# Renormalization

Ch.1
Renormalization Ch.1
Quark self-energy s.1.1
I would like to calculate a one loop correction to a quark self-energy which is deined as 1PR
part of the fermion propagator:

q
(, ) =

¡

0
+

¡

0
|Σ (,
0
)]

¡

0
+

¡

0
|Σ (,
0
)]

¡

0
|Σ (,
0
)]

¡

0
+…
=

¡

0
_1 − |Σ (,
0
)]

¡

0
_
-1
=

¡

0
+ Σ (,
0
)
. (1)
Thus the correction has the form:
Σ
(1)
() = − _|] (
µ

u
)

¡

¡

0
(
v

b
)
ub
µv
() , (2)
where
µv
() is a gluon propagator. Here I would like to consider a particular form of the planar
gauge:

ub
µv
() =

ub

2
+u
_
µv

µ

v
+
v

µ

_, (3)
sothat
2
= 1andI put the external momentum
µ
= ( ⋅ )
µ
. The convenience of this deinition
is that no other -structures are generated except
¡
:
Σ =
2

P
_|]
µ
¡

¡
+
0
( − )
2

2
0
+ u

v
1

2
+ u
_
µv

µ

v
+
v

µ

_. (4)
For the sake of completeness I would like to consider a “covariant” and “non covariant” parts sep-
arately. The former one reads as follows:
Σ
c
=
2

P
_|]
(
¡

¡
) (2 − ) +
0

j( − )
2

2
0
+u[ (
2
+ u)
, (5)
the latter is
Σ
¡
= −
2

P
_|]
¡
(
¡

¡
+
0
)
¡
+
¡
(
¡

¡
+
0
)
¡

j( − )
2

2
0
+ u[ |
2
+ u] ( ⋅ )
. (6)
Averaging over all directions transverse to
¡

¡

2
( ⋅ ) =
¡

2
2
|
2
+ (
2

2
0
) − (
2
− 2 ⋅ +
2

2
0
)] →
¡

2
2
|
2
+ (
2

2
0
)] , (7)
we obtain the following expressions:
Σ
c
=
2

P
__
(1)
+

2
0

2
(
(1)

(2)
)_ _1 −

2
_
¡
+
(1)

0
_ , (8)
Σ
¡
= −2
2

P
|(2
(3)
+
(1)
)
¡
+
(1)

0
] , (9)
C: \Users \Grisha \Documents \Active work \Munchen \Renormalization \Planar gauge 2.tex p.1
Appendix
Ch.2
where the integrals
(ì)
are deined in the Appendix.
Renormalization factors s.1.2
There are two ways for further processing of Eqs.(8): either remove regularization after inte-
gration and then expand the result near mass-shell, or irstly expand the integrands near mass-
shell and then remove regularization after integration. These two possibilities are not equal since
the
2

2
limit does not commute with the → 4 limit. The former case is known as “off-shell”
renormalization while the latter is referred to as “on-shell”. The difference is clear for
(1)
integral
(15) which is proportional to:

(1)
(, ) = ‖‖ _
1
0

u
( + ̄ )
u
, (10)
where = (
2

2
) ¡
2
. The result for the regularized integrand in given by Eq. (16). However
if one expands the integrand with respect to before integration, then only a part of Eq. (16)
appears:

(1)
(, ) →
‖‖
1 − 2
2

1
(1, ; 2; ). (11)
It is clear that the last expression corresponds to the contribution of the “hard” region in the
method of expansion by regions, thus it acquires additional “infrared” singularities in compari-
son with the full result (16).
If we consider onlyΣ
c
, the off-shell renormalizationresults inthe standard renormalization
factors:

oII
2
= 1 −
̃

,
m
= 1 −
S

̃ , (12)
where ̃ =
F

S
¡ (4) and
0
=
m
, hence. The covariant part of the “on-shell” renormaliza-
tion leads to the factors well known form QED:

os
2
=
m
= 1 + ̃ _−
S

−4_. (13)
It is remarkable the self-energy in the planar gauge Σ
os
= Σ
os
c
+ Σ
os
c
yields the result for
os
2
dif-
ferent from that of the covariant gauge (13):

os
2
= 1 + ̃ _
S

− 8_. (14)
Appendix Ch.2

(1)
= _
|u]

2
j( − )
2

2
[
= _
1
0
_
|u]
|
2

2

2
− (
2

2
)]
2
= _

2

2
_
¡2-2
‖2 − ¡2‖ _
1
0

2-¡2
( + ̄ )
2-¡2
= _

2

2
_
¡2-2

(1)
_2 −

2
, _, (15)
where = (
2

2
) ¡
2
and

(1)
(, ) = ‖‖ _
1
0

u
( + ̄ )
u
= (1 − )
u-1

1-2u
‖1 − ‖2 − 1‖ +
‖‖
1 − 2
2

1
(1, ; 2; ). (16)
C: \Users \Grisha \Documents \Active work \Munchen \Renormalization \Planar gauge 2.tex p.2
Appendix
Ch.2
This result is easy to check by comparison with a tadpole:

(1)
_2 −

2
, 1_ = −‖1 − ¡2‖. (17)
The second integral is as follows:

(2)
= _
|u]

2
(
2

2
+u)
= − _

2

2
_
¡2-2
‖1 − ¡2‖. (18)
The third master integral has the form:

(3)
= _
|u]
(−2 ⋅ ) j( − )
2

2
+ u[
= _
«
0
_
|u]
]
2
+
2
j1 − (1 + )
2
[ −
2
¿
2
= ‖2 −

2
‖ _
«
1
u
(
2

2
+
2

2
)
2-¡2
= _

2

2
_
¡2-2
_2 −

2
, _, (19)
where the following integral deined:

(2)
(, ) = ‖‖ _
«
1
u
( +
2
̄ )
u
=
‖‖
2 − 1
2

1
(1, ; + 1¡2; ) , (20)
where again = (
2

2
) ¡
2
.
C: \Users \Grisha \Documents \Active work \Munchen \Renormalization \Planar gauge 2.tex p.3