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Blower air line

Height above sea level H = 2637.7 m.a.s.l. Flow per blower (2 + 1 ) at


Local atmospheric pressure P
atm
= 73.40 kPa blower discharge (Vendor data)
Blower discharge pressure P
blower_out
= 70 kPa(g) Q
blower
= 623
m
3
/min
(at silencer exit) P
blower_out
= 143.4 kPa Q
blower
= 37,380
m
3
/h
P
blower_out
= 143,399 Pa Q
total
= Q
blower
* 2
Maximum pressure drop AP
max
= 2 kPa Q
total
= 1,246.0
m
3
/min
Minimum required pressure P
disc_min
= 141.4 kPa Q
total
= 74,760
m
3
/h
(at inlet ring) P
disc_min
= 68.0 kPa(g)
Eq.1
P
in
Description Node Node
m
3
/h m
3
/s
Pa
kg/m
3
Enlargement 1 2 37,380 10.4 143,399 1.24
V. Butterfly 2 3 37,380 10.4 143,931 1.25
Elbow 45 (5 D) 3 4 37,380 10.4 143,399 1.24
Pipe with Tee branch 4 5 37,380 10.4 143,382 1.24
Manifold with Tee straight 5 6 37,380 10.4 143,354 1.24
Manifold 2 with Tee straight 6 7 74,760 20.8 143,039 1.24
Manifold with elbow 90 7 8 74,760 20.8 143,004 1.24
Pipe with elbow 90 8 9 74,760 20.8 142,887 1.24
Pipe 9 10 74,760 20.8 142,768 1.24
Pipe 10 11 74,760 20.8 142,657 1.24
Pipe 11 12 74,760 20.8 142,460 1.24
Pipe 12 13 74,760 20.8 142,325 1.23
Pipe 13 14 74,760 20.8 142,180 1.23
Pipe 14 15 74,760 20.8 142,035 1.23
Q
act
8
10
11
12
13
14
15. Discharge
point
1: Silencer discharge in a 24" pipe (lbatery limit) 8-9: Pipe with elbow 90|
1 -2: Enlargement 24" a 36" 9-10: Pipe with elbow 90|
2-3: Butterfly valve 10-11: Pipe with elbow 90|
3-4: Elbow 11-12: Pipe with elbow 90|
4-5: Pipe with T branch 12-13: Pipe with elbow 90|
5-5: 13-14: Pipe with elbow 90|
6-7: Manifold with tee straight 14-15: Pipe
7-8: Manifold wit5h elbow 90
12
Blower discharge temperature Carbon steel pipe P * v = R *T
t
blower_out
= 128.6 C Sch = STD
=
P / (R * T) Eq. 1
T = 401.75 K Rabs = 0.1 mm d
i
= Pipe_Imp_CS_Dint_Dn_SCH Eq. 2
Air properties Rabs = 0.0001 m hv = (/2) * v^2 [Pa] Eq. 3
R = 286.9 J/(kg*K) Rrel = Rabs / d Eq. 4
Air viscosity Re = v * d / v Eq. 5
=
2.31E-05 Pa s f = Pipe_Friction_Factor_Rrel_Re Eq. 6
=
1.24
kg/m
3
AP
f
= f * (L/d) * hv Eq. 7
v =
1.9E-05 m/s
Eq. 2 Eq. 3 Eq. 4 Eq. 5 Eq. 6 Eq. 7
dn di L A v hv Rrel Re f
AP
f
in m m m m/s Pa - - - Pa
24 0.59 0.00 0.274 37.9 891.6 0.00017 1E+06 0.0142 0.0
36 0.89 0.00 0.629 16.5 170.1 0.00011 8E+05 0.01386 0.0
36 0.89 0.00 0.629 16.5 169.5 0.00011 8E+05 0.01386 0.0
36 0.89 0.60 0.629 16.5 110.1 0.00011 8E+05 0.01386 1.0
40 1.00 6.05 0.781 13.3 110.0 0.00010 7E+05 0.01386 9.3
40 1.00 6.05 0.781 26.6 439.2 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 34.8
40 1.00 5.00 0.781 26.6 439.0 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 28.8
40 1.00 5.42 0.781 26.6 438.7 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 31.2
40 1.00 4.00 0.781 26.6 438.3 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 23.0
40 1.00 19 0.781 26.6 438.0 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 109.0
40 1.00 8.35 0.781 26.6 437.4 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 47.8
40 1.00 10 0.781 26.6 437.0 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 57.3
40 1.00 10.00 0.781 26.6 436.5 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 57.2
40 1.00 1 0.781 26.6 436.1 0.00010 1E+06 0.01306 5.7
3
5
6
7
8
9
4
2
42
36"
42"
Blower 2
Blower 3
Number of blowers: 2 + 1
8-9: Pipe with elbow 90| Aproximate equation for calculating the atmospheric
9-10: Pipe with elbow 90| pressure as a function of the height above sea level
10-11: Pipe with elbow 90| p = 101,325* (1 -2,25577E-5 * H)^5,25588
11-12: Pipe with elbow 90| The Engineering Toolbox
12-13: Pipe with elbow 90| http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/air-altitude-pressure-d_462.html
13-14: Pipe with elbow 90|
14-15: Pipe g = 9.80665 m/s
2
Silencer 24"
42
24"
P
blower_ou
1
Blower 1
Unhide columns to see singular pressure
drop coefficients / Hide columns.
Rev. cjc. 30.01.2014
Ksing = SUMPRODUCTO(range_A*range_B)
Eq.8
APs =
Ksing * hv Eq.9
APk: Pressure increment due to deceleration
(Sheet Tobera) Eq. 10

