LPSG Phenomenology

http://www.ucl.ac.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology.htm

PHENOMENOLOGY
Last Updated 26/04/05 BACK TO LPSG CONTENTS 1. The Paper 2. General Reading To gain a general idea of Kant's Philosophy General books on phenomenology 3. Specific Authors Husserl Main Text Additional Texts Secondary Reading Heidegger Main Text Additional Texts Secondary Reading Sartre Main Text Additional Texts Secondary Reading Merleau-Ponty Main Text Additional Texts Secondary Reading

1. The Paper
This paper covers the main philosophers belonging to the school of phenomenology, which began early in the twentieth century with Husserl and was later developed and highly modified (and given its �existential' form) by Heidegger, Sartre and Merleau-Ponty. As with the Nineteenth-Century German Philosophy paper, a broad knowledge of Kant's philosophy is a considerable advantage. Knowledge of the original languages (German, French) is helpful but not necessary. In the exam, students are asked to answer three questions, on at least two of the authors. Most of the questions refer to one philosopher only, but there may be in addition some questions that are general or comparative (students may be asked, for example, to discuss an aspect of Merleau-Ponty's critique of Sartre). As there is a wide range of questions asked on each author, it is sufficient for examination purposes to select two philosophers, and to examine their doctrines, and the arguments for and against them, in depth and detail. However, in view of the fact that Heidegger, Sartre and Merleau-Ponty are responding in large part to their predecessors, a broad knowledge of all the philosophers on the paper is essential for a full understanding of those you choose to study in detail. BACK TO TOP

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Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1982. Hegel. Dermot. Theunissen. Merleau-Ponty. Herbert. Understanding Phenomenology. 1955. Phenomenology and Philosophical Understanding. Christopher. ed. To gain a general idea of Kant's Philosophy Gardner. Tim. and more detailed reading will be required for particular topics. Kant. Sartre. London: Routledge. BACK TO TOP General books on phenomenology Cooper. The Phenomenological Movement: A Historical Introduction. Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge. ed.) *Hammond. Sartre. Paul. 1992. Guyer. The Cambridge Companion to Kant. *Wood. Macann. London: Routledge. 1975. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1982. Specific Authors 2 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM . BACK TO TOP 3. This is of course not an exhaustive list. London: Routledge. The Phenomenology Reader. and R. 1991. A selection from the writings of the phenomenologists: Mooney. (2 nd edn. London: Routledge.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. The most useful books are marked with an asterisk. Nietzsche. and Buber. 3 Vols. Allen.. Mass. Heidegger. Heidegger. 2005. Four Phenomenological Philosophers: Husserl. 3 rd ed. David. Sebastian. Howarth.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. 1984. 2002.ac. 1997. 1999. Oxford: Blackwell. Scruton. Edo. The Other: Studies in the Social Ontology of Husserl. Reprinted in German Philosophers: Kant. Roger. M. 1991. General Reading The following sections offer suggestions for reading and list some of the central topics studied for each philosopher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Keat. Kant. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Michael. *Moran. Pivcevic. Existentialism. 1999. 1993. An Introduction to Phenomenology. 2000. J. Oxford: Blackwell. Spiegelberg. Oxford: Oxford University Press.: MIT Press. Schopenhauer. eds.ucl. The Hague: Nijhoff. and Dermot Moran.htm 2.

A. London: Routledge.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. 1960. Translated by Dorion Cairns. I. New York: Doubleday. and Philosophy and the Crisis of European Man. Kockelmans. Husserl. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. 1. Mass. 1990. 3 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM . 1964. The Hague: Nijhoff. Husserl's account of other minds. Intentionality and Cognitive Science. Churchill. McCormick. Elliston. 1973. Husserl's theory of time-consciousness. Evanston. Edited by P. An Introduction to Husserlian Phenomenology.: MIT Press.ac. Translated by William P. R. ed. A. Ill. The Phenomenology of Internal Time-Consciousness. BACK TO TOP Secondary Reading *Bell. McCormick and F. 1980. Cambridge. 1965. David.. Joseph. Emmanuel.ucl. Brighton: Harvester Press. Marbach. Levinas. 1977. The Theory of Intuition in Husserl's Phenomenology. Translated by Dorion Cairns. 1967. The Hague: Nijhoff.1938) Topics studied include: Husserl's idea of presuppositionless philosophy and relation to Descartes.htm Husserl (1859 . 1981. and P. 1982. Husserl: Expositions and Appraisals. 1960. Dreyfus. Translated by James S. Phenomenology and The Crisis of Philosophy: Philosophy as Rigorous Science. 1964. Pt.. eds. The Hague: Nijhoff. Main Text Cartesian Meditations. Alston and George Nakhnikian. The Hague: Nijhoff. 10. Evanston. 1993. Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. Kern. Elliston. F. H. New York: Harper & Row. and Ch.: Northwestern University Press. BACK TO TOP Additional Texts The Paris Lectures: An Introduction to Phenomenology. and E.. Translated by Quentin Lauer. Husserl. Husserl: Shorter Works.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. Garden City. the phenomenological reduction. First Book. The Hague: Nijhoff. The Idea of Phenomenology. Phenomenology: The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl and Its Interpretation. Bernet.: Northwestern University Press. Ill. L. Husserl's theory of the transcendental ego. ed. Husserl's conception of intentionality and analysis of consciousness.

