This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1 (POWER PIPING)
When conducting pressure tests at low metal temperatures. !uitable precautions in the event of piping system rupture shall be taken to eliminate hazards to personnel in the pro imity of lines being tested. Ma* !u! S"re## (ur n+ Te#". required.PRESSURE TESTS General Requ re!en"# Su$a##e!$l e#. the possibility of brittle fracture shall be considered.e(ule. $ressure testing shall be performed following the completion of postweld heat treatment. The test pressure shall not be applied until the system and the pressurizing medium are appro imately at the same temperature. When conducted in accordance with the requirements of this Code. "t no time during the pressure test shall any part of the piping system be sub#ected to a stress greater than that permitted. nondestructive e aminations required and all . Per#&nnel Pr&"e)" &n. Te#" n+ S). Te!%era"ure &' Te#" Me( u!. the pressure testing of piping systems to ensure leak tightness shall be acceptable for the determination of any leaks in piping subassemblies. The temperature of the test medium shall be that of the available source unless otherwise specified by the Owner.
Pre%ara" &n '&r Te#" n+ E*%&#ure &' -& n"#.other fabrication. $iping systems designed for vapor or gas shall be provided with additional temporary supports if necessary to support the weight of the test liquid. assembly and erection activities required to provide the system or portions thereof sub#ected to the pressure test with pressure retaining capability. Su%%&r"#. %y prior agreement the complete system or portions thereof sub#ect to test may be insulated prior to the test period provided an e tended holding time pressurization of the system is performed to check for possible leakage through the insulation barrier. or they shall be isolated during the system test. !uch supports shall meet the requirements for testing and system cleanup procedures described. & pansion #oints shall be provided with temporary restraint if required for the additional pressure load under test. . Re#"ra n" &r I#&la" &n &' E*%an# &n -& n"#. A(( " &n &' Te!%&rar. "ll #oints including welds not previously pressure tested shall be left uninsulated and e posed for e amination during the test.
Pre)au" &n# a+a n#" Te#" Me( u! E*%an# &n. times the test pressure is recommended during the pressure test provided the requirements are not e ceeded. (f a pressure test is to be maintained for a period of time during which the test medium in the system is sub#ect to thermal e pansion. Owner shall be aware of the limitations of pressure and temperature for each valve sub#ect to test conditions and as further described. )langed #oints at which blanks are inserted to blank off other equipment during the test need not be tested after removal of the blank provided the requirements are subsequently performed. (solated equipment and piping must be vented. &quipment that is not to be sub#ected to the pressure test shall be either disconnected from the system or isolated by a blank or similar means. Trea"!en" &' 0lan+e( -& n"# C&n"a n n+ Blan1#. .I#&la" &n &' Equ %!en" an( P % n+ N&" Su$/e)"e( "& Pre##ure Te#". precautions shall be taken to avoid e cessive pressure. 'alves may be used for this purpose provided that valve closure is suitable for the proposed test pressure. " pressure relief device set at **+.
'enting during the filling of the system may be provided by the loosening of flanges having a minimum of four bolts or by the use of equipment vents. . 'ents shall be provided at all high points of the piping system in the position in which the test is to be conducted to purge air pockets while the component or system is filling. Test water shall be clean and shall be of such quality as to minimize corrosion of the materials in the piping system.. Pr&2 # &n &' A r 3en"# a" H +.1// series0 stainless steels are contained in "ppendi ('.H. P& n"#. )urther recommended precautions on the quality of test water used for hydrotesting of austenitic . a system hydrostatic test may be performed in lieu of the hydrostatic test required by the material specifications for material used in the piping subassembly or system provided the minimum test pressure required for the piping system is met. Te#" Me( u!.// series0 and ferritic . Water shall normally be used as the test medium unless otherwise specified by the Owner.(r&#"a" ) Te#" n+ Ma"er al. When permitted by the -aterial !pecification.
n+ Pre##ure. The piping system. The test equipment shall be e amined before pressure is applied to ensure that it is tightly connected. pumps. "ll low2pressure filling lines and all other items not sub#ect to the test pressure shall be disconnected or isolated by valves or other suitable means. & aminations for leakage shall be made of all #oints and connections.e)1 &' Te#" Equ %!en" $e'&re A%%l. The pressure shall be continuously maintained for a minimum time of */ minutes and may then be reduced to the design pressure and held for such time as may be necessary to conduct the e aminations for leakage. but shall not e ceed the ma imum allowable test pressure of any nonisolated components. Requ re( H. (t is recommended that pneumatic testing be used only when one of the following conditions e ists4 .C.3 times the design pressure. shall show no visual evidence of weeping or leaking. or valves. The hydrostatic test pressure at any point in the piping system shall not be less than *. nor shall it e ceed the limits imposed. Pneu!a" ) Te#" n+ General. & cept for preliminary testing in accordance. e clusive of possible localized instances at pump or valve packing. pneumatic testing shall not be used unless the Owner specifies pneumatic testing or permits its use as an alternative. such as vessels.(r&#"a" ) Te#" Pre##ure.
