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Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.

32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS

Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

Q3 2008 Earnings Call

Company Participants
• Dane E. Holmes, Head of Investor Relations
• David A. Viniar, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Other Participants
• Prashant Bhatia
• Guy Moszkowski
• Glenn Schorr
• Meredith Whitney
• Patrick Pinschmidt
• Michael Mayo
• Roger Freeman
• Douglas Sipkin
• James Mitchell
• A. Michael Lipper


Good morning. My name is Gerald, and I will be your conference facilitator today. I would like to welcome everyone
to the Goldman Sachs third quarter 2008 earnings conference call. After the speakers' remarks, there will be a
question-and-answer period. [Operator instructions]. Also [start of CS audio] this call is being recorded today, Tuesday,
September 16th, 2008. Thank you. Mr. Holmes, you may begin your conference.

Dane E. Holmes, Head of Investor Relations

Good morning, everyone. This is Dane Holmes, Head of Investor Relations and welcome to our third quarter earnings
conference call.
Today's call may include forward-looking statements. These statements represent the firm's belief regarding future
events that by their nature are uncertain and outside of the firm's control. The firm's actual results and financial
condition may differ possibly materially from what is indicated in those forward-looking statements. For a discussion
of some of the risks and factors that could affect the firm's future results please see the description of risk factors in our
current annual report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended November 2007. I would also direct you to read the
forward-looking disclaimers in our quarterly earnings release, particularly as it relates to our investment banking,
transaction backlog and you should also read the information on the calculation of non-GAAP financial measures that
is posted on the Investor Relations portion of our website at
This audiocast is copyrighted materials of the Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. and may not be duplicated or rebroadcast
without our consent.
Let me now ask David Viniar, our Chief Financial Officer to review the firm's third quarter results.

Page 1 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

David A. Viniar, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Dane. Good morning, and I would like to thank all of you for listening. Before I discuss our results for the
third quarter, I want to briefly address events surrounding the financial services industry and some of the things that
have been said and written about Goldman Sachs and our business model.
First, the issues in the mortgage and credit markets have affected all financial institutions including investment banks,
commercial banks, regional banks, mortgage companies and insurers. These issues are in way isolated to the
broker-dealer sector. Some of the key issues facing the financial service industry have included concentrated sources of
revenue generation and outside risk exposure to certain asset classes. Declining market values across these products
translated into meaningful investment losses that in many cases resulted in dilutive capital raises.
Given our position within the global financial services industry, we have not emerged completely unscathed during this
process and I can assure you that we have made our share of mistakes. That being said, our priority is to protect the
firm's financial position and franchise at all costs. First and foremost, since going public, we have executed on our goal
of building a global diversified business model. This goal is not solely a business decision but also reflected a
fundamental risk management strategy.
Through our financial performance as a public company, we've repeatedly demonstrated the benefits of having a deep
and broad franchise. It is this business model and franchise, which despite the challenging environment, generated a
return on equity of nearly 19% over the past four quarters.
Second, a key component of our firm-wide risk management process is a disciplined approach to marking our assets to
market. Our commitment to daily marking allows to us appropriately measure risk, see problems early, and thus be
more proactive in managing our exposures. Our process is dedicated to marking each individual asset at a market
clearing level.
For example in the third quarter, we sold approximately $4 billion of non-agency residential mortgages, and virtually
every trade was at or above our marks. You will never hear from us that we won't sell an asset because we are reluctant
to take a loss since our positions are marked where they can be sold. We recognized early the risks associated with
concentrated exposures and aggressively moved to reduce them.
As we have discussed before, we had $52 billion in leveraged loans just over a year ago. Now we have $8 billion of
these legacy loans, an 85% reduction in our exposure. This risk reduction came at a substantial economic cost, as we
incurred losses of over $3 billion, but it was the realization of those losses on a daily basis that strengthened our resolve
to continue to reduce our exposures.
Let me be clear. Many times over the past year, we have sold assets that we believed would ultimately be worth more
than where we sold them. The reality was they were too large or too concentrated and therefore needed to be sold.
When we have a problem, we try to deal with it. As you've heard me say numerous times, the first loss is often the best
loss. Furthermore, as opposed to diluting our shareholders during the cycle, we've actually strengthened our
capitalization through the core earnings power of our franchise and business model. Despite the difficult environment,
we've grown book value per share by over 17% in the past four quarters. In addition, we continue to have significant
financial flexibility given the fact that 93% of our total shareholders' equity is comprised of common equity.
Finally, you've heard me talk about the importance of liquidity. We've always approached our liquidity risk
management framework with extreme conservatism. Throughout these trying times we have become even more
cautious in our approach. We continue to focus on maintaining the appropriate size, term structure and diversification
of our counterparties. Our global core assets averaged $102 billion during the third quarter, 17% higher than during the
second quarter.
In addition, the average life of our secured funding book is well in excess of 100 days with the more difficult-to-fund
assets having the longest term. For example, the average life for our bank loan funding is well in excess of six months.
It costs a lot of money to manage our liquidity in this conservative fashion, but at Goldman Sachs this expense has
never been up for debate.

