Basis B1 Band Presents the Whole Picture — in Real Time, All the Time

Multiple, interacting sensors measure activity and how the body responds Introduction
Health-conscious individuals are always looking to make positive lifestyle changes—like getting more exercise to achieve weight loss goals, sleeping more to perform better throughout the day, or relaxing to deal with life’s challenges more effectively. Basis believes that gaining important insights into what people do during sleeping, waking, and active hours helps paint the most useful picture of their health to allow these positive changes. As the old adage goes, you can’t manage what you can’t measure, and, by measuring what people do over the course of their day, we truly let them manage their health and wellness. To bring this picture to life, Basis has created the Basis B1 band, a new class of health and wellness device that is a sophisticated convergence of five sensor technologies and advanced data aggregation and analysis. These sensors track users’ lifestyles in real time and in real ways by continuously collecting key measured biosignals. Through sophisticated algorithms, the Basis B1 band translates these biosignals into insightful metrics on how everyday activities affect the body—whether it’s working out or working at the office, going out dancing with friends on Saturday night or sleeping in on Sunday morning. These daily activities offer a great deal of information that only the Basis B1 band can capture and interpret through its advanced technology, providing users with that comprehensive picture.

The Basis B1 band – a new class of health and wellness device with five sensor technologies.



The Sleeping, Waking, and Being Active States
Before discussing the technology, let’s take a look at how Basis breaks down and tracks aspects of an individual’s lifestyle to provide the initial “sketch” of their health. Basis focuses on three states: sleeping, waking or relaxing, and being active: ● ● Sleeping — When an individual is asleep, the body is restoring and recuperating. A lower heart rate and minimal movement commonly characterize sleep. Waking — When an individual is fully awake but engaged in a low level of activity, like relaxing on the couch or working at a desk, the body operates at a “normal” level, with the heart rate slightly elevated from a resting level and frequent, low intensity motion. Being Active — When the individual is active and working hard, whether walking the dog or engaged in some other type of more strenuous activity, the heart rate is typically more elevated. If the level of activity increases enough, sweating and rising skin temperature may also indicate a higher level of exertion.

Through the Basis B1 band, Basis seeks to understand when an individual is in each state so as to truly understand levels of activity, relaxation, and sleep. Rather than make assumptions from limited metrics, Basis uses all five of its sensors and its sophisticated analysis to understand when that particular individual truly reaches one of these three states. Basis also learns a lot about the activities and performance of the body by analyzing how the body responds to transitions between these three states. For example, when a person wakes up in the morning, the Basis B1 band tracks how heartbeats change when a user is transitioning from a resting state to normal activities during waking hours. Basis tracks the amount of sleep an individual gets, sleep quality, and the number of times they are awakened from sleep. Basis makes it easy for users to compare these trends over time and discover how their performance during waking hours affects their sleep metrics. By looking at how much time is spent in each state, how the body reacts to each state, and how the body transitions between states, the Basis B1 band provides a comprehensive picture of everyday life. While the user won’t see much of the actual data from these sensors, this information is vitally important because it contributes to a more accurate and precise interpretation of their health. To gain these insights, a comprehensive set of biosignal metrics is essential. More importantly, every individual has unique biosignals that determine when they are in each state, the changes that occur between states, and how the states affect their bodies. This can’t be determined with a single sensor; it requires a deeper level of insights from sensors that track not only what the individual tells their body to do, but also how their body reacts and changes over time based on lifestyle choices.