Eq. 8 Eq. 9 Eq. 10
AP =
P
out
=
Ksing
APs APk
AP
f
+AP
s
P
in
- AP
Pa Pa Pa Pa kPa(g)
1.13 190 -722 -532 143931 70.53
0.37 63 63 143869 70.47
0.10 17 17 143382 69.98
0.79 87 -59 29 143354 69.95
0.50 55 250.5 315 143039 69.64
0.00 0 35 143004 69.60
0.20 88 117 142887 69.49
0.20 88 119 142768 69.37
0.20 88 111 142657 69.26
0.20 88 197 142460 69.06
0.20 88 136 142325 68.93
0.20 88 145 142180 68.78
0.20 88 145 142035 68.64
0.00 0 6 142029 68.63
OK. Pexit > 68 kPa
3
4
5
2
1
Pressure increment in nozzle due to
area increment Expansion with central angl3 of 30
P
1
P
2
Singular pressure drop
calculated according Crane
15
K
2
= Function Pipe_Expansion_Theta30gr_beta(beta)
Q = 37,380 m
3
/h u = 30
Q = 10.38 m
3
/s b = 0.6603
K
2
= 1.13
d
n_1
= 24 in
Sch = STD h
v_2
=
(/2) * v^2
d
1
= 590.94 mm
=
1.24
d
1
= 0.591 m v
2
= 16.51
h
v_2
= 168.9
d
n_2
= 36 in
Sch = STD
AP =
K
2
* h
v_2
d
2
= 894.94 mm K
2
= 1.126
d
2
= 0.895 m h
v_2
= 168.9
AP = 190
A
2
= 0.629 m
v
2
= Q / A
2
Q = 10.38 m
3
/s Note 1
A
2
= 0.629 The coefficient K
2
corresponds to the conditions at
v
2
= 16.51 m/s the largest diameter, which is d
2
.
Since this value wil be calculated in the next step,
| =
d
1
/ d
2
an initial assumption need to be made.
d
1
= 0.591 m
d
2
= 0.895 m
| = 0.6603
P
2_0
- P
1
= (/2) * v
2
^2 * ( 1/|^4 -1 )
= 1.24 kg/m
3
v
2
= 16.51 m/s
| = 0.6603
P
2_0
- P
1
= 722 Pa
If u <= 45
( )
4
2
2
2
1
2
6 . 2
|
|
0
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
seno
K
K
2
=
(2.6 * ( seno(radianes(u)/2) ) * (1 - |^2)^2) / |^4
u = 30
| =
0.707 |
min
= 0.7
K
2
= 0.674
AP =
K
2
* h
v_2
K
2
= 0.674
h
v_2
= 891.6 Pa
AP = 601 Pa
Pipe_Expansion_Theta30gr_beta = 2.6 * Sin(30 / 2 * (Pi / 180)) * (1 - beta ^ 2) ^ 2 / beta ^ 4
End Function
( )
4
2
2
2
1
2
6 . 2
|
|
0
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
seno
K
Nozzle
Expansion with central angl3 of 30
Function Pipe_Expansion_Theta30gr_beta(beta)

