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What is propaganda? Propaganda is the usage of specific information to influence public opinion or to gain public support for a cause.

It emphasizes bits of information that support a position and de-emphasizes or excludes those that do not. Misleading statements or outright lies may be included. Advertising and missionary activity are within the broad definition of propaganda, but the term is usually used in politics. Propaganda is a particular way of presenting a message, whether true or false it will always be blatantly biased in favor of the point the publisher of the propaganda wishes to ma e. It is primarily used in delivering political messages and similar techni!ues are used in the advertising of products. "ne way to induce people to ill other people is to dehumanize #the enemy.# And one of the ways to do this is through propaganda. $his is a device that propagates information that is often biased or misleading, and is used to promote a political cause or point of view. $he consumption of war is made possible through its use Japanese Propaganda %adio and film, however, may have been the most effective means of reaching its audience simply by virtue of its medium. &ew technology, such as radio and motion pictures, were capable of sending information over a much greater scale. Moving pictures and audible words and music brought to life what was only still and static in a boo or poster. In '()*, the Academy Award for best documentary went to +ran ,apra-s .hy .e +ight, which was the first of a series of war documentaries he made under the commission of the /.0. military. &ot to be outdone, the 1apanese had their own cinematic propaganda. ,hocolate and 0oldiers and $he 0tory of $an ,ommander &ishizumi, two very popular 1apanese wartime films, were effective as propaganda tools for 1apanese audiences. Anthropologist %uth 2enedict once exclaimed, 31apanese films have a propaganda courage which Americans films have usually lac ed4 56ower 789. 1apanese movies were not afraid to show wea ness and hardship that were associated with war. 1apanese films showed a lot of sacrifice more so than American films in order to create a more humanistic and endearing empathy for the characters. $he 1apanese propaganda campaign was not only directed toward the /nited 0tates but also towards Asian countries whom they sought to con!uer. 6uring the time that the 1apanese began studying about the culture and customs of their .estern counterparts, America was going through a period of territorial expansion that saw its borders extend to the Pacific but much to the expense of &ative Americans. $he time period during which 1apan became increasingly more interested in .estern culture was during the time that America was going through that expansion phase. In many ways, 1apan too on many of the ideas and methods of American expansionism, and, consciously or subconsciously, incorporated them into their own methods of con!uest throughout Asia. $he media and propaganda were powerful and often silent weapons that targeted human emotions and psyches, and often caused people to feel and thin things that they otherwise would not if not exposed to it. Politics and military actions can only do so much, but if they are driven by human emotions and impulses, they are driven further. And propaganda was that driving forces of human emotion during .orld .ar II. $hroughout the war and the years leading up to it, 1apan maintained that its campaign through Asia was virtuous and that their Asian ,o-Prosperity 0phere would, in the long run, do good for all of Asia under their guidance. 0eeing what .estern countries were doing to Asia:the +rench presence in 0outheast Asia, the 2ritish in ;ong <ong and 0ingapore, and the /nited 0tates in the Philippines:1apan sought to 3liberate =ast Asia from white invasion and oppression4 56ower *89. In '()*, the 1apanese government published a boo let entitled $he >reater =ast Asia .ar and "urselves 56ai $oa 0enso to .arera9 describing how the relationship between Asian countries would be li e that of a 3branch family4 5*?79. 1apan promoted the idea that under their leadership, =ast Asian would come to now greater economic prosperity free from .estern influence and independent of .estern economic bureaucracy. 1apan-s 3"utline of =conomic Policies for the 0outhern Areas4 describes 1apan-s plans 3to assist the economic expansion of the 1apanese people in the southern areas on the bases of overall national planning, and to advance economic changes within the ,o-Prosperity 0phere4 5*?@9. ;owever, underneath all the rhetoric of a 3>reater =ast Asia4 lay hidden agendas as well.

"f course 1apanese propaganda art did not neglect to target the enemy. In a manner similar to what American did by depicting the 1apanese as subhuman apes, the 1apanese countered with their own depiction of Americans 5and the 2ritish as well9 as hairy, demonic mongrels. +igures ? and ( demonstrate such imagery. In the first, a demonic figure with s ulls around its nec wears the visage of President %oosevelt. 0imilarly in +igure (, President %oosevelt is shown with the hands and feet of a monster with a single horn protruding from his head. ;e sits atop the #>rieving 0tatue of Aiberty,# the title of the picture. 0he grieves because in the PresidentBs one hand, he waives the banner of democracy while in the other he tenaciously grips the stic of dictatorship. ;anging from the crown of the statue is a stri ing wor er, and a lac adaisical &avy sailor having a good time with the ladies. $he sullen face of the statue reflects the despicable state that the /nited 0tates is in. It shows that America is not as strong as she presents herself to be and that its own folly will result in its ultimate demise. $hey were not such a formidable enemy that 1apan could not defeat. $he /nited 0tates was wea and vulnerable

On September 20 1943, the KALIBAPI- under the leadership of its director general, Benigno A uino Sr! held a part" con#ention to elect $4 members of the %ational Assembl"! &he Assembl" 'as actuall" made up of 10( members) but half of this number 'as composed of incumbent go#ernors and cit" ma"ors! *ose +! ,aurel 'as elected as president of the second republic -the first republic 'as Aguinldo.s /alolos 0epublic1 and both Benigno A uino Sr! 2 0amon A#ancena as a #ice-presidents! &he ne' republic 'as inaugurated on October 14 1943 on the front steps of the legislati#e building in /anila! &he +hilippine flag 'as hoisted as the national anthem 'as pla"ed! /ean'hile, the *apanese started using propaganda to gain the trust and confidence of 3ilipinos 'ho refused to cooperate 'ith them! &he" hung giant posters and distribute their materials that contains such slogans as 4the +hilippines belong to the 3ilipinos!4 the" also used ne'spapers, mo#ies, and others to publici5e the same idea! +romoting *apanese propaganda 'as one of the main ob6ecti#es of the KALIBAPI, but still *apanese failed to gain the trust of the 3ilipinos!