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You are on page 1of 9

**This print-out should have 17 questions.
**

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices

before answering.

001 10.0 points

A car starts out heading north from Austin

on IH 35. Its velocity t hours after leaving

Austin is given (in miles per hour) by

v(t) = 5 − 3t −

3

10

t

2

What will be the position of the car after 10

hours of driving?

1. 300 miles south of Austin

2. 225 miles south of Austin

3. 200 miles north of Austin

4. 225 miles north of Austin

5. 300 miles north of Austin

6. 275 miles north of Austin

7. 275 miles south of Austin

8. 200 miles south of Austin correct

Explanation:

Since the car leaves Austin at time t = 0,

its position t hours later is the anti-derivative

s(t) =

_

(5 − 3t −

3

10

t

2

) dt, s(0) = 0

of v(t). But

_

(5 − 3t −

3

10

t

2

) dt

= 5t −

3

2

t

2

−

1

10

t

3

+ C .

On the other hand,

s(0) = 0 =⇒ C = 0.

Thus

s(t) = 5t −

3

2

t

2

−

1

10

t

3

.

At t = 10, therefore, s(10) = −200 , the

negative sign indicating that the car is

200 miles south of Austin

after 10 hours of driving.

keywords: velocity, position, deﬁnite integral,

quadratic function

002 10.0 points

The shaded region in

x

y

is enclosed by the graphs of

f(y) = y

2

, g(y) = 3 − 2y .

Find the area of this shaded region.

1. area =

32

3

sq. units correct

2. area = 10 sq. units

3. area =

31

3

sq. units

4. area = 11 sq. units

5. area =

34

3

sq. units

Explanation:

The area of the enclosed region is given by

the integral

I =

_

b

a

{g(y) − f(y)} dy

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 2

where a, b are the y-coordinates of the points

of intersection of the two graphs. Now a, b

are the solutions of the equation f(y) = g(y),

i.e.,

f(y) − g(y) = y

2

+ 2y − 3

= (y + 3)(y − 1) = 0 .

Thus

I =

_

1

−3

_

3 − 2y − y

2

_

dy

=

_

3y − y

2

−

1

3

y

3

_

1

−3

.

Consequently,

area =

32

3

sq. units .

003 10.0 points

Find the volume, V , of the solid obtained

by rotating the region bounded by

y =

3

x

, x = 2, x = 6, y = 0

about the x-axis.

1. V = 3

2. V =

3

2

π

3. V =

3

4

4. V =

3

4

π

5. V = 3π correct

6. V =

3

2

Explanation:

The volume of the solid of revolution ob-

tained by rotating the graph of y = f(x) on

[a, b] about the x-axis is given by

volume = π

_

b

a

f(x)

2

dx .

When

f(x) =

3

x

, a = 2, b = 6 ,

therefore,

V = π

_

6

2

9

x

2

dx .

Consequently,

V = π

_

−

9

x

_

6

2

= 3π .

004 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

6

0

tan

−1

x

6

dx .

1. I = 3 (π − 2)

2. I =

3

2

(π − 2 ln2) correct

3. I = 3 (π − 1)

4. I = −3

5. I = 6

6. I =

3

2

(π + 2 ln2)

Explanation:

Let x = 6 w; then dx = 6 dw while

x = 0 =⇒ w = 0,

x = 6 =⇒ w = 1 .

In this case,

I = 6

_

1

0

tan

−1

wdw ,

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 3

so after integration by parts,

I = 6

_

w tan

−1

w

_

1

0

− 6

_

1

0

w

1 + w

2

dw

= 6

_

w tan

−1

w −

1

2

ln

_

1 + w

2

_

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I = 6

_

π

4

−

1

2

ln 2

_

=

3

2

(π − 2 ln2) .

keywords: integration by parts, inverse trig

function

005 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

π/2

0

(3 cos x + 4 sinx) dx .

1. I = 4

2. I = 5

3. I = 3

4. I = 6

5. I = 7 correct

Explanation:

By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,

I =

_

F(x)

_

π/2

0

= F

_

π

2

_

− F(0)

for any anti-derivative F of

f(x) = 3 cos x + 4 sin x .

Taking

F(x) = 3 sinx − 4 cos x

and using the fact that

cos 0 = sin

π

2

= 1,

sin 0 = cos

π

2

= 0 ,

we thus see that

I = 7 .

006 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

_

e

−4x

+ e

4x

(e

−4x

− e

4x

)

6

dx.

1.

1

20

_

e

−4x

− e

4x

_

5

+ C

2. −

1

24

_

e

−4x

− e

4x

_

5

+ C

3. −

1

5

_

e

−4x

− e

4x

_

−5

+ C

4.

1

20

_

e

−4x

− e

4x

_

−5

+ C correct

5.

