LM350 3.

0 A, Adjustable Output, Positive Voltage Regulator
The LM350 is an adjustable three−terminal positive voltage regulator capable of supplying in excess of 3.0 A over an output voltage range of 1.2 V to 33 V. This voltage regulator is exceptionally easy to use and requires only two external resistors to set the output voltage. Further, it employs internal current limiting, thermal shutdown and safe area compensation, making it essentially blow−out proof. The LM350 serves a wide variety of applications including local, on card regulation. This device also makes an especially simple adjustable switching regulator, a programmable output regulator, or by connecting a fixed resistor between the adjustment and output, the LM350 can be used as a precision current regulator.
Features http://onsemi.com

THREE−TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE POSITIVE VOLTAGE REGULATOR

• • • • • • • • • • •

Guaranteed 3.0 A Output Current Output Adjustable between 1.2 V and 33 V Load Regulation Typically 0.1% Line Regulation Typically 0.005%/V Internal Thermal Overload Protection Internal Short Circuit Current Limiting Constant with Temperature Output Transistor Safe Area Compensation Floating Operation for High Voltage Applications Standard 3−lead Transistor Package Eliminates Stocking Many Fixed Voltages Pb−Free Packages are Available*
Vin vout R1 240 Adjust + C ** O 1mF

TO−220 T SUFFIX PLASTIC PACKAGE CASE 221AB

1

2

3

Pin 1. Adjust 2. Vout 3. Vin

Heatsink surface is connected to Pin 2.

MARKING DIAGRAM

LM350

LM 350T AWLYWWG

IAdj Cin* 0.1mF

R2

A WL Y WW G

= Assembly Location = Wafer Lot = Year = Work Week = Pb−Free Device

* = Cin is required if regulator is located an appreciable distance from power supply filter. ** = CO is not needed for stability, however, it does improve transient response. R Vout + 1.25 V 1 ) 2 ) IAdj R2 R1

ǒ

Ǔ

ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package dimensions section on page 3 of this data sheet.

Since IAdj is controlled to less than 100 mA, the error associated with this term is negligible in most applications

Figure 1. Simplified Application
*For additional information on our Pb−Free strategy and soldering details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2006

