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FINAL Mark Scheme

Summer 2005
Edexcel GCE
Mathematics
Pure Mathematics P1 6671
E
d
e
x
c
e
l

G
C
E
M
a
t
h
e
m
a
t
i
c
s
General Instructions
1. The total number o mar!s or the "a"er is 75.
2. Method #M$ mar!s are a%arded or &!no%in' a method and attem"tin' to a""l( it)* unless
other%ise indicated.
+. ,ccurac( #,$ mar!s can onl( be a%arded i the rele-ant method #M$ mar!s ha-e been earned.
.. #/$ mar!s are inde"endent o method mar!s.
5. Method mar!s should not be subdi-ided.
6. 0or misreadin' %hich does not alter the character o a 1uestion or materiall( sim"li( it*
deduct t%o rom an( , or / mar!s 'ained* in that "art o the 1uestion aected. 2ndicate this
action b( &M3) in the bod( o the scri"t #but see also note 10$.
7. 2 a candidate ma!es more than one attem"t at an( 1uestion4
#a$ 2 all but one attem"t is crossed out* mar! the attem"t %hich is 56T crossed out.
#b$ 2 either all attem"ts are crossed out or none are crossed out* mar! all the attem"ts and
score the hi'hest sin'le attem"t.
7. Mar!s or each 1uestion* or "art o a 1uestion* must a""ear in the ri'ht8hand mar'in and* in
addition* total mar!s or each 1uestion* e-en %here 9ero* must be rin'ed and a""ear in the
ri'ht8hand mar'in and on the 'rid on the ront o the ans%er boo!. 2t is im"ortant that a
chec! is made to ensure that the totals in the ri'ht8hand mar'in o the rin'ed mar!s and o
the unrin'ed mar!s are e1ual. The total mar! or the "a"er must be "ut on the to" ri'ht8hand
corner o the ront co-er o the ans%er boo!.
:. 0or methods o solution not in the mar! scheme* allocate the a-ailable M and , mar!s in as
closel( e1ui-alent a %a( as "ossible* and indicate this b( the letters &6S) #outside scheme$
"ut alon'side in the bod( o the scri"t.
10. ,ll , mar!s are &correct ans%er onl() #c.a.o.$ unless sho%n* or exam"le* as ,1 .t. to
indicate that "re-ious %ron' %or!in' is to be ollo%ed throu'h. 2n the bod( o the scri"t the
s(mbol should be used or correct .t. and or incorrect .t. ,ter a misread* ho%e-er*
the subse1uent , mar!s aected are treated as , .t.* but maniestl( absurd ans%ers should
ne-er be a%arded , mar!s.
11. 2'nore %ron' %or!in' or incorrect statements ollo%in' a correct ans%er.
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
June 2005
6671 Pure P1
Mark Scheme
Question
Number
Scheme Marks
1
(a)
x
y
d
d
=
3
8 6

+ x

(b) C x
x
x y + + ·


1
2
4
2
6
d
(a) M1 is for
1 −

n n
x x
in at least one term, 6 or
3 −
x is sufficient.
A1 is fully correct answer.
Inore subse!uent wor"in.
(b) M1# $orrect %ower of x in at least one term ($ sufficient)
&irst A1#
2
6
2
x
' C
(econd A1# ' 4 x
)1
M1 A1
(2)
M1 A1A1
(3)
[5]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
2(a) (a) a * − 4
) 2+ ( 16 ) 4 ( 2+ 8
2 2
− − t ≡ − − x x x , b * −4,
(b) - , 3 4, . , ) 4, ( 4 · t · − x

, 3 4 t · x cao c * 4, d * 3
/r# , 6 180 ,
2
116 64 8
·
+ t
· x M1 A1
(a) 11 is for 4 ) 4 (
2
− · − a or x
M1 re!uires , 0 ), 2+ ( ) (
2 2
≠ t − t p p p x
A1 is for
4, − · b
Answer only# full mar"s.
2ote# $an score 10M1A1 .e.. (x ' 4)
2
) 45]
$om%arin coefficients# M1 is for com%arin x coefficients and constant term
(b) M1 is for full met3od leadin to ...... ..... 4 4 · · + x or a x
(formula)
&irst A1: c * 4

(econd A1# d * 3 (or )3) one of

2otes# (i) If
t
not seen anyw3ere wit33old final A1, so answer only
c * 4, d * 3 (or )3) ( one of ) is M1A1A0 ( so is 4 ' , 3 )

(ii)
number ve a x − · + 4 4
can score M1A1 for x * 4 ' 5.
(iii) usin correct 6 !uadratic formula7 wit3
2+ , 8 , 1 − · − · · c b a
endin wit3 x =
2
, 6 8 t
score as M1A1A0.
11
M1A1
(3)
M1
A1 A1
(3)
[6]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
8uestion
2umber
(c3eme Mar"s
3 (a)
, 63 4, · · θ θ r

