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**This print-out should have 18 questions.
**

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices

before answering.

001 10.0 points

If the points

(0, 4), (

1

2

, 8), (1, 7), (

3

2

, 8), (2, 1)

lie on the graph of a continuous function y =

f(x), use the trapezoidal rule and all these

points to estimate the integral

I =

_

2

0

f(x) dx .

1. I ≈

49

4

2. I ≈ 13

3. I ≈

53

4

4. I ≈

25

2

5. I ≈

51

4

correct

Explanation:

The trapezoidal rule estimates the integral

I as

h

2

_

f(0) + 2f(

1

2

) + 2f(1) + 2f(

3

2

) + f(2)

_

.

With h =

1

2

and the given values of f, there-

fore, the area is estimated by

I ≈

51

4

.

002 10.0 points

The graph of a function f is shown in

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

2 4 6 8 10

2

4

6

8

Use Simpson’s Rule with n = 6 to estimate

the integral

I =

_

9

3

f(x) dx .

1. I ≈

77

3

2. I ≈

74

3

correct

3. I ≈

76

3

4. I ≈

73

3

5. I ≈ 25

Explanation:

Simpson’s Rule estimates the integral

I =

_

9

3

f(x) dx

by

I ≈

1

3

_

f(3) + 4f(4) + 2f(5)

+ 4f(6) + 2f(7) + 4f(8) + f(9)

_

,

taking n = 6. Reading oﬀ the values of f from

its graph we thus see that

I ≈

74

3

.

keywords: deﬁnite integral, graph, Simpson’s

rule

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 2

003 10.0 points

Determine if the integral

I =

_

∞

0

e

−2x

dx

is convergent, and if it is, ﬁnd its value.

1. I = −

1

2

2. I =

1

2

correct

3. I = −2

4. = 2

5. integral is divergent

Explanation:

The integral is improper because of the in-

ﬁnite interval of integration. It will be con-

vergent if

lim

t →∞

_

t

0

e

−2x

dx

exists. Now

_

t

0

e

−2x

dx =

_

−

1

2

e

−2x

_

t

0

= −

1

2

e

−2t

+

1

2

.

On the other hand,

lim

t →∞

e

−2t

= 0 .

Consequently, I exists and

I =

1

2

.

004 10.0 points

Determine if the improper integral

I =

_

1

0

6 ln3x dx

converges, and if it does, ﬁnd its value.

1. I = 6(ln 3 −1) correct

2. I = 3(ln 6 + 1)

3. I = 3(ln 6 −1)

4. I = 6(ln 3 + 1)

5. I = 3 ln6 + 6

6. I does not converge

7. I = 6 ln3 −3

Explanation:

Since ln 3x → −∞ as x → 0 through pos-

itive values of x, the graph of 6 ln3x has a

vertical asymptote at x = 0. It is this that

makes I an improper integral. So we set

I = lim

t →0+

_

1

t

6 ln3x dx

and check if the limit exists.

Now, after integration by parts,

_

1

t

6 ln3x dx =

_

6x ln3x

_

1

t

−

_

1

t

6 dx .

Thus

_

1

t

6 ln3x dx = 6 ln3 −6 −6t ln 3t + 6t .

It is when investigating the limit of this ex-

pression as t → 0+ that L’Hospital’s Rule is

needed. For

lim

t →0+

6t ln3t = lim

t →0+

6 ln3t

(1/t)

,

so by L’Hospital’s Rule

lim

t →0+

6 ln3t

(1/t)

= lim

t →0+

6/t

−(1/t

2

)

= 0 .

Hence

lim

t →0+

_

1

t

6 ln3x dx

= 6 ln3 −6 + lim

t →0+

6t = 6 ln3 −6 .

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 3

Consequently,

I = 6 ln3 −6 = 6(ln3 −1) .

005 10.0 points

Find the slope in the x-direction at the

point P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on the graph of f when

f(x, y) = 2(y

2

−x

2

) ln(x + y) .

