NSN Green Energy Solution (Rel. 1.

1) Maintenance Training

Company Confidential 1 © Nokia Siemens Networks

Contents
NSN Green Energy gy Solution Overview Energy Solution Architecture and Operation NSN GreenC Maintenance

Company Confidential

NSN GreenC

Company Confidential

NSN GreenC Overview
Two Diesel Generators Control Or One Generator + Bad Grid Connection

Rectifier Control

Energy Consumption Load

Battery Control

Company Confidential

Solution Description Solar Panels Wind Turbines Solar Charge C t ll Controller NSN GreenC Wind Energy gy Controller Company Confidential Battery Bank Generator .

Contents NSN Green Energy gy Solution Overview Energy Solution Architecture and Operation NSN GreenC Maintenance Company Confidential .

NSN GreenC Architecture Company Confidential .

blink green if OK In case of 1DG version version. netwatcher will be lit if AC is available Depending if AC source Genset is available LED will be lit Company Confidential MAN/AUTO: Indicates GreenC operational state Service LED: Indicates service is required / Boost Charging is ON Alarm LED: Indicate “a” alarm (as of 1) is raised .Physical Inspection of GreenC (1 DG Layout) -1/5 So called heartbeat signal of PLC.

blink green if OK In case of 2DG version. respective LED will be lit Company Confidential MAN/AUTO: Indicates GreenC operational state Service LED indicates service is required Al Alarm LED indicate i di t “a” “ ” alarm l (as ( of f 1) i is raised i d .Physical Inspection of GreenC (2 DG Layout) -2/5 So called heartbeat signal of PLC. one of both netwatchers will be lit if AC is available Depending on what AC source (Grid or Genset 1 / 2) is available.

Physical Inspection of GreenC (2 DG Layout) -3/5 LED of respective relay will be lit when activated LED of respective relay will be lit when activated Will be green when operational. out when not functioning or defect. LED off does not mean defect: Please consult lt drawings d i f for correct indication details Company Confidential .

LED off does not mean defect: Please consult lt drawings d i f for correct indication details Company Confidential .Physical Inspection of GreenC (1 DG Layout) -4/5 LED of respective relay will be lit when activated LED of respective relay will be lit when activated Will be green when operational. out when not functioning or defect.

Check for any accidental physical damage in the controller. Check PLC display. ports. Check if all Input/output connectors from PLC are well fixed by pushing them in to place.Physical y Inspection p of GreenC -5/5 Check for cable wire faults like over heat. Check if no relays y are loose by yp pressing g all of them down in to place. switches etc. Check if all bridges are well positioned by pressing them down. Check Alarms individually and thoroughly. cut etc. place Check if both connectors on Traco Transformer/converters are well inserted. burnt. Company Confidential .

Front Panel LED Indication LED1 (Top LED) RED: Manual Operation Mode GREEN: Automatic Operation Mode LED2 (Middle (Middl LED) RED: Generator Service Alarm ORANGE: Boost Charging Active GREEN: None of The Above LED3 (Bottom LED) RED: One or More Alarms Pending GREEN: None of The Above Company Confidential .

g generator or rectifier maintenance.NSN GreenC Shelf Control Buttons -1/2 Mode Knob Manual position. k b turn t right. . turn left to put system in manual mode. This mode should only be active if maintenance is occurring on site. All automated functions of the controller will be executed. i ht this thi mode d is i the th normal l operation ti for the controller. Company Confidential . The generator will not start at a pre-defined time to start a charge cycle Automatic A t ti knob.

respective light will come on to identify y the p power source. Start generator manually and turn bypass knob to the right p position The AC from generator will be bypassed to the rectifier to keep the site alive and charge batteries. Power P source indication i di ti Upon detection of AC from gen 1 or gen 2.NSN GreenC Shelf Control Buttons -2/2 Bypass knob To be used only if PLC malfunction. Company Confidential .

Two Generator PLC Inputs p DI01-DI16 – 16 Digital Intpus Used for digital alarm/sensor inputs UI01-UI03 – 3 Universal Inputs Reserved Inputs for future use AI01-AI06 – 6 Analog Inputs Used for analog sensor inputs (like current values/temperature etc) VOUT Supply output GND Ground AIGND Analog Input Ground Company Confidential .

