Primary Sources

Barndt, William. "Discovering the Root of the Problem." Personal interview. 04 Feb. 2014.Three of the group members took a trip to the local Claremont Colleges to interview Pitzer College Professor William Barndt. His insights were helpful into discovering the root of Latin America's issues. Birchenall, Javier. "Why the Latin American Debt Crisis Matters." Telephone interview. 07 Mar. 2014.After arranging a phone call by e-mail communication, one of the group members, Teofanny, conducted a telephone interview with University of California Santa Barbara professor, Javier Birchenall. Professor Birchenall especially clarified the significance of the debt crisis to an average American's life. Carlos, Juan. "Imágenes De La Resistencia - Juan Carlos Cáceres." Imágenes De La Resistencia - Juan Carlos Cáceres. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.imagenesdelaresistencia.cl/personajes.html>. This website provided photographs of women in protest against dictatorship and them holding up a large banner stating "Liberty and Democracy". Commanding Heights: The Battles for the World Economy. By Daniel Yergin and William Cran. Prod. William Cran and Sue L. Thompson. Dir. Greg Barker. Heights Productions, Inc., 2002. DVD. This three-part film was the documentary that our AP Economics teacher showed to us in class that sparked our initial interest in the Latin American debt crisis. As a result, this documentary became a great resource for us throughout the entire project. Corrales, Javier. " Analyzing the Latin-American Debt Crisis of the 1980s." E-mail interview. 18 Feb. 2014. One of the group members, Teofanny, conducted an e-mail interview with an Amherst College professor in order to receive a specialized perspective regarding the Latin-American debt crisis. "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy." The National Bureau of Economic Research. Ed. Jeffrey D. Sachs. University of Chicago Press, 1989. Web. 21 Jan. 2014. <http://papers.nber.org/books/sach89-3>. An economics professor at Harvard University, Sachs took us on a first-hand journey in the crisis that unfolded in Latin America. As one of the economists who had the chance of going to these Latin American countries and implementing new economic systems in efforts to alleviate the issue that was at hand, Sachs provided us with a thorough yet concise explanation of what was actually happening in these countries and the reactions of the government officials that were in charge. Garofalo, Pat. "FLASHBACK: In 1983, Reagan Warned Of ‗Incalculable Damage‘ If Debt Ceiling

Wasn‘t Raised." ThinkProgress RSS. Thinkprogress.org, 16 May 2011. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://thinkprogress.org/politics/2011/05/16/166488/reagan-debt-flashback/>. Provided us with quotes based on Ronald Reagan and his various opinions on important matters. Mr. Reagan served as a helping hand during the debt crisis. Garzón, Baltasar. "Remembering Chile's 9/11: Democracy's Final Triumph over General Pinochet." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 09 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/sep/09/chile-911-pinochet-baltasar-garzon>. This website provided the image of soldiers carrying Salvador Allende‘s body from the presidential palace after the Chilean coup. George, Samuel. "Surviving a Debt Crisis." Future Challenges Surviving a Debt Crisis Comments. Future Challenges.org, 25 Mar. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://futurechallenges.org/local/news/surviving-a-debt-crisis/>. This website provided the graph of total Latin American debt, debt service, and interest. It depicts Latin American percentage of exported goods and services and their GDP. Grier, Robin. ―Analyzing the Latin-American Debt Crisis of the 1980s." E-mail interview. 25 Mar. 2014. One of the group members, Teofanny, conducted an e-mail interview with a University of Oklahoma professor in order to receive a specialized perspective regarding the Latin-American debt crisis. Griffith-Jones, Stephany, and Osvaldo Sunkel. Debt and Development Crises in Latin America: The End of an Illusion. Oxford: Clarendon, 1986. Print. This book provided information on the effects of the Latin American debt crisis on civilians. It also describes how government attempted to help the economic problems and situations. "Heading for a Lost Decade? Latin Lessons for Europe." ROAR Magazine RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://roarmag.org/2013/04/lost-decade-latin-american-europen-debt-crisis/>. ROAR Magazine, or Reflections on a Revolution, is an online journal of the radical imagination providing grassroots perspectives from the front-lines of the global struggle for real democracy. ROAR was founded in 2010 by writer, activist and filmmaker Jérôme Roos as an independent media project that seeks to contribute to the ongoing wave of global uprisings. We quoted Roos on our ―Government Intervention‖ page. "Latin American Debt Crisis - A Detailed Essay on an Important Event in the History of the Federal Reserve." Latin American Debt Crisis - A Detailed Essay on an Important Event in the History of the Federal Reserve. FederalReserveHistory.org, 22 Nov. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.federalreservehistory.org/Events/DetailView/46>. This website provided the image of Latin Americans in protest against the Mexican government

