Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development National Area Based Development Program Faryab Provincial Profile 1.

1 General Information

A. Geography Faryab Province is situated in the western part of the Northern Region of Afghanistan, bordering Turkmenistan in the West and North, Jawzjan and Sar-e-Pul Provinces in the East, Ghor Province in the South and Badghis Province in the South-West. The province covers an area of 21,146 km2. Around two

Demography and Population Faryab has a total population of 948724. Uzbeki is spoken by over half (53.400 24. The major ethnic groups living in Faryab province are Uzbeks and Pashtoons followed by Tajiks and Turkmens.500 19.100 Qurghan 23. Pashtu is spoken by 17% of the villages and 13% of the population.100 183.500 Pashtun Kot 94.100 Qaram Qul 9.800 Andkhoy 19. There are 135429 households in the province. stay in Faryab .600 138.600 33.200 22.300 73.500 Khwaja Sabz Posh -e-Wali 25. or 4% of the overall Kuchi population.700 79. as the following table shows: Topography Type Flat Mountainous Semi mountainous Semi flat 29. District Number of Males Number of Females Total Population Faryab Center (Maimana) 40.400 11. There are 135.400 89.7% 29% 6. The following table shows the population by district B.6% 33.400 78.600 9. The following table shows the population by district.000 24.700 68.5%) of the population and 49% of the villages.200 Kohistan 27.700 50.200 38.700 Shirin Tagab 40.400 36.500 948.400 22. spoken by the majorities in 311 villages representing 27% of the population.700 Dawlat Abad 24. Around 51% of the population is male and 49% is female.400 Almar 34. The second most frequent language is Dari.429 in the province.300 Bilchiragh 26.500 Total 483.800 67.500 19.000 49.700 Khani Charbagh 11. and households on average have 7 members.4% Source: CSO/UNFPA Social Economic and Demographic Profile Not reported 1% Total 100% The province is divided into 14 districts. In winter 98.400 38.400 Gurziwan 37.100 53.000 Source: CSO/Afghanistan Statistic Yearbook 2010-2011 Around 89% of the population of Faryab lives in rural district while 11% lives in urban areas.200 47.000 23.220 individuals.100 Qaisar 70.000 26.600 45.Thirds of the province is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain (63%) while most of the remaining third (30%) of the area is made up of flat land.800 464. Faryab province also has a population of Kuchis or nomads whose numbers vary in different seasons. and households on average have 7 members.100 38.

As the table below shows.300 138.105 89% 71. Number of people employed by government .100 in 28 communities.185 151% 72. During the summer some 230 households come to Faryab province from Balkh province. National Area Based Development Program(NABDP) efforts in Faryab NABDP has joined project of UNDP and MRRD have taken this initiative to enhance to rural economy and eliminate poverty in Faryab province the detail NABDP efforts in Faryab province is as following.700 49.541 14% 35. Institutional Framework In total the government employs 9313 people in Faryab province.256 60% 64. Maimana.926 61% 19.500 38.200 19. Almar and Shirin Tagab districts of Faryab province (in decreasing order of importance).500 68.288 79% District Faryab Center( Maimana) Pashtun Kot Almar Qaysar Kohistan Bilchiragh Gurziwan Shirin Tagab Dawlatabad Qaramqol Khani Chahar Bagh Andkhoy Khwaja Sabz Posh Qurghan Source: NABDP/MIS2012 Total NABDP Population Projects 78.800 4 7 4 3 6 5 7 5 6 7 9 7 6 4 D.100 47. Currently. Two-thirds of the migratory Kuchis are in fact partially migratory which means a varying proportion of the community remains behind in summer. Eighty five percent are short-range partially migratory. Dawlat Abad. % of People Number of People Benefited Covered By NABDP From NABDP Efforts 30.400 53.373 39% 70.433 87% 70.400 45.The Kuchi population in the summer is 101.983 39% 41. and the fifteen percent are settled. 86% of these are employees and 14% are contract workers.851 93% 53.082 547% 35.206 108% 36.465 67% 30.460 individuals. C.500 183.700 73. 5068 Kuchi households from Faryab are reported as currently living in IDP camps.700 79. Around three quarters (74%) of government workers are men and one quarter (26%) are women. In both winter and summer the Kuchi mostly stay in one location and do not migrate anymore within the season. the most important summer areas for the short range migratory Kuchi are Qaisar Kohistan.100 50.264 378% 123.

