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Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 1

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001 10.0 points
If the points
(0, 4), (
1
2
, 8), (1, 7), (
3
2
, 8), (2, 1)
lie on the graph of a continuous function y =
f(x), use the trapezoidal rule and all these
points to estimate the integral
I =
_
2
0
f(x) dx .
1. I ≈
49
4
2. I ≈ 13
3. I ≈
53
4
4. I ≈
25
2
5. I ≈
51
4
correct
Explanation:
The trapezoidal rule estimates the integral
I as
h
2
_
f(0) + 2f(
1
2
) + 2f(1) + 2f(
3
2
) + f(2)
_
.
With h =
1
2
and the given values of f, there-
fore, the area is estimated by
I ≈
51
4
.
002 10.0 points
The graph of a function f is shown in
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
2 4 6 8 10
2
4
6
8
Use Simpson’s Rule with n = 6 to estimate
the integral
I =
_
9
3
f(x) dx .
1. I ≈
77
3
2. I ≈
74
3
correct
3. I ≈
76
3
4. I ≈
73
3
5. I ≈ 25
Explanation:
Simpson’s Rule estimates the integral
I =
_
9
3
f(x) dx
by
I ≈
1
3
_
f(3) + 4f(4) + 2f(5)
+ 4f(6) + 2f(7) + 4f(8) + f(9)
_
,
taking n = 6. Reading off the values of f from
its graph we thus see that
I ≈
74
3
.
keywords: definite integral, graph, Simpson’s
rule
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 2
003 10.0 points
Determine if the integral
I =
_

0
e
−2x
dx
is convergent, and if it is, find its value.
1. I = −
1
2
2. I =
1
2
correct
3. I = −2
4. = 2
5. integral is divergent
Explanation:
The integral is improper because of the in-
finite interval of integration. It will be con-
vergent if
lim
t →∞
_
t
0
e
−2x
dx
exists. Now
_
t
0
e
−2x
dx =
_

1
2
e
−2x
_
t
0
= −
1
2
e
−2t
+
1
2
.
On the other hand,
lim
t →∞
e
−2t
= 0 .
Consequently, I exists and
I =
1
2
.
004 10.0 points
Determine if the improper integral
I =
_
1
0
6 ln3x dx
converges, and if it does, find its value.
1. I = 6(ln 3 −1) correct
2. I = 3(ln 6 + 1)
3. I = 3(ln 6 −1)
4. I = 6(ln 3 + 1)
5. I = 3 ln6 + 6
6. I does not converge
7. I = 6 ln3 −3
Explanation:
Since ln 3x → −∞ as x → 0 through pos-
itive values of x, the graph of 6 ln3x has a
vertical asymptote at x = 0. It is this that
makes I an improper integral. So we set
I = lim
t →0+
_
1
t
6 ln3x dx
and check if the limit exists.
Now, after integration by parts,
_
1
t
6 ln3x dx =
_
6x ln3x
_
1
t

