2-Antenna Receive Diversity GBSS13.

0

Feature Parameter Description

Issue Date

02 2012-06-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

com . Address: Huawei Industrial Base Bantian. and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind. services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties.. Notice The purchased products. information..com support@huawei. but all statements. Trademarks and Permissions and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co. services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. either express or implied. guarantees or representations of any kind. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents. Ltd. All rights reserved. all statements. Ltd. Ltd.. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co. All or part of the products.. Huawei Technologies Co. 2012. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders. information.Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Longgang Shenzhen 518129 People's Republic of China Website: Email: http://www. Ltd. express or implied.huawei. Unless otherwise specified in the contract.

............................................................2 Information to Be Collected .....................2 ICC .....................................................................................................................................................1.......................................... 6-1 6.................4.................. 9-1 Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co............... 4-1 5 Impact on the Network ............................................................................................... Ltd.......................................................1 MRC .........4........................................................................................................................................... 3-1 3................................................................................................... 3-1 3......................................................1 Scope ....................................................2 Impact on Network Performance ................................................................................................. 6-2 7 Parameters ..............................................................................................................................................................................3 EICC .....2............................. 5-1 5...... 6-1 6................................... 6-1 6......... 6-2 6.......................................................................................2..........................................................................2 Deploying EICC .............................................................. 5-1 5....................................................................................................... i ....................................... 3-2 4 Related Features ..................... 1-1 1.............................................................................................................................2........................................................................................1 MRC Algorithm ............ 8-1 9 Glossary .........................................................................................1 Deploying ICC ..................2 ICC Algorithm ...........................................3 EICC Algorithm ...............................................2 Intended Audience ............... 6-1 6...........................................1............................... 5-1 5..................5 Performance Optimization ....................1..........................................................................1 MRC ............................................................................. 5-1 5....................................................2................ 5-1 5......................................................................................................................3 EICC ...................................................................................................1 Impact on System Capacity..................................................................................... 5-1 5.....................2 Impact on Network Performance ............. 5-1 5........................ 1-1 2 Overview .3 Change History ............................1 Impact on System Capacity........ 5-1 5..................1............................................................................... 6-2 6.....................GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity Contents Contents 1 Introduction to This Document ...............................................................................................................................................................................3 Network Planning .................. 6-1 6....4 Feature Deployment ......................................................... 6-2 6................................... 6-1 6.........................................................3..........................................................1 Impact on System Capacity..............................................................................................2 Impact on Network Performance ...2 ICC . 3-1 3.................. 6-1 6............................ 5-1 6 Engineering Guidelines ...................... 2-1 3 Technical Description..........................................................................1...............................................................................................................................................................2............... 5-1 5...................................................................... 1-1 1................. 1-1 1.................................... 3-1 3............................2 Diversity Combining Algorithms ....................................1 When to Use the Four Algorithms ............................................... 3-1 3...................................................................... 7-1 8 Counters .3...........................................................................................1 Technical Principle ............

....... ii .................................GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity Contents 10 Reference Documents............................... 10-1 Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.................... Ltd..............

Ltd.  Editorial change Editorial change refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version.3 Change History The change history provides information on the changes between different document versions. This document is intended for:   Personnel working on Huawei GSM products or systems System operators who need a general understanding of this feature 1.2 Intended Audience It is assumed that users of this document are familiar with GSM basics and have a working knowledge of GSM telecommunication.1 Scope This document describes the working principle of 2-antenna receive diversity and the diversity combining algorithms. 1.0.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 1 Introduction to This Document 1 Introduction to This Document 1. There are two types of changes. which are defined as follows:  Feature change Feature change refers to the change in the 2-Antenna receive diversity feature of a specific product version. 1-1 . Document Issues The document issues are as follows:    02 (2012-06-30) 01 (2011-03-31) Draft A (2011-01-15) 02 (2012-06-30) This is the second release of GBSS13.. Compared with issue 01(2011-03-31) of GBSS13.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Editorial change Change Description None Added the following chapters:  Chapter 4 "Related Features"   Parameter Change None None Chapter 5 "Impact on the Network" Chapter 6 "Engineering Guidelines" Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. issue 02 (2012-06-30) of GBSS13.0.

Draft A (2011-01-15) This is the draft release of GBSS13.0 has no change. Ltd.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 1 Introduction to This Document 01 (2011-03-31) This is the first release of GBSS13.. issue 01 (2011-03-31) of GBSS13. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.0 has no change. Compared with issue draft A (2011-01-15) of GBSS13. 1-2 .0.0.0.0. issue Draft A (2011-01-15) of GBSS13. Compared with issue 01 (2010-06-30) of GBSS12.

