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BY CHARLOTTE T.

ISERBYT

REVOLUTION IN EDUCATION
– SOVIET STYLE August 29, 2005 | NewsWithViews.com

Important note from the author: The next the next seventeen years, ultimately be- ence.”... Wundt asserted that man is de-
time you attempt to discuss with a friend or coming a professor in the field of psychol- void of spirit and self-determinism (free
acquaintance a serious issue (such as illegal ogy. Psychology, at that time, meant sim- will, Ed.) He set out to prove that man is
immigration, the Iraq War, our loss of consti- ply the study (ology) of the soul (psyche), the summation of his experiences, of the
tutional rights under the Patriot Act, or the or mind. In 1874, Wundt left Heidelberg stimuli which intrude upon his conscious-
latest Supreme Court Decision doing away to take a position as professor of philoso- ness and unconsciousness.
with private property rights) and you get that phy at Zurich, stayed there only one year, From Wundt’s work, it was only a short
“glazed, blank, mindless, —————— ▼ —————— and then accepted a step to the later redefinition of the mean-
couldn’t care less expres- chair in philosophy at
ing of education. Originally, education
sion,” refer back to this ar- Wundt asserted that the University of Leipzig
man is devoid of spirit meant the drawing out of a person’s in-
ticle which attempts to ex- where he spent the rest
nate talents and abilities by imparting the
plain the cause of that and self-determinism of his academic career.
knowledge of languages, scientific rea-
glazed expression: Pavlov- (free will, Ed.) He died in 1920. Wundt
soning, history, literature, rhetoric, etc.—
ian/Skinnerian condition- —————— ▼ —————— was the founder of ex- the channels through which those abili-
ing, be it through operant perimental psychology
ties would flourish and serve. To the ex-
conditioning programs in the schools, com- and the force behind its dissemination perimental psychologist, however, educa-
puters at school or at home, the television, ra- throughout the western world. To Wundt, tion became the process of exposing the
dio, music, video games, or plain print me- a thing made sense and was worth pur- student to ‘meaningful’ experiences so as
dia. It is important for Americans to become suing if it could be measured, quantified, to ensure desired reactions:
aware of the effects of conditioning, the brain and scientifically demonstrated. Seeing
and soul (conscience) killer, which is silently no way to do this with the human soul, “…the situation-response formula is
at work in our society 24 hours a day, 365 he proposed that psy- adequate to cover
—————— ▼ ——————
days of the year. chology concern itself learning of any sort,
solely with experience. “Wundt thesis laid and the really influen-
If the reader of this article wants to go to what As Wundt put it: the philosophical basis tial factors in learning
the author considers the crown jewel related to for the principles of are readiness of the
the subject of conditioning, he should read The “…it truly appears to conditioning later neurons, sequence in
Leipzig Connection, ISBN 0-89739-001-6, be a waste of energy to developed by Pavlov and
time, belongingness,
by Paolo Lionni, a slim 103-page paperback. keep returning to such American behavioral and satisfying conse-
(Contact: Delphian Press, 20950 SW Rock aimless discussions psychologists such as quences.” (Rudolph
Creek Road, Sheridan, Oregon 97378.) Lionni about the nature of the Watson and Skinner…” Pintner, et al, An Out-
has explained in clear language the difference psyche, which were in
line of Educational Psy-
between education and conditioning. The first vogue for a while, and —————— ▼ ——————
chology, 1934, p. 79).
few pages of his book are helpful for the pur- practically still are, instead, rather of
poses of this article. Lionni’s important infor- applying one’s energies where they Wundt’s thesis laid the philosophical
mation taken from Chapter 1, entitled “A New will produce real results." basis for the principles of condition-
Domain”, follows in much abbreviated form: ing later developed by Pavlov (who
In his Philosophical Studies, which be- studied physiology in Leipzig, in
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, the founder came the official organ of both the new 1884, five years after Wundt had in-
of experimental psychology, was born in laboratory and the newly redefined “sci- augurated his laboratory there) and
1832 in Neckarau, Germany, graduated as ence” of psychology, he stated “The work American behavioral psychologists
a medical doctor from Heidelberg Univer- which I here present to the public is an such as Watson and Skinner…”
sity in 1856. He worked at Heidelberg for attempt to mark out a new domain of sci-

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PUBLIC SCHOOLS of the business community and former Gov-
ernor Angus King. All middle school stu-
Office of Education, called for the imple-
mentation of Skinnerian behavior modi-
ADOPT SOVIET dents in Maine have been provided with
Apple computers, over the strenuous objec-
fication and discussed environmental in-
fluence when he said:
TECHNIQUES tions of many well-informed persons
“…Would that we had such a sys-
—————— ▼ —————— within the education community and in the
Maine Legislature. This innovation will tem; a system of accountability.”
PART 1 OF 2 Lessinger went on to recommend
soon have extended itself up into Maine's
high schools and down into its elementary “Use of contingency rewards. May