1

August, 2006 − Rev. 4

Publication Order Number: LM350/D

Junction−to−Case Peak (Note 5) Average (Note 6) 4 3 1.3 1.0 mV % VO % VO/W mA mA Min − Typ 0.0 V ≤ VI−VO ≤ 35 V 10 mA ≤ IO ≤ 3. 10 Hz ≤ f ≤ 10 kHz Ripple Rejection.5 − 100 5. f = 120 Hz (Note 3) Without CAdj CAdj = 10 mF Long Term Stability.5 1. Pmax = 25 W for LM350T.5 1. TJ = Tlow to Thigh. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature.0 A. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be taken into account separately. 3. PD ≤ Pmax VI−VO = 30 V.2 Figure 1 2 Symbol Regline Regload − − Regtherm IAdj DIAdj − − − 5. is connected between the adjustment pin and ground. 6. TJ = Thigh (Note 4) TA= 25°C for Endpoint Measurements Thermal Resistance. unless otherwise noted.0 V.5 − 10 mV % VO % VO mA A 4.0 V Thermal Regulation. °C/W 2. Tlow to Thigh = 0° to +125°C. Thermal Resistance evaluated measuring the hottest temperature on the die using an infrared scanner. 4.25 N RR − 66 3 S RqJC − − − − − − 20 0.0 0. PD ≤ Pmax Line Regulation (Note 2) 3. 10 mA ≤ Il ≤ 3. this specification is an engineering estimate of average stability from lot to lot. 3.002 50 0. This method of evaluation yields very accurate thermal resistance values which are conservative when compared to the other measurement techniques.0 k Hrs.0 A VO ≤ 5.) Characteristics Line Regulation (Note 2) TA = 25°C.0 V VO ≥ 5.0 %/1.0 3.1 0.03 Unit %/V 3 Vref 1. Tlow to Thigh = − 40° to +125°C.LM350 MAXIMUM RATINGS Rating Input−Output Voltage Differential Power Dissipation Operating Junction Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Soldering Lead Temperature (10 seconds) Symbol VI−VO PD TJ Tstg Tsolder Value 35 Internally Limited −40 to +125 −65 to +150 300 Unit Vdc W °C °C °C Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device.0005 Max 0.25 1.0 V VO ≥ 5.0 A VO ≤ 5. 5. Since Long−Term Stability cannot be measured on each device before shipment.30 V 1 2 Regline Regload − 0. Functional operation above the Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied.0 A. Pulse = 20 ms. http://onsemi.com 2 . VO = 10 V. Pulse testing with low duty cycle is used. Pmax [Note 1]. CAdj. Pmax = 25 W for LM350BT 2. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VI−VO = 5.5 A. TA = 25°C RMS Noise.0 0.0 V Temperature Stability (Tlow ≤ TJ ≤ Thigh) Minimum Load Current to Maintain Regulation (VI−VO = 35 V) Maximum Output Current VI−VO ≤ 10 V.5 70 1. when used. PD ≤ Pmax Reference Voltage 3.02 0.0 V ≤ VI−VO ≤ 35 V Load Regulation (Note 2) 10 mA ≤ IL ≤ 3. IL = 1. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect device reliability.3 − − 1.003 − − − % VO dB 65 80 0. PD ≤ Pmax.0 V ≤ VI−VO ≤ 35 V 10 mA ≤ IL ≤ 3.07 %/V − − 3 3 3 TS ILmin Imax 3.2 25 0.20 1.0 0.0 V ≤ VI−VO ≤ 35 V Load Regulation (Note 2) TA = 25°C.3 − − 1. The average die temperature is used to derive the value of thermal resistance junction to case (average). % of VO TA= 25°C. (TA = +25°C) Adjustment Pin Current Adjustment Pin Current Change 3.

including part orientation and tape sizes.3V 170 6.8K 510 160 200 13K 6.7K 12K 5.4K 12.6K 6.3V 135 12.5K 105 4 190 0.8K 5. please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging Specifications Brochure.0pF 6. Representative Schematic Diagram VCC Line Regulation (%/V) = * VIH VIL Vin LM350 Vout IL VOH − VOL VOL x 100 VOH VOL Adjust Cin 0. Vin 310 310 230 120 5. BRD8011/D.6K 5.com 3 .3V 125K 6.45 Vout Adjust Figure 2.4K 30 pF 3.1K 110 30 pF 2. R2 1% Figure 3. Line Regulation and DIAdj/Line Test Circuit http://onsemi.1mF IAdj R1 240 1% CO RL + 1mF * Pulse Testing Required: 1% Duty Cycle is suggested.LM350 ORDERING INFORMATION Device LM350T LM350TG TJ = 0° to + 125 °C Operating Temperature Range Package TO−220 TO−220 (Pb−Free) Shipping† 50 Units / Rail 50 Units / Rail †For information on tape and reel specifications.

**CAdj provides an AC ground to the adjust pin.LM350 Load Regulation (% VO) = VO (min Load) − VO (max Load) VO (min Load) X 100 VO (min Load) VO (max Load) Load Regulation (mV) = VO (min Load) −VO (max Load) Vin Vin LM350 Vout IL RL (max Load) * + Cin 0. To Calculate R2: Vout = ISET R2 + 1.1mF R1 240 1% D1 * 1N4002 + CO 1.0mF RL VO R2 1.65K 1% ** CAdj + 10mF * D1 Discharges CAdj if Output is Shorted to Ground. Figure 6. Load Regulation and DIAdj/Load Test Circuit Vin Vout LM350 IL Adjust VI Cin 0. Standard Test Circuit 24V 14V f = 120 Hz Vin LM350 Vout IL Vout = 10 V Adjust Cin 0. Figure 4.0mF RL VO Pulse Testing Required: 1% Duty Cycle is suggested.1mF IAdj CO 1.25 mA Figure 5.1mF ISET R2 1% R1 IAdj 240 1% Vref + CO 1. Ripple Rejection Test Circuit http://onsemi.0mF Adjust R1 240 1% RL (min Load) R2 1% * Pulse Testing Required: 1% Duty Cycle is suggested.250 V Assume ISET = 5.com 4 .

