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001 10.0 points

If the graph of f is

which one of the following contains only

graphs of anti-derivatives of f?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. cor-

rect

Explanation:

If F

1

and F

2

are anti-derivatives of f then

F

1

(x) −F

2

(x) = constant

independently of x; this means that for any

two anti-derivatives of f the graph of one

is just a vertical translation of the graph of

the other. But no horizontal translation of

the graph of an anti-derivative of f will be

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 2

the graph of an anti-derivative of f, nor can

a horizontal and vertical translation be the

graph of an anti-derivative. This rules out

two sets of graphs.

Now in each of the the remaining four ﬁg-

ures the dotted and dashed graphs consist of

vertical translations of the graph whose line-

style is a continuous line. To decide which of

these ﬁgures consists of anti-derivatives of f,

therefore, we have to look more carefully at

the actual graphs. But calculus ensures that

(i) an anti-derivative of f will have a local

extremum at the x-intercepts of f.

This eliminates two more ﬁgures since they

contains graphs whose local extrema occur at

points other than the x-intercepts of f.

(ii) An anti-derivative of f is increasing on

interval where the graph of f lies above the

x-axis, and decreasing where the graph of

f lies below the x-axis.

Consequently, of the two remaining ﬁgures

only

consists entirely of graphs of anti-derivatives

of f.

keywords: antiderivative, graphical, graph,

geometric interpretation

/* If you use any of these, ﬁx the comment

symbols.

002 10.0 points

For each n the interval [1, 6] is divided into

n subintervals [x

i−1

, x

i

] of equal length ∆x,

and a point x

∗

i

is chosen in [x

i−1

, x

i

].

Express the limit

lim

n→∞

n

i =1

(2x

∗

i

sin x

∗

i

) ∆x

as a deﬁnite integral.

1. limit =

_

1

6

2x dx

2. limit =

_

6

1

2 sinx dx

3. limit =

_

1

6

2x sinx dx

4. limit =

_

6

1

2x sinx dx correct

5. limit =

_

1

6

2 sinx dx

6. limit =

_

6

1

2x dx

Explanation:

By deﬁnition, the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

b

a

f(x) dx

of a continuous function f on an interval [a, b]

is the limit

I = lim

n→∞

n

i =1

f(x

∗

i

) ∆x

of the Riemann sum

n

i =1

f(x

∗

i

) ∆x

formed when [a, b] is divided into n subinter-

vals [x

i−1

, x

i

] of equal length ∆x and x

∗

i

is

some point in [x

i−1

, x

i

].

In the given example,

f(x) = 2x sinx, [a, b] = [1, 6] .

Thus

limit =

_

6

1

2x sinx dx .

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 3

003 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

2

4

(4f(x) −3g(x)) dx

when

_

4

2

f(x) dx = 3 ,

_

4

2

g(x) dx = 1 .

1. I = −7

2. I = −6

3. I = −10

4. I = −8

5. I = −9 correct

Explanation:

Since

_

a

b

F(x) dx = −

_

b

a

F(x) dx

for all a, b and F, we see that

I = −

_

4

2

(4f(x) −3g(x)) dx .

Using the Linearity of Integrals we can then

write

I = −

_

4

_

4

2

f(x) dx −3

_

4

2

g(x) dx

_

.

Consequently,

I = −(12 −3) = −9 .

004 10.0 points

If f is a continuous function such that

_

x

0

f(t) dt =

4x

x

2

+ 7

,

ﬁnd the value of f(1).

1. f(1) =

7

16

2. f(1) =

25

64

3. f(1) =

13

32

4. f(1) =

27

64

5. f(1) =

3

8

correct

Explanation:

By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,

d

dx

_

_

x

0

f(t) dt

_

= f(x).

So by the Quotient Rule,

f(x) =

d

dx

_

4x

x

2

+ 7

_

=

28 −4x

2

(x

2

+ 7)

2

.

In this case,

f(1) =

3

8

.

keywords: indeﬁnite integral, Fundamental

Theorem Calculus, FTC, function value, Quo-

tient Rule, rational function,

005 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

π/2

0

(3 cos x + 2 sin x) dx .

1. I = 8

2. I = 4

3. I = 5 correct

4. I = 6

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 4

5. I = 7

Explanation:

By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,

I =

_

F(x)

_

π/2

0

= F(

π

2

) −F(0)

for any anti-derivative F of

f(x) = 3 cos x + 2 sin x .

Taking

F(x) = 3 sinx −2 cos x

and using the fact that

cos 0 = sin

π

2

= 1,

sin 0 = cos

π

2

= 0 ,

we thus see that

I = 5 .

006 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

4

2

|x −3| dx.

1. I = −1

2. I = −2

3. I =

3

2

4. I = −

3

2

5. I =

5

2

6. I = 1 correct

7. I = 2

Explanation:

Since

|x −3| =

_

3 −x, x < 3,

x −3, x ≥ 3,

we split the integral I into two parts

I =

_

3

2

(3 −x) dx+

_

4

3

(x−3) dx = I

1

+I

2

.