A n AP article “Arizona High School


Trades Textbooks for Laptops", Au-
gust 15, 2005, opens the door for a long-
schools, if parents and teachers do not
mount a major resistance to this radical
make you feel uncomfortable… Does
me, but he who shirks this responsi-
bility does a disservice to the children
overdue discussion of the dangers of the change in education pedagogy. Fortunately
Maine has not yet “chucked the textbooks!” ) of the United States. Behavior Modi-
Pavlovian/Skinnerian method of instruc-
fication is here. Better for us to mas-
tion also known as mastery learning, out- The plan to get rid of textbooks and to ter and use wisely. Powerful … pow-
comes/performance/results-based edu- computerize instruction dates back to at erful… powerful.”
cation, and direct instruction. This pro- least 1971. The February 22, 1971 Indi-
grammed learning (stimulus/response/ vidualized Learning Letter, An Fast forward eight years to the Annual
bells+whistles animal training method), Administrator's Guide to Improve Learning, Meeting of the Council of Chief State
has been in use for over thirty years in stresses on its letterhead the need for "In- School Officers in 1982, during which Dr.
the nation’s schools, primarily in urban dividualized Instruction Methods, Flex- Elam Hertzler, Secretary of Education T.
schools and special education classrooms. ible Scheduling, Behavioral Objectives, H. Bell’s top assistant in the U.S. Depart-
Now that it has been incorporated into Study Units, Self-Directed Learning, and ment of Education, told the State Super-
computer software programs, it will re- Accountability" and states under "Quotes intendents of Instruction:
place textbooks as the primary instruc- You Can Use": “One of the elements of an effective
tional media. As the reader will see from
"Down With Books. Textbooks not school was to monitor, assess, and
many quotes in this article this type of
only encourage learning at the wrong feed back . . . As little as 5 percent of a
computer assisted instruction is essential
level (imparting facts rather than tell- school budget K-12 would be needed
for value and attitude change and for
ing how to gather facts, etc.), they over a period of 12 years to enable
work force training.
also violate an important new con- each student to have his own computer,
The AP article states in part "Students at cern in American education — indi- and this is within our cost range.”
Empire High School here started class this vidualized instruction . . . A good start As indicated above, this plan to get rid of
year with no textbooks — but it wasn't would be to . . . declare a moratorium textbooks and implement Pavlovian/
because of a funding crisis. Instead, the on textbook use in all Skinnerian computer-
school issued iBooks—laptop computers —————— ▼ ——————
courses." Dwight D. ized instruction has
by Apple Computer Inc.— to each of its Allen, Dean of Educa- ... this type of computer been on the drawing
340 students, becoming one of the first tion, University of assisted instruction is board for many years
U.S. public schools to shun printed text- Massachusetts, writ- essential for value and just like everything else
books . . . Empire High, which opened for ing on The Decline of attitude change and for in "the deliberate
the first time this year, was designed specifi- the Textbook, Change, work force training dumbing down" of our
cally to have a textbook-free environment . Jan.-Feb., 1971." —————— ▼ —————— schools. This is the edu-
. . . Schools typically overlay computers
The same newsletter advertised "First Na- cation (training) system
onto their instruction 'like frosting on the
tional Educational Technology Confer- for "The Brave New World Order", the
cake,' Baker said. 'We decided that the real
ence, April 5-8, 1971, Americana Hotel, system which denies "free will" and will
opportunity was to make the laptops the
New York City. Conference seminars and assure that your child no longer receives
key ingredient of the cake . . . to truly
workshops will cover curriculum design, a traditional academic education, but that
change the way that schools operated.’"
use of computers, programmed instruc- he be "trained" with rewards and punish-
(Parents and teachers in the State of Maine tion, simulation, innovation theory, etc.” ments to be a docile, accepting, non-think-
should be especially interested in Empire ing, atheistic "performer" (robot) in
High School's decision to "chuck the text- Three years later, in 1974, Leon Lessinger, Lenin's International Socialist System, eu-
books" since Maine was the first state to superintendent of schools in Beverly phemistically referred to by our con-
move towards the computerization of Hills, California and former associate trolled media as “democratic socialism”
schools, thanks to the aggressive lobbying commissioner of education in the U.S. which is being implemented, world re-

