performance windows, and ti%ht construction. 2n Southern climates, choose %la*in% with low solar heat %ain. Desi%n buildin%s to use renewable ener%y. 5assive solar heatin%, day li%htin%, and natural coolin% can be incorporated cost' effectively into most buildin%s. Also consider solar water heatin% and photo'voltaic ''' or desi%n buildin%s for future panel installation. 2f wood heatin% is an option, specify a low' emission wood stove or pellet stove. 3ptimi*e material use.

6a/e it easy for occupants to recycle waste. S2(2-G <enovate older buildin%s. low'maintenance landscapin%. 5ay attention to solar orientation. pesticide use. ve%etation. day li%htin%. 6a/e the structure adaptable to other uses. Desi%n insect'resistant detailin% that will re. :eave most pristine areas untouched. . Desi%n for future reuse. 2f current codes prevent %ray water recyclin%. 6a/e provisions for stora%e and processin% of recyclables. Situate buildin%s to benefit from e. :ocate buildin%s to minimi*e environmental impact. and /eep roads and service lines short. 5lan electrical wirin% and placement of electrical e. radon. Avoid potential health ha*ards. :andscape with drou%ht'resistant native plants and perennial %roundcovers. and loo/ for areas that have been previously dama%ed to build on.uipment to minimi*e electroma%netic field e. 22. and choose materials and components that can be reused or recycled. 1ollow recommended practices to minimi*e radon entry into the buildin% and provide for future miti%ation if necessary. #61. under sin/. :oo/ into the feasibility of %ray water and rooftop water catchment systems. pesticides. and pollution %enerated from mowin%. or clothes washin% can be recycled for flushin% toilets or irri%ation.posure. important natural areas. door mounted buc/et with lid for compostable food waste.uire minimal use of pesticides. recyclin% bins near the /itchen. avoid especially sensitive areas includin% wetlands. Avoid waste from structural over'desi%n 7use optimum value'en%ineerin%8advanced framin%9.istin% ve%etation. consider desi%nin% the plumbin% for easy future adaptation.istin% buildin%s is the most sustainable construction. !ater that has been used for bathin%. dish washin%. and natural coolin%. "luster buildin%s or build attached units to preserve open space and wildlife habitats. #valuate site resources. #arly in the sitin% process carry out a careful site evaluation. <ooftop water catchment for outdoor waterin% should be considered in many re%ions. etc. soils. solar access.6inimi*e waste by desi%nin% for standard si*es. "onscientiously renovatin% e. Desi%n water'efficient. etc. "onventional lawns have hi%h impact because of water use. <educe ener%y use by orientin% buildin%s to ma/e optimal use of passive solar heatin%.

for e. 4se buildin% products made from recycled materials.uirements.uipment and insulation. "ommutin% can also be reduced by wor/in% at home. =ed%e rows and shrubbery can bloc/ cold winter winds or help channel cool summer bree*es into the buildin%. 0uy locally produced buildin% materials. "hoose buildin% materials with low embodied ener%y. =omosote.ample.uipment 7re. 4se salva%ed buildin% materials when possible. :oo/ for locally produced materials 7local softwoods or hardwoods. (hermo'ply.uired by law9 and. 0ecause manufacturin% is very ener%y'intensive. when usin% an opa. Avoid lumber products produced from old'%rowth timber when acceptable alternatives e. cut ener%y consumption in manufacturin%. 0uildin% products made from recycled materials reduce solid waste problems.tures.(rees on the east and west sides of a buildin% can dramatically reduce coolin% loads.amples of materials with recycled content are cellulose insulation. Bou may not need clear narrow'%rained cedar or redwood sidin%. :ocate buildin%s to provide access to public transportation.uires less maintenance usually saves ener%y. and don't sacrifice ener%y efficiency or water efficiency by reusin% old windows or toilets. and recycled plastic lumber. 6inimi*e transportation re. . (ransportation is costly in both ener%y use and pollution %eneration. 3ne estimate of the relative ener%y intensity of various materials 7by wei%ht9 is as follows.ample9 to replace products imported to your area. 4se durable products and materials. ta/e "1"'based foam insulation to a recycler who can capture "1"s. Durable products also contribute less to our solid waste problems. 222. and save on natural resource use. '=1"s' also dama%e the o*one layer and should be avoided where possible. <educe landfill pressure and save natural resources by usin% salva%ed materials. if possible.ue stain or paint ' as lon% as proper detailin% is used to avoid rot. millwor/. "onsider home office needs with layout and wirin%. A few e. <eclaim "1"s when servicin% or disposin% of e. but their primary replacements. for e. 6inimi*e use of old'%rowth timber. and wal/in% access to basic services. 6a/e sure these materials are safe 7test for lead paint and asbestos9. for e. :umber > 1 0ric/ > ? "ement >? Glass > @ 1iber%lass > Steel > 8 5lastic > @A Aluminum > @A. and hardware. "1"s have lar%ely been phased out. a product that lasts lon%er or re. bicycle paths. lumber. 6A(#<2A:S Avoid o*one'depletin% chemicals in mechanical e. certain plumbin%