The Jargon of Authenticity. 1973. 2003. Calif. Heidegger's conception of phenomenology and hermeneutics. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.ac.: Yale University Press. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. *Zahavi. Translated by Theodore Kisiel.htm Pivcevic. 1982. The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Husserl's Phenomenology. London: Hutchinson.. Dordrecht: D. 1981. Translated by John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson. 4 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM . McIntyre. Smith. Theodor. Heidegger's critique of traditional epistemology and metaphysics.ucl. London: Routledge. the later Heidegger. 1959. eds. Edo. Paul. History of the Concept of Time: Prolegomena. edited by D. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. A. Stanford. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Husserl and the Cartesian Meditations. *Smith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1967. BACK TO TOP Secondary Reading Adorno. BACK TO TOP Heidegger (1889 . Ill. An Introduction to Metaphysics. Woodruff Smith. Heidegger's analytic of Dasein. 1978. and D. Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology. Translated by Albert Hofstadter. Reidel. W. Conn. D. D. 2003.: Northwestern University Press. Evanston. Basic Writings from �Being and Time' (1927) to �The Task of Thinking' (1964). Translated by Ralph Manheim. Heidegger's conception of authenticity and account of being-towards-death. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. 1970.1976) Topics studied include: Heidegger's question of Being and distinction of Being and beings/entities. Husserl and Intentionality. New Haven. Husserl and Phenomenology. Oxford: Blackwell. F. 1985. Ricoeur. 1962. and R. BACK TO TOP Additional Texts The Basic Problems of Phenomenology. Meaning and Language. Barry. Translated by Knut Tarnowski and Frederic Will.: Stanford University Press. Dan. Smith. Main Text Being and Time. 1995.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. A Study of Mind. Krell.

: Northwestern University Press. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Olafson.htm Crowell. London: Routledge. New Haven: Yale University Press. Heidegger and the Problem of Knowledge. 1994. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Heidegger and Being and Time. Indianapolis: Hackett.ucl. Sartre's anti-determinism and conception of freedom.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. Rorty. London: Routledge. Young. Hubert. 1978. BACK TO TOP Sartre (1905 . Richard. Stephen Galt. 2000. Sartre's account of the reality of nothingness. Ill. London: Routledge. Vogel. Evanston. London: Routledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Heidegger. Vol. *Dreyfus. 5 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM . Julian. Sartre's theory of consciousness. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Heidegger. 1992.ac. Richard. *Mulhall. Sartre's theory of bad faith and critique of Freud. Mass. 1997. Sartre's ethics. Ill. A Heidegger Dictionary. Essays on Heidegger and Others: Philosophical Papers. ed. 1996. 1991. John. Existential Epistemology: A Heideggerian Critique of the Cartesian Project. *Guignon. George. 1998. Stephen.: Northwestern University Press. Heidegger and the Philosophy of Mind. Part I. Guignon. 1999. Michael. Pattison. emotion. Heidegger and Modern Philosophy: Critical Essays. Lawrence. 1986.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. 1993. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Inwood. 1996. Frederick A. Critical Heidegger. and imagination. Macann. *Inwood. Division I. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1997. Sartre's account of the fundamental project.1980) Topics studied include: Sartre's early theories of the self. ed. Michael. Husserl. 2001. 1983. London: Fontana. Charles. George. *Richardson. Heidegger: An Introduction. 2001. Sartre's account of other minds and theory of interpersonal relations. Michael. and Space of Meaning: Paths Toward Transcendental Phenomenology. Polt. Evanston. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cambridge. The Fragile "We": Ethical Implications of Heidegger's 'Being and Time'. Heidegger's Later Philosophy. The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. Oxford: Blackwell. 1991. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to the Later Heidegger. Murray.: MIT Press. ed. Heidegger. Steiner. Christopher. Charles. Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time.

