 
 
 u =


q
\ .
\ .
(b)
1
1
sin
 
 
 u =


q
\ .
\ .
(c)
1 0
sin
 
 
 u = q


\ .
\ .
(d)
1 0
sin
 
 
 u =


\ .
\ .
14. In a steady incompressible flow of a liquid
(a) the speed does not change if the area of cross section changes
(b) the speed increases if the area of the cross section increases
(c) the speed decreases if the area of cross section increases
(d) bubbles are produced when the area of the cross section increases
15. Air is blown through a pipe AB at a rate of 15 litre per minute. The cross sectional area of the rod
portion of the pipe AB is
2
2cm and that of the narrow portion is
2
0.5cm . The difference in water
level h is
( )
3
air
1.3kg m =
(a) 16 mm (b) 1.55 mm (c) 10 mm (d) 3.2 mm
16. Water from a tap emerges vertically downward with an initial speed of 1 m/s. The cross sectional
area of the tap is
4 2
10 m
. Assume that the pressure is constant throughout the stream of water and
that the flow is steady. The cross sectional area of the steam 0.15 m below the tap is
(a)
4 2
5 10 m
(b)
5 2
1 10 m
(c)
5 2
5.83 10 m
(d)
5 2
2 10 m
17. Mark correct option (s)
(a) two stream lines may cross each other
(b) two stream lines must cross each other
(c) two stream lines never cross each other
(d) none of the above
18. A non viscous liquid of constant density
3
500kg m flows
in a variable cross sectional tube. The area of cross
sectional of the tube at the two points P and Q at heights of
3m and 6m are
3 3
2 10 m
and
3 3
4 10 m
respectively. Find
the work done per unit volume by the forces of gravity as
the fluid flows from point P to Q
(a)
3
29.4J m (b)
4 3
1.47 10 J m
(c)
4 3
2.94 10 J m (d) none of these
19. Water flows along a horizontal pipe cross section is not constant. The pressure is 1 cm of Hg where
the velocity is 35 cm/s. At a point where the velocity is 65cms, the pressure will be
(a) 0.89 cm of Hg (b) 8.9 cm of Hg (c) 0.5 cm of Hg (d) 1 cm of Hg
20. A cylindrical vessel filled with water to a height H. A vessel has two small holes in the side, from
which water is rushing out horizontally and the two streams strike the ground at the same point. If
the lower hole Q is h height above the ground, then the height of hole P above the ground will be
(a) 2h (b) H/h (c) H h (d) H/2
21. A water tank standing on the floor has two small holes vertically one above the other punched on one
side. The holes are
1
h cm and
2
h cm above the floor. How high does water stand in the tank when
the jets from the holes hit the floor at the same points?
(a) ( )
2 1
h h (b) ( )
2 1
h h + (c)
( )
2 2
2 1
h h (d)
2
2 1
h
h h
22. A cubical block of wood of specific gravity 0.5 and chunk of concrete of specific gravity 2.5 are
fastened together. The ratio of mass of concrete to the mass of wood which makes the combination to
float with its entire volume submerged in water is
(a)
5
3
(b)
5
1
(c)
5
2
(d)
4
3
23. Consider the barometer shown in figure. Density of mercury is . A small
hole is made at point S as shown, The mercury comes out from this hole
with speed uequal to
(a) 2gh (b) 2gH
(c) ( ) 2g H h (d) none of these
24. A barometer tube reads 76 cm of mercury. If the tube is gradually inclined at an angle of
0
60 with
vertical, Keeping the open end immersed in the mercury reservoir, the length of the mercury column
will be
(a) 152 cm (b) 76 cm (c) 38 cm (d) 38 3cm
25. A cylindrical vessel contains a liquid of density upto a height h. the liquids is closed by a piston of
mass m and area of cross section A. There is a small hole at the bottom of the vessel. The speed u
with which the liquid comes out of the hole is
(a) 2gh (b)
mg
2 gh
A
 