[Pa]
kg/m OK (Note 1)
m/s
[Pa]
Pa
Pa
The coefficient K
2
corresponds to the conditions at
the largest diameter, which is d
2
.
Since this value wil be calculated in the next step,
an initial assumption need to be made.

P
2
- P
1
= P
2_0
- P
1
- AP
'20.- Pipe reductions and expansions

'20.a
Function Pipe_Reduction_Theta45gr_beta(beta)
Pipe_Reduction_Theta45gr_beta = 0.306147 * (1 - beta ^ 2) / beta ^ 4
End Function
h
g
v
g
P
Z
g
v
g
P
Z A +

+ =

+
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

h
g
v
g
P
g
v
g
P
A +

+
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1

h
g
v
g
P
g
v
g
P
A +

+
2 2
2
2 2
2
1 1

g h
v
P
v
P A +

+ =

+

2 2
2
2
2
2
1
1
g h
v v
P P A

=

2 2
2
2
2
1
1 2
( ) g h v v P P A =

2
2
2
1 1 2
2
( ) P v v P P A =
2
2
2
1 1 2
2

P v
v
P P A
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
2
2 2
2
2
1 2
2 |

P
v
P P A
|
|
.
|

\
|

= 1
1
2
4
2
2
1 2
|

'20.b
Function Pipe_Expansion_Theta45gr_beta(beta)
Pipe_Expansion_Theta45gr_beta = (1 - beta ^ 2) ^ 2 / beta ^ 4
End Function
'20.c
Function Pipe_Reduction_Theta30gr_beta(beta)
Pipe_Reduction_Theta30gr_beta = 0.8 * Sin(0.523599 / 2) * (1 - beta ^ 2) / beta ^ 4
End Function
'20.d
Function Pipe_Expansion_Theta30gr_beta(beta)
Pi = 3.14159

Pipe_Expansion_Theta30gr_beta = 2.6 * Sin(30 / 2 * (Pi / 180)) * (1 - beta ^ 2) ^ 2 / beta ^ 4
End Function
2 2 1 1
v A v A Q = =
2
1
2
1
v
A
A
v =
2 2
1
2
2
1
v
d
d
v =
2
2
2
1
2
1
d
d
v
v =
2
2
1
2
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
d
d
v
v
2
1
d
d
= |
2
2
1
|
v
v =
4
2
2 2
1
|
v
v =
Abrupt and gradual expansion
If u <= 45
K
2
=
(2.6 * ( seno(radianes(u)/2) ) * (1 - |^2)^2) / |^4
u = 30
| =
0.707 |
min
= 0.7
K
2
= 0.674

Nota. Coefficients refered to the velocity of larger pipe (Index 2)
u
d
1
d
2
2
1
d
d
= |
( )
4
2
2
2
1
2
6 . 2
|
|
0
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
seno
K
For enlargements with u > 45
with | >= 0.7
K
2
= (1 - b^2) / b^4
| = 0.7
K
2
= 2.1241
If 45 < u <= 180
K
2
=
(1 - |^2)^2/ |^4
| =
0.66 |
min
= 0.7
K
2
= 1.679
( )
4
2
2
2
1
|
|
= K
Blower air net from silencers until discharge in distribution ring