and the International Monetary Fund. Micco, Alejandro, and Pablo Egaña. "INSIGHTS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT." INSIGHTS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RSS. N.p., 23 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://blogs.cuit.columbia.edu/pae2110/2012/01/23/from-the-lost-decade-to-the-lost-reformlabor-markets-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean/>. This website provided the painting of hard times during the debt crisis, showing that any attempts to bring about reform to the labor market was prevented. Ocampo, José A. : Network Papers : Publications : Initiative for Policy Dialogue. Rep. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://policydialogue.org/publications/network_papers/the_latin_american_debt_crisis_in_histo rical_perspective/>. This was a report by José Antonio Ocampo. He is a Professor of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. His paper is how we received our graphs on the website. Both the graphs and the paper dealt with comparing the 1930s and 1980s Latin American debt crisis. Ruggiero, Gregory. "Latin American Debt Crisis: What Where It's Causes And Is It Over?" Angelfire.com. N.p., 5 Mar. 1999. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <THE LATIN AMERICAN DEBT CRISIS: WHAT WERE ITS CAUSES, AND IS IT OVER?>. The essay written establishes a well argumentative and informative style, that explain the reasons for the debt crisis, and how its effects are still impacting the world. Wilson, Michael G. "The North American Free Trade Agreement: Ronald Reagan's Vision Realized." The Heritage Foundation. The Heritage Foundation, 2014. Web. 7 Jan. 2014. <http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/1993/11/em371-the-north-american-free-tradeagreement>. In her own way, the United States attempted to alleviate the crisis in Latin America. Starting from Reagan who did not do much to Bush and Clinton who took more initiative, the efforts of the United States, though in our opinions not enough, were realized through this article as Wilson chronologically depicts the actions of the Presidents.

Secondary Sources
Anderson, Jon L. Neruda, Pinochet, and the Iron Lady. Digital image. The New Yorker Daily Comment, 10 Apr. 2013. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. <http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/comment/2013/04/neruda-pinochet-thatcher-chilemurder-exhumed.html>.In order to more effectively demonstrate the relations that took place between government officials spanning the nations, this photo shows the physical divide that was crossed in order for these people to meet. Badkar, Mamta. "10 Hyperinflation Horror Stories Of The 20th Century Read More: Http://www.businessinsider.com/10-hyperinflation-stories-of-the-20th-century-20113?op=1#ixzz2vKozJ78K." The Business Insider. N.p., 19 Mar. 2011. Web. 19 Dec. 2013. <http://www.businessinsider.com/10-hyperinflation-stories-of-the-20th-century-20113?op=1>.This article provided helpful information on the hyperinflation stories of Bolivia and Chile. We utilized the information presented in order to put together a list of a few quick, important facts to know about the debt crisis. Bolivian President Quits amid Turmoil. Digital image. BBC News, 18 Oct. 2003. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3202216.stm>.This image supplemented the quote we provided by "Goni" regarding the debt crisis. Here, Goni expresses his opinions in a passionate manner. Buenaonda2011. Panorama Mexico City. Digital image. Wordpress, 19 June 2011. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. <http://buenaonda2011.wordpress.com/2011/06/19/mexico-city/dsc01635/>.Aesthetics were of great importance to us in crafting our website. Therefore, searching for creative images such as panoramas added a whole new dimension to our project. Buxton, Julia, and Nicola Phillips. Developments in Latin American Political Economy: States, Markets and Actors. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1999. Print. This book created insightful comments on the struggles of Latin America Country to maintain their economy while trying to become a well developed country. Ultimately that plan failed. Chile Politicians. Digital image. FanPhobia, n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.fanphobia.net/profiles/alejandro-foxley/>.This image of former Finance Minister Alejandro Foxley was used in the graphic representation of significant figures and key quotes presented by them regarding the Latin American debt crisis. "Chile: The Pinochet Years." The Center For Jutice and Accountablity. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=196>. The website provided information on the Pinochet Years and provided us a photo of Pinochet

