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You are on page 1of 8

**This print-out should have 16 questions.
**

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices

before answering.

001 10.0 points

Find the slope in the x-direction at the

point P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on the graph of f when

f(x, y) = 2(2x + y)e

−xy

.

1. slope = −4 correct

2. slope = −6

3. slope = −2

4. slope = 0

5. slope = 2

Explanation:

The graph of f is a surface in 3-space

and the slope in the x-direction at the point

P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on that surface is the value of

the partial derivative f

x

at (0, 2). Now

f

x

= 4e

−xy

−2(2xy + y

2

)e

−xy

.

Consequently, at P(0, 2, f(0, 2))

slope = −4 .

002 10.0 points

Determine the second partial f

xy

of f when

f(x, y) =

4x

2

y

+

y

2

10x

.

1. f

xy

=

8x

y

2

+

y

5x

2

2. f

xy

= 8x −y

3. f

xy

=

8x

y

2

−

y

5x

2

4. f

xy

= −

8x

y

2

−

y

5x

2

correct

5. f

xy

= 8x + y

Explanation:

Diﬀerentiating with respect to x, we obtain

f

x

=

8x

y

−

y

2

10x

2

,

and so after diﬀerentiation with respect to y

we see that

f

xy

= −

8x

y

2

−

y

5x

2

.

003 10.0 points

Determine the value of the double integral

I =

_ _

A

3xy

2

9 + x

2

dA

over the rectangle

A =

_

(x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 4, −2 ≤ y ≤ 2

_

,

integrating ﬁrst with respect to y.

1. I = 4 ln

_

25

18

_

2. I = 8 ln

_

25

18

_

3. I = 8 ln

_

9

25

_

4. I = 4 ln

_

25

9

_

5. I = 8 ln

_

25

9

_

correct

6. I = 4 ln

_

9

25

_

Explanation:

The double integral over the rectangle A

can be represented as the iterated integral

I =

_

4

0

__

2

−2

3xy

2

9 + x

2

dy

_

dx ,

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 2

integrating ﬁrst with respect to y. Now after

integration with respect to y with x ﬁxed, we

see that

_

2

−2

3xy

2

9 + x

2

dy =

_

xy

3

9 + x

2

_

2

−2

=

16x

9 + x

2

.

But

_

4

0

16x

9 + x

2

dx =

_

8 ln(9 + x

2

)

_

4

0

.

Consequently,

I = 8 ln

_

25

9

_

.

004 10.0 points

Find the value of the double integral

I =

_ _

A

(8x −y) dxdy

when A is the region

_

(x, y) : y ≤ x ≤

√

y, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1

_

.

1. I =

7

10

2. I =

9

10

3. I =

3

5

correct

4. I =

4

5

5. I = 1

Explanation:

The integral can be written as the repeated

integral

I =

_

1

0

_

_

√

y

y

(8x −y) dx

_

dy.

Now

_

√

y

y

(8x −y) dx =

_

4x

2

−xy

_

√

y

y

= 4y −y

3/2

−3y

2

.

But then

I =

_

1

0

(4y −y

3/2

−3y

2

) dx

=

_

2y

2

−

2

5

y

5/2

−y

3

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

3

5

.

005 10.0 points

Evaluate the double integral

I =

_

2

0

_

2

y

6e

x

2

dxdy

by reversing the order of integration.

1. I = 6(e

4

−1)

2. I =

1

2

e

4

3. I = 3e

4

4. I = 6(e

4

+ 1)

5. I = 3(e

4

−1) correct

6. I = 3(e

4

+ 1)

Explanation:

The region of integration is the shaded tri-

angle

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 3

formed by the lines x = 2, y = x and y = 0.

Integrating ﬁrst with respect to x means inte-

grating along the darkened segment of the line

y = a, 0 ≤ a ≤ 2, lying inside this triangle,

and then letting a range from 0 to 2.

Reversing the order of integration means

integrating with respect y along the darkened

segment of the line x = b, 0 ≤ b ≤ 2, lying

inside this triangle, and then letting b range

from 0 to 2. This gives a repeated integral

I =

_

2

0

__

x

0

6e

x

2

dy

_

dx.

But then after integration the inner integral

becomes

_

6ye

x

2

_

x

0

= 6xe

x

2

,

so

I =

_

2

0

6xe

x

2

dx =

_

1

2

6e

x

2

_

2

0

.

Consequently,

I = 3(e

4

−1) .

006 10.0 points

What method would you use to determine

an anti-derivative of

f(x) =

1

√

4x −x

2

−3

?

1. integration by parts

2. completion of square, sin-substitution

correct

3. u

−r

-integral

4. double angle formula

5. completion of square, tan-substitution

6. partial fractions

Explanation:

We have to compute the indeﬁnite integral

I =

_

1

√

4x −x

2

−3

dx .