The structure of the PDC and its associated working Groups approved by the Ministry of Economy for use in all provinces is shown in the diagram below The Provincial Development Committee in Faryab province was formed in September 2005. In April 2007 UNAMA made the following assessment of the PDC in Faryab province . It also Has a number of working groups devoted to different sectors.Male Contract workers Employees Total workers 1697 5771 7468 Female 119 1586 1705 Total 1816 7357 9173 Source: CSO/Afghanistan Statistic Yearbook 2010-2011 Each province has a Provincial Development Committee (PDC) which is responsible for overseeing the progress made on implementation of the Provincial Development Plan. and which will lead the Faryab Provincial development planning process in the future. The PDC involves all government line departments and other key stakeholder groups involved in development activities in the province. each of which should be chaired by the Director of the core responsible line department.

There are also 562 Community Development Councils in the province which are active in development planning at the community and village level. Donor activities . involving 554 men and 76 women members. There are 13 District Development Assemblies ( DDAs) active in 13 districts of in the province. The following table shows the number of CDCs active in each district: District Development Assemblies Status in Faryab Province Number Of CDCs 127 87 139 0 0 0 32 45 19 Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA Mixed DDA DDA members Status of DDA Mixed DDA Male DDA Male DDA Total Male 17 15 16 0 15 16 15 16 15 Female 16 0 0 0 15 16 15 14 15 33 15 16 0 30 32 30 30 30 DDA recived Training Establish Training 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 25-Oct-10 29-Aug-10 6-Sep-09 25-Aug-09 27-Jul-09 05Oct-11 05Oct-11 15-May11 28-Nov10 27-Sep10 7-Oct-09 3-Oct-10 3-Oct-10 Ongoing 17-Oct10 27-Sep10 3-Oct-10 Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Re-election Training 30-Oct-09 19-Oct-09 13-Oct-09 DIC establi sh Grant in Aid status Establish date 30-Sep10 16-Oct10 7-Oct-10 Status Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Functioning status of PDC meetings Meeting take place regularly District Pashtun Kot Almar Qaysar Kohista n Bilchira gh Gurziw an Shirin Tagab Dawlat abad Qaramq ol Khani Chahar Bagh Andkho y Khwaja Sabz Posh Qurgha n Total 75 0 15 15 15 15 30 30 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 10-Aug-09 4-Oct-10 38 0 562 15 15 185 15 15 151 30 30 336 1-Sep-2006 1-Sep-2006 12-Sep-09 6-Sep-09 Ongoing Ongoing Source: NABDP/LIDD June 2012 E. April 2007 Faryab also has a number of other bodies which play an active role in development planning at the local level.UNAMA assessment of Provincial Development Committee in Faryab Province Supporting agencies UNAMA and PRT have provided support Source:UNAMA. Each DDA has its own District Development Plan and District and will have District Information Center (DIC) very soon.

Returnees women capacity building Water Supply. justice evaluations Health.PA. These are shown in the following table UN Operations in Faryab Province Agency UNAMA UNHCR WFP Project RRD. Education.Justice. Returnees. Food for work.capacity building women capacity building Health capacity building Micro finance capacity building Education Health . based convering all districts Maimana city. food for relief Location Maimana city. as the following table shows: Rural Infrastructure Faryab Province National and International Organizations Profile Organization Location and Coverage districts Faryab/Maimana city Faryab(All districts ) Faryab(Belcheragh) Faryab(All districts ) Faryab(All districts ) Faryab(Maimana city) Faryab( all districts) Faryab ( maimana) Faryab(All districts ) Faryab(Khuja Sabz posh) Faryab(Andkhuy.infrastructure women capacity building. Shelter. covering all district Maimana city covering all district UNDP/NABDP Local institution Development and All district of Faryab province productive Development Source: PRRD.Agriculture .HR.Maimana.Organizations play an active role in promoting development in the province.Qaysar) Faryab(maimana)now is not working . For example 4 UN agencies are currently involved in reconstruction and development projects in different parts of the education. Faryab There are also at least 58 national and international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) supporting development projects across a range of sectors in the province. Nutrition Health.DIAG. Faryab(Andkhuy) Faryab(Belcheragh) No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Organization LAOA AADA COAR NPO NRC AWSDC DACAAR AWEC SAF RASA BRAC VO UUSAFEV ATA/AP Type of Program/Activity Type capacity building.

