SYLLABUS FOR M.Sc. COURSE IN PHYSICS UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA

2013

Syllabus for the M.Sc. course in Physics University of Calcutta
The structure of the revised syllabus for the M.Sc. course in Physics, applicable from the academic year 2009-10, is suggested to be as follows. Part 1, 1st Semester Theoretical Courses Mathematical Methods Classical and Relativistic Mechanics Quantum Mechanics I Practical Courses General Practical 1 General Practical 2 Part 1, 2nd Semester Theoretical Courses Classical Electrodynamics Quantum Mechanics II Electronics and Instrumentation Practical Courses General Practical 3 Computer Practical Part 2, 3rd Semester Theoretical Courses Atomic, Molecular, and Laser Physics Statistical Mechanics Nuclear and Particle Physics Solid State Physics Practical Courses Advanced Experiments I Part 2, 4th Semester Theoretical Courses Advanced Paper I Advanced Paper II Elective Paper Practical Courses Comprehensive Competence Advanced Experiments II

PHY 411 PHY 412 PHY 413 PHY 414 PHY 415

50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks

PHY 421 PHY 422 PHY 423 PHY 424 PHY 425

50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks

PHY PHY PHY PHY

511 512 513 514

50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks

PHY 515

PHY 521 PHY 522 PHY 523 PHY 524 PHY 525

50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks 50 Marks

The course has been divided into 13 theoretical and 7 experimental modules, each with full marks 50. Total marks: 1000, Theory: 650, Experiment: 350

To have the M.Sc. degree, a student must pass in all the modules. To pass in a module, a student must get at least 40% marks. A student failing to secure 40% marks in more than two modules in a semester shall be deemed to have failed in that semester and shall not be allowed to proceed in the next semester; (s)he shall appear at the subsequent examination for that semester in all the modules The general experiments PHY 414, PHY 415, and PHY 424 will have a common syllabus as a pool of experiments. A similar pattern will follow for PHY 515 and PHY 525, as a pool of advanced experiments. PHY 524 will have a written part based on the compulsory theoretical courses and a comprehensive viva. Teaching period: Should be 14 weeks for each semester, followed by a study leave of about 3 weeks.

2

Quantum Field Theory Advanced II Papers (PHY 522) 1. Particle Physics 6. For some choices of PHY 522. Students of other departments of this university can attend any theoretical course. all modules except PHY 521 and PHY 523 must be taken in the department. PHY 412. New topics may be added to the list from time to time. Nuclear Structure 3. Nuclear Reaction and Nuclear Astrophysics 5. General Theory of Relativity 3. provided the respective department permits. PHY 521 is fixed and must also be taken in the department. Condensed Matter Physics I 2.For Physics M. Quantum Electronics 4. Astrophysics and Cosmology 2. Soft Matter Physics Total number of lectures (plus tutorials) for theoretical papers is 60 for each unit of 50 marks (core courses: PHY 411. students. Physics of Liquid Crystals 7. Nonlinear Dynamics 6. Microwave 5.Sc. Solid State Electronics Elective Papers (PHY 523) 1. PHY 421. Condensed Matter Physics II 2. PHY 422. Many Body Theory 4. Advanced and Elective Papers: Some of the following topics may be offered as Elective and Advanced papers. Selected Topics of Statistical Mechanics 8. PHY 512) and 50 for each unit of 50 marks (applied courses: rest) 3 . Advanced I Papers (PHY 521) 1. The open modules can be taken from courses (related to Physics and to be approved by the DC of the Physics department) offered by other departments of this university. Materials Physics 4. PHY 413. Laser Physics 3.

Group theory (10) Definitions. The harmonic oscillator problem. Jacobi’s identity. Hamilton-Jacobi theory (4) The Hamilton Jacobi equation for Hamilton’s principle function. Series — Taylor and Laurent expansion. Inhomogeneous differential equations : Green’s functions (3) 6. Solution of differential equations using integral transforms. reducible and irreducible representations. Heavy symmetrical top with precession and nutation. converse of Cauchy’s theorem. normal modes and frequencies. Sturm-Liouville theory. Lagrange and Poisson brackets. Euler’s theorem. Vector space and matrices (7) Vector space: Axiomatic definition. orthogonal transformations and rotations (finite and infinitesimal). Rearrangement theorem. Bromwich integral [use of partial fractions in calculating inverse Laplace transforms]. 3. Differentiation — CauchyRiemann equations and their applications. Infinitesimal canonical transformations. Orthonormality of eigenvectors. Euler’s equations. Frobenius method. Hamilton’s characteristic function. Illustrations with point symmetry groups. Cauchys Integral Formula and its corollaries. Functions of a matrix. group property. Lie groups and Lie algebra with SU(2) as an example. Complex integrals. Group representations : faithful and unfaithful representations. Special functions (3) Basic properties (recurrence and orthogonality relations. Fuch’s theorem. Action angle variables. 5. Hermite and Laguerre functions. Integral variants of Poincare. Matrices: Representation of linear transformations and change of base. 4. Commuting matrices with degenerate eigenvalues. series expansion) of Bessel. Theory of second order linear homogeneous differential equations (6) Singular points — regular and irregular singular points. Rigid bodies (8) Independent coordinates. Isomorphism and homomorphism. Schwarz inequality. examples of canonical transformations. Conservation theorem in Poisson bracket formalism. Analytic and harmonic function. Legendre transformation and Hamilton’s canonical equations. Completeness. Multiplication table. Inertia tensor and principal axis system. Legendre. Euler angles. linear independence. Angular momentum Poisson bracket relations. Integral transforms (3) Fourier and Laplace transforms and their inverse transforms. Tutorials (15) PHY 412: Classical and Relativistic Mechanics 1. 4 . Transform of derivative and integral of a function. Residue theorem and evaluation of some typical real integrals using this theorem. 7. 4. small oscillations. Canonical equations from a variational principle. dimensionality. 2. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. 5. inner product. Complex analysis (13) Recapitulation : Complex numbers. Principle of least action. Hamilton’s principle (6) Calculus of variations. Canonical transformations (6) Generating functions. Classification of singularities. Cayley-Hamilton theorem. 8. GramSchmidt orthogonalisation. triangular inequalities. An overview of the Lagrangian formalism (3) Some specific applications of Lagarange’s equation. 3.PHY 411: Mathematical Methods 1. Cauchy’s theorem (elementary proof only). Linear independence of solutions — Wronskian. Branch point and branch cut. limit and continuity. bases. Hermitian operators. 2. Function of a complex variable — single and multiple-valued function. Hamilton’s principle. Lagrange’s equation from Hamilton’s principle. second solution.

Three-dimensional problems (5) Three dimensional problems in Cartesian and spherical polar coordinates. Raising and lowering operators. Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions: Momentum and parity operators. Multiple well potential. x and p in these representations. Covariant equations of motion. Fourier transform. Multipole expansion of (i) scalar potential and energy due to a static charge distribution (ii) vector potential due to a stationary current distribution. Coordinate and Momentum space: Coordinate and Momentum representations. Fourier Transforms of δ and sine functions. Variational method: He atom as example. 5. Relativistic kinematics (decay and elastic scattering). Schrodinger. Matrix representation for j = j = 1. Commutativity and simultaneous eigenfunctions. Tensors. The logistic equation. 2 4. Contraction. Symmetric and antisymmetric tensors. Uncertainty principle for two arbitrary operators. 4-vectors. Delta-function potential. Transformation properties. Electrostatics and Magnetostatics (6) Scalar and vector potentials. One dimensional harmonic oscillator by operator method. 4-momentum and 4-force. expansion of wave function in terms of a complete set. Gauge transformations. Radial equation of free particle and 3-d harmonic oscillator. 1 2 and 6. Complete set of eigenfunctions. Application to one-electron system – Relativistic mass correction. 9. 5 . One-dimensional problems: Square well problem (E > 0). Approximation Methods (14) Time independent perturbation theory: First and second order corrections to the energy eigenvalues. Tutorials (15) PHY 421: Classical Electrodynamics 1. Ritz principle for excited states for Helium atom. Tutorials (15) PHY 413: Quantum Mechanics I 1. 4-dimensional velocity and acceleration. Poynting’s theorem. Kronig-Penney model. 7. Attractors. 2. Spreading of a wave packet. 3-d well and Fermi energy. Canonical equations from a variational principle. Spin-orbit coupling (L-S and j-j). Chaotic trajectories and Liapunov exponents. Quantum theory of measurement and time evolution (3) Double Stern-Gerlach experiment for spin. First order perturbation. Exchange degeneracy. Poisson’s brackets and canonical field variables. 3. Electrostatic and magnetostatic energy. Introduction to Chaos (4) Periodic motions and perturbations. Raising and lowering of indices.6. 8. Addition of two angular momenta — Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. Metric tensor. the Hamiltonian formulation for continuous systems. Parserval’s theorem.1 system. Spin. Double-δ potential. Special theory of relativity (8) Lorentz transformations. Application to molecular inversion. Degenerate perturbation theory. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian of a relativistic particle. Eigenvalue of a 3-d harmonic oscillator by series solution. examples. First order correction to the eigenvector. Zeeman effect and Stark effect. Heisenberg and interaction pictures. Lagrangian formulation for continuous systems (6) Lagrangian formulation of acoustic field in gases. Maxwell’s stress tensor. 7. Recapitulation of Basic Concepts (9) Wave packet: Gaussian wave packet. Angular momentum (6) Angular momentum algebra. Operator method in Quantum Mechanics (8) Formulation of Quantum Mechanics in vector space language.

