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when your team has good outside players and only a few post players. Generally, we like to run the 4-out motion offense against manto-man defenses. However, you can use the 4-out, 1-in set as a zone offense, although the rules are different (see4-Out, 1-In Zone Offense). The now popular "dribble-drive motion offense" uses a 4-out set and very little screening. Rick Torbett's "read and react offense" works very well in a 4-out set. Below, we examine three different "looks" in our 4-out offense, depending on where we want our post player to locate... "4-Out", "4-High", and "4-Low". You can also use the 4-out offense to post up any of your players inside, if you feel there is a defensive mismatch. For example, if a defensive player has four fouls, have your player that he is guarding set up as the inside post player. Then get the ball inside to him/her and attack the defender for the easy basket (since the defender is in foul trouble and will play "soft"), or force the fifth foul. You can change the inside player by just calling something like "4Out to John", where John is now the inside player. You can make the 4-out offense as complicated, or as simple, as you want. Youth teams should start out with just the basic 4-out motion offense, learning the motion rules and "how to play". You can add a few simple plays. High school and more advanced level teams that have more practice time, can expand and use the basic 4-out motion offense, and the "4-High" and "4-Low" sets. Each of these sets come with a number of set plays and options. We typically do not use all of these plays in one season. We pick those plays that best suit our current team personnel. Next season, as our players change, we may use other plays and options (or if we are blessed with several good post players, may use the 3-out, 2-in motion offense instead, and only sparingly use the 4-out offense). Use those plays that will best benefit your team. Importantly, don't overload your players and try to teach too much at once. Teach the basic motion and sets, and then add other plays and options gradually.
"4-Out" This is a more simple, free-lance style of 4-out motion offense that uses the rules explained below under "General Rules". Refer to the diagram to see the basic set-up for this offense.
With "4-Out", our post player moves as the ball moves, using the low blocks, anywhere up and down the lanes, paint area, elbows
or makes a DVD "Breakdown Drills dribble move inside (seeWeave-Screen Plays). O1 dribbles toward O2. other (on-ball screen and screen away). Additionally. for the 4-Out 1-In Motion Offense". Screen away. For example. while O3 rotates out to the O1 spot). you can go "inside-out" where a guard dribble-penetrates a seam and then kicks the pass outside (usually to the corner) to a wide open perimeter player for the three-point shot. O3 and O4 should be thinking about a back-cut to the hoop if they are being denied the pass. General Rules Perimeter players can fill any of the six spots shown in the From Jay Wright's diagram above.. Four things you can do after making a pass: Screen for the ball. is often possible when the post player is located on the opposite (weakside) low block. When the ball is on top (O1 or O2). Pick and roll moves work. If a dribble entry is made. hands the ball off to O2 while screening O2's defender. O2 can either exchange with O1 and move to his/her spot. basically anywhere he/she can get open for a pass inside. Dibble-penetration.. corner (O3 or O4).and high post (free-throw line area). the outside players rotate (example: O1 dribbles toward O2. then O5 should move down to the ball-side low post. or O2 can rotate down to take O4’s spot and O4 cuts through to take O3’s spot. we often like to locate our best shooter O2 in the right corner. attacking the seams. hand-off screens work well. When the ball is on the low wing. O2 comes From Jay Wright's around the screen and either shoots the three-pointer. Outside players should be moving. Give and go plays work (example: O2 passes to O4 and cuts to the hoop for the pass back from O4). ball-side elbow area. and two corner "The 4-Out 1-In Motion spots. or back-cut). . If the ball is passed to O5 at the high post. two wing spots. screening for each Offense". For this reason. Cut to the basket (example: give and go. If you have good three-point shooters. O5 should locate at high-post. two top spots. O5 passes to the back-cutter for the easy lay-up. Backcut if the defender is denying the pass.