Faryab( Andkhuy) faryab(maimana) Faryab(All districts ) Faryab(All districts) Faryab( all districts) Faryab ( maimana) Faryab(All districts ) Faryab(maimana) Faryab(maimana)now is not working .infrastructure Education Health Micro finance. Health and Skill building WAter Supply.infrastracture.Emergency food activity. Health . Education. social activity. Faryab(All districts) Faryab ( maimana) Faryab(maimana ) Faryab(maimana) maimana Faryab ( maimana) Faryab( maimana) faryab(maimana) Faryab(maiamana) Faryab( maimana) Faryab ( Shirin Tagab.Agriculture . emergency food distribution.Agriculture.Capacity building.Shelter Education .capacity building . NSP. Surveys Social Activities for blends.small loans for agriculture capacity building Agriculture Agriculture. Recovery from Opium capacity building Health and Education Devalopment Education. Agriculture. Health. Faryab ( maimana) Faryab(maimana and districts) Faryab(All districts) Andkhuy.capacity building Health.Foodac. Faryab ( maimana) Faryab/Maimana city now it is not active.Pashton kot) Faryab(maimana) Faryab(maiamana) . Humanitarian Aid Activities Education.Social Activities skill building. Eductaion. Education .social activity.15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 ECW IAM US Safe The Children Nejat Center Sanaii AHEAD Emdad Group GAA(German Agro Action) Zahiruddin Faryabi CHA ACTED NCA JAC MMRCA IRI ACD-VOCA GROP IDEA/NEW PRB ADWRO DEOW NPO/PRA RSA COAR TLO AAB ADWSO ARU STRO INTERSOS QRSBDAO EWDO Education for poor Activities.and constraction. Capacity building for women. Justice Capacity building for activities.Agriculture.Capacity building Education.

and falls to around one fifth (21%) in rural activity.Agriculture. but this is true for only 1% of rural households. Education .Health. energy. This rises to half (50%) of households in the urban area. The following table shows the kinds of toilet facilities used by households in the province: Less than hours 22 1-3 hours 7 3-6 hours 4 .social Activities. and for 4% travel to access drinking water can take up to 6 hours as the table below shows: Time required accessing main source of drinking water In community % 65 Source: NRVA2007/2008 On average only 2% of households have access to safe toilet facilities.47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 TEARFAND WECBO RDOP NRDOAW ODRA HAM WSTA AOHREP water. transport and communications is one of the key elements necessary to provide the building blocks for private sector expansion.2 Current Status of Development in the Province A. Infrastructure and Natural Resource FARAYAB(ANDKHUY) Faryab(maimana) Faryab(maimana) The provision of basic infrastructure such as water and sanitation. 2012 1. Nearly two thirds (65%) of households have direct access to their main source of drinking water within their community. Education. on average around a quarter (24%) of households use safe drinking water. In Faryab province. Education. however just over one household in five (22%) has to travel for up to an hour to access drinking water.Agriculture. increased employment and accelerated agricultural Activities. The situation is better in the urban area where 10% of households have safe Activities. Faryab(Andkhuy) Faryab(maimana) Faryab(Andkhuy) faryab(maimana) 55 DDSO 56 AWA 57 JDAI Agriculture 58 WRDOAW Agriculture. equitable economic Education. Education Source: PRRD/NABDP/Faryab.Agriculture.

B.8 10.5 0 21. and only three quarters of these (9%) have access to public electricity. and around a third (35%) able to take car traffic in some seasons. Gravelled road (Km) 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 50 45 0 12 0 30 7.4% of households in Faryab province have access to electricity with the majority of these relying on public electricity. however this figure falls to just 12% in rural areas.5 0 40 30 0 0 0 0 100 2969 850 3. However. As far as telecommunications are concerned. with 34% of roads in the province able to take car traffic in all seasons.25 District Name Paved road (Km) Pashtun Kot Almar Qaysar Kohistan Bilchiragh Gurziwan Shirin Tagab Dawlatabad Qaramqol Khani Chahar Bagh Andkhoy Khwaja Sabz Posh Qurghan Total Source: NABDP/MIS 2012 Unpaved road (Km) % access to road 0 0 200 80% 180 70% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 70% 272 95% 30 92% 83 0 40 0 1055 5% 0 10% 30% 34% The transport infrastructure in Faryab is reasonably well developed.95 4025. in nearly a quarter (22%) of the province there are no roads at all. Roshan Mobile Company has signals along the main road Mazar-Faryab and in Maymana city with 15km radius around the city. Access to electricity is much greater in the urban area where 64% of households have access to electricity.Toilet required accessing main source of drinking water None/bush open field) Dearan/Sarah( area in compound but not pit) Open pit Traditional covered laterine % 2 4 13 79 2 0 Improved latrine Flush laterine Source: NRVA 2007/2008 On average 32.5 146. Economic Governance and Private Sector Development .

