LT1764 Series 3A, Fast Transient Response, Low Noise, LDO Regulators

FEATURES
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

DESCRIPTIO

Optimized for Fast Transient Response Output Current: 3A Dropout Voltage: 340mV at 3A Low Noise: 40µVRMS (10Hz to 100kHz) 1mA Quiescent Current Wide Input Voltage Range: 2.7V to 20V No Protection Diodes Needed Controlled Quiescent Current in Dropout Fixed Output Voltages: 1.5V, 1.8V, 2.5V, 3.3V Adjustable Output from 1.21V to 20V < 1µA Quiescent Current in Shutdown Stable with 10µF Output Capacitor Reverse Battery Protection No Reverse Current Thermal Limiting

U APPLICATIO S
I I

The LT ®1764 is a low dropout regulator optimized for fast transient response. The device is capable of supplying 3A of output current with a dropout voltage of 340mV. Operating quiescent current is 1mA, dropping to < 1µA in shutdown. Quiescent current is well controlled; it does not rise in dropout as it does with many other regulators. In addition to fast transient response, the LT1764 has very low output voltage noise which makes the device ideal for sensitive RF supply applications. Output voltage range is from 1.21V to 20V. The LT1764 regulators are stable with output capacitors as low as 10µF. Internal protection circuitry includes reverse battery protection, current limiting, thermal limiting and reverse current protection. The device is available in fixed output voltages of 1.5V, 1.8V, 2.5V, 3.3V and as an adjustable device with a 1.21V reference voltage. The LT1764 regulators are available in 5-lead TO-220 and DD packages.
, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.

3.3V to 2.5V Logic Power Supply Post Regulator for Switching Supplies

TYPICAL APPLICATIO

400

3.3VIN to 2.5VOUT Regulator
DROPOUT VOLTAGE (mV)

350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 LOAD CURRENT (A) 2.5 3.0
1764 TA02

+
VIN > 3V

IN 10µF

OUT LT1764-2.5

+

2.5V 3A 10µF

SHDN SENSE GND
1764 TA01

U
Dropout Voltage
1764fa

U

1

..... – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C 2.854 1..7A...5V < VIN < 20V......... 10 sec)......3 VIN = 3.. 1mA < ILOAD < 3A. ± 20V SENSE Pin Voltage . 4) LT1764 VIN = 2.........8V < VIN < 20V.7 1.LT1764 Series ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (Note 1) IN Pin Voltage ..5 LT1764EQ-3... ± 20V ADJ Pin Voltage .9 2..3 *PIN 5 = SENSE FOR LT1764-1.8V.5 VIN = 3V. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C 3.....3 1.. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C LT1764-3.7V < VIN < 20V..300 3.............300 1.5A ILOAD = 2........ ± 7V SHDN Pin Voltage ........246 1..500 1... ILOAD = 1mA 2.....7V < VIN < 20V. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C 2.7A..412 2.....210 1.....7 2.737 2...192 1.500 1...8/ LT1764-2..21V. ± 20V Output Short-Circuit Duration . (Note 2) PARAMETER Minimum Input Voltage (Notes 3.5 VIN = 2......400 3..447 1...3 = ADJ FOR LT1764 TJMAX = 150°C....7V < VIN < 20V....... Indefinite Operating Junction Temperature Range – 40°C to 125°C Storage Temperature Range .827 1...523 1. 300°C PACKAGE/ORDER INFORMATION FRONT VIEW 5 4 TAB IS GND 3 2 1 Q PACKAGE 5-LEAD PLASTIC DD SENSE/ADJ* OUT GND IN SHDN ORDER PART NUMBER LT1764EQ LT1764EQ-1...... – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C 4... θJA = 30°C/ W Consult LTC Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature ranges...8 LT1764EQ-2. 1mA < ILOAD < 2. 1mA < ILOAD < 2...5V < VIN < 20V.......500 2......500 1.. ± 20V OUT Pin Voltage ... ILOAD = 1mA 2........400 1.168 MIN TYP 1.. – 65°C to 150°C Lead Temperature (Soldering..... 1mA < ILOAD < 2..412 3...3V.....8/ LT1764-2.........5 LT1764ET-1.....250 3....183 1.5 LT1764ET-3....168 1.477 1...3 = ADJ FOR LT1764 TJMAX = 150°C.......7A...3 TAB IS GND *PIN 5 = SENSE FOR LT1764-1... 1mA < ILOAD < 3A..7A.........8 VIN = 2....228 1.7A.210 1....... 1mA < ILOAD < 3A. 1mA < ILOAD < 3A... 1mA < ILOAD < 2..854 2..... 1mA < ILOAD < 3A... 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C ILOAD = 3A.246 1764fa .575 2.........5/LT1764-3.. ILOAD = 1mA 2.....5 LT1764EQ-1. θJA = 50°C/ W 2...545 1.500 2............183 3..462 2. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C LT1764-1...... ILOAD = 1mA 4..800 1..5A ILOAD = 1.....8 LT1764ET-2.. ± 20V Input to Output Differential Voltage (Note 12) .7A.......3 2... The G denotes specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range........... 1mA < ILOAD < 2. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C 1.. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C LT1764-1..538 2..737 1..500 3.......545 1....... – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C 2.... 11) CONDITIONS ILOAD = 0.... 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C ADJ Pin Voltage (Notes 3.7V < VIN < 20V.... otherwise specifications are TA = 25°C...300 3..773 1... ILOAD = 1mA 3.....447 1.....350 3. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C LT1764-2.800 1.575 3...7 1...21V.5/LT1764-3...8V < VIN < 20V..3V < VIN < 20V...3V < VIN < 20V......800 2.210 MAX UNITS V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Regulated Output Voltage (Note 4) 2 U U W W W U W FRONT VIEW 5 4 3 2 1 T PACKAGE 5-LEAD PLASTIC TO-220 GND IN SHDN SENSE/ADJ* OUT ORDER PART NUMBER LT1764ET LT1764ET-1.