Relativistic Quantum Mechanics (9) Klein-Gordon equation. Covariance of Lorentz force equation and the equation of motion of a charged particle in an electromagnetic field. Dirac equation. Fields due to an accelerated charge. Problem with Abraham-Lorentz formula. qualitative discussion of α-decay. Sudden and adiabatic approximations. Charge conjugation. Symmetries in quantum mechanics (12) Conservation laws and degeneracy associated with symmetries. Fields due to a charge moving with uniform velocity. Maxwell’s equations as equations of motion. Symmetric and antisymmetric spin wavefunctions of two identical particles. 3. Born approximation. Bennett’s relation. Collisions of identical particles. Non-relativistic reduction. 7. 5. Rotation group. Electromagnetic field tensor. Energy-momentum tensor and the conservation laws for the electromagnetic field. Thomson and Compton scattering. Static non-uniform magnetic field: Magnetic bottle and loss cone. 4. Coulomb scattering. differential and total scattering cross-sections. 2. Radiation from time-dependent sources of charges and currents (7) Inhomogeneous wave equations and their solutions. Limitations of CED. Irreducible spherical tensor operators. covariance of Maxwells equations. Time-dependent Perturbation Theory (6) Time dependent perturbation theory. Magnetic Reynold’s number. interaction picture. Normalisation and completeness of spinors. Pinched plasma. Partial wave analysis and phase shifts. 3. Scattering by spherically symmetric potentials. Constant and harmonic perturbations — Fermi’s Golden rule. Scattering by a rigid sphere and square well. rotations. Formal theory of scattering — Green’s function in scattering theory. 6. Relation between sign of phase shift and attractive or repulsive nature of the potential. Slater determinant. Wigner-Eckart theorem. Relativistic Lagrangian and Hamiltonian of a charged particle in an electromagnetic field. Spin and magnetic moment of the electron. Tutorials (15) PHY 422: Quantum Mechanics II 1. Rotation matrices. Lorentz transformation law for the electromagnetic fields and the fields due to a point charge in uniform motion. Plane wave solution and momentum space spinors. Uniform but time-dependent magnetic field: Magnetic pumping. Discrete symmetries — parity and time reversal. 4. The generalised momentum. Radiation from moving point charges (12) Lienard-Wiechert potentials. Relativistic electrodynamics (11) Equation of motion in an electromagnetic field. covariant form. Scattering theory (12) Laboratory and centre of mass frames. scattering amplitude. MHD equations. tunnelling through a barrier. Plasma physics (6) Definition of plasma. 6 .2. RamsauerTownsend effect. 5. Feynman-Stu ¨ ckelberg interpretation of negative energy states and concept of antiparticles. Radiation when velocity (relativistic) and acceleration are parallel. Properties of γ matrices. homomorphism between SO(3) and SU(2). Its occurrence in nature. WKB Approximation (3) Quantisation rule. Cherenkov radiation (qualitative treatment only). Qualitative discussion on sausage and kink instability. Radiation from localised sources and multipole expansion in the radiation zone. Identical Particles (3) Meaning of identity and consequences. Bremsstrahlung. Larmor’s formula and its relativistic generalisation. Symmetric and antisymmetric wavefunctions. adjoint equation. Helicity and chirality. Continuous symmetries — space and time translations. Radiation reaction (3) Radiation reaction from energy conservation. Lippman-Schwinger equation. Explicit ma1 trix representation of generators for j = 2 and j = 1. Field invariants. Synchrotron radiation. Radiation when velocity and acceleration are perpendicular. Radiation at low velocity. Dilute and dense plasma. 6.

Signal processing. ratioinverter. Dynamic diffusion capacitances. Unijunction transistor (UJT). Interaction of an atom with electromagnetic wave: The interaction Hamiltonian — Selection rules. Resonant excitation — Induced absorption and emission. Static and dynamic random access memories (SRAM and DRAM) 3. Memory Devices. Typical Schottky barriers. L-S and j-j coupling. Time of flight technique. Rectifying contacts. Selection rules. Relativistic correction to the energy of one electron atom. NAND and NOT). dynamic MOS shift register. and Laser Physics 1. 2. PHY 511: Atomic. Parity of the wave function. 4. 2. Tutorials (15) PHY 423: Electronics and Instrumentation 1. 5. triangle wave and pulse generators. Photodiode. Error analysis and hypothesis testing (4) Propagation of errors. selection rules. Hunds rule. Programmable Unijunction transistor (PUT). Angular and radial distribution functions. Molecular. Hyperfine splitting of spectral lines. Waveform generators: Square wave. Standing wave and standing wave ratio. Basic semiconductor equations. Hyperfine interaction and isotope shift. Ebers-Moll equation. Least square fit. Atomic orbital. Analog circuits (4) Comparators. Ohmic contacts.7. Measurement of energy and time using electronic signals from the detectors and associated instrumentation. Coincidence measurements true-to-chance ratio. Energy levels and spectra. p-n-p-n switch. Solar cell. Criteria for goodness of fit (χ2 -testing). Line impedance and admittance. Multi channel analyzer. Application of the general equations. Multivibrators. Distribution. Dynamic MOS circuits. Effect of external magnetic field . Solid state detectors (Si and HPGe). p-n diode current voltage characteristics. Lamb shift. Reflection and transmission coefficient. Experimental design (8) Scintillation detectors. Physics of Semiconductor devices II (11) Metal semiconductor junctions: Schottky barriers. Interaction of radiation with matter (6) Time dependent perturbation: Sinusoidal or constant perturbation. Digital MOS circuits (6) NMOS and CMOS gates (AND. Plotting of graphs. static MOS shift registers. LDR. Band structure of p-n junction. Fine and Hyperfine structure (10) Solution of Dirac equation in a central field. SCR. two phase inverter. 3. Central field approximation for many electron atom. LED. Spectroscopic terms. Smith chart. 4. Equivalent and nonequivalent electrons. Miscellaneous semiconductor devices: Tunnel diode. four phase shift registers. 7 . moderate and weak field. 6. Slater determinant. One Electron Atom (2) Introduction: Quantum States. Transmission line (9) Transmission line equation and solution. Nonresonant excitation — Comparison with the elastically bound electron model. Many electron atom (6) Independent particle model. Alkali spectra. 7. Fine structure of spectral lines.Strong. Physics of Semiconductor devices I (8) Carrier concentrations in semiconductors. Lande interval rule. Sinusoidal perturbation which couples two discrete states — the resonance phenomenon. He atom as an example of central field approximation.

6. Molecular rotation: Non-rigid rotator. Ideal Bose and Fermi gas (6) Equation of state. Pulsed operation of laser: Q-switching and Mode locking. Central Limit Theorem. Threshold condition. Electronic states of diatomic molecules. Shapes of molecular orbital. Calculation of exponents from Mean Field Theory and Landau’s theory. Character tables for C2v and C3v point groups. Liouville’s Theorem. Chemical potential of ideal gas. Pure rotational transitions. 8 . canonical partition function. Density matrices for microcanonical. critical exponents and scaling relations. 7. Optical resonators. phase space and ensembles. Matrix representation of the symmetry elements of a point group. Four-level laser system. Cavity modes. grand canonical partition function and grand potential. Continuous spectra. Born-Oppenheimer approximation. microstates. Chemical equilibrium and Saha Ionisation Equation.5. Electronic angular momenta. Population inversion and photon number in the cavity around threshold. Mode selection. fluctuation of particle number. Classical non-ideal gas (4) Mean field theory and Van der Wall’s equation of state. Bose condensation. Fermi gas at finite T. States for hydrogen molecular ion. 9. Quantum statistical mechanics (5) Density Matrix. π and σ bond. Ergodic hypothesis. Quantum Liouville theorem. Spectra of Diatomic Molecules (4) Transition matrix elements. 4. Franck-Condon principle. chemical potential. Electronic transitions: Structure. Coulomb. Symmetries of electronic wavefunctions. Molecular Electronic States (5) Concept of molecular potential. Term symbol for simple molecules. 3. Cluster integrals and Mayer-Ursell expansion. CW operation of laser. Reducible and irreducible representations. postulate of equal a-priori probability and equality of ensemble average and time average. fluctuation of internal energy. Experimental technique of Q-switching and mode locking Different laser systems: Ruby. Application of group theory to molecular vibration. CO2 . 2. Helmholtz free energy. 5. Boltzmann’s postulate of entropy. Output coupling of laser power. Rotational structure of electronic transitions. Equation of state of ideal Fermi gas. Grand Canonical Ensemble (3) System in contact with a particle reservoir. 7. canonical and grand canonical systems. Identical particles – B-E and F-D distributions. Molecular vibrations: Harmonic oscillator and the anharmonic oscillator approximation. Critical pumping rate. Phase transitions – first order and continuous. Simple examples of density matrices – one electron in a magnetic field. 6. 8. Vibration-rotation spectra: Pure vibrational transitions. Entropy of ideal gas : Sackur-Tetrode equation and Gibbs’ paradox. Phase Transition and Critical Phenomeona (9) Ising model – partition function for one dimensional case. Dye and Semiconductor diode laser. upper critical dimension. Canonical Ensemble (4) System in contact with a heat reservoir. Introduction (6) Objective of statistical mechanics. Rotation and Vibration of Molecules (3) Solution of nuclear equation. Exchange and Overlap integral. Fortrat diagram. Laser Physics (10) Basic elements of a laser. Normal coordinates and normal modes. Vibration-rotation transitions. Morse potential. Vibration of Polyatomic Molecules: Application of Group Theory (4) Molecular symmetry. Macrostates. Dissociation energy of molecules. Centrifugal distortion. expression of entropy. Chemical equilibrium and Saha ionisation formula. The LCAO approach. Raman transitions and Raman spectra. particle in a box. Symmetric top molecules. Separation of electronic and nuclear wavefunctions. Counting the number of microstates in phase space. Approximation methods for the calculation of electronic Wave function. PHY 512: Statistical Mechanics 1.