1994. J. Christina. London: Methuen. Oxford: Blackwell. Sartre: The Necessity of Freedom. Translated by David Pellauer. 1970. Sartre. Translated by Philip Mairet. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 1. Evanston. Existentialism and Humanism. ed. London: Methuen. The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination. Moran and T. Howells. Michèle. King. no 2. London: Routledge. also in D. 2003. London: Routledge. The Transcendence of the Ego: A Sketch for a Phenomenological Description. Klaus. McCulloch. The Phenomenology Reader. Hipparchia's Choice: Aan Essay Concerning Women. 1958. 1991. le Doeuff.: Northwestern University Press. 1992. BACK TO TOP Additional Texts 'Intentionality: a fundamental idea of Husserl's phenomenology'. *Catalano. *Howells. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1992. 2001. John Llewellyn. Sartre's Ontology. etc. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Using Sartre: An Analytical Introduction to Early Sartrean Themes. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 6 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM . The Cambridge Companion to Sartre. A Guide to Heidegger's Being and Time. Barnes. 1980. A Commentary on Sartre's �Being and Nothingness'. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 382-4. P. Christina.htm Main Text Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. Translated by Philip Mairet.. London: Methuen. 4-5. Revised by Arlette Elkaïm Sartre. L. 2004. Notebooks for an Ethics. Ed. London: Routledge.ucl. 1991. 1979. Magda. 2 nd ed. *Hartmann.ac. Arthur C. Translated by J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions. Ill. 1971. Translated by Hazel E. 1989.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. translated by Jonathan Webber. BACK TO TOP Secondary Reading Bell. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. London: Fontana. Albany. Sartre's Ethics of Authenticity. 1973. Philosophy. Caws. introduction by Sarah Richmond. 1988. Gregory. S. Danto. Sartre. Fell. Translated by Andrew Brown. NY: State University of New York Press. Mooney eds. Peter. 1966.

Translated by James M. Sartre. Paul Arthur. Evanston. Merleau-Ponty's account of embodiment (�bodily intentionality'). 1981. Main Text Phenomenology of Perception. Whitford. Morris.: French Forum. 2002. Translated by Colin Smith. 7 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM . Thomas Baldwin (London: Routledge.: Open Court. Basic Writings. Romantic Rationalist. ed. and a topic-based guide to Further Reading. Sartre and His Predecessors: The Self and the Other. Maurice. The Work of Sartre.: Northwestern University Press. William R. 1980. History and Politics. István. Margaret.. 1972. Elliston. London: Methuen. eds. Translated by A. Edie. Jean-Paul Sartre: Contemporary Approaches to His Philosophy. Brighton: Harvester Press. BACK TO TOP Merleau-Ponty (1908 . 1982. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. contains extensive selections from the Phenomenology of Perception.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. Merleau-Ponty's account of intersubjectivity. Revised edn.htm Mészáros. 1968. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Natanson. Murdoch. J. The Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. Schroeder. Iris. (excerpts from) earlier and later writings. Fisher. Merleau-Ponty's critique of empiricism and intellectualism (of 'objective thought'). [NB Maurice Merleau-Ponty. A. Ill. The Primacy of Perception and Other Essays on Phenomenological Psychology. MerleauPonty's account of freedom. La Salle.] BACK TO TOP Additional Texts The Structure of Behaviour. 1953. Cambridge: Bowes and Bowes. 1964. Lexington. *Schilpp. a helpful Editor's Introduction.1961) Topics studied include: Merleau-Ponty's conception of phenomenology. P. 1979. H. Sartre's Concept of a Person: An Analytic Approach. Ken. Merleau-Ponty's account of perception. ed. 1965. New York: Haskell House. Merleau-Ponty's Critique of Sartre's Philosophy. Silverman. 2004). London: Routledge. Merleau-Ponty's relation to empirical psychology.ac. Merleau-Ponty's critique of Sartre.ucl. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Ill. A Critique of Jean-Paul Sartre's Ontology.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. Translated by Alphonso Lingis. The Visible and The Invisible: Followed by Working Notes. Brighton: Harvester Press. 1984. and F. The Philosophy of Art. 1975.

*Langer. BACK TO TOP 8 of 8 2/4/2014 8:32 PM .ucl. An Existentialist Aesthetic: The Theories of Sartre and MerleauPonty. Stewart. 1999.: Northwestern University Press. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ill. Athens: Ohio University Press. NJ: Humanities Press International. 1973. *Priest. The Merleau-Ponty Aesthetics Reader: Philosophy and Painting. Samuel B. eds. Merleau-Ponty's �Phenomenology of Perception': A Guide and Commentary. Stephen. The Cambridge Companion to MerleauPonty. 1962. Matthews. Schmidt. The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. 1993. Evanston. The Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty: A Search for the Limits of Consciousness. Gillan. Garth. Eric. Gary. 1998. and Mark Hansen. Hoeller. Evanston. New Haven: Yale University Press. Madison. 1993. 1989. Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Between Phenomenology and Structuralism. Merleau-Ponty's Philosophy. Kaelin. Johnson. Mallin. 1985. 2002. 1979.ac.htm BACK TO TOP Secondary Reading *Carman. Atlantic Highlands. ed. 1981. 2004. London: Feffer & Simons. Merleau-Ponty and Psychology. Basingstoke: Macmillan. The Horizons of the Flesh: Critical Perspectives on the Thought of Merleau-Ponty.LPSG Phenomenology http://www. Keith. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Eugene. James. ed. Chesham: Acumen. Galen A. Monica M. Taylor. The Debate Between Sartre and Merleau-Ponty.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Phenomenology. Merleau-Ponty. ed. London: Routledge. Ill.: Northwestern University Press. Jon..