Now, after completion of the square,

x

2

−4x + 3 = (x −2)

2

−1 ,

in which case

I =

_

1

_

1 −(x −2)

2

dx .

As the denominator has the form

_

1 −(.)

2

,

use of a sin-substitution is suggested: set x −

2 = sin u. For then

dx = cos udu, 1 −(x −2)

2

= cos

2

u,

and

I =

_

cos u

cos u

du =

_

du.

Consequently, the method of

completion of square, sin-substitution

can be used producing an anti-derivative

F(x) = sin

−1

(x −2) .

007 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

1

0

5xe

3x

dx.

1. I =

5

3

_

3e

3

+ 1

_

2. I =

5

3

_

2e

3

+ 1

_

3. I =

5

3

e

3

4. I =

5

9

_

2e

3

+ 1

_

correct

5. I =

5

9

_

3e

3

+ 1

_

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 4

6. I =

5

9

e

3

Explanation:

After integration by parts,

I =

_

5

3

xe

3x

_

1

0

−

5

3

_

1

0

e

3x

dx

=

_

5

3

xe

3x

−

5

9

e

3x

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

5

9

_

2e

3

+ 1

_

.

008 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

π/4

0

3 sec

4

x dx .

1. I = 4 correct

2. I =

11

3

3. I =

10

3

4. I =

8

3

5. I = 3

Explanation:

Since

(tanx)

′

= sec

2

x , sec

2

x = 1 + tan

2

x ,

use of the substitution u = tanx is suggested.

For then

du = sec

2

x dx ,

while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 0 ,

x =

π

4

=⇒ u = 1 .

Thus

I = 3

_

π/4

0

(tan

2

x + 1) sec

2

x dx

= 3

_

1

0

(u

2

+ 1) du = 3

_

1

3

u

3

+ u

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I = 4 .

009 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

π/3

0

sec x tanx

5 −sec x

dx .

1. I = −ln 2

2. I = ln 2

3. I = ln

7

6

4. I = ln

4

3

correct

5. I = −ln

4

3

6. I = −ln

7

6

Explanation:

Since

d

dx

(sec x) = sec x tanx ,

use of the substitution

u = 5 −sec x

is suggested. For then

du = − sec x tanxdx ,

while

x = 0 =⇒ u = 4 ,

x =

π

3

=⇒ u = 3 .

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 5

Thus

I = −

_

3

4

1

u

du =

_

4

3

1

u

du.

Consequently,

I =

_

ln u

_

4

3

= ln

4

3

.

010 10.0 points

Find the volume, V , of the solid obtained

by rotating the graph of

y = sin x

between x = 0 and x = π/2 about the x-axis.

1. V =

1

2

π

2. V =

1

4

π

2

correct

3. V =

1

2

π

2

4. V =

1

8

π

5. V =

1

8

π

2

6. V =

1

4

π

Explanation:

The volume of the solid obtained by rotat-

ing the graph of y = sin x between x = 0 and

x = π/2 about the axis is given by

V = π

_

π/2

0

sin

2

x dx .

But

sin

2

x =

1

2

_

1 −cos 2x

_

,

in which case

V =

1

2

π

_

π/2

0

_

1 −cos 2x

_

dx

=

1

2

π

_

x −

1

2

sin 2x

_

π/2

0

.

Consequently,

V =

1

4

π

2

.

011 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

1

0

x

2

−2x + 6

x

2

−x −2

dx .

1. I = 2 + 5 ln2

2. I = 1 + 4 ln2

3. I = 1 −5 ln2 correct

4. I = 1 −4 ln2

5. I = 2 + 4 ln2

6. I = 2 −5 ln2

Explanation:

By division,

x

2

−2x + 6

x

2

−x −2

=

(x

2

−x −2) −x + 8

x

2

−x −2

= 1 −

x −8

x

2

−x −2

.

But by partial fractions,

x −8

x

2

−x −2

=

3

x + 1

−

2

x −2

.

Thus

I =

_

1

0

_

1 −

3

x + 1

+

2

x −2

_

dx .

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 6

Now

_

1

0

3

x + 1

dx =

_

3 ln|x + 1|

_

1

0

,

while

_

1

0

2

x −2

dx =

_

2 ln|x −2|

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I =

_

x −ln

¸

¸

¸

¸

(x + 1)

3

(x −2)

2

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

1

0

= 1 −5 ln2 .

012 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

1

0

2x

3

√

x

2

+ 1

dx .

1. I =

2

3

2. I =

4

3

(2 −

√

2)

3. I =

8

3

(2 −

√

2)

4. I =

8

3

5. I =

4

3

6. I =

2

3

_

2 −

√

2

_

correct

Explanation:

Set x = tanθ. Then

dx = sec

2

θ dθ , x

2

+ 1 = sec

2

θ ,

while

x = 0 =⇒ θ = 0,

x = 1 =⇒ θ =

π

4

.

