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001 10.0 points

Use properties of integrals to determine the

value of

I =

_

5

0

f(x) dx

when

_

7

0

f(x) dx = 11,

_

7

5

f(x) dx = 6 .

1. I = 8

2. I = 6

3. I = 7

4. I = 4

5. I = 5 correct

Explanation:

Since

_

7

0

f(x) dx =

_

5

0

f(x) dx +

_

7

5

f(x) dx ,

we see that

I = 11 −6 = 5 .

keywords: deﬁnite integral, conceptual, prop-

erties of integrals,

002 10.0 points

If f and g are continuous functions such

that f(x) ≥ 0 for all x, which of the following

must be true?

I.

_

b

a

f(x) g(x) dx

=

_

_

b

a

f(x) dx

__

_

b

a

g(x) dx

_

II.

_

b

a

_

f (x) + g(x)

_

dx

=

_

b

a

f(x) dx +

_

b

a

g(x) dx

III.

_

b

a

_

f(x) dx =

¸

_

b

a

f(x) dx

1. I and II only

2. II and III only

3. II only correct

4. I only

5. III only

Explanation:

Property II is a special case of the linearity

property of integrals, i.e. “integral of the sum

= sum of the integrals”.

But there is no product rule or square root

rule for integrals. For example, we know that

_

2

0

f(x) dx = 2

when f(x) = 1, because the value of the inte-

gral is the area of a rectangle of height 1 and

base length 2. So when f(x) = g(x) = 1 in I,

_

2

0

f(x)g(x) dx =

_

2

0

1 dx = 2 ,

while

_

_

2

0

f(x) dx

__

_

2

0

g(x) dx

_

= 2 ×2 = 4 .

On the other hand, in III,

_

2

0

_

f(x) dx =

_

2

0

1 dx = 2 ,

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 2

while

¸

_

2

0

f(x) dx =

¸

_

2

0

1 dx =

√

2 .

Consequently,

only II is true .

003 10.0 points

If the graph of f is

which one of the following contains only

graphs of anti-derivatives of f?

1. correct

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Explanation:

If F

1

and F

2

are anti-derivatives of f then

F

1

(x) −F

2

(x) = constant

independently of x; this means that for any

two anti-derivatives of f the graph of one

is just a vertical translation of the graph of

the other. But no horizontal translation of

the graph of an anti-derivative of f will be

the graph of an anti-derivative of f, nor can

a horizontal and vertical translation be the

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 3

graph of an anti-derivative. This rules out

two sets of graphs.

Now in each of the the remaining four ﬁg-

ures the dotted and dashed graphs consist of

vertical translations of the graph whose line-

style is a continuous line. To decide which of

these ﬁgures consists of anti-derivatives of f,

therefore, we have to look more carefully at

the actual graphs. But calculus ensures that

(i) an anti-derivative of f will have a local

extremum at the x-intercepts of f.

This eliminates two more ﬁgures since they

contains graphs whose local extrema occur at

points other than the x-intercepts of f.

(ii) An anti-derivative of f is increasing on

interval where the graph of f lies above the

x-axis, and decreasing where the graph of

f lies below the x-axis.

Consequently, of the two remaining ﬁgures

only

consists entirely of graphs of anti-derivatives

of f.

keywords: antiderivative, graphical, graph,

geometric interpretation

004 10.0 points

A function h has graph

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-6

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

2 4 −2

−2

−4

on (−3, 4). If

f(x) =

_

x

−2

h(t) dt, (x ≥ −2),

which of the following is the graph of f on

(−3, 4)?

1.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

2 4 −2

2

−2

2.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

2 4 −2

2

−2

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 4

3.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

2 4 −2

2

−2

4.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

2 4 −2

2

−2

5.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

2 4 −2

2

−2

6.

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

2 4 −2

2

−2

correct

Explanation:

Since f(x) is deﬁned only for x ≥ −2, there

will be no graph of f on the interval (−3, −2).