dried fruits and animal leather. The majority of commercial activity in Faryab is related to trade in carpets. Pashtun Kot. Shirin Tagab. Qaisar and Sherin Tagab. is key to promoting economic growth.375 members. the sector of small industries is inexistent in Faryab. This was about three times more people than in 2006 when the figure was only 11. and Alamar. Khwaja Sabz poshi Wali. Industrial commodities such as cotton. In 2011 agricultural cooperatives controlled a total of 130. For all practical purposes. employment creation and poverty reduction.Creating the conditions in which a dynamic and competitive private sector can flourish. More than three villages out five producing sesame are located in Pashtun Kot. Dawlat Abad. tobacco and herbs occupy many villages in Faryab.000 tons. A little more than one third (34%) of households in rural areas and around one quarter (24%) of households in urban areas earn income through non-farm related labour. As a result of this. including 60% of rural households and 27% of households in the urban area. each member held a share in the capital of the cooperative to the value of 17. and Gurziwan. Qaisar and Gurziwan are the major producers of tobacco.403 Ha of land and achieved a surplus of products for sale of 9. These three districts account for 53 percent of all the villages producing Karakul. Fifty eight percent of rural households and 38% of urban households own or manage agricultural land or garden plots in the province.000Afs. Qaisa. especially Khwaja Sabz Poshi Wali are the major producers of cotton. Agriculture is the major source of revenue for over half (53%) of households in Faryab province. sesame. Rural (%) 60 23 4 22 16 34 7 3 Urban (%) 27 6 0 62 25 24 3 5 Total(%) 53 27 3 25 25 15 31 6 . However. with the exception of Karakul skin which is produced in 55 villages particularly concentrated in Almar. around two thirds (62%) of households in the urban area and over one fifth (22%) of households in rural areas derive some income from trade and services.358. Livestock accounts for income for nearly a quarter (23%) of rural households and one quarter (25%) of urban households derive income from manufacturing as the following table shows Source of income reported by households Source of income Agriculture Livestock Opium Trade and service Manufacture Non-farm labor Remittance Other Source:NRVA2007/2008 In 2011 there were 171 Agricultural cooperatives active in Faryab involving 46. Faryab is both an agricultural and an industrial province.817 members.

and carpets. Agriculture and Rural Development Enhancing licit agricultural productivity.6kg Source: NRVA 2007/8 On average 37% of households in the province have access to irrigated land. In 2011. Rugs are produced in a large number of villages in three districts: Qaisar. barley. potatoes and flax. rural development will be a key element of progress in Faryab. Carpets are mainly produced in two districts: Qaisar and Shirin Tagab which account for just under half (48%) of all villages producing carpets. More than half of the villages specializing in jewelry in Faryab are located in Almar.Silk is also produced in seven villages.8kg 14 DAP % Average kg per households 111. Two other items are also produced in a reasonable number of villages: jewelry. 29% of households in Faryab reported taking out loans. a small percentage was Used to invest in economic activity such as agricultural inputs (6%). The most important field crops grown in Faryab province include wheat. business investment (6%) and buying land (1%). The most common crops grown in garden plots include grapes. and four-fifths (81%) of Rural households and more than half (57%) of urban households have access to rain-fed land as the Following table shows: . and another third in Qaisar. fruit and nut trees. clover or other fodder. As agriculture represents the major source of income for more than half of the households in the province. The same two districts house 63% of all the villages producing shawls. and Shirin Tagab whichaccount for more than half (56%) of rug production. creating incentives for non-farm investment. and shawls. The main types of fertilizer used by households in the province are shown in the following table: Main type of fertilizer used by households Human % Animal % Urea % Average kg per households 30 44 39 124. The sector of handicraft is dominated by rugs. and alfalfa. maize. households and communities to participate licitly and productively in the economy. and supporting access to skills development and financial services will allow individuals. vegetables and produce such as potatoes. C. A little more than one third (35%) of households with access to fertilizer use this on field crops and around the same proportion (32%) use this on garden plots and both field and garden (33%). developing rural infrastructure. Of these loans. Kohistan.