In the case of space diversity. the amplitude. As a result. Ltd. Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC). frequency diversity. With multipath propagation. This phenomenon is called multipath propagation. phase. multiple antennas are used at the receiver to receive uncorrelated signals of the same source (superimposition of uncorrelated signals). and Enhanced Interference Rejection Combining (EICC). for example. The signals received from the two antennas can be combined in different ways to obtain desired signals. The diversity technique in GSM involves time diversity. It increases the signal-to-noise ratio by superimposing uncorrelated signals. Interference Cancellation Combining (ICC). Diversity is one of the techniques used to handle multipath fading in the communications system. and angle of the received signal change. This phenomenon is called multipath fading. the quality of the received signal deteriorates.. 2-1 . generally two antennas (or two polarization ends of the same polarization antenna) are used to receive signals. the radio signal from the transmitter arrives at the receiver through two or more paths.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 2 Overview 2 Overview In a wireless communications system. and space diversity. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In engineering implementation.

the adaptive combining coefficients W1 and W2 are calculated and the output signal is obtained through the formula: y(k) = W1 x S 1(k) + W2 x S2(k). The signal x(k) arrives at the diverse antennas through two RX channels.1 Technical Principle The 2-antenna receive diversity technique combines the signals received from the two diverse antennas at the receiving end to mitigate multipath interference.2. The use of ICC can improve the speech quality and data throughput in situations with strong interference.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 3 Technical Description 3 Technical Description 3.. a certain correlation exists among these interfering signals. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2. The two RX signals are identified as r1(k) and r2(k). 3.2 Diversity Combining Algorithms 3. You should set RCVMD to MAINDIVERSITY(Main Diversity) to enable the 2-Antenna Receive Diversity feature. This combining method is ideal for situations with little interference and limited noise. In tight frequency reuse scenarios the interfering signals received at diverse antennas may come from the same interfering source. Therefore. After the superimposition of interference and noise. ICC.2 ICC ICC is a multi-antenna combining technique developed from MRC. It is applicable to wide coverage and overseas coverage. Ltd. Based on the maximum signal-to-noise ratio criterion. Figure 3-1 Working principle of 2-antenna receive diversity Noise and interference W1 RX channel 1 RX signal r1(k ) S (k ) 1 Signal x(k) Noise and interference W2 RX channel 2 RX signal r2( k ) y(k) S (k ) 2 As shown in Figure 3-1: 1. ICC can suppress the interference within the GSM system and from other systems if correlation exists between the interfering signals received on diverse antennas. The combining algorithms consist of the MRC. the two RX signals are identified as S1(k) and S2(k). for example.2. the network where tight frequency reuse is in place. In Figure 3-1 the two RX channels correspond to the main and diversity RX channels of the TRX. and EICC.1 MRC MRC performs weighted combining on the two signals received by the BTS based on their respective signal-to-noise ratios. Figure 3-1 shows the working principle of 2-antenna receive diversity. 3-1 . ICC uses this correlation when combining the signals of the two antennas to eliminate certain interference. 3.

the system selects the ICC algorithm by default. (GBFD-115821 EICC) You should set STIRCALLOWED to YES to select the EICC algorithm of 2-antenna receive diversity.. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The difference between ICC and EICC is that ICC considers only space correlation to eliminate interference whereas EICC considers both space correlation and time correlation to suppress and eliminate interference.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 3 Technical Description A resource item license is required for enabling this algorithm. When STIRCALLOWED is set to NO. 3-2 . 3. Generally. The EICC performs better than ICC.2. the interfering signals received from multiple antennas are both space correlated (among the antennas) and time correlated. Ltd. EICC is mainly used in high traffic network where tight frequency reuse is in place and in situations where the noise of a single interfering source is limited. The EICC algorithm and AFC algorithm are mutually exclusive.3 EICC EICC is developed from ICC.

Ltd..GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 4 Related Features 4 Related Features Feature MRC ICC EICC Prerequisite Feature None None None Mutually Exclusive Feature None None Automatic Frequency Correction (AFC) NOTE This feature is disabled automatically after AFC is enabled. 4-1 . Affected Feature None None None Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

after uplink power control is enabled for MSs. the EICC algorithm enhances the network anti-interference capability and improves the uplink receive quality.2 Impact on Network Performance Compared with the ICC algorithm. the ICC algorithm enhances the network anti-interference capability and improves the uplink receive quality.2 ICC 5.1. this algorithm decreases the entire network interference and increases the traffic volume. after uplink power control is enabled for MSs. Ltd.1 Impact on System Capacity Compared with the ICC algorithm. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For PS services. For PS services.2 Impact on Network Performance This algorithm improves the uplink receive quality.3.2.3 EICC 5. 5-1 .1 Impact on System Capacity Compared with the MRC algorithm. after uplink power control is enabled for MSs.1 MRC 5. 5.2 Impact on Network Performance Compared with the MRC algorithm.3. For CS services. this algorithm decreases the entire network interference and increases the traffic volume.2. 5. this algorithm increases the uplink throughput. the EICC algorithm enhances the network anti-interference capability and improves the uplink receive quality. 5.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 5 Impact on the Network 5 Impact on the Network 5. 5. this algorithm decreases the entire network interference and increases the traffic volume.1. For PS services. 5. the ICC algorithm enhances the network anti-interference capability and improves the uplink receive quality. this algorithm increases the uplink throughput. For CS services. this algorithm increases the uplink throughput.1 Impact on System Capacity This algorithm improves the uplink receive quality. For CS services..