220 −75 −50 −25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TJ.2 −0.6 −0.0 1.240 1. Temperature Stability Figure 12.0 −75 −50 −25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TJ.0 IL = 500 mA 1.LM350 ∆ Vout .4 I out .0 3. Adjustment Pin Current Figure 10.0 A IL = 2.0 2.0 −75 −50 −25 IL = 200 mA 150 0 25 50 75 100 125 TJ. JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C) 150 0 10 20 30 40 Vin−Vout. Dropout Voltage 1.0 4.5 4.5 A IL = 0. Minimum Operating Current http://onsemi.2 0 −0.260 IB .5 3. REFERENCE VOLTAGE (V) 5.0 0.5 2.230 1. QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA) Vref . INPUT VOLTAGE DIFFERENTIAL (Vdc) 40 Figure 7. Current Limit 3.5 A 7 TJ = 55°C 5 TJ = 25°C TJ = 150°C 3 1 0 0 10 20 30 Vin−Vout.8 −1.5 1. INPUT−OUTPUT VOLTAGE DIFFERENTIAL (Vdc) Figure 11.4 −0.5 2. ADJUSTMENT PIN CURRENT (µA) 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 −75 −50 −25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TJ. OUTPUT CURRENT (A) 0.com 5 .5 IL = 20 mA 1. JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C) 150 Vin = 15 V Vout = 10 V IL = 1.250 1. JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C) 150 V in −Vout .5 0 TJ = −55°C TJ = 25°C TJ = 150°C 1. INPUT−OUTPUT VOLTAGE DIFFERENTIAL (Vdc) DV0 = 100 mV IL = 3. Load Regulation Figure 8.0 A 2.0 IAdj. JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C) Figure 9. OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE (%) 0.

0 mF. OUTPUT CURRENT (A) 10 CAdj = 10 mF Without CAdj Vin − Vout = 5 V IL = 500 mA f = 120 Hz TJ = 25°C 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Vout.0 M Figure 15.5 1.LM350 100 CAdj = 10 mF RR. OUTPUT IMPEDANCE (Ω ) 101 Vin = 15 V Vout = 10 V IL = 500 mA TJ = 25°C 100 10−1 Without CAdj 10−2 CAdj = 10 mF 10−3 100 1.0 0.0 0.5 0 −0. Without CAdj 1.5 1.5 −1.0 mF. CAdj = 10 mF 1. FREQUENCY (Hz) 100 k 1. LOAD CURRENT (A) CL = 0. OUTPUT VOLTAGE DEVIATION (V) 3 2 1 0 −1 −2 −3 CL = 0. RIPPLE REJECTION (dB) 80 60 40 20 0 Without CAdj RR.0 k 10 k 100 k 1.0 −1. TIME (ms) IL 30 40 Figure 17. Load Transient Response http://onsemi.0 0. OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) Figure 13.1 1 Iout.0 k 10 k f.0 M f. RIPPLE REJECTION (dB) 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 35 0 0.5 0 0 10 20 t. CAdj = 10 mF ∆ Vin .01 Vin − Vout = 5 V IL = 500 mA f = 120 Hz TJ = 25°C 0.com 6 . Ripple Rejection versus Frequency Figure 16.5 0 0 10 20 t. OUTPUT VOLTAGE DEVIATION (V) ∆ Vout . TIME (ms) Vin 30 40 Vout = 10 V IL = 50 mA TJ = 25°C CL = 1. Line Transient Response Figure 18. Output Impedance ∆ Vout . Ripple Rejection versus Output Voltage Figure 14. Without CAdj Vin = 15 V Vout = 10 V INL = 50 mA TJ = 25°C CL = 1.5 1. Ripple Rejection versus Output Current 100 RR. RIPPLE REJECTION (dB) 80 60 40 CAdj = 10 mF 20 0 10 Without CAdj IL = 500 mA Vin = 15 V Vout = 10 V TJ = 25°C Z O . INPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE (V) I L . FREQUENCY (Hz) 10 M 10 100 1.