himself. The facts were a reliable source to see the timeline of his reign as dictator of Chile. Chrisvideoinatlanta. Interview Sample Image. Digital image. The Online Royalty Free Public Domain Clip Art. Clker, 03 Dec. 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.clker.com/clipart249028.html>.We used this image as the face for the button that led to our page with interviews on them. "Connect With Us." MintLife Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <https://www.mint.com/blog/trends/hyperinflation-the-story-of-9-failed-currencies>. Provided the group with the photos of the Peruvian currency. The article was about failed currencies, especially those who faced sky rocketed inflation prices. Desde El Malestar." Desde El Malestar. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://desdeelmalestar.wordpress.com/tag/rosemberg-sandoval/>. This website is a blog, and it provided the painting by Ever Astudillo of a boy writing the word "Despotismo" on a wall. It alludes to General Pinochet. Esparza, Catalina. Hay Que Desnudar Al Banco Mundial. Digital image. BBC Mundo Economía, 15 May 2007. Web. 29 Dec. 2013. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/spanish/business/newsid_6658000/6658879.stm>.This is an image of former Finance Minister Juan Cariaga. One of the group members, Teofanny, utilized it in creating an original graphic that creatively portrayed major players and their significant quotes concerning the Latin American debt crisis. "Europe‘s Debt Crisis Coming to Latin America." Voxxi RSS. VOXXI, 4 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://voxxi.com/2012/01/04/europes-debt-crisis-coming-to-latin-america-americas/>. This website provided the image of the protest in Athens due to a debt crisis that would hit Latin America because of the domino effect. Fiscalía Pide Detención Domiciliaria Y Arraigo Contra Expresidente Quiroga En Caso Petrocontratos. Digital image. Seguridad Nacional. La Razón, 07 Oct. 2013. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.larazon.com/nacional/seguridad_nacional/Fiscalia-domiciliaria-expresidente-Quirogapetrocontratos_0_1920407989.html>. This image portrays Jorge Quiroga in action. We utilized this as a visual aid to the quotations included on our website. Foster, John B. "The Latin American Revolt: An Introduction :: Monthly Review." Monthly Review. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014. <http://monthlyreview.org/2007/07/01/the-latinamerican-revolt-an-introduction>. Foster provides a brief introduction to the events that led up to Latin America‘s ―Lost Decade‖ and the events that followed and how these nations are coping. He began by stating that

the problem was caused by these countries‘ attempts to reassert their independence. Although very brief, the article provided us with a clear overview of what is happening in the Latin American countries after their ―Lost Decade.‖ Hayes, Margaret D. "The U.S. and Latin America: A Lost Decade?" Global. Council on Foreign Relations, Inc., 2002. Web. 21 Jan. 2014. <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/44007/margaret-daly-hayes/the-us-and-latinamerica-a-lost-decade>. In a brief article, Hayes describes just how drastic the events that took place in the 1980s were. She began by pointing out how prosperous the 60s and 70s were and transitions into how draconian the 80s were. With this, we were able to grasp the importance of this crisis in a clear and concise manner. "Himno Nacional." Rec. 27 May 2010. Himno Nacional De Bolivia. 1851. YouTube, 27 May 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmLvuyozQiA>.The audio file featured on our homepage is taken from this YouTube video. When searching for an appropriate musical accompaniment to introduce guests to our webpage, we figured that the Bolivian national anthem would be fitting due to its triumphant vibe that represents the triumph Latin American countries were seeking from the clutches of economic downfall. Hugo Chavez and Venezuela's Elections. Digital image. World Affairs Council of Houston, n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. <http://www.wachouston.org/assnfe/ev.asp?ID=229>.In order to provide effective presentation of our interviews, we found it necessary to find pictures of the professors we interviewed. This is an image of Professor Javier Corrales. Image of a professor we interviewed. Digital image. University of California Santa Barbara. Department of Economics, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://econ.ucsb.edu/~jabirche/>.In order to provide effective presentation of our interviews, we found it necessary to find pictures of the professors we interviewed. This is an image of Professor Javier Birchenall. Image of Clive Crook. Digital image. Flickr. Financial Times, 14 Apr. 2011. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/financialtimes/5632908906/in/photostream>.This image of former The Economist's Deputy Editor Clive Crook was used in the graphic representation of significant figures and key quotes presented by them regarding the Latin American debt crisis. Image of Domingo Cavallo. Digital image. Latin American and Hispanic Business Association Conference 2010. Columbia University, n.d. Web. 23 Dec. 2013. <http://www0.gsb.columbia.edu/students/organizations/laba/conference2012/dcavallo.html>. This is an image of the author of Former Minister of Economy in Argentina, Domingo Cavallo. Teofanny, utilized it in creating an original graphic that creatively portrayed major players and

