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Architecture in English I

Pre-history to the Renaissance

Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Class Requirements
Presentation 40% Mid Term Exam 20% Final Exam 40%
Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Presentation

Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Name of the building(s) Date Location Architect Why is it important architecture Approximately 3-5 minutes

Exam
Multiple Choice Images will be limited to what is on
the website

Short Review the class before exam


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Why Study Architecture?

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To do this
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Karnak 1554-1305 BC

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Taliesen West
3-B 201102566 Seino Kiyokazu

Architect : Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) Years of construction : 1937-1959 Location : Scottsdale, Arizona, United States

!History Since its rst prolonged stay in Arizona during 1927, Wright had hoped to return to this region of the Sonoran desert, to escape the severe winter of Wisconsin. Finally, in 1937, with his wife traveled to Phoenix to nd an area in which to build his home studio, which even today remains useful as housing, work-site installation and education. In the desert north of Phoenix, on the outskirts of the city of Scottsdale, Maricopa County and at the foot of Mount Mc Dowell, Wright found a property which he described as "a view on the world."

!Purpose Taliesin is a sense of "top shining" in Welsh. Famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright in the United States, is also the birthplace, beautiful and worthy of its name, was designed his own house in Wisconsin is an impressive environment. In 1937, he began to build a Taliesin West, which features a campus building and school Home and Studio, for winter personal. It is a building that stands in the middle of the Arizona desert is surrounded by roads and winding, the cactus, which is also 7 meters of height.

Southeast side

Bell Tower as seen from the northeast side

It is located under the harsh weather conditions that can exceed 50 " the temperature in the summer, for the proposition "if make use of the building material of the Arizona desert" and, this facility, a variety of organic it is a masterpiece that represents an attempt is made, the Prairie architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright. The dry areas are located northeast of Scottsdale, in the beautiful Sonoran Desert at the foot of the McDowell Mountains, Arizona. Frank Lloyd Wright is left behind says. "Oh, we denitely need to do architecture at this place. Buildings abstraction purely everything that looks. "

Stairs to the southeast side roof terrace

!Concept Taliesin West was built to coexist in harmony with its desert environment, using local materials such as rocks and sand in the design of the structure and substance of the desert that surrounds the entire complex by its structural diversity are combining into a single Complete.

Wright wrote : Our new desert camp belonged to the Arizona desert as though it had stood there during creation.

!Space The units are organized at di"erent distances and angles are linked by terraces, gardens, pools and stairways. Taliesin West coexist in all the spaces needed for a house, along with a room and design studio. At rst, it was a series of "sleeping box" of wood that they each with a bed, a table and a wardrobe. These boxes were grouped around a partially covered terrace which had a large replace at one end. The Taliesin West, which is surrounded by terraces and gardens, including the acoustic space of the underground as the residence and the place of Frank Lloyd Wright individual, o#ce, garden room, music hall, theater / conference space, dining room, a performance, there is also a number of space. Along the architectural concept of the unique vision of one there, he was dealt to the design of the furniture in the space of all such as chairs and tables hexagonal and cubic.

!Materials It was built with local materials, rocks and desert sand of the desert wash. For the structural frame of redwood timber was used, as for the ceiling beams and frames. On the ground oor Wright white tarps used to cover the roof and

transformed into di"use light source, thereby diminishing the abundant natural light in the place. On the upper oor was used steel and glass to make it more durable construction. The entire building, which is made by basic materials wood, glass and concrete, a mechanism that uses a canvas to protect against strong sunlight is used in the glass. Is referred to as a "wall of prime stone desert" popular name, is poured concrete to stone were placed randomly on the

formwork, is exposed from the mold the surface of the stone, wall using stone desert, extra after the enforcement I have adopted an ingenious method of cutting the mortar. Various attempts to address the heat being dried AZ was made also to others. This house to experience the wonderful technology that combines indoor and outdoor spaces to be completed until 1959, it took in 22 years.

!Structure The upper structure was inspired by the one used at Camp Ocatillo ten years earlier, a wooden frame of redwood, with wooden frames interspersed with a white cloth lining, which ultimately gave more consistency to Taliesin West. Wright also used steel and glass. Surprised by the intricate walls in the style of the desert, with rocks embedded in walls and ceilings with beams of redwood covered with canvas as a roof. The structures at Taliesin West are similar to tents, but they are not, by virtue of its weight and durability.

After World War II, with an increase in the organization of the Fellowship, Taliesin West was enlarged. Cabaret Theater (1949) and Music Pavilion (1956) is the case.

Cabaret theater

Music Pavilion

Currently, are counted in the "building of 17 should be saved" as well as Taliesin, Taliesin trainees and resident sta! of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation, Taliesin West is to help guide the tour. In addition, the fellowship is spent here most of the year even now, I'm learning about organic architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright.

Plan

!Diagram

Indirect light

Wind