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dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 1

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Multiple-choice questions may continue on
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before answering.
001 10.0 points
Find the slope in the x-direction at the
point P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on the graph of f when
f(x, y) = 2(2x + y)e
−xy
.
1. slope = −4 correct
2. slope = −6
3. slope = −2
4. slope = 0
5. slope = 2
Explanation:
The graph of f is a surface in 3-space
and the slope in the x-direction at the point
P(0, 2, f(0, 2)) on that surface is the value of
the partial derivative f
x
at (0, 2). Now
f
x
= 4e
−xy
−2(2xy + y
2
)e
−xy
.
Consequently, at P(0, 2, f(0, 2))
slope = −4 .
002 10.0 points
Determine the second partial f
xy
of f when
f(x, y) =
4x
2
y
+
y
2
10x
.
1. f
xy
=
8x
y
2
+
y
5x
2
2. f
xy
= 8x −y
3. f
xy
=
8x
y
2

y
5x
2
4. f
xy
= −
8x
y
2

y
5x
2
correct
5. f
xy
= 8x + y
Explanation:
Differentiating with respect to x, we obtain
f
x
=
8x
y

y
2
10x
2
,
and so after differentiation with respect to y
we see that
f
xy
= −
8x
y
2

y
5x
2
.
003 10.0 points
Determine the value of the double integral
I =
_ _
A
3xy
2
9 + x
2
dA
over the rectangle
A =
_
(x, y) : 0 ≤ x ≤ 4, −2 ≤ y ≤ 2
_
,
integrating first with respect to y.
1. I = 4 ln
_
25
18
_
2. I = 8 ln
_
25
18
_
3. I = 8 ln
_
9
25
_
4. I = 4 ln
_
25
9
_
5. I = 8 ln
_
25
9
_
correct
6. I = 4 ln
_
9
25
_
Explanation:
The double integral over the rectangle A
can be represented as the iterated integral
I =
_
4
0
__
2
−2
3xy
2
9 + x
2
dy
_
dx ,
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 2
integrating first with respect to y. Now after
integration with respect to y with x fixed, we
see that
_
2
−2
3xy
2
9 + x
2
dy =
_
xy
3
9 + x
2
_
2
−2
=
16x
9 + x
2
.
But
_
4
0
16x
9 + x
2
dx =
_
8 ln(9 + x
2
)
_
4
0
.
Consequently,
I = 8 ln
_
25
9
_
.
004 10.0 points
Find the value of the double integral
I =
_ _
A
(8x −y) dxdy
when A is the region
_
(x, y) : y ≤ x ≤

y, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1
_
.
1. I =
7
10
2. I =
9
10
3. I =
3
5
correct
4. I =
4
5
5. I = 1
Explanation:
The integral can be written as the repeated
integral
I =
_
1
0
_
_

y
y
(8x −y) dx
_
dy.
Now
_

y
y
(8x −y) dx =
_
4x
2
−xy
_

y
y
= 4y −y
3/2
−3y
2
.
But then
I =
_
1
0
(4y −y
3/2
−3y
2
) dx
=
_
2y
2

2
5
y
5/2
−y
3
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
I =
3
5
.
005 10.0 points
Evaluate the double integral
I =
_
2
0
_
2
y
6e
x
2
dxdy
by reversing the order of integration.
1. I = 6(e
4
−1)
2. I =
1
2
e
4
3. I = 3e
4
4. I = 6(e
4
+ 1)
5. I = 3(e
4
−1) correct
6. I = 3(e
4
+ 1)
Explanation:
The region of integration is the shaded tri-
angle
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 3
formed by the lines x = 2, y = x and y = 0.
Integrating first with respect to x means inte-
grating along the darkened segment of the line
y = a, 0 ≤ a ≤ 2, lying inside this triangle,
and then letting a range from 0 to 2.
Reversing the order of integration means
integrating with respect y along the darkened
segment of the line x = b, 0 ≤ b ≤ 2, lying
inside this triangle, and then letting b range
from 0 to 2. This gives a repeated integral
I =
_
2
0
__
x
0
6e
x
2
dy
_
dx.
But then after integration the inner integral
becomes
_
6ye
x
2
_
x
0
= 6xe
x
2
,
so
I =
_
2
0
6xe
x
2
dx =
_
1
2
6e
x
2
_
2
0
.
Consequently,
I = 3(e
4
−1) .
006 10.0 points
What method would you use to determine
an anti-derivative of
f(x) =
1

4x −x
2
−3
?
1. integration by parts
2. completion of square, sin-substitution
correct
3. u
−r
-integral
4. double angle formula
5. completion of square, tan-substitution
6. partial fractions
Explanation:
We have to compute the indefinite integral
I =
_
1