ILOAD = 1mA ∆VIN = 2.5A 55 G G G G G G G G 2 0. 8) VOUT = Off to On VOUT = On to Off VSHDN = 0V VSHDN = 20V VIN = 6V.7V.7A. VSHDN = 0V VIN – VOUT = 1. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = 2.27 0.45 0.18 0. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C VIN = 2.6 5 18 75 200 200 10 2 1 30 1 UNITS mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV mV V V V V V V V V V V V mA mA mA mA mA mA mA µVRMS µA V V µA µA µA dB Load Regulation LT1764-1. ILOAD = 1mA ∆VIN = 2.5 1.5V.8V.14 G 0. otherwise specifications are TA = 25°C.20 0. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A VIN = 4.8V.21V to 20V. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = 2.5A ILOAD = 2.5 3 4 4. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A VIN = 2.66 0.5 2 3 MAX 10 10 10 10 10 7 23 23 8 25 25 10 30 30 12 40 40 5 20 20 0.5A ILOAD = 2.5 ∆VIN = 2.3V.7V. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A VIN = 3. 6.25 0.7A. ILOAD = 1mA ∆VIN = 3V to 20V.07 G 0.02 0. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C VIN = 3.7A.7A. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = 3. fRIPPLE = 120Hz.LT1764 Series The G denotes specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 2.5V. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C ILOAD = 3A. VRIPPLE = 0.01 63 Output Voltage Noise ADJ Pin Bias Current Shutdown Threshold SHDN Pin Current (Note 9) Quiescent Current in Shutdown Ripple Rejection 1764fa 3 . ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A VIN = 2.1 3. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C GND Pin Current VIN = VOUT(NOMINAL) + 1V (Notes 5. ILOAD = 1mA ∆VIN = 3.3V.5 4 LT1764-3.8V. BW = 10Hz to 100kHz (Notes 3.7V.40 0.13 0. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A.8 LT1764-2.5 LT1764-3. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 2. (Note 2) PARAMETER Line Regulation CONDITIONS LT1764-1.21V to 20V. ILOAD = 1mA VIN = 2.7A. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C COUT = 10µF. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C VIN = 4. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A VIN = 2.7V.10 0. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A.66 1.5V. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C ILOAD = 3A ILOAD = 3A.7V.7V. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C G G G G G ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS MIN TYP 2.3 LT1764 (Note 3) LT1764-1.5VP-P.01 7 0.33 0. ILOAD = 3A.75 0.05 0.25 G 0. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C Dropout Voltage VIN = VOUT(NOMINAL) (Notes 5.5V (Avg). ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 3A. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 2.3 4 LT1764 (Note 3) VIN = 2. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = 4. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = 2.5 LT1764-1.34 1 1.3V.5 11 40 120 120 40 3 0. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 2. ∆ILOAD = 1mA to 2.8V to 20V. ILOAD = 1.7A.3V to 20V.7A. 11) ILOAD = 1mA ILOAD = 1mA ILOAD = 100mA ILOAD = 100mA ILOAD = 500mA ILOAD = 500mA ILOAD = 1.9 0. 7) ILOAD = 0mA ILOAD = 1mA ILOAD = 100mA ILOAD = 500mA ILOAD = 1.5A ILOAD = 1.8 4 LT1764-2.