This already eliminates two of the possible

graphs. On the other hand,

f(−2) =

_

−2

−2

h(x) dx = 0 ,

eliminating two more graphs. Finally, by the

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, f

′

(x) =

h(x) on (−2, 4), so f(x) will be increasing on

any interval on which h > 0, and decreasing

on any interval on which h < 0. To determine

which of the remaining two possible graphs is

the graph of f we thus have to look at the sign

of h on an interval and the slope of a possible

graph of f on that interval. Consequently, the

only possible graph of f is

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

2 4 −2

2

−2

005 10.0 points

Find the value of

lim

x→4

ln(x

2

−15)

3x −12

.

1. limit =

10

3

2. limit does not exist

3. limit =

8

3

correct

4. limit =

2

3

5. limit =

4

3

6. limit = 3

Explanation:

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 5

The limit in question is of the form

lim

x →4

f(x)

g(x)

where f, g are diﬀerentiable functions and

lim

x →4

f(x) = 0, lim

x →4

g(x) = 0.

L’Hospital’s Rule can thus be applied:

lim

x →4

f(x)

g(x)

= lim

x→4

f

′

(x)

g

′

(x)

.

Now

f

′

(x) =

2x

x

2

−15

, g

′

(x) = 3.

In this case, therefore,

lim

x→4

ln(x

2

−15)

3x −12

=

8

3

.

006 10.0 points

The shaded region in

x

y

is enclosed by the graphs of

f(y) = y

2

, g(y) = 2 + y .

Find the area of this shaded region.

1. area =

25

6

sq. units

2. area =

7

2

sq. units

3. area =

9

2

sq. units correct

4. area =

23

6

sq. units

5. area =

19

6

sq. units

Explanation:

The area of the enclosed region is given by

the integral

I =

_

b

a

{g(y) −f(y)} dy

where a, b are the y-coordinates of the points

of intersection of the two graphs. Now a, b

are the solutions of the equation f(y) = g(y),

i.e.,

f(y) −g(y) = y

2

−y −2

= (y + 1)(y −2) = 0 .

Thus

I =

_

2

−1

_

2 + y −y

2

_

dy

=

_

2y +

1

2

y

2

−

1

3

y

3

_

2

−1

.

Consequently,

area =

9

2

sq. units .

007 10.0 points

The shaded region in

x

y

is bounded by the x-axis and the graphs of

f(x) =

3 lnx

x

, x = e ,

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 6

(not drawn to scale). Find the area of this

region.

1. area =

3

2

sq. units correct

2. area =

1

2

sq. units

3. area = 1 sq. units

4. area =

5

2

sq. units

5. area = 2 sq. units

Explanation:

The graph of

f(x) =

3 lnx

x

crosses the x-axis when ln x = 0, i.e., when

x = 1. Thus the shaded region is the set of

points

_

(x, y) : 0 ≤ y ≤

3 lnx

x

, 1 ≤ x ≤ e

_

,

and so has

area =

_

e

1

3 lnx

x

dx .

To evaluate the integral, set u = ln x. Then

du =

1

x

dx ,

while

x = 1 =⇒ u = 0,

x = e =⇒ u = 1 .

In this case,

_

e

1

3 lnx

x

dx =

_

1

0

3udu.

Consequently, the shaded region has

area =

_

3

2

u

2

_

1

0

=

3

2

sq. units .

keywords:

008 10.0 points

Find the volume, V , of the solid obtained

by rotating the region bounded by

y =

1

x

, x = 2, x = 4, y = 0

about the x-axis.

1. V =

1

8

2. V =

1

8

π

3. V =

1

4

4. V =

1

16

5. V =

1

16

π

6. V =

1

4

π correct

Explanation:

The volume of the solid of revolution ob-

tained by rotating the graph of y = f(x) on

[a, b] about the x-axis is given by

volume = π

_

b

a

f(x)

2

dx .

When

f(x) =

1

x

, a = 2, b = 4 ,

therefore,

V = π

_

4

2

1

x

2

dx .