while nearly one third of men are literate (31%). The overall literacy rate in Faryab province is 18. Education Ensuring good quality education and equitable access to education and skills are some of the important ways to raise human capital. and also for women the figure shows a decrease to 17%. The most commonly owned livestock are donkey. D. 98% of Kuchi households and 41% of households in urban areas in the province own livestock or poultry. In the population aged between 15 and 24 the situation for men is a little lower with 28% literacy. sheep and goats. this is true for just over one fifth of women (22%).2%. The Kuchi population . reduce poverty and facilitate economic growth.Households(%) access to irrigated and rainfed land Rural Access to irrigated land Access to rain-fed land Source:NRVA2005 The available amount of irrigated and rain-fed lands in Faryab districts are as following Total amount of land (Jereb) 0 25600 75000 0 0 0 0 200000 169794 45000 Cultivated Land (Jereb) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Irrigated land (Jereb) 0 600 46000 0 0 0 0 20000 0 45000 90696 0 3500 88435 294231 37 81 Urban 44 39 Average 39 79 District Name Rainfed-land (Jereb) 0 25000 145000 0 0 0 0 180000 0 0 0 0 3500 85000 438500 Forest area (Hectare) 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 35 0 65 Pashtun Kot Almar Qaysar Kohistan Bilchiragh Gurziwan Shirin Tagab Dawlatabad Qaramqol Khani Chahar Bagh 0 Andkhoy 0 Khwaja Sabz Posh 7000 Qurghan 173435 Total 695829 Source: NABDP/DDPs 2012 Seventy percent of rural households. however.

Amongst the Kuchi population. In 2010. Of those.1% of women able to read and write. The Higher Education Institute of Faryab has four faculties including Training and Education. (47%) women (53%). (56%) women (44%). Social Sciences and Science. In 2010 There were 1296 students enrolled at the Institute. Secondary schools are located in village for fewer than one student in twenty (4%) and at less than five kms for one student in four (25%). But another two students in six have to travel more than 10km to reach their nearest primary school. Faryab province also has some higher education facilities. Agriculture. There is also an On the Job Region Andkhoy Faryab School which had 367 students.8% of men and 0. however the figure is a little more than one third of boys (37%) and one quarter of girls (26%). E. There is an Agricultural vocational high school with 20 teachers catering for a total of 424 students. all Of whom are men. But 60% of secondary students have to travel more than 10kms to reach their nearest secondary school. one quarter (27%) of whom are women. For primary students. no Kuchi children attend school in either the winter or summer months.9% of children between 6 and 13 are enrolled in school. Overall there are 437 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 256.614 students. Boys account for 61% of students and 71% of schools are boys’ schools. Health . 21% of whom were men And 79% women. On average 54. Primary School Education In Faryab Province School Boys Girls 105 105 38 248 Student Boys Girls Male 75 111628 85428 85 29628 20408 29 189 Teacher Female 2668 663 1016 4347 5981 699 231 704 1634 6431 3091 147687 108927 Total 437 256614 Source:CSO/Afghanistan Statistic Yearbook 2010-2011 Primary Secondary High School Accessibility to schools appears to be quite problematic for large segments of the student population with the possible exception of that of primary schools. wheras nearly three quarters (72%) of students have to travel more than 10kms to reach their nearest high school. There are 5981teachers working is schools in the Faryab province. 60students graduated from the Agriculture Vocational High School. and less than five kilometers away for 17%. and two in six (37%) have to travel less than 5km. 243 Students were in their first year. High schools exist in village for about 2% of the province has particularly low levels of literacy with just 0. 524 students 512 male and 10 female live in Dormitories provided by the Institute. one in six (17%) has a primary school in their village.

In addition. In 2011 there were 58 health facilities. The level of economic hardship in Faryab is lower than in many other provinces. F. as the following table shows Comparison of overall economic situation compared to one year ago Much worse Households (%) 4 Worse 31 Same 44 Slightly better 21 Much better 0 Source: NRVA 2007/2008 In 2010. A basic infrastructure of health services Exists in Faryab province. Social Protection Building the capacities. of the 29% of households who reported taking out loans. which reached a total of 235.16 Comprehensive Health Center. There were also 184 doctors and 301 nurses employed by the Ministry of Health working in the Province. increase life expectancy and enable the Whole population to participate in sustainable development. around one-sixth (15%) of households in the province reported having problems satisfying their food needs at least 3 – 6 times a year and another third (34%) of households faced this problem up to three times a year. and 44% of households reported feeling that it had remained the same. which represented 40% increase in the number of doctors (up from 57) and over three and a Half times the number of nurses (up from 59) since 2006.2 District Hospital and one provincial hospital with 200 beds. More than a third (39%) said that the main use of their largest loan was to buy food. more than half (55%) of all households in the province report having been negatively affected by some unexpected event in the last year. 21 Basic Health Center.Ensuring the availability of basic health and hospital services. People living in urban areas were . In the same year around a third (35%) of households in the province felt that their economic situation had got worse compared to a year ago. 64% of the population of Faryab province received allocations of food aid.755 beneficiaries.11 sub-health center. which was beyond their control. four mobile clinic. as the following table shows Food consumption classification for all households Low dietary diversity Households (%) Very poor consumption Rural Total 10 9 46 49 Poor consumption Better dietary diversity Slightly better food consumption 33 31 Better food consumption 11 13 Source: NRVA 2007/2008 In 2010. In 2005. and developing human resources in the Health sector is essential to reduce the incidence of disease. opportunities and security of extremely poor and vulnerable Afghans through a process of economic empowerment is essential in order to reduce poverty and increase self-reliance.