0 OUTPUT CURRENT (A) 2. LT1764-2. The external resistor divider will add a 300µA DC load on the output.3 VIN = VOUT(NOMINAL) + 1V. Note 5: To satisfy requirements for minimum input voltage.8 3.5 2.8 VOUT = 1.8V LT1764-2. ∆VOUT = – 0. Note 11.0 1.0 1764 G02 50 25 75 0 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 1764 G03 1764fa .3V.42V.5 and LT1764-1.8 1 600 600 600 600 300 1200 1200 1200 1200 600 mA µA µA µA µA µA Reverse Output Current (Note 10) LT1764-1.21V Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which the life of a device may be impaired. Note 6: Dropout voltage is the minimum input to output voltage differential needed to maintain regulation at a specified output current. LT1764-3. The LT1764 is 100% tested at TA = 25°C.5 VIN = 2.5A 100 0 –50 –25 IL = 100mA IL = 1mA 3. Operating conditions are limited by maximum junction temperature.5V.5A 200 IL = 0.5 1.7V (whichever is greater) and a current source load.5 DROPOUT VOLTAGE (mV) TJ = 25°C 0 0. with VIN = 20V.5V LT1764-3.0 OUTPUT CURRENT (A) 4 U W 2. VIN < 1. VOUT cannot be pulled below ground.3 VOUT = 3. When operating at maximum input voltage. the output voltage will be equal to: VIN – VDROPOUT.5 VOUT = 1. ∆VOUT = – 0. LT1764-1. the LT1764 (adjustable version) is tested and specified for these conditions with an external resistor divider (two 4.1V. ∆VOUT = – 0.8V.3V LT1764 (Note 3) VOUT = 1. the output current range must be limited. Note 8: ADJ pin bias current flows into the ADJ pin.7V.5V. The absolute maximum differential from input to output is ± 20V.1V. VIN < 1.0 2.0 1. Note 7: GND pin current is tested with VIN = VOUT(NOMINAL) + 1V or VIN = 2. VIN < 2. The GND pin current will decrease at higher input voltages. VIN < 3.5 VOUT = 2. Note 2: The LT1764 regulators are tested and specified under pulse load conditions such that TJ ≈ TA.5 1764 G01 Guaranteed Dropout Voltage 700 600 = TEST POINTS 600 500 400 Dropout Voltage IL = 3A 300 IL = 1. TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS Typical Dropout Voltage 600 GUARANTEED DROPOUT VOLTAGE (mV) 500 DROPOUT VOLTAGE (mV) 400 TJ = 125°C 300 200 100 0 500 TJ ≤ 125°C 400 300 TJ ≤ 25°C 200 100 0 0 0. otherwise specifications are TA = 25°C.5 3.1 2.7V. Note 9: SHDN pin current flows into the SHDN pin.21V.LT1764 Series The G denotes specifications which apply over the full operating temperature range.5V LT1764-1.8 dropout voltage will be limited by the minimum input voltage specification under some output voltage/load conditions. This current flows into the OUT pin and out the GND pin. VOUT = 0V LT1764-1.8. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = 2.5 1. The regulated output voltage specification will not apply for all possible combinations of input voltage and output current. (Note 2) PARAMETER Current Limit CONDITIONS VIN = 7V. Note 4. – 40°C ≤ TJ ≤ 110°C VIN = VOUT(NOMINAL) + 1V.12k resistors) for an output voltage of 2. For the LT1764.1V.1V. Performance at – 40°C and 125°C is assured by design. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C LT1764. characterization and correlation with statistical process controls. the input voltage range must be limited. For example.5. VIN < 1. VOUT = 0V G ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS MIN TYP 4 MAX UNITS A A A A A 3. Note 3: The LT1764 (adjustable version) is tested and specified for these conditions with the ADJ pin connected to the OUT pin. All combinations of absolute maximum input voltage and absolute maximum output voltage cannot be achieved. Note 10: Reverse output current is tested with the IN pin grounded and the OUT pin forced to the rated output voltage. Note 12.1 2. In dropout. 110°C < TJ ≤ 125°C Input Reverse Leakage Current VIN = – 20V. ∆VOUT = – 0. LT1764-1. When operating at maximum output current.

78 1.81 1.6 0.76 – 50 – 25 0 75 50 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 IL = 1mA 2.6 0.4 0.225 1.0 LT1764 0.LT1764 Series TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS Quiescent Current 1.56 2.26 3.2 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 0 –50 –25 VIN = 6V RL = ∞ IL = 0 VSHDN = VIN 50 25 75 0 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 LT1764-3.24 3.215 1.42 – 50 – 25 0 75 50 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 1756 G05 1756 G06 LT1764 ADJ Pin Voltage 1.8 Output Voltage 1.210 1.4 1.44 LT1764-2.4 1.84 1.3 Quiescent Current TJ = 25°C RL = ∞ VSHDN = VIN 1.3k VSHDN = VIN 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 1764 G12 1764 G11 1764fa 5 .38 3.5 Quiescent Current 40 35 TJ = 25°C RL = ∞ VSHDN = VIN 40 35 QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA) QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA) U W 1764 G04 1756 G07 1764 G10 LT1764-1.200 1.3 Output Voltage 3.5/3.32 3.80 1.8/2.2 QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA) LT1764-1.82 1.30 3.22 – 50 – 25 0 75 50 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 LT1764-2.54 2.2 1.48 2.28 3.2 0 LT1764 Quiescent Current TJ = 25°C RL = 4.46 2.0 0.8 Quiescent Current 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 TJ = 25°C RL = ∞ VSHDN = VIN IL = 1mA 1756 G08 1764 G09 LT1764-3.190 – 50 – 25 0 75 50 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 LT1764-1.5 Output Voltage IL = 1mA 2.50 2.58 2.6 1.205 1.4 0.36 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) IL = 1mA QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA) ADJ PIN VOLTAGE (V) 3.79 1.3 1.52 2.83 1.220 1.195 1.77 1.34 3.230 1.8 0.8 0.

3V RL = 25Ω IL = 100mA* RL = 8.4Ω IL = 3A* 90 RL = 0.6Ω IL = 500mA* RL = 6Ω IL = 300mA* 25 20 15 10 5 0 RL = 5Ω IL = 500mA* GND PIN CURRENT (mA) 15.7A* 30 40 8 9 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 1764 G16 1764 G17 1764 G18 LT1764 GND Pin Current 150 TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 1.73Ω IL = 0.0 7.5 GND Pin Current TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 2.5V RL = 0.66Ω IL = 1.3 GND Pin Current 200 TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 3.0 17.8 GND Pin Current 20.5A* 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 GND Pin Current vs ILOAD VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 1V 120 60 RL = 1.5 10.81Ω IL = 1.5A* RL = 2.33Ω IL = 300mA* 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 1764 G14 1764 G15 LT1764-1.0 2.8V GND PIN CURRENT (mA) 12.5 GND Pin Current 40 35 30 TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 2.57Ω IL = 0.5 OUTPUT CURRENT (A) 2.33Ω IL = 300mA* 6 RL = 12.0 1764 G21 1764 G19 1764 G20 1764fa .42Ω IL = 500mA* 9 RL = 4.3V GND PIN CURRENT (mA) 160 GND PIN CURRENT (mA) GND PIN CURRENT (mA) 120 RL = 1.21V RL = 0.LT1764 Series TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS LT1764-1.5 1.8V 200 LT1764-2.3 GND Pin Current 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 RL = 6.8 GND Pin Current 150 TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 1.71Ω IL = 0.0 2.7A* 80 RL = 1.5 5.5V LT1764-3.5 0 0 1 2 RL = 3.6Ω IL = 500mA* RL = 11Ω IL = 300mA* RL = 33Ω IL = 100mA* TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 3.2Ω IL = 1.21V RL = 2.2Ω IL = 1.5 GND PIN CURRENT (mA) TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 1.83Ω IL = 3A* 120 160 120 60 RL = 1.5A* 40 RL = 4.57Ω IL = 0.1Ω IL = 3A* 80 RL = 2.7A* 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 6 U W 1764 G13 LT1764-2.5 3.0 RL = 18Ω IL = 100mA* 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 LT1764 GND Pin Current 15 TJ = 25°C VSHDN = VIN *FOR VOUT = 1.5A* RL = 3.6Ω IL = 3A* GND PIN CURRENT (mA) 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) LT1764-3.0 1.1Ω IL = 100mA* 3 12 GND PIN CURRENT (mA) GND PIN CURRENT (mA) 90 RL = 0.7A* 30 8 9 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 8 9 10 0 0 0.