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Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
gion by world region, as I write. ter for Reading Instruction (ECRI) a fed- student...You've seen the tip of the
erally-funded to the tune of $848,536 (1966 iceberg. Won't it be wonderful when
The admission by Empire High School,
dollars!) mastery learning/direct instruc- the child in the smallest county in the
one of the first schools to implement this
tion program, is the fraternal twin of most distant area or in the most con-
textbook-free schooling, allows education
DISTAR. It has been used extensively fused urban setting can have the
researchers who have focused on the dan-
across the country since 1966 (its pub- equivalent of the finest school in the
gers of the Skinnerian behaviorist method
lished reports listed its use by 3,000 world on that terminal and no one
to finally be listened to. The old saying
schools as of 1985!). can get between that child and that
applies here: "You'll know it's true when
curriculum? We have great moments
it happens to you." According to doctors, teachers, and par-
coming in the history of education."
ents it causes sickness and stress for stu-
Now that parents will be faced with their
dents and turns teachers into robots. Its This comment should come as a shocker
children learning exclusively from com-
pre-training Manual lists the following to parents who have been battling openly
puters, which are operant conditioning
teacher and resource materials: Adaptation and usually unsuccessfully at school board
(attitude and value-changing machines),
of Birds, Monitoring Forms Before and After meetings to have certain controversial text-
perhaps they will be willing to listen to
Instruction (observation data sheet books and social engineering programs
those teachers and education researchers
records), How to Teach Animals by Skinner, removed from the schools. At least before,
who have been issuing warnings ever
How to Teach Animals: A Rat, A Pigeon, A sometimes, parents had access to what
since the early eighties when the Skinner
Dog by Kathleen and Shauna Reid. The their children were learning in school.
method and the proposed use of com-
late Dr. Jeanette Veatch, internationally Dustin Heuston explains that such a privi-
puter technology was carved in stone by
known in the field of reading, called the lege will no longer be granted to parents.
the Reagan Administration's Department
ECRI program “a more modern version
of Education, commencing with The Na- And, in case parents don't really believe
of breaking children to the heel of thought
tional Commission on Excellence's Nation that operant conditioning/behavior
control.” She added, “it is so flagrantly
At Risk Report; continuing with its major modification programs, which now will
dangerous, damaging and destructive I
computer technology initiative, Project primarily use the computer for reinforce-
am appalled at its existence.”
BEST: Basic Education Skills Through Tech- ment, are dangerous and are designed to
nology, the infamous 1984 Utah grant to The following quotes should help Ameri- destroy your children's traditional values,
Professor William Spady to pilot out- cans understand the importance of the read on:
comes-based education in Utah and then Pavlovian/Skinnerian method and how
The late Professor Benjamin Bloom, inter-
to “put it in all schools of the nation;” and the use of computers (Skinner's Box) has
nationally known behaviorist, father of
ultimately with the Bush Administration's been planned for over fifty years, and how
Pavlovian/Skinnerian mastery learning
support for Skinnerian Direct Instruction it will affect the education and behavior
and outcomes based education, said in his
to teach reading. of their children and of utmost impor-
Taxonomy of Educational Objectives:
tance, how such education denies free
The No Child Left Behind Act virtually
will. Don't forget it was Professor B.F. "The evidence points out convinc-
mandated the “scientific research based”
Skinner who said: ingly to the fact that age is a factor op-
Skinner reading method be used in the
erating against attempts to effect a
classrooms of our nation, to the exclusion "I COULD MAKE A PIGEON A
complete or thorough-going reorga-
of other non-behaviorist methods of read- HIGH ACHIEVER BY REINFORC-
nization of attitudes and values. (Tax-
ing instruction which have successfully ING IT ON A PROPER SCHEDULE."
onomy, p. 85) The evidence collected
taught children to read for over one hun- and
thus far suggests that a single hour of
dred years. “OPERANT CONDITIONING
classroom activity under certain con-
SHAPES BEHAVIOUR AS A SCULP-
Siegfried Engelman’s federally-funded ditions may bring about a major reor-
TOR SHAPES A LUMP OF CLAY.”
Teaching Your Children to Read in 100 Easy ganization in cognitive as well as af-
Lessons (SRA’s DISTAR Mastery Reading Also, most frightening and significant, is fective (attitudes, values and beliefs)
program) is probably the most extensively the following 1984 quote from Dustin behaviors." (Taxonomy, page 88)
used Direct Instruction program in the Heuston of Utah's World Institute for
Bloom also said the purpose of education
nation, and is best known for its contro- Computer-Assisted Teaching (WICAT):
was to "change the thoughts, actions and
versial results in Houston, Texas. It has a
"We've been absolutely staggered by feelings of students" (All Our Children
teacher training video which instructs
realizing the computer has the capa- Learning, 1982) and defined good teach-
teachers on the use of hand signals with
bility to act as if it were ten of the top ing as "challenging the students' fixed
children, the same hand signals one uses
psychologists working with one beliefs." (Taxonomy, page 55)
when training dogs! The Exemplary Cen-

