Explosives Chemical explosive material having an extremely high reaction rate that creates very high combustion pressures

, unlike low explosives that have a much lower reaction rate and are commonly used as propellants. High explosives are further categorized as primary- and secondaryhigh explosive. rimary-high explosives are very sensitive, can be detonated easily and are generally used only in percussion and electrical detonators. !econdary-high explosives are less sensitive, re"uire a high-energy shock wave to achieve detonation and are safer to handle. !econdary-high explosives are used in almost all elements of a ballistic chain, other than the detonator, such as in detonating cord and shaped charges. #etonator $ device containing primary high-explosive material that is used to initiate an explosive se"uence. %he two common types of detonators are electrical detonators &also known as blasting caps' and percussion detonators. Electrical detonators have a fuse material that burns when high voltage is applied to initiate the primary high explosive. ercussion detonators contain abrasive grit and primary high explosive in a sealed container that is activated by a firing pin. %he impact force of the firing pin is sufficient to initiate the ballistic se"uence that is then transmitted to the detonating cord. !everal safety systems are used in con(unction with detonators to avoid accidental firing during rig-up or rig-down. !afety systems also are used to disarm the gun or ballistic assembly if downhole conditions are unsafe for firing. #etonating cord $ cord containing high-explosive material sheathed in a flexible outer case, which is used to connect the detonator to the main high explosive. %his provides an extremely rapid initiation se"uence that can be used to fire several charges simultaneously.