Registration of Small Scale Industries(SSIs

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Registration of an existing or proposed small scale enterprise is voluntary and not compulsory. It has no statutory basis. But, registration is beneficial for the enterprise itself because it makes the unit eligible for availing the benefits given by the Central or State Governments for the promotion of SSIs. Some of the incentives so obtained by them relate to credit guarantee scheme; priority sector lending; capital subsidy; reduced customs duty; ISO-9000 certification reimbursement; power tariff subsidies; exemptions under tax laws; etc. The State Directorate or Commissioner of Industries or District Industries Centres (DIC's) are the concerned authorities for registration of small scale units. This registration is both location specific and product specific. Like in certain State capitals and metropolitan cities, it is granted to only those units which are located in the designated industrial areas/estates. A small scale unit is generally subjected to two types of registration. Initially, a provisional registration is granted for the proposed enterprise. It is termed provisional because the enterprise is yet to come into existence. It is granted for a specified period of time during which the unit is expected to be setup. A 'Provisional Registration Certificate (PRC)' enables the unit to obtain :- (i) term loans and working capital from financial institutions, banks under priority sector lending; (ii) facilities for accommodation, land and other approvals; (iii) no objection certificates (NOCs) and clearances from regulatory bodies such as pollution control board, labour regulations, etc. Once the unit has commenced commercial production, it is granted permanent registration. It is a life time registration given after physical inspection of the enterprise and scrutiny of certain documents. Some of the formalities required to be completed for seeking permanent registration are :

Clearance from the municipal corporation

State pollution control board clearance

Sanction from the electricity board

etc. etc.  Incentives and concessions in power tariff. Ownership/tenancy rights of the premises where unit is located  Copy of partnership deed/Memorandum of articles of association in case of a private limited company  Sale bill of product manufactured  Sale bill of each end product  Purchase bill of each raw material  Purchase bill of machinery installed  BIS/QC certificate if applicable  An affidavit giving status of the unit. It enables the unit to get several concessions like : Income tax exemption and Sales tax exemption as per the State Government policy. . machinery installed. The registration certificate so issued by the concerned authority is seen as a proof of the unit being a small scale unit. power requirement.

It gives recognition to the industrial unit and helps in generating a database for policy planning.  Availability of raw material depending on existing policy. a provisional certificate enables the unit to apply to the various departments and agencies for assistance in setting up of the enterprise. if it crosses the investment limits. States use the same registration scheme for implementing their own policies. starts manufacturing any new item or items that require an industrial license or other kind of statutory license. A small scale unit may also become liable for de-registration. there may be some modifications done by individual States. Registering your SSI Unit The main purpose of Registration is to maintain statistics and maintain a roll of such units for the purposes of providing incentives and support services. 10 million) should seek registration with the Director of Industries of the concerned State Government. State and District levels to promote SSIs. But. It is possible that some states may have a 'SIDO registration scheme' and a 'State registration scheme'. States have generally adopted the uniform registration procedures as per the guidelines. SSI Registration Small Scale and ancillary units (i. whatever be the registration scheme. It must be noted that small industries is basically a state subject. undertaking with investment in plant and machinery of less than Rs. Benefits of Registering Objectives and Features Provisional Registration Permanent Registration Procedure De-registration Download Registration Forms & Related Documents (Proformas) . certain States may have a 'SIDO registration scheme' and a 'State registration scheme'. provisional registration is not compulsory for getting a permanent registration. or does not satisfy the condition of being owned. there may be some modifications done by States. However. controlled or being a subsidiary of any other industrial undertaking. the main purpose is to maintain statistics and a roll of such units for providing incentives as well as to create nodal centres at the Centre. For example.e. Price and purchase preference for goods produced. However. But. Though. Such a registration procedures is generally uniform across the States.

 To create nodal centres at the Centre.Exemption under Direct Tax Laws. capital investment subsidies and other support. State and District levels to promote SSI.Excise Exemption Scheme . whether under law or otherwise. differential rates of interest etc. Both the Centre and the State. They relate to development of industrial estates. generally the registration certificate issued by the registering authority is seen as proof of being SSI).  To serve the purpose of collection of statistics. incentives or support given either by the Central or State Govt. .Application for Provisional Registration Provisional Registration Certificate Application for Permanent Registration Certificate of Registration Additional Sheet-1 (for Additions/Deletions) Appendix "A" (Production Details Appendix "B" (Details of Plant and Machinery Affidavit Benefits of Registering The registration scheme has no statutory basis. The regime of incentives offered by the Centre generally contains the following: . target their incentives and support packages generally to units registered with them. Features of the Scheme Features of the scheme are as follows:  DIC is the primary registering centre . Though in many cases they may define it differently.Credit prescription (Priority sector lending).Statutory support such as reservation and the Interest on Delayed Payments Act.  To provide a certificate enabling the units to avail statutory benefits mainly in terms of protection. Units would normally get registered to avail some benefits. . However. power tariff subsidies. (It is to be noted that the Banking Laws. tax subsidies. States/UTs have their own package of facilities and incentives for small scale. Excise Law and the Direct Taxes Law have incorporated the word SSI in their exemption notifications. Objectives of the Registration Scheme They are summarised as follows:  To enumerate and maintain a roll of small industries to which the package of incentives and support are targeted.