Page 2 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

In addition to this conservative liquidity risk framework, the Federal Reserve's announcement on Sunday has
introduced policies that go even further in mitigating our liquidity risk. The Fed has agreed to accept in the PDCF
[Primary Dealers Credit Facility] a broad range of collateral that closely matches the assets eligible for triparty repo
including noninvestment grade debt securities, whole loans and domestic and international equities. So while our
access to funding continues to be quite robust, the Fed's actions have greatly diminished the liquidity risk associated
with our secured funding book.
There's broad-based fear in the markets today but we believe individual financial institutions that have global,
diversified business models and that have outperformed through the crisis will be positively differentiated, and that
goes for commercial banks, insurers, investment banks or any other type of financial institution. It is not the business
model. It is the performance that matters.
While I cannot predict the near term macro environment, I can assure you that Goldman Sachs has never been closer to
our clients or better positioned to face tough markets and take advantage of profitable opportunities. We'll continue to
manage this firm with our focus utmost on protecting this valuable franchise.
Now I'm going to turn to reviewing our third quarter results. Net revenues were $6 billion, net earnings were $845
million and earnings per diluted share were $1.81. Annualized return on common equity was 7.7%. Third quarter
market environment presented significant challenges. We experienced meaningful volume declines in many of our
businesses and pricing pressure across both equity and credit assets. Despite this difficult backdrop, we remain
committed to helping our clients at a time when sound advice and dependable execution were of the utmost importance,
and although this quarter was likely the most challenging operating environment we've experienced as a public
company, the strength of our franchise and effectiveness of our business model have never been more evident.
Let me now review each of our major businesses. Investment Banking produced net revenues of $1.3 billion this
quarter, down 23% from the second quarter. Third quarter Advisory Revenues were $619 million down 23%
sequentially. We ranked first in announced global and completed mergers and acquisitions for the calendar year to date.
We advised on a number of important transactions that closed during the quarter including Endesa Italia's €9.1 billion
sale of a majority stake to E.ON, Ingersoll Rand's $11.5 billion acquisition of Trane and Novartis' $10.5 billion
acquisition of a minority stake in Alcon. We are also advisor on a number of significant announced transactions
including Anheuser-Busch's $56.9 billion sale to InBev, Alltel's $28.1 billion sale to Verizon Wireless and ATP
Pharmaceutical's $5.6 billion sale.
Underwriting revenues were $675 million, down 24% sequentially. Equity underwriting revenues of 292 million were
down 53% from a strong second quarter that included our participation in a number of financial institution capital
raises. Significant declines in global equity markets during the third quarter also meaningfully reduced new issue
volumes. IPO activity was particularly weak with industry volumes down more than 50% sequentially. Debt
underwriting revenues were up 42% from a weak second quarter to $383 million. Bank loan activity increased while
investment grade and high yield underwriting activity levels continued to be soft.
During the quarter, we participated in a number of significant underwriting transactions including Wrigley's $4.9
billion debt offering, State Street's $2.9 billion common stock offering and AngloGold Ashanti's $1.8 billion rights
offering. Our Investment Banking backlog increased during the quarter.
Let me turn to Trading and Principal Investments which includes FICC [Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities],
Equities and Principal Investments.
Net revenues in this segment were $2.7 billion, down 52% from the second quarter. FICC net revenues were 1.6 billion,
down 33% sequentially. Rates, currencies and commodities all produced solid revenues that were up from the second
quarter showing the continued strength of our macro franchise. Credit revenues declined sequentially due to lower
client activity, weak investment performance, largely outside of the United States and approximately 275 million of
losses associated with our leveraged lending business. Mortgage revenues also declined from the second quarter due to
residential and commercial real estate net losses of 500 million and $325 million respectively.

Page 3 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

Turning now to Equities, net revenues for the third quarter were $1.6 billion, down 37% on a sequential basis. Equities
trading net revenues were $354 million, down 72% from the second quarter. Significant declines in global equity
markets and higher volatility levels combined to form a challenging environment for this business. In addition, client
deleveraging and lower activity levels drove fewer opportunities across various businesses particularly in August.
Principal Strategy's results were also very weak. Equities commissions of $1.2 billion in the quarter were strong, down
approximately 2% on a sequential basis. Turning to risk, average daily value at risk in the third quarter was 181 million
compared to 184 million for the second quarter. Our equity category VAR declined during the quarter due to lower
position sizes while our currency category VAR declined due to lower exposures.
Let me now review Principal Investments. We recorded $581 million in losses from other corporate principal and real
estate investments, largely outside of the U.S. This was offset by $106 million gain on our ICBC [Industrial and
Commercial Bank of China] investment for net loss of 453 million in the third quarter. Our invest in ICBC produced a
gain during the quarter despite a decline in their stock price due to the amortization of our liquidity valuation
adjustment as we approach the April 2009 initial lockup expiration. We produced very strong results in asset
management and security services with net revenues of $2 billion, down 5% from the second quarter.
Asset management produced net revenues of $1.1 billion, which were down 3% sequentially. Assets under
management decreased to $863 billion at the end of the third quarter. During the quarter, assets under management
decreased 32 billion reflecting $7 billion of outflows and $25 billion of mortgage depreciation largely in equity assets.
Securities Services produced its second best quarterly net revenues of 916 million down 7% from a seasonally strong
second quarter.
Now let me turn to expenses. Compensation and benefits expense in the third quarter was 2.9 billion, accrued at 48% of
net revenues. Third quarter non-compensation expenses were $2.2 billion, a 6% increase from the second quarter.
Excluding non-compensation expenses related to consolidating investments, costs were up 2% sequentially largely in
other expenses and primarily related to our reinsurance business. Although a non-compensation expense fluctuates
from quarter to quarter, we're vigilant about controlling costs especially in light of the more challenging environment.
Headcount at the end of the third quarter was approximately 32,600, up 3% from the second quarter reflecting the
normal seasonal pattern of college and business school hires starting in our analyst and associate programs during the
Our year-to-date effective tax rate was 25.1%, which resulted in a tax rate of 12% for the third quarter. The decrease in
the effective tax rate was largely due to the geographic mix of earnings and an increase in permanent benefits as a
percentage of lower earnings.
During the quarter, the firm repurchased 1.5 million shares for approximately $270 million. We currently have
approximately 61 million shares remaining under the firm's existing stock repurchase authorization.
As I mentioned earlier, our liquidity and capital positions are strong. As of the end of the quarter, our Tier 1 ratio was
11.6%. In addition, our global core access pool of liquidity averaged $102 billion during the third quarter. Given the
current challenging operating environment, we are maintaining higher than normal levels of capital and liquidity.
The global Capital Markets have experienced significant turmoil over the past year. Extreme volatility and asset value
reductions across both credit and equity markets have presented numerous challenges for Goldman Sachs and our
peers. Throughout this period, we've remained focused on protecting the firm and limiting the impact of a dislocated
environment. But with challenges come opportunities and the risk management decisions we've made over time allow
us to approach this market from a position of strength.
We continue to be outward looking and know that in times of market stress our clients come to Goldman Sachs even
more often for our guidance and execution. We will remain focused on our core strategies and be opportunistic about
committing capital. While you know me well enough to know that I won't predict when this extended credit crisis will
end, I can promise you it will end. The continued hard work of the people of Goldman Sachs and our unrelenting focus
on our clients will leave us well positioned to pursue our goal of long-term value creation for our shareholders.

