RIGZONE - How Does Decommissioning Work?


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Plus. Get free industry updates via email. Well Plugging and Abandonment. civil engineering. in turn. Each step is discussed below. 15. and Site Clearance. or zonally isolated within 3 years after Oct. Thus when the US Department of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.RIGZONE . Permitting and Regulatory Compliance. In addition. Conductor Removal. advertisement Project Management Project management. temporarily abandoned. The review identified a significant number of idle platforms that need to be permanently plugged and removed.asp?i_id=354 Training Center How It Works Online Training Classroom Training Custom Training Heavy Oil TRAINING PROVIDERS Post a Course Advertise HOW IT WORKS How Does Decommissioning Work? Decommissioning oil and gas installations can cost operators an average of $4-$10 million in the shallow water Gulf of Mexico. Materials Disposal. engineering and planning for decommissioning an offshore rig usually starts three years before the well runs dry.rigzone. Plus. Most operators will contract out project management. many operators contract these vessels two to three years in advance. 2010 effective date. Regulation. How Is An Offshore Rig Decommissioned? There are 10 steps to the process: Project Management. and Enforcement (BOEMRE) Gulf of Mexico OCS Region issued a new decommissioning regulation in September 2010. and diving services. cutting. Why? Idle structures and wells could be damaged in a hurricane and cause an environmental disaster. their dayrates. damaged platforms and wells cost more to decommission than non-damaged wells. Pipeline and Power Cable Decommissioning. much of the decommissioning process requires contractors who specialize in a specific part of the process. This new NTL on top of the typical volume of decommissioning work in the GOM will increase demand for contractors and. operators have 2 additional years to permanently or temporarily abandon the wellhead. 15. Daily News Weekly News Equipment Updates Weekly Job Register Monthly Event Guide your email here SUBSCRIBE Our privacy pledge. Mobilization and Demobilization of Derrick Barges. According to a BOEMRE statement. The process involves: review of contractual obligations engineering analysis operational planning contracting Due to the limited number of derrick barges. the MMS (former name of the BOEMRE) conducted an Alternative Internal Control Review (AICR) of idle structures and wells on active leases in the GOM OCS in 2008. Platform Removal. platforms and supporting infrastructure that have been idle for five or more years must be removed within 5 years as of the Oct. Platform Preparation. If wells are zonally isolated. 2 of 5 4/7/2014 5:11 PM . Engineering and Planning.com/training/insight. NTL 2010-G05 requires wells that have not been used for the last five years to be to be permanently abandoned. operators knew they’d take a hit. 2010.How Does Decommissioning Work? http://www.

tanks.RIGZONE . The plan describes a schedule of decommissioning activities and the equipment and labor required to carry out the operation.asp?i_id=354 Permitting And Regulatory Compliance Obtaining permits to decommission an offshore rig can take up to three years to complete. Well Plugging And Abandonment Plugging and abandonment is one of the major costs of a decommissioning project and can be broken into two phases. The planning phase of well plugging includes: data collection preliminary inspection selection of abandonment methods submittal of an application for BOEMRE approval In the GOM. Federal agencies often involved in decommissioning projects include BOEMRE. equipment and plugs downhole. US Environmental Protection Agency.How Does Decommissioning Work? http://www. An Execution Plan is one of the first steps in the process. An execution plan is required to secure permits from Federal.rigzone. The rig-less method uses a load spreader on top of a conductor. State. National Marine Fisheries Service. Often. Local consulting firms are familiar with the regulatory framework of their region.com/training/insight. and the US Department of Transportation. which was developed in the 1980s. Underwater. Included in this plan is environmental information and field surveys of the project site. Platform Preparation To prepare a platform for decommissioning. and local regulatory agencies. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. which includes cutting pipe and cables between deck modules. which provides a base to launch tools. processing equipment and piping must be flushed and cleaned and residual hydrocarbons have to be disposed of. separating the modules. workers prepare the jacket facilities for removal. is primarily used for plugging and abandonment jobs. Well abandonment involves: well entry preparations use of a slick line unit filling the well with fluid removal of downhole equipment cleaning out the wellbore plugging open-hole and perforated intervals(s) at the bottom of the well plugging casing stubs plugging of annular space placement of a surface plug placement of fluid between plugs 3 of 5 4/7/2014 5:11 PM . US Army Corps of Engineers. US Fish and Wildlife Service. and reinforcing the structure. US Coast Guard. which includes removing marine growth. installing padeyes to lift the modules. the rig-less method. Office of Pipeline Safety. platform equipment has to be removed. operators will contract a local consulting firm to ensure that all permits are in order prior to decommissioning. The BOEMRE will also analyze the environmental impact of the project and recommend ways to eliminate or minimize those impacts.