1. slope = 6

2. slope = 2

3. slope = 4 correct

4. slope = −2

5. slope = 0

Explanation:

The graph of f is a surface in 3-space

and the slope in the x-direction at the point

P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on that surface is the value of

the partial derivative f

x

at (0, 2). Now

f

x

= 2

_

−2x ln(x + y) +

y

2

−x

2

x + y

_

.

Consequently, at P(0, 2, f(0, 2))

slope = 2 ×2 = 4 .

006 10.0 points

Determine f

yx

when

f(x, y) = 2y

2

cos xy .

1. f

yx

= 2y

2

(3 cos xy −xy sin xy)

2. f

yx

= x

2

(3 sinxy −xy cos xy)

3. f

yx

= 2x

2

(3 cos xy −xy sin xy)

4. f

yx

= −y

2

(3 cos xy + xy sin xy)

5. f

yx

= −2y

2

(3 sinxy + xy cos xy) cor-

rect

6. f

yx

= −x

2

(3 cos xy + xy sin xy)

7. f

yx

= y

2

(3 sinxy −xy cos xy)

8. f

yx

= −2x

2

(3 sinxy + xy cos xy)

Explanation:

By the Product Rule,

f

y

= 4y cos xy −2xy

2

sin xy .

But then

f

yx

= −4y

2

sin xy −2y

2

sin xy −2xy

3

cos xy .

Consequently,

f

xy

= −2y

2

(3 sinxy + xy cos xy) .

007 10.0 points

Evaluate the iterated integral

I =

_

3

1

_

_

3

1

_

x

y

+

y

x

_

dy

_

dx .

1. I = 8 ln4

2. I = 8 ln3 correct

3. I = 4 ln3

4. I = 3 ln8

5. I = 3 ln4

6. I = 4 ln8

Explanation:

Integrating with respect to y keeping x

ﬁxed, we see that

_

3

1

_

x

y

+

y

x

_

dy =

_

x ln y +

y

2

2x

_

3

1

= (ln 3)x + 4

_

1

x

_

.

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 4

Thus

I =

_

3

1

_

(ln3)x + 4

_

1

x

__

dx

=

_ _

x

2

2

_

ln 3 + 4 lnx

_

3

1

.

Consequently,

I = 8 ln3 .

008 10.0 points

Evaluate the double integral

I =

_ _

A

5 + x

2

1 + y

2

dxdy

when

A =

_

(x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1

_

.

1. I = π

2. I =

5

3

π

3. I =

4

3

π correct

4. I =

3

2

π

5. I =

7

6

π

Explanation:

Since

A =

_

(x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1

_

is a rectangle with sides parallel to the coor-

dinate axes, the double integral can be repre-

sented as the iterated integral

I =

_

1

0

__

1

0

5 + x

2

1 + y

2

dx

_

dy .

Now

_

1

0

5 + x

2

1 + y

2

dx =

1

1 + y

2

_

5x +

1

3

x

3

_

1

0

.

Thus

I =

16

3

_

1

0

1

1 + y

2

dy =

16

3

_

tan

−1

y

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

4

3

π .

009 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_ _

A

2xe

xy

dxdy

over the rectangle

A = { (x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 2, 0 ≤ y ≤ 3 }.

1. I =

2

3

_

e

6

−5

_

2. I =

1

3

_

e

6

−5

_

3. I =

2

3

_

e

6

−7

_

correct

4. I =

2

3

_

e

6

−6

_

5. I =

1

3

_

e

6

−6

_

6. I =

1

3

_

e

6

−7

_

Explanation:

Since the integral with respect to y in

I =

_ _

A

2xe

xy

dxdy

can be evaluated easily using substitution

(or directly making the substitution in one’s

head), while the integral with respect to x re-

quires integration by parts, this suggests that

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 5

we should represent the double integral as the

repeated integral

I =

_

2

0

__

3

0

2xe

xy

dy

_

dx.

Now after integration the inner integral be-

comes

_

2e

xy

_

3

0

= 2

_

e

3x

−1

_

.

