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Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 1

This print-out should have 18 questions.
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before answering.
001 10.0 points
If the graph of f is
which one of the following contains only
graphs of anti-derivatives of f?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. cor-
rect
Explanation:
If F
1
and F
2
are anti-derivatives of f then
F
1
(x) −F
2
(x) = constant
independently of x; this means that for any
two anti-derivatives of f the graph of one
is just a vertical translation of the graph of
the other. But no horizontal translation of
the graph of an anti-derivative of f will be
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 2
the graph of an anti-derivative of f, nor can
a horizontal and vertical translation be the
graph of an anti-derivative. This rules out
two sets of graphs.
Now in each of the the remaining four fig-
ures the dotted and dashed graphs consist of
vertical translations of the graph whose line-
style is a continuous line. To decide which of
these figures consists of anti-derivatives of f,
therefore, we have to look more carefully at
the actual graphs. But calculus ensures that
(i) an anti-derivative of f will have a local
extremum at the x-intercepts of f.
This eliminates two more figures since they
contains graphs whose local extrema occur at
points other than the x-intercepts of f.
(ii) An anti-derivative of f is increasing on
interval where the graph of f lies above the
x-axis, and decreasing where the graph of
f lies below the x-axis.
Consequently, of the two remaining figures
only
consists entirely of graphs of anti-derivatives
of f.
keywords: antiderivative, graphical, graph,
geometric interpretation
/* If you use any of these, fix the comment
symbols.
002 10.0 points
For each n the interval [1, 6] is divided into
n subintervals [x
i−1
, x
i
] of equal length ∆x,
and a point x

i
is chosen in [x
i−1
, x
i
].
Express the limit
lim
n→∞
n

i =1
(2x

i
sin x

i
) ∆x
as a definite integral.
1. limit =
_
1
6
2x dx
2. limit =
_
6
1
2 sinx dx
3. limit =
_
1
6
2x sinx dx
4. limit =
_
6
1
2x sinx dx correct
5. limit =
_
1
6
2 sinx dx
6. limit =
_
6
1
2x dx
Explanation:
By definition, the definite integral
I =
_
b
a
f(x) dx
of a continuous function f on an interval [a, b]
is the limit
I = lim
n→∞
n

i =1
f(x

i
) ∆x
of the Riemann sum
n

i =1
f(x

i
) ∆x
formed when [a, b] is divided into n subinter-
vals [x
i−1
, x
i
] of equal length ∆x and x

i
is
some point in [x
i−1
, x
i
].
In the given example,
f(x) = 2x sinx, [a, b] = [1, 6] .
Thus
limit =
_
6
1
2x sinx dx .
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 3
003 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
2
4
(4f(x) −3g(x)) dx
when
_
4
2
f(x) dx = 3 ,
_
4
2
g(x) dx = 1 .
1. I = −7
2. I = −6
3. I = −10
4. I = −8
5. I = −9 correct
Explanation:
Since
_
a
b
F(x) dx = −
_
b
a
F(x) dx
for all a, b and F, we see that
I = −
_
4
2
(4f(x) −3g(x)) dx .
Using the Linearity of Integrals we can then
write
I = −
_
4
_
4
2
f(x) dx −3
_
4
2
g(x) dx
_
.
Consequently,
I = −(12 −3) = −9 .
004 10.0 points
If f is a continuous function such that
_
x
0
f(t) dt =
4x
x
2
+ 7
,
find the value of f(1).
1. f(1) =
7
16
2. f(1) =
25
64
3. f(1) =
13
32
4. f(1) =
27
64
5. f(1) =
3
8
correct
Explanation:
By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,
d
dx
_
_
x
0
f(t) dt
_
= f(x).
So by the Quotient Rule,
f(x) =
d
dx
_
4x
x
2
+ 7
_
=
28 −4x
2
(x
2
+ 7)
2
.
In this case,
f(1) =
3
8
.
keywords: indefinite integral, Fundamental
Theorem Calculus, FTC, function value, Quo-
tient Rule, rational function,
005 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
π/2
0
(3 cos x + 2 sin x) dx .
1. I = 8
2. I = 4
3. I = 5 correct
4. I = 6
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 4
5. I = 7
Explanation:
By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,
I =
_
F(x)
_
π/2
0
= F(
π
2
) −F(0)
for any anti-derivative F of
f(x) = 3 cos x + 2 sin x .
Taking
F(x) = 3 sinx −2 cos x
and using the fact that
cos 0 = sin
π
2
= 1,
sin 0 = cos
π
2
= 0 ,
we thus see that
I = 5 .
006 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
4
2
|x −3| dx.
1. I = −1
2. I = −2
3. I =
3
2
4. I = −
3
2
5. I =
5
2
6. I = 1 correct
7. I = 2
Explanation:
Since
|x −3| =
_
3 −x, x < 3,
x −3, x ≥ 3,
we split the integral I into two parts
I =
_
3
2
(3 −x) dx+
_
4
3
(x−3) dx = I
1
+I
2
.
Then
I
1
=
_
3x −
1
2
x
2
_
3
2
=
1
2
.
Similarly,
I
2
=
_
1
2
x
2
−3x
_
4
3
=
1
2
.
Consequently,
I = 1.
007 10.0 points
Evaluate the integral
I =
_
1
0
5x
4
_
1 −x
2
dx .
1. I = −4
2. I = 2 correct
3. I = 1
4. I = 4
5. I = −2
6. I = −1
Explanation:
Set u = 1 −x
2
; then du = −2x dx, while
x = 0 =⇒ u = 1
x = 1 =⇒ u = 0 .
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 5
Thus
I = 5
_
1
0
(1 −x
2
)
1/4
· x dx
= −
5
2
_
0
1
u
1/4
du =
5
2
_
1
0
u
1/4
du.
Consequently,
I =
5
2
_
4
5
u
5/4
_
1
0
= 2 .
008 10.0 points
Evaluate the integral
I =
_
1
0
3x
5 −2x
2
dx .
1. I =
3
4
ln
5
2
2. I =
3
2
ln
5
2
3. I =
3
2
ln
7
5
4. I = 3 ln
5
3
5. I = 3 ln
7
5
6. I =
3
4
ln
5
3
correct
Explanation:
Set u = 5 −2x
2
; then du = −4x dx while
x = 0 =⇒ u = 5
x = 1 =⇒ u = 3 .
In this case,
I = −
3
4
_
3
5
1
u
du =
3
4
_
5
3
1
u
du
=
3
4
_
ln|u|
_
5
3
.
Consequently,
I =
3
4
(ln 5 −ln 3) =
3
4
ln
5
3
.
009 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
π/2
0
2x cos x dx .
1. I =
1
2
2. I = π
3. I = π −2 correct
4. I = 2π
5. I = −2
6. I = π −1
Explanation:
After integration by parts we see that
I =
_
2x sinx
_
π/2
0