their significant quotes concerning the Latin American debt crisis. Image of former President of Bolivia. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://intercambios.50webs.com/bolivia/presidentes/61_gonzalo_sanches_l.html>.This is an image of former President Gonzalez "Goni" Sanchez de Losada. One of the group members, Teofanny, utilized it in creating an original graphic that creatively portrayed major players and their significant quotes concerning the Latin American debt crisis. Image of former President Ricardo Lagos. Digital image. NNDB: Tracking the Entire World. Soylent Communications, n.d. Web. 29 Dec. 2013. <http://www.nndb.com/people/334/000107013/>.In order to provide visual appeal to the quotations utilized on our website, we searched up selfportraits of the government officials and politicians that we included. Image of Javier Vial. Digital image. Genealogía Chilena En Red, 27 Sept. 2004. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. <http://www.genealogiachilenaenred.cl/gcr/IndividualPage.aspx?ID=I43780>.This image of Javier Vial, the former President of the Association of Banks, was used in a graphic presentation of significant figures and key quotes presented by them regarding the Latin American debt crisis. Immortal Economists: Arnold Harberger. Digital image. The University of Hong Kong School of Economics and Finance, n.d. Web. <http://www.econ.hku.hk/~wsuen/ls/immortal/h1.html>.This image of Arnold Harberger was used in a graphic presentation of significant figures and key quotes presented by them regarding the Latin American debt crisis. "International Banks and the First Debt Crisis: Latin America." Centre for Global Neogations. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.brandt21forum.info/Report_FirstCrisis.htm>. The website provided information of the Brandt Commission Board and the two Reports they created which were: Commission Crisis and North-South. The Brandt Commission Board was named after Wally Brandt. Jacob, Susannah. Daniel Yergin: The TT Interview. Digital image. The Texas Tribune, 02 Nov. 2011. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <http://www.texastribune.org/2011/11/02/daniel-yergin-tt-interview/>.This is an image of the author of Commanding Heights, Daniel Yergin. Teofanny, utilized it in creating an original graphic that creatively portrayed major figures and their significant quotes concerning the Latin American debt crisis. Moore, Daniel. Bolivian, Chilean, and Mexican flags painted on the face of a child. Digital image. The Absolute Insider Guide to South America Travel. N.p., 2006. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.unique-southamerica-travel-experience.com>.We used this website to find images for the buttons on the Countries page. The portrayal of countries' flags painted on a person's face conveyed how the rights of the people were exercised throughout the debt crisis.

La Visión De Sergio De Castro Sobre El Célebre Economista. Digital image. Negocios, 29 July 2012. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. <http://diario.latercera.com/2012/07/29/01/contenido/negocios/27-1148359-la-vision-de-sergio-de-castro-sobre-el-celebre-economista.shtml>.This image of former Finance Minister Sergio De Castro was used in a graphic presentation of significant figures and key quotes presented by them regarding the Latin American debt crisis. Livingstone, Grace. "Uncovering Britain's Secret Role in Protecting Chile's 1973 Coup." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/sep/11/chile-1973-coup-britain-protecting>. This website provided the image of Chilean military troops lying on the rooftop of the presidential palace, ready to fire. Mabry, Donald J. "Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources, Online since 1990."Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources, Online since 1990. The Historical Text Archive, 2001. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?action=read>. The article began by telling us that its goal was to chronologically outline the Mexican financial crisis. By doing so, Mabry helped us to better understand what took place in Mexico in 1982 and to develop an understanding of why it began a domino effect. Maugham, Charlotte. Key Thinkers In The Aid Effectiveness Debate. Digital image. Plain Speaking on Development Issues. International Development Matters, 08 Dec. 2011. Web. 07 Jan. 2014. <http://idml.co.uk/2011/12/key-thinkers-in-the-aid-effectiveness-debate/>.This is an image of the Harvard University Professor and renowned economist, Jeffrey Sachs. Teofanny utilized it in creating an original graphic that creatively portrayed major figures and their significant quotes concerning the Latin American debt crisis. Natarajan, Gulzar. Bernanke's Priorities Mapped! Digital image. Urbanomics. Blogspot, 28 Apr. 2011. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. <http://gulzar05.blogspot.com/2011/04/bernankes-prioritiesmapped.html>.This word cloud revolving around the theme of inflation accurately portrays the issues that were of highest concern to those in power at the time of the Latin American debt crisis. Pettinger, Tejvan R. " Debt Crisis 1980s – Latin America." Economics Help. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.economicshelp.org/blog/glossary/debt-crisis-latin-america>. This article provided information about the basic definition of a debt crisis. It proceeded to explain the causes of Latin America's Debt Crisis that occurred in the 1980s and responses to it. Pitzer Professor Discusses Liberal Arts Colleges in a National Context. Digital image. Pitzer College.