3 times the design pressure of the piping system. or valves. . The test equipment shall be e amined before pressure is applied to ensure that it is tightly connected. Prel ! nar. pumps. in the system. " preliminary pneumatic test not to e ceed 53 psig 6*73 k$a . . The gas used as the test medium shall be nonflammable and nonto ic.gage08 may be applied. the preliminary pneumatic test shall be performed in accordance with the requirements. "ll items not sub#ected to the test pressure shall be disconnected or isolated by valves or other suitable means."0 When piping systems are so designed that they cannot be filled with water. it is recommended that special precautions for protection of personnel be observed when a gas under pressure is used as the test medium. !ince compressed gas may be hazardous when used as a testing medium. as a means of locating ma#or leaks. Check of Test &quipment %efore "pplying $ressure.%0 When piping systems are to be used in services where traces of the testing medium cannot be tolerated Test -edium. The pressure in the system shall gradually be increased to not more than one2half of the test pressure. Requ re( Pneu!a" ) Te#" Pre##ure. The test pressure shall not e ceed the ma imum allowable test pressure of any nonisolated component. prior to other methods of leak testing..5 nor more than *. such as vessels. Te#". (f used. The pneumatic test pressure shall be not less than *.
which has the required sensitivity.gage08 and held for such time as may be necessary to conduct the e amination for leakage. The piping system. When a mass2spectrometer or halide test is performed. (t shall then be reduced to the lesser of design pressure or *// psig 67// k$a . The equipment shall be calibrated against the reference leak in such a way that the system leakage measured by the equipment can be determined to be not greater than the leak rate of the reference leak. Ma##4S%e)"r&!e"er an( Hal (e Te#" n+ When specified by the Owner. it shall be conducted in accordance with the instructions of the manufacturer of the test equipment. shall show no evidence of leaking. with a leak rate not greater than the ma imum permissible leakage from the system. The pressure shall be continuously maintained for a minimum time of */ minutes.after which the pressure shall be increased in steps of appro imately one tenth of the test pressure until the required test pressure has been reached. such as helium mass2spectrometer test or halide test. e clusive of possible localized instances at pump or valve packing. shall be used. . & amination for leakage detected by soap bubble or equivalent method shall be made of all #oints and connections. (n all cases a calibrated reference leak. systems with conditions of operation and design that require testing methods having a greater degree of sensitivity than can be obtained by a hydrostatic or pneumatic test shall be tested by a method.
The piping system e clusive of possible localized instances at pump or valve packing shall show no visual evidence of weeping or leaking. compressors. When performing an initial service test.5 of !ection ( of the "!-& %oiler and $ressure 'essel Code are met. of !ection ( of the "!-& %oiler and $ressure 'essel Code are met. provided the requirements of $W231. or other equipment. ample opportunity is afforded for e amination for leakage prior to full scale operation.. One e ample is piping where shut2off valves are not available for isolating a line and where temporary closures are impractical. . :onpressure parts may be welded to the pressure parts of boiler e ternal piping after the hydrostatic test required. & amination for leakage shall be made of all #oints and connections. the piping system shall be gradually brought up to normal operating pressure and continuously held for a minimum time of */ minutes. a . provided the requirements of $W231. "n initial service test is not applicable to boiler e ternal piping. (n the event repairs or additions to nonboiler e ternal piping are made following a test.In " al Ser2 )e Te#" n+ When specified by the owner. an initial service test and e amination is acceptable when other types of tests are not practical or when leak tightness is demonstrable due to the nature of the service. Re"e#" n+ A'"er Re%a r &r A(( " &n# 9epairs may be made to the pressure parts of boiler e ternal piping after the hydrostatic test required. the affected piping shall be retested in accordance with the provisions. Others may be systems where during the course of checking out of pumps.owever.
./mm0. . . or other nonpressure retaining attachments provided."0 The attachment fillet weld does not e ceed .*5.=0 !eal welds shall be e amined for leakage after system startup.+< in./ mm0 thickness or. the material attached does not e ceed the nominal thickness of the pressure retaining member or *+5 in.system need not be retested after seal welding or after attachments of lugs. if a full penetration weld is used.C0 Welds shall be e amined as required. insulation supports.%0 Welds shall be preheated as required.*/. whichever is less. "ll weld defect repairs shall be made in "ccordance. . . nameplates. . brackets. .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.