Page 4 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

With that, I'd like to thank you again for listening today and I'm now happy to take your questions.

[Operator Instructions]. Your first question comes Prashant Bhatia from Citigroup.
<Q - Prashant Bhatia>: David, there seems to be a perception that having bank deposits is in some way a cure-all.
Even if you were to merge with a commercial bank, again, just theoretically, would you even be allowed to use those
deposits in your trading businesses?
<A - David Viniar>: Well, look, you made a very good point. You can answer the question for me. You know, our
banking competitors also need to fund the capital markets. Bank deposits can basically be used to fund the business of
the bank, what a bank does, not the capital markets businesses that – largely not the capital markets businesses that we
are in, and so I think the answer is there would be some small portion of our business that would probably be able to be
funded by bank deposits, but most of the business that we're in could not be funded by banks.
It's one of the reasons -- and you can all look this up – why, if you look at – if you take – I'd ask you a leading question.
Take five big financial institutions, four of the biggest, best banks in the world, you know, Citi, JPMorgan, UBS, Bank
of America and add Goldman Sachs to that list and which one do you think has the lowest amount of long-term
unsecured debt sourced in the capital markets? It's Goldman Sachs, because while we have big non-bank businesses to
fund so do our competitors. They're very good competitors. They're very good companies. They can access the capital
markets, as can we.
<Q - Prashant Bhatia>: Great, thanks. Also, I guess, from a risk management perspective, you've talked about
liquidity and so on, but what we're seeing in the marketplace right now in some ways is a run on certain stocks. How do
you from a risk management perspective deal with that situation? Is there a way to deal with that situation?
<A - David Viniar>: I count on you to do that for us. You have to tell people what's really going on. Look, there is
very little we can do about that. We can't stop rumors and we can't stop fear. I have believed for a very long time that if
we perform well, our stock price will follow. It may not follow each individual day, and rumors and fear in the market
might affect our stock price for a period of time, but if we continue to perform well in all environments, and of course,
we're not going to perform as well in an environment like this as we will in an environment of good global growth, but
if we continue to perform well and perform at or near the market, I believe that our stock price will ultimately follow
<Q - Prashant Bhatia>: Okay, and then just finally, I know you don't normally comment on individual clients and so
on, but in terms of Lehman and AIG, could you just help, you know, investors understand what kind of exposures you
have with each of those entities?
<A - David Viniar>: Sure. Let me, without giving exact numbers, let me just tell you how we think about this. Look,
AIG and Lehman, big, important financial institution counterparties to Goldman Sachs. We did and we do a lot of
business with both of them, as we do with all other major financial institutions. The way we do business with financial
institutions is by having appropriate daily margin terms. That's how we're able to do the volume of business with each
other that we do. And that goes for AIG, Lehman and also Morgan Stanley and J.P. Morgan and Citi and UBS and
Credit Suisse. That's how we manage our risk.
In addition to the margin terms, we augment our risk management with appropriate hedging strategies. You heard at the
beginning of my remarks that we believe one of the biggest challenges we have is to avoid large concentrated
exposures, and we took that very much into account in managing our credit exposures to Lehman and to AIG, as well
as we do with any other financial institution, and given that, what I would tell you is, given the outcome at Lehman and
whatever the outcome at AIG, I would expect the direct impact of our credit exposure to both of them to be immaterial
to our results.

Page 5 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

<Q - Prashant Bhatia>: Okay, thanks, David, that's very helpful.

<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your next question comes from Glenn Schorr with UBS.
Your next question comes from Guy Moszkowski with Merrill Lynch.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: Good morning, David.
<A - David Viniar>: Hey, Guy.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: To your point about long-term funding, or actually just focusing on current portion of it, you
have about 29 billion of long-term debt and short term coming due and 21 billion of hybrid instruments, so it looks like
about 50 billion out of your total $300 billion debt load or 16% that is in the next 12 months at least looking at the last
10-Q. Obviously it changed in the quarter. Can you describe to us how you're finding conditions in the debt markets
and how you trade off your funding options going forward versus the returns on assets available to you? In other words,
does the Lehman bankruptcy mean that your access to funding is going to be more complicated and potentially limit
your asset growth and financial leverage over the next 12 to 18 months?
<A - David Viniar>: Guy, that's a very good question, and I think time will tell the answer to that question. I'm not
going to say anything you don't know. The debt markets have clearly been more challenging in the last few months
than they were in the months before that. We've continued to access funding. We've done less long-term debt issuance
in the last quarter than we did in the quarters before. That's one of the reasons why we access the markets significantly
more than we need when they're open. We did a tremendous amount of long-term debt financing in the first half of this
year so that in the second half, when markets weren't as welcoming, we wouldn't have as much to do. We've done more
longer-secured financing than we had done in the past because that's been more available, and I think we recognize the
fact that the financing costs have gone up, Frankly, yields on assets have gone up also. The one thing we do when we
do longer term financing, we swap everything back basically to overnight or most things back to overnight.
So as yields on asset goes up, they tend to match funding costs so you know, the carry doesn't make that big of a
difference to us, but it's a more challenging environment. In a more challenging environment, you saw that we did kind
of constrain the growth of our balance sheet for the last two quarters. We reduced our concentrated exposures. We have
taken less risk because it's a more challenging environment, and so we will be prudent first. We will play defense first
in this opportunity, and then we will look for opportunities as well.