the LM350 was designed to control IAdj to less than 100 mA and keep it constant. Since the LM350 is a floating regulator. Basic Circuit Configuration Load Regulation R1 The LM350 is capable of providing extremely good load regulation. This capacitor (CAdj) prevents ripple from being amplified as the output voltage is increased. The adjustment terminal may be bypassed to ground to improve ripple rejection. This reference voltage is converted to a programming current (IPROG) by R1 (see Figure 19). To do this. but a few precautions are needed to obtain maximum performance. and operation at high voltages with respect to ground is possible. it is only the voltage differential across the circuit which is important to performance. Voltage Regulator with Protection Diodes http://onsemi. Figure 18 shows the LM350 with the recommended protection diodes for output voltages in excess of 25 V or high capacitance values (CO > 25 mF. it is sometimes necessary to add protection diodes to prevent the capacitors from discharging through low current points into the regulator. Diode D1 prevents CO from discharging thru the IC during an input short circuit.LM350 APPLICATIONS INFORMATION Basic Circuit Operation External Capacitors The LM350 is a three−terminal floating regulator. the programming resistor (R1) should be connected as close to the regulator as possible to minimize line drops which effectively appear in series with the reference.25 V reference (Vref) between its output and adjustment terminals.25 V Typical Figure 19. Diode D2 protects against capacitor CAdj discharging through the IC during an output short circuit. In operation. D1 1N4002 Vin LM350 Cin Adjust R2 CAdj Vout + Vref = 1. An output capacitance (CO) in the form of a 1 mF tantalum or 25 mF aluminum electrolytic capacitor on the output swamps this effect and insures stability.com 7 . Protection Diodes When external capacitors are used with any IC regulator. A 10 mF capacitor should improve ripple rejection about 15 dB at 120 Hz in a 10 V application. all quiescent operating current is returned to the output terminal. the LM350 develops and maintains a nominal 1. thereby degrading regulation. Vin LM350 Vout + R1 Adjust Vref IPROG Vout IAdj R2 A 0. The ground end of R2 can be returned near the load ground to provide remote ground sensing and improve load regulation. If the load current is less than this minimum. For best performance. D2 CO 1N4002 Figure 20. and this constant current flows through R2 to ground. CAdj > 10 mF). The combination of diodes D1 and D2 prevents CAdj from discharging through the IC during an input short circuit. Although the LM350 is stable with no output capacitance. like any feedback circuit. This imposes the requirement for a minimum load current. The regulated output voltage is given by: Vout = Vref (1 + R2 ) + IAdj R2 R1 Since the current from the terminal (IAdj) represents an error term in the equation. certain values of external capacitance can cause excessive ringing.1 mF disc or 1 mF tantalum input bypass capacitor (Cin) is recommended to reduce the sensitivity to input line impedance. the output voltage will rise.