Consequently,

V = π

_

−

1

x

_

4

2

=

1

4

π .

009 10.0 points

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 7

The shaded region in

y

x

is bounded by the graphs of

y =

√

x + 3 , y = 3 , x = 1 ,

(not drawn to scale). Find the volume of the

solid obtained by rotating this shaded region

about the dotted line y = 2.

1. volume =

13

6

π cu. units

2. volume =

7

3

π cu. units

3. volume =

5

3

π cu. units

4. volume =

11

6

π cu. units correct

5. volume = 2π cu. units

Explanation:

When a region

_

(x, y) : g(x) ≤ y ≤ f(x) , a ≤ x ≤ b

_

is rotated about a line y = c to form a ‘hollow

solid’ of revolution, then the volume of this

solid is given by the integral

π

_

b

a

{(f(x) −c)

2

−(g(x) −c)

2

} dx .

In the ﬁgure above,

f(x) =

√

x + 3 , g(x) = 3 , c = 2 ,

where 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. Thus the solid has volume

π

_

1

0

_

(

√

x + 1)

2

−1

_

dx

= π

_

1

0

_

x + 2

√

x

_

dx .

Consequently,

volume = π

_

1

2

x

2

+

4

3

x

3/2

_

1

0

=

11

6

π .

keywords: deﬁnite integral, volume of revolu-

tion, hollow solid, square root function,

010 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

5

0

(|x −3| −x) dx .

1. I = −7

2. I = 7

3. I = 5

4. I = −6 correct

5. I = −5

6. I = 6

Explanation:

Since

|x −3| =

_

3 −x, x < 3,

x −3, x ≥ 3,

it follows that

|x −3| −x =

_

3 −2x, x < 3,

−3, x ≥ 3.

Thus we split the integral I into two parts

I =

_

3

0

(3 −2x) dx −

_

5

3

3 dx = I

1

−I

2

.

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 8

Then

I

1

=

_

3x −x

2

_

3

0

= 0.

Similarly,

I

2

=

_

3x

_

5

3

= 6.

Consequently,

I = −6 .

011 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

9

1

3

√

x(

√

x + 1)

2

dx .

1. I =

3

2

correct

2. I =

9

8

3. I =

13

8

4. I =

11

8

5. I =

5

4

Explanation:

Set u

2

= x. Then 2udu = dx, while

x = 1 =⇒ u = 1

x = 9 =⇒ u = 3 .

In this case,

I = 6

_

3

1

1

(u + 1)

2

du = 6

_

−

1

u + 1

_

3

1

.

Thus

I = −6

_

1

4

−

1

2

_

=

3

2

.

012 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/4

0

(7 sec

2

θ −4 sinθ) dθ.

1. I = 3 −

7

√

2

2. I = 11 −

4

√

2

3. I = 3 +

7

√

2

4. I = 11 +

4

√

2

5. I = 3 +

4

√

2

correct

Explanation:

By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,

I =

_

7 tanθ + 4 cos θ

_

π/4

0

=

_

7 +

4

√

2

_

−4 = 3 +

4

√

2

.

keywords: integral, FTC, trig function

013 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

8

e

ln x

x

2

dx .

1. I =

8

e

−

1

2

_

ln 8 −1

_

2. I =

2

e

−

1

8

_

ln 8 + 1

_

correct

3. I =

2

e

−

1

8

_

ln 8 −1

_

4. I =

8

e

−

1

2

_

ln 8 + 1

_

5. I =

2

e

+

1

8

_

ln 8 + 1

_

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 9

6. I =

8

e

+

1

2

_

ln8 + 1

_

Explanation:

After integration by parts,

I = −

_

1

x

ln x

_

8

e

+

_

8

e

1

x

2

dx .

Thus

I = −

_

1

x

ln x +

1

x

_

8

e

.

Consequently,

I =

2

e

−

1

8

_

ln 8 + 1

_

.