Your next question comes from Glenn Schorr with UBS
<Q - Glenn Schorr>: Hi, I'm in this time?
<A - David Viniar>: You're back, Glenn. I thought you didn't want to talk to me.
<Q - Glenn Schorr>: I thought my phone was turned off. Back to something related to counterparty, given the events
and that no one was able to think about what's gone on in the last week or so, how have your thoughts changed on the
risk management side related to counterparty exposure, thoughts on over-the-counter derivatives, repo market, how you
manage your book and then how you think the system could change to a more clearing based mentality, if you will?
<A - David Viniar>: I mean to say we're not affected by what's happening would be disingenuous. Clearly, we're
going to be more cautious in our counterparty risk. However, we have to do that. Whether it's through different margin
terms, through more hedging ourselves which is likely what we will do, but we're still going to be doing business in the

Page 6 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

markets and we still think there's a lot of good counterparties out there. We have always, as I have said a couple of
times, we've been concerned about large concentrated exposures no matter how good the counterparty is and so that's
why we do things with margin triggers. We'll take some exposure. We'll try and limit the amount. We'll hedge where
we have exposures that we think are too big. So you know, it's something that we have always done and of course,
we're focused even more on.
As far as clearing, I think we've talked in the past. I think it is likely that there will be an industry-wide solution and
some industry-wide utility over the coming months. I can't tell you if it's going to be three or six, but people are
working really hard on it and everybody knows that would be a good thing.
<Q - Glenn Schorr>: Cool. Well, two-parter – well, how about this, I'm pretty sure that any liquidation of a portfolio
or a company doesn't necessarily create a mark-to-market, but does something like what seems to be reasonably
aggressive third quarter mark on Lehman's residential assets, does that create a mark, and as companies get a little
squeezed here, there's calls on collateral and certain portfolios get liquidated what are you expecting the follow-on
impact into the credit markets to be?
<A - David Viniar>: We mark things based on where we believe we can sell them at the time, quite often based on
where things have actually been sold regardless of where other people mark their assets. So that's how we mark our
I think, sure, you know, Lehman announced, you know, filing over the weekend and the credit markets declined.
Spreads widened. Mortgage assets went down in values. If we own an asset, it goes down in value, we'll lower our
mark, but over other than the initial reaction, I actually think it was pretty well signaled that Lehman was trying to sell
their assets. So that overhang was very largely in the market. I don't think it's going to be a surprise to anyone. I know
from reading what you guys in the press have written more than anything else how many people they had talked to. So
I think, as I said, that overhang was pretty in the market. I think in some ways it might be the case that after a couple of
months if that asset gets sold, you actually take some overhang out and things actually improve. So I don't think it's
going to have any meaningful, you know, other than initial impact on values of assets.
<Q - Glenn Schorr>: Okay, last one is if you think about it, there's been some comments out of the rating agencies just
recently after some hibernation that have really made a big impact on the fate of certain companies. How much do you
– I know you haven't relied on individual securities. You've always done your own work, your own models there, but
on the counterparty side, how much does the public rating matter to your counterparty exposure? Is it self-fulfilling,
and is any work-around to that at this extreme point?
<A - David Viniar>: It's one data point we use. We look at what the rating agencies say. We think that they are a data
point we can use. They are a resource we can use, an important resource that we in the markets use, but it's not the only
one we use. We do our own credit work as well. We look at whatever information we can get including what the rating
agencies say.
<Q - Glenn Schorr>: Thanks, David.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your next question comes from Meredith Whitney with Oppenheimer.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Good morning, David.
<A - David Viniar>: Good morning, Meredith.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: I have a few questions. Let me first start out with just a clarification. It's unclear to me you
that wouldn't get any advantage from deposits. Obviously, you can't fund the capital markets activity with deposits, but
your overall credit ratings as seen by the rating agencies would improve because of the diversification. So there would

Page 7 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

be a benefit, right? Isn't that how it works?