4 . 1 · θ
(9)
(b) Area of sector OAB *
) , . 141: ( 4 . 1 4,
2
1
2
1
2 2
· × · θ r
Area of trianle OCD *
...) 4, . 443 ( 4 . 1 sin 30
2
1
2
· ×
(3aded area * 141:., − 443.4,5* +:4
2
m
cao
(a) M1 is for a%%lyin correct formula or
!uotin and attem%tin to use correct formula
(b) &or eac3 area
M1 is for attem%tin to use correct formula or com%lete met3od in case of Δ 9
A1 is for a numerically correct statement (answer is not re!uired ) ;ust t3ere as
c3ec")
&inal A1 is for +:4 only.
e.. s%littin trianle into two trianles#
&or uidance
M1A1
(2)
M1A1
M1A1
A1
(,)
[7]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
4
(a)
) + (
3
1
) 4 ( − · − − x y
0 21 3 · − − y x
or
0 21 3 · + −x y
(condone 3 terms e!uation# e..
21 3 + · y x
)
(b) <!uation of
2
l
:
x y 2 − ·

(ol=e 2 1
l and l
simultaneously to find P#

6 , 3 − · · y x

(c) C:
( ) : , 0 − or OC = 7 (may be on diagram)
Area of triangle OCP =
2
1
10
2
1
· × ×
p
x OC (must be eact)

(a) M1 for findin t3e e!uation of a strai3t line#
If usin
) (
1 1
x x m y y − · −
or e!ui=alent, m must be >.
If usin
c x m y + ·
, m must be > and c found.
&irst A1# unsim%lified form

. y ) + * ⅓(x ' 4) M0, y ) 4 * ⅓ (x ?+) M1A0, y ) 4 * ⅓ (x ' +) M0 -
(b) M1# sol=in two linear e!uations to form linear e!uation in one =ariable
A1 for first coordinate if correct
A1 f.t. # &or second coordinate correct for candidate after substitutin
in y * )2x
Watch (?3, 6) .w3ic3 usually scores M1A0A1 -
(c) 11 f.t. # $orrect y =alue w3en x * 0 in candidate@s e!uation in (a)
M1# &or A B candidate@s OC B Ccandidate@s x co?ord in (b)C
($# If x found w3en y * 0, allow M1 for findin area for t3eir confiuration.
M1A1
A1
(3)
11
M1
A1A1D
(4)
11D
M1A1
(3)
[10]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
,
(a)
) ( 3 . ,6
2
3
arctan α · ° ·
seen anyw3ere


3 ) 20 ( , 20 ÷ ° − ° − α α
) : . 123 ( 180 ), 3 . 236 ( 180 ° − · ° − ° · ° + α α
(/ne of t3ese)
x * −4:.+°, 12.1°, :2.1°
(b)
+
10
) sin 1 ( sin 2
2 2
· − + x x
or 2
+
10
cos ) cos 1 (
2 2
· + − x x

+
1
sin
2
· x
or
+
8
cos
2
· x
or
8
1
tan
2
· x
or
8
+
sec
2
· x
or cos 2x *
+
:

° − ° · , . 1+ , , . 1+ x

(a) &irst M1# (ubtractin (allow addin) 20E from
α
(econd M1# Fi=idin t3at result by 3 (order =ital G)
.So 12.1° gains B1M1M1-
H3ird M1# Ii=in a t3ird !uadrant result
&irst A1 is for 2 correct solutions,
(econd A1 for t3ird correct solution.
11# Allow 0.+83 (rads) or 62.6 (rad), and %ossible Ms but A0A0-
(b) M1 for use of 1 cos sin
2 2
· + x x or
x i x and x 2 cos of terms n cos sin
2 2
&or use of tan (A ' B) see se%arate s3eet
2ote # MaB. deduction of 1 for not correctin to 1 dec. %lace.
Jecord as 0 first time occurs but t3en treat as f.t.
Answers outside i=en inter=al, inore
<Btra answers in rane, maB. deduction of 1 in eac3 %art .&inal mar"-
(i.e. 4 or more answers wit3in inter=al in (a), )1 from any ained A mar"sK
3 or more answers wit3in inter=al in (b), )1 from any ained A mar"s
11
M1M1
M1
A1A1
(6)
M1

A1

A1A1D
(4)
[10]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics

6
(a) S = a ' (a ' d) ' (a ' 2d) ' 5 ' .a ' (n − 1)d-
S = .a ' (n − 1)d- ' .a ' (n − 2)d- ' 5 ' a or e!ui=.
Add# 2S * n.2a ' (n − 1)d- ⇒ S * n.2a ' (n − 1)d- cso (9)
(b) 3, 8, 13
!1
(c) a * 3 d * ,
(um *
( ) ( ) [ ] ( ) 1 ,
2
1
1 , 3 2
2
1
+ · − + × n n n n