In this case

I =

_

π/4

0

2 tan

3

θ sec

2

θ

sec θ

dθ

=

_

π/4

0

2 tan

3

θ sec θ dθ

=

_

π/4

0

2 tan

2

θ(sec θ tan θ) dθ .

But

tan

2

θ = sec

2

θ −1, d sec θ = sec θ tanθ dθ .

Thus

I = 2

_

sec

3

θ

3

−sec θ

_

π/4

0

= 2

__

2

√

2

3

−

√

2

_

−

_

1

3

−1

__

.

Consequently,

I =

2

3

_

2 −

√

2

_

.

013 10.0 points

Evaluate the deﬁnite integral

I =

_

4

0

tan

−1

x

4

dx .

1. I = π −2 ln2 correct

2. I = 2 (π −1)

3. I = −2

4. I = 2 (π −2)

5. I = 4

6. I = π + 2 ln2

Explanation:

Let x = 4 w; then dx = 4 dw while

x = 0 =⇒ w = 0,

x = 4 =⇒ w = 1 .

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 7

In this case,

I = 4

_

1

0

tan

−1

wdw,

so after integration by parts,

I = 4

_

w tan

−1

w

_

1

0

−4

_

1

0

w

1 + w

2

dw

= 4

_

w tan

−1

w −

1

2

ln

_

1 + w

2

_

_

1

0

.

Consequently,

I = 4

_

π

4

−

1

2

ln 2

_

= π −2 ln2 .

keywords: integration by parts, inverse trig

function

014 10.0 points

Evaluate the integral

I =

_

ln 3

ln 2

6

e

x

−e

−x

dx .

1. I = 3 ln

3

2

correct

2. I = 3 ln

4

3

3. I = 2 ln

4

3

4. I = 2 ln

3

2

5. I = 3 ln2

6. I = 2 ln2

Explanation:

Set u = e

x

. Then du = e

x

dx, so

dx =

1

e

x

du =

1

u

du,

while

x = ln2 =⇒ u = 2 ,

x = ln 3 =⇒ u = 3 .

Thus

I =

_

3

2

6

u

_

1

u −1/u

_

du =

_

3

2

6

u

2

−1

du.

To evaluate this last integral we use partial

fractions. For then

1

u

2

−1

=

1

2

_

1

u −1

−

1

u + 1

_

.

Thus

I = 3

_

3

2

_

1

u −1

−

1

u + 1

_

du = 3

_

ln

¸

¸

¸

u −1

u + 1

¸

¸

¸

_

3

2

.

Consequently,

I = 3 ln

3

2

.

015 10.0 points

Determine if the improper integral

I =

_

1

0

ln4x

√

x

dx

is convergent or divergent, and if convergent,

ﬁnd its value.

1. I is divergent

2. I = 4(ln 4 + 1)

3. I = 4(ln 4 −1)

4. I = (ln 4 −2)

5. I = 2(ln 4 −2) correct

6. I = 2(ln 4 + 2)

7. I = (ln 4 + 1)

Explanation:

dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 8

The integral is improper because the inte-

grand has a vertical asymptote at x = 0, and

so is not bounded on [0, 1]. Thus

I = lim

t →0+

_

1

t

ln 4x

√

x

dx .

To evaluate the integral

I

t

=

_

1

t

ln 4x

√

x

dx

we use Integration by Parts. For then

I

t

= 2

__

√

x ln 4x

_

1

t

−

_

1

t

√

x

x

dx

_

= 2

__

√

x ln 4x

_

1

t

−

_

1

t

1

√

x

dx

_

= 2

_

√

x ln4x −2

√

x

_

1

t

.

Thus

I

t

= 2(ln 4 −2) −2(

√

t ln4t −2

√

t) .

But by L’Hospital’s Rule,

lim

t →0+

√

t ln 4t = 0 .

Consequently,

I = 2(ln4 −2) .

016 10.0 points

Determine if the integral

I =

_

∞

4

8x

_

(x

2

+ 9)

3

dx

is convergent or divergent, and if it is conver-

gent, ﬁnd its value.

1. I =

9

5

2. I =

7

5

3. I is divergent

4. I =

8

5

correct

5. I =

3

2

6. I =

17

10

Explanation:

The integral is improper because of the in-

ﬁnite range of integration, so

I = lim

t →∞

_

t

4

8x

_

(x

2

+ 9)

3

dx .

To evaluate this last integral, set u = x

2

+ 9.

Then

du = 2x dx ,

in which case

_

8x

_

(x

2

+ 9)

3

dx =

1

2

_

8

u

3/2

du.

Thus

_

t

4

8x

_

(x

2

+ 9)

3

dx

=

_

−

8

√

x

2

+ 9

_

t

4

= −

8

√

t

2

+ 9

+

8

5

.

On the other hand,

lim

t →∞

8

√

t

2

+ 9

= 0 .

Consequently,

I = lim

t →∞

_

−

8

√

t

2

+ 9

+

8

5

_

=

8

5

.

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