Adding materials to address an examination requirement Extending to provide additional practice to supplement the book Modify / change content

that suit for target learners

FORMS OF ADAPTATION
Modifying tasks – additional focus by changing activities/exercises Localizing – related to local issues and content/activities suit to specific needs of learners

Reorganizing content – the syllabus/units

suitable activities Level Of proficiency Interests Mother tongue Setting FACTORS INVOLVES IN ADAPTATION OF MATERIALS Contextual Factors learners Motivation Reasons for learning Preferred learning styles Personality Academic and educational level Aptitude Attitudes to learning Whole teaching and learning environment . types of learning.Age – affects topic chosen.

table. etc Resources available – books/papers/audiovisual material/etc The socio-cultural environment Physical environment – nature of building. noise. chairs.etc Time available – over a working year/any one week or term The numbers of pupils and size of the classes .The role of English in the country The role of English in school Procedures for monitoring and evaluating the language teaching programme The teachers – national/institutional level Management and administration FACTORS IN SELECTING MATERIALS The types of test used – formal/informal assessment.

SELECTION AND ADAPTATION OF MATERIAL FORMS OF ADAPTATION FACTORS INVOLVED IN ADAPTATION OF MATERIALS OTHERS FACTORS IN SELECTING MATERIALS .