Then

I

1

=

_

3x −

1

2

x

2

_

3

2

=

1

2

.

Similarly,

I

2

=

_

1

2

x

2

−3x

_

4

3

=

1

2

.

Consequently,

I = 1.

007 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

1

0

5x

4

_

1 −x

2

dx .

1. I = −4

2. I = 2 correct

3. I = 1

4. I = 4

5. I = −2

6. I = −1

Explanation:

Set u = 1 −x

2

; then du = −2x dx, while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 1

x = 1 =⇒ u = 0 .

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 5

Thus

I = 5

_

1

0

(1 −x

2

)

1/4

· x dx

= −

5

2

_

0

1

u

1/4

du =

5

2

_

1

0

u

1/4

du.

Consequently,

I =

5

2

_

4

5

u

5/4

_

1

0

= 2 .

008 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

1

0

3x

5 −2x

2

dx .

1. I =

3

4

ln

5

2

2. I =

3

2

ln

5

2

3. I =

3

2

ln

7

5

4. I = 3 ln

5

3

5. I = 3 ln

7

5

6. I =

3

4

ln

5

3

correct

Explanation:

Set u = 5 −2x

2

; then du = −4x dx while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 5

x = 1 =⇒ u = 3 .

In this case,

I = −

3

4

_

3

5

1

u

du =

3

4

_

5

3

1

u

du

=

3

4

_

ln|u|

_

5

3

.

Consequently,

I =

3

4

(ln 5 −ln 3) =

3

4

ln

5

3

.

009 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

π/2

0

2x cos x dx .

1. I =

1

2

2. I = π

3. I = π −2 correct

4. I = 2π

5. I = −2

6. I = π −1

Explanation:

After integration by parts we see that

I =

_

2x sinx

_

π/2

0

−

_

π/2

0

2 sinx

d

dx

(x) dx

=

_

2x sinx

_

π/2

0

−

_

π/2

0

2 sinx dx

= 2

_

x sinx + cos x

_

π/2

0

.

Consequently,

I = π −2 .

010 10.0 points

Determine the integral

I =

_

π/2

0

7 cos θ

1 + sin

2

θ

dθ .

1. I = 2π

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 6

2. I =

3

2

π

3. I =

5

2

π

4. I =

7

4

π correct

5. I =

9

4

π

Explanation:

Since

d

dθ

sin θ = cos θ ,

the substitution u = sin θ is suggested. For

then

du = cos θ dθ ,

while

θ = 0 =⇒ u = 0 ,

θ =

π

2

=⇒ u = 1 ,

so that

I = 7

_

1

0

1

1 + u

2

du,

which can now be integrated using the fact

that

d

du

tan

−1

u =

1

1 + u

2

.

Consequently,

I = 7

_

tan

−1

u

_

1

0

=

7

4

π

since

tan

−1

1 =

π

4

.

keywords: deﬁnite integral, trig substitution,

inverse tan integral

011 10.0 points

Find the value of y(π) when

dy

dx

= 4e

−4x

+ 4 sin x, y(0) = 5 .

1. y(π) = −e

−4π

+ 14 correct

2. y(π) = 4e

−π

+ 10

3. y(π) = −4e

−π

−10

4. y(π) = 4e

−π

−10

5. y(π) = e

−4π

+ 14

6. y(π) = −e

−4π

−14

Explanation:

If

dy

dx

= 4e

−4x

+ 4 sin x ,

then

y = −e

−4x

−4 cos x + C

with C an arbitrary constant whose value is

determined by the condition y(0) = 5. For

then

y(0) = −5 + C = 5 ,

in which case

y = −e

−4x

−4 cos x + 10 .

Consequently,

y(π) = −e

−4π

+ 14 .

012 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

e

2

e

2

x lnx

dx.

1. I = 2(e

2

−e)

2. I = ln 3

3. I = 2 ln2 correct

4. I = 2

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 7

5. I = 2(ln2 −1)

Explanation:

Since the integrand is of the form

f

′

(x)

f(x)

, f(x) = ln x

up to a constant, the substitution u = lnx is

suggested. For then

du =

1

x

dx,

while

x = e =⇒ u = 1,

x = e

2

=⇒ u = 2 .

In this case

I = 2

_

2

1

1

u

du = 2

_

lnu

_

2

1

.

Consequently,

I = 2 ln2 .

keywords:

013 10.0 points

Determine the integral

I =

_ 3

2

0

2

√

9 −x

2

dx .

1. I =

1

3

2. I =

2

3

π

3. I =

1

2

π

4. I =

2

3

5. I =

1

3

π correct

6. I =

1

2

Explanation:

Since

_

1

√

1 −x

2

dx = sin

−1

x + C ,

we need to reduce I to an integal of this

form by changing the x variable. Indeed, set

x = 3u. Then dx = 3 du while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 0

and

x =

3

2

=⇒ u =

1

2

.