+

\ .
(c)
mg
2 gh
A
 
+

\ .
(d)
mg
2gh
A
+
26. Siphon is a device to transfer liquid form a higher level to a lower level. The condition of working of
a siphon is
(a)
2 1
h h >
(b)
2 1
h 2h =
(c)
1
h should be less than the height of corresponding liquid barometer
(d)
1
h should be greater than the height of corresponding liquid barometer
27. A block is submerged in a vessel filled with water by a spring attached to the bottom of the vessel. In
equilibrium spring is compressed. The vessel now moves downwards with an
acceleration ( ) a g < . The spring length
(a) will become zero
(b) may increase, decrease or remain constant
(c) will decrease
(d)will increase
ANSWER KEY
1.a 2.d 3.b 4.b 5.c 6.b 7.c
8.d 9.d 10.b 11.c 12.b 13.a 14.c
15.b 16.c 17.c 18.b 19.a 20.c 21.B
22. a 23. d 24. a 25. b 26. c 27. D
SOLUTION FLUIDS
1. Theforce due to excess pressure =restoring force
Or ghA =restoring force
Or ( ) g 2x A =restoring force
Restoring force =2 gxA
2. Let A =area of cross section of the tube
=density of liquid
If one surface is pushed down by x, the other surface moves up by x.
Net unbalanced force on the liquid column =2xA g
Mass of the liquid column =lA
Let a =acceleration of liquid column
( ) 2xA g lA a =
Or
2g
a x
l
=
Putting
2
2g
l
e =
2
a x = e
This is S.H.M. with
2 l
T 2
2g
  t
= = t

e
\ .
3. From Bernoullis theorem
2 2
A A A B B B
1 1
P d dgh P d dgh
2 2
+ u + = + u +
Here,
A B
h h =
2 2
A A B B
1 1
P d P d
2 2
+ u = + u
( )
B 2
A B 2 A
1
P P d
2
= u u
Now,
A B
0, r u = u = e
A B
P P hdg =
2 2
1
hdg dr
2
= e
Or
2 2
r
h
2g
e
=
4. Lossin weight of liquidof density ( )
1 1
kg = ee , if V is the volume of the body, then
1
1 1
1
V V
ee
= ee =
Similarly,
2
2 2
2
V V
ee
= ee =
1 2 2 1
2 1
e e
e=
5. In case of two metals
( )
( )
1 2
1 2
m m
V V
+
=
+
When
1 2
V V V = = ,
Then
1 1
m V = and
2 2
m V =
m
V
=
1 2 1 2
1 2
V V
4
V V 2
+ +
= = =
+
When equal masses are mixed
i.e.,
1 2
m m m = =
1
1
m
V =
and
2
2
m
V =
( )
1 2
1 2
1 2
m m 2
3
m m
+
= = =
+  
+

\ .
6. As we know,
x
y
a
tan
a g
u =
+
Here
y
a 0 =
x
a
tan
g
u =
x
tan a u
Hence (b) is correct.
7. At point
P
P,P 0 =
At point
P P
Q,P P gh gh = + =
At point
R Q
R,P P aL gh = + =
At point
S R
S,P P gh aL = =
8. The acceleration of the trolley along the inclined plane is a gsin = o
x
a acos gsin .cos = o = o o
2
y
a asin gsin = o = o
The inclination of free surface
( )
x
2
y
a gsin cos
tan tan
g a g 1 sin
o o
u = = = o
o
u = o
9. If the dog drinks m kg of water from the pond, the weight of (boat +dog) system will increase by mg
and so, the system will displace m kg more water for floating.
Also, the water level in pond decreases due to removal of water from pond. Due to water displaced
by boat, the water level increases. So, the water removed from the pond is equal to the water
displaced by the system. Hence, the level of water remains unchanged.
10. In vacuum, the force of buoyancy is zero. If means, apparent weight in evacuated jar increases due to
absence of buoyancy force. Hence, the pan containing the bulb will go down.
11. Let V be the total volume and
i
V the volume of ice piece immersed in water. For equilibrium,
Weight =upthrust
i i
V g V g = e
3
i
900kg/ m =
3
1000kg m
e
=
i
V 900
0.9
V 1000
= =
Fraction outside the water
f =1 0.9 =0.1
12. Let the volume of wood piece is
0
V
The dipped portion of the piece is
0
V
V
4
=
For equilibrium of wood piece,
mg Vg =
Or
0
0
V
V g g
4
o =
densityof water
4 4
o = =
3
1000
250kg m
4
= =
13. Let, L =length of rod
l =immersed length of the rod
u =angle of inclination of rod, with the horizontal
If the rod is in equilibrium, then the net torque about the point A is zero i.e.,
( ) ( )
A 0
L 1
ALg cos A g cos 0
2 2
t = u u = l or
2 2
0
L
=
l
Now,
0
h L 1
sin
u = = =
q q l l
1 0
1
sin
 