<A - David Viniar>: Well, I didn't say we wouldn't get any benefit. I said that most of the assets that we fund – that we
have, can't be funded by a bank. Some could be. Look, I think there are – there are not many banks that are rated higher
than we are at this point. So I think...
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: I understand.
<A - David Viniar>: I think, again, even with the rating agencies, I think there is some benefit to being a bank, but
more importantly it's a question of performance and there are several banks that are quite good and quite strong and
deserve a quite strong rating, but I think it's based on their performance more than anything else.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Okay. So given these extreme market conditions, I'm going to ask some extreme questions.
If you – if the industry was forced to adopt bank holding company structures, what conceptually would you imagine
that would cost you in terms of profitability? Negative that way and positive there when you look through that. Is it a
possibility, albeit a distant possibility?
<A - David Viniar>: That's an extremely – to use the word extreme again – complicated question to answer because it
depends on exactly what the rules were. It depends, you know, there are parts of the bank holding company regulations
that include things like how many of your assets, what percentage you have to lend into your local community. So if it
totally changed our business model then it might change things a lot. If it didn't and it was just a question of having
deposits, using some of it to do certain things but largely operating the business the way we operate it today, I don't
think it would change things very much.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Okay. Here's another extreme example, but we're in an extreme environment again.
<A - David Viniar>: Meredith, I should say, I can't tell you for sure because we've never been regulated. We never
operated as a bank and it's not something we're an expert at.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Sure. With respect to what's gone on with Lehman and what is going on with AIG with
respect to sales in the marketplace and real capitulation sales which you guys have been – I know you have been
expecting capitulation sales. I can't imagine your risk management is good enough to expect the capitulation sale shares
of those two, right? Who knew? Can you walk through the liquidity discounts that you have embedded in your asset
values on a very generic basis to anticipate what happens to your portfolio when you see a capitulation sale, market
capitulation sale of unprecedented proportions?
<A - David Viniar>: First of all, while you said we can't anticipate, you know, we certainly did not anticipate exactly
what happened to Lehman, but as I said before, we anticipated that they were trying to sell a very large portion of their
troubled assets for a while.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Yeah, but all of their assets?
<A - David Viniar>: Okay, I'm just talking about the troubled. You know, that's been well known for a fairly long
time. That's actually not only been in our – in what we thought, it's been in the prices of markets of assets so as we sold
things, that's been taken into account and as we bought things as well.
And so you know, generically what we do is we look at what assets we have and as I said, first of all, most of the marks
are not based on where we think we can sell them. Most of them are based on where we sold them and where we've
actually seen trading in the market. There is a lot of activity in the markets even for less liquid assets. They may not be
exactly the same assets they have, you have. They may be slightly different. You might have seven tranches of a
commercial real estate asset or commercial real estate loan and two of them may trade and the other five don't but that
gives you a pretty good sense of where the other five are going to be, and we mark things where we think we can sell
our assets in the size we have them.
We don't mark it where we think we can sell every dollar tomorrow. We mark it where we can think we can sell it over
a reasonable timeframe of, you know, whether it's 30 or 60 days and you know, that's how we think about things and as

Page 8 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

I said, sure, I think that the Lehman filing over the weekend probably caused asset values to decline yesterday. There
was no question about it. Credit spreads widened. Mortgage indices widened dramatically, those assets went down in
value, but I think that was a, you know, kind of shock reaction more than anything. It's been well signaled to the market
that most of those troubled assets are going to be sold, and I think that at some point getting the overhang out will be a
good thing for asset value.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Two last quickies. When you look at companies' ability to raise capital on the equity – in
the equity market significantly diminished and now more assets being put on the market to raise capital, does that
change what you had anticipated in terms of capitulation sales?
<A - David Viniar>: Not really. I think there have still been, as we've talked about, slower than we thought, we
thought we would have seen more troubled assets for sale than we have seen. So no, I don't think anything has changed
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: The last one is a special request. Would you remind me of – things are never as bad as they
seem or never as good as they seem?
<A - David Viniar>: Happy to. I was actually on the phone with someone earlier and I said that and we believe it. You
know, when things are bad it appears that they will never get better. When things are good, it appears that they will
never get worse. They both happen. When they're good, they get worse. When they're bad, they get better and you
never see either one coming and afterwards, it was obvious it was going to happen.
So look, you know, I'm not unrealistic about this. We're in a very, very difficult time, but you heard me say it. Things
will get better. I don't know when. But they will get better.
<Q - Meredith Whitney>: Thanks, Dave.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your next question is a follow-up from Guy Moszkowski with Merrill Lynch.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: I did it. Thank you.
<A - David Viniar>: It sounded like you got cut off, Guy.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: Yeah, I think they wanted to go back to Glenn. I just wanted to ask you about the CMBS
exposure update sort of how that's evolved in the quarter? Obviously that's not that enormous a deal for you, but I'd just
be interested in knowing what the numbers were and to the extent that they came down, how much versus sales, versus
marks and principal reduction?
<A - David Viniar>: Sure, our total commercial real estate exposure was 16.6 billion at the end of the second quarter,
14.7 billion at the end of the third quarter. If you take out CMBS, which are more trading assets, you know, you are at
15.2 at the end of the second quarter and 12.4 at the end of the third quarter and you know, the great majority of those
reductions were sales, and you kind of heard what the losses were. Those were net. There were some gains on some of
the hedges but the majority of those reductions were sales.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: Got it. There was a comment in the press release about how in credit products you had weak,
I guess, negative investment results. What was that exactly and is it something that was not captured then on the 453
million loss on Principal Investments?
<A - David Viniar>: It was not in the Principal Investments. It was really within credit. We've talked about this before.
Within our credit businesses, we will do a variety of things including sometimes you buy distressed debt that for which
you get equity when companies recover, sometimes we'll actually make small equity investments because, you know,
given the size of companies you'll invest all across the capital structure. But quite often what will happen, sometimes