Thus

I = 2

_

2

0

(e

3x

−1) dx = 2

_

e

3x

3

−x

_

2

0

,

and so

I =

2

3

_

e

6

−7

_

.

010 10.0 points

Evaluate the double integral

I =

_

1

−1

_

y

y

2

(3x + 4y) dxdy .

1. I =

11

3

2. I =

52

15

3. I =

49

15

4. I =

46

15

correct

5. I =

43

15

Explanation:

Treating I as an iterated integral, integrat-

ing ﬁrst with respect to x with y ﬁxed, we see

that

I =

_

1

−1

_

_

y

y

2

(3x + 4y) dx

_

dy

=

_

1

−1

_

3

2

x

2

+ 4xy

_

y

y

2

dy .

Thus

I =

_

1

−1

3

2

(y

2

−y

4

) dy +

_

1

−1

4(y

2

−y

3

) dy

=

_

3

2

_

y

3

3

−

y

5

5

_

+4

_

y

3

3

−

y

4

4

__

1

−1

.

Consequently,

I =

46

15

.

011 10.0 points

Evaluate the double integral

I =

_ _

D

2x siny dxdy

when D is the bounded region enclosed by the

graphs of

y = 0 , y = x

2

, x = 2 .

1. I = 2 (cos 4 −1)

2. I = 2 (4 −sin 4)

3. I = 4 −sin 4 correct

4. I = 2 (sin4 −1)

5. I = 1 −cos 4

6. I = sin 4 −1

7. I = 2 (4 −cos 4)

8. I = cos 4 −4

Explanation:

After integration with respect to y we see

that

I = −

_

2

0

_

2x cos y

_

x

2

0

dx

= 2

_

2

0

x(1 −cos x

2

) dx

=

_

x

2

−sin x

2

_

2

0

,

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 6

using substitution in the second integral.

Consequently,

I = 4 −sin4 .

012 10.0 points

Evaluate the double integral

I =

_

2

0

_

2

y

6e

x

2

dxdy .

1. I =

1

2

e

4

2. I = 6(e

4

−1)

3. I = 3(e

4

+ 1)

4. I = 3(e

4

−1) correct

5. I = 6(e

4

+ 1)

6. I = 3e

4

Explanation:

The region of integration is the shaded tri-

angle

formed by the lines x = 2, y = x and y = 0.

Integrating ﬁrst with respect to x means in-

tegrating along the darkened segment of the

line y = a, 0 ≤ a ≤ 2, lying inside this tri-

angle, and then letting a range from 0 to 2.

The only diﬃculty is that the integral with re-

spect to x cannot be determined, so we have

to reverse the order of integration.

Reversing the order of integration means

integrating with respect y along the darkened

segment of the line x = b, 0 ≤ b ≤ 2, lying

inside this triangle, and then letting b range

from 0 to 2. This gives a repeated integral

I =

_

2

0

__

x

0

6e

x

2

dy

_

dx.

But after integration the inner integral be-

comes

_

6ye

x

2

_

x

0

= 6xe

x

2

,

so

I =

_

2

0

6xe

x

2

dx =

_

1

2

6e

x

2

_

2

0

.

Consequently,

I = 3(e

4

−1) .

013 10.0 points

Determine if the sequence {a

n

} converges,

and if it does, ﬁnd its limit when

a

n

=

8n + (−1)

n

2n + 2

.

1. converges with limit =

7

2

2. sequence does not converge

3. converges with limit = 4 correct

4. converges with limit = 2

5. converges with limit =

9

2

Explanation:

After division by n we see that

a

n

=

8 +

(−1)

n

n

2 +

2

n

.

But

(−1)

n

n

,

2

n

−→ 0

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 7

as n → ∞, so a

n

→ 4 as n → ∞. Conse-

quently, the sequence converges and has

limit = 4 .

014 10.0 points

Determine whether the sequence {a

n

} con-

verges or diverges when

a

n

=

2

n

7

n−1

,

and if it converges, ﬁnd the limit.

