CMOS ANALOG IC DESIGN

Spring 2013

Dr. Cuong Huynh
cuonghpm@yahoo.com

Department of Telecommunications Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Ho Chi Minh city University of Technology
Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 1

CMOS ANALOG IC DESIGN
Spring 2013
Instructor: Cuong Huynh (Ph.D) Office: 114 B3 Office Hours: Friday 2:00-4:00 PM Phone: 0915 592 622 E-mail: cuonghpm@yahoo.com Textbook: [1] Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, B. Razavi, McGraw-Hill, 2001. References: [2] Analog Integrated Circuit Design, D. Johns and K. Martin, John Wiley & Sons, 1997. [3] Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, P. Gray, R. Meyer, P. Hurst, and S. Lewis, John Wiley and Sons, 4th Edition, 2003. [4] Technical Papers
Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 2

CMOS ANALOG IC DESIGN
Spring 2013

Objectives:
 Understand CMOS technology from a design perspective  Discuss basic transistor models and layout techniques for design and characterization of analog integrated circuits.  Study the most important building blocks in CMOS technologies and understand their advantages and limitations.  Learn analog CMOS design approaches: Specification ⇒ Circuit Topology ⇒ Circuit Simulation ⇒ Layout ⇒ Fabrication  Design basic analog IC circuits considering practical parameters. Use the IC design tools, especially Cadence, Spectre, Spice, 3 and Matlab. Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT

each student must turn in an independent write-up. However.5x11 note sheet allowed  Homework :10%  You are encouraged to work together with your colleagues on the homework. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 4 .CMOS ANALOG IC DESIGN Spring 2013 GRADING:  Final Exams: 60%  Closed book  One double sided 8.  No late homework will be graded  Laboratory 20%  Final Project 10%  Report and PowerPoint presentation required Dr.

CMOS ANALOG IC DESIGN Spring 2013 OutLine: Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: MOS Transistor Characteristics and Modeling Chapter 3: Single-stage Amplifier Chapter 4: Differential Amplifier Chapter 5: Current Mirror Chapter 6: Frequency Response of Amplifiers Chapter 7: Noise Chapter 8: Feedback Chapter 9: Operational Amplifier Chapter 10: Stability and Frequency Compensation Chapter 11: Bandgap References Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 5 .

CMOS ANALOG IC DESIGN Spring 2013 Lecture 1: Introduction Dr. Cuong Huynh cuonghpm@yahoo.com Department of Telecommunications Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Ho Chi Minh city University of Technology Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 6 .

RF transceivers  Microprocessor circuits (PLL. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 7 . thermal sensor) Dr. MEMS)  Optical receiver.Why is Analog Important?  Naturally occurring signals are analog  Analog circuits are required to amplify and condition the signal for further processing  Performance of analog circuits often determine whether the chip works or not  Examples  Sensors and actuators (imagers. high-speed I/O.

Why Integrated?  What is Integrated Circuits ?  Why Integrated ?  Smaller size. sensor . reduced cost. increased performance.  Motivate creativity and new applications: RFID. . . Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 8 .  Idea of integration was in the late 1950’s.  Prediction of Gordon Moore (one of Intel founder). Dr.

Why Integrated? Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 9 .

 CMOS (Complementary MOS p. Dr. high integration and solution for SOC. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 10 . initiating a revolution in the semiconductor industry.  CMOS initially dominates in the digital circuit/systems while others for analog.Why CMOS?  The metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) was first patented by Julius Edgar Lilienfeld in 1925. well before the invention of BJT.  Due to the fabrication limitation.  Why CMOS now ? Low cost.and n-type device) was patented by Frank Wanlass in 1967. MOSFET has not been used until the early years of 1960s.

CMOS Technology Overview  CMOS Transistors  Interconnect  Diodes  Resistors  Capacitors  Inductors  Bipolar Transistors Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 11 .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 12 .CMOS Technology Overview Transistors Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 13 .CMOS Technology Overview NMOS Transistor Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 14 .CMOS Technology Overview PMOS Transistor Dr.

CMOS Technology Overview Interconnect Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 15 .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 16 .CMOS Technology Overview Diode Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 17 .CMOS Technology Overview Resistor Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 18 .CMOS Technology Overview Capacitor Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 19 .CMOS Technology Overview Inductor Dr.

CMOS Technology Overview Vertical PNP BJT Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 20 .

CMOS Technology Overview Latchup Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 21 .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 22 . Razavi’s Book Dr.CMOS Technology Overview  Read Appendix B.

Analog IC Design Process Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 23 .

Analog IC Design Process Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 24 .

Analog IC Design Process Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 25 .

Analog IC Design Process Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 26 .

Analog IC Design Process Chip Microphotograph (4.4mm x 2mm) Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 27 .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 28 .Analog IC Design Process Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 29 .Analog IC Design Process Small-outline integrated circuit (SOIC) QFN (quad-flat no-leads) Dual in-line package (DIP Wafer-level packaging (WLP) Chip Scale Package (CSP) QFP or Quad Flat Package Dr.

Analog IC Design Process Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 30 .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 31 .breadth (analog only is rare)  Be able to learn from failure  Be able to use simulation correctly Dr.ANALOG IC DESIGN SKILLSET Characteristics of Analog Integrated Circuit Design  Done at the circuits level  Complexity is high  Continues to provide challenges as technology evolves  Demands a strong understanding of the principles. concepts and techniques  Good designers generally have a good physics background  Requires a good grasp of both modeling and technology  Have a wide range of skills .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 32 .ANALOG IC DESIGN SKILLSET Dr.

ANALOG IC DESIGN SKILLSET Implications of Advanced Technology on IC Design The good: • Smaller geometries • Smaller parasitics • Higher transconductance • Higher bandwidths The bad: • Reduced voltages • Smaller channel resistances (lower gain) • More nonlinearity • Deviation from square-law behavior The challenging: • Increased substrate noise in mixed signal applications • Threshold voltages are not scaling with power supply • Reduced dynamic range • Poor matching at minimum channel length Dr. Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 33 .

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 34 .ANALOG IC DESIGN SKILLSET Dr.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 35 . As a consequence. Dr.ANALOG IC DESIGN SKILLSET Complexity in Analog Design Analog design is normally done in a non-hierarchical manner and makes little use of repeated blocks. analog design can become quite complex and challenging.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 36 .Analog IC Applications           Digital-analog and analog-digital conversion Disk drive controllers Modems . Current reading: Chapter 1 and Appendix B chap 16 in Razavi’s Book [1] Dr.filters Bandgap reference Analog phase lock loops DC-DC conversion Buffers Codecs Wireless tranceivers Etc.

Cuong HuynhTelecommunications DepartmentHCMUT 37 . VT  DC I-V Equations  Body Effect  Subthreshold Region Reading: Chapter 2 and Appendix A in Razavi’s Book [1] Dr.Next Time Chapter 2: MOS Transistor Characteristics and Modeling  MOS Transistor Modeling Threshold Voltage.