_
π/2
0
2 sinx
d
dx
(x) dx
=
_
2x sinx
_
π/2
0

_
π/2
0
2 sinx dx
= 2
_
x sinx + cos x
_
π/2
0
.
Consequently,
I = π −2 .
010 10.0 points
Determine the integral
I =
_
π/2
0
7 cos θ
1 + sin
2
θ
dθ .
1. I = 2π
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 6
2. I =
3
2
π
3. I =
5
2
π
4. I =
7
4
π correct
5. I =
9
4
π
Explanation:
Since
d

sin θ = cos θ ,
the substitution u = sin θ is suggested. For
then
du = cos θ dθ ,
while
θ = 0 =⇒ u = 0 ,
θ =
π
2
=⇒ u = 1 ,
so that
I = 7
_
1
0
1
1 + u
2
du,
which can now be integrated using the fact
that
d
du
tan
−1
u =
1
1 + u
2
.
Consequently,
I = 7
_
tan
−1
u
_
1
0
=
7
4
π
since
tan
−1
1 =
π
4
.
keywords: definite integral, trig substitution,
inverse tan integral
011 10.0 points
Find the value of y(π) when
dy
dx
= 4e
−4x
+ 4 sin x, y(0) = 5 .
1. y(π) = −e
−4π
+ 14 correct
2. y(π) = 4e
−π
+ 10
3. y(π) = −4e
−π
−10
4. y(π) = 4e
−π
−10
5. y(π) = e
−4π
+ 14
6. y(π) = −e
−4π
−14
Explanation:
If
dy
dx
= 4e
−4x
+ 4 sin x ,
then
y = −e
−4x
−4 cos x + C
with C an arbitrary constant whose value is
determined by the condition y(0) = 5. For
then
y(0) = −5 + C = 5 ,
in which case
y = −e
−4x
−4 cos x + 10 .
Consequently,
y(π) = −e
−4π
+ 14 .
012 10.0 points
Evaluate the integral
I =
_
e
2
e
2
x lnx
dx.
1. I = 2(e
2
−e)
2. I = ln 3
3. I = 2 ln2 correct
4. I = 2
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 7
5. I = 2(ln2 −1)
Explanation:
Since the integrand is of the form
f

(x)
f(x)
, f(x) = ln x
up to a constant, the substitution u = lnx is
suggested. For then
du =
1
x
dx,
while
x = e =⇒ u = 1,
x = e
2
=⇒ u = 2 .
In this case
I = 2
_
2
1
1
u
du = 2
_
lnu
_
2
1
.
Consequently,
I = 2 ln2 .
keywords:
013 10.0 points
Determine the integral
I =
_ 3
2
0
2

9 −x
2
dx .
1. I =
1
3
2. I =
2
3
π
3. I =
1
2
π
4. I =
2
3
5. I =
1
3
π correct
6. I =
1
2
Explanation:
Since
_
1