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Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
—————— ▼ ——————
Additional proof of the and that foreign trade
PAVLOVIAN/SKINNERIAN computer's ability to Bloom also said the to underdeveloped
PROGRAMMED LEARNING change attitudes is purpose of education was countries helped to
found in "The Role of to "change the thoughts, arrest the Communist
In Principles of Programming, the Computer in Future actions and feelings of infiltration of these
funded by the U.S. Office of Educa- Instructional Systems" students" and defined governments. If the
tion in 1961 (Contract SAE-8417 which was published as good teaching as student's attitudes to-
#691), Prof. Robert Glaser, discusses the March/April, 1963 "challenging the students' ward Kennedy and
the denial of free will associated supplement of Audiovi- fixed beliefs." against Communism
with programmed learning as ex- sual Communication Re- —————— ▼ —————— were sufficiently
plained in the following example view [Monograph 2] of strong, Dr. Raven
from a grant to the NEA. (Support- the Technological Development Project of would hypothesize that a positive
ers of programmed learning, what- the National Education Association [Con- change in attitude toward foreign
ever its label . . . mastery learning, tract #SAE9073], U.S. Office of Education, trade would be effectively brought
direct instruction . . . are mistaken Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare.) about by showing the student the in-
when they insist that direct instruc- Excerpts from a chapter entitled "Effort- consistency of his views. There is con-
tion is rote learning) less Learning, Attitude Changing, and siderable evidence that such tech-
Training in Decision-Making" follow: niques do effectively change attitudes.
Professor Glaser says "It is always
to be kept in mind that these prin- "Another area of potential develop- "Admittedly, training in decision-
ciples are quite in contrast to 'rote ment in computer applications is the making skills is a legitimate goal of
learning' or drill. (Emphasis, ed). In attitude changing machine. Dr. education in this age of automation,
rote learning, many wrong re- Bertram Raven in the Psychology but the problem remains — does the
sponses are permitted to occur [free Department at the University of Cali- educator know what values to attach
will, ed], and the student eventu- fornia at Los Angeles is in the pro- to the different outcomes of these
ally learns to develop his own cess of building a computer-based decisions? . . . What about students
prompts often to a relatively unre- device for changing attitudes. This whose values are out of line with the
lated series of stimuli. Programmed device will work on the principle that acceptable values of democratic so-
learning, on the other hand, is de- students' attitudes can be changed ef- ciety? Should they be taught to con-
signed to take advantage of the in- fectively by using the Socratic form to someone else's accepted
herent organization of the subject method of asking an appropriate se- judgment of proper values? Training
matter or of the behavior of the sub- ries of leading questions designed to in decision-making is ultimately
ject in relation to the subject matter right the balance between appropri- compounded with training in value
in shaping up the student's learn- ate attitudes, and those deemed less judgment and, as such, becomes a
ing [brainwash, ed]. acceptable. For instance, after first controversial subject that needs to be
determining a student's constellation resolved by educators before the
(Professor Glaser, a behavioral psy-
of attitudes through appropriate test- tools can be put to use."
chologist and close associate of the
ing procedures, the machine would
late Professor B. F. Skinner, and co- The operant conditioning method is an
calculate which attitudes are 'out of
Director of the Learning Research animal training method. Since the top
phase' and which of these are ame-
and Development Center of the behaviorist educators consider man an
nable to change.
University of Pittsburgh, was in- animal, without a soul, mind, or con-
volved in the recommendations of "If the student were opposed to for- science, it makes sense to them that man
the Commission on Reading in eign trade, say, and a favorable dis- be trained, not educated. One can train
1983. That Commission's report Be- position were sought for, the machine an animal but one cannot educate an ani-
coming a Nation of Readers set the would select an appropriate series of mal. Dogs sit upon command when they
stage for passage of the Reading statements and questions organized know there is a reward (biscuit) for do-
Excellence Act which funded only to right the imbalance in the student's ing so. Since this type of stimulus/re-
"scientific-research based" propos- attitudes. The machine, for instance, sponse computer education does not
als (programmed learning reading would have detected that the student transfer (dogs are unable to make connec-
instruction being implemented liked President Kennedy and was tions between different commands), your
across the country as part of the No against the spread of Communism; children will not be able to learn. They
Child Left Behind legislation.) therefore, the student would be will simply respond, as would an animal,
shown that JFK favored foreign trade to bells and whistles which are nothing