DC Input to PLC 24Vdc IN PLC Voltage supply Input GND Ground RS485+ / RS485.Two Generator PLC Outputs p DO01-DO18 DO01 DO18 – 18 Digital Outputs Used for outputs to relay triggers SP01-SP02 – 2 Spare IN+ / IN. For Communication Port PLC Configuration RS485G RS485 Ground Company Confidential .

Two Generator Alarm Connections Alarm Output Ports Company Confidential .

Two Generator AC Connections Neutral Company Confidential 3 PHASE 3-PHASE INPUTS Ground .

Two Generator Contactors and Power Supply AC/DC Power Convertors Contactors – To switch Power source DC/DC Power Convertor Company Confidential .

Two Generator Netwatcher Two Netwatchers for reading di AC Input Supply Voltage Company Confidential .

keys Ex:a1>a2>a3 Up and Down Keys are used for modifying values Centre Key to be used for Enter/Save Options Company Confidential . d this thi will ill scroll ll through th h the different pages. the k keys PG UP and d PG DN can be b used.GreenC Interface Navigation g Tree For navigation through the menus in the GreenC display. Ex: a1>b1>c1… For navigation within a page use left and right keys.

1/8 Section Page Details Current Operation Mode A1. Version Info Kernel Version Application pp cat o Version e so A.ini file read . Status of last config.Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC. Config File currently loaded config.ini file to be read Read into memory. Ethernet Info IP Assigned By DHCP Or Fixed IP Address. Address Subnet Mask & Gateway Company Confidential ACTION: Pressing O will cause the A5. General Controller A3. Location Info Latitude & Longitude Location ID I f Information ti A4. Start-up/Main Currently Used AC Source (If Charging) screen Date & Time A2.

Charging C Information C2. Temperature Information Page Details Rack temperatures B1. mode C. Charging Settings 2 Company Confidential . Temperatures Battery temperatures Outdoor temperatures C1.Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC.2/8 Section B. Charge Status Charging / Discharging Battery voltage & current Battery state of charge (SOC) SOC trigger Time trigger 2nd time trigger Day frequency trigger Battery low voltage charge trigger EQU charge trigger ACTION: Pressing O will run a single charge cycle in AUTO mode. Charging Settings 1 C3.

Battery Current Load Current Rectifier Current Solar & Wind Current ( (If Configured) g ) Load Power Rectifier Power Solar & Wind Power (If Configured) Will only y appear pp in MANUAL mode. C4. Site Currents D.3/8 Section Page Details Manual Charge Status ACTION: Pressing O will toggle a Boost charge g cycle y in MANUAL mode. That is OP_MODE = 1. Charge Manual D1. Note: This charge cycle will not automatically stop if left in MANUAL mode and will continue indefinitely until either O is pressed again or system switches to AUTO mode. Site Electrical I f Information ti D2.Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC. Site Instantaneous Power (W) Company Confidential .

.Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC. Site Total Energy gy ( (kWh) ) D4. Site Yesterday-Total Energy (kWh) Details Rectifier Energy Load Energy Solar & Wind Energy gy ( (If Configured) g ) Grid Energy Rectifier energy Load energy Solar & Wind energy (if configured) Grid energy Rectifier energy Load energy Solar & Wind energy (if configured) Grid energy D. Site Electrical Information D6.4/8 Section Page D3. Day-Total y & Yesterday) y) counters ( Company Confidential . Reset Energy ACTION: Press O to reset ALL energy Total Values (Total. Site DayTotal Energy (kWh) D5.

Generator 1 Reset Service Company Confidential . Generator 1 Status Details Status of Generator 1 Generator 1 Alarm information ACTION: If in MANUAL MODE. Press O to start / stop Generator 1.Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC. Generator 1 E2 Runtime E3. E. . Current actual runtime Last cycle runtime Average runtime over all cycles since last reset Configured Service Cycle Hours Until Next Service Total Runtime since last Reset ACTION: Press O To Reset Generator 1 Service Interval. Generator Information E2. Generator 1 E3 Service Information E4.5/8 Section Page E1.

Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC. Generator 2 Status Generator 2 screens will only appear if Site is configured with two generators. Generator 2 Reset Service Company Confidential . E6. That is AC_SOURCE_CON FIG = 1.6/8 Section Page E5. Generator 2 E6 Runtime E7. Details Current Actual Runtime Last Cycle Runtime Average g Runtime Over All Cycles y Since Last Reset Or Initial Commissioning Current actual runtime Last cycle runtime Average runtime over all cycles since last reset Configured service cycle Hours until next service Total Runtime since last reset ACTION: Press O To Reset Generator 1 Service Interval. Generator 2 E7 Service Information E8.

G3 Alarm G3. Fuel Level Alarm & Flow Information G1. Fuel Level F. G2 Alarm List 2 G2.Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC.7/8 Section Page F1. Alarm List 1 Fuel Level Alarm Fuel Flow Calibration (if configured) Current Fuel Low (if configured Generator 1 Alarm Generator 2 Alarm General Alarm OUTPUT 1 OUTPUT 2 Config Read Alarm Generator Service Alarm F l Low Fuel L Al Alarm Fuel High Alarm Details Tank Size Fuel Level in % and litres G Alarm List G. Fuel Information F2. Al List Li t 3 Company Confidential .

Alarm List G5. Grid Information H2 . Grid Information H. Grid Information Individual phase voltages. Alarm List 4 G.8/8 Section Page G4. currents and powers measured by energy meter Details Fuel Delta Alarm Battery Voltage Low Alarm High Temperature Alarm Smoke Alarm Grid Availability Company Confidential . Alarm List 5 H1 .Navigation g Table of NSN GreenC.

4 Load:0 Sol:0Wind:0 Grid:0 D6 ENERGY RESET PRESS O TO RESET ENERGY COUNTER Company Confidential .183334 LONG: 4.1 Mode: AUTOAC Source: NONE 2010/03/29 10:13:20 A2 VERSION INFO Kernel: V1.00V EQU CHARGE DISABLE PRESS O TO CHARGE C4 CHARGE MANUAL CHARGE STATUS: OFF PRESS O TO TOGGLE BOOST CHARGE D1 CURRENT (A) Battery: 56 Load: 0 Rect: 56 Solar: 0 Wind: 0 D2 POWER (W) Load: 0 Rect:30889 Sol: 0 Wind: 0 D3 TOT ENERGY (KWH) Rect:319.1/2 A1 VERSION 1.255.4 Load:0 Sol:0Wind:0 Grid:0 D5 YESTERDAY(KWH) Rect:319.0G W:0.6 OUTDOOR: 25.4 Load:0 Sol:0Wind:0 Grid:0 D4 DAY ENERGY (KWH) Rect:319.196 MASK:255.255.833333 LOCATION ID: 1 A4 IP ADDRESS (FIX) ADDR:10.20.30 Application: F223 A3 LOCATION INFO LAT: 51.0.0 A5 CONFIG FILE PRESS O TO READ CONFIG FILE STATUS: ERROR B1 TEMP (degC) RACK: 25.6 C1 CHARGE STATUS CHARGING U:75.5.34V I:56A SOC (%): NA C2 CHARGE SETTINGS 1 SOC TRIGGER DISABLE TIME TRIGGER: 20:00 2ND:0h FREQ:0d C3 CHARGE SETTINGS 2 CHARGE UBAT < 47.6 BATTERY: 25.Navigation g Tree of NSN GreenC.0.