1 −x
2
dx = sin
−1
x + C ,
we need to reduce I to an integal of this
form by changing the x variable. Indeed, set
x = 3u. Then dx = 3 du while
x = 0 =⇒ u = 0
and
x =
3
2
=⇒ u =
1
2
.
In this case
I = 6
_
1/2
0
1
3

1 −u
2
du
= 2
_
1/2
0
1

1 −u
2
du.
Consequently,
I =
_
2 sin
−1
u
_
1/2
0
=
1
3
π .
keywords:
014 10.0 points
The shaded region in
x
y
is enclosed by the graph of
f(x) = x
2
+ 3x
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 8
and the x-axis. Find its area.
1. area =
4
3
sq.units
2. area =
1
6
sq.units
3. area = −
1
6
sq.units
4. area = −
4
3
sq.units
5. area =
9
2
sq.units correct
6. area = −
9
2
sq.units
Explanation:
Since
x
2
+ 3x = x(x + 3) ,
the graph intersects the x-axis at x = −3, 0
and the graph lies below the x-axis between
these x-intercepts. Thus the shaded region
has
area = −
_
0
−3
(x
2
+ 3x) dx.
But
_
0
−3
(x
2
+ 3x) dx
=
_
1
3
x
3
+
3
2
x
2
_
0
−3
= −
9
2
.
Consequently, the
area =
9
2
sq.units .
015 10.0 points
Find the volume, V , of the solid obtained
by rotating the region bounded by
y = 3x
2
, x = 0, y = 1
about the y-axis.
1. V =
1
6
cu. units
2. V =
1
12
cu. units
3. V =
1
9
cu. units
4. V =
1
6
π cu. units correct
5. V =
1
9
π cu. units
6. V =
1
12
π cu. units
Explanation:
The region rotated about the y-axis is sim-
ilar to the shaded region in
1
y
x
(not drawn to scale). Now the volume of the
solid of revolution generated by revolving the
graph of x = f(y) for a ≤ y ≤ b about the
y-axis is given by
volume = π
_
b
a
f(y)
2
dy .
To apply this we have first to express x as
a function of y since initially y is defined in
terms of x by y = 3x
2
. Thus after taking
square roots we see that
V = π
_
1
0
1
3
y dy = π
_
1
6
y
2
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
V =
1
6
π .
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 9
016 10.0 points
The shaded region in
x
y
is bounded by the lines
y = 2 −x , x = 1 , y = 2 .
Find the volume of the solid obtained by ro-
tating this region around the x-axis.
1. volume =
2
3
cu. units
2. volume =

3
cu. units correct
3. volume =

3
cu. units
4. volume =
5
3
cu. units
5. volume =
4
3
cu. units
6. volume =

3
cu. units
Explanation:
The shaded region consists of the points
_
(x, y) : g(x) ≤ y ≤ f(x) , 0 ≤ x ≤ 1
_
in the plane where
g(x) = 2 −x , f(x) = 2 .
Thus the solid obtained by rotating the region
around the x-axis has
volume = π
_
1
0
(f(x)
2
−g(x)
2
) dx .
But
f(x)
2
−g(x)
2
= 4 −(2 −x)
2
= 4x −x
2
.
On the other hand,
_
1
0
(4x −x
2
) dx =
_
2x
2

1
3
x
3
_
1
0
5
3
.
Consequently, the solid has
volume =

3
.
keywords:
017 10.0 points
A helicopter rises vertically and t seconds
after leaving the ground its velocity is given
in feet per second by
v(t) = 14t +
15
(t + 1)
2
.
How far above the ground will the helicopter
be after 4 seconds?
1. height = 132 feet
2. height = 130 feet
3. height = 124 feet correct
4. height = 126 feet
5. height = 128 feet
Explanation:
The height h of the helicopter after 4 sec-
onds is given by the definite integral
h =
_
4
0
_
14t +
15
(t + 1)
2
_
dt
=
_
7t
2

15
t + 1
_
4
0
.
Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 10
Consequently,
height = 124 feet.
018 10.0 points
Determine if
lim
x→0
e
2x
−1
sin6x
exists, and if it does, find its value.
1. limit =
1
3
correct
2. limit = 0
3. limit = 3
4. limit = −∞
5. limit = ∞
6. none of the other answers
Explanation:
Set
f(x) = e
2x
−1 , g(x) = sin 6x .
Then f and g are differentiable functions such
that
lim
x →0
f(x) = 0 , lim
x →0
g(x) = 0 .
Thus L’Hospital’s Rule can be applied:
lim
x→0
f(x)
g(x)
= lim
x →0
f

(x)
g

(x)
.
But
f

(x) = 2e
2x
, g

(x) = 6 cos 6x ,
and so
lim
x→0
f

(x) = 2 , lim
x →0
g

(x) = 6 .
Consequently, the limit exists and
limit =
1
3
.