Chimta Chimta literally means a fire tong shaped tool used in traditional Indian kitchens to fetch Rotis from

clay ovens and roasting pans. The musical version has brass jingles attached to the tong. It is mostly used in Punjabi folk songs and dances. Punjabi Shabad (an equivalent of hindi hajans! is traditionally accompanied "ith #himta. Ghatam $e%t only to &ridangam' Ghatam is also an indispensable percussion instrument in South Indian #lassical music. (iterally' )hatam means a fired clay pot' "hich is traditionally used by Indian households to keep "ater cool in summers. The musical version has a thicker shell created "ith special clay mi% for superior sound. It is played by closing the mouth of )hatam "ith stomach' "hich is opened as and "hen required to achieve desired bass' "hile the round base is struck "ith palm and fingers. Ghunghroo Ghunghroo has its roots in traditional Indian ornament Payal' "hich "as and is still "orn on ankles by ladies' mostly to indicate their presence' or declare their arrival. This "as eventually picked up by *athak dancers to accentuate their dance steps. The traditional form of )hunghroo has bells "oven on a series of strings' but the contemporary models have bells attached to cushioned pads (indicated in illustration!. These provide more comform to the dancers. Jal-Tarang Jal Tarang is a unique instrument in that it is both a percussion as "ell as non+percussion instrument. asically' it is a series of china clay bo"ls of descending si,e layed in a circle' or ro" or any other convenient configuration. These bo"ls are tuned to the notes of Raag being played by adjusting the amount of "ater held. -hen struck "ith chop+stick like strikers' these bo"ls produce very s"eet sound and can be used to play solo "ith accompaniment of Tabla' or as an accompanying persussion instrument' mostly for dances.

Kartal

Kartal is a pair of "ooden blocks "ith brass jingles. .ne block has a circular hole "here the thumbs fits' and the other has a larger opening for the remaining four fingers. These t"o are struck to produce a characteristic "ooden sound "ith metal overtones. /lthough it is seen being used in some folk music forms' *artal is traditionally used to accompany devotional music like hajan and *irtan. In $orth+east India' a form of &anjeera is kno"n as *artal' and is entirely different from the one e%plained above.

Manjeera Manjeera is a pair of cymbals tied together "ith a string. Traditionally made from brass' &anjeera has been used to accompany hajans and *irtans ever since the metal percussion instruments "ere created. / larger form of &anjeera is kno"n as 0hanjhar.

Andelu

Andelu are hollow, ring-shaped brass instruments that are important in the music and storytelling of the "Burra Katha" tradition. The hollow brass ring is filled with metal balls that rattle together and produce a metallic jingling sound. Andelu are typically between 1. and ! inches in diameter. Andelu are typically played in pairs -- a performer can put both andelu rings o"er the thumb of one hand and then stri#e both andelu with his other hand. Alternati"ely, he can place one andelu on the thumb and another andelu on a different finger of the same hand before stri#ing the two pieces of metal together.

Gol Kathi (Dancing Stick)

The gol #athi is found in western $ndia. $t is a simple long stic# with metal jingles attached to the tip. %ancers use the gol #athi to accompany their own dances.

Jal Tarang

&al tarang is a set of se"eral water-filled china bowls The performer stri#es the jal tarang

Kasht Tarang

Kasht tarang is a #eyboard percussion instrument with wooden notes. $t is similar to a small 'estern (ylophone or marimba, although the #asht tarang does not ha"e resonators beneath its notes. $t is a relati"ely rare instrument in $ndia.

Manjira

)anjira is a set of small cymbals, commonly used in dance music and the $ndian de"otional songs #nown as bhajans. The manjira is a "ery old instrument, as demonstrated by its presence in ancient temple wall paintings.

Nout

The nout is the northern $ndian e*ui"alent to the ghatam. +i#e the ghatam, the nout is a large clay pot. $t is used as a percussion instrument in the Kashmir area of $ndia.

Murchang

The murchang is a #ind of &ew,s harp which is traditionally used in south $ndian performances. $n a musical conte(t, the murchang is often played together with the ghatam and mridangam.

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