4. SU(3) algebra. Two-body bound state (3) Properties of deuteron. Shell model and Collective model. Friedel’s law. Scattering from molecular hydrogen and determination of singlet and triplet scattering lengths. Reciprocal lattice and Brillouin zone. Strong interaction (7) Symmetries and conservation laws. experimental determination. Nuclear properties (4) Basic nuclear properties: nuclear size. spin dependence of nuclear forces. Classical Linear Response Theory. Rutherford scattering. Atomic and geometric structure factors. Two-body scattering (6) Experimental n-p scattering data. Nuclear reactions and fission (10) Different types of reactions. point group and space group (information only). Master Equation. spontaneous fission. Rabi’s method. rms radius. Elementary ideas about astrophysical reactions. Common crystal structures: NaCl and CsCl structure. 6. Brownian Motion. Ewald construction. Magnetic moment of hadrons. PHY 514 Solid State Physics 1. 8. Nature of nuclear forces: charge independence. primitive unit cell. Gell-Mann – Okubo mass relation. statistical model. effective range theory. FokkerPlanck Equation 9. and deuterium. nuclear radius and charge distribution. Quarks. Anomalous scattering. tetrahedral and octahedral interstitial sites. γ -decay. barrier penetration. Resonance scattering and reactions — BreitWigner dispersion relation. Principle of detailed balance. Transfer reactions. Intensity of scattered X-ray. systematic absences. nuclear form factor. Young tableaux rules for SU(3). The problem of mass generation and the need for the Higgs mechanism. Spinel structure. 9. Colour. primitive vectors. 3. Elementary ideas about the gauge theory of weak interaction. Optical model. Explanation of 9 . Fermi model. β -decay and weak interaction (8) Energetics of various β decays. V − A theory of allowed β decay. relative abundances of hydrogen. helium. Zinc blende and Wurtzite structure. Angular momentum. charge symmetry and isospin invariance of nuclear forces. Hadron classification by isospin and hypercharge. Nuclear fission: Experimental features. close-packed structure. Schrodinger equation and its solution for ground state of deuteron. Symmetry operations and classification of 2. Nucleosynthesis and abundance of elements. Parity non-conservation and Wu’s experiment. electromagnetic moment and magnetic dipole moment of deuteron and the necessity of tensor forces. Bethe-Weizs¨ acker binding energy/mass formula. Statistical theory of nuclear reactions and evaporation probability. mass and binding energy. Electroweak theory (2) Elementary ideas of electroweak unification and Standard Model. Tutorials (5) PHY 513: Nuclear and Particle Physics 1. 7. Nuclear structure (7) Liquid drop model. Non-equilibrium Statistical Mechanics (8) Irreversible processes.8. Signficance of the sign of scattering length. Compound nucleus formation and break-up.and 3-dimensional Bravais lattices. parity and symmetry. magnitude of scattering length and strength of scattering. 2. low energy p-p scattering. Partial wave analysis and phase shifts. Quantum mechanical theory. Wigner-Seitz cell. 5. Magnetic dipole moment and electric quadrupole moment. Goldhab er’s experiment. Pion decay. scattering length. conventional unit cell. Big bang nucleosynthesis (3) Qualitative idea of BBN. liquid drop model. Structure of solids (9) Bravais lattice. Selection rules for Fermi and GamowTeller transitions.

experimental methods on the basis of Ewald construction. Outlines of the BCS theory. Luminescence and phosphors. case of rareearth and iron-group ions. Lattice dynamics and Specific heat (6) Classical theory of lattice vibration under harmonic approximation. Band structures in copper. the adiabatic approximation. STM. Cole . Ferroelectricity. Vortex state (qualitative discussions). 2. displacive phase transition. comparison with electronic heat capacity.Cole distribution parameter. longitudinal and transverse relaxation time.application to a simple cubic lattice. classifications of dislocations. Classification of metal. static dielectric constant of gases and solids. Non crystalline solids — Monatomic amorphous materials. 6. Imperfections in solids (6) Frenkel and Schottky defects.calculation of wall thickness and energy. Radial distribution function. ionic. Topology of Fermi-surface. PHY 521: Advanced I Condensed Matter Physics I 1. Van-Vleck paramagnetism and Pauli paramagnetism. Effective mass of an electron in a band: concept of holes. Electron-spin resonance. temperature dependence of saturated magnetisation. Ferromagnetism: Curie-Weiss law. Fundamentals of many-electron system: Hartree-Fock theory (8) The basic Hamiltonian in a solid: electronic and ionic parts. Landau diamagnetism (qualitative discussion). Number of states in a band. Landau Theory of Phase Transition. Flux quantisation. superstructure lines. Dielectric properties of solids (6) Electronic. 7. defects by non stoichiometry. Debye equations. Surface crystallography.Nearly free electron bands. motional narrowing in line width. Heisenb erg’s exchange interaction. Meissner effect. Quantization of orbits in a magnetic field. a. Paramagnetism: classical and quantum theory of paramagnetism. Alloys. GaAs and silicon. Boltzmann transport equation relaxation time approximation. Empty lattice band. destruction of superconductivity by magnetic field. 8. Type-I and type-II superconductors. Ferrimagnetism and antiferromagnetism. 5. spin echo. Superconductivity (6) Phenomenological description of superconductivity . Characteristics of different modes. FIM. Magnetic resonances (4) Nuclear magnetic resonances. electron compounds. Dispersion relations of one dimension lattices: monatomic and diatomic cases. Lattice heat capacity. Tight binding method . Anharmonic effects in crystals . Giaver tunnelling. models of Debye and Einstein.Williams theory. Colour centers and photoconductivity. Optical properties of ionic crystal in the infrared region. paramagnetic resonance. Bloch equation. Heat capacity. Diamagnetism: quantum theory of atomic diamagnetism. Bragg . Inelastic scattering of neutron by phonon. semiconductor and insulator. Electronic band structures in solids . 4. Complex dielectric constant and dielectric losses. and orientational polarization. Dielectric modulus.c. electrical conductivity of ionic crystals. 3.c. High Tc superconductors (information only). relaxation time. Real space analysis — HRTEM.thermal expansion. absorption and dispersion. long wavelength limit. Hume-Rothery rules. role of dislocations in plastic deformation and crystal growth. Structure of vitreous silica. Ferromagnetic domains . Cases of distribution of relaxation time. cyclotron resonance — de Haas-van Alphen effect. Sommerfeld theory of electrical conductivity. and d. The Hartree-Fock (H-F) theory: the H-F 10 . Magnetic properties of solids (9) Origin of magnetism. quenching of orbital angular momentum. Electron and neutron scattering by crystals (qualitative discussion). energy gap and isotope effect. Band theory of solids (6) Bloch equation. Graphene. Extra specific heat in alloys. Singleparticle approximation of the many-electron system — single product and determinantal wave functions. Hyperfine field. order-disorder phenomena. Josephson effect.occurrence of superconductivity. matrix elements of one and two-particle operators.

Stoner’s criterion for metalic ferromagnet. Roton spectrum and specific heat calculation. Hubbard Model. Disordered systems (8) Disorder in condensed matter — substitutional. Superconductivity (8) Electron-electron interaction via lattice: Cooper pairs. 4.and antiferromagnetism. Screening and Plasmons. Behaviour of nuclei at high-spin. Matrix elements. 2. qualitative discussion of cfp. super exchange. Microscopic theory (11) Occupation number representation. 3. exchange interaction and exchange hole. Perturbation: theoretical calculation of the ground state energy. Wigner’s result at high density. BCS model. the H-F ground state energy. Creation and annihilation operators. Ginzburg-Landau theory and London equation. Two fluid model. diagonalization). VMI and anharmonic vibrator models. Origin of the exchange interaction. Multipole expansion. Josephson effect. indirect exchange and itinerant exchange. Direct exchange.and long-range order. single-particle energy levels. BCS theory. 11 . mobility edge. Experimental observation of plasmons. (d) Nilsson model. Critical velocity. Minimum Metallic Conductivity. 3. Short. Selected topics (5) Mott transition. γ -decay (8) Interaction of electromagnetic field with nuclei. positional and topographical disorder. Wick’s theorem. Measurement of magnon spectrum. Anderson model. Basic idea of an actual calculation (seniority scheme. low-density limit and Wigner interpolation formula. One and two-body operators. Nuclear Structure 1. the ground state energy. (e) Nuclei far away from the stability valley: Drip line. Ordered magnetism of valence and conduction electrons. Parity and angular momentum selection rules. The interacting free-electron gas: Quasi electrons and Plasmon (8) The H-F approximation of the free electron gas: exchange hole. “Novel High Temp erature” superconductors. (b) Collective model (especially for odd-A nuclei): Coupling of particle and collective motions. 2. Angular distribution and directional correlation orientation ratio. Transition and Bose-Einstein condensation. Spin-waves in lattices with a basis — ferri. Spin-waves in ferromagnets — magnons. 5. Bogoliubov transformation — notion of quasiparticles. The occupation number representation: the many electron Hamiltonian in occupation number representation. Extremely neutron rich nuclei. 6. Qualitative application of the idea to amorphous semiconductors and hopping conduction 7. Type II superconductors — characteristic length. Meissner effect. spontaneous magnetisation. β and γ bands (rotational).equation. Hartree-Fock approximation and HF equations. thermodynamics of magnons. Kondo effect. Transition probability within single particle model. Superheavy nuclei. (c) Phenomenological description of collective degrees of excitations. Ko opman’s theorem. Correlation energy — difficulty with the second-order perturbation theoretic calculation. Ground state. Nuclear Models (25) (a) Nuclear shell model: Individual particle model. Spin-spin interaction: Magnons (8) Absence of magnetism in classical statistics. Atomic correlation function and structural descriptions of glasses and liquids. Cohesive energy in metals. Superfluidity (5) Basic Phenomenology.