1

20

_

e

−4x

+ e

4x

_

−5

+ C

Explanation:

Set u = e

−4x

− e

4x

. Then

du = −4(e

−4x

+ e

4x

) dx,

so

_

e

−4x

+ e

4x

(e

−4x

− e

4x

)

6

dx

= −

1

4

_

1

u

6

du =

1

20 u

5

+ C.

Thus

_

e

−4x

+ e

4x

(e

−4x

− e

4x

)

6

dx

=

1

20

(e

−4x

− e

4x

)

−5

+ C

with C an arbitrary constant.

007 10.0 points

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 4

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

2

√

2

2

x

2

√

x

2

− 1

dx .

1. I =

√

3 +

√

2

2. I = 2(

√

3 +

√

2 )

3. I =

1

2

(

√

3 −

√

2 )

4. I =

√

3 −

√

2 correct

5. I = 2(

√

3 −

√

2 )

6. I =

1

2

(

√

3 +

√

2 )

Explanation:

Set x = sec u. Then

dx = sec utan udu, x

2

− 1 = tan

2

u,

while

x =

√

2 =⇒ u =

π

4

,

x = 2 =⇒ u =

π

3

.

In this case,

I = 2

_

π/3

π/4

sec u tan u

sec

2

u tan u

du

=

_

π/3

π/4

2 cos udu = 2

_

sin u

_

π/3

π/4

.

Consequently,

I =

√

3 −

√

2 .

008 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/2

0

(2 cos

2

x + sin

2

x) dx

1. I =

3

4

π correct

2. I = 3π

3. I =

3

2

4. I =

3

4

5. I = 3

6. I =

3

2

π

Explanation:

Since

cos

2

x =

1

2

(1+cos 2x), sin

2

x =

1

2

(1−cos 2x) ,

we see that

2 cos

2

x + sin

2

x =

1

2

_

3 + cos 2x

_

.

Thus

I =

1

2

_

π

0

_

3 + cos 2x

_

dx

=

1

2

_

3x +

1

2

sin 2x

_

π/2

0

.

Consequently,

I =

3

4

π .

009 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/2

0

(x

2

+ 7) sinx dx .

1. I =

π

2

− 7

2. I = π + 5 correct

3. I =

π

2

+ 7

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 5

4. I = π + 7

5. I = π − 5

6. I =

π

2

+ 5

Explanation:

After integration by parts,

I = −

_

(x

2

+ 7) cos x

_

π/2

0

+

_

π/2

0

cos x

_

d

dx

(x

2

+ 7)

_

dx

= 7 + 2

_

π/2

0

x cos x dx .

To evaluate this last integral we need to inte-

grate by parts once again. For then

_

π/2

0

x cos x dx =

_

x sinx

_

π/2

0

−

_

π/2

0

sin x dx =

π

2

+

_

cos x

_

π/2

0

.

Consequently,

I = π + 5 .

010 10.0 points

Determine the integral

I =

_

1

0

t

3

1 + t

8

dt .

1. I =

1

8

π

2. I =

1

16

π correct

3. I =

1

4

4. I =

1

12

π

5. I =

1

4

π

6. I =

1

16

Explanation:

Since

_

1

1 + x

2

dx = tan

−1

x + C ,

we need to reduce I to this form by changing

t. Indeed, set x = t

4

. Then

dx = 4t

3

dt ,

while

t = 0 =⇒ x = 0

t = 1 =⇒ x = 1 .

In this case

I =

1

4

_

1

0

1

1 + x

2

dx =

_

1

4

tan

−1

x

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

1

16

π .

keywords:

011 10.0 points

Find the value of the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

π/4

0

_

7 sec

4

x − 8 sec

2

x

_

tanx dx .

1. I =

7

4

2. I =

5

4

correct

3. I =

13

4

4. I =

11

4

5. I =

9

4

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 6

Explanation:

Since

d

dx

sec x = sec x tanx,

the substitution u = sec x is suggested. For

then

du = sec x tanx dx,

while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 1,

x =

π

4

=⇒ u =

√

2 .

In this case

I =

_

π/4

0

_

7 sec

3

x − 8 sec x

_

sec x tanx dx

=

_

√

2

1

(7u

3

− 8u) du

=

_

7

4

u

4

− 4u

2

_

√

2

1

.

Consequently,

I =

5

4

.

012 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/3

0

sin x

7 − 6 cos x

dx .

1. I =

1

6

ln 4 correct

2. I =

1

12

ln 4

3. I = ln 4

4. I =

1

6

ln 8

5. I = ln 8

6. I =

1

12

ln 8

Explanation:

Since the integrand is of the form

sin xf(cos x) where

f(cos x) =

1

7 − 6 cos x

,

the substitution

u = 7 − 6 cos x

is suggested (or x = cos u which would do

just as well). For then du = 6 sinx dx, while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 1,

x =

π

3

=⇒ u = 4.

