Exercise for chapter The variety resources on Earth and The air around us 1.

Which of these substances are mixtures, elements or compound? Tick (√) in the appropriate box. element Water Air Silver Copper sulphate solution soil Oxygen √ √ √ √ compound √ √ mixture

2. The following is a list of uses of earth’s resources. Group them according to the categories below. • • • • • • Habitat for aquatic organisms Transports excretory products in living organisms Supplies fuel Used for growing plants Provides us materials for making clothes Provide us construction material for making wooden houses Basic resources water air earth Living things • • • • • • Supplies nutrients to plants Makes plant cells healthy Necessary for burning processes Needed for respiration of living things Provides us with food Needed for breaking down organic substances

• •

Habitat for aquatic organisms Transport excretory products in living organisms

• •

Necessary for burning process Needed for respiration of living things

• • •

Supplies fuel Used for growing plants Supplies nutrients for plants

Provides us materials for making clothes

Provide us construction material for making wooden houses

Needed for breaking down organic substances •

Makes plants healthy

Provide us with food

controls the temperature b. It can only be separated by electrolysis. Name the method used to separated the components in the following mixtures. because water is a combination of two elements that combined chemically. 3. a mixture can be separated physically. In the soil. On other hand. a. Creatures in the soil like earthworm obtain air because soil has air. sheep provides wool for clothing b. 7. carbonate and sulphate. Give three uses of water in the body system of human and animals. Oxygen gas is obtained from the surrounding air through inhalation.3. Water is an example of a compound. 6. horses are uses for transportation 5. Compare and contrast oxygen and carbon dioxide Properties Similarities pH value Taste Effect on glowing wooden splinter Reaction with sodium hydroxide With lime water Oxygen Colourless . as a medium for the bio chemical process in the body 4. Give three uses of the resources of animals a. 1. . Fill in the blank. there are minerals such as sand. All living things breathe to perform the process of respiration. dissolves nutrients c. odourless 5 Sour Put it’s out Soluble Turns to chalky 4. nitrate. A compound is made up of a combination of two or more elements by chemical reaction. odourless 7 Tasteless Ignites it’s Insoluble No change Carbon dioxide Colourless . 2. chicken provides meat and egg for food c. phosphate.

Combustion requires oxygen.8. This gas is obtained from the surrounding through the process of breathing. Is air is a mixture or compound? Explain your answer. vehicles exhaust smoke Burning of factories and power station Causes greenhouse effect Reduces oxygen in the body and can cause death Causes acid rain and can be damaging the lung Causes acid rain and corrosion of the respiratory passage source Aerosol. Air contains nitrogen. carbon dioxide and inert gases. refrigerators Harmful effects Depletes the ozone layers Separation method Filtration Using a magnet Fractional distillation Evaporation . 11. 12. human needs oxygen for the process of respiration that release energy. Air has the properties of its component The amount of its component is not fixed 10. Complete the table below Pollutant Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Oxides of nitrogen Sulphur dioxide Burning of rubbish and fuels Vehicles exhaust smoke Burning of fuels in factories and vehicles. 5. air-conditioner. 13. In everyday life. Air is made up of gases and the component of gases can be separated easily. mixtures Sand and water Sulphur and iron filings Alcohol and water seawater 9. oxygen. The burning of hydrocarbon produces carbon dioxide and water. The thick layer of air that surrounded our earth is called the atmosphere.