English Paper

Created by Akhmad Maladi Akbar Yanuar Adisaputra Zamratul Hamdani Zulkifli Paldana Akbar Teknik Konstruksi Sipil 1S2 Sore

POLITEKNIK NEGERI JAKARTA 2010

We hope this paper can assist students in learning English. Jakarta. a century full of competition. Finally. the Almighty God who has given his blessing and guidance so that the preparation of papers Conjunction be resolved. Now we are in the 21st century. November 2010 .PREFACE Praise we pray toward the presence of the only God. we must equip ourselves to face the competition. local competition. type and function of the adverb with the aim of completing the task of making a paper for English subject. we also like to thank the authors whose articles we have quoted as reference material. Therefore. Competition in all cases can not be avoided. Provision of science and technology alone is not enough if not balanced with good language skills Papers Conjunction is designed to give an explanation about the form. and global competition. national competition. In addition. our gratitude goes to all those who have helped resolve this paper.

bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………… . The Types of Conjunctions………………………………………………………………… C. The Exercises of Conjunctions…………………………………………………………… Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Ending……………………………………………………………………………………………………. B. Table of content…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………… Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………………….TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. The Description of Conjunction…………………………………………………………. A.

we are required to be proficient in English for one day to compete in all areas because English is the language most widely used in the world. The definition can be also be extended to idiomatic phrases that behave as a unit with the same function as a single-word conjunction (as well as.The Conjunctions CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION In this era of globalization. a Conjunction is in invariable grammatical particle. so what constitutes a ”conjunction” should be defined for each language. Moreover. language proficiency is one of ability to be controlled because it is a start-up capital to compete in the world of office. This use of conjunction is called parallel structure. sentences. as a student. a Conjunction is a part of speech that connects two words. However. phrases or clauses together. CHAPTER 2 DESCRIPTION In Grammar. and it may or may not stand between the items it conjoins. This definition may overlap with that of other parts of speech. In gener al. provided by that. The Purpose of this paper is to assist in understanding the adverb used in the English language. . In this paper we discuss about type of adverb. etc). In English there is an adverb that has many forms and uses. modern usage in both Spanish and English is accepting of allowing conjunctions to be used at the beginning of a sentence to join it with a previous sentence. as now.

but. the act of conjoining. Astronomy . 7. characterized by a unification of the planetary energies. combination. as in any case. association: The police. 5. the state of being conjoined. an astrological aspect. or sentences. noun —Synonyms 2. Astrology . usually expressed by and or & or 6. as and. the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude. associating. a compound proposition that is true if and only if all of its component propositions are true. b. a. in conjunction with the army. the relation among the components of such a proposition. any other word or expression of similar function. —Related forms con·junc·tion·al. joining. union. 2. adverb non·con·junc·tion. a combination of events or circumstances. the state of two or more such coinciding heavenly bodies. adjective con·junc·tion·al·ly. a. clauses. established order. . b. b. any member of a small class of words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between words.The Conjunctions have another meaning : –noun (for Conjunction) 1. 4. phrases. because. 3. a. Grammar .the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude. meeting. Logic . however.

parts of speech + parts of speech . main clauses. yet they passed the exam. and independent clauses they are joining. : presents a consequence : I was tired. or. and. nor.e. phrases. or sentences. Here are the meanings and some examples of Coordinators Conjunction :        And ex But ex Or ex Nor ex For ex Yet ex So ex : presents non-contrasting item(s) or idea : Zulkifli and Akbar are watching TV at my home : presents a contrast or exception : Rani is pretty but lazzy : presents an alternate item or idea : Zulkifli wants to watch TV or listen to some music : presents a non-contrasting negative idea : Neither my brother nor my parents are here : presents a reason : I was studying English for TOEFL examination tomorrow : presents a contrast or exception : they were not study. clause + clause). so I went to bed As you can see the above examples coordinating conjunction come between the individual words. . The word coordinate (verb) means “of the same order or important. equal in rank. but. coordinating conjunctions often link similar grammaticalparts of a sentence together (i. In English mnemonic acronym FANBOYS can be used to remember the coordinators for. yet and so.” So. are conjunctions that join two or more items of equal syntactic importance. Coordinating Conjunction Coordinating Conjunction also called coordinators.The Types of Conjunction a. phrase + phrase . such as word.

we had already left. Subordinating Conjunction Subordinating conjunctions. : Whenever I see her. : Although it was very hot. which also gives you a clue about is position in a sentence in relation to an independent clause. they went running. : I will never speak to her again as long as I live. and a verb. : That she arrived . : As I was walking home. : If it rains. : Now that the semester is finished. : Once it stops raining. he went to bed. : As soon as its stops raining. I went to University of Indonesia : While I was walking home. we will leave. Subordinating conjunctions do just that. : Because he was sleepy. Basically. it began to rain. subordinating conjunctions often shows a contrasting or unequal relationship. but is not a complete sentence). she will get a job. she was talking on the phone. Subordinating conjunctions join an independent clause (contains both subject. : When I arrived. It’s important to note. . : We stayed there until we finished our work. they need to joined to an independent clause. The word subordinate (Adjective) means something of lesser of unequal value. : The first time I went to Jakarta. : I have not seen her since she left this morning. I say hello. that dependent clauses can sometimes (not always) come before an independent clause. : We stayed there till we finished our work. The most common subordinating conjunctions in the English language include the following and the examples :                     after although by the time as because before as long as if once since as soon as now that even though that until till when whenever The first time while : After she graduates. the streets get wet. Subordinating conjunctions always come at the beginning of a dependent clause. : by the time she arrived. we had already left. we will leave. : I will leave before she comes. I am going to rest a few days. I went to bed. also called subordinators. however. : Even though I was not tired.b. While coordinating conjunctions join parts of sentence that are similar. dependent clause cannot exist on their own. and a verb and can act as a complete sentence) and a dependent clause (also contains a subject. are conjunctions that introduce a dependent clause. it began to rain.

: Not only my mother but also my brother is here.c. clause + clause). : Neither my brother nor my parents are here. phrase + phrase. Thus correlative conjunctions join similar concepts in a sentence together. : I’m going to go swimming tomorrow whether or not it is cold. Here are the meanings and some examples of Correlative Conjunction :      both / and not only / but also either / or neither / nor whether / or : Both my mother and my brother are here. : I will take either chemistry or phyics next semester. . The word correlative (adjective) means a similar relationship of some kind. Correlative Conjunction Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together to coordinate two items. Similar to coordinating conjunctions. correlative conjunctions joins similar grammatical parts of a sentence (parts of speech + parts of speech.

but it must be practiced in everyday language. There are so many kinds of conjunction. To better understand in every language studied. . I hope this paper can be used to another person to understanding conjunction. In this case is an conjunction. It is therefore not enough just to memorize. Then we should practice it in everyday life. Each type also has a shape and its own characteristics. Each form has their role respectively. In English are so many types.CHAPTER 3 ENDING The Conjunction is a word to describe conjunction. especially the English language we must understand the basic concepts in English. shapes and uses conjunctions. Karena dengan memahami dan lebih mengenal many kinds of conjunctions and sentences in other kita dapat lebih cepat memahami dan mengerti dalam menggunakan bahasa inggris sebagai penghubung kita dalam memahami ilmu teknik sipil ini.

Betty.UniversityofBristol. www.com .com Conjunctions Exercice. Understanding and Using English Grammar.com . Grammatical Conjunctions.wikipedia. www. 1993. http//:www.CHAPTER 4 BIBLIOGRAPHY Schramper. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara List of Conjunctions.com Exercise about Conjunctions.yourDictionary. www.yourDictionary.