Using information from observations to make reasonable early conclusions. Making various possible interpretations from single observation Using inferences as a tool to determine the appropriate additional observations. Testing the accuracy of inferences through additional observations. Give reason to an observation or making an earlier conclusion from what have been observed.

The Inferences • • • Logical inference any reason as long as it is logic. !omparing any logical reason but the answer must be in a form of comparing. !ontrolled"e#act only one specific reason is accepted.

$#amples of %uestions • • • • State two reasons based on the observation above. State an inference for the condition of the fish in the a%uarium. Give a reason for the answer given in &a' (hy is the distance of the moving trolley decreasing)



a selama 4 hari a.dan S ditanam dalam pasu yang sama sai2. SULIT .hidup subur 7.ah . /okok tersebut dibiarkan di tempat terbuka selama 4 hari !ahaya 3aun diselaputi !ahaya kotak matahari minyak matahari P Tanah kering Q tanah basah Tanag basah R S -a. .i benih di letakkan dalam bikar :0 L and M seperti ra. *+...ah di bawah. 7. Tumbuhan /0 1 dan S layu. Tumbuan . 99999999999999999999999999999999999 b.enis /0 10 .yatakan satu pemerhatian berdasarkan gambara. 3an . Lima bi.uga tanah yang sama.ah ++ 5bservation6 +.SULIT 7 EXERCISES +.. :esemua bikar itu diletakan di bawah me. -a.ah + menun.ukan pokok yang sama . a' 8eri inferens keadaan pokok S6 9999999999999999999999999999999 99999999999999999999999999999999999. 3ari pemerhatian di &a' 0 nyatakan satu inferens 999999999999999999999999999999.

L 4 +A* M B +** . The observation is recorded in Table +. @ fair test on the ability of absorption by different sponges was carried out by 1iue. =almi carried out a fair test about the relationship between the length of string and the number of swings of a pendulum in + minute. 99999999999999999999999999999999999 b ' ?rom your observation 0 state one inference. >e used three different lengths of string. 99999999999999999999999999999999999.99999999999999999999999999999 ii' .umber of swings of a pendulum in + minute A* 4* <* Table + a' ?rom the table given 0 write down your observation . @fter A minutes0 the sponges were taken out and the volume of water left in the beaker is measured and recorded in the Table 7 below. A* *+. 99999999999999999999999999999999999. .SULIT < <. Sponges Thickness of sponge &cm' Colume of water left &ml' a' : 7 7** Table 7 State two observation0 based from the table given above. are immersed in four beakers contained the same volume of water.6 i' 9999. /endulum / 1 Length of string &cm' A D E . SULIT .99999999999999999999999999999999. ?our sponges of different thickness0 :0 L0 M and . 99999999999999999999999999999999999 4.

. B +4 SULIT *+.umber of sums completed in +* minutes. /lanet Temperature of 7* ml of water &º !' Cenus D* Table < a' ?rom the table given above0 state one observation 999 999999999999999999999999999999. Saturn +* B. .SULIT 4 b' ?rom your observation in a' state one inference. The results obtained are recorded in the Table 4 below.. /upils @ 8 . 9999999999999999999999999999999999 9999999999999999999999999999999999 A. Mars 7. b ' ?rom your observation 0 state one inference 99999999999999999999999999999999999. Mars Venus Saturn 3iagram 7 @n astronaut carried out an investigation about the temperature of 7* ml of water brought by him at three different planets. /upil @ and pupil 8 compete with each other by trying to complete 7* sums given by their teacher in +* minutes. >e recorded the results in the Table < below. 9999999999999999999999999999999999. 3iagram 7 below shows the distances of the planets in a Solar system.

SULIT .. 99999999999999999999999999999999999... 999999999999999999. D.. *+.SULIT A Table 4 a' (hat can you infer from the table above.9999999999999999.. The diagram < below shows three similar handkerchiefs being hung in different ways.

*+.SULIT B / 1 - 3iagram < a' 8ased on the activities above 0 what is your observation. 3iagram 4 a' (hat is your observation) 999999999999999999999999999999999. 8oth containers are left for a week. 99999999999999999999999999999999999 99999999999999999999999999999999999 b' ?rom your observation0 state one inference. SULIT . Maya carry out a fair test.. 99999999999999999999999999999999999 99999999999999999999999999999999999 . Two mice are kept separately in two containers as shown in 3iagram 4.

SULIT D ?rom your observation 0 state one inference. E. b' 99999999999999999999999999999. ii. @ student carries out an e#periment to show that sunlight is a basic need of plants. Model F toppled over first0 followed by model G.. a' ?rom the investigation above0 state one observation. @ group of pupils arranged three models as shown in the diagram B below to investigate the stability of the models. b' ?rom your observation 0 state one inference... models of polystyrene cardboard 3iagram B (hen the cardboard was inclined slowly0 the pupils recorded their observations as follows6 i. 9999999999999999999999999999999.9999 999999999999999999999999999999999. Model = toppled over first0 followed by model F. *+.. 999999999999999999999999999999999. +* . SULIT . 999999999999999999999999999999999. 3iagram A a' 8ased from the e#periment above 0 state your observation.

SULIT . I '999999999999999999999999999999 999999999999999999999999999999. 3iagram D &i' Ta%%iuuddin moves the fulcrum closer to the load as shown in 3iagram D &ii'.. Ta%%iuuddin and his friends are carrying out an investigation. II'99999999999999999999999999999 999999999999999999999999999999. 99999999999999999999999999999999999 ++. *+. 99999999999999999999999999999999999 b' ?rom your observation 0 state one inference. 3iagram D &ii' &a' Give two observation based on the activities done by Ta%%iuuddin. >e finds it is difficult to move the load. Then he finds that it is easier to move the load.SULIT . 3iagram D &i' shows Ta%%iuuddin is trying to move a load by using a lever.

She records the time taken for each li%uid to flow completely. SULIT . 9999999999999999999999999999999999 *+. . 999999999999999999999999999999999 +<. young plants flower pot / &a' 1 State one observation from the investigation above.SULIT b' E ?rom your observation above0 state one inference. 999999999999999999999999999999 999999999999999999999999999999. 3iagram E shows an investigation carried out by a group of pupils.onie pours +** ml of milk and +** ml of shampoo in to two beakers respectively. 3iagram +* a' (hat is your observation from the investigation above. +7.

@ group of people are asked to construct three tower models of e%ual height using manila cards. Model = does not topple a' State one observation based from the investigation above. 9999999999999999999999999999999999 +A .SULIT +* b' State one inference from your observation given in a' 999999999999999999999999999999999 999999999999999999999999999999999. +4 . *+. SULIT . The results of the study is shown below . Model X Model Y Model Z $ach model is placed on an inclined plane to investigate its stability. The three models constructed by the group are shown in table below. Model F is the first to topple0 followed by model G. 9999999999999999999999999999999999 b' ?rom your observation 0 state one inference. In an investigation0 a group of pupils use a springHpowered toy car.

. 9999999999999999999999999999999999 b' ?rom your observation give one inference. 9999999999999999999999999999999999 3iagram . +B a' State one observation 0 based from the e#periment above. 99999999999999999999999999999999.SULIT ++ The table below shows their observations Number of times the spring is oun! < A D "istan#e! tra$e%e! &#m' 4* 4* 4* (ime ta)en &se#on!' +* . 99999999999999999999999999999999. *+. b' ?rom your observation0 state one inference. SULIT .. 99999999999999999999999999999999. shadow torch globe table tennis ball 3iagram .. shows an investigation carried out by a group of pupils. B a' State one observation based on the table given.. 99999999999999999999999999999999.