_
1
t
6 dx .
Thus
_
1
t
6 ln3x dx = 6 ln3 −6 −6t ln 3t + 6t .
It is when investigating the limit of this ex-
pression as t → 0+ that L’Hospital’s Rule is
needed. For
lim
t →0+
6t ln3t = lim
t →0+
6 ln3t
(1/t)
,
so by L’Hospital’s Rule
lim
t →0+
6 ln3t
(1/t)
= lim
t →0+
6/t
−(1/t
2
)
= 0 .
Hence
lim
t →0+
_
1
t
6 ln3x dx
= 6 ln3 −6 + lim
t →0+
6t = 6 ln3 −6 .
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 3
Consequently,
I = 6 ln3 −6 = 6(ln3 −1) .
005 10.0 points
Find the slope in the x-direction at the
point P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on the graph of f when
f(x, y) = 2(y
2
−x
2
) ln(x + y) .
1. slope = 6
2. slope = 2
3. slope = 4 correct
4. slope = −2
5. slope = 0
Explanation:
The graph of f is a surface in 3-space
and the slope in the x-direction at the point
P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on that surface is the value of
the partial derivative f
x
at (0, 2). Now
f
x
= 2
_
−2x ln(x + y) +
y
2
−x
2
x + y
_
.
Consequently, at P(0, 2, f(0, 2))
slope = 2 ×2 = 4 .
006 10.0 points
Determine f
yx
when
f(x, y) = 2y
2
cos xy .
1. f
yx
= 2y
2
(3 cos xy −xy sin xy)
2. f
yx
= x
2
(3 sinxy −xy cos xy)
3. f
yx
= 2x
2
(3 cos xy −xy sin xy)
4. f
yx
= −y
2
(3 cos xy + xy sin xy)
5. f
yx
= −2y
2
(3 sinxy + xy cos xy) cor-
rect
6. f
yx
= −x
2
(3 cos xy + xy sin xy)
7. f
yx
= y
2
(3 sinxy −xy cos xy)
8. f
yx
= −2x
2
(3 sinxy + xy cos xy)
Explanation:
By the Product Rule,
f
y
= 4y cos xy −2xy
2
sin xy .
But then
f
yx
= −4y
2
sin xy −2y
2
sin xy −2xy
3
cos xy .
Consequently,
f
xy
= −2y
2
(3 sinxy + xy cos xy) .
007 10.0 points
Evaluate the iterated integral
I =
_
3
1
_
_
3
1
_
x
y
+
y
x
_
dy
_
dx .
1. I = 8 ln4
2. I = 8 ln3 correct
3. I = 4 ln3
4. I = 3 ln8
5. I = 3 ln4
6. I = 4 ln8
Explanation:
Integrating with respect to y keeping x
fixed, we see that
_
3
1
_
x
y
+
y
x
_
dy =
_
x ln y +
y
2
2x
_
3
1
= (ln 3)x + 4
_
1
x
_
.
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 4
Thus
I =
_
3
1
_
(ln3)x + 4
_
1
x
__
dx
=
_ _
x
2
2
_
ln 3 + 4 lnx
_
3
1
.
Consequently,
I = 8 ln3 .
008 10.0 points
Evaluate the double integral
I =
_ _
A
5 + x
2
1 + y
2
dxdy
when
A =
_
(x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1
_
.
1. I = π
2. I =
5
3
π
3. I =
4
3
π correct
4. I =
3
2
π
5. I =
7
6
π
Explanation:
Since
A =
_
(x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1
_
is a rectangle with sides parallel to the coor-
dinate axes, the double integral can be repre-
sented as the iterated integral
I =
_
1
0
__
1
0
5 + x
2
1 + y
2
dx
_
dy .
Now
_
1
0
5 + x
2
1 + y
2
dx =
1
1 + y
2
_
5x +
1
3
x
3
_
1
0
.
Thus
I =
16
3
_
1
0
1
1 + y
2
dy =
16
3
_
tan
−1
y
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
I =
4
3
π .
009 10.0 points
Evaluate the integral
I =
_ _
A
2xe
xy
dxdy
over the rectangle
A = { (x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 2, 0 ≤ y ≤ 3 }.
1. I =
2
3
_
e
6
−5
_
2. I =
1
3
_
e
6
−5
_
3. I =
2
3
_
e
6
−7
_
correct
4. I =
2
3
_
e
6
−6
_
5. I =
1
3
_
e
6
−6
_
6. I =
1
3
_
e
6
−7
_
Explanation:
Since the integral with respect to y in
I =
_ _
A
2xe
xy
dxdy
can be evaluated easily using substitution
(or directly making the substitution in one’s
head), while the integral with respect to x re-
quires integration by parts, this suggests that
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 5
we should represent the double integral as the
repeated integral
I =
_
2
0
__
3
0
2xe
xy
dy
_
dx.
Now after integration the inner integral be-
comes
_
2e
xy
_
3
0
= 2
_
e
3x
−1
_
.
Thus
I = 2
_
2
0
(e
3x
−1) dx = 2
_
e
3x
3
−x
_
2
0
,
and so
I =
2
3
_
e
6
−7
_
.
010 10.0 points
Evaluate the double integral
I =
_
1
−1
_
y
y
2
(3x + 4y) dxdy .
1. I =
11
3
2. I =
52
15
3. I =
49
15
4. I =
46
15
correct
5. I =
43
15
Explanation:
Treating I as an iterated integral, integrat-
ing first with respect to x with y fixed, we see
that
I =
_
1
−1
_
_
y
y
2
(3x + 4y) dx
_
dy
=
_
1
−1
_
3
2
x
2
+ 4xy
_
y
y
2
dy .
Thus
I =
_
1
−1
3
2
(y
2
−y
4
) dy +
_
1
−1
4(y
2
−y
3
) dy
=
_
3
2
_
y
3
3