1. converges with limit = 0 correct

2. converges with limit = 2

3. converges with limit = 1

4. diverges

5. converges with limit = 7

Explanation:

After simpliﬁcation

2

n

7

n−1

= 7

_

2

7

_

n

.

But the sequence {r

n

}

(a) converges with limit 0 when |r| < 1,

(b) and diverges for all |r| ≥ 1.

Consequently, the given sequence {a

n

}

converges with limit = 0 .

015 10.0 points

Determine if the sequence {a

n

} converges

when

a

n

=

(2n + 1)!

8n

2

(2n −1)!

,

and if it converges, ﬁnd the limit.

1. does not converge

2. converges with limit = 4

3. converges with limit =

1

2

correct

4. converges with limit = 2

5. converges with limit =

1

4

Explanation:

By deﬁnition, m! is the product

m! = 1 · 2 · 3 · . . . · m

of the ﬁrst m positive integers. When m =

2n −1, therefore,

(2n −1)! = 1 · 2 · 3 · . . . · (2n −1) ,

while

(2n+1)! = 1 · 2 · 3 · . . . · (2n−1)2n(2n+1) .

when m = 2n + 1. But then,

(2n + 1)!

8n

2

(2n −1)!

=

2n(2n + 1)

8n

2

−→

1

2

as n → ∞. Consequently, the given sequence

converges with limit =

1

2

.

016 10.0 points

Determine whether the inﬁnite series

∞

n=1

ln

_

4n

2n + 5

_

is convergent or divergent, and if convergent,

ﬁnd its sum.

1. converges with sum = ln

_

1

2

_

2. diverges correct

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 8

3. converges with sum = ln

_

7

4

_

4. converges with sum = ln

_

4

7

_

5. converges with sum = ln (2)

Explanation:

An inﬁnite series

a

n

diverges when

lim

n→∞

a

n

= 0 .

For the given series

a

n

= ln

_

4n

2n + 5

_

.

But

lim

n→∞

_

4n

2n + 5

_

= lim

n→∞

_

4

2 +

5

n

_

= 2 ,

so

lim

n→∞

ln

_

4n

2n + 5

_

= ln 2 = 0 .

Consequently, the given inﬁnite series

diverges .

017 10.0 points

Find all values of x for which the series

∞

n=0

(3x + 5)

n

4

n

converges.

1. converges only on

_

−3, 3

_

2. converges only on

_

1

3

, −

1

3

_

3. converges only on

_

−3, −

1

3

_

correct

4. converges only on

_

−

5

3

,

5

3

_

5. converges only on

_

1

3

, 3

_

Explanation:

A geometric series

∞

n=0

ar

n

(i) converges when |r| < 1, and

(ii) diverges when |r| ≥ 1,

Now for the given series,

a = 1 , r =

3x + 5

4

,

so it converges exactly when

−1 <

3x + 5

4

< 1 .

By solving these inequalities we thus see that

the given series converges only on the interval

_

−3, −

1

3

_

.

018 10.0 points

Determine whether the inﬁnite series

∞

n=1

3

n

−2

n

5

n

converges or diverges, and if it converges, ﬁnd

its sum.

1. converges with sum =

5

6

correct

2. series diverges

3. converges with sum =

1

4

4. converges with sum =

1

2

5. converges with sum =

2

3

6. converges with sum = 1

Explanation:

Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 9

An inﬁnite geometric series

∞

n=1

a r

n−1

(i) converges when |r| < 1 and has

sum =

a

1 −r

,

while it

(ii) diverges when |r| ≥ 1 .

Now

∞

n=1

3

n

5

n

=

∞

n=1

3

5

_

3

5

_

n−1

is a geometric series with a = r =

3

5

< 1.

Thus it converges with

sum =

3

2

,

while

∞

n=1

2

n

5

n

=

∞

n=1

2

5

_

2

5

_

n−1

is a geometric series with a = r =

2

5

< 1.

Thus it too converges, and it has

sum =

2

3

.

Consequently, being the diﬀerence of two con-

vergent series, the given series

converges with sum =

3

2

−

2

3

=

5

6

.

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