(9)
(d) &indin

200
1
e..
( ) 1001 200
2
1
2 ,
200
1
× × · −

· r
r
(* 100100)
(um of first 4 terms#
( ) 21 4
2
1
2 ,
4
1
× × · −

· r
r
or 42 stated
( ) 1000,8 42 100100 ) 4 ( ( ) 200 ( ( 2 ,
200
,
· − · − · −

· r
r
A"#: $or%ing &it' 23, 28, 33, 5555.
a * 23 11K &indin 6n7 and d M1
A%%lyin S * n.2a ' (n − 1)d- wit3 candidate@s 23, n* 1+, or 1+6 , d * , M1
(a) 11# re!uires min of 3 terms, includin t3e last.
(b) &irst M1 enerousK second M1 3ard.
2ote# Jesult is i=en so c3ec" wor"in carefully.
(c) &or 11 f.t. 3 terms must be in AL,
1ut allow M1 for candidate@s 6a7 and 6d7 in i=en result in (a)
11
M1
M1 A1
(4)
11
(1)
11√
M1 A1
(3)

M1
11
M1 A1
(4)
[12]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
(d) &irst M1 for substitution of 200 in result from (c)
(.$. Allow second M1 for ((200) ) ((,)
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
:
(a)
x
y
d
d
6 3
2
1
− · x

2 , 0 6 3
2
1
2
1
· · − x x
x * 4
(9)
(b)
1
1
]
1

¸

+ − ·
,
_

¸
¸
+ −

x x
x
x x x 10 3
,
4
d 10 6 2
2
2
,
2
3
( )
,
_

¸
¸
+ − −

,
_

¸
¸
+ × −
×
·
1
1
]
1

¸

+ − 10 3
,
4
40 16 3
,
4 4
10 3
,
4
2
,
4
1
2
2
,
x x
x
( * 1:.6 ) :.8 * +.8 )
&indin area of tra%eMium *
( ) ) 12 ( 3 2 6
2
1
· × +
.A * (1, 6),
1 * (4, 2)-
/r by interation#
4
1
2
3
2 22
1
]
1

¸
− x x

Area of R *12 − +.8 * 2.2
(a) &irst M1 for decrease of 1 in %ower of x of at least one term
(disa%%earance of 6107 sufficient)
(econd M1 for %uttin
0
d
d
·
x
y
and findin x * 5.
(b) &irst M1# Lower of at least one term increased by 1
&irst A1# &or
,
4
2 N ,
x
(econd A1# &or ) 3 x x 10
2
+
(econd M1 for limits re!uires C [ ] [ ]
1
4
− C (allow candidate@s 647)
and some %rocessin of 6interal7, [ ]
4
1
y is M0
A1D re!uires 1 and 4 substituted in candidate@s 3t!"#!d int!g"and
(unsim%lified)

M1 A1
M1 A1
(4)
M1 A1 A1
M1 A1√
M1 A1
A1
(8)
[12]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
Area of tra%eMium# M1 attem%t at A ( ) ) 1 ( − +
B B A
x y y or
x
x
d
3
4 22


A1 correct unsim%lified

(ee se%arate s3eet for 4 4

− curve line
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
8 (a)
( ) :, 16, 11: 2: 3 f − + − ·
(some wor"in needed)
* 0, so (x − 3) is a factor of
( ) f x

(b) ( )( ) 2, 10 3
2
+ − − x x x

( )( )( ) , , 3 − − − x x x
(c) 3 and ,
(d) f

,, 26 3 ) (
2
+ − · x x x

f

· ) 3 (
2: − :8 ' ,, * 4

(e) 6 ,, 26 3
2
+ − x x 7 * 647
0 ) 3 )( 1: 3 ( 0 ,1 26 3
2
· − − ⇒ · + − x x x x x * 5
de% x?coordinate of S is
,
_

¸
¸
6: . , 6 . ,
3
2
,
6
34
3
1:
or or or

(a) M1 is for substitutin x * 3 in f(x)
A1 re!uires f(3) * 0 and statement
(b) M1 for !uadratic factor ( ) 2,
2
t + ax x
($# M1 for one ot3er linear factor found
(d) M1 for differentiation# at least one term 3as %ower of x reduced by 1
(e) &irst M1 # e!uatin t3eir radient function to t3eir answer to (d)
(econd M1# (ol=in by factors re!uires

( )
...
C, C C C C C C C ) )( (
2
·
· · + + · + +
x to leading
a mn and c p !"ere nx p mx c bx ax

(ol=in by !uadratic formula re!uires
attem%t to use correct formula wit3 candidate@s =alues of a# b and c used.