8 0.0 1.0 1 6 5 Current Limit TJ = –50°C 4 3 2 TJ = 125°C TJ = 25°C 0.9 SHDN PIN THRESHOLD (V) 0.5 2.9 IL = 1mA 1.3 100 125 0 1764 G28 1764 G29 1764 G30 1764fa 7 .6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.LT1764 Series TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS SHDN Pin Threshold (On-to-Off) 1.5 1.3) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 9 10 4.0 Reverse Output Current VIN = 0V 0.5 3.7 VOUT = 3.9 VOUT = 1.0 1.1 0 –50 –25 50 25 0 75 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 LT1764 LT1764-1.1 0 –50 –25 50 25 0 75 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 SHDN PIN THRESHOLD (V) 0.5 0.5) 0.0 3.2 0.8) V 0.3 TJ = 25°C VIN = 0V CURRENT FLOWS INTO OUTPUT PIN VOUT = VADJ (LT1764) VOUT = VFB (LT1764-1.0 0.5 1.0 0.5 3.5 4 3 2 1 0 –50 –25 REVERSE OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 50 25 75 0 TEMPERATURE (°C) U W 1764 G22 1764 G25 SHDN Pin Threshold (Off-to-On) 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 50 25 0 75 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 SHDN Pin Input Current IL = 1mA 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 SHDN PIN VOLTAGE (V) 1764 G24 1764 G23 ADJ Pin Bias Current 4.6 0.8/-2.5 2.5 1.8 LT1764-2.3) 0.3V (LT1764-3.21V (LT1764) = 1.8/-2.5 0 – 50 – 25 0 0 75 50 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 INPUT/OUTPUT DIFFERENTIAL (V) 1764 G27 1756 G26 Reverse Output Current VIN = 7V VOUT = 0V 5.7 0.3 0.0 4.0 2.1 0 –50 –25 IL = 3A SHDN PIN INPUT CURRENT (µA) SHDN Pin Input Current 10 9 SHDN PIN INPUT CURRENT (µA) VSHDN = 20V ADJ PIN BIAS CURRENT (µA) 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 –50 –25 50 25 0 75 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 CURRENT LIMIT (A) Current Limit 6 5 CURRENT LIMIT (A) REVERSE OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) LT1764 LT1764-1.5 0.0 2.0 0.5/-3.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 OUT VOUT = 2.5V (LT1764-2.4 0.5 LT1764-3.5/-3.4 0.6 0.0 3.8V (LT1764-1.

1 –0.5 0 –50 –25 IL = 100mA 60 55 1M 50 –50 –25 50 25 0 75 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 50 25 75 0 TEMPERATURE (°C) 100 125 1764 G32 1764 G33 Output Noise Spectral Density COUT = 10µF ILOAD = 3A RMS Output Noise vs Load Current (10Hz to 100kHz) 40 35 30 25 LT1764-1.5/-3.LT1764 Series TYPICAL PERFOR A CE CHARACTERISTICS Ripple Rejection 80 70 70 RIPPLE REJECTION (dB) RIPPLE REJECTION (dB) MINIMUM INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 60 50 40 30 COUT = 10µF IL = 1.1 0 –0.5 COUT = 10µF LT1764-3.2 1.3 Transient Response 0.3 10Hz to 100kHz Output Noise OUTPUT VOLTAGE DEVIATION (V) 0.5 LT1764 LT1764-1.01 10 100 1k 10k FREQUENCY (Hz) 100k 1764 G35 0 0.001 0.7V (LT1764) –25 VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 1V (LT1764-1.5 IL = 500mA 1.5 –15 LT1764-3.01 0.00 0.1 LT1764-2.3 0.0 2.3V CIN = 3.3 Transient Response 0.3 –20 ∆IL = 1mA TO 3A VIN = 2.3µF TANTALUM COUT = 10µF TANTALUM 3 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 TIME (µs) 1764 G39 1764 G37 1764fa .3) –30 75 100 0 50 25 – 50 – 25 TEMPERATURE (°C) LT1764-3.25 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 TIME (µs) 1764 G38 OUTPUT VOLTAGE DEVIATION (V) VOUT 100µV/DIV LOAD CURRENT (A) LOAD CURRENT (A) COUT = 10µF IL = 3A 1ms/DIV 8 U W 1764 G31 1764 G34 Ripple Rejection 75 IL = 1.50 0.8 125 0.0001 0.8 20 15 10 5 LT1764 LT1764-2.1 0 –0.5A VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 1V + 0.5A 65 1.1 –0.3V CIN = 33µF COUT = 100µF TANTALUM + 10 × 1µF CERAMIC VIN = 4.2 LT1764-3.2 VIN = 4.0 LT1764 Minimum Input Voltage IL = 3A IL = 1.8/-2.5 2.5VP-P RIPPLE AT f = 120Hz 3.5A TANTALUM 10 VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 1V + 50mVRMS RIPPLE 0 100k 100 10 1k 10k FREQUENCY (Hz) 20 COUT = 100µF TANTALUM + 10 × 1µF CERAMIC Load Regulation OUTPUT NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (µV/√Hz) 10 5 1 LOAD REGULATION (mV) 0 –5 OUTPUT NOISE (µVRMS) LT1764 LT1764-1.1 LOAD CURRENT (A) 1 10 1764 G36 LT1764-3.2 0.75 0.0 0.8 –10 LT1764-2.3 LT1764-3.