u =


q
\ .
14. According to continuity equation
1 1 2 2
A A u = u
Or Au =constant =K
1
A
u
Hence, (c) is correct.
15.
3
1 1 2 2
15
A A m / sec
1000 60
u = u =
Or
3
1 1 2 2
1
A A m sec
4000
u = u =
Or
1 4
1
1 1
4000A 4000 2 10
u = =
10
1.25ms
8
= =
And
2 4
1
1 1
4000A 4000 2 10
u = =
10
5ms
2
= =
( )
2 2
1 1 1
1
gh
2
= u u
( )
2 2
1
1
5 1.25
2
=
( )
{ }
2
1
h 25 1.25
2 g
( )
{ }
2 1.3
25 1.25
2 1000 9.8
=
3
1.55 10 m 1.55mm
= =
16. According to continuity equation
1 1 2 2
A A u = u
4
2
10 1 A 2gh
=
Or
4
2
10 A 2 9.8 0.15
=
5 2
2
A 5.83 10 m
=
17. If two stream lines cross each other, then at a given point, there are two directions of motion of fluid
particles. This is physically not possible.
Hence (c) is correct.
18. Work done per unit volume by force of gravity
= change in P.E. per unit volume
( )
2 1
W g h h = A =
( ) g 6 3 =
3 500 9.8 =
4 3
1.47 10 J m =
19. In horizontal pipe
2 2
1 1 2 2
1 1
P P
2 2
+ u = + u (1)
Here,
2
1 m 1
P gh 13600 9.8 10
= =
2
P 13600 9.8 h =
3
1000kg m =
2
1
35 10 m/ s
u =
2
2
65 10 m/ s
u =
From equation (1),
( )
2
2
1
13600 9.8 10 1000 0.35
2
+
( )
2 1
13600 9.8 h 1000 0.65
2
= +
20. Let the horizontal distance covered by the stream be x
( ) 2g H h u =
And
2
1
h gt
2
=
2h
t
g
=
In this time the horizontal distance for Q x t = u
( )
2h
2g H h
g
 
=

\ .
( ) 2 h H h =
Similarly for P ( ) 2 h H h ' ' =
( ) ( ) 2 h h h 2 h H h ' ' =
( ) h H h ' =
21.
2
AB h =
1
AC h =
And AD h =
( )
0 1
2g h h u =
2
1 1
1
h gt
2
=
1
1
2h
t
g
 
=

\ .
In this time, the horizontal distance
( )
1
1
2h
2g h h
g
(
=
(
Similarly for second hole, horizontal distance
( )
2
2
2h
2g h h
g
(
=
(
Or ( ) ( )
1 1 2 2
h h h h h h =
2 1
h h h = +
22. Let
1
m =mass of concrete and
2
m = mass of wood
Form law of floatation:
Weight =upthrust
( ) ( )( )
1 2
1 2
m m
m m g 1 g
2.5 0.5
 
+ = +

\ .
or
1
2
m 3
1
5m
=
1
2
m 5
m 3
=
23. The mercury will not come out from this hole as the pressure outside the tube [atmospheric pressure
( ) g h H = + ] is greater than the pressure inside the tube ( ) gh = . Here is the density of mercury.
24. lcos
o
60 h 76cm = =
or 76cm
2
=
l
or 152cm = l
25. Applying Bernoullis theorem at 1 and 2:
Difference in pressure energy between 1 and 2 =difference in
kinetic energy between 1 and 2
or
2
mg 1
gh
A 2
+ = u
or
2mg mg
2gh 2 gh
A A
 
u = + = +

\ .
26.
1
h should be less than the height of corresponding liquid barometer otherwise liquid will not rise to
that level.
27. When the vessel was at rest. Equilibrium of block gives
Weight kx = +upthrust
or W kx F = + (1)
As the spring moves downwards with acceleration ( ) a g < upthrust is reduced.
Not let x be the new compression. Then
W kx' F' ma =
or
g a W
W kx' F a
g g
 
=

\ .
or ( )
a a
W F kx' F W
g g
+ =
or
a a
kx kx' F W
g g
+ =
or ( )
a
x' x f W
gk
= +
Now since, F W < (from equation 1)
x' x <
Therefore, length of spring will increase