Blower 1
Flotation
Flotation air system
11
12
13
14
15
Batery limit

Blower
Silencer
Manifold
Blower

Silencer
Blower
Silencer
Ing.
Vendor
Distribution ring
36"
42"
36"
42"
36"
Blower 1
5
6
7
8
9
10
4
2
Silencer 24"
36"
42"
P
1
Ing.
Vendor
1: Silencer discharge in a 24" pipe (batery limit)
1 -2: Enlargement 24" a 36"
2-3: Butterfly valve
3-4: Elbow
4-5: Pipe with T branch
5-5:
6: Discharge point of blower 2
6-7: Manifold with tee straight
7: Discharge point of blower 3 (Spare)
7-8: Manifold wit5h elbow 90
8-9: Pipe with elbow 90
9-10: Pipe with elbow 90
10-11: Pipe with elbow 90
11-12: Pipe with elbow 90
12-13: Pipe with elbow 90
13-14: Pipe with elbow 90
14-15: Pipe
15.- Discharge in distribution ring

3
4
42"
24"
P
blower_out

Batery limit
1: Silencer discharge in a 24" pipe (batery limit)
Total flow: Q
tot
= 1246 am/min
Pressure at inlet of ring P
ring
= 68 kPa
Blower discharge pressure t
blower_out
= 128.6 C
Blower discharge temperature P
blower_out
= 70 kPa(g)
Minimum pressure at ring inlet P
disc
= 68 kPa(g)
Maximum pressure loss between
Blower silencer and ring inlet AP
max
= 2 kPa
Actual flow rate, per blower, at discharge temperature and pressure
Q
blowerer
= 623
m
3
/min
stimado Carlos.
Reenvo la informacin que por error me fue copiada.
Slds sres.
Carlos Cruz Aquino
Electrical Engineer, PDG
Tel: +51 (1) 714 4000
Fax: +51 (1) 714 4001
Mobile: +51 981700214 / RPM #981700214
626 Conquistadores Av., San Isidro, Lima, Peru
www.hatch.ca
From: Alarcon, Carlos
Sent: Tuesday, September 06, 2011 5:50 PM
To: Cruz, Carlos; Munoz, Hugo; Loewe, Christian; Vejar, Eduardo; Morales, Carlos (Contractor)
Subject: PM-014: REQUERIMIENTO DE AIRE PARA LA TOTALIDAD DE LAS CELDAS DE FLOTACIN MMH.
Importance: High
Estimados Seores:
Reenvo informacin enviada por OUTOTEC respecto a los requerimientos de aire para las celdas.
Saluda atte.,
Carlos Alarcn F.
Senior Buyer
Tel: +56-2-430 2600 Anexo 5185
Torre Titanium
Av. Isidora Goyenechea 2800, Piso 39
Las Condes - Santiago
Chile
From: german.heufemann@outotec.com [mailto:german.heufemann@outotec.com]
Sent: Tuesday, September 06, 2011 5:02 PM
To: Alarcon, Carlos
Subject: ADJUNTA INFORMACIN DEL REQUERIMIENTO DE AIRE PARA LA TOTALIDAD DE LAS CELDAS DE FLOTACIN MMH.
Resumen.-
Caudal total: 1246 am3/min
Presin: 68 Kpa
Adjuntos antecedentes: (See attached file: ANTECEDENTES CONSUMO DE AIRE.pdf)
atte.,
German Heufemann
Outotec Chile
Tel: +56 2 3362062
Mob: + 56 9 93099302
German.Heufemann@Outotec.com
www.outotec.com
Subject: PM-014: REQUERIMIENTO DE AIRE PARA LA TOTALIDAD DE LAS CELDAS DE FLOTACIN MMH.
Subject: ADJUNTA INFORMACIN DEL REQUERIMIENTO DE AIRE PARA LA TOTALIDAD DE LAS CELDAS DE FLOTACIN MMH.
Degremon Tee. ESide entrance 45
Entrance of first blowers flow Q
2
= 0
Q
L
= 37,380.0
Q
P
= 37,380.0
0 10.4

