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OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

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OUKosher.org

A Guide to Tevilat Keilim

A Summary of the Laws of Tevilas Keilim One who acquires food utensils from a non-Jew must immerseOne who acquires food utensils from a non-Jew must immerse the utensils in a kosher mikveh prior to use. One may not use a vessel even once unless tevilah has been performed. However, food prepared in vessels that had no proper tevilah, is nevertheless kosher. a) Only vessels made of gold, silver, iron, steel, copper, tin, brass, lead, glass, pyrex, corelle and crystal require tevilah with a b’rachah. Unglazed earthenware, wood, rubber and plastic utensils require no tevilah. Corningware, porcelain (china), enameled pots, teflon coated pans and aluminum vessels require tevilah without a b’rachah. Disposable aluminum pans require no tevilah. b) A utensil made of a material requiring tevilah should be immersed inclusive of any plastic or wooden parts attached to it. A utensil made of wood or plastic requires tevilah if any metal is attached to it, providing that the metal touches the food and is vital for the utensil’s use. A utensil made of separable parts requires tevilah only for its metal parts. c) Tevilah is required only for those utensils used for eating, drinking or the preparation of food. Only those utensils which come into direct contact with the food require tevilah. One who purchases a food utensil for a non food related use (e.g., a knife purchased for cutting cardboard) need not immerse it. However, it should not be used, even temporarily, for food use. d) Those utensils that do not prepare the food for its final edible state (e.g., a kneading hook) require tevilah without a b’rachah. e) Vessels that are used merely for storage should be immersed without a b’rachah. f) One may purchase and eat food or drinks directly from their jars or bottles. Once the jar is emptied of its contents, some poskim permit reuse of a glass jar for other foods without tevilah. A metal container, however, should not be reused without tevilah. Some poskim permit reuse of a tin can that was opened by a Jew. g) Electrical appliances that come into direct contact with food require tevilah. An appliance that cannot be immersed in a mikveh should not be purchased. Thus, an electric urn requires immersion in a mikveh. It is impossible to do a proper tevilah on an urn unless it is completely immersed in the water. A Rov should be consulted as to the proper method of tevilah. h) Only utensils that belonged to a non-Jew require tevilah. These include: utensils manufactured by a non-Jewish company (even if partly owned by Jews), those manufactured by a Jewish company but sold in a non-Jewish store or even those sold in a Jewish store, if they had been purchased from a non-Jewish wholesaler. If there is sufficient reason to suspect that the utensils never belonged to a non-Jew, tevilah should be done without a b’rachah. i) Only those utensils owned by a Jew require tevilah. One who borrows a vessel from a non-Jew (when no kashrus problems apply) may use it without tevilah. j) One who wishes to eat in the home of a Jew who has not immersed his dishes should consult a Rov. k) During tevilah the utensil must be clean and free from any foreign object. Therefore any rust, dirt or labels must be removed prior to tevilah. When removing labels, one must be sure to remove all glue as well. Stubborn stickers or glue can be removed with nail polish remover or by spraying with WD 40 silicone

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One recites the b’rachah and immerses the vessel without grasping the vessel too tightly.php/articles/single_print/20 spray. Better yet. A minor doing tevilah with adult supervision recites the b’rachah as well.oukosher. one should wet one’s hands in the mikveh. One may immerse the vessel in a basket. A List of Materials Material Aluminum Bone china Brass Copper Cork Crystal Glass Gold Ivory Plastic Porcelain Pyrex Silver Stainless Steel Stone Stoneware (glazed) Tin Wood Rubber A List of Items (note any item requiring tevilah..OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim http://www. a meat grinder or thermos bottle) should preferably be immersed in an assembled manner. If a store has its own mikveh. o) Utensils made of separable parts (e. one should first grasp the vessel with one hand and transfer it to the other hand while the vessel is under water. One who wishes to immerse utensils in a lake should consult a Rov. One should preferably not allow a non-Jew to perform tevilah even when supervised by a Jew. one must inquire whether it is under the supervision of a competent rov. but dishes should not be piled one atop another so as not to obstruct the water from reaching all surfaces of the dishes. if it is made of aluminum the tevilah is done without a b’rachah) Item Apple slicer/corer Barbecue grill (grill only) Tevilah tevilah tevilah B’rachah b’rachah b’rachah Tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah no tevilah no b’rachah3 b’rachah no b’rachah b’rachah24 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah13 b’rachah b’rachah B’rachah no b’rachah1 no b’rachah3 b’rachah b’rachah Earthenware (unglazed) no tevilah 2 of 6 10/21/2011 3:14 PM . One may do tevilas keilim in the ocean as well. l) One should not permit a minor (a boy below the age of 13 or a girl below the age of 12) to perform tevilah unless supervised by an adult.g. m) Tevilah should be done only in a kosher mikveh (some men’s mikvaos are not kosher for tevilas keilim).org/index. n) Before grasping the vessel to be immersed.