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Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
but neurological stimuli. Yes, "it works." content of each individual student's com- cultivate in pupils the ability to per-
puter hard drive. (President Bush's Men- ceive scientifically-evolved truths as
Yes, it is "effective", since it allows for the
tal Health Screening Initiative can be eas- stages along the endless road of cog-
precise measurement (behaviorist term)
ily implemented simply through the com- nition — not as something stationary
of all your child’s thoughts and behaviors.
puterization of the NAEP) Sixty percent and set."
Yes, it provides for "accountability"
of the test items included in the mandated
(through computerized data collection of But you, dear parent, will not know how
NAEP, upon which most state assess-
your child’s behaviors) to the federal and your second grader's values are being
ments are based, are already attitudinal
international government and to changed (“are evolving on Lenin’s end-
(politically correct)!
UNESCO (the United Nations Educa- less road of cognition”) since, as Heuston
tional, Scientific and Cultural Organiza- The General Agreement between the says above: "you will not be able to get
tion). It is not, however, accountable in United States of America and the United between your child and that [computer]
any way to you, the parent, or to the Soviet Socialist Republic on Contacts, curriculum."
teacher (now known as a "facilitator" of Exchanges and Cooperation in Scientific,
Not only are your children being condi-
learning, not a trans- ——————— ▼ ——————— Technical, Educa-
tioned in the Pavlovian/Skinnerian
mitter of knowledge). tional, Cultural and
The operant conditioning schools of America. Their teachers, who,
This method, in con- Other Fields, signed
method is an animal as stated before, are now known as “fa-
junction with comput- by Presidents Reagan
training method. cilitators of learning” not as “transmitters
ers, can be counted on and Gorbachev in
Since the top behaviorist of knowledge”, have been even more vic-
to train and brain- 1985, which are still in
educators consider man timized than your children. The May, 1985
wash your children effect, virtually
an animal, without a soul, issue of The Effective School report entitled
and their teachers to merged the two coun-
“Principals Expectations as a Motivating
become members of mind, or conscience, it makes tries' education sys-
sense to them that man be Factor in Effective Schools” says the fol-
the collective (group), tems and called for
trained, not educated. lowing regarding the conditioning of
to perform like ro- cooperation in fur-
teachers:
bots/animals, life- ——————— ▼ ——————— thering this type of
long, in the social and Pavlovian computer- “The principal expects specific be-
career roles identified for them by the ized education. The agreement signed be- havior from particular teachers
multinational corporate and global elite, tween the Carnegie Corporation and the which should then translate into
and to never, ever speak out in opposi- Soviet Academy of Science in 1985 was achievement by the students of these
tion to the government for fear of pun- even more specific and resulted in "joint teachers; because of these varied ex-
ishment. research on the application of computers pectations, the principal behaves dif-
in early elementary education, focusing ferently toward different teachers,
Yes, it is an invasion of privacy. How easy
especially on the teaching of higher level i.e., body language, verbal interac-
it will be for the government schools to
skills and complex subjects to younger tions and resource allocations. This
maintain records on every aspect of your
children." "Higher level skills" is often a treatment also influences the atti-
child's personality and behavior: his in-
euphemism for "critical thinking skills". tudes of the teacher toward the prin-
dividuality or willingness to conform to
cipal and their perception of the fu-
the group; his tolerance or lack thereof of N. Landa “Lenin: On Educating Youth,"
ture utility of any increased effort to-
any and all lifestyles; his religious beliefs published by the state-controlled Novosti
ward student achievement. If this
or lack thereof, his global mindedness or Press, quotes Lenin on "thinking" as follows:
treatment is consistent over time, and
lack thereof; his intelligence, his mental
"To pose a real ques- ——————— ▼ ——————— if the teachers do
health, his sexual proclivities, and to make
tion means to define not resist change, it
such information available upon request Still in effect today is the
a problem which will shape their be-
to any corporation, government or private 1985 General Agreement
demands a new ap- havior and through
"snoop" agency without written, in- between the U.S.A. and
proach and new re- it the achievement
formed parental consent. The U.S. Depart- the U.S.S.R. that virtually
search . . . some- of their students . .
ment of Education already collects such merged the two countries'
times accepted . With time teach-
information through the mandated Na- education systems and
truth no longer an- ers’ behavior, self-
tional Assessment of Educational called for cooperation
swers as a solution concepts of ability,
Progress (NAEP), but the collection of in- in furthering Pavlovian
for a serious and perceptions of fu-
formation will be facilitated when the computerized education.
pressing problem. ture utility, attitude
schools' administrative offices (central
The school should ——————— ▼ ——————— toward the princi-
computer data bases) are connected to the

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Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
pal, and students’ achievement will
conform more and more closely to
PUBLIC SCHOOLS ing are the behaviourists, especially B.
F. Skinner, Robert Gagne and Benjamin
the behavior originally expected of
them.”
ADOPT SOVIET Bloom and his associates. Over a long
lifetime and through half a century of
Do the above quotes reflect your views
TECHNIQUES experimentation and writing, Skinner
and/or what you want for your children? —————— ▼ —————— developed behaviourist theories into a
Do the above quotes reflect how good PART 2 OF 2 conceptual structure for teaching ma-
American teachers want to be trained to chines. Skinner's theory of operant con-
teach in the Orwellian Classroom of the STIMULUS/RESPONSE, ditioning — that anyone could be taught
Future? REWARDING & PUNISHING as long as instruction is broken down
Additional most legitimate concerns re-
garding the computerization of education
are addressed in an excellent article en-
T he following quotes from overseas
are included as proof that the "restruc-
tured" American education system is part
into short sequenced steps and appro-
priately reinforced — Gagne's task
analysis, and the later work by Bloom
titled "The Computer Delusion" by Todd of the international (lifelong) computer- and his associates on taxonomies of edu-
Oppenheimer which was published in the ized work force training system. These cational objectives, provided conceptual
July 1997 issue of The Atlantic Monthly. Ex- quotes were taken from an important
frameworks for developing positively-
cerpts from that article follow: Australian research paper, published on
reinforced computer-based education
the Internet in March of 2000. They docu-
Oppenheimer: "Opinions differ in (programmes such as typing tutors pro-
ment the fact that the computerization of
part because research on the brain is the classroom is the model for the inter- vide good examples), frame-sequenced,
still so sketchy, and computers are so national system to which all the world's web-based information presentation
new, that the effect of computers on children and adults will be subjected . . . (Andy White, 1996) and broad prin-
the brain remains a great mystery." and brainwashed. (As you read them, ciples of self-paced learning (Penn State
"I don't think we know anything please remember that the Bush Adminis- University). Gagne's task analysis (Penn
about it," Harry Chugani, a pediatric tration strongly supports the United Na- State University) developed concepts of
neurobiologist at Wayne State Uni- tions Educational, Scientific, and Cultural hierarchies of learning tasks which
versity, told Oppenheimer. "This very Organization’s (UNESCO’s) plans for Bloom and his associates elaborated into
ignorance makes skeptics wary. " world education (brainwashing and train- the well-known Taxonomies of Educa-
——————— ▼ ——————— ing). Mrs. Laura Bush tional Objectives.
"Nobody knows and Secretary of Edu-
how kids' internal “ . . . web-based resources cation Spellings ad- "Unlike Romantic theory which was de-
wiring works," for computer-based dressed UNESCO’s rived from theory of learning through
Clifford Stohl wrote Distance Education . . . and Education for All sensory perception (Berkeley) and dis-
in Silicon Snake Oil, Instructional Design are Conference in Febru- covery (Rousseau), behaviorist theory
"but anyone who's primarily behaviourist.” ary 2005. Secretary is based on scientific investigation and
directed away from Spellings said: “The measurement. Early theory in
——————— ▼ ———————
social interactions No Child Left Behind behavioural psychology has been rein-
has a head start on turning out weird Act and UNESCO’s Education for All forced and modified by discoveries in
. . . No computer can teach what a Campaign complement each other…”) cognitive psychology, especially dis-
walk through a pine forest feels like. coveries related to the understanding
Sensation has no substitute." "Preparing for Virtual /World Classrooms: of cognition needed to develop Artifi-
Globalization of Education and Training — cial Intelligence. Developments in cyber
In Silicon Snake Oil Michael Fellows, a a Learning Web Approach along the Infor-
computer scientist at the University of technology, therefore, are likely to re-
mation Superhighway" by Dell Campbell, inforce the scientific approach to com-
Victoria, in British Columbia, says: 1997, Department of Further Education puter-and Internet-based education. It
"Most schools would probably be bet- and Training, Australia. is worth noting that web-based re-
ter off if they threw their computers Excerpts: sources for computer-based Distance
into the Dumpster." Education (e.g. Penn State University)
Computers and the World Wide Web as and Instructional Design are primarily
Skinner’s Teaching Machine behaviourist.
"Probably the most influential theorists "Perusal of national qualifications
in the development of web-based teach- frameworks, standards-based voca-