Multiple Sensors Working Together
The Basis B1 band is built around five sensors that act in concert and simultaneously in real time to provide a holistic, precise, and accurate view of a person’s health immediately and over extended periods of time: ● Optical blood flow sensor —This sensor detects heart rate, through pulse or blood flow, and constantly monitors heart rate. This is the most important sensor and provides the device with key metrics so that it can understand how the body is reacting to lifestyle events. 3D accelerometer —Highly sensitive, this sensor detects even the smallest movement, regardless of whether users are alert and active or sleeping soundly. Body temperature —By measuring the user’s skin surface temperature, this sensor provides a more accurate reading of exertion in an activity state. Ambient temperature reading —This sensor detects the outside temperature and, in relation to body temperature, can boost the accuracy of caloric burn calculations, as well as providing insights into other environmental effects on the body. Galvanic skin response —By measuring the intensity of the skin’s moisture output (or sweat) during any activity, from warm-up to recovery, this sensor provides information particular to an individual’s level of exertion when engaged in activity.

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While much of this data and the individual metrics collected by sensors are not visible to the user, they are aggregated and summarized by Basis B1 to build to provide a complete picture of the person’s health.

Blood Flow and Heart Rate
At the core of the Basis B1 sensing platform is advanced optical sensing technology to measure heart rate. The Basis B1 advanced optical sensing engine represents a huge technological breakthrough in the ability to measure cardiovascular events unobtrusively and continuously. Powered by specially designed light emitters that illuminate what’s happening inside the body, the Basis B1 sensor “sees” heartbeats as they occur through light shining back from these emitters. Specifically, the optical sensor measures the change in emitted light that is reflected out from the body and that corresponds to the change in blood flow from the pulse caused by each heartbeat. Basis also utilizes optimized light wavelengths in the emitters and a specific sensor and emitter configuration to ensure accuracy throughout the day’s activities. Basis has also done a great deal of research and development on how to use optical sensor technology to measure blood flow (and heartbeats) in the real world, not just in a clinical



environment. Specially designed algorithms learn about each individual’s biosignals and other physiological characteristics (body type, skin tone, and hair density) and then adjust to the person’s body. By looking at how heartbeats change pace, size, and shape, the Basis B1 band can provide great insights into a user’s wellness, activity intensity, and much more—all the time and no matter where they are.

Because so much can influence the demands a person’s body makes on the heart, Basis built in a three-axis accelerometer to complement the optical sensor data and better understand what causes changes in heart rate. The accelerometer tells users how they are moving in the world— and how they are moving has a big impact on health and wellness. Getting the right balance of activity and stillness is an essential part of a well-balanced, healthy lifestyle. The Basis B1 accelerometer measures all aspects of activity—many times per second. The accelerometer measures the rate of change of velocity of the device, both in terms of magnitude (g-force) and direction (3 axes). This can range from whole-body movement, like walking or bicycling, to smaller movements like moving the wrist and hand when writing longhand. The data from the accelerometer, along with the other sensor inputs, is aggregated with the optical heart rate sensor data to inform users about what may be causing changes in heart rate and what this means about their health and wellness. For example, at the beginning of a brisk walk, heart rate increases as the body starts pumping more blood into the muscles to supply increased metabolic needs. During periods of recovery or relaxation, a change in heart rate may mean something else entirely, perhaps a moment of surprise or a reaction to having to make an important presentation at work. It shows how users are moving and how their bodies are reacting. It also measures stillness and what’s happening in the body when it’s not moving, which says a great deal about how lifestyle influences individual health.

Body Temperature and Ambient Temperature
By measuring how the body is regulating skin temperature, the Basis B1 band gets a much better picture of how a person’s body is responding to their lifestyle. The body uses temperature regulation to keep it running at just the right temperature. The Basis B1 band has two temperature sensors that track continuously. When exercising, people tend to get warmer; sweating is one mechanism by which body temperature is restored to a more normal level, and cooling down after an exercise session is another. In addition to reading skin temperature when users are exercising, cooling down, or just engaged in normal activities, the Basis B1 band also reads the external, or ambient,



temperature to see what effect that has on caloric burn rate. For example, climate impacts sweat levels. Warmer climates make most people sweat more and also change the composition of sweat. Ambient temperature can be used to measure the environment and then give context to how much users are sweating. The Basis B1 band then gets data on climate, sweat level, how much motion was used to generate the perspiration, and how all of that relates to the body's internal temperature. While the raw metrics aren’t seen by the user, this set of data provides a powerful set of parameters with which to model the body's thermoregulatory behavior. On top of that, the Basis B1 band can determine the impact on the cardiovascular system via the optical processing engine—and this is something that no other device on the market today can do.

