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What to Expect with the AlcatelLucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Lab Exam?

FEBRUARY 20, 2007

1 2 3

Exam Topics ................................................................................3 Networking Fundamentals...............................................................3


2.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 Networking concepts .........................................................................3 IP routing basics ...............................................................................4 IGP ...............................................................................................4 BGP ..............................................................................................5

Routing Protocols..........................................................................4

4 5

MPLS..........................................................................................5 Layer 2 Services ...........................................................................6


5.1 5.2 VPLS .............................................................................................6 VPWS ............................................................................................6 VPRN ............................................................................................7 IES ...............................................................................................8

Layer 3 Services ...........................................................................7


6.1 6.2

7 8 9 10

QoS ...........................................................................................8 Multicast.....................................................................................8 Service Delivery ...........................................................................9 Exam Tips ...................................................................................9

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1 Exam Topics
The topics listed below may or may not be tested during the Alcatel-Lucent SRA Lab Exam; however candidates are responsible for ensuring that they are familiar with all of the topics below. Please note that any new features on the Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Service Router (SR) or the Alcatel-Lucent 7450 Ethernet Service Switch (ESS) become eligible for testing on the SRA Lab Exam once these features are generally available. The following is a list of the primary topics that candidates are expected to be familiar with before taking the SRA Lab Exam. Candidates should be able to configure, verify and troubleshoot any of the features listed below.

2 Networking Fundamentals
2.1 Networking concepts

TCP/IP and OSI layers


Protocol layering and encapsulation Understanding of the Alcatel-Lucent Service Router (SR) product architecture and the command line interface (CLI) Ethernet addressing, operation and topologies Ethernet switching and collision domains Other Layer 2 protocols (POS, ATM, frame relay) MAC forwarding table LAG, APS Spanning tree protocol and RSTP Function and operation of VLANs MAC filtering IP address structure and address classes Subnetting, VLSM and CIDR Basic principles of IP address planning Operation and application of ICMP Purpose and operation of ARP IP filtering

Layer 2 technologies

IP and Layer 3

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Transport Layer
Purpose and operation of transport layer protocols Ports, sockets and transport layer addressing Reliable transport in TCP/IP TCP connection setup and tear-down, 3-way handshake TCP sliding window operation TCP slow-start and congestion avoidance Capabilities and operation of UDP

3 Routing Protocols
3.1 IP routing basics

Functions and operation of an IP router Static and default routes Purpose and basic operation of a dynamic routing protocol Characteristics of a distance vector protocol Characteristics of a link state routing protocol Autonomous systems and BGP BGP features and characteristics BGP metrics and path selection

3.2 IGP

Distance vector protocol


RIP operation and messages Protocol operation Traffic engineering and constraint-based routing

Link state protocol

Routing protocol databases (routing, forwarding and link state) Route and filter policies OSPF
Link state advertisements Areas and topologies Areas and topologies

IS-IS Route advertisement behavior in different area types


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Static and default routes Bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD) IPv6 addressing ECMP

3.3 BGP
Autonomous system (AS) and BGP peering BGP messages and attributes Route reflectors and confederations Route advertisement Redistribution Policies and route selection BGP regular expressions

4 MPLS

Forwarding equivalence classes Labels and label stacks Label distribution and label bindings Label switched paths (LSPs) MPLS packet forwarding RSVP-TE Protocol operation Traffic-engineered and constraint-based LSPs LSP resiliency o o Secondary paths Fast reroute Protocol operation Signaling Targeted LDP

LDP

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5 Layer 2 Services
5.1 VPLS

VPLS control/data plane


VPLS label signaling VLPS encapsulation VPLS data forwarding Spoke and mesh SDPs SAP encapsulation VCType EtherType

Implementing VPLS

Handling of VLAN tags VPLS features


Database management Policy-based forwarding Layer 3 termination STP, RSTP MAC-MOVE Split horizon VPLS core mesh with spoke access Inter-metro service Dual-homed CEs o MSTP Redundant spoke SDPs Load balancing across redundant connections