In this case,

I =

1

6

_

4

1

1

u

du =

1

6

_

ln u

_

4

1

.

Consequently,

I =

1

6

ln4 .

013 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

1

0

2x

2

− 3x + 4

x

2

− x − 2

dx .

1. I = 2 + 4 ln2

2. I = 2 − 5 ln2 correct

3. I = 3 + 4 ln2

4. I = 2 − 4 ln2

5. I = 3 − 5 ln2

6. I = 3 + 5 ln2

Explanation:

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 7

By division,

2x

2

− 3x + 4

x

2

− x − 2

=

2(x

2

− x − 2) − x + 8

x

2

− x − 2

= 2 −

x − 8

x

2

− x − 2

.

But by partial fractions,

x − 8

x

2

− x − 2

=

3

x + 1

−

2

x − 2

.

Thus

I =

_

1

0

_

2 −

3

x + 1

+

2

x − 2

_

dx .

Now

_

1

0

3

x + 1

dx =

_

3 ln|x + 1|

_

1

0

,

while

_

1

0

2

x − 2

dx =

_

2 ln|x − 2|

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

_

2x − ln

¸

¸

¸

¸

(x + 1)

3

(x − 2)

2

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

1

0

= 2 − 5 ln2 .

014 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/4

0

4 sec

4

x dx .

1. I = 5

2. I =

17

3

3. I =

16

3

correct

4. I =

14

3

5. I =

13

3

Explanation:

Since

(tanx)

′

= sec

2

x , sec

2

x = 1 + tan

2

x ,

use of the substitution u = tan x is suggested.

For then

du = sec

2

x dx ,

while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 0 ,

x =

π

4

=⇒ u = 1 .

Thus

I = 4

_

π/4

0

(tan

2

x + 1) sec

2

x dx

= 4

_

1

0

(u

2

+ 1) du = 4

_

1

3

u

3

+ u

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

16

3

.

015 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

1/2

−1

2

√

8 − 2x − x

2

dx .

1. I =

1

3

π correct

2. I =

1

2

√

3

3. I =

2

3

√

3

4. I =

1

2

π

5. I =

2

3

π

6. I =

1

3

√

3

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 8

Explanation:

By completing the square we see that

8 − 2 x − x

2

= 9 − (x + 1)

2

,

so

I =

_

1/2

−1

2

_

9 − (x + 1)

2

, dx .

Now set x + 1 = 3 sin u. Then

dx = 3 cos udu,

while

x = −1 =⇒ u = 0,

x =

1

2

=⇒ u =

π

6

.

Thus

I = 2

_

π/6

0

3 cos u

3 cos u

du =

_

2u

_

π/6

0

.

Consequently,

I =

1

3

π .

016 10.0 points

Determine F

′

(x) when

F(x) =

_

√

x

3

2 sint

t

dt .

1. F

′

(x) = −

2 cos(

√

x)

√

x

2. F

′

(x) =

2 sinx

√

x

3. F

′

(x) =

sin x

x

4. F

′

(x) = −

2 cos x

x

5. F

′

(x) =

cos(

√

x)

x

6. F

′

(x) = −

2 cos x

√

x

7. F

′

(x) =

sin(

√

x)

x

correct

8. F

′

(x) = −

sin(

√

x)

√

x

Explanation:

By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

and the Chain Rule,

d

dx

_

_

g(x)

a

f(t) dt

_

= f(g(x))g

′

(x) .

When

F(x) =

_

√

x

3

2 sin t

t

dt ,

therefore,

F

′

(x) =

2 sin(

√

x)

√

x

_

d

dx

√

x

_

.

Consequently,

F

′

(x) =

sin(

√

x)

x

,

since

d

dx

√

x =

1

2

√

x

.

017 10.0 points

The graph of f is shown in the ﬁgure

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

2 4 6 8 10

2

4

6

−2

If

g(x) =

_

x

3

f(t) dt,

for what value of x does g(x) have a maxi-

mum?

nguyen (kdn444) – Review 1 – guntel – (55200) 9

1. x = 8

2. not enough information given

3. x = 9

4. x = 4.5

5. x = 7 correct

6. x = 3

Explanation:

By the Fundamental theorem of calculus, if

g(x) =

_

x

3

f(t) dt,

then g

′

(x) = f(x). Thus the critical points

of g occur at the zeros of f, i.e., at the x-

intercepts of the graph of f. To determine

which of these gives a local maximum of g we

use the sign chart

g

′

+ −

3 7 9

for g

′

. This shows that the maximum value of

g occurs

at x = 7

since the sign of g

′

changes from positive to

negative at x = 7.

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