Lambs self-consistency equations. Anderson’s model of ideal heterojunction. Strained quantum well laser. Polarization of the medium. Inclusions of decay phenomena. Density matrix equations. Steady state power. Quark degrees of freedom (6) Introduction to quark degrees of freedom. Step index planar waveguide. 10. Quantum wire laser. Maser operation. Dressed state picture. Modal analysis for a step index fibre. Leaky modes. Masers (3) Ammonia beam maser. ?-pulse. Optical Bloch equations. Bag model at finite temperature and equation of state. 6. Super lattices and ballistic injection devices. (b) an n-type wide band-gap semiconductor and a p-type narrower band-gap semiconductor. Quantum Semiconductor Laser (3) Light amplification in quantum well. Scalar wave equation and modes of the fibre. Parallel and Perpendicular Transport in Quantum Structures (6) High field electron transport — Hot electrons in quantum structures. Vector model of density matrix. Energy levels. SL(2. Lorentz Group (5) Continuous and discrete transformations. (b) Density matrix. Semiclassical laser theory (7) Electromagnetic field equations. Electrons in quantum structures (6) Energy level and wave functions for quantum well. 9. Phenomenological Bag model. Rotating wave approximation. Blue quantum well laser. Rate equation for density matrix.4. quantum wire and quantum dot. Proper and improper Lorentz Transformations. Modulation bandwidth. 5. Group structure. Multiple quantum well. Electro-optic effect in quantum structures (3) Franz-Keldysh effect in Semiconductor. Exact Rabi Solution in the strong field. Hole burning. Quasi modes. Modes characteristics for a planar waveguide. 8. 4. Electro-optic effect in quantum wells. Super lattice: The concept of a super lattice.C) representations. The Bloch sphere. Rabi flopping. (c) wide and lightly doped narrower band gap n-type semiconductors. Semiconductor Laser (6) Homojunction laser: Population inversion at a junction. Electro-optic effect in super lattice. Analysis of carrier confinement in a single heterojunction laser. Emission spectra. Radiation modes. (b) Propagation in optical fibre. Guided wave optics (5) (a) Waveguide modes. Single mode operation. Non-linear effect in polarization. Density of states for quantum well. Maxwell equations in inhomogeneous media: TE modes and TM modes. Quantum Field Theory 1. 12 . Guided modes. Poincare group. 2. Quantum Transistor (6) Resonant-tunneling unipolar and bipolar transistor. Heterojunction laser: Single and double heterojunction laser. Quantum Electronics 1. quantum wire and quantum dot. Kronig-Penney model of a super lattice — zone folding. Basic idea of confinement. Methods for population inversion. 3. Heterojunction: Formation of ideal heterojunctions between (a) a p-type wide band-gap semiconductor and an n-type narrower band-gap semiconductor. Numerical aperture. Expansion in normal modes of a cavity. Coupling between quantum wells. Modulation — doped quantum well. Coherent interactions of a radiation field and an atomic system (5) (a) Induced resonant transitions. Double barrier resonant-tunneling structures. Frequency pulling and pushing. Velocity modulation and quantum interference transistor. 7. The basic semiconductor laser. Pulse dispersion in fibres. Tight binding approximation for a super lattice.

Atomic displacement and melting point. Energy levels and density of states in a magnetic field. Calculation of self-energy of scalar in φ4 theory using cut-off or dimensional regularization. Degree of divergence. Charge conjugation and Parity on scalar. Free carrier absorption in semiconductor. magnetoresistance for open orbits. Polariton dispersion. Asymptotic freedom. Frequency distribution function. Comparison with conventional wave function approach. cyclotron resonance. surface and interface modes. Bilinear covariants.Waller factor. Classical theory of magneto-resistance. Thomas-Fermi approximation and beyond. Occupation number representation of the lattice Hamiltonian. incommensurate structure.Franz law. Higher dimensional space. Thermal conductivity in insulators. Mandelstam variables and use of crossing symmetry. Canonical quantization of free fields (9) Real and complex scalar fields. Phonon phonon interaction. 5. QED (9) Feynman rules. Dielectric function for ionic lattice. Optical properties of solids (10) Kramers . The Wiedemann . Moeller. Interband transition . PHY 522: Advanced II Condensed Matter Physics II 1. scattering cross section for one phonon. Normal coordinates and phonons.2. Kohn-Sham Equation. Symmetry consideration of eigen vectors. Diffraction from Fibonacci lattice. 5. approximate translational and rotational symmetry of two-dimensional Penrose tiling. Feynman diagrams. 4. Quasicrystals: general idea. 4. Soft mode and Ferroelectricity. Electrical conductivity of metals impurity scattering. non-abelian gauge theories.Kaner resonance. optical properties of metals. QCD (introduction). multi phonon processes. Frequency variation close to the critical points. loss spectroscopy. Fibonacci lattice. Density Functional Theory (8) Basics of DFT. 6. Basic idea of regularization and renormalization. Maxima.Kronig relations. Azbel . Hall effect and magnetoresistance in two-band model.crystal field splitting. Coherent and incoherent scattering. 3. Covariant perturbation theory. Neutron diffraction by lattice vibrations. K-space analysis of electron motion in a uniform magnetic field. de Haas van Alphen effect. Symmetry in crystals (9) Concepts of point group. 6. Dirac field. electromagnetic field. Interacting fields (6) Interaction picture. 3. Decay and scattering kinematics. Dielectric function for free electron gas. S-matrix. Dirac and electromagnetic fields. Gauge theories (10) Gauge invariance in QED. transverse and longitudinal modes. Debye . Lattice vibrations in a monatomic simple cubic lattice.direct and indirect transition. Sum rules. minima and Saddle points. Lattice dynamics (10) Classical theory of lattice vibrations in 3-dimensions under harmonic approximation. Compton. Practical DFT in a many body calculation and its reliability. Crystal symmetry space groups. 2. Frank-Casper phase in metallic glass. Hohenberg-Kohn Theorem. Bhabha. Dispersion relation: accoustical and optical. Landau diamagnetism. Spontaneous symmetry breaking. Quantum Hall effect. Electronic properties: I (6) The Boltzmann transport equation and relaxation time. Laser Physics 13 . Example of actual calculations: Rutherford. e+ e− → µ + µ − . Higher order corrections (6) One-loop diagrams. Projection operators. Symmetry and degeneracy . Mossbauer effect. Thermo-electric effects. skin effect and anomalous skin effect. Electronic properties: II (7) Electronic properties in a magnetic field. Wick’s theorem. Kramer’s degeneracy. Point groups and Bravais lattices. Higgs mechanism. Thermal conductivity. ideal resistance at high and low temperatures. U processes.

Multimode electromagnetic field. A moving two-level atom in traveling wave. Magnetic susceptibility. Quantization of the radiation field (10) Background and importance. Dipole force. Mechanical effects of light (4) Dynamics of an atom in a laser field. spontaneous emission. Evaporative cooling. Kinetics of Spinodal decomposition. Saturation phenomena. Radiation pressure force. Free energy of compositional fluctuations. Three-level systems with two laser fields: concepts and approach. Photon number states and eigenvalues. Free classical field. Generation of second harmonic. Diffusion in substitutional alloys: Kirkendall effect. Quantization of electromagnetic field. Sub-Doppler cooling: Sisyphus cooling. mechanism. effect of doping. 5. Interfacial coherency and the shape of precipitates.1. Optical molasses. charge ordering. Hanbury-Brown Twiss experiments. Light forces on atoms. Wave equation for nonlinear optical media. Variation of diffusion constant with temperature. diffusion controlled growth. Intensity dependent refractive index. comparison with GMR. Physical properties of materials (6) Tensor Properties of Materials. The intensity interferometer. Observation of condensate. Diffusionless transformations: Ordering. Physical significance. Lamb shift Classical electromagnetic field. Experimental techniques. 4. Photon antibunching: Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Surface energy and nanostructured materials. Colossal magneto-resistance (CMR): basic properties and phase diagram. Magnetic trap. Diffusion in solids: activation energies and fast diffusion paths. Lamb dip. Laser Spectroscopy (15) Physical Effects of Strong Fields on Atomic Matter: Basic concepts of light-induced effects on atomic matter. 3. Spinodal decomposition: Spinodal curve. Ostwald ripening. Giant magneto-resistance (GMR): basic properties. Kubo Greenwood formalism. the martensite transformation (basics only). Phase matching considerations. Doppler cooling limit. Super-Poissonian light: Thermal light and chaotic light. 2. Optical potential. Second order coherence. Trapping and Bose-Einstein Condensation (10) Doppler cooling. Cooling of an atomic beam. Wigner-Weiskopf theory of spontaneous emission. 2. Optical susceptibility tensor. recrystallization. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation. Hole burning. Optical rectification. Onsager’s principle. Stress and Strain – effect of crystal symmetry. Coupled wave equation for sum frequency generation. Atom-field interactions (first-order perturbation theory and Rabi solution). Interaction picture. The Hall effect – axial third rank tensor. Rate laws for different growth geometries and coarsening – Avrami Equation. crystal field 14 . 3. Parametric amplifier and oscillation. 6. Magnetoresistance. Materials Physics 1. Nonlinear interactions of light and matter (7) Nonlinear polarization of the medium. Application — spin valves and spin switches. Inclusion of phenomenological aspects of population and depopulation in a two-level system. Magneto-resistance and its application (6) Ordinary and anisotropic magneto-resistance. First-order coherence. Phase transition in materials (9) Thermodynamics and phase diagrams: Kinetics vs. Thermoelectric effect in crystals. Antibunched light. Sum frequency and difference frequency generation. Sub-Poissonian light. Theoretical understanding – Double exchange mechanism. Theoretical overview of Bose-Einstein Condensate. Coherent light. Magneto-optic trap. mechanism. Bunched light. A stationary two-level atom in a standing wave. thermodynamics: Role of interface energy. Optical fluctuations and Coherence (4) Coherent light: Poissonian photon statistics. Significance of creation/annihilation operators and electric field operator. relationship to symmetry. Photon bunching and antibunching. Tensor representation of electrical and thermal conductivity. A moving two-level atom in a standing wave. Interface controlled vs. Ficks 2nd law: specific solutions to time dependent diffusion problems. stimulated absorption and emission. Recoil cooling limit. Optical trap. Generation of third harmonic. Experimental realization. Thermal expansion. Quadrupole trap. Self-focussing. structure-tolerance factor. heat flow in crystals. Laser Cooling. The effect of interfacial curvature on equilibrium-Grain growth.