y
5
5
_
+4
_
y
3
3

y
4
4
__
1
−1
.
Consequently,
I =
46
15
.
011 10.0 points
Evaluate the double integral
I =
_ _
D
2x siny dxdy
when D is the bounded region enclosed by the
graphs of
y = 0 , y = x
2
, x = 2 .
1. I = 2 (cos 4 −1)
2. I = 2 (4 −sin 4)
3. I = 4 −sin 4 correct
4. I = 2 (sin4 −1)
5. I = 1 −cos 4
6. I = sin 4 −1
7. I = 2 (4 −cos 4)
8. I = cos 4 −4
Explanation:
After integration with respect to y we see
that
I = −
_
2
0
_
2x cos y
_
x
2
0
dx
= 2
_
2
0
x(1 −cos x
2
) dx
=
_
x
2
−sin x
2
_
2
0
,
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 6
using substitution in the second integral.
Consequently,
I = 4 −sin4 .
012 10.0 points
Evaluate the double integral
I =
_
2
0
_
2
y
6e
x
2
dxdy .
1. I =
1
2
e
4
2. I = 6(e
4
−1)
3. I = 3(e
4
+ 1)
4. I = 3(e
4
−1) correct
5. I = 6(e
4
+ 1)
6. I = 3e
4
Explanation:
The region of integration is the shaded tri-
angle
formed by the lines x = 2, y = x and y = 0.
Integrating first with respect to x means in-
tegrating along the darkened segment of the
line y = a, 0 ≤ a ≤ 2, lying inside this tri-
angle, and then letting a range from 0 to 2.
The only difficulty is that the integral with re-
spect to x cannot be determined, so we have
to reverse the order of integration.
Reversing the order of integration means
integrating with respect y along the darkened
segment of the line x = b, 0 ≤ b ≤ 2, lying
inside this triangle, and then letting b range
from 0 to 2. This gives a repeated integral
I =
_
2
0
__
x
0
6e
x
2
dy
_
dx.
But after integration the inner integral be-
comes
_
6ye
x
2
_
x
0
= 6xe
x
2
,
so
I =
_
2
0
6xe
x
2
dx =
_
1
2
6e
x
2
_
2
0
.
Consequently,
I = 3(e
4
−1) .
013 10.0 points
Determine if the sequence {a
n
} converges,
and if it does, find its limit when
a
n
=
8n + (−1)
n
2n + 2
.
1. converges with limit =
7
2
2. sequence does not converge
3. converges with limit = 4 correct
4. converges with limit = 2
5. converges with limit =
9
2
Explanation:
After division by n we see that
a
n
=
8 +
(−1)
n
n
2 +
2
n
.
But
(−1)
n
n
,
2
n
−→ 0
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 7
as n → ∞, so a
n
→ 4 as n → ∞. Conse-
quently, the sequence converges and has
limit = 4 .
014 10.0 points
Determine whether the sequence {a
n
} con-
verges or diverges when
a
n
=
2
n
7
n−1
,
and if it converges, find the limit.
1. converges with limit = 0 correct
2. converges with limit = 2
3. converges with limit = 1
4. diverges
5. converges with limit = 7
Explanation:
After simplification
2
n
7
n−1
= 7
_
2
7
_
n
.
But the sequence {r
n
}
(a) converges with limit 0 when |r| < 1,
(b) and diverges for all |r| ≥ 1.
Consequently, the given sequence {a
n
}
converges with limit = 0 .
015 10.0 points
Determine if the sequence {a
n
} converges
when
a
n
=
(2n + 1)!
8n
2
(2n −1)!
,
and if it converges, find the limit.
1. does not converge
2. converges with limit = 4
3. converges with limit =
1
2
correct
4. converges with limit = 2
5. converges with limit =
1
4
Explanation:
By definition, m! is the product
m! = 1 · 2 · 3 · . . . · m
of the first m positive integers. When m =
2n −1, therefore,
(2n −1)! = 1 · 2 · 3 · . . . · (2n −1) ,
while
(2n+1)! = 1 · 2 · 3 · . . . · (2n−1)2n(2n+1) .
when m = 2n + 1. But then,
(2n + 1)!
8n
2
(2n −1)!
=
2n(2n + 1)
8n
2
−→
1
2
as n → ∞. Consequently, the given sequence
converges with limit =
1
2
.
016 10.0 points
Determine whether the infinite series