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Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
——————— ▼ ———————
tional (e.g. U.S. De- "Behaviourist struc- me one parent or teacher who wants his
partment of Labor, "Perusal of national tures, therefore, facili- child to be subjected to operant condition-
NCRVE) and school qualifications frameworks, tate the international- ing which bypasses the brain with all the
curricula (e.g. standards-based vocational isation of education important functions which distinguish
Putnam Valley . . . and school curricula . . . by providing compa- man from an animal: memory, conscience,
Schools, UK DFEE), and national qualifications rable international imagination, insight, and intuition, func-
and national qualifi- frameworks . . . indicates the benchmarking; and tions by which human beings know abso-
cations frameworks influence of behaviourist enhance the possibil- lutes and truths and are able to know God.
(AOAB, DFEE) indi- theory on current education ity of such system's
Now is the time for parents and public and
cates the influence of and training curricula.” being entrenched by
private school teachers, to DEMAND that
behaviourist theory ——————— ▼ ——————— the congruence be-
our schools be restored to their original
on current education tween behaviourist
intent: to provide a strong traditional aca-
and training curricula. Statements of structures and the techniques of Total
demic education, focusing on reading
standards and benchmarks such as the Quality Management. Behaviourism
(good literature, not the depressing, politi-
UK national curriculum in science, a speaks the language businesses commit-
cally correct, values-changing literature
combination of science and life skills ted to TQM understand."
promoted by the American Library Asso-
standards and benchmarks from the
Curricula for the Global Classroom — ciation), writing, with a strong emphasis
USA and the West Australian Year 11
The emergence of generic national cur- on spelling and grammar, mathematics,
Chemistry Syllabus) (SEA) show not
ricular frameworks. traditional United States and world his-
only remarkable similarity, but a consis-
tory, geography, science, foreign lan-
tency of structure reflecting general In Australia and the United States, ex-
guages, including Latin, art, music, and an
behaviourist principles and more spe- isting federally funded programs pro-
understanding of the need for sound mor-
cific cognitive and other objectives from vided a bridge to the development of
als and values, the invaluable support
Bloom et al's taxonomies. national curricular systems. The Aus-
structure for all major (successful) civili-
tralian Commonwealth Schools
Behaviourist educational structures as zations. (Note: Some Christian schools and
Commission's Reports, provided a ve-
compatible with international ideolo- home schoolers have unfortunately adopted this
hicle for the advocacy of unified na-
gies and industry trends. Skinnerian, individualized, proceed at your
tional approaches to secondary school-
own pace, continuous progress, computer cur-
"The U.S. Compendium of Standards ing, and its final report In the National
riculum, which is dangerous no matter what
and Benchmarks, highlights another Interest (CSC 1987) the shell about
it teaches. I wouldn't want my children taught
trend reinforcing the use of behaviourist which the new Department of Employ-
The Ten Commandments using dog training
structures in educational/curricular ment, Education and Training (DEET)
methods! There is no free will involved in this
frameworks and syllabi — the extent to was able to launch its new policy
type of education!)
which a behaviourist approach can be (Pusey 1990). In the United States, the
manipulated to match economic ratio- National Commission on Excellence in If parents and teachers allow our schools
nalist demands for demonstrably qual- Education launched the national edu- and universities to become computerized
ity teaching and learning outcomes. cational debate with A Nation at Risk operant conditioning, attitude-changing/
Behavioural emphases on general objec- (1983). These reports, and similar re- workforce training centers for lifelong
tives stated in terms of learning and per- ports in other English-speaking and learning, we can look forward to the real-
formance outcomes, and of short se- European countries fostered a sense of ization of the following disastrous predic-
quenced steps can readily be identified crisis and urgency which allowed na- tion advocated by Professor Skinner in his
as general and specific benchmarks and tional governments to dominate edu- 1968 book Technology of Teaching:
specifications demanded by industry; as cational policy making (Odden and
"Absolute power in education is not
student performance on internationally Marsh in Hanaway and Crowson 1989),
a serious issue today because it seems
standardised testing can be used to dem- even in nations in which educational
out of reach. However, a technology
onstrate continuous improvement. policy was constitutionally a state not
of teaching will need to be much
Behaviourist educational structures, national responsibility."
more powerful if the race with catas-
therefore, being compatible with current
Show me one parent or teacher in this trophe is to be won, and it may then,
management procedures and quality
country who wants his child to be trained like any powerful technology, need
systems, are likely to remain interna-
like a rat for the global workforce, rather to be contained. An appropriate
tional systems in states where economic
than educated like a human being for his counter control will not be generated
rationalism is a dominant ideology of
own individual upward mobility. Show as a revolt against aversive measures
government.