0 0.78

13.3
10.4
m
3
/s
0.63 m
16.5 m/s
K
L
= 1 + (L25*P25)^2 - 2*(P25)*(1-L25)^2 - L27 * (P25) * (L25)^2 + L28
K
L
= 0.79
The decrease in velocity causes an increase in pressure
Q
2
= 37,380.0
Entrance of second blowers flow Q
L
= 37,380.0
Q
P
= 74,760
10.38
m
3
/s
Q
p
= 20.8
m
3
/s
0.78 m S
P
= 0.86 m
13.30 m/s V
P
= 24.1 m/s
o
Q
L
=
S
L
=
V
L
=
Q
2
=
S
2
=
V
2
=
Q
2
=
S
2
=
V
2
=
Q
P
=
S
P
=
V
P
=
o
L
P
L
L
P
P
L
L
P
L
P
P
L
L
C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
S
S
Q
Q
K +
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
2 2 2
1 2 1
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
1 2 1 1 C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
Q
Q
S
S
K
P
L
L
P
P
L P
P
L P
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
o =
45
10.4
m
3
/s
S
L
/S
P
=
0.27 m S
L
= 0.27
37.9 m/s S
P
= 0.86
S
L
/S
P
= 0.32
C
2
= 0.14
B = 1.41
K
2
= 1 + (S
P
/S
2
)^2 * (1 - Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - 2 * (S
P
/S
2
) * (1 - Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - B * (S
P
/S
L
) * (Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 +C
2
K
2
= 0.50
o
Q
L
=
S
L
=
V
L
=
V
2
=
o

K
L
= 1 + ((Q
L
/Q
P
) *( S
P
/S
L
))^2 - 2 * (Sp/SL) * (1-Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - B * (S
P
/S
L
) * (Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 +C
L
K
L
= 0.790204907
m
3
/h
d
n_L
= 36 in d
n_P
= 40
m
3
/h
Sch = STD Sch = STD
m
3
/h
d
L
= 0.89 m d
P
= 1.00
S
L
= 0.63 m S
P
= 0.78
m
3
/s
Q
L
= 37,380.0
m
3
/h
Q
P
= 37,380.0
m Q
L
= 10.4
m
3
/s
Q
P
= 10.4
m/s v
L
= Q
L
/ S
L
v
P
= Q
L
/ S
L
Q
L
= 10.38
m
3
/s
Q
P
= 10.38
S
L
= 0.63 m S
P
= 0.78
v
L
= 16.5 m/s v
P
= 13.3
Q
L
/ Q
P
= S
P
/ S
L
=
Q
L
= 10.38
m
3
/s
S
P
= 0.78
Q
P
= 10
m
3
/s
S
L
= 0.63
Q
L
/ Q
P
= 1 S
P
/ S
L
= 1.24
B = 1.41 S
L
/ S
P
= 0.81
C
L
= 0
K
2
= 1 + (S
P
/S
2
)^2 * (1 - Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - 2 * (S
P
/S
2
) * (1 - Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - B * (S
P
/S
L
) * (Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 +C
2
K
2
= 0.50326473
m
3
/h
d
n_L
= 24 in d
n_P
= 42
m
3
/h
Sch = STD Sch = STD
m
3
/h
d
L
= 0.59 m d
P
= 1.05
S
L
= 0.27 m S
P
= 0.86
Q
L
=
37,380.0
m
3
/h
Q
P
=
74,760.0
Q
L
=
10.4
m
3
/s
Q
P
=
20.8
L
P
L
L
P
P
L
L
P
L
P
P
L
L
C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
S
S
Q
Q
K +
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
2 2 2
1 2 1
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
1 2 1 1 C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
Q
Q
S
S
K
P
L
L
P
P
L P
P
L P
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
v
L
= Q
L
/ S
L
v
P
= Q
L
/ S
L
Q
L
= 10.38
m
3
/s
Q
P
= 20.77
S
L
= 0.27 m S
P
= 0.86
v
L
= 37.9 m/s v
P
= 24.1
Q
L
/ Q
P
= S
P
/ S
2
=
Q
L
= 10.38
m
3
/s
S
P
= 0.86
Q
P
= 20.8
m
3
/s
S
2
= 0.78
Q
L
/ Q
P
= 0.5 L57 S
P
/ S
2
= 1.10
B = 1.41 L59 S
P
/ S
L
= 3.14
C
2
= 0.14 L60
1 + ((Q
L
/Q
P
) *( S
P
/S
L
))^2 - 2 * (Sp/SL) * (1-Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - B * (S
P
/S
L
) * (Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 +C
L
in P
L
- P
P
= (/2) * (v
P
^2 - v
L
^2)
=
1.24 kg/m
m v
P
= 13.3 m/s
m v
L
= 16.5 m/s
P
L
- P
P
= -59.43 Pa
m
3
/h
m
3
/s
m
3
/s
m
m/s
m
m
1 + (S
P
/S
2
)^2 * (1 - Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - 2 * (S
P
/S
2
) * (1 - Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 - B * (S
P
/S
L
) * (Q
L
/Q
P
)^2 +C
2
in P
2
- P
P
= (/2) * (v
P
^2 - v
2
^2)
=
1.24 kg/m
m v
P
= 24.1 m/s
m v
2
= 13.3 m/s
P
2
- P
P
= 250.47 Pa
m
3
/h
m
3
/s
( )
2
2
2
1 1 2
2
v v P P =