And after commencement of production. e. at the time of evaluation.  Obtain facilities for accommodation. Permanent Registration Certificate Enables the unit to get the following incentives/concessions:      Income-Tax exemption and Sales Tax exemption as per State Govt. The following form basis of evaluation:  The unit has obtained all necessary clearances whether statutory or administrative.  Value of plant and machinery is within prescribed limits.  Unit applies for PRC in prescribed application form. Policy.  Once the unit commences production. Provisional Registration Certificate (PRC)  This is given for the pre-operative period and enables the units to obtain the term loans and working capital from financial institutions/banks under priority sector lending. No field enquiry is done and PRC is issued. Incentives and concessions in power tariff etc.  PRC is valid for five years. other approvals etc. land.  PRC is normally valid for 5 years and permanent registration is given in perpetuity.  Two types of registration is done in all States.g. drug license under drug control order. it has to apply for permanent registration on the prescribed form. Procedure for Registration Features of the present procedures are as follows:  A unit can apply for PRC for any item that does not require industrial license which means items listed in Schedule-III and items not listed in Schedule-I or Schedule-II of the licencing Exemption Notification. he can apply afresh at the end of five years period. Labour Regulations etc. Registration is voluntary and not compulsory. Units employing less than 50/100 workers with/without power can apply for registration even for those items included in Schedule-II. if required etc.  Obtain various necessary NOCs and clearances from regulatory bodies such as Pollution Control Board. Availability of raw material depending on existing policy. Permanent registration of tiny units should be renewed after 5 years.  Unit does not violate any locational restrictions in force. NOC from Pollution Control Board. Price and purchase preference for goods produced. . a permanent registration certificate is given. If the entrepreneur is unable to set up the unit in this period. First a provisional registration certificate is given.

De-Registration A Small Scale Unit can violate the regulations in the following ways which will make it liable for deregistration:  It crosses the investment limits. power or telephone connections. water. Permanent / Final Registration : A provisionally registered industrial unit when it is about to go into production is to apply for grant of Permanent / Final Registration. in 1989. Ministry of Commerce and Industries further simplified the procedures by simplification of the forms for registration and also introduced the coded system to indicate the State. land or an industrial set. Registration of Small Scale. controlled or being a subsidiary of any other industrial undertaking. Registration of Small Scale Industrial Units The Scheme of voluntary registration of Small Scale. etc.  It does not satisfy the condition of being owned. viz- i.  It starts manufacturing any new item or items that require an industrial license or other kind of statutory license. Village and Cottage industries are done under two stages. Village and Cottage Industries with the State Directorate of Industries was introduced in 1960 and such registered industrial units were made eligible for different types of assistances by the Governmental Agencies. Unit is not owned. ii. Therefore to avoid such anomalies a uniform set of Application Forms for both Provisional as well as Permanent Registration were evolved out at the time of introduction of the revised procedure of registration of these sectors of industrial undertakings in 1975. An existing and functioning industrial unit is eligible to apply for Permanent / Final Registration without going into provisional registration processes. . Districts and the unit's serial number so as to facilitate computerisation of the whole system of SSI registration. Provisional and Permanent Registration Provisional Registration : Provisional registration is granted to a unit at its preinvestment period to enable it to take necessary steps to apply for financial credit. the Government of India. Initially a uniform norm for registration were not laid down with the result that some of the States had granted different registration numbers to different lines of manufacturing processes to the same unit thereby resulting in multiple registration. controlled or subsidiary of any other industrial undertaking as per notification. With the passage of time.

Year 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Total – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Ri Bhoi 10 12 19 23 27 24 18 26 23 27 209 Total 2 18 14 11 9 112 76 97 99 78 130 131 260 260 134 193 175 208 153 1983 – 84 1993 – 94 16 200 8 239 16 232 9 243 19 265 9 258 2 273 266 20 268 8 323 107 4564 Year Wise SSI Registration With Employment Details. 4. Year 1975 1976 1977 1978 – – – – 76 77 78 79 Nos. 10. 3. 26. 21. No. 2. 16. 4. No. 25. 6. 5.27 141 6. 29. 19. 3. 18. 27. 1. 28.69 204 11. 22. East Khasi Hills 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 50 33 72 54 95 137 62 61 74 112 67 63 75 80 72 69 76 43 88 81 115 1809 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 2 13 14 11 9 72 45 64 West Khasi Hills 1 13 5 2 7 17 27 62 34 72 40 41 39 40 76 41 49 49 58 160 50 49 21 953 Jaintia Hills 5 5 18 10 12 19 17 24 22 29 22 22 15 19 23 35 31 33 39 37 41 38 33 37 35 621 West Garo Hills 28 7 25 18 13 24 15 20 14 16 21 17 11 17 8 18 29 32 26 7 25 23 14 428 East Garo Hills 6 11 10 8 21 12 9 12 2 22 25 19 13 19 29 25 22 32 24 5 44 35 32 437 South Garo Hills - Sl. 12. in lakhs) Generation 0. 13. 24. of UnitsRegistered 2 18 14 11 Investment in plant / Machinery Employment (Rs. 20. 7. 11. 14. 23. 2.77 21 8. 9. 1.The District wise SSI Registration of the State is given in Table below:Districts Wise Yearly Registration of SSI Units. 8. 17.08 100 . Sl. 15.

5. 25. 16. 15.18 668. 8. 19.00 5286.70 133.65 91 878 554 656 573 376 679 709 1048 1428 723 1067 921 1043 830 1441 1308 1313 1155 1334 1499 1330 1638 1416 1805 26281 1989 – 90 . 11. 28. 26.65 258. 22. 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Total – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 9 112 76 97 99 78 130 131 260 260 134 193 175 208 153 200 239 232 243 265 258 273 266 268 323 4564 5. 23.00 260.00 667. 18.42 22.40 229.04 217. 13.11 71. 21. 12. 7.75 149. 20.79 146.39 484.11 74. 17.11 126.28 205.63 51.60 297.88 82.00 702.43 23. 9. 29. 6. 27. 24. 14.05 218.11 48. 10.85 91.36 25.