7
Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
but by a policy designed to maximize (Skinnerian/Pavlovian, Ed.) tech- Controls the Family?…Blind Activist Leads
the contribution which education can niques." (p. 260) Peasants in Legal Challenge to Abuses of
make to the strength of the culture. The China’s Population-Growth Policy” by Philip
(Charlotte's Note: The use of rewards and
issue is important because the gov- P. Pan states in part “The government adopted
punishment by a totalitarian government ul-
ernment of the future will probably the law granting citizens the right to make an
timately leads to atrocious abuses. An article
operate mainly through educational ‘informed choice’ in family planning, and in
in The Washington Post, 8/27/05 titled “Who
recent years it has moved toward a system of
economic rewards for couples with only one
SKINNER’S TECHNOLOGY OF TEACHING child and fines or fees for those with more. But
(BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION) FOR A many local officials continue to rely on forced
‘CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT FOR SOCIAL CHANGE’ abortion and sterilization, in part because the
ability to limit population growth remains a
Important note: project is partially supported by a
top consideration in party deliberations about
For those who do not understand the grant from the National Institute on Al-
promotions and raises. In much of China, an
technology of teaching to which Skin- cohol Abuse . . . On page 5 of this blue-
official who misses a population target, even
ner refers (especially positive reinforce- print for totalitarianism, the authors
if he or she excels in other fields, is dismissed,
ment), let me explain how "the govern- state that 'We are presently concerned
according to researchers and family planning
ment of the future will probably be op- with controlling upheavals and anar-
officials.)
erated through educational techniques". chic behavior associated with social
An article entitled "People Control change and discontent.'. . . The authors Fast forward to 1981 and Project BEST:
Blueprint" by Carol Denton was pub- go on to say that they believe an Basic Education Skills through Technol-
lished in the May, 1972 issue of The Na- 'Orwellian world' is more likely under ogy. BEST’s Informational Brochure rec-
tional Educator. It states in part: presently developing society than un- ommended what Skinner predicted in his
der the kind of rigorous controls of a 1968 book Technology of Teaching:
"A Top Secret paper from the Center society envisioned by Skinner . . . On
“The government of the future [vari-
for the Study of Democratic Institu- page 6, the authors deplore the grow-
ous government agencies, not just educa-
tions, now in the hands of The National ing demands for 'law and order,' stat-
tion, Ed.], will probably operate mainly
Educator, reveals a plan for total con- ing that the population is now more
through educational techniques.”
trol of the people of the United States apt to support governmental repres-
through behavioral modification tech- sion than previously, in response to The informational brochure for Project
niques of B.F. Skinner, the controver- 'their own fears.' . . . They add that BEST: Basic Education Skills through Tech-
sial behaviorist author of Beyond Free- 'with the rising population, depletion nology, stated:
dom and Dignity . . . According to the of natural resources, and the increase
"In addition, the State Team approach
'Dialogue Discussion Paper', a confer- of pollution, repressive measures may
and the communications network
ence was held at the Center on Janu- have to be used to guarantee survival
with professional associations and
ary 17 through 19, 1972, at which time of our species.
other groups established by the
a discussion on 'The Social and Philo-
"These measures may take the form of project will serve as a model for the
sophical Implications of Behavior
forced sterilization, greatly restricted states in implementing similar efforts
Modification' was held.
uses of energy and limits on popula- in other areas of education, or in such
"The paper in question is one prepared tion movement and living location.' . . program areas as health, human ser-
by four individuals for presentation at . Skinner, on the other hand, they al- vices, housing, transportation, etc."
that conference entitled 'Controlled lege —'advocates more sophisticated
Twenty-two years later an article entitled
Environment for Social Change.' The controls over the population since pun-
"Extraordinary Acts of Kindness" pub-
authors are Vitali Rozynko, Kenneth ishment (by the government) for the
lished in the January 27, 2003 issue of The
Swift, Josephine Swift and Larney J. most part works only temporarily and
Times Record, Brunswick, Maine illustrates
Boggs . . . The second page of the pa- only while the punishing agent is
exactly what Project BEST called for
per carries the inscription, 'To B.F Skin- present.' . . . On the other hand, the au-
above: the use of the Skinnerian operant
ner and James G. Holland.' . . . The au- thors allege, operant conditioning
conditioning method in government pro-
thors of this tome are senior staff mem- (sensitivity training) and other behav-
grams, not exclusively in education:
bers of the Operant Behavior Modifi- ioral techniques can be used to control
cation Project located at Mendocino the population through 'positive rein- "Beginning on Saturday, police offic-
State Hospital in California and the forcement.'" ers on patrol in the two communities
(Bath and Brunswick, Maine) will