m
3
/s
m
m/s
m
m
P57
P59
Degremon
Cambio de presin en el ramal lateral Cambio de presin en tramo recto
En los dos casos la velocidad de En los dos casos la velocidad de
referencia es la del ramal principal referencia es la del ramal principal
despus de la unin (v
P
) despus de la unin (v
P
)
Prdida de presin Prdida de presin
Cambio de presin debido al cambio de Cambio de presin debido al cambio de
velocidades velocidades
Cambio total de presin Cambio total de presin
2
_
_
2
P L L loss
P L L loss
v K P
hv K P
= A
= A

( )
2 2
_
2
P L L Kinem
v v P
|
.
|

\
|
= A

( )
( )
L P L L
P L P L L
P L P L L
L loss L Kinem L
K v v P
v K v v P
v K v v P
P P P
+
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|
= A
A A = A
1
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
_ _



2
2 2 _
2 2 _
2
P loss
P loss
v K P
hv K P
= A
= A

( )
2 2
2 2 _
2
P Kinem
v v P
|
.
|

\
|
= A

( )
( )
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 _ 2 _ 2
1
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
K v v P
v K v v P
v K v v P
P P P
P
P P
P P
loss Kinem
+
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|
= A
A A = A



( )
( )
L P L L
P L P L L
P L P L L
L loss L Kinem L
K v v P
v K v v P
v K v v P
P P P
+
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|
= A
A A = A
1
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
_ _



L
P
L
L
P
P
L
L
P
L
P
P
L
L
C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
S
S
Q
Q
K +
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
2 2 2
1 2 1
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
1 2 1 1 C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
Q
Q
S
S
K
P
L
L
P
P
L P
P
L P
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
( )
( )
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 _ 2 _ 2
1
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
K v v P
v K v v P
v K v v P
P P P
P
P P
P P
loss Kinem
+
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= A

|
.
|

\
|
= A
A A = A



o
B
0 0.1 0.2 0.33 0.5
15 1.94 C
L
0 0 0 0 0
C
2 0 0 0 0.14 0.4
30 1.74 C
L
0 0 0 0 0
C
2 0 0 0 0.17 0.4
45 1.41 C
L
0 0 0 0 0
C
2 0 0.05 0.14 0.14 0.3
60 1.0 C
L
0 0 0 0 0.1
C
2 0 0 0 0.1 0.25
S
L
/ S
P
Tabla 14

L
P
L
L
P
P
L
L
P
L
P
P
L
L
C
Q
Q
S
S
B
Q
Q
S
S
S
S
Q
Q
K +
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
2 2 2
1 2 1
Pressure loss coefficient for gas flow


a * AP^2 + b * AP + c = 0
a =
P
in
=
b =
b =
C = (SG*Q
m3h
^2) / (Kv
m3h,bar
^2*18.9^2) * (273+t
out
)/293.15
Fluid air
SG =
Q
m3h
=
t
out
=
Kv coefficient for a butterfly valve
From sheet Norris B.V.
Kv
m3h,bar
=
c =
[3]
http://detector-gas-systems.web.cern.ch/detector-gas-systems/downloads/kv_calc_doc.pdf
Joucomatic
Engineering information
Flow data
Flow factor and orifice size
15 . 293
273
9 . 18
2 2
, 3
2
3 out
bar h m
h m
t
Kv
Q SG
c
+