M1
A1
(2)
M1 A1
A1
(3)
11
(1)
M1 A1
A1
(3)
M1
M1 A1√
A1
(4)
[13]
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
A1 f.t. only for correct (real) answers to t3eir !uadratic
&inal A1 for a correct eBact form.
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics

,(a)
6(c)
:(b)
<OHJA(
Psin eB%ansion of
2
3
) 20 3 tan( · +

x
Iettin as far as tan 3x * number (0.:348..)
tan 3x * 36.3E, 216.3E, ) 143.:E 36.3E
x * 12.1 E, :2.1 E, ) 4:.+ E H3ird !uad result
Fi=ide by 3
Answers as sc3eme
∑ ∑
− 2 , r
*
n
n n
2
2
) 1 (
, −
+
*
2
) 1 , (
2
,
2
+
·
+ n n n n
( (cso)
Attem%tin interal C( e!uation of line ) e!uation of cur=e)G
* x x x d C ) 2
3
14
3
8
( C
2
3
− + −

Lerformin interation#
1
1
]
1

¸

− + − )
,
4
( )
3
:
3
8
(
2
,
2
x x x

1
1
]
1

¸

)
,
4
(
2
,
x

1
]
1

¸

+ − C )
3
:
3
8
( C
2
x x
allow as follow t3rou3 in t3is
case.
Qimits M1A1
Answer A1
&irst M1
11
H3ird M1
(econd M1
A1A1
11
M1
A1
H3ird M1
&ourt3 A1
&irst M1
&irst A1
(econd A1
(econd M1
H3ird A1
&ift3 A1
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics
GN!AL P!IN"IPLS F#! P1 MA!$ING
Metho% mark &or sol'in( ) term *ua%ratic+
1. 0actorisation
c p x p x c bx x · + + · + + w3ere ), )( ( ) (
2
) leadin' to x = *
a mn c p nx p mx c bx ax · · + + · + + and w3ere ), )( ( ) (
2
) leadin' to x = *
2. 0ormula
,ttem"t to use correct ormula #%ith -alues for a) b and c).
+. Com"letin' the s1uare
+ol,ing 0
2
· + + c bx x : 0 , 0 , ) (
2
≠ ≠ t t t p c p x ) leadin' to x = *
Metho% marks &or %i&&erentiation an% inte(ration+
1. >ierentiation
Po%er o at least one term decreased b( 1. (
1 −

n n
x x )
2. 2nte'ration
Po%er o at least one term increased b( 1. (
1 +

n n
x x )
,se o& a &ormula
?here a method in-ol-es usin' a ormula that has been learnt* the ad-ice 'i-en in recent examiners)
re"orts is that the ormula should be 1uoted irst.
5ormal mar!in' "rocedure is as ollo%s4
Method mar! or 1uotin' a correct ormula and attem"tin' to use it* e-en i there are mista!es in
the substitution o -alues.
?here the ormula is not 1uoted* the method mar! can be 'ained b( im"lication rom correct
%or!in' %ith -alues* but %ill be lost i there is an( mista!e in the %or!in'.
-act ans.ers
Examiners) re"orts ha-e em"hasised that %here* or exam"le* an exact ans%er is as!ed or* or
%or!in' %ith surds is clearl( re1uired* mar!s %ill normall( be lost i the candidate resorts to usin'
rounded decimals.
Ans.ers .ithout .orkin(
The rubric sa(s that these ma( 'ain no credit. 2ndi-idual mar! schemes %ill 'i-e details o %hat
ha""ens in "articular cases. General "olic( is that i it could be done @in (our headA* detailed
%or!in' %ould not be re1uired. Most candidates do sho% %or!in'* but there are occasional a%!%ard
cases and i the mar! scheme does not co-er this* "lease contact (our team leader or ad-ice.
Misrea%s
#See the next sheet or a sim"le exam"le$.
, misread must be consistent or the %hole 1uestion to be inter"reted as such.
These are not common. 2n clear cases* "lease deduct the irst 2 , #or /$ mar!s %hich %ould ha-e
been lost b( ollo%in' the scheme. #5ote that 2 mar!s is the maximum misread "enalt(* but that
misreads %hich alter the nature or diicult( o the 1uestion cannot be treated so 'enerousl( and it
%ill usuall( be necessar( here to ollo% the scheme as %ritten$.
Sometimes ollo%in' the scheme as %ritten is more 'enerous to the candidate than a""l(in' the
misread rule* so in this case use the scheme as %ritten.
6671 Pure Maths P1 – Final MS
;une 2005 ,d-anced Subsidiar(<,d-anced =e-el in GCE Mathematics