n=1
ln
_
4n
2n + 5
_
is convergent or divergent, and if convergent,
find its sum.
1. converges with sum = ln
_
1
2
_
2. diverges correct
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 8
3. converges with sum = ln
_
7
4
_
4. converges with sum = ln
_
4
7
_
5. converges with sum = ln (2)
Explanation:
An infinite series

a
n
diverges when
lim
n→∞
a
n
= 0 .
For the given series
a
n
= ln
_
4n
2n + 5
_
.
But
lim
n→∞
_
4n
2n + 5
_
= lim
n→∞
_
4
2 +
5
n
_
= 2 ,
so
lim
n→∞
ln
_
4n
2n + 5
_
= ln 2 = 0 .
Consequently, the given infinite series
diverges .
017 10.0 points
Find all values of x for which the series

n=0
(3x + 5)
n
4
n
converges.
1. converges only on
_
−3, 3
_
2. converges only on
_
1
3
, −
1
3
_
3. converges only on
_
−3, −
1
3
_
correct
4. converges only on
_

5
3
,
5
3
_
5. converges only on
_
1
3
, 3
_
Explanation:
A geometric series


n=0
ar
n
(i) converges when |r| < 1, and
(ii) diverges when |r| ≥ 1,
Now for the given series,
a = 1 , r =
3x + 5
4
,
so it converges exactly when
−1 <
3x + 5
4
< 1 .
By solving these inequalities we thus see that
the given series converges only on the interval
_
−3, −
1
3
_
.
018 10.0 points
Determine whether the infinite series

n=1
3
n
−2
n
5
n
converges or diverges, and if it converges, find
its sum.
1. converges with sum =
5
6
correct
2. series diverges
3. converges with sum =
1
4
4. converges with sum =
1
2
5. converges with sum =
2
3
6. converges with sum = 1
Explanation:
Version 024 – L EXAM 2 – guntel – (55200) 9
An infinite geometric series


n=1
a r
n−1
(i) converges when |r| < 1 and has
sum =
a
1 −r
,
while it
(ii) diverges when |r| ≥ 1 .
Now

n=1
3
n
5
n
=

n=1
3
5
_
3
5
_
n−1
is a geometric series with a = r =
3
5
< 1.
Thus it converges with
sum =
3
2
,
while

n=1
2
n
5
n
=

n=1
2
5
_
2
5
_
n−1
is a geometric series with a = r =
2
5
< 1.
Thus it too converges, and it has
sum =
2
3
.
Consequently, being the difference of two con-
vergent series, the given series
converges with sum =
3
2

2
3
=
5
6
.