Diffraction contrast to image defects. Identification of phases. Defect: Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. Collisions near the Fermi velocity. Experimental characterization techniques (10) Structure: X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. Carbon nanotubule based electronic devices. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Excitation functions. defect property correlation. Phase shifts. Plane-wave and distorted-wave Born series. Ultra relativistic nuclear collisions: Phase diagram of nuclear matter. Intensities of reflections. Elementary electronic properties and band structure. Synthesis. Nuclear Astrophysics (a) Thermonuclear reactions (5): Reaction rates. Classical force fields. Super-heavy nuclei. Compound nuclear reactions : Statistical model. Computational methods in Materials Physics (10) Quantum mechanical modeling of materials: Hartree Fock and Density Functional Theory. Coulomb excitation. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of velocities. Deep inelastic collisions. Collisions near the speed of light: Classifications of reactions and products. electron phonon coupling. Reaction mechanisms: Energy and time scales for direct and compound reactions. Plane Wave based DFT calculations. Recent developments. Nonresonant and resonant reactions. (b) Models for nuclear reactions (8): Direct reactions: Optical Model: From Hamiltonian to cross sections for elastic scattering. Nuclear density. Hybrid Quamtum Mechanics Molecular Mechanics (QM-MM) method. Nuclear Reactions (a) Introduction: Survey of reactions of nuclei (2): Strong. Forward and reverse reactions. Usual properties of Graphene – Dirac Fermion. Density of States. Simplified Approaches to the electronic problem: Tight binding methods. Angular distributions. transfer reactions. Spectroscopic factors. Strain and crystallite size. Penrose lattices and their extensions in 3 dimensions. Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics. Green functions methods: T-matrix expression. Experimental observables: Cross sections — definitions and units. defect analysis from PAL spectroscopy. Angular distributions. Effects of disorder. Selected area diffraction patterns. Basis Sets: Plane Waves and Augmented Basis sets. Two potential formula. Fusion. electromagnetic and weak processes. Atomistic modeling of materials: Many body Classical potentials. Graphene and Carbon Nano Tube – Structure.splitting and Jahn-Teller distortion. Electric B (Ek) and nuclear deformations. Mass energy distribution of fission fragments. Asymptotic normalization constant (ANC). Low energy behaviour and astrophysical S-factors. One level formula. Morphology: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Optical potential. (d) Nuclear Fission (4): Spontaneous fission. single wall and multiwall carbon nanotube. Scattering amplitudes. Fission isobars. Partial waves. Thermal effects on diffraction patterns. Atomic Pseudopotentials. 6. R-matrix methods: Dispersion theory. BohrWheeler theory. Elastic scattering. formation and characterization. (e) Reactions involving exotic nuclei (1) 2. Fibonacci sequence. Energy-dispersive and wavelength – dispersive spectrometry. 15 . Special carbon solids: Fullerene. Gamow peak. 5. Connection with nuclear structure: Reference to folded potential. Monte Carlo and Molecular dynamics simulations. Application – Magnetoresistive devices 4. Types of reactions and Q-values. S-matrix and its symmetry and reciprocity. Nuclear Reaction and Nuclear Astrophysics 1. (c) Heavy Ion collisions (6): Collisions near the Coulomb barrier: Semiclassical concepts. Inelastic excitation. Exotic solids (9) Aperiodic solids and Quasicrystals.

Semiconductor Technology (5) Preparation of semiconductor materials: different crystal growth methods. Stellar structure (3): Classical stars. diffusion and ion implantation process. scaling. B-factories. Experimental techniques (8) Experimental signature of different nuclear reactions: compound nucleus and direct reaction. 2. γ -ray detection: different detector characteristics. types of MOSFET. electron-hadron DIS. Non-equilibrium conditions. relaxation effects. experimental tests. Basic device characteristics. 3. absence of tree-level FCNC in the Standard Model. oxidation. related field effect devices. sum rules. mobility behavior. structure functions. epitaxial growth. space charge neutrality. subthreshold region. Quantum Hall effect. diffusion constant and lifetime of minority carriers.Molecular beam epitaxy. VMOS. microwave performance. r-. Flavour physics (8) Quark mixing. General characteristics. MOSFET and CCD (8) Surface charge in MOS-capacitors. neutron detection using pulse shape discrimination technique. s.Hall coefficient and magnetoresistance. arbitrary charge distribution. buried channel CCD. CP violation. threshold shift. basic CCD structure.(b) (c) (d) (e) Big Bang nucleosynthesis (3): He production. Neutrino experiments. subthreshold current. Solid State Electronics 1. negative differential mobility. He burning. synthesis . electromagnetic form factors. Charged particle: detection and identification using particle telescope and time of flight measurement. Electroweak Theory (9) Gauge boson and fermion masses. space charge in semiconductors. Core collapse. experimental determination of mobility. Hadron structure and QCD (15) Elastic e-p scattering. polarization measurement. Capacitance voltage characteristics of MIS structure. Production of nuclei. strain for lattice mismatch. Solar and atmospheric neutrino anomalies. 3. temperature dependence. surface states. LHC. Einstein relation. Neutrino physics (6) Theory of two-flavour oscillation. evaluation of level structure. expressions for mobility and diffusion constant. FAMOS.field dependent mobility. oscillation in K and B systems. metal organic chemical vapor deposition. calculation of decay widths of muon and π + . Abundance of light elements. 6. linear and saturation regions. 5. effect of strain on band structure. the CKM matrix. pinning of Fermi level. pseudomorphic layer. interface trapped charge. heterostructures. The India-based Neutrino Observatory. scaling violation. neutrino production. neutral current. JFET and MESFET (5) Family tree of FET: Basic device characteristics of FET. 4. lifetime measurement.uniform charge distribution. charge storage. Higgs physics. short channel effects. Particle Physics 1. jet production in e+ e− collision. 2.and γ -processes. Foundation of Solid State Electronics (8) Boltzmann Transport Equation. Hayens Shockley experiment. HEP experiments (2) Relative merits and demerits of e+ e− and hadronic colliders. temperature dependence of mobility. Be bottleneck. two region model and saturated velocity model. Degenerate stars. ambipolar effects. charge storage and frequency response. Calculation of FB asymmetry in e+ e− → µ + µ − and decay widths of W and Z bosons (only at tree-level). Advanced nuclear burning. Stellar nucleosynthesis (4): Abundance of elements. Low energy weak interactions (5) Fermi theory. 16 . magnetotransport . kinetics of growth. recombination of electron hole pairs: Direct recombination. Kinetics of traps and recombination centers. 3. LEP. Charge coupled devices (CCD). Nuclear burning in stars (6): H burning. Reasons for looking beyond the electroweak theory. 4. continuity equations.

Hydrostatic equilibrium. Christoffel symbols. Riemann curvature. electron confinement . Cluster beam evaporation. Constituents of the universe. core . etc. stack and subroutine. Landauer formula. Mass luminosity relation. Elements of General Relativity (12) Curved space-time. molecular electronics. instruction set. Aharonov . surface electron density. Sources of stellar energy: gravitational collapse. quantized conductance. Dip pen nanolithography.strong and weak limit. interaction between galaxies. counting and indexing-counters and timing delays. Jeans mass. VLS growth method.Coulomb blockade. Measurement of mass through different types of binary systems.Bohm effect. Kondo effect in nanostructures. equations of stellar structure. Chandrasekhar limit. depletion width and capacitance. conductance behavior of quantum point contact. Radiation and matter-dominated phases. Red shift and expansion. Big bang theory. effects of confinement. Microcontact printing.processes.and s. structure and formation. Friedmann cosmology.5. Equation of geodesic. Ball milling. neutron stars 4. 17 . inversion layer. Self assembled mono layers. Eotvos experiment and the equivalence principle. PHY 523: Elective Astrophysics and Cosmology Part A: Astrophysics 1. fusion reactions (p-p chain. Scaling relations. Neutrino temperature. Measurement of other properties such as velocity. writing assembly language programs: looping. Demultiplexing the address bus generating control signals. chemical bath deposition with capping techniques.shell and epitaxial structures in one dimension. Nanostructures (a) Physics of Nanostructures (5) Different form of nanostructures. Part B: Cosmology 1. Phase coherence. spectroscopic parallax. radius. extension to 8086 CPU. triple α reactions). Measurement techniques (3) Distance measurements in astronomy: Various methods. Absolute and apparent luminosity. ΛCDM Cosmology (13) Hubble’s observation and expanding universe. Einstein equations. Pulsars. single electron transistor (SET). Active galactic nuclei and quasars. memory-I/O interfacing devices. Architecture BUS timings. Bottom up: Atom manipulation by SPM. (b) Techniques for nanostructure fabrication (4) Top down: UV and electron beam lithography.Band bending. edge states . temperature. Evolution of Stars (13) Observational basis. Evolution of low-mass and high-mass stars. subband. Landauer Buttiker formula for multileads. White and brown dwarfs. Harvard system of classification. Dark matter and dark energy (as a nonzero cosmological constant). electronic properties of Graphene and amorphous silicon. 7. density of states. Quantum transport in nanostructures (8) Ballistic transport. r. Early universe and decoupling. density of states for 1-d system. Coulomb diamond. addressing modes. FRW geometry and the expanding universe. 2-d electron gas in triangular well. experimental techniques for nanostructure characterization. illustrative programs. spherical well. CNO cycle. exciton. 3. Galaxies (6) Types. quantum size effect. Ion beam deposition. Spectral Classification of Stars (3) Saha’s equation. stellar nucleosynthesis and formation of heavy elements. 8085 CPU.explanation of Quantum Hall effect. Single electron transport . Hetrostructures . Schwarzschild geometry and black holes. 6. 1-d and 0-d nanostructures. 2. protostars. Synthesis of nanowires. 2. idea of 2-d. nanowire based devices. Microprocessors (9) Introduction to microcomputers.

