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Name: Joanne Gryn and Ana Hernandez Grade: High School Content Area: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other

Drugs Lesson Topic: Alcohol Standards: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs 1.1.A Describe the health benefits of abstaining from or discontinuing use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. 1.7.A Analyze the consequences of binge drinking and its relationship to cancer; to liver, pancreatic, and cardiovascular diseases; and to a variety of gastrointestinal problems, neurological disorders, and reproductive system disorders. 1.9.A Explain the impact of alcohol and other drug use on vehicle crashes, injuries, violence, and risky sexual behavior. 4.1. A Demonstrate assertive communication skills to resist pressure to use alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

Objectives: 1. Upon completion of the lesson, the learner will describe 3 health benefits due to abstaining from the use of alcohol. 2. Upon completion of the lesson, the learner will describe consequences of binge drinking. 3. Upon completion of the lesson, the learner will explain why alcohol contributes to negative health behaviors. 4. Upon completion of the lesson, the learner will demonstrate how to resist pressure to use alcohol. Anticipatory Set (10 minutes): Discuss alcohol in general, define. -Ethanol is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor. Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. Alcohol affects every organ in the body. It is a central nervous system depressant

that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes; however, the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body (CDC, 2013). Assess students current knowledge about alcohol. - Ask them why alcohol is not healthy for individuals and see what they already know about the topic. Step-by-step procedure (15 minute lecture, 20 minute activity): -This will be the lecture portion of the lesson and will be used with a powerpoint. 1. Describe 3 health benefits from abstaining from the use of alcohol (Benefits of Quitting Drinking, 2013). i. Save money Alcohol is expensive ii. Live longer A person who is not an alcoholic will live longer than someone who is. iii. Improved relationships healthy relationships as well compared to alcoholics communicate with people on an open and honest level

2. Describe consequences of binge drinking. -Binge drinking means drinking so much within about 2 hours that blood alcohol concentration levels reach 0.08g/dL. For women, this usually occurs after about 4 drinks, and for men, after about 5. (CDC, 2013) i. Alcohol Poisoning (Binge Drinking, 2013) -Alcohol poisoning is the most life-threatening consequence of binge drinking. When someone drinks too much and gets alcohol poisoning, it affects the body's involuntary reflexes. a. Signs someone may have alcohol poisoning include: extreme confusion inability to be awakened vomiting seizures slow or irregular breathing

low body temperature bluish or pale skin ii. Impaired judgment -Binge drinking impairs judgment, so drinkers are more likely to take risks they might not take when they're sober. Some risks include: Drinking and driving May have unprotected sex iii. Physical Health -Studies show that people who binge-drink throughout high school are more likely to be overweight and have high blood pressure by the time they are 24. One beer contains about 150 calories. iv. Mental Health Binge drinkers have a harder time in school and they're more likely to drop out. Drinking disrupts sleep patterns Poor academic performance People who binge-drink may find that their friends drift away Drinking can affect personality; people might become angry or moody

3. Explain why alcohol contributes to negative health behaviors (Alcohols Effect on the Body, 2013) -Negative health effects include: a. Physical -Brain: Alcohol interferes with the brains communication pathways, and can affect the way the brain looks and works. These disruptions can change mood and behavior, and make it harder to think clearly and move with coordination. -Heart: Drinking a lot over a long time or too much on a single occasion can damage the heart, causing problems including: Stroke, High blood pressure -Liver :Heavy drinking takes a toll on the liver, and can lead to a variety of problems and liver inflammations including: Steatosis, or fatty liver, Fibrosis, and Cirrhosis -Cancer: Drinking too much alcohol can increase your risk of developing certain cancers, including cancers of the: Mouth, Esophagus, Throat, Liver, Breast

b. Emotional -Depression

4. Demonstrate how to resist pressure to use alcohol. Skit: The students will be given a scenario and will be asked to act out what they would do in that particular situation. Skit #1: You are at your friends party. The boy or girl that you have a crush on offers you a drink and this is the only chance you have to hangout with him/ her. What would you do? Engage in drinking? Keep in mind you have to drive home and you have an exam tomorrow.

Activity (20 minutes) -Discussion: Guest Speaker Present The purpose of having a guest speaker is to have the students relate with one of their peers. In class we are going to have Robert Anderson who is currently 19 years old come in and talk about his DUI accident which happened last year after his senior prom. Robert decided to drive home after the prom party because his house was just a couple of miles away. Robert was driving with his best friend, Phil and they got into an accident where they crashed with another car and injured a 37 year old mother and her 5 year old child. Robert was unconscious for minutes before the ambulance came and they were trapped under a tree. Phil did not make it out of the car and died instantly after the crash, suffering from traumatic brain injury due to the impact. -Open questions for guest: Q: What would you have done differently? A: (from Robert) I would have walked home or refrained from drinking if I was going to drive at all. I would also have not involved anyone else but myself because I was engaging in a risky behavior. Phil might not have died if he was not with me. Q: How will this incident affect you in the future? A: (from Robert): I will be forever feel responsible for killing my best friend. I will have this DUI on my accident forever. I am currently awaiting trial and am being charged with manslaughter. I may never be able to get a job in the future and I lost a lot of close friends due to the incident.

Closure (10 minutes) -Review of negative health effects of alcohol: Materials: -PowerPoint used for lecture and activity to hand out (professor). -Guest Speaker (Robert Anderson) -Pen/pencil for activity (student) -Markers/Eraser

References Alcohol's Effects on the Body | National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). (n.d.). National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Retrieved April 9, 2013, from CDC - Frequently Asked Questions - Alcohol. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 9, 2013, from

Dowshen, S. (n.d.). Binge Drinking . KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. Retrieved April 9, 2013, from H, J. (n.d.). The Benefits Of Quitting Drinking Why Should You Stop?. Clean And Sober Live Lifelong Addiction Recovery Through Personal Growth. Retrieved April 9, 2013, from