this is the input to the error amplifier. If unused. A bypass capacitor in the range of 1µF to 10µF is sufficient.LT1764 Series PI FU CTIO S SHDN (Pin 1): Shutdown. SENSE (Pin 5): Sense. the SENSE pin is the input to the error amplifier. the SHDN pin must be connected to VIN. normally several microamperes. A minimum output capacitor of 10µF is required to prevent oscillations. A bypass capacitor is required on this pin if the device is more than six inches away from the main input filter capacitor. The SHDN pin is used to put the LT1764 regulators into a low power shutdown state. small voltage drops are caused by the resistance (RP) of PC traces between the regulator and the load. The SHDN pin can be driven either by 5V logic or opencollector logic with a pull-up resistor. GND (Pin 3): Ground.21V to 20V. typically 7µA. Note that the voltage drop across the external PC traces will add to the dropout voltage of the regulator.5/LT1764-3. Power is supplied to the device through the IN pin. For fixed voltage versions of the LT1764 (LT1764-1. The pull-up resistor is required to supply the pull-up current of the opencollector gate. IN (Pin 2): Input. It has a bias current of 3µA which flows into the pin. The device will be in the low power shutdown state if the SHDN pin is not connected. These may be eliminated by connecting the SENSE pin to the output at the load as shown in Figure 1 (Kelvin Sense Connection). Optimum regulation will be obtained at the point where the SENSE pin is connected to the OUT pin of the regulator. the device will act as if there is a diode in series with its input. The ADJ pin voltage is 1. The SENSE pin bias current is 600µA at the nominal rated output voltage. See the Applications Information section for more information on output capacitance and reverse output characteristics. This pin is internally clamped to ± 7V. The output supplies power to the load. The output will be off when the SHDN pin is pulled low. In general. which can happen if a battery is plugged in backwards. The LT1764 regulators are designed to withstand reverse voltages on the IN pin with respect to ground and the OUT pin. and the SHDN pin current. so it is advisable to include a bypass capacitor in battery-powered circuits. There will be no reverse current flow into the regulator and no reverse voltage will appear at the load. In critical applications. The device will protect both itself and the load. U U U 2 IN LT1764 OUT 4 RP + VIN 1 SHDN SENSE GND 3 5 + LOAD RP 1764 F01 Figure 1. Larger output capacitors will be required for applications with large transient loads to limit peak voltage transients.8/LT1764-2. For the adjustable LT1764.21V referenced to ground and the output voltage range is 1. OUT (Pin 4): Output. In the case of a reverse input. The SENSE pin can be pulled below ground (as in a dual supply system where the regulator load is returned to a negative supply) and still allow the device to start and operate. Kelvin Sense Connection 1764fa 9 . ADJ (Pin 5): Adjust. the output impedance of a battery rises with frequency.3).

in dual supply applications where the regulator load is returned to a negative supply.21V IADJ = 3µA AT 25°C OUTPUT RANGE = 1.21V TO 20V Figure 2. In battery backup applications where the output can be held up by a backup battery when the input is pulled to ground. In some applications the use of ceramic capacitors with an ESR below 50mΩ can cause oscillations. At VOUT = 5V. Please consult our Applications Engineering department for help with any issues concerning the use of ceramic output capacitors. Additionally.17k to minimize errors in the output voltage caused by the ADJ pin bias current. X5R and X7R. the LT1764 regulators incorporate several protection features which make them ideal for use in battery-powered systems. used to decouple individual components powered by the LT1764-X. flows through R2 into the ADJ pin. Adjustable Operation The adjustable version of the LT1764 has an output voltage range of 1. 3µA at 25°C. The most common dielectrics used are Z5U. The low operating quiescent current (1mA) drops to less than 1µA in shutdown. while the X5R is less expensive and is available in higher values. Ceramic capacitors are manufactured with a variety of dielectrics.21V  1 +  + (IADJ )(R2)  R1 VADJ = 1. The current in R1 is then equal to 1. The devices are capable of supplying 3A at a dropout voltage of 340mV. IN VIN LT1764 ADJ GND R1 1764 F02 OUT VOUT + R2  R2 VOUT = 1. Larger values of output capacitance can decrease the peak deviations and provide improved transient response for larger load current changes. The devices are protected against both reverse input and reverse output voltages. The X5R and X7R dielectrics result in more stable characteristics and are more suitable for use as the output capacitor.21V. The ADJ pin bias current.21V. Bypass capacitors. most notably with small capacitors.4mV Output Capacitance and Transient Response The LT1764 regulators are designed to be stable with a wide range of output capacitors.21V: VOUT/1. but exhibit strong voltage and temperature coefficients as shown in Figures 3 and 4. each with different behavior over temperature and applied voltage. Adjustable Operation 10 U The adjustable device is tested and specified with the ADJ pin tied to the OUT pin for an output voltage of 1.LT1764 Series APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO The LT1764 series are 3A low dropout regulators optimized for fast transient response.21V will be proportional to the ratio of the desired output voltage to 1. Note that in shutdown the output is turned off and the divider current will be zero. The ESR of the output capacitor affects stability. a 10µF Y5V capacitor can exhibit an effective value as low as 1µF to 2µF over the operating temperature range. the output can be pulled below ground by as much as 20V and still allow the device to start and operate. The output voltage is set by the ratio of two external resistors as shown in Figure 2.21V)(–3mV) = – 12. A minimum output capacitor of 10µF with an ESR in the range of 50mΩ to 3Ω is recommended to prevent oscillations. Specifications for output voltages greater than 1. the LT1764-X acts like it has a diode in series with its output and prevents reverse current flow. load regulation for an output current change of 1mA to 3A is – 3mV typical at VOUT = 1. A piezoelectric device generates 1764fa W U U . Y5V.21V/R1 and the current in R2 is the current in R1 plus the ADJ pin bias current. The device servos the output to maintain the voltage at the ADJ pin at 1. The Z5U and Y5V dielectrics are good for providing high capacitances in a small package. In addition to the low quiescent current. The value of R1 should be less than 4. For example. Extra consideration must be given to the use of ceramic capacitors.21V referenced to ground.21V to 20V. The output voltage can be calculated using the formula in Figure 2. Voltage and temperature coefficients are not the only sources of problems. Some ceramic capacitors have a piezoelectric response. load regulation is: (5V/1. will increase the effective output capacitor value. The X7R type has better stability across temperature. When used with a 5V regulator.21V.