Wicks theorem. General Theory of Relativity 1. Inflation and the slow-roll model. Application: weakly interacting Bose gas. Creation and annihilation operators. Zero temperature (ground state) formalism (12) Time ordering. Polymer liquid crystals. Feynman diagrams: coordinate space and momentum space.Cosmic microwave background radiation. the invariant volume element. Levi-Civita symbol. Symmetries of the curvature tensor. 18 . contraction and quotient laws. General coordinate transformations and the general covariance of physical laws. Isometries and Killing vectors. closed forms. Ergosphere. Radar echo delay. Schrodinger. Introduction (5) Many particle Hilbert space. Commutator and Lie derivative. smectic and cholesteric phases. Einstein’s Equations (10) Energy-momentum tensor and conservation laws. Bending of light. gravitational radiation. Black holes. Many Body Theory 1. Finite temperature formalism (elementary discussion) (10) Temperature Greens functions for free particles. Tensor densities. Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkov equation. Wicks theorem. Collapse of stars. Measurement of nematic order parameter by NMR. Curvature tensor. Dyson equation. Geometrical Basis (18) Contravariant and covariant vectors. fields. Singularity theorems of Hawking and Penrose. Goldstone theorem. Bianchi identities. Newtonian approximation. Covariant derivatives. Dyson equation. Different molecular order-nematic. Space-time curvature. Weyl’s postulate and the cosmological (Copernican) principle. transformation to momentum space. 2. Greens functions for bosons (8) Lehmann representation. Robertson-Walker metric. Parallel transport and the affine connection. Application: degenerate electron gas. Christoffel connection on a Riemannian space. Hilberts variational principle. many particle wave function. Zero temperature Greens function in Fermi systems (15) Hartree-Fock approximation. X-ray analysis of unoriented and oriented liquid crystals. 5. Linearised field equations. The Equivalence Principle (2) Non-inertial frames and non-Euclidean geometry. Motion of perihelion of Mercury. Geodesics. and relic abundance problems. Feynman diagrams: coordinate space and momentum space. its isotropy and anisotropy properties. Anisotropies. Tangent vectors and 1-forms. 3. Metric tensor. Application: imperfect Fermi gas. horizon. Equation for geodesic deviation. spherically symmetric space-time. Gell-Mann Low theorem. 2. Simple Solutions and Singularities (20) Static. Kerr metric. Greens functions: Lehmann representation. Flatness. Feynman diagrams: coordinate space. Gravitational waves. Schwarzschild’s exterior solution. CMBR anisotropy as a hint to large scale structure formation. Reissner-Nordstrom metric. Kerr-Newman metric. Interaction representation. Gravitational energy-momentum pseudotensor. 4. 4. WMAP and Planck experiments. Quantum ideal gases: thermodynamic properties. Raychaudhuri equation. Physics of Liquid Crystals 1. Structure and classification of mesophases (5) Thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals. COBE. Wedge product. Tensors: product. vorticity and shear. Ring diagrams. Gravitational red shift. Schwarzschilds interior solution. Einstein’s equation. Heisenberg and interaction pictures. scattering from a hard sphere in coordinate space and momentum space. raising and lowering of indices. 3. Recent interests in liquid crystals. Kruskal-Szekeres diagram.

Freederickz’s transition. straight. Beam width and polarisation. (c) Laser — Laser processes. Wave guide tees. agents influencing the pitch. Landau’s theory of phase transition (8) Generalization of Landau’s theory to liquid crystals. Molecular theory of nematic liquid crystals (14) Symmetry and order parameter. Transmission line and waveguide (10) Interpretation of wave equations. Quality factor and Q-value of a cavity resonator. TM and TEM modes. Hybrid integrated circuit formation. Circular waveguide — TE. Elastic continuum theory of liquid crystals (10) General expression of free energy of a deformed nematic liquid crystal. TRAPATT and parametric devices. planar inductor and planar capacitor formation. planar resistor. gyrator. 5. Microwave bridge. 6. circulator. Molecular potential. 8. 9. reflex klystron. Phase diagram of homologous series. Lyotropic liquid crystals (5) Models for different phases. travelling wave tubes and switching tubes. Pockels-Cell. λ/4 section filter. insertion loss. Q-value of a coupled cavity. power transmission. 4. memory construction. The twisted nematic cell. Antenna coupling. Generalized mean field theory. 6. hybrid ring. Component (9) Scattering parameter and scattering matrix. structure and order parameter. de Gennes’ Generalization to smectic phase. Magnetrons. IMPATT. resistance and bandwidth. couplers. Laser modulators. The even-odd effect — Marcelja’s calculation. 3. antenna gain. Derivation of the Onsager equation. tuner and sliding short. Lebhwol-Lasher simulation of N-I transition. Microstrip lines — characteristic impedance. Antenna (6) Transmitting and receiving antennas. 3. Gey-Berne potential. 5. Microwave integrated circuit (5) Materials and fabrication technique. coplanar strip lines and shielded strip lines. ac conductivity. Source (10) Conventional sources – their limitations. resistivity. return loss. 4. 19 . isolator and terminator. Molecular theory of smectic A liquid crystals (5) Symmetry. properties of S-parameter. infrared radiation and sources. (a) Vacuum tube sources — Klystron. 2. Basic principle of liquid crystal displays. shielding coefficient. attenuation and phase. Franck’s elastic constants. Critical fluctuation. magic tee. measurement of frequency. Measurement of dielectric parameters of amorphous solids — dielectric constant. power transmission. MOSFET fabrication. McMillan’s theory. 7. Rectangular wave guide — TE and TM modes. Fourth order and sixth order Landau expansion for studying N-I transition.2. thin film formation. Numerical methods for studying liquid crystal phase transitions (4) Monte-Carlo simulation. Distortion due to external electric or magnetic field. Advantages of liquid crystal displays. mean field description of discotic liquid crystals. Ferrites and Faraday’s rotation. Discotic liquid crystals (2) Symmetry and structure. excitation of modes. folded and broadband dipoles. excitation of modes. single stub and double stub matching. Hard rod model of N-I phase transition. biomembrane. Gunn. Microwave 1. Nematic–isotropic (NI) phase transitioni — Maier-Saupe theory. Measurement (10) Smith chart. FWCFA and Gyrotrons. Measurement of microstrip line parameters. loss and Q of microstrip lines. Distribution function. solution of Onsager equation in a simple case. Twisted nematic crystal and cholesteric liquid crystal displays. (b) Microwave transistors and FETs. Antenna dipoles. Liquid crystal displays (2) Optical properties of on ideal helix.

Kawasaki dynamics. graphical analysis.continuous and discrete. Fixed points and stability. relevant. Conserved Ising model . (c) Bifurcations in one dimensional systems and their classifications. Nonlinear Dynamics 1. first order and continuous phase transitions and critical points. Critical dynamics (introduction only). scaling hypothesis etc: Classical models of the cell Hamiltonian. Alternative definition of RG: Momentum shell renormalisation group (MSRG). (iv) Infinite range Ising model: equivalence to mean field theory. definition of RG. breakdown of MFT for dimensions less than 4. block hamiltonian and Kadanoff transformation. Single spin-flip Glauber model. recursion relations and fixed point. flow diagrams. 2. self similarity and fractals. MSRG in Gaussian model. critical exponents. Quantum Ising Model (5) Introduction. scaling field. critical exponents. order of dynamical system. scale transformation and dimensional analysis. Existence and uniqueness of solutions. Gaussian approximation for T < Tc and T > Tc — partition function and thermodynamics. scaling and hyperscaling relations. expression for T by duality transformation. (b) Mean field theory in ferromagnetic systems. irrelevant and marginal parameters. Introduction. Phase transitions and critical phenomena (27) (a) Basic themes: Liquid-gas and uniaxial ferromagnetic phase transitions. Potentials. correlation length and statement of scaling hypothesis. (ii) One dimensional Ising model under external field by transfer matrix method (including the two spin correlation function). rheonomous and autonomous systems. Roughening transitions in interfaces — scaling relations. universality. 20 . critical exponents. (c) Beyond mean field theory: Landau theory of phase transitions. Relaxation. critical exponent. (e) Renormalisation group: Real space renormalisation group (RSRG): Motivation. driven pendulum analogue. Terminology and applicability (13) (a) General idea of dynamical system. Introduction to some other kinds of phase transitions: Percolating systems — geometric phase transition. (v) Ising model in the continuum limit. (vii) Principles of computer simulation of Ising model by Monte Carlo algorithm and molecular dynamics. Classical Ising model (18) (i) Definition of the Ising model. Flows on the Circle : Possibility of oscillations. application to binary alloy and lattice gas. behaviour of thermodynamic functions near the critical point. (iii) Two dimensional Ising model under zero external field: High and low temperature expansion. (b) One-dimensional systems: Flows on the line. linear stability analysis. 3. Equivalent circuit and damped. convexity properties. scaling dimension. (vi) Kinetic Ising model: Stochastic Dynamics. Critical phenomena in finite systems: finite size scaling ansatz. (d) Block spin transformation. Superconducting Josephson Junction. Impossibility of oscillations in one dimension. exact calculations for random deposition model. mean field approximation for arbitrary dimension. (f) Applications of RG: (a) Thermodynamic phase transitions: Decimation in one dimensional Ising model. (b) Percolation: RSRG in square and triangular lattices. Imperfect bifurcations and catastrophes. LandauGinzburg hamiltonian (φ4 theory).Selected Topics of Statistical Mechanics 1. Solving on the computer. Transverse Ising Model: Duality transformation and exact solution for the energy eigenvalues.

Symmetry and order parameter. 3. Interferometry with Michelson’s and Jamin’s interferometer. 5. Association colloids : amphiphiles. 5. Macromolecules (10) Polymer : random walk polymer. Numerical methods for studying soft matter (4) Lattice models. Two-Dimensional Flows (12) (a) Linear Systems and classification. gradient systems. PHY 414. 5. Boussinesq aproximation. Generalization of Landau’s theory to liquid crystals. Polymorphism of liquid crystal states by low molecular mass double stranded DNA complexes. Colloidal systems (8) Dispersion colloids : Stability and forces. biological membranes. Dulac criterion. Poincare-Bendixson theorem. (b)Lyapunov function. Nonlinear systems: linearization and Jacobian matrix. Introduction (2) Introduction to soft matter systems : liquid crystals. Chain rotational isomerism. Liapunov exponent. macromolecules. Rayleigh-Benard convection : basic equations. Spectrophotometry — Absorption of biomolecules — study of melting. 4. 6. Atomic emission spectroscopy. micells and critical micelle concentration in colloidal solution. 4. (c) Bifurcations in two dimensions: Hopf Bifurcation-super and subcritical. DNA condensation in water-polymeric solution. Marcelja’s molecular field theory to study different phases and the even-odd effect. 3. biological systems. Molecular absorption spectroscopy. DLVO-theory. chaos. Biological Membranes (6) Bilayer properties. Computational methods. Polymer liquid crystals. gels. colloidal systems. Coarse grain models. Chaos I (10) One dimensional map : Stability. Lienard systems. Baker’s map. Soft Matter Physics 1. Landau’s theory of phase transition. Logistic map : period-doubling route to chaos. limit cycle. biological activity. polymer solutions. Liquid Crystals (20) Structure and classification of mesophases. 2. reversible systems. lyotropic liquid crystals. Analysis of two widely separated time-scales. stability of fixed points and appearence of strange attractors. 3. emulsions and foams. PHY 415 and PHY 424: General Experiments 1. 2. Molecular theories of nematic and smectic liquid crystals. Phase diagram. Gaussian overlap potential. estimation of and from renormalisation arguments 4. self-avoiding random walk polymers. Conservative systems. Henon map : relation with periodically kicked rotator. Acousto-optical effect using piezo-electric crystal and determination of the velocity of ultrasonic wave in liquids. Lorenz map : Stability of fixed points and appearence of strange attractors. Ellipsoidal contact potential. similarity dimension and box dimension. 21 . Quantum Chaos (3) Elementary ideas of quantum chaos. analysis in polar coordinates. DNAs : Flory’s model of DNA condensation. Chaos II (12) Fractals : examples.2.