VPLS loop prevention and control

Hierarchical VPLS

Management VPLS

5.2 VPWS

VPWS control/data plane VPWS pseudowire signaling VPWS encapsulation VPWS data forwarding

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Implementing and troubleshooting VPWS services (Apipe, Fpipe, Epipe, Ipipe) Interworking
ATM/frame relay interworking Ethernet interworking Ipipe

MTU Issues OAM Tools


svc-ping mac-ping mac-trace mac-populate mac-purge cpe-ping sdp-ping vccv-ping Local and distributed mirror services

6 Layer 3 Services
6.1 VPRN

VPRN control/data plane


MPLS label signaling MP-BGP label signaling

Route distinguisher and route targets VRF import and export policies Route selection VPRN topologies Full mesh Hub and spoke Overlapping Extranet Internet access

PE-CE routing protocols Intra-AS and inter-AS VPRN

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Spoke termination into VPRN interface


6.2 IES

Configuration Spoke-termination into Internet enhanced service (IES) interface

7 QoS

Traffic classification Marking Queuing Scheduling Rate limiting Resource allocation Congestion management Applying QoS to Layer 2 and Layer 3 services SAP ingress/egress and network policies Hierarchical QoS Multiservice site Multiple applications

ATM and frame relay parameters

8 Multicast

IP multicast addressing Multicasting at Layer 2 and Layer 3 IGMP and IGMP snooping PIM-SM Rendezvous point o Static and dynamic configuration

PIM-SSM Shared- and source-based trees Inter-domain and intra-domain multicasting Incongruent routing Multicasting in Layer 2 and Layer 3 VPN environments

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Policy

9 Service Delivery

Proxy ARP DHCP relay DHCP snooping Subscriber management services ARP reply agent Split horizon 802.1x authentication Auto-filters and anti-spoofing Secure MAC learning Service assurance agent

10 Exam Tips
The SRA Lab Exam is an eight-hour exam that covers a broad range of topics. The eight-hour time frame excludes a one-hour lunch break but includes any optional breaks that you would like to take. During the exam you will be allowed to access the soft copy of the product manuals only to use as reference material during the exam, if necessary. The product manuals will be accessible from the PC used to access all of the equipment that you need to configure during the exam. No other notes or text books or reference material are allowed during the exam. You will be provided with pen and paper during the exam. Electronic devices are not allowed into the examination room. The exam pass mark is 80%. You must complete some parts of the exam correctly in order to obtain full marks in later parts of the exam. Speed is essential for the successful completion of this exam. This can only be achieved through careful preparation before the exam and good time management techniques during the exam. Listed below are some tips to help students successfully prepare for and pass the SRA Lab Exam:

1. Ensure that you completely understand and are familiar with the configuration of
all the main features listed above for the Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Service Router and the 7450 Ethernet Service Switch. Review the student manuals of the prerequisite courses in the SRA track in order to become more comfortable with the material.

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2. Different scenarios cover different technology areas. Each scenario is composed of tasks
and sub-tasks of varying levels of difficulty. Pace yourself so that you have enough time to cover all the major scenarios.

3. For each scenario a recommended time and mark allocation are provided to help you
manage your time.

4. If you are unclear about anything in the exam, ask the proctor for clarification. The exam
proctor will attempt to clarify anything that may be ambiguous; however do not expect the proctor to provide too much information during or after the exam.

5. Since speed is essential to the successful completion of the SRA Lab Exam, you are
reminded once again that it is critical that you get enough hands-on experience with the 7750 SR and the 7450 ESS so that you are completely familiar with the configuration and troubleshooting of all the main features on these devices.

6. Use troubleshooting tools to verify your solution as often as possible. 7. Save your configuration often; your exam mark will be based on your final configuration. 8. Relax and read each question very carefully. Be thorough in your solution, but remember
to pace yourself appropriately.

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