=
| |
| |
0 2
0 2
) 2 (
15 . 293
273
9 . 18
) 2 (
15 . 293
273
9 . 18
273
15 . 293
) 2 (
9 . 18
273
15 . 293
) 2 (
9 . 18
273
15 . 293 ) 2 (
9 . 18
) 2 (
9 . 18
____ __________
1
_
2
2
_
_
2 2
, 3
2
3
_ 2 2
, 3
2
3
_
, 3
3
_
, 3 3
3
3
= + A A
= A A
= A A
+

=
A A =
+

A A
=

A A
=
+

A A
=
A A
=
(

=
A
=
(

c P P P
c P P P
c P P P
t
Kv
Q SG
c
P P P
t
Kv
Q SG
t SG
P P P
Kv
Q
t SG
P P P
Kv Q
t SG
P P P
Kv Q
correction e temperatur with and
SG
bar P P P
Kv
h
Nm
Q
Gases
SG
SG
bar P
Kv
h
m
Q
Liquids
bar bar in bar
bar bar bar in
bar bar in bar
out
bar h m
h m
bar bar in bar
out
bar h m
h m
out
bar bar in bar
bar h m
h m
out
bar bar in bar
bar h m h m
out
in
in
water
0 2
_
2
= + A A c P P P
bar bar in bar
AP = (- b - (b^2 - 4 * a * c)^0.5 ) / (2 * a)
a = 1
b = -2.88
a * AP^2 + b * AP + c = 0 c = 0.00180
AP = 0.0006
1 AP = 63
1.44 bar From Sheet Air blown line
-2 * P
in
hv = 170.1
-2.88
Pressure loss coefficient
AP = K * hv
K = AP / hv
AP = 63
hv = 170.1
C = (SG*Q
m3h
^2) / (Kv
m3h,bar
^2*18.9^2) * (273+t
out
)/293.15 K = 0.37
This value will be used in the calculation table in sheet
1 - "Air blown line"
74,760 m/h
128.6 C Check of flow rate
Kv coefficient for a butterfly valve
From sheet Norris B.V.
109,112
0.0018
Q = Kv * 18.9 * (DP*(2*Pin-DP)/SG*293.15/(273 ))^0.5
Kv = 109,112
DP = 0.0006
http://detector-gas-systems.web.cern.ch/detector-gas-systems/downloads/kv_calc_doc.pdf Pin = 1.44
SG = 1
t
out
= 128.6
Engineering information Q = 74,760
Flow factor and orifice size
15 . 293
273
9 . 18
2 2
, 3
2
3 out
bar h m
h m
t
Kv
Q SG
c
+

=
0 2
_
2
= + A A c P P P
bar bar in bar
out
bar bar in bar
bar h m h m
t SG
P P P
Kv Q
+

A A
=
273
15 . 293 ) 2 (
9 . 18
_
, 3 3
(- b - (b^2 - 4 * a * c)^0.5 ) / (2 * a)
bar
Pa
Pa
Pa
Pa
This value will be used in the calculation table in sheet
Kv * 18.9 * (DP*(2*Pin-DP)/SG*293.15/(273 ))^0.5
bar
bar
C
m/h
out
bar bar in bar
bar h m h m
t SG
P P P
Kv Q
+

A A
=
273
15 . 293 ) 2 (
9 . 18
_
, 3 3
[2a] Norris butterfly valves
http://www.norriseal.com/files/comm_id_47/BV_HowTo_Brochure_120811.pdf
Kv
m3h,bar
=
Cv =
Kv
m3h,bar
=
Valve diameter (Air blown line)
dn = 36 in
From table, for 200 psi valves
Fully open valve value
Cv = 126,000
Kv-value
Relation Kv - Cv
Kv
m3h,bar
= 0.865972 * Cv
Cv = 126,000
Kv
m3h,bar
= 109112.5
Cv Kv
bar h m
= 864972 . 0
, 3
[1] Degremont
Manual notes
[2a] Norris butterfly valves
http://www.norriseal.com/files/comm_id_47/BV_HowTo_Brochure_120811.pdf