Our high post player can be used as a screener for our perimeter players. This takes the defending post player away from the hoop and allows our post player to go 1on-1 with defender from the free-throw line area. V-cut and pop back outside for the return pass and outside shot. and if still full-fronted. The most important rule is to keep moving. Someone dribbling at you. 4-High may work well against teams that like to full-front our post player. backcut. . If you have an overplay (being denied). certain plays run better off the 4-High set. He/she may set two or three perimeter screens.. Our post player moves up to the high post. and pop out. will post up inside.. "4-High" Motion Offense Sometimes we want our post player to locate at the high post. pop out to spread the defense. Fill the open spot when a teammate cuts inside. Rules without the ball: If you have an under-play (defense sagging off). Additionally. Set Plays You can run any of the set plays listed below under the 4-High and 4-Low sets. relocate. When someone dribble-penetrates. seals the defender. and then. once a big-little mis-match occurs (by the defense switching the screens). This also opens up the inside underneath for backcuts or dribble-penetration from the wings and corners. just make sure you start the post player in the correct spot. and then cuts to the hoop for the pass from the corner. and cuts to the hoop for the over-the-top lob pass. backcut (except for the weave plays). Or our post player can seal the defender as the pass goes to the corner. Screen away.
they can then cut up to the wing for the pass. he/she might just try to make a dribble-move and attack the seam up the right lane line for a lay-up. We could also start here with a quick hitter play. We also . The first "big" up the court sprints low in the paint or low block area. To start the "4-High" set."W2". "W3". we open the court with better spacing. or from short-corner to short-corner. From here we have lots of options.4-High Set Plays "Topside" and "Counter" "Flash" "Slip" "Swing" "Fist" Weave-Screen Plays . We can also just start the offense here in the "4-Low" set. or for a kick-out pass to our shooter O2 in the corner. The 4-Low set opens up the top and the lane for 1-on-1 dribble-penetration and cuts from the top. For a wing entry pass. "W4" Transition into 4-Out Offense After a rebound. W2-back". By going deep into the corners. O1 speeddribbles up the court and our rebounder (here O4) trails up the court to fill the opposite top spot. "4-Low" Sometimes we like our post player staying down low. moving from low block to low block. O5 simply flashes up to the high post. the wings O2 and O3 sprint wide up the court all the way to the corners. If our point guard is good at attacking the defender.
After feeding the low post from the wing or corner. "W3". W2-back". strong inside post defender. because the helpside defense is not established when the ball is at the top of the key (diagram A below). Big-15. Taking the shot-blocker away from the hoop then allows our smaller. Big-43. making it tough to score inside. There are a couple things you can do.. Teach your post player to immediately skip pass out to the opposite wing (where . Big-Left. BigDown.. or shot blocker. your post player gets double-teamed by help coming from the opposite wing (diagram B). quicker post player to beat the defender with a shot-fake and dribble move. 4-Low Set Plays "Big Series" . hopefully this will draw their big defender outside away from the hoop. Big-Double "Loyola" and Loyola-2 "53" "34" "13" and "24" "Black" "52-Curl" "14" Weave-Screen Plays . that we feel our post player cannot consistently beat in a 1-on-1 post-up situation. Teams that play good man-to-man defense.Big.use this set to run our "Big" series of plays. "W4" 4-Out motion offense and our low post player is double-teamed. The short-corner to short-corner strategy is used if the defense has a big. Usually the double-team (help defender) comes from the opposite wing when we feed the low post from the wing or corner (diagram B below). So if our post player can hit a couple shots from the short-corner. where we post-up our "big" 1-on-1 with the defender. Feed the low post from the top ("hi-lo" plays like the "Big" series). will double-team our low post player."W2".