There is also regular anti-western preaching in some mosques.most vulnerable to shocks related to drinking water problems and agriculture shocks whereas those in rural areas were most at risk from natural disasters and agriculture shocks as the following table shows: Households experiencing shocks in the province(%) Type of shocks Drinking water Agricultural Natural Disaster Insecurity Financial Health or epidemic Source: NRVA2007/2008 Rural 44 58 63 1 17 2 Urban 62 54 41 5 16 2 Average 43 59 64 1 15 2 Of those households affected. Law and Human Rights Establishing and strengthening government institutions at the central and sub-national levels is essential to achieve measurable improvements in the delivery of services and the protection of rights of all Afghans No relevant data analyst at provincial level available from national source have been identified in this area H. in 2007 for the first time the Taliban claimed responsibility for improvised explosive device attacks against International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) in Maimana City which opens a new chapter in recent history in Faryab. Police numbers are weak in some districts such as Kohistan and Gorziwan and without strong support and an increase in number these areas could become hot spots in the future. However. Governance. over three quarters (78%) reported that they had not recovered at all from Shocks experienced in the last 12 months and more than one fifth (22%) said they had recovered only Partially G. Security Ensuring a legitimate monopoly on force and law enforcement that provides a secure environment for the fulfillment of the rights of all Afghans is essential to ensure freedom of movement for people. and to promote social and economic development. . commodities and ideas. There is some involvement of local people in supporting the activity of anti-government elements and recently there have been some arrests by the National Security Directorate for possible involvement in anti-government activity in Faryab. A recent assessment made by the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) reported that the Security situation in Faryab Province remains relatively calm. Power struggles between the major political parties tend to spill over into the main centre where violent demonstrations have become a common occurrence.

National Risk Vulnerability Assessment NRVA 2005 14. Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development www. National Risk Vulnerability Assessment NRVA 2007-2008 10. World Bank/Afghanistan provincial brief 2011 Criminality Organized Crime and The presence and criminal activity of illegal armed groups is less visible in the more developed areas such as district centres and main Afghanistan Institute for Rural Development AIRD Ministry of Public Health of Afghanistan night letters have been distributed urging the local population to support a group of Islamic fighters fighting Jihad with a note that refusal to do so might carry 6. Source: UNDSS Profile provided by UNAMA Profile compiled by: Qanbar Ali Zareh /PMSU/NABDP/MRRD elements(AGE) 1. Faryab Province district development plan update . Ministry of 12. Ministry of Economy of Afghanistan Irrigation and Livestock www. Afghanistan Statistic Yearbook 2010-2011.moec. Gorziwan and Kohistan 3. National Solidarity Program NSP www. Local populations still possesses a huge number of different types of weapons Antigovernment There are still anti-government elements active in Maimana and Kate Qala.The UNDSS assessment highlights the following key factors of insecurity in the province Factor of insecurity Illegal groups(IAGs) Armed The Disarmament.mrrd. Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) and Disarmament of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG) projects have not been successful in the past. especially Bilchiragh. Ministry of Education www. Provincial profile 2007 13. National Area Based Development Program NABDP 9. Prior to incidents of insecurity in these 8. however in the rural areas and especially in the remote parts of the province local commanders are still a powerful force and they are involved in many illegal activities and organized crime Narcotics Compared to other provinces there is little poppy cultivation in Faryab but the province still remains one of the most important transit areas for drug Central Statistical Office

15. National Area Based Development Program/MIS2012-05-14 17. Local institutional Development Department/MIS 2012 18. Monitoring Evaluation and Reporting Department Report data 2012-05-14 19. Faryab Provincial Development Department 16. All District Development Plan(DDP) of the Faryab Province .