Page 9 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

these distressed investments or these small investments will turn into equity and then it's still within our credit business
because that's how it is managed given the size of the companies and you know, sometimes whether they're private or
public, sometimes they'll go public after you make that investment and you get equity and then we just mark it to
market, and sometimes even in private form, we mark them to market. So really it's those investments within the credit
business that start off smaller and you know, sometimes get big and that's a good thing. That didn't do well as asset
values declined and it's all within the credit business.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: Okay. Fair enough. Thanks for the explanation. I was wondering if you could walk us
through the roll-forward on the Tier 1 ratio in the third quarter? Was it principally just the increase in retained
earnings? Was there also a reduction in risk-weighted assets as you changed around the portfolio?
And sort of as a follow-up to that, BIS is proposing a greater weighting for market risk assets. Any comment on their
proposal and any estimate of the impact on your Tier 1 ratio?
<A - David Viniar>: Guy, I believe, but we will confirm to you that most of the increase was from the increase in
capital, although our risk-weighted assets did come down as well, but you know, more would be weighted toward the
increase in capital.
And on the proposal and what it would affect, you know, we're just going to have to do more work on that to come
back to you.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: Finally, the level three assets, I think you commented came down by 9 or 10 billion
depending on which particular measure you use. I assume that most of that is a reduction in leveraged finance?
<A - David Viniar>: That was part of it and it was either types of level three assets as well, but the level-- the
leveraged finance assets were the biggest driver of that.
<Q - Guy Moszkowski>: Great. Thank you very much, David.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your next question comes from Patrick Pinschmidt with Morgan Stanley.
<Q - Patrick Pinschmidt>: Hey, David.
<A - David Viniar>: Hey, Patrick.
<Q - Patrick Pinschmidt>: While I understand the limitations on using the deposit base here in the U.S. to help fund
the broker, what about Europe? You know, potentially are there some opportunities there to kind of grow the deposits
to help with some long-term funding for the broker?
<A - David Viniar>: Yes, there are different rules in Europe than there are in the United States. Look, we have a bank
in the United States. It has mid-20 billion type of deposits, which by the way, makes it like the 50th largest bank in the
United States. We have a bank in Ireland that has about 10-ish billion dollars of deposits we use. We have them and we
use them. It's just not our basic business model. There are some advantages. We have some of them. We use them
where we can, but it's, you know, it doesn't fit with most of our business model.
<Q - Patrick Pinschmidt>: Okay. So even if, I guess, the Fed's action on Sunday night temporarily suspending section
23A of the Federal Reserve Act, even if that were made permanent, would you see any benefit to boosting your bank
deposits here in the U.S.?
<A - David Viniar>: I don't actually think they suspended it. I think they changed it somewhat.
<Q - Patrick Pinschmidt>: Yeah, the temporary exemption.

Page 10 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

<A - David Viniar>: Right. Look, you know, there are a lot of things – you know, I don't mean to be – not answer
questions but people are asking a lot of theoretical questions about what would happen if the world changes and if the
world changes, we would evaluate the world at the time and decide what we thought was in the best interest of the firm
and our shareholders. You know we can really only operate where we are today. We're always looking at what might
happen and if different things unfold, if different rules happen, if things change, we might make different decisions, but
given the rule set that we have to operate under today, we think what we have works quite well.
<Q - Patrick Pinschmidt>: Okay, great. Fair enough, thanks, David.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your next question comes from Mike Mayo with Deutsche Bank.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: Hi.
<A - David Viniar>: Hey, Mike.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: You've talked a lot about your BRIC [Brazil, Russia, India, China] expansion strategy but the
BRIC stock market indices were down like about 1/5 last quarter. I have them down 16% so far this month. So the
question is, I know, that's your long-term strategy. It's not a straight line. Are you changing your capital allocation to
BRIC or non-U.S. countries, changing staffing, any other changes there?
<A - David Viniar>: Look, Mike, that is a very good question and it is something that we clearly are looking at quite
closely in this environment. We have not changed our long-term strategy at all. We continue to believe that is where we
will see very good, in fact, probably the best growth opportunities looking out into the medium to long term.
Everything you said about the decline in those markets is correct. They have been more dramatic than the decline in
other markets. You know, we talked in the past about the fact that we know this is not going to be a straight line up and
there's going to be bumps and the bumps are going to be bigger.
You know, on a tactical basis, we'll probably take less risk there for some period of time, but I don't think it will be a
long period of time and it's a tactic not a strategy. And you know, as things start to pick up, it will continue to be our
strategy to concentrate growth in assets and people and capital in the BRICs.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: In terms of staffing in those economies or overall staffing for Goldman Sachs, you increased
head count 3% this quarter. Any changes in overall staffing?
<A - David Viniar>: We increased by about 3% in the quarter. I think we will be up on the year if you exclude the
acquisition of Litton, very low single digits, you know, a couple of percent and as far as next year, we're literally going
through the budgeting process right now and trying to figure out what we should do.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: As far as Principal Investment losses, you said most were outside the U.S.
<A - David Viniar>: yes.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: Then you have the stock indices, I'm not sure how good we can use that to model the Principal
Investment losses. What are the Principal Investment losses so far this quarter or your marks this quarter, if you are
able to disclose that?
<A - David Viniar>: It's two weeks in and we don't obviously talk about where we are two weeks into a quarter.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: Sure, that's fair. And then you said it's never as bad as it seems. If you believe that, how are you
capitalizing off the current dislocations, or how can you capitalize further?
<A - David Viniar>: Look, we will continue to look for opportunities to buy assets at what we think are good prices.
The distressed investing business for Goldman Sachs over the years has been a very, very good business. You know,

Page 11 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

part of me says I wish it wasn't. You know, I would rather there were no distressed assets anywhere and the world was
growing at a great pace everywhere in the world. Unfortunately, that's not the case. There have not been as many sales
of distressed assets as we thought there would be up till now. We think that there will be opportunities to do this in the
future, in the near future, and so as we see them, taking into consideration that times are tough and we are going to be
prudent about how we commit our capital and our liquidity, we would like to take advantage of some of those
<Q - Michael Mayo>: Last question, just as a follow-up, the discussion about you joining up with a bank at some
point. Given the rules the way they stand today, would it be extremely unlikely that you would join up with a bank?
<A - David Viniar>: Within the context of the fact that never is a really long time, and I try not to think, you know, in
those timeframes. We think that the business model that we have right now is working quite well and that our
performance is good and you heard what I said at the beginning, that we think it is not about the model. It is about the
performance of the company, and the model that we are in has helped us and allowed us to perform as well as we have
and we would like to continue that.
<Q - Michael Mayo>: All right. Thank you.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your next question comes from Roger Freeman with Lehman Brothers.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Good morning, David.
<A - David Viniar>: Hey, Roger.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: I guess I want to come back to the funding question. So you know, you're saying, you know,
large parts of your business really can't, don't fit well under the bank framework because of the funding. You've got the
Fed now essentially as a repo counterparty. At some point, those facilities are going to go away, presumably in better
times. How do you think the asset backed financing market will shape up, i.e. do you think there will be permanent,
higher discounts to asset prices? Will there be fewer assets that will be repo-able? Will that be a limiting factor in
funding going forward?
<A - David Viniar>: Look, first of all, and again, I don't mean to keep picking on this, but you said permanent,
permanent is a long time.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Fair enough.
<A - David Viniar>: Our business is a very cyclical business, and every time we go through a cycle like this, with this,
you know, this being maybe one of the worst we have ever seen, people think no one is going to take risks again,
there's going to be no securitizations again, you know, all the things, and never is a long time and people ultimately
come back and take risks.
You know, there's a lot of liquidity in the market right now. There's just a lot of fear that's overwhelming people's
willingness to use that liquidity. So when things get better it could get better pretty quickly. So no, I don't think there's
going to a permanent decline. I don't think that there's going to be a permanent change in the assets that can be
financed. I think it's a tough funding market today, but no, I don't think it's permanent.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Okay. Can you tell us what the structured debt marks were in the quarter in terms of – I
presume those were gains?
<A - David Viniar>: Yeah, they were gains and they were less than $200 million. Somewhere in the range of 175,
something like that.