Study of photo-conductivity of a semiconductor material. Plotting of functions and data. Study of Zeeman effect — determination of e/m. Energy band gap of semiconductor by studying the luminescence spectra. Studies on Diac. Studies on FET and MOSFET. Determination of Lande g-factor by ESR spectroscopy. 31. Revision of numerical methods for integration. 21. 11. Determination of persistence time in a high impedance current source. Study of para-ferromagnetic phase transition. 24. matrix inversion (eigenvalue problem) 22 . 17. 13. Design and study of multivibrators. Hall coefficient of a semiconductor. Energy band gap of a semiconductor by four probe method. 7. Filter circuits: passive and active filters (1st and 2nd order). 14. Study of temperature variation of refractive index of a liquid using hollow prism and laser source. 28. Lande g-factor of electrons.6. Study of plasma density and plasma temperature by glowing discharge method. Determination of phase transition temperatures of a binary liquid crystal mixture at different concentrations. solving simultaneous linear differential equations. 26. 18. 20. PHY 425: Computer Practical Part A 1. interpolation. finding roots of equation. least squares fitting. Verification of Bohr’s atomic theory by Franck Hertz Experiment. 33. 27. Programming with microprocessors. 19. Study of Gaussian and Poisson distributions and error propagation using radioactive source and GM counter. Magnetic parameters of a magnetic material by hysteresis loop tracer. Triac and SCR. Unijunction transistors. 29. using gnuplot 2. Experiments with optical fibers. fitting etc. Calibration of audio oscillator by the method of propagation of sound wave and formation of Lissa jous’ figures. Amplitude modulation and demodulation. X-ray diffraction experiment — Laue spots — determination of Miller indices by gnomonic projection. 30. 10. 8. 32. Determination of e/m of electrons by magnetic focusing method. Experiments with laser — its characteristics. RC network and RC phase shifter. 9. characteristics and use as saw-tooth generator. Use of standard subroutines : (i) Runge kutta method for solving differential equations (example : anharmonic oscillator) (ii) Matrix diagonalisation. Notch filter. 16. Dispersion relation in a periodic electrical circuit: an analog of monatomic and diatomic lattice vibration. 15. Calibration of a condenser and an inductor. 25. 12. 22. 23. 34. solving differential equations (Euler method). 3.

8. 4. 25. 11. Study of materials by Mossbauer spectroscopy and positron annihilation technique. 17. 29. Magnetoresistance and Hall effect at elevated temperatures. Measurement of optical properties of a glass plate by laser Fizeau interferometry. 12. Photoconductivity and deep level transient spectroscopic studies of doped and undoped semiconducting materials. Design of circuits using 555 timer. β particle absorption using GM counting system. 15. Simulating Ising spin systems PHY 515 and PHY 525: Advanced Experiments 1. Differential scanning calorimetry. Integration 3. Experiments on microprocessor (8085). Dielectric constant of insulating and ferroelectric materials at room and elevated temperatures. Design and study of DAC/ADC. 28. 20. 16. 23 . 18. Infrared spectra of Urea. gaussian etc. 22. Study of frequency modulation. Synthesis of thin films samples by thermal evaporation method and determination of its resistance. Fabrication of Current controller for operation of diode laser. Growth of semiconducting and insulating materials and polycrystalline thin films and their characterization. β spectrometry with scintillation detectors and multichannel analysers. Experiments on digital electronics. 10. Random number generation from different distributions: uniform. 2. Optical constants of dielectric and metal films. 23. 5. Study of lifetime of minority carriers of a semiconductor. Study of paramagnetic salts by Guoy’s balance. Experiments and design with OP AMP. γ spectrometry with scintillation detectors and single-channel analysers. 3. Applications in 1. 13. Debye-Scherrer. 7. Study of colour centers and thermoluminiscence of alkali halides. Characterization of Solar cell 30. 9. Laue and rotational X-ray photographs. 24. 26. 21.Part B Monte Carlo methods. α particle absorption using semiconductor detectors and multichannel analyser. Energy spectrum of β rays using 180◦ deflection type magnetic spectrometer. Study of mode characteristics of near infrared diode laser and measurement of atmospheric oxygen absorption. Study of p-n junction diode. Design of astable multivibrator using transistors. 19. random walk problem 2. 27. 6. 14.

J.W.D. Vol. Gupta: Classical Mechanics of Particles and Rigid Bodies S.D.D. Walker : Mathematical Methods of Physics 3. Joag: Classical Mechanics A. Landau and E. Bjorken and S. A.Reitz.R. Arfken: Mathematical Methods for Physicists 2. Spiegel: Theory and Problems of Complex Variables 6. J.J. Churchill and J. Rana and P. 3. Ryder: Network. J. Reference Books PHY 411 : Mathematical Methods 1. 6.W.J. H.W. Modern Problems in Classical Electrodynamics J.W.L.A.D. 9. 2. 8. A. 2.W. Biswas: Classical Mechanics N. Drell: Relativistic Quantum Mechanics F.H.M. Sakurai: Modern Quantum Mechanics P. Lines and Fields 2. Ryder: Electronic Fundamental and Applications 24 .A. Griffiths: Introduction to Electrodynamics L.J. Fundamentals of Plasma Physics PHY 422 : Quantum Mechanics II 1. Joshi: Matrices and Tensors in Physics 8. II J. French: Special Relativity PHY 413 : Quantum Mechanics I 1. Joshi: Elements of Group Theory for Physicists 9. 5. Panofsky and M. P.S. M.C. 5. Brau. Ross: Differential Equations PHY 412 : Classical and Relativistic Mechanics 1. 7.D. R. Determination of precise lattice parameter and grain size of crystalline materials by X-Ray powder diffractometer. Halkias: Integrated Electronics 3. Goldstein: Classical Mechanics K.L. Christy: Foundations of Electromagnetic theory D. 3.K. Phillips: Classical Electricity and Magnetism J.M. 3. Martin: Quarks and Leptons W.I.J. Lahiri and P. Venkatesan: A Text Book of Quantum Mechanics E. S. Mathews and R. Halzen and A.D.V. Bittencourt. Lifshitz: (i) Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (ii) Classical theory of fields C. 2. Pal: A First Book of Quantum Field Theory PHY 423 : Electronics and Instrumentation 1. S.D.N. Merzbacher: Quantum Mechanics Messiah: Quantum Mechanics. Mathews and K.M. Venkatesan: A Text Book of Quantum Mechanics E. 4. Greiner: Relativistic Quantum Mechanics A. Dennery and A. F.C. Jackson: Classical Electrodynamics W. 4. 2. Tinkham: Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics 10.R. J. Schiff: Quantum Mechanics J. 7. Bell: Special Functions for Scientists and Engineers 7. W. Krzywicki: Mathematics for Physicists 4. G. Brown: Complex variables and Applications 5.B. Merzbacher: Quantum Mechanics J. Mathews and K.31. 3. Milford and R. Sakurai : Modern Quantum Mechanics PHY 421 : Classical Electrodynamics 1. L. 4. J. 6. 5.P. Millman and C. 4. Gasiorowicz : Quantum Physics P. M.

Thorne. Herzberg: Spectra of Diatomic Molecules 11. Bhattacharyya: Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices 13. J. Srivastava: Elements of Solid State Physics J. G. M. Ghoshal: Atomic and Nuclear Physics (Vol. 1 and 2 3. Christman: Fundamentals of Solid State Physics A.M.K. Gupta: Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy 13. C. Streetman. F. Molecular and Laser Physics 1. B. Taub and Schilling: Digital Integrated Electronics 10. 4. K. P. Barrow: Molecular Spectroscopy 6. 3. Knoll: Radiation. S.H. 5.J. Svelto: Principles of Lasers 8. Mandl: Statistical Physics H. J. Griffiths: Introduction to Elementary Particles W. 2. Banerjee: Solid State Electronic Devices 7. Shankar: Principles of Quantum Mechanics 4. B. Demtroder: Molecular Physics 10. Kimball: Quantum Chemistry 9. J.P. Huang: Statistical Mechanics F.F. Kennedy: Electronic Communication Systems 5.K. Millman and A. O. Joachain: Physics of Atoms and Molecules 2. R.Y. S.R. Ashcroft and N. Pal: Theory of Nuclear Structure R. Burcham and M. Graybeal: Molecular Spectroscopy 12.S. Ibach and H. W. Eyring. Johnson: Spectrophysics PHY 512 : Statistical Mechanics 1. B. 2) D.C. Dekker: Solid State Physics C. Reif: Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics R. Cohen-Tannoudji. Ghatak: Lasers. Banwell: Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy 5. Nuclear Physics M.G. 5. 7.H. Reich: Microwave Principles 12. J.4. Laloe: Quantum Mechanics vol.D. A. H. Pathria: Statistical Mechanics K. 6. Roy and B.J. 4. Liao: Microwave Devices and Circuits 11. U. Grabel: Microelectronics 6. Thyagarajan and A.J. Litzen and J.P. Laud: Lasers and Non-linear Optics 14.B. 5.E. 3.P. 4. 6. Mermin: Solid State Physics J. N.W. C. 2. 3. Detection and Measurement 8. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics H. Sedra and Smith: Microelectronic Devices 9.D. J.H. Nigam: Nuclear Physics S. H. Theory and Applications 7. Jobes: Nuclear and particle Physics PHY 514 : Solid State Physics 1. Dier. McKelvey: Solid State and Semiconductor Physics PHY 425 : Computer Practical 25 . S.M.K.J.R. and F.B. B.N. 7. Walter and G. Sze: Physics of Semiconductor Devices 14. B. Bransden and C. Callen: Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatics PHY 513 : Nuclear and Particle Physics 1. Boylestad and Nashelski: Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory PHY 511 : Atomic.E. 2. Luth: Solid State Physics: An Introduction to Theory and Experiment J. G. Lilley. Perkins: Introduction to High Energy Physics D.B.