014 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/6

0

cos x

5 + 2 sin x

dx .

1. I = ln

_

6

5

_

2. I =

1

2

ln

_

12

5

_

3. I = ln

_

12

5

_

4. I =

1

4

ln

_

12

5

_

5. I =

1

4

ln

_

6

5

_

6. I =

1

2

ln

_

6

5

_

correct

Explanation:

Since the integrand is of the form

cos xf(sinx) , f(sinx) =

1

5 + 2 sin x

,

this suggests that the substitution

u = 5 + 2 sinx ,

(or u = sin x would do just as well). For then

du = 2 cos x dx

while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 5,

x =

π

6

=⇒ u = 6 .

In this case,

I =

1

2

_

6

5

1

u

du =

1

2

_

ln u

_

6

5

.

Consequently,

I =

1

2

ln

_

6

5

_

.

keywords:

015 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

1

0

(e

x

−2e

−x

)

2

dx .

1. I = e

2

+ 4 + 2e

−2

2. I =

1

2

e

2

−

5

2

+ 2e

−2

3. I = e

2

+ 1 + 2e

−2

4. I = e

2

−1 −2e

−2

5. I =

1

2

e

2

−

5

2

−2e

−2

correct

6. I =

1

2

e

2

+ 4 −2e

−2

Explanation:

After expansion

(e

x

−2e

−x

)

2

= e

2x

−4 + 4e

−2x

,

in which case

I =

_

1

0

_

e

2x

−4 + 4e

−2x

_

dx

=

_

1

2

e

2x

−4x −2e

−2x

_

1

0

.

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 10

Consequently,

I =

1

2

e

2

−

5

2

−2e

−2

.

016 10.0 points

Determine the integral

I =

_

2

0

4

4 + x

2

dx .

1. I =

1

4

π

2. I =

3

8

π

3. I =

1

2

π correct

4. I =

3

4

π

5. I =

5

8

π

Explanation:

Since

d

dx

tan

−1

x =

1

1 + x

2

,

the substitution x = 2u is suggested. For then

dx = 2 du,

while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 0,

x = 2 =⇒ u = 1 .

Thus

I = 2

_

1

0

1

1 + u

2

du.

Consequently.

I =

_

2 tan

−1

u

_

1

0

=

1

2

π .

keywords:

017 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

1

0

x (2x

2

−1)

4

dx .

1. I =

1

20

2. I =

1

10

correct

3. I = 0

4. I =

1

5

5. I = −

1

10

6. I = −

1

20

7. I = −

1

5

Explanation:

Set u = 2x

2

−1. Then du = 4x dx while

x = 0 =⇒ u = −1 ,

x = 1 =⇒ u = 1 .

In this case,

I =

1

4

_

1

−1

u

4

du.

Consequently,

I =

1

4

_

1

5

u

5

_

1

−1

=

1

10

.

018 10.0 points

A car heads north from Austin on IH 35. Its

velocity t hours after leaving Austin is given

in miles per hour by

v(t) = 12 +

10

3

t −t

2

.

Determine how many hours will elapse before

the car is next in Austin.

1. 10 hours later

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 1 – sachse – (56620) 11

2. 11 hours later

3. 8 hours later

4. 9 hours later correct

5. car never returns to Austin

Explanation:

Since the car leaves Austin at time t = 0,

the position of the car t hours later is the

anti-derivative

s(t) =

_

(12 +

10

3

t −t

2

) dt, s(0) = 0

of v(t). But

_

(12 +

10

3

t −t

2

) dt

= 12t +

5

3

t

2

−

1

3

t

3

+ C

= t(t + 4)

_

3 −

1

3

t

_

+ C .

Thus

s(t) = t(t + 4)

_

3 −

1

3

t

_

.

Since the car will be in Austin whenever

s(t) = 0, we see that after departing at t = 0,

the next time it will in Austin will be

9 hours later .

keywords: word problem, integral, polyno-

mial, distance, time taken,

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