follows the pass and ball-screens for O3. The rules are simple . O3 can attack . and (2) if the hi-lo is not open.the help defender came from). after running this a couple times. O4 passes to O3. O1 down-screens for O2 and they exchange (to occupy their defenders. and then follow the pass and immediately re-post on the opposite side. keeping them out of the paint so they can't help on O5). and dribble-drive around X4 up the right side of the lane for the lay-up (with pass options to O5 and O1). here are more good quick hitting actions that you can run right from the initial transition. and O5 has a better chance to score 1-on-1 vs the X5 defender. O4 passes to a perimeter player. O4 could give a pass-fake. Diagram A shows O1 coming up the right side in transition. After screening. O4 fills to the top. "45" .(1) whenever O4 receives the pass on the perimeter. Oftentimes. the X4 defender might hard pressure O4 to help prevent the hi-lo pass. follows and runs a screen and pop. "4-Out Quick Hitters" In addition to the plays listed above. O4 pops outside. Not shown in the diagrams. This action is simple but effective and continuous. middle and gets the pass from O1. the new helpside defender (X2) will be late in rotating over to double-team. we look for the quick hi-lo pass into O5 posting up. Diagram B shows that the hi-lo was not open.Hi-Lo Option Here's a good option when you have strong inside post player. for the quick pass back inside (from O4 in diagram C). O5 immediately posts-up and O4 passes to O5 for the inside post-move.
O2 might not use the ball-screen and here drives hard to the baseline (diagram 2). Wing Entry. O3's dribble was stopped.for a lay-up. O3 might pass back to O4. O1 can cut through to either corner. Following our rules. O4 passes to O2. O4 then ball-screens for O2. If not open. but also has a possible dump pass to O5. O4 looks for the quick hi-lo pass into O5. In diagram C. and O2 and O4 run the pick and pop. Ball-Screen O2 cuts up to the wing and gets the entry pass from O1 (diagram 1). follows the pass and ball-screens for O2. Diagram 3 . and kick-out pass options to O2 and O1.
we will use the "pick and roll" option instead (diagram 6). Diagram 5 shows O2's dribble-penetration being stopped or trapped by the defense. O5 posts up hard inside and could get the quick pass from O2. or perhaps a shotfake and dribble-drive. As O2 turns the corner of the ball-screen. After the ball-screen. either could shoot the open 3point shot. If O4 is not a good outside shooter. O5 cleans up the back-side rebound. O4 cuts to the hoop and O5 cuts . If the kick-out pass goes to either O3 or O1. Here O2 reverses and passes to O4 in the corner for an open shot. Notice O2's kick-out pass options to O3 or O1.shows O2 using the ball-screen and the "pick and pop" option with O4 popping out to the arc after the screen. or pass inside to O5 posting up (diagram 4).
O5 looks to either shoot or make the hi-lo pass inside to O4 posting up. The defense may deny the pass to the wing. But we can still get the ball to the wing by using either a dribble hand-off or (2) a shallow cut. and here O2 makes a shallow cut inside and then back outside. This diagram also shows another simple option. This allows for spacing for the pass to the O4 on the roll cut. From here we can run the pick and roll or pick and pop options with O4 screening for O2. O1 now passes back to O2 (diagram 9) and the ball-screen options with O4 are again in play. instead of passing to O2. If O2 passes back out to O5. O1 clears to the corner.out and replaces O4 on the arc.. O1 . Diagram 7 shows that O1 dribbles to the wing and hands-off (weave-screen) to O2. Diagram 8 again shows O1 dribbling to the wing..
he also has the same options or shooting or passing hi-lo to O4 posting up. O2 passes back to O4 on top. Diagram 10 shows that O2 has dribble-penetrated around the O4 ball-screen ("pick and pop").might pass to O5 posting up. Diagram 11 shows O2 and O4 running the pick and roll option as O5 replaces O4 on top. . If the pass goes back to O5. but gets stopped inside. or look for the hi-lo pass inside to O5 posting up. O4 can either shoot the open shot.
If neither the shot nor the hi-lo pass are good options. . O1 and O5 can run either a pick and pop or a pick and roll (diagram 14). O5 dribbles to O1 for a dribble hand-off (diagram 13).
Notice the good spacing with O1. Now we have O3 and O4 running the pick and roll on the left side (diagram B). and O5 re-locates to the right low block.Left Similar to the wing entry above. .Wing Entry . but this time we'll run it to the left side. Meanwhile. or to O2 or a 3-point shot. O2 and O5 all on the opposite side. Now O3 has the options of scoring. O4 passes to O3 and follows the pass and ball-screens for O3. passing to O4 rolling inside. This time. O1 passes to O4 and cuts through to the right corner. or to O5 on the opposite block.
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