In this case

I = 6

_

1/2

0

1

3

√

1 −u

2

du

= 2

_

1/2

0

1

√

1 −u

2

du.

Consequently,

I =

_

2 sin

−1

u

_

1/2

0

=

1

3

π .

keywords:

014 10.0 points

The shaded region in

x

y

is enclosed by the graph of

f(x) = x

2

+ 3x

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 8

and the x-axis. Find its area.

1. area =

4

3

sq.units

2. area =

1

6

sq.units

3. area = −

1

6

sq.units

4. area = −

4

3

sq.units

5. area =

9

2

sq.units correct

6. area = −

9

2

sq.units

Explanation:

Since

x

2

+ 3x = x(x + 3) ,

the graph intersects the x-axis at x = −3, 0

and the graph lies below the x-axis between

these x-intercepts. Thus the shaded region

has

area = −

_

0

−3

(x

2

+ 3x) dx.

But

_

0

−3

(x

2

+ 3x) dx

=

_

1

3

x

3

+

3

2

x

2

_

0

−3

= −

9

2

.

Consequently, the

area =

9

2

sq.units .

015 10.0 points

Find the volume, V , of the solid obtained

by rotating the region bounded by

y = 3x

2

, x = 0, y = 1

about the y-axis.

1. V =

1

6

cu. units

2. V =

1

12

cu. units

3. V =

1

9

cu. units

4. V =

1

6

π cu. units correct

5. V =

1

9

π cu. units

6. V =

1

12

π cu. units

Explanation:

The region rotated about the y-axis is sim-

ilar to the shaded region in

1

y

x

(not drawn to scale). Now the volume of the

solid of revolution generated by revolving the

graph of x = f(y) for a ≤ y ≤ b about the

y-axis is given by

volume = π

_

b

a

f(y)

2

dy .

To apply this we have ﬁrst to express x as

a function of y since initially y is deﬁned in

terms of x by y = 3x

2

. Thus after taking

square roots we see that

V = π

_

1

0

1

3

y dy = π

_

1

6

y

2

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

V =

1

6

π .

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 9

016 10.0 points

The shaded region in

x

y

is bounded by the lines

y = 2 −x , x = 1 , y = 2 .

Find the volume of the solid obtained by ro-

tating this region around the x-axis.

1. volume =

2

3

cu. units

2. volume =

5π

3

cu. units correct

3. volume =

4π

3

cu. units

4. volume =

5

3

cu. units

5. volume =

4

3

cu. units

6. volume =

2π

3

cu. units

Explanation:

The shaded region consists of the points

_

(x, y) : g(x) ≤ y ≤ f(x) , 0 ≤ x ≤ 1

_

in the plane where

g(x) = 2 −x , f(x) = 2 .

Thus the solid obtained by rotating the region

around the x-axis has

volume = π

_

1

0

(f(x)

2

−g(x)

2

) dx .

But

f(x)

2

−g(x)

2

= 4 −(2 −x)

2

= 4x −x

2

.

On the other hand,

_

1

0

(4x −x

2

) dx =

_

2x

2

−

1

3

x

3

_

1

0

5

3

.

Consequently, the solid has

volume =

5π

3

.

keywords:

017 10.0 points

A helicopter rises vertically and t seconds

after leaving the ground its velocity is given

in feet per second by

v(t) = 14t +

15

(t + 1)

2

.

How far above the ground will the helicopter

be after 4 seconds?

1. height = 132 feet

2. height = 130 feet

3. height = 124 feet correct

4. height = 126 feet

5. height = 128 feet

Explanation:

The height h of the helicopter after 4 sec-

onds is given by the deﬁnite integral

h =

_

4

0

_

14t +

15

(t + 1)

2

_

dt

=

_

7t

2

−

15

t + 1

_

4

0

.

Version 076 – EXAM 1 – sachse – (56620) 10

Consequently,

height = 124 feet.

018 10.0 points

Determine if

lim

x→0

e

2x

−1

sin6x

exists, and if it does, ﬁnd its value.

1. limit =

1

3

correct

2. limit = 0

3. limit = 3

4. limit = −∞

5. limit = ∞

6. none of the other answers

Explanation:

Set

f(x) = e

2x

−1 , g(x) = sin 6x .

Then f and g are diﬀerentiable functions such

that

lim

x →0

f(x) = 0 , lim

x →0

g(x) = 0 .

Thus L’Hospital’s Rule can be applied:

lim

x→0

f(x)

g(x)

= lim

x →0

f

′

(x)

g

′

(x)

.

But

f

′

(x) = 2e

2x

, g

′

(x) = 6 cos 6x ,

and so

lim

x→0

f

′

(x) = 2 , lim

x →0

g

′

(x) = 6 .

Consequently, the limit exists and

limit =

1

3

.

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