Page 12 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

<Q - Roger Freeman>: Mostly in FICC?

<A - David Viniar>: Excuse me?
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Mostly in FICC?
<A - David Viniar>: Yes.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Okay. And in terms of remaining exposures, we've got commercial and leveraged loans, I
think. Do you have Alt-A, subprime and prime exposures for this quarter?
<A - David Viniar>: I do. I do. Within resi, prime was, I will give you round numbers. Prime was about 7 billion.
Little over 7, but within that, about 5 billion was agencies; Alt-A about 3.6 and subprime 1.7.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Okay.
<A - David Viniar>: 12.7 total.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: 12.7 total, okay thanks. And then can you give us average marks on Alt-A and commercial?
<A - David Viniar>: I think I can. You've just got to give me a second.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: I guess leveraged loans, while you're at it.
<A - David Viniar>: On Alt-A, I think the weighted average mark at the end of the quarter was around 50.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Okay.
<A - David Viniar>: What else did you ask for? Which other ones?
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Commercial, mortgage and securities, however you look at that combined.
<A - David Viniar>: Commercial's a lot harder because there are so many tranches and securities are all over the
place. You know to put it in context on the – on the loans, on some of the – and see, I'm not going to able to give you
everything because there are so many different parts of it, but I would tell you that most of the loans were in the low
80s, and the securities are all over the place. It depends on what they are.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: What if you looked at the range of property types backed by the loans and securities? Can you
put those in any buckets for us? How much is office versus multifamily, commercial?
<A - David Viniar>: I actually -- I don't have that level of detail with me. We have it. But I don't just don't have it.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Okay. The last question, I mean, if you think about the 325 million in marks you're taking
across commercial, securities and loans, you haven't -- I don't think you have disclosed any specific marks in the past,
presumably they have been bundled in there but that's only a 2% mark, right? So I am just trying to bridge that to where
you are saying, you know, low 80s in the loans, for example? It's tough to triangulate, because it looks like you've only
got 2% total net mark because this is the first quarter we're seeing any commercial marks.
<A - David Viniar>: You have to look at where it was last quarter versus where it is this quarter. Remember we also
had hedges in there which as you know the CMBX indices widened a lot over the course of the course of the quarter.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: The hedges were pretty effective.
<A - David Viniar>: Yeah, this quarter they were, and there will be quarters where they won't be and we know that.
<Q - Roger Freeman>: Thank you very much.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Page 13 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

Your next question comes from Douglas Sipkin with Wachovia.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Yeah, good morning, David.
<A - David Viniar>: Hey, Doug.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: So, obviously a lot of questions on big picture stuff, most of them have been answered. I just
wanted to drill down a couple of the revenue lines.
<A - David Viniar>: Sure.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Securities Services, second best ever.
<A - David Viniar>: Yep.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: I know it's a very challenging environment for hedge funds, a lot of deleveraging, slowdown in
activity, so I'm surprised by the strength. Is it more a function of, I guess, some of the capacity coming out affording
you guys a little bit more pricing power, or was there just more activity than I think we thought?
<A - David Viniar>: I think it was more of the former than the latter.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: And then can you talk about that? I mean, obviously, it's an incredibly challenging
environment like nothing we've ever seen, but I mean, moving along to other pieces of the business, do you get the
sense that that's going to start to show up with all this capacity coming out, you know, all the way down to maybe even
underwriting where there is going to start to be more pricing power with the remaining firms?
<A - David Viniar>: Look, hard to say. We're not happy with how capacity has come out of the market.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Sure.
<A - David Viniar>: We feel for the people. We have a lot of compassion for them. We wish it never happened. I'd
rather we had more, good, strong competitors than we have right now. Yeah, it's likely that certainly when things start
getting better, and if there are more opportunities and fewer competitors, that will help our market shares and our
pricing power. You know, it should give us opportunities going forward. I wish we didn't have them.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Moving back to the big picture stuff. Obviously you guys have done a very good job of
managing through this situation, and I know your views on gross leverage, you guys view them as misleading, but it
feels like right now the market has the potential to make things happen, maybe that don't necessarily need to happen. I
mean, have you guys given any thought to more sources of permanent capital? Not so much that you need them but
maybe the markets would be relieved by you getting them, and it would probably improve, you know, the debt spreads
and make cost of funding easier.
<A - David Viniar>: I think I was talking to someone before who used a line which I really liked. He said that, you
know, you should do things before you have to, and I completely agree with it, and I think we have been doing some of
that. You know, the fact that we had basically rounding to zero buybacks in the last two quarters is one of the things
that with our earnings allowed us to grow our capital more than we would have. I would love to have been able to buy
back shares and have a higher ROE but we thought it was more prudent to grow capital. Having over $100 billion of
excess cash over the quarter has cost us money, you know, I'd love to have the, you know, not do that and fund
everything secured and have lower interest costs and have higher EPS. But we thought in this quarter it was better to do
things before we had to, and so this quarter and last quarter and for the last several, so we have been growing our
capital. We've been increasing our liquidity. We've been doing things to make sure that we were appropriately risk
managed so that when there are opportunities we can take advantage of them. In this environment, it was really-- it was
and it is defense first.