org/index.oukosher.php/articles/single_print/20 Blender (blades & glass bowl) Bottle warmer Bowl (steel or glass) Bread box (metal) Broiler tray (steel) (disposable aluminum) Butter dish (glass or metal) Cake decorator (with metal spout) Cake plate cover Can opener Canister (storage) Canister cover Cast iron pots Cheese slicer Chicken shears Chopper Coffee pot Coffee mill Coffee maker (electric) Colander Cookie shaper Corkscrew Corn popper Corn-on-cob holder (metal) Corning ware Creamer Creamer (ceramic) Crock pot (ceramic insert) Crock pot (metal insert) Cutting board (wood or plastic) Decanter Disposable tins Double boiler Dough hook Drinking glasses Egg yolk brush Egg cup (ceramic) Egg beater Egg slicer tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah14 tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah 4 4 b’rachah2 b’rachah no b’rachah5 b’rachah6 b’rachah b’rachah7 no tevilah8 no b’rachah5 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah9 b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah10 b’rachah11 b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah10 b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah3 no b’rachah12 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah15 no b’rachah10 b’rachah no b’rachah3 b’rachah b’rachah Cookie baking sheet (stainless steel) tevilah 3 of 6 10/21/2011 3:14 PM .OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim http://www.

org/index.php/articles/single_print/20 Electric Knife Enameled pots Flatware (stainless or silver) Flour canister Flour sifter (metal) Food processor (metal blades) Fork French fry cutter Fruit basket (metal) Frying pan (Teflon coated) Frying pan Grater Grill (see barbecue) Grill (electric “George Forman ” ) Honey dish (china) Honey dish (glass or silver) Hot water urn Hot plate Ice cream scooper Immersion heater Juicer (even electric) Kiddush cup Kneading hook Knife sharpener Knife Ladle Measuring cup (steel or glass) Measuring spoon Meat grinder Meat tenderizer Meat slicer Melon baller Mixer (beaters & glass bowl) Mixing spoon Nut cracker (used at table) Onion chopper Oven rack Pancake flipper Parsley shredder Pasta machine Peeler (even electric) tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah 4 b’rachah16 no b’rachah17 b’rachah no b’rachah5 no b’rachah10 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah18 b’rachah no b’rachah17 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah3 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah19 no b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah10 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah10 no b’rachah10 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah20 b’rachah21 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah b’rachah 16 4 of 6 10/21/2011 3:14 PM .OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim http://www.oukosher.

OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim http://www.org/index.oukosher.php/articles/single_print/20 Pepper mill Percolator Pizza cutter Pocket knife Pot cover Potato peeler Poultry shears Pyrex kettle Rolling pin (wooden or plastic) Salt-shaker Sandwich maker Saucer Scale (food) Shabbos blech Shredder Sieve Skewers Spatula (metal) Spoon Spoon rest (metal) Stove grate Strainer Sugar canister Sugar bowl Tea kettle Tea cups (glass) Tea cups (china) Tea pot (ceramic) Tea pot (metal) Teflon coated pan or pot Thermos bottle Toaster tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah no tevilah4 tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah tevilah 4 25 23 b’rachah22 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah18 b’rachah9 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah5 b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah no b’rachah no b’rachah3 b’rachah no b’rachah17 b’rachah no b’rachah26 b’rachah Toaster oven (tray and rack) tevilah b’rachah27 Tongs Tray Tupperware Vegetable steamer Waffle iron Washing cup Wine bottle Wooden mixing spoon tevilah no tevilah4 no tevilah tevilah tevilah no tevilah tevilah no tevilah b’rachah b’rachah b’rachah 5 of 6 10/21/2011 3:14 PM .

A glass or metal insert requires tevilah with a b’rachah.org/index. Mr. Coffee) require tevilah. 25) If to be used as saucers only. 14) If wood or plastic. 6) A disposable pan requires no tevilah. if not. 17) The surface that touches the food is not a material requiring tevilah. however. therefore a b’rachah should not be recited. see section e. Consult your Rav. it is used exclusively for potatoes. 3) Porcelain and china require tevilah without a b’rachah. 24) Pyrex is glass. 23) If one plan to usually use it for food. however. 8) It is not meant to touch the food. see section a. 7) See section b. 20) Only the beaters. tevilah is required.g. it is used for raw chicken only.php/articles/single_print/20 Notes 1) There is reason to question whether aluminum requires tevilah. no tevilah is required. 6 of 6 10/21/2011 3:14 PM . however. 19) If metal. 4) A vessel that does not touch the food requires no tevilah. If. If. 13) Crystal is glass. 15) Often the bottom pot is used for food as well. 5) A vessel that is used for storage only requires tevilah without a b’rachah. 21) If wooden. 26) Some poskim contend that it requires no tevilah. This list was reviewed and approved by Rabbi Belsky. tevilah is required. no tevilah is required.. 9) Assuming it is used for roasted chicken as well. If. 12) Ceramic insert only. no b’rachah is recited on the tevilah. 10) See section d. see section c.oukosher. 2) The blade and glass jar only. 11) Electric coffee makers (e. 18) If used to cut other vegetables as well. 27) Only the shelf and tray. they will be used as plates. 22) Some poskim contend that a b’rachah should not be recited. a b’rachah is not recited. 16) Blades only.OU Kosher | A Guide to Tevilat Keilim http://www.