3. Ceramic Capacitor DC Bias Characteristics 40 20 CHANGE IN VALUE (%) 0 –20 –40 –60 –80 BOTH CAPACITORS ARE 16V. The problem occurs with a heavy output load when the input voltage is high and the output voltage is low. the output voltage noise will be gained up accordingly. a problem can occur wherein removal of an output short will not allow the output voltage to recover. the LT1764-X has safe operating area protection. 10µF X5R –20 –40 –60 Y5V –80 –100 CHANGE IN VALUE (%) 0 2 8 6 4 10 12 DC BIAS VOLTAGE (V) 14 16 1764 F03 Figure 3. U When power is first turned on. so it is not unique to the LT1764 series. Power supply ripple rejection must also be considered. The protection is designed to provide some output current at all values of input-to-output voltage up to the device breakdown. Overload Recovery Like many IC power regulators. During the start-up. The safe area protection decreases the current limit as input-to-output voltage increases and keeps the power transistor inside a safe operating region for all values of input-to-output voltage. the output follows the input. similar to the way a piezoelectric accelerometer or microphone works. there are two stable output operating points for the regulator. The load line for such a load may intersect the output current curve at two points. This results in RMS noise over the 10Hz to 100kHz bandwidth of 15µVRMS for the LT1764 increasing to 37µVRMS for the LT1764-3. the LT1764 regulators do not have unlimited power supply rejection and will pass a small portion of the input noise through to the output.LT1764 Series APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO 20 0 BOTH CAPACITORS ARE 16V. allowing the regulator to start up into very heavy loads. Ceramic Capacitor Temperature Characteristics voltage across its terminals due to mechanical stress. 1210 CASE SIZE. With a high input voltage. Crosstalk from nearby traces can induce unwanted noise onto the output of the LT1764-X. also exhibit this phenomenon. the input power supply may need to be cycled down to zero and brought up again to make the output recover. the input-to-output voltage differential is small. Output voltage noise is typically 50nV√Hz over this frequency bandwidth for the LT1764 (adjustable version). 1210 CASE SIZE. For a ceramic capacitor the stress can be induced by vibrations in the system or thermal transients. Higher values of output voltage noise may be measured when care is not exercised with regards to circuit layout and testing. Output Voltage Noise The LT1764 regulators have been designed to provide low output voltage noise over the 10Hz to 100kHz bandwidth while operating at full load. Common situations are immediately after the removal of a short circuit or when the SHDN pin is pulled high after the input voltage has already been turned on. allowing the regulator to supply large output currents. For higher output voltages (generated by using a resistor divider). as the input voltage rises. as the input voltage is rising. such as the LT1085. 1764fa W U U 11 . Other regulators. With this double intersection. 10µF 50 25 75 0 TEMPERATURE (°C) Y5V X5R –100 –50 –25 100 125 1764 F04 Figure 4. If this happens.