Page 14 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Just, you know, commenting in the press release about the investment banking backlog being
up, I guess you guys don't probability weight that stuff. Can you just talk more about the details behind?
<A - David Viniar>: We actually do. Our Investment Banking backlog is probability weighted, and so it is. That's how
we calculate it.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: So then can you talk about what areas are stronger versus last quarter?
<A - David Viniar>: It was largely in the merger area.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Okay.
<A - David Viniar>: Increase was largely merger related.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Is this stuff that is announced but not closed or like pre-announced?
<A - David Viniar>: It could be-- it could be either, but it has a high enough probability that we think it should be in
backlog. We actually scrub that quite well. We go through it deal by deal to make sure we are confident it will become
revenues. It is probability weighted, but that doesn't mean that everything in backlog always closes.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Sure.
<A - David Viniar>: Because things do come out of there and of course, things-- we get revenues in investment
banking that never get into the backlog.
<Q - Douglas Sipkin>: Fair point. Okay. Great. Thanks.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

[Operator instructions]. Your next question comes from James Mitchell with Buckingham Research.
<Q - James Mitchell>: Hey, David.
<A - David Viniar>: Hey, Jim.
<Q - James Mitchell>: Most of my questions have been asked and answered, but could you-- I know you guys really
haven't talked about this before, but with the Fed opening up the window to even more assets, can you give us a sense
of how much in unencumbered assets you have to pledge? I would think it's a pretty large amount.
<A - David Viniar>: First of all, most of our assets are funded. As I said, we don't need any of the Fed facilities to
fund now. We're funding all of our assets without using the Fed facilities. One of the things we did and we said this in
the release that came out on Sunday, all of the various financial firms went and used the PDCF this week, and I think
we might all continue to do that in various times because we want to take away the stigma of using it. We don't want
people to say, "Oh, my goodness, they used it. That's terrible." So we said, "You know what? Let's all use it for some
amount and that way everyone will know it's just there and it's another source of funding."
So it's not like we have assets sitting there that we need to take to the Fed, but I think the Fed being there is really a big
statement about liquidity risk and you know, I have seen reports, I have seen articles about that you know, triparty repo
is too risky. It's going away. I've never given any of them any weight, but with the Fed doing that, it kind of takes away
most of that risk if you thought it was there.
<Q - James Mitchell>: Fair enough. Maybe just to the business line, one quick question on the asset management
business: you guys had, you know, the equity outflow is not too surprising in this environment, offset by fixed income
asset inflows and alternate investments, but within equities, was it mostly in the quant side, or where has that been
concentrated, or is it across the board?

Page 15 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

<A - David Viniar>: Yes. No. Yes to the first part of your question. The majority was the quant side but there was
other stuff, too.
<Q - James Mitchell>: Are you seeing any slowdown in the deleveraging process of the clients?
<A - David Viniar>: No, no we are not. There is more fear than anything out there which is what is leading to
deleveraging and again, if you want the glass is half full side of it, it just means that there is a lot of liquidity there, a
real lot so that when you start to see things tick up, there's the opportunity for them to pick up pretty quickly.
<Q - James Mitchell>: Fair enough. Thanks.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

Your final question comes from Michael Lipper with Lipper Advisory Services.
<Q - A. Michael Lipper>: Good morning.
<A - David Viniar>: Good morning
<Q - A. Michael Lipper>: Often the press is not specific about potential investments in the sense that they speak of
Goldman Sachs without identifying whether it's a proprietary investment or an investment for the funds under
management. For example, assume for the moment that it was real, that you looked at the commercial real estate at
Lehman. Was that something that was primarily a proprietary investment or was that primarily for funds under
<A - David Viniar>: That's a very good question and in all cases, the answer is it depends. To a large extent, it is size
driven. We have agreements with our funds in the asset classes that they are specialized in, and, you know, we have a
real estate equity fund. We have a corporate equity fund. We have mezzanine funds and if investments are over a
certain size, then they go to the funds. And we have done that because, you know, the funds are big enough that it
makes sense. We've also done it because we want to, as I've talked about many times, manage the concentrations of our
risk. We will with certain large investments, we might put part of it in the fund, part of it in our balance sheet and go
raise capital from partners to do even more. So it's really size driven where it goes. Larger investments will tend to be
in the fund or partner with a fund, partner with other funds and smaller investments on the balance sheet.
<Q - A. Michael Lipper>: It would be useful when these things happen if they can be identified as to the source of the
<A - David Viniar>: We will try.
<Q - A. Michael Lipper>: Thank you.
<A - David Viniar>: You're welcome.

I would now like to turn the conference back to Mr. Holmes for any closing remarks.

Dane E. Holmes, Head of Investor Relations

Thank you, everyone, for dialing in. If you have any questions, additional questions, feel free to contact us at the
Investor Relations department, and we, once again, appreciate your participation on the call. Have a nice day.

Page 16 of 17
Company Name: Goldman Sachs Market Cap: 60,881.32 Bloomberg Estimates - EPS
Company Ticker: GS US Current PX: 128.00 Current Quarter: 2.913
Date: 2008-09-16 YTD Change($): -87.05 Current Year: 12.502
Event Description: Q3 2008 Earnings Call YTD Change(%): -40.479 Bloomberg Estimates - Sales
Current Quarter: 6979.091
Current Year: 30761.462

Ladies and gentlemen, this does conclude the Goldman Sachs third quarter earnings conference call. You may now all

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