Office of Communications, 23 Oct. 2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.pitzer.edu/offices/communications/press_releases/13-14/2013_10_23-williambarndt-atheneum.asp>.In order to provide effective presentation of our interviews, we found it necessary to find pictures of the professors we interviewed. This is an image of Professor William Barndt. Professor Emeritus Milton Friedman Dies at 94. Digital image. The University of Chicago News Office, 23 Apr. 2008. Web. 01 Mar. 2014. <http://wwwnews.uchicago.edu/releases/06/061116.friedman.shtml>.This image of former Professor Emeritus Milton Friedman was used in a graphic presentation of significant figures and key quotes presented by them regarding the Latin American debt crisis. "The Pinochet Coup 40 Years Ago — Of Chile‘s 9/11 and Photojournalist Juan Carlos Cáceres' Only Weapon, His Camera | THEME." THEME. The.me, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.the.me/the-pinochet-coup-40-years-ago-of-chiles-911-and-photojournalist-juancarlos-caceres-only-weapon-his-camera/>. This website provided images of the Chilean protests and resistance against officers, because they did anything to fight for democracy. "Profits out of Poverty? | War on Want." War On Want. N.p., 2009. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.waronwant.org/about-us/extra/extra/inform/17184-profits-out-of-poverty>. This website provided a picture of the campaign Profits Out of Poverty. It revealed the report in 1986 that exposed British bank involvement in the Latin American Debt Crisis. Shah, Anup. "Structural Adjustment-a Major Cause of Poverty." - Global Issues. N.p., 20 July 1998. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.globalissues.org/article/3/structural-adjustment-a-major-causeof-poverty>. This website brought new information that was critical upon our research. The quotes brought to our attention how massive the impact was not just on the worldwide economy, but as well as the people living in those countries. Smith, Jeff. "Asking the Chileans for Forgiveness on September 11." Grand Rapids Institute for Information Democracy. Griid.org, 11 Sept. 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://griid.org/2012/09/11/asking-the-chileans-for-forgiveness-on-september-11/>. This website provided the image of the Chilean coup capturing dissidents and murdering them out on the streets. "SusanRosenthal.com – Socialism Is the Best Medicine." The Lessons of Chile: 1970-1973. Susanrosenthal.com, 11 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://susanrosenthal.com/articles/thelessons-of-chile>. This website provided the image of Chilean civilians in protest against oppression, holding up a

banner that states "Create People Power". The Coup D’etat in Chile. Digital image. From the Vault. Pacifica Radio Archives Preservation and Access Project., 05 Sept. 2008. Web. 29 Dec. 2013. <http://fromthevaultradio.org/home/2008/09/05/122-the-coup-d‘etat-in-chile/>.This image of former President Salvador Allende complemented our quotation by him. He is portrayed as focused and energized. "This Day That Age: Events That Shook the World." -The New Indian Express. Newindianexpress.com, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/This-day-that-ageEvents-that-shook-the-world/2013/09/11/article1777804.ece>. This website provided the images of both the police officers surrendering with white flags to General Pinochet's attack and the Chilean citizens who approached the damaged presidential palace to have a closer look at it.