particleboard. =eat recovery ventilators are preferred in cold climates because of ener%y savin%s.:aminated wood timbers can be substituted for old'%rowth Dou%las fir. 2nstall water'efficient e. 6inimi*e pac/a%in% waste.cessive pac/a%in%. Avoid e. 4se detailin% that will prevent soil contact and rot. 2nstall hi%h'efficiency li%hts and appliances. 2nstall e.haust'only systems are also ade. but simpler. 6inimi*e use of pressure'treated lumber. . <educin% hot water use also saves ener%y. Solvent'based finishes. healthy indoor air. 6echanical ventilation is usually re. (hese chemicals can affect wor/ers' and occupants' health as well as contribute to smo% and %round'level o*one pollution outside. use alternatives such as recycled plastic lumber. such as sealed'combustion appliances. (ell your supplier why you are avoidin% over'pac/a%ed products. and air conditioners 7and distribution systems9 not only save the buildin% occupants money.pensive e. Don't buy tropical hardwoods unless the seller can document that the wood comes from well' mana%ed forests. but also produce less pollution durin% operation. and faucet aerators not only reduce water use. showerheads. C. #E4256#-( 2nstall hi%h'efficiency heatin% and coolin% e. Deep in mind. that some products must be carefully pac/a%ed to prevent dama%e ' and resultin% waste. less e.tures or fasteners that are not available in bul/. adhesives.uired to ensure safe. such as plastic'wrapped plumbin% fi. (a/e measures to protect wor/ers when cuttin% and handlin% pressure treated wood. !ell'desi%ned hi%h'efficiency furnaces. 2nstall mechanical ventilation e.uipment. they also reduce demand on septic systems or sewa%e treatment plants. =i%h efficiency appliances offer both economic and environmental advanta%es over their conventional counterparts. however. !ater'conservin% toilets. carpetin%. 1luorescent li%htin% has improved dramatically in recent years and is now suitable for homes. Avoid materials that will %ive off %as pollutants. !here possible. and never burn scraps. 2C. and many other buildin% products release formaldehyde and volatile or%anic compounds 7C3"s9 into the air.uipment.uipment with minimal ris/ of combustion %as spilla%e. F30S2(# 5rotect trees and topsoil durin% site wor/. boilers.uate.uipment.

Avoid use of pesticides and other chemicals that may leach into the %roundwater. "onsider home office needs with layout and wirin%. . and wal/in% access to basic services. and educate your crew about recyclin% procedures. (rees on the east and west sides of a buildin% can dramatically reduce coolin% loads. recycle office paper. do not bury any construction debris.ic termite treatments. recycle bevera%e containers.posed frost walls free from obstructions to discoura%e insects. etc. 2n your office.istin% ve%etation. "entrali*e cuttin% operations to reduce waste and simplify sortin%. 3n the &ob. 1ind out where different materials can be ta/en for recyclin%. :oo/ into less to. arran%e carpools to &ob sites. use coffee mu%s instead of disposable cups. 6inimi*e &ob'site waste. 6inimi*e transportation re. Set up clearly mar/ed bins or trash cans for different types of usable waste 7wood scraps for /indlin%. purchase recycled office paper and supplies.jpg&imgrefurl Situate buildin%s to benefit from e. bicycle paths.9. 6a/e your office as ener%y efficient as possible. =ed%e rows and shrubbery can bloc/ cold winter winds or help channel cool summer bree*es into the buildin%. sawdust for compost. purchase ener%y'efficient vehicles.cowartgroup. !hen bac/fillin% a foundation or %radin% around a house.5rotect trees from dama%e durin% construction by fencin% off the $drip line$ around them and avoidin% ma&or chan%es to surface %rade. "ommutin% can also be reduced by wor/in% at home. 6a/e your business operations more environmentally responsible. :ocate buildin%s to provide access to public transportation.uirements. and schedule site visits and errands to minimi*e unnecessary drivin%. and /eep e.