It is important to give careful consideration to all sources of thermal resistance from junction to ambient. an output current range of 0mA to 500mA and a maximum ambient temperature of 50°C. Additional heat sources mounted nearby must also be considered.3V) + 10mA(6V) = 1. Output current multiplied by the input/output voltage differential: (IOUT)(VIN – VOUT). Current flow into the device will be limited to less than 1mA and no negative voltage will appear at the output.5°C = 89. So the junction temperature rise above ambient will be approximately equal to: 1. what will the maximum junction temperature be? The power dissipated by the device will be equal to: IOUT(MAX)(VIN(MAX) – VOUT) + IGND(VIN(MAX)) where.5°C Protection Features The LT1764 regulators incorporate several protection features which make them ideal for use in battery-powered circuits.5°C/W 12 U W U U Calculating Junction Temperature Example: Given an output voltage of 3.5°C The maximum junction temperature will then be equal to the maximum junction temperature rise above ambient plus the maximum ambient temperature or: TJMAX = 50°C + 39.3V. Current limit protection and thermal overload protection are intended to protect the device against current overload conditions at the output of the device. In addition to the normal protection features associated with monolithic regulators. T Package. For continuous normal conditions. the devices are protected against reverse input voltages. the maximum junction temperature rating of 125°C must not be exceeded. For normal operation. reverse output voltages and reverse voltages from output to input. Table 1. 5-Lead DD COPPER AREA TOPSIDE* 2500mm2 1000mm2 125mm 2 BACKSIDE 2500mm2 2500mm2 2500mm 2 BOARD AREA 2500mm2 2500mm2 2500mm 2 THERMAL RESISTANCE (JUNCTION-TO-AMBIENT) 23°C/W 25°C/W 33°C/W *Device is mounted on topside. The following table lists thermal resistance for several different board sizes and copper areas. VIN = 6V) = 10mA So.41W Using a DD package. The LT1764 series regulators have internal thermal limiting designed to protect the device during overload conditions. heat sinking is accomplished by using the heat spreading capabilities of the PC board and its copper traces. Surface mount heatsinks and plated through-holes can also be used to spread the heat generated by power devices. the thermal resistance will be in the range of 23°C/W to 33°C/W depending on the copper area. and 2. Q Package. For surface mount devices. an input voltage range of 4V to 6V. 5-Lead TO-220 Thermal Resistance (Junction-to-Case) = 2. GND pin current multiplied by the input voltage: (IGND)(VIN). P = 500mA(6V – 3.41W(28°C/W) = 39. The GND pin current can be found using the GND Pin Current curves in the Typical Performance Characteristics. Power dissipation will be equal to the sum of the two components listed above. the junction temperature should not exceed 125°C. The 1764fa .LT1764 Series APPLICATIONS INFORMATION Thermal Considerations The power handling capability of the device is limited by the maximum rated junction temperature (125°C). The power dissipated by the device is made up of two components: 1. All measurements were taken in still air on 1/16" FR-4 board with one ounce copper. IOUT(MAX) = 500mA VIN(MAX) = 6V IGND at (IOUT = 500mA. such as current limiting and thermal limiting. The input of the device will withstand reverse voltages of 20V.

8 TJ = 25°C VIN = OV CURRENT FLOWS INTO OUTPUT PIN VOUT = VADJ (LT1764) VOUT = VFB (LT1764-1.5 0 1764 F05 U W U U LT1764 LT1764-1.0 2.8.0 3. In this case.5 4.5 2. The 13V difference between OUT and ADJ pins divided by the 5mA maximum current into the ADJ pin yields a minimum top resistor value of 2. several different input/output conditions can occur. For fixed voltage versions. grounding the SHDN pin will turn off the device and stop the output from sourcing the short-circuit current. input current will typically drop to less than 2µA. For example. In situations where the ADJ pin is connected to a resistor divider that would pull the ADJ pin above its 7V clamp voltage if the output is pulled high. typically 5k or higher.5V output from the 1. the output will act like a large resistor. the ADJ pin will act like an open circuit when pulled below ground and like a large resistor (typically 5k) in series with a diode when pulled above ground. If the input is left open circuit or grounded.3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 9 10 Figure 5. no current will flow out of the pin.0 1. This can happen if the input of the device is connected to a discharged (low voltage) battery and the output is held up by either a backup battery or a second regulator circuit.5 1. For adjustable versions. limiting current flow to typically less than 600µA.21V reference when the output is forced to 20V.5 LT1764-3.LT1764 Series APPLICATIONS INFORMATION device will protect both itself and the load. or is left open circuit. If the input is left open circuit or grounded. The output voltage may be held up while the input is either pulled to ground. The top resistor of the resistor divider must be chosen to limit the current into the ADJ pin to less than 5mA when the ADJ pin is at 7V. 5.3) LT1764-2.0 REVERSE OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 4.5. pulled to some intermediate voltage. In circuits where a backup battery is required.5 3. the ADJ pin input current must be limited to less than 5mA. Current flow back into the output will follow the curve shown in Figure 5. When the IN pin of the LT1764-X is forced below the OUT pin or the OUT pin is pulled above the IN pin. the output can be pulled below ground by 20V. the output will source the short-circuit current of the device and will protect itself by thermal limiting. If the input is powered by a voltage source. This provides protection against batteries which can be plugged in backward. LT1764-3. The state of the SHDN pin will have no effect on the reverse output current when the output is pulled above the input.0 0. The output of the LT1764-X can be pulled below ground without damaging the device. a resistor divider is used to provide a regulated 1. the output will act like an open circuit. LT1764-2.6k. The ADJ pin of the adjustable device can be pulled above or below ground by as much as 7V without damaging the device. Reverse Output Current 1764fa 13 .

3 + 10000µF 34k* IN SHDN GND OUT FB + 22µF VOUT 3.1k* NTE5437 1N4002 “SYNC” 1N4002 TO ALL “V +” POINTS 2.033µF 750Ω + C1B 1/2 LT1018 1N4148 V+ + A1 LT1006 10k 10k V+ – 10k 1µF – LT1004 1.2V 1764 TA03 Adjustable Current Source R5 0.3µF 1764 TA04 1764fa .LT1764 Series TYPICAL APPLICATIO S SCR Preregulator Provides Efficiency Over Line Variations L1 500µH 1N4148 1k 10V AC AT 115VIN 12.2k R6 2.7V C1 10µF 14 U NTE5437 LT1764-3.3V 3A + 750Ω C1A 1/2 LT1018 1N4148 200k 0.2k IN OUT LT1764-1.4k 1N4002 V+ L2 10V AC AT 115VIN 90V AC TO 140V AC + 22µF L1: COILTRONICS CTX500-2-52 L2: STANCOR P-8560 *1% FILM RESISTOR V+ + VIN > 2.1µF – V+ 0.8 SHDN FB GND R8 100k LT1004-1.2k R3 2k C3 1µF R7 470Ω ADJUST R1 FOR 0A TO 3A CONSTANT CURRENT 2 – + 8 1 1/2 LT1366 4 3 C2 3.01Ω R1 1k R4 2.2 LOAD R2 40.