5 253 3.00 0 00 G1 ALARM LIST 1/5 A GEN1 FALSE B GEN2 FALSE C GENERAL FALSE G2 ALARM LIST 2/5 D OUTPUT1 FALSE E OUTPUT2 FALSE F CONFIG READ FALSE G3 ALARM LIST 3/5 G GEN SERVICE FALSE H FUEL LO FALSE I FUEL HI FALSE G4 ALARM LIST 4/5 J FUEL DELTA FALSE K BATT LOW FALSE L HI TEMP FALSE G4 ALARM LIST 5/5 M SMOKE ALARM FALSE H1 GRID INFO GRID UNAVAILABLEL H2 P1 P2 P3 V(V) 240 240 240 I(A) 2.Navigation g Tree of NSN GreenC.2 2 P(W) 600 864 768 Company Confidential .00 FLOW: 0.6 63 3.2/2 E1 GEN1 STATUS GEN1 : ALARM GEN1 START ALARM PUSH O TO START GEN1 E2 GEN1RUNTIME Actual : 0h0m Last Cycle: 0h0m Average : 0h0m E3 GEN1 SERVICE Service Cycle: 250h Service in : 250h Tot Runtime: 0h 0m E4 GEN1 RST SERVICE PRESS O TO RESET GEN1 SERVICE INTERVAL E5 GEN2 STATUS GEN2 : ALARM GEN2 START ALARM PUSH O TO START GEN2 E6 GEN2 RUNTIME Actual : 0h0m Last Cycle: 0h0m Average : 0h0m E7 GEN2 SERVICE Service Cycle: 250h Service in : 250h Tot Runtime: 0h 0m E8 GEN2 RST SERVICE PRESS O TO RESET GEN2 SERVICEI NTERVAL F1 FUEL LEVELTANK SIZE: 1000L LEVEL: 56% FUEL LEFT: 560L F2 FUEL ALARM & FLOW LEVEL ALARM: OK FLOW CALIB: 0.

Contents NSN Green Energy gy Solution Overview Energy Solution Architecture and Operation NSN GreenC Maintenance Company Confidential .

GreenC Internal Alarms and Reset -1/6 Company Confidential .

only if gen2 or grid is not supplying power Company Confidential . position either from generator or from the grid. R3 – AC2 available Indication that alternated current is being detected in AC2 position. the bypass knob needs to be turned to normal position R2 – AC1 available Indication that alternated current is being detected in AC1 position To reset. generator 1 needs to be stop.GreenC Internal Alarms and Reset -2/6 Green C creates its own alarms. R1 . which can be observed in the remote monitoring tool or also sent to BTS from connection points R1 to R12.Green Controller bypass yp active Indication that Green controller is in bypass mode (emergency mode) To reset. To reset.

GreenC Internal Alarms and Reset -3/6 R4 . To reset this alarm you need to turn the system to manual and back to automatic.e external te a p physical ys ca a alarm a o of t the e ge generator. t O Occurs if controller t ll give i the th command d to t stop t generator and still AC is detected.Generator x service interval One of the generator has reached the maximum programmed running time (defined in parameters . e ato Ge Generator failed to start. and no AC is detected. Company Confidential . after intervention in the generator concerned. Occurs if controller give command to start generator.GENx_SERVICE_INTERVAL) To reset. go to GreenC di l E4 or E8 and display d press 0 R5 – Generator 1 alarm This alarm is a sum of 3 conditions: Gen1 external e te a a alarm. a . but only possible if none of these conditions are active. Generator G t failed f il d to t stop.

generator.Fuel low (only with NSN green energy controller analogue fuel sensor) Indication that fuel is below the parameter defined FUEL_LEVEL_LOW. Generator failed to stop. Company Confidential in . Occurs if controller g give command to start Generator failed to start. detected To reset this alarm you need to turn the system to manual and back to automatic.GreenC Internal Alarms and Reset -4/6 R6 – Generator 2 alarm This alarm is a sum of 3 conditions Gen2 external alarm. external physical alarm of the generator. Occurs if controller give the command to stop generator and still AC is detected. but only possible if none of this conditions is still active. and no AC is detected. To reset this alarm the fuel needs to be above the defined value. R7 . .

value R7&R8 – Fuel F l Theft Th ft (only ( l with ith NSN green energy controller analogue fuel sensor) Alarm indicates that there was a decrease of the fuel level above the value defined in parameter FUEL_DELTA_HIGH. If this alarm is active. To reset this alarm. a tomatic Company Confidential . controller needs to be put in manual mode and back to automatic. both Fuel low and fuel high alarms will be active. during an interval of time defined in parameter FUEL_DELTA_TIME. values defined in Litre/minutes.GreenC Internal Alarms and Reset -5/6 R8 – Fuel High (only with NSN green energy controller analogue fuel sensor) Indication that fuel is above the value defined in FUEL_LEVEL_HIGH) To reset this alarm the fuel needs to be below the defined value.

l Indication that the controller is in manual mode by action of turning manual knob.High temperature alarm Indicates high temperature on green energy controller rack or battery temperature Triggered gge ed by te temperature pe atu e when e te temperature pe atu e reaches eac es abo above e t the e values a ues on parameters T_RACK_HIGH or T_BAT_HIGH R11 – Manual M l mode d alarm.GreenC Internal Alarms and Reset -6/6 R9 . Company Confidential . To reset this alarm controller needs to be in automatic mode.Battery Low Voltage Triggered When Voltage Of The Batteries Reaches Below Value specified In parameter U_BAT_MIN Alarm can be reset only if battery voltage rises above pre-defined value R10 .