Galvanic Skin Response
All human bodies in motion give off heat, and one of the ways a person’s body keeps from overheating is through sweat. Sweat is expressed by glands when the body needs to cool itself down; evaporation of sweat results in a cooling effect. The Basis B1 band continually measures the conductivity of skin—the level of moisture, or sweat. Galvanic skin response (GSR) readings provide users and anyone with whom they want to share their health information with excellent feedback about the nature of their workouts—how effective their workouts are in terms of intensity and how well they recover after a session. As noted, while the data isn’t visible, it is aggregated with other metrics for richer insights. In fact, no other device combines continuous 24/7 GSR with heart rate to provide such a complete picture. Caloric burn has to do with more than activity; it has to do with blood flow and other factors like skin moisture. Accelerometers alone don’t provide adequate data about how many calories a given individual is burning. For some people, walking slowly is a huge workout that causes them to work up a major sweat; for others, the very same walk doesn’t even register as a workout at all. The Basis B1 band can see not just what an individual is doing, but also how every activity affects their body and their health. It provides context to the person using the device and differentiates the impact a similar exercise has on different people. Through this particular sensor and its interactivity with the other three, users can better determine how particular activities affect them. The Basis B1 band tells users what this means to them, for their own health, and it does so even when they are still.

Summary: Putting It All Together
Now that a user has all of the data that has been collected through the Basis B1 band, how do they make sense of it? Raw biosignal statistics are great for some individuals, but most people



need help interpreting those signals to know exactly how to change their lifestyles and be healthier. Basis uses a sophisticated approach to aggregating and assimilating all of this the data based on multi-variate pattern recognition. Each biosignal is a time-encoded piece of data, or variable, that relates to measurements dynamically calibrated to the user wearing the Basis B1 band. The Basis B1 algorithms are used to look at the relationships among all of the variables to derive a more accurate view of activity, rest, or sleep states and the transitions in between. It is the pattern recognition achieved by all five sensors—heart rate, movement, sweat levels, body temperature, and the effects of ambient temperature—that truly allows Basis to provide that most comprehensive picture of health. Basis then translates its biosignal measurements and pattern recognitions of each physiological state into actionable, trackable metrics like Caloric Burn Count and Sleep Efficiency. These metrics can be used to help users meet workout and fitness goals, achieve weight loss targets, sleep more soundly, and much more. The Basis B1 band presents information to users right on the device itself in real time, as well as through the web-based analytics and reporting. Whether it’s noticing heart rate during moments of frustration at the office or during exercise sessions when working toward caloric burn goals for the day, users see what’s going on with their bodies and can more easily achieve an improved level of health and wellness. When users are out in the real world, going about their day, all they have to do is look at their Basis B1 bands to get an instant snapshot of some key health metrics—not simply what they are doing (like being active or relaxing), but the effect these activities are having on their cardiovascular systems and more. The Basis B1 band can help people learn a lot about their health and the effect of lifestyle on their bodies. Beyond show and tell, it automatically provides ways for people to upgrade their health in simple, achievable ways.

About Basis: BASIS Science, Inc. believes it is easier to get and stay healthy when wellness is fun, social and informative. To put this within everyone’s reach, the company invented the Basis Band – the world’s first connected heart rate and health tracker wearable on the wrist. Convenient and customizable, the multi-sensor Basis B1 band collects data like heart rate, calories burned, physical activity and sleep patterns. It links to your personal dashboard where you can easily view performance, share data, earn rewards, and engage with the Basis community. Basis Science, Inc. is backed by Norwest Venture Partners and Doll Capital Management. For more information visit: BASIS is a trademark of Basis Science, Inc. in the United States and other countries.