You are on page 1of 6

Unit 9/Chapter 7 Proportions and Similarity Study Guide

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____

____

1. Of the 240 students eating lunch, 96 purchased their lunch and the rest brought a bag lunch. What is the ratio
of students purchasing lunch to students bringing a bag lunch?
a. 2:3
c. 3:2
b. 2:5
d. 5:2
2. Find the polygon that is similar to ABCD.

a.

c.

b.

d.

____

3. If

____

a. 4.4
b. 7
4. If ABCD

____

STU, find x.

c. 24.6
d. 35
EFGH, find x.

a. 18.75
b. 20
5.
ABC ~ LMN, AB
a.
b.

____

PQR

18, BC

12, LN

c. 22.75
d. 28
9, and LM 6. What is the scale factor of
c.

ABC to

d.

6. Name the theorem or postulate that can be used to prove that these triangles are similar.

LMN?

a. AA Similarity
b. SSS Similarity

c. SAS Similarity
d. SSA Similarity

Refer to the figure below.

____

____

7. Identify the true statement.
a.
PQR
RST
b.
PQR
STR
8. Find x.
a.

c.
d.

PQR
PQR

TSR
TRS

c.

b. 3
d. 4
____ 9. Given the choice between doing an oral and a written report, 18 of the 28 students chose to do an oral report.
Find the ratio of written to oral reports.
a. 5:9
c. 9:14
b. 9:5
d. 14:9
____ 10. The three sides of a triangle are in the ratio 2:4:5. If the shortest side of the triangle is 4 meters long, find the
perimeter.
a. 17 m
c. 32 m
b. 22 m
d. 40 m
____ 11. Find the polygon that may be similar to ABCD.

a.

c.

b.

d.

____ 12. If

ABC

DEF, find m∠C.

a. 54
c. 67
b. 59
d. 69
____ 13. Quadrilateral JKLM quadrilateral WXYZ, JK 15, LM 10, XY 6, and WX 9. Find KL.
a. 8
c. 11
b. 10
d. 12
____ 14. Name the theorem or postulate that can be used to prove that these triangles are similar.

a. AA Similarity
b. SAS Similarity

c. SSA Similarity
d. SSS Similarity

Refer to the figure below.

____ 15. Identify the similar triangles.
a.
LMN
MPQ
b.
LMN
QMP
____ 16. Find LM.
a. 16
b. 17

c.
d.

LMN
LMN

QPM
PQM

c. 18
d. 20

Short Answer
17. Find CE.

18. Of the 112 students in the marching band, 35 were in the drum section. What is the ratio of drummers to other
musicians in the band?
19. Determine whether quadrilateral ABCD

quadrilateral EFGH. Justify your answer.

20.

ABC

21. If

JKL

FGH, AB

24, AC

16, GH

9, and FH

12. Find the scale factor of

ABC to

FGH.

PQR, find x.

22. Determine whether

ABC

PQR. Justify your answer.

23. If quadrilateral DEFG quadrilateral WXYZ, find m∠Y.

24. In an orchard of apple and peach trees,
trees?
25. If

ABC

XYZ, find y.

of the trees are peaches. What is the ratio of apple trees to peach

Unit 9/Chapter 7 Proportions and Similarity Study Guide
Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
MSC:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
MSC:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
MSC:
ANS:
ANS:

A
C
B
C
C
A
Key
C
B
A
B
Key
D
B
B
B
Key
B
C

PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:

1
1
1
1
1
1

PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:

1
1
1
1

PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:

1
1
1
1

PTS: 1
PTS: 1

STA: 5.0
STA: 5.0
STA: {Key}2.0 | 5.0
STA: 5.0
STA: 5.0
STA: 5.0 | {Key}8.0

STA: 5.0
STA: {Key}2.0 | 5.0
STA: 5.0
STA: 5.0

SHORT ANSWER
17. ANS:
26
PTS: 1
18. ANS:
5:11

STA: 5.0

PTS: 1
19. ANS:
No; the corresponding sides and ∠s are not proportional.
PTS: 1
20. ANS:

PTS: 1
21. ANS:
15

STA: 5.0

PTS: 1
STA: 5.0
22. ANS:
Yes; SSS Similarity
PTS: 1
23. ANS:
85

STA: 5.0

PTS: 1
24. ANS:
4:3
PTS: 1
25. ANS:
5
PTS: 1

STA: 5.0