the derrick barge must have sufficient lifting capacity. which utilizes a rental crane to lay down each conductor casing segment in a platform staging area. Conductor Removal According to BOEMRE. reverse order of installation. torches or abrasive technology make the bottom cuts on the piles 15 ft below the mudline. This option is best used for small platforms. Offloading. According to BOEMRE. Pipeline And Power Cable Decommissioning Pipelines or power cables may be decommissioned in place if they do not interfere with navigation or commercial fishing operations or pose an environmental hazard. Heavy lifting equipment is required for the jacket removal as well. Pulling/sectioning. templates and pilings must be removed to at least 15 ft below the mudlline. Topside can also be cut into small pieces and removed with platform cranes. A single lift is possible only for small structures in less than 200 ft of water.How Does Decommissioning Work? http://www. this method takes the most time to complete the job.rigzone. However. First. if the BOEMRE rules that it is a hazard during the technical and environmental review during the 4 of 5 4/7/2014 5:11 PM . but a derrick barge is not necessary. mechanical means. the modules must be in the right position and have a combined weight under the crane and derrick barge capacity. which uses the casing jacks to raise the conductors that are unscrewed or cut into 40 ft-long segments. which requires the use of explosive. Topsides can be removed all in one piece. temporary deck mounted cranes. Severing.asp?i_id=354 Plugs must be tagged to ensure proper placement or pressure-tested to verify integrity. However. or other small (less expensive) cranes. Also keep in mind the size and the crane capacity at the offloading site. operators can chose one of three procedures: 1. mechanical or abrasive cutting 2.com/training/insight. then a different removal option is required. Dismantling the topsides in reverse order in which they were installed. platforms. all platform components including conductor casings must be removed to at least 15 ft below the ocean floor or to a depth approved by the Regional Supervisor based upon the type of structure or ocean-bottom conditions. 3. and offloading at a port. If the offloading site can’t accommodate the platform in one piece. whether installed as modules or as individual structural components. Mobilization/Demobilization And Platform Removal Mobilization and demobilization of derrick barges is a key component in platform removal. If removing topsides in one piece. offloading sections to a boat. Removing combined modules requires fewer lifts. Less expensive support equipment can do the job. The conductors are then transported to an onshore disposal site. in groups of modules.RIGZONE . However. thus is a time-saving option. Then the jacket is removed either in small pieces or as a single lift. To remove conductor casing. so any cost savings incurred using a smaller derrick barge will likely be offset by the dayrate. is another removal option and the most common. First. the topsides are taken apart and lifted onto the derrick barge. divers using explosives. or in small pieces. Removing the jacket is the second step in the demolition process and the most costly.

Source: gomr. To ensure proper site clearance. operators need to follow a four-step site clearance procedure.rigzone. 2. The first step to pipeline decommissioning in place requires a flushing it with water followed by disconnecting it from the platform and filling it with seawater.com/training/insight. and natural marine environments. Materials Disposal And Site Clearance Platform materials can be refurbished and reused. The open end is plugged an buried 3 ft below the seafloor and covered with concrete. ROVs and divers target are deployed to further identify and remove any debris that could interfere with other uses of the area. company. 4. Post decommissioning survey identifies debris left behind during the removal process and notes any environmental damage 3. pipelines. Test trawling verifies that the area is free of any potential obstructions. Pre-decommissioning survey maps the location and quantity of debris. Inc.How Does Decommissioning Work? http://www.gov Contact Rigzone Office Locations Contact Us Houston London Dubai Singapore Aberdeen Perth Copyright © 1999 . power cables. Inc.RIGZONE . scrapped and recycled or disposed of in specified landfills. Rigzone is a Dice Holdings. 1. it must be removed.2014 Rigzone.boemre.asp?i_id=354 permitting process. Inside Rigzone Home E&P News Career Center O&G Directory Rig Data Events Conversion Calculator Mobile App Mobile News Newsletters Equipment Training Follow Rigzone About Rigzone Media Contact About Rigzone Terms of Use Privacy Policy WorldwideWorker 5 of 5 4/7/2014 5:11 PM .com.