7. 3.M.A. M. A. Itzykson and J. Lahiri and P.A.1.W. Nuclear Structure 1. Svelto: Principles of Lasers 6. Rajaraman: Computer Programming in Fortran IV 2.P. Streetman and S. Martinez-Duart. Ibach and H. M. Parrinello: Collective Effects in Solids and Liquids H. V. Greiner and J. 2.M.K.W.Nuclear Structure C.E. B. Sachs: Solid State Theory A. P. 2.D. Pennathur. Maruhn: Nuclear Models R. Pal: A First Book of Quantum Field Theory F. 5. M. Ziman: Principles of the Theory of Solids C. March and M. Kittel: Quantum Theory of Solids B.Roy and B. 6. Ashcroft and N. 5. Rajaraman: Computer Oriented Numerical Methods 3. Suhara: Semiconductor laser fundamentals 10. S. Luth: Solid State Physics: An Introduction to Theory and Experiments J.D. 4. Love: Introduction to Gauge Field Theory A. Bailin and A. R. Condensed Matter Physics II 1. Bhaduri: Structure of the Nucleus M. 5. Agullo-Rueda: Nanotechnology for Microelectronics and Optoelectronics 3. 3. Bjorken and S.D. 4. Boyd: Nonlinear Optics 8. Solid State Electronic Devices 9.H. O. Mermin: Solid State Physics J. Kochelap and Stroscio: Quantum Heterostructures: Microelectronics and Optoelectronics 2. T. 6. Condensed Matter Physics I 1. Yariv: Quantum Electronics 4. 3.Pal: Theory of Nuclear Structure W. Drell: Relativistic Quantum Fields D.B.R. Feshbach: Theoretical Nuclear Physics Vol. Pines: Elementary Excitations in Solids S. Adams: Nanotechnology: Understanding Small Systems D. 3. Madelung: Introduction to Solid State Theory N. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics 26 .K. Orton: The Story of Semiconductors 12. Rogers.G. Salvadori: Numerical Methods in Fortran PHY 521 : Advanced I A. Mitin. Sze: Physics of Semiconductor Devices 11.M. Martin-Palma. Preston and R. A. Ramond: Field Theory: A Modern Primer C. D. J. Deshalit and H. Raimes: Many Electron Theory O. Bhattacharyya: Semiconductor Optoelectronics Devices 7. Thyagarajan: Optical Electronics 5.K. 7. Zuber: Quantum Field Theory PHY 522 : Advanced II A. Tinkham: Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics M. J. 4. Quantum Electronics 1. Shaw: Quantum Field Theory P. 2.M. Quantum Field Theory 1.B. 5. I . Animalu: Intermediate Quantum Theory of Crystalline Solids N. Schroeder: Quantum Field Theory J. 2. V. Banerjee. Nigam: Nuclear Physics A. Peskin and F. Ghatak and K. McCulloch and M. 4. 6. Mandl and G.O.G. Ziman: Principles of the Theory of Solids C.

Krane: Introductory Nuclear Physics R. Ghatak and K. Sargent III: Elements of Quantum Optics R.T.M. Lamb: Laser Physics S. 2. S. 6.V. R. Fendler: Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films: Preparation.P. Loudon: Elements of Quantum Optics C. Davies: Physics of Low Dimensional Semiconductors J. 8.F. 4. Knoll: Radiation Detection Measurement E. R.P. 4. Metcalf and P.E. Characterization and Applications B. Arny: Explorations. 7. 6. 6. Progamming and Application with 8085/8086 John H.S. Golowich and B. J Rich and M. 6. 3. Close: An Introduction to Quarks and Partons F. E. J. F. 3.A. Meystre: Atom Optics H. C. Grabel: Microelectronics R. 7.V.S.G. Raveau: Colossal Magnetoresistance. Astrophysics and Cosmology 1.J. Donoghue.E. Kolb and M. 5. 2. Nuclear Reactions and Nuclear Astrophysics 1. 2. 3. Scully and W. Zallen: The Physics of Amorphous Solids 3. Materials Physics 1. Weinberg: Gravitation and Cosmology M. 1-3 S. Sargent.E. Thyagarajan: Optical Electronics J. Particle Physics 1.R. Pagel: Nucleosynthesis and Chemical Evolution of Galaxies G. T.Roy and B. Satchler: Introduction to Nuclear Reactions K. 3.L. H. Smith: Introductory Astronomy and Astrophysics D.D. Clayton: Introduction to Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis 27 . Laser Physics 1. Klug and L. 4. Turner: The Early Universe J. Narlikar: Introduction to Cosmology T. Cheng and L.-P. Martin: Quarks and Leptons J. Leader and E. M. Rao and B. Spiro: Fundamentals in Nuclear Physics C Iliadis: Nuclear Physics of Stars B. Banerjee: Solid State Electronic Devices PHY 523 : Elective A. M.R. 5. Alexander: X-ray Diffraction Procedures D. An Introduction to Astronomy M. Charge Density and Related Properties of Manganese oxides 5. Yeomans: Statistical Mechanics of Phase Transitions 6.H. 7. 5.M. Holstein: Dynamics of the Standard Model T. Zeilik and E. Mott and E. G.-F. 4.S. Davies: Electronic Processes in Non-crystalline Materials 4. Solid State Electronics 1. Halzen and A. Predazzi: An Introduction to Gauge Theories and Modern Particle Physics F.N.E. 3. 4.P. Nigam: Nuclear Physics J. 5. C. Streetman and S.E. Straten: Laser Cooling and Trapping P.W. Girvin (editors): The Quantum Hall Effect 7.F. Li: Gauge Theories in Particle Physics E. 2. 5. Padmanabhan: Theoretical Astrophysics.B. Sze: Physics of Semiconductor Devices A.M.O. vols. 2.R. Meystre and M. Gaonkar: Microprocessor Architecture. Millman and A. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics 2. Basdevant. Prange and S. Rowan-Robinson: Cosmology E. Stenholm: Foundations of Laser Spectroscopy P. N.

E.A. Raychaudhuri. Abrikosov et al. Chaotic Dynamics . Mattis: Theory of Magnetism vol. Liao: Microwave Devices and Circuits 2. Hartle: Gravity 11. K. Banerjee: General Theory of Relativity C. 6. 1986.E. Gupta: Microwaves 4. Thorne and J. R. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos (Westview Press. Strogatz. S. 4th Edition) 4. Sze: Physics of Semiconductor Devices 7.9. Landau and E. : Methods of Quantum Field Theory in Statistical Physics D. Royal Signals: Handbook of Line Communication 10. G.M. Reich: Microwave Principles 3.L.A. Herbert J. Ott. Stanley: Introduction to Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena D. Raimes: Many Electron Theory Fetter and Walecka: Quantum Theory of Many Particle System G. General Theory of Relativity 1.Kraus: Antenna E. Deterministic Chaos . Mahan: Many Particle Physics Negele and Orland: Quantum Many Particle System A. Devaney. 4th Edition) 28 . S. Wald: General Theory of Relativity A. Lifshitz: The Classical Theory of Fields C.S.M.L. 2007. M. Selected Topics of Statistical Mechanics 1. 5. Baker and J. 4. D. Yeomans: Statistical Mechanics of Phase Transitions G. 3. J. R.B. Raghubanshi: Microwave Circuits and Passive Device 5. Liddle: An Introduction to Modern Cosmology 10. N. Frazer.J.S. Smith. 3. Narlikar: Lectures on General Relativity and Cosmology S. Many Body Theory 1.D.W. Schuster and W.D. II J.W. H. Just. 1996.M. E. Collins: Foundations of Microwave Engineering 8.B.A.M. Physics of Liquid Crystals 1. J.D. 7. Second Edition) 6. Mercuvitz: Waveguide Handbook 6.P. Priestley. Jordan and P. de Gennes: Physics of Liquid Crystal S. Sheng: Introduction to Liquid Crystals P. Hand: Introduction to Liquid Crystals F. Indian Edition by Levant Books. Second Edition) 5. 2. 4. Sisodia and G. An Introduction to Chaotic Dynamical Systems (Benjamin-Cummings. Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations (Oxford University Press. 4. Second Edition) 3. 5. Dirac: General Theory of Relativity L.C. E. 4. J.An Introduction (Wiley-VCH. Wheeler: Gravitation R. Chandrasekhar: Liquid Crystals P.D. Banerjee and A. Ryder: Network Lines and Fields 9.V.L. Collings and M. Nonlinear Dynamics 1. K. 2002. Telecommunications 11.G. S. Misner. 2.G. 2. Microwave 1. Huang: Statistical Mechanics H. V. 3. J. Wojtowich and P.M. H. Kolkata 2007) 2. 2. Samyel Y. Chaos in Dynamica Systems (Cambridge University Press. Mukhanov: Physical Foundations of Cosmology B. P. W. A. Gollub. 2005. S. K. 3.An Introduction (Cambridge University Press. Weinberg: Gravitation and Cosmology P.J.

Priestley.H.J. 6. 4.G.J.M.Tildesley: Computer Simulation of Liquids.Yevdokimov.Marsh: Phospholipid bilayers:Physical Principles and Models.Allen and D. Wojtowich and P. V. I.W.Salyanov. 7. de Gennes: Physics of Liquid Crystal.P. S. P. E.B.G.Cevc and D. 2. Hard: Introduction to Liquid Crystals. Soft Matter Physics 1.I.J.V. G.Semenov and S. M.Hamley: Introduction to Soft Matter 29 . Collings and M. 3. Y. Sheng: Introduction to Liquid Crystals. P.Skuridin: DNA Liquid Crystalline Dispersions and Nanoconstructions. 5. P.