To increase global food supplies by as much as 70 per cent in the next 40 years without depleting natural resources, options are needed to support the world’s vast array of smallholder food producers, particularly small-scale ‘mixed’ crop-andlivestock farmers, who are the mainstay of the world’s food production.To reach this One of the main preferable technique is developing livestock production & their certain uses is I.L.R.I (International Livestock research institute) The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works with partners worldwide to enhance livestock pathways out of poverty, principally in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. The products of these research partnerships help people in developing countries keep their farm animals alive and productive, increase and sustain their livestock and farm productivity, find profitable markets for their animal products, and reduce their risk to livestock-related diseases. ILRI is a non-profit institution with a staff of about 700 and an operating budget of over US$55 million. It has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, a principal campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and offices in West and southern Africa and in South, Southeast and East Asia ILRI is organized in three major research themes and a regional Biosciences eastern and central Africa Hub. Cross-cutting gender and systems research as well as communications, knowledge management, capacity development and partnership programs support these research themes. ILRI leads the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, leads a component of theCGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health on the prevention and control of agriculture-associated diseases, and contributes to five other CGIAR Research Programs. ILRI’s Biotechnology Research Theme works to improve animal health by developing more appropriate tests to diagnose tropical livestock diseases and improved ways of controlling these diseases, including novel vaccines. This research theme also works to identify livestock genes controlling disease resistance and other useful traits and to develop appropriate genetic markers for delivering optimal livestock genes and breeds for different smallholder regions and circumstances. ILRI’s Markets, Gender and Livelihoods Theme works to improve access by small scale livestock keepers to livestock markets, which are growing rapidly in the developing world as consumer demand for meat, milk and eggs increases. This

Research areas ILRI's research addresses seven global livestock development challenges including vaccine and diagnostic technologies for orphan animal diseases. animal genetic resources. SPS and market access within broader market opportunities for the poor. emerging diseases. The theme also works to enhance pastoral livelihoods and resilience and manages a genebank conserving native African forages. such as more efficient livestock feeding systems that both increase productivity and reduce greenhouse gases. Livestock and the Environment Theme develops livestock-based strategies for helping the poor adapt to. procurement. . ILRI’s People. and mitigate. climate change.research spans the livestock supply chain from production. distribution and processing to sales and consumption. sustainable intensification in smallholder crop-livestock systems and vulnerability of marginal systems and peoples. climate change – adaptation and mitigation.

in March and in September.Institutional animal care and use committee Since 1993. The EOHS supports ILRI's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC). tissues. must obtain approval before activities begin. and the Layperson is not an ILRI staff member nor involved with in anyway with ILRI research programs. and all other routine matters pertaining to the normal welfare of the animals. EOHS coordinates the activities of the IACUC and acts as the secretariate. The Chairperson is an ILRI senior staff member not normally involved in Animal Experimentation. Committee decisions and guidelines from the ILRI are regularly posted to the IACUC website. experimentation. regardless of location or funding. The committee meets at least twice a year. No animal can be used for experiments without written permission from the committee. International Livestock Research Insitute (ILRI) has complied voluntarily with the UK's Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 that contains guidelines and codes of practice for the housing and care of animals used in scientific procedures. Learn the steps to receive approval for research and/or teaching with animals at ILRI. The use of animals is defined as any activity involving vertebrate animals in which the natural lifestyle or movements of the animals is materially altered. feeding. and fluids obtained specifically for research or testing purposes are subject to review according to applicable regulations and may be determined to be “use of animals.” Personnel who work with animals or are at risk from animal exposure must be enrolled in a Biosafety Occupational Health Program and informed of the risks associated with the animal exposure. The committee considers the ethical issues and physical procedures associated with the housing. a Veterinarian. Use of animal carcasses. through which all PIs and Project staff using animals. The . Named Animal Care and Welfare Officer and a layperson. The committee consists of 5 persons including a Chairperson. ILRI’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) reviews all experimental procedures and experiments on animals within ILRI.

This requirement applies human research conducted by ILRI staff. dealing with emergencies and use of personal protective equipment. The IBC coordinates application procedures for biological research to ensure that research personnel have adequate occupational health monitoring as well as training in safe work practices. the IBC also reviews ongoing research for changes which would necessitate changes in procedures. It oversees the Biosafety Program at ILRI. Institutional biosafety committee The Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) is responsible for reviewing and approving biological research projects. The IBC carries out these functions pursuant to both local and international legal requirements. The IREC requires principle investigator (PI) and other research team members to complete and document appropriate training in the protection . students and the public and also to prevent damage to property and the environment. As well as considering new proposed activities. The committee ensures that laboratory activities are planned and executed in such a way that every reasonable precaution is taken to protect the health and safety of employees. visiting scientists. collaborators and staffs on and off campus regardless of the funding support for the project.committee also meets in case where an urgent matter must be resolved before the scheduled meeting. Research involving human subjects includes the collection of data about or from human subjects (including surveys) and the use of existing data (including specimens) Any change to a project after the IREC approval must be submitted for review and approval before implementing. Institutional research ethics committee IREC is established to meet both local and international regulations for protection of human subjects in research Its purpose is to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects recruited to participate in research activates conducted under the auspices of international livestock research institute (ILRI). The guideline principles of the IREC as per the Policy and Guidelines of Research Ethics (Link) The principles of respect for persons beneficence and justice are accepted as critical considerations for the ethical conduct of human subjects’ research ILRI policy and guidelines require that all research involving human subjects be reviewed and approved by IREC prior to initiation of the research. Continuing review is also required at regular intervals for certain protocols.

ly/2CC2Ic ILRI's forage genebank achieves good harvest of seeds in Ethiopia As part of the BMZ financed project ‘climate-smart crop-livestock systems for smallholders in the tropics: Integration of new forage hybrids to intensify agriculture and to mitigate climate change ..of human .. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) Experimenting with forage hybrids to improve mixed crop-livestock systems in Nicaragua http://ow. the IREC is tasked with monitoring ongoing research for adherence to country regulations and institutional policies and guidelines. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) ILRI’s forage genebank achieves good harvest of seeds in Ethiopia http://ow. Experimenting with forage hybrids to improve mixed crop-livestock systems in Nicaragua ow.

.ly Cattle being watered in Ethiopia’s Ghibe Valley (photo credit: ILRI/Stevie Mann). so they emit: Highly variable diets drive highly variable climate change ‘hoofprints’–BIG new study ow.NO. Thank you sir. shows vast differences in animal diets and emissions. The resources required to raise livestock. published yesterday. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) As livestock eat. As livestock eat. The most detailed livestock analysis to date. . so they emit: Highly variable diets drive highly variable climate change ‘hoofprints’–BIG new study http://ow..GV/12-033. Submitted by R..Every year ILRI's forage genebank plants about 900 accessions of forage germplasm to be regenerated (to produce new and more viable seeds) or multiplied (to increase the amount of seeds to make the. Anil Kumar..