3 EICC Algorithm You are advised to use the EICC algorithm in interference-limited scenarios.2 ICC Algorithm Use the ICC algorithm in the following conditions:   The live network is in interference-limited scenarios. The licenses for the ICC and EICC algorithms have not been obtained. These three algorithms are not applicable to cells in one-antenna receive mode. 6-1 . urban area coverage and tight frequency reuse scenarios with strong interference.2 Information to Be Collected Before deploying this feature.3 Network Planning RF Planning N/A Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The ICC and EICC algorithms improve the network anti-interference capability when:    The cell is configured in 2-antenna receive mode.1. The cell coverage is relatively large. The network interference is strong and traffic is heavy.1.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 6 Engineering Guidelines 6 Engineering Guidelines 6. 6. Ltd.. collect the following information:      Whether the cell is configured in 2-antenna receive mode Frequency planning data Cell coverage range Traffic volume on the network Whether there is interference in the radio environment The MRC algorithm improves the network performance at the coverage edge when:    The cell is configured in 2-antenna receive mode. The network frequencies are loosely set. The license for the EICC algorithm has not been obtained.1. 6. for example.1 MRC Algorithm Use the MRC algorithm in the following conditions:   The live network is in noise-limited scenarios. 6. The network frequencies are tightly set.1 When to Use the Four Algorithms 6. for example. railway coverage or rural area coverage. such as city coverage and tight frequency reuse scenarios with strong interference. 6.

see Configuring EICC. verify. adjust the combining algorithms. If the counter deteriorates or remains unchanged after the 2-antenna receive diversity feature has been enabled. or connected to a dual-polarized antenna. see Configuring ICC.2 Deploying EICC For details about how to activate. heavy traffic. 6. and deactivate this algorithm.4 Feature Deployment 6. the MRC algorithm is recommended.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 6 Engineering Guidelines Network Topology N/A Hardware Planning The two RX channels of the TRXs must be connected to two antennas. For scenarios with tight frequency reuse. the EICC algorithm is recommended.4. and deactivate this algorithm.4. For scenarios without interference.5 Performance Optimization Monitoring Observe network counters.1 Deploying ICC For details about how to activate. and strong interference. 6. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. observe Uplink Quality (UL RxQual). Ltd. 6. 6-2 . For CS services. verify.. Parameter Optimization The ICC algorithm achieves favorable network performance in most scenarios.

DIVIDING. and BTS3002E do not support Main Diversity. Enhanced Interference Rejection Combining combines the signals received by multiple antennas to obtain better signals. 7-1 . FOURDIVERSITY(Four Diversity Receiver). YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO. Ltd. NONE Default Value: INDEPENDENT Unit: None STIRCALLOWE BSC690 SET GBFD-11582 EICC D 0 GCELLSOFT(Option 1 al) Meaning: Whether to enable the EICC algorithm. GUI Value Range: NO(No). t BTS3012AE.. MAINDIVERSITY(Main Diversity). FOURDIVERSITY. The DBS3900 GSM and BTS3900 GSM support Four Diversity Receiver and Main Diversity. BTS3006C. NONE(None) Actual Value Range: INDEPENDENT. MAINDIVERSITY. n Managemen The BTS3012.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 7 Parameters 7 Parameters Table 7-1 Parameter description Parameter ID RCVMD NE MML Command Feature ID Feature Name Description BSC690 SET MRFD-21030 Configuratio Meaning: RF receive mode 0 GTRXDEV(Optional) 1 of the TRX. EICC is mainly used in high traffic network where tight frequency reuse is in place. YES Default Value: NO Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. DIVIDING(Dividing Receiver). GUI Value Range: INDEPENDENT(Independe nt Receiver). BTS3012II.

7-2 ..GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 7 Parameters Parameter ID NE MML Command Feature ID Feature Name Description Unit: None Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 8 Counters 8 Counters There are no specific counters associated with this feature. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. 8-1 . Ltd.

see the Glossary. Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. terms. 9-1 . Ltd.GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 9 Glossary 9 Glossary For the acronyms. and definitions. abbreviations.

Overall description" [5] 3GPP TS 25. 10-1 .211. "Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto physical channels (FDD)" [3] 3GPP TS 25.308. Ltd.321. "Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification" [6] BSC6900 Feature List [7] BSC6900 Basic Feature Description [8] BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference [9] BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference Issue 02 (2012-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. "User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception (FDD)" [2] 3GPP TS 25. " UE Radio Access capabilities " [4] 3GPP TS 25.306.101. "UTRA High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSPDA)..GSM BSS 2-Antenna Receive Diversity 10 Reference Documents 10 Reference Documents [1] 3GPP TS 25.