Cable between cabinet bi t and d generator t is i faulty 2.1/8 F l Fault P Possible ibl Causes C A i Required Action R i d If PIU is faulty.Controller Troubleshooting g . Check AC circuit breaker of generator AC Input Power Failure From Generator: Repair/ Replace the cable If OFF. Check AC circuit breaker of grid 1. From Grid Supply: 2. Repair/ p Replace If OFF. turn it ON Company Confidential . OFF turn it ON 1 Check the PIU 1. y.

AC Output power failure Within Controller: 1 NW1 F 1. OFF turn it ON Repair/ Replace the bridge Company Confidential . Check for MANUAL and AUTO modes AC Input Within Power Failure Controller: 2. Check for normal and bypass operation 3. Contractors Failure A i Required Action R i d If in MANUAL. . Failure il Contact OEM 2. turn it to AUTO Mode If OFF. Check the functioning of f VAGO single i l phase h bridge on the controller.Controller Troubleshooting g – 2/8 F l Fault P Possible ibl Causes C 1.

turn it ON If in MANUAL MANUAL. Rectifier Faulty 3.Controller 1 Controller is in MANUAL mode Action Required Repair/ Replace Cable Repair/ Replace Rectifier If OFF. Check cable between 1 controller and Rectifier AC Output Failure: From Rectifier: 2.Controller Troubleshooting g . turn it to AUTO Mode Company Confidential . Check circuit 3 breakers of rectifier Generator Failed to Start Within Controller 1.3/8 Fault Possible Causes 1.

4/8 Fault Possible Causes Action Required Detach wires from GreenC (R16-11 & R1614) & short circuit to simulate remote start Check the 4 orange connectors in PLC Check and repair the wiring Check configuration settings for GreenC for Battery charging 2. relay not powered 4. Loose pin connections. Wiring from GreenC to Generator Controller is faulty 5.Controller Troubleshooting g . In Automatic mode Battery Voltage Threshold not reached Company Confidential Generator failed to start Within Controller . Remote Start/ Stop wiring 3.

LLOP and HCT 3.5/8 Fault Possible Causes From Rectifier 1 Circuit Breaker of 1. Fuses are out Generator failed to start From Generator Action Required Check why and turn it ON Check battery fuses Check and OPEN the LLOP and CLOSE the HCT Check and top up the fuel. rectifier is OFF 1. 2. Fuel Level Low Company Confidential .Controller Troubleshooting g .

Controller Troubleshooting g . repair/replace / if f damaged 4. within generator 1. Air Locking Generator failed to start From Generator 5 Mechanical failure 5. Controller is in bypass mode Within Controller 2. Contact OEM for Generator Check the faults and put system back in normal mode Check four orange connectors and Traco power supplies. PLC is not getting input 24Vdc power PLC of GreenC not responding Company Confidential .6/8 Fault Possible Causes Action Required Check and remove Air Locking.

blown 4. PLC is broken Action Required Open PLC cover and replace the fuse Replace GreenC PLC of GreenC not responding Within Controller PLC initialising problem PLC display values incorrect Company Confidential Within Controller 1.Controller Troubleshooting g . Configuration problem Controller while commissioning .7/8 Fault Possible Causes 3 Internal fuse of PLC is 3. PLC entered cyclic boot sequence Re-flashing of PLC is required Redo the configuration settings and change required parameters Within 1.

Hall's effect current 2 transducer is defective Action Required Replace Hall's Effect Transducer Company Confidential .Controller Troubleshooting g – 8/8 Fault PLC display p y values incorrect Possible Causes Within Controller 2.

-----Thank You ---Company Confidential .