0 V Electronic Shutdown Regulator Vin Vin LM350 Vout 240 Adjust R2 MPS2907 50k + 1N4001 Adjust LM350 Vout R1 Iout IAdj Iout + ǒVRref Ǔ ) IAdj 1 10mF ^ 1. Q2 2N5640 1N4001 Output Range: 0 ≤ VO ≤ 25 V 0 ≤ IO ≤ 1. Slow Turn−On Regulator Figure 25. Vref R2 ≤ IDSS Vref R1 = IOmax + IDSS VO < V(BR)DSS + 1.0k TTL Control 1. the source of the FET must be tied to a negative voltage below −1.5 A D5 IN4001 + 10mF IO VO + 1.1mF Q1 2N3822 −10V Figure 21.0K Adjust 2 Voltage Adjust 1N4001 D3 D4 −10V Diodes D1 and D2 and transistor Q2 are added to allow adjustment of output voltage to 0 V. Current Regulator http://onsemi.0mF Tantalum Vin1 0.25 V R1 10 mA ≤ Iout ≤ 3.0mF Adjust * To provide current limiting of IO to the system ground.25 V + VSS ILmin − IDSS < IO < 3.25 V D1 protects the device during an input short circuit.0 A Figure 24. D6 protects both LM350’s during an input short circuit.com 8 .LM350 D6 1N4002 Vin 32V LM350 (1) Vout1 RSC Vin2 LM350 (2) Vout 2 240 Adjust 1 Current Limit Adjust 1K D1 1N4001 1N4001 D2 5.25 V. “Laboratory” Power Supply with Adjustable Current Limit and Output Voltage +25V Vin LM350 Vout R1 620 Vout Iout D1 D1 1N4001 D2 1N4001 1N4002 Vin LM350 Vout + 120 Adjust MPS2222 720 1. Figure 22. 5.0 A As shown O < IO < 1.0 A R2 100 2N5640 VSS* Minimum Vout = 1. Adjustable Current Limiter Figure 23.

018 0.095 0.83 5.64 0.190 0.88 3.47 0.100 0.562 0.64 12.97 6.54 3.025 0.82 0.04 2.66 10.035 0.46 0.142 0. DIM A B C D F G H J K L N Q R S T U V Z INCHES MIN MAX 0.080 0.000 0.405 0. DIMENSION Z DEFINES A ZONE WHERE ALL BODY AND LEAD IRREGULARITIES ARE ALLOWED.020 0.61 3.27 1.15 −−− −−− 2. SINGLE GAUGE T SUFFIX CASE 221AB−01 ISSUE O NOTES: 1.93 0.080 MILLIMETERS MIN MAX 14. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.39 5.190 0.80 3. 2.LM350 PACKAGE DIMENSIONS TO−220.045 −−− −−− 0.70 14. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI Y14.42 2.28 4.105 0.04 2.380 0.147 0.52 4.110 0.255 0.120 0.235 0.5M.060 0.04 −T− B 4 SEATING PLANE F T S C Q 1 2 3 A U K H Z L V G D N R J http://onsemi.110 0.620 0. 1982.07 4.33 2.050 0.66 2.055 0.025 0.508 1.27 1.00 1.155 0.045 0.com 9 .500 0.79 0.160 0.75 9.73 2.570 0.15 1.210 0. 3.48 15.

Colorado 80217 USA Phone: 303−675−2175 or 800−344−3860 Toll Free USA/Canada Fax: 303−675−2176 or 800−344−3867 Toll Free USA/Canada Email: orderlit@onsemi. even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. This literature is subject to all applicable copyright laws and is not for resale in any manner.onsemi. and specifically disclaims any and all liability. Box 5163. SCILLC products are not designed.O. affiliates. and reasonable attorney fees arising out of. or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body.onsemi. LLC (SCILLC). subsidiaries. including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. consequential or incidental damages. nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit. American Technical Support: 800−282−9855 Toll Free USA/Canada Europe. please contact your local Sales Representative http://onsemi. damages.LM350 ON Semiconductor and are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries. costs. including without limitation special. and expenses. and distributors harmless against all claims. or other applications intended to support or sustain life. Middle East and Africa Technical Support: Phone: 421 33 790 2910 Japan Customer Focus Center Phone: 81−3−5773−3850 ON Semiconductor Website: www.com Order Literature: http://www. PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION LITERATURE FULFILLMENT: Literature Distribution Center for ON Semiconductor P. SCILLC makes no warranty. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose.com 10 LM350/D . SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. SCILLC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application. All operating parameters. or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Denver. employees. Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers. directly or indirectly.com/orderlit For additional information. any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use. intended.com N. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others.