008 0.700) 0.508 ) T Package 5-Lead Plastic TO-220 (Standard) (LTC DWG # 05-08-1421) 0.70) 0.632 –0.370 (8.191 – 4.734 – 3.270 (5.180 (4.191) * MEASURED AT THE SEATING PLANE T5 (TO-220) 0399 1764fa 15 .541) 15° TYP 0.500 (11.906 – 10.70) 0.270 ± 0.075 (1.020 0.620 (15.700 – 0.191 – 4.541) 0.038 (0.330 – 0.748) 0.012 (1.028 – 0. However.013 – 0.620 (14.147 – 0.180 (4.028 – 0.415 (9.038 BSC (0.390 – 0.861 – 5.155 – 0.429 – 4.711 – 0.370 (8.102 ) 0. U 0.195* (3.460 – 0.230 – 0.165 – 0.143 – 1.305) Q(DD5) 1098 ( +0.953) 0.004 0.965) 0.152 – 0.906 – 10.478 – 15.045 – 0.572) 0.415 (9.060 (1.397) SEATING PLANE 0.131) (6.584) 0. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.095 – 0.143 –0.256 (6.921) 0.183 (4.684 – 12.045 – 0.320 (3.905) 0.143 – 1.570 – 0.398) 0.390 – 0.165 (3.937 – 4.842 – 6.055 (1.78 – 18.524) 0.023 (0.13) 0.572) 0.524) 0.499) TYP ( +0.330 – 0.413 – 2.382 – 9.050 ± 0.004 –0.60 – 8.305 3.060 (1.937) DIA 0.059 (1.165 – 0.203 0.135 – 0.648) 0.067 (1.060 (1.398) 0.202 0.858) 0.012 0.397) +0.413 – 2.013 – 0.584) 0. no responsibility is assumed for its use.330 – 0.LT1764 Series PACKAGE DESCRIPTION Q Package 5-Lead Plastic DD Pak (LTC DWG # 05-08-1461) 0.300 (7.728 (17.095 – 0.382 – 9.260 – 0.102 –0.620) BOTTOM VIEW OF DD PAK HATCHED AREA IS SOLDER PLATED COPPER HEAT SINK +0.921) 0.502) 0.711 – 0.524) TYP 0.055 (1.75) TYP BSC 0.491) 0.023 (0.155 (3.115 (2.067 (1.115 (2.965) Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.330 – 0.

20µVRMS Noise. Low Dropout Micropower Regulators in SOT-23 150mA. SO-8 Package 20µVRMS Noise. 20µVRMS Noise.01Ω IN OUT LT1764 ADJ GND + 3. LDO Micropower Regulators 500mA. MSOP Package 40µVRMS Noise.LT1764 Series TYPICAL APPLICATIO U Paralleling of Regulators for Higher Output Current R1 0.2k R4 2.5A.5K REV A • PRINTED IN USA www.3 SHDN FB GND R2 0. Low Noise. Reverse Battery Protection 500mV Dropout Voltage Drives External PNP Drives External N-Channel MOSFET High Efficiency. 500kHz Step-Down Converter 300mA Low Dropout Micropower Regulator with Shutdown 3A Low Dropout Regulator with 50µA IQ UltraFastTM Transient Response Low Dropout Regulator UltraFast Transient Response Low Dropout Regulator Synchronous Step-Down Converter 100mA. 20µVRMS Noise. LDO Micropower Regulators 300mA. Low Noise. 0. Milpitas.3V 6A C2 22µF R6 6.linear. SOT-23 Package 25µA Quiescent Current. 0. SOT-223 Package 4.5V Reference and Comparator 30µA IQ.com © LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2000 .65k R7 4. Fast Transient Response LDO COMMENTS Includes 2. CA 95035-7417 (408) 432-1900 G FAX: (408) 434-0507 G LT/TP 0602 1.12k SHDN SHDN R3 2. SO-8 Package 15µA IQ.01µF R5 1k 1/2 LT1366 2 4 1764 TA05 RELATED PARTS PART NUMBER LT1120 LT1121 LT1129 LT1175 LT1374 LT1521 LT1529 LT1573 LT1575 LT1735 LT1761 Series LT1762 Series LT1763 Series LT1962 LT1963 DESCRIPTION 125mA Low Dropout Regulator with 20µA IQ 150mA Micropower Low Dropout Regulator 700mA Micropower Low Dropout Regulator 500mA Negative Low Dropout Micropower Regulator 4. SOT-223 Package 50µA Quiescent Current 45µA IQ. Low Noise.5A. SOT-223 Package UltraFast and OPTI-LOOP are trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation. LDO Micropower Regulator 1. Low Noise.01Ω + VIN > 3. MSOP Package 30µA Quiescent Current.07Ω Internal Switch.26V Dropout Voltage. OPTI-LOOPTM Compensation 20µA Quiescent Current.. 1764fa 16 Linear Technology Corporation 1630 McCarthy Blvd.2k 3 + – 8 1 C3 0.7V C1 100µF IN OUT LT1764-3.5A. Low Noise.