8
Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt
carry with them coins embossed with from wrong? If human beings are trained emphasis on free will, focuses on man’s
their department's patch. When an like animals, why should we be surprised personal responsibility toward God, his
officer witnesses someone aiding a when they increasingly behave even neighbor, and society in general? This,
fellow citizen or committing a note- worse than animals, and when confronted folks, is the bottom line since if we allow
worthy act, the officer can award the by their misdeeds seem to have absolutely and pay for agents of the government to
coin in immediate (behaviorist term, no remorse? manipulate and control our behavior in
ed) recognition of the kind deed . . ." this way, we are in effect turning all re-
If the majority of Americans are willing
sponsibility for our lives and fortunes or
This particular use of the technology of to accept the Darwinian evolutionist view
misfortunes over to the government.
teaching (operant conditioning to modify that they are in fact animals to be trained
behavior) in my home town of Bath, Maine (conditioned) . . . without free will, lack- © 2005 Charlotte T. Iserbyt
is not an isolated incident. The federal and ing the ability to think and make decisions All Rights Reserved
state governments are deeply involved in for themselves, lacking conscience or a
rewarding and punishing individuals and sense of personal responsibility for their ——————————————————
state and local agencies, by withholding actions, i.e., (blaming and suing NOTE
funds (punishment) or by providing ad- MacDonalds for the “too hot” coffee they
To locate many of the quotes in this article
ditional funding or perks (rewards) de- spilled in their lap while driving away
go to: www.deliberatedumbingdown.com
pending on whether the agency or person from the takeout window; blaming and
and purchase the deliberate dumbing down
in question has or has not performed as suing the cigarette companies for their
of america . . . A Chronological Paper Trail
mandated by the government. (Such re- addiction to cigarettes which caused can-
(700 pages) and/or click on "Free Gift from
wards and punishment remind one of the cer; blaming and killing their parents since
the Author" which is a pdf of her 46-page,
Chinese Communist population control they were abused as children, etc. . . . I
1985 booklet entitled Back to Basics Reform
policy referred to earlier in this article.) could go on and on and on), we and our
Or . . . OBE . . . Skinnerian International Cur-
nation are dead in the water, no matter
If we are trained as animals, only doing riculum? . . . Necessary for United States Par-
our military or economic superiority.
good deeds when a reward is forthcom- ticipation in a Socialist One World Govern-
ing, and refraining from doing what is Looked at another way, does not the ac- ment Scheduled for the Early Twenty-first Cen-
right, according to our conscience, (like ceptance of this sick and evil Darwinian/ tury (for key quotes only). For those not
vocally opposing the Iraq War) for fear of evolutionist view that man is nothing but on the Internet, these two books can be
government reprisal (punishment), who an animal to be trained, without free will, purchased by writing the author at 1062
can say that we are any different from ani- spell the end of Christianity as a major Washington Street, Bath, ME 04530.
mals who are not expected to know right world religion which, due to its singular ——————————————————

ABOUT THE AUTHOR


Charlotte Iserbyt is the consummate whistleblower! Iserbyt served as Senior Policy Advisor in the Office of Educational Research
and Improvement (OERI), U.S. Department of Education, during the first Reagan Administration, where she first blew the whistle
on a major technology initiative which would control curriculum in America's classrooms. Iserbyt is a former school board director
in Camden, Maine and was co-founder and research analyst of Guardians of Education for Maine (GEM) from 1978 to 2000. She has
also served in the American Red Cross on Guam and Japan during the Korean War, and in the United States Foreign Service in
Belgium and in the Republic of South Africa.
Iserbyt is a speaker and writer, best known for her 1985 booklet Back to Basics Reform or OBE: Skinnerian International Cur-
riculum and her 1989 pamphlet Soviets in the Classroom: America's Latest Education Fad which covered the details of the
U.S.-Soviet and Carnegie-Soviet Education Agreements which remain in effect to this day. She is a freelance writer and has had
articles published in Human Events, The Washington Times, The Bangor Daily News, and included in the record of Congres-
sional hearings.

Website: www.deliberatedumbingdown.com
E-Mail: dumbdown@blazenetme.net
To order The Deliberate Dumbing Down of America • 700 pages pb,
Call: 1-207-442-0543
05-11.14

9
Revolution in Education — Soviet Style | by Charlotte T. Iserbyt