4x −x
2
−3
dx .
Now, after completion of the square,
x
2
−4x + 3 = (x −2)
2
−1 ,
in which case
I =
_
1
_
1 −(x −2)
2
dx .
As the denominator has the form
_
1 −(.)
2
,
use of a sin-substitution is suggested: set x −
2 = sin u. For then
dx = cos udu, 1 −(x −2)
2
= cos
2
u,
and
I =
_
cos u
cos u
du =
_
du.
Consequently, the method of
completion of square, sin-substitution
can be used producing an anti-derivative
F(x) = sin
−1
(x −2) .
007 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
1
0
5xe
3x
dx.
1. I =
5
3
_
3e
3
+ 1
_
2. I =
5
3
_
2e
3
+ 1
_
3. I =
5
3
e
3
4. I =
5
9
_
2e
3
+ 1
_
correct
5. I =
5
9
_
3e
3
+ 1
_
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 4
6. I =
5
9
e
3
Explanation:
After integration by parts,
I =
_
5
3
xe
3x
_
1
0

5
3
_
1
0
e
3x
dx
=
_
5
3
xe
3x

5
9
e
3x
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
I =
5
9
_
2e
3
+ 1
_
.
008 10.0 points
Evaluate the integral
I =
_
π/4
0
3 sec
4
x dx .
1. I = 4 correct
2. I =
11
3
3. I =
10
3
4. I =
8
3
5. I = 3
Explanation:
Since
(tanx)

= sec
2
x , sec
2
x = 1 + tan
2
x ,
use of the substitution u = tanx is suggested.
For then
du = sec
2
x dx ,
while
x = 0 =⇒ u = 0 ,
x =
π
4
=⇒ u = 1 .
Thus
I = 3
_
π/4
0
(tan
2
x + 1) sec
2
x dx
= 3
_
1
0
(u
2
+ 1) du = 3
_
1
3
u
3
+ u
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
I = 4 .
009 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
π/3
0
sec x tanx
5 −sec x
dx .
1. I = −ln 2
2. I = ln 2
3. I = ln
7
6
4. I = ln
4
3
correct
5. I = −ln
4
3
6. I = −ln
7
6
Explanation:
Since
d
dx
(sec x) = sec x tanx ,
use of the substitution
u = 5 −sec x
is suggested. For then
du = − sec x tanxdx ,
while
x = 0 =⇒ u = 4 ,
x =
π
3
=⇒ u = 3 .
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 5
Thus
I = −
_
3
4
1
u
du =
_
4
3
1
u
du.
Consequently,
I =
_
ln u
_
4
3
= ln
4
3
.
010 10.0 points
Find the volume, V , of the solid obtained
by rotating the graph of
y = sin x
between x = 0 and x = π/2 about the x-axis.
1. V =
1
2
π
2. V =
1
4
π
2
correct
3. V =
1
2
π
2
4. V =
1
8
π
5. V =
1
8
π
2
6. V =
1
4
π
Explanation:
The volume of the solid obtained by rotat-
ing the graph of y = sin x between x = 0 and
x = π/2 about the axis is given by
V = π
_
π/2
0
sin
2
x dx .
But
sin
2
x =
1
2
_
1 −cos 2x
_
,
in which case
V =
1
2
π
_
π/2
0
_
1 −cos 2x
_
dx
=
1
2
π
_
x −
1
2
sin 2x
_
π/2
0
.
Consequently,
V =
1
4
π
2
.
011 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
1
0
x
2
−2x + 6
x
2
−x −2
dx .
1. I = 2 + 5 ln2
2. I = 1 + 4 ln2
3. I = 1 −5 ln2 correct
4. I = 1 −4 ln2
5. I = 2 + 4 ln2
6. I = 2 −5 ln2
Explanation:
By division,
x
2
−2x + 6
x
2
−x −2
=
(x
2
−x −2) −x + 8
x
2
−x −2
= 1 −
x −8
x
2
−x −2
.
But by partial fractions,
x −8
x
2
−x −2
=
3
x + 1

2
x −2
.
Thus
I =
_
1
0
_
1 −
3
x + 1
+
2
x −2
_
dx .
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 6
Now
_
1
0
3
x + 1
dx =
_
3 ln|x + 1|
_
1
0
,
while
_
1
0
2
x −2
dx =
_
2 ln|x −2|
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
I =
_
x −ln
¸
¸
¸
¸
(x + 1)
3
(x −2)
2
¸
¸
¸
¸
_
1
0
= 1 −5 ln2 .
012 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
1
0
2x
3

x
2
+ 1
dx .
1. I =
2
3
2. I =
4
3
(2 −

2)
3. I =
8
3
(2 −

2)
4. I =
8
3
5. I =
4
3
6. I =
2
3
_
2 −

2
_
correct
Explanation:
Set x = tanθ. Then
dx = sec
2
θ dθ , x
2
+ 1 = sec
2
θ ,
while
x = 0 =⇒ θ = 0,
x = 1 =⇒ θ =
π
4
.
In this case
I =
_
π/4
0
2 tan
3
θ sec
2
θ
sec θ

=
_
π/4
0
2 tan
3
θ sec θ dθ
=
_
π/4
0
2 tan
2
θ(sec θ tan θ) dθ .
But
tan
2
θ = sec
2
θ −1, d sec θ = sec θ tanθ dθ .
Thus
I = 2
_
sec
3
θ
3
−sec θ
_
π/4
0
= 2
__
2

2
3


2
_

_
1
3
−1
__
.
Consequently,
I =
2
3
_
2 −

2
_
.
013 10.0 points
Evaluate the definite integral
I =
_
4
0
tan
−1
x
4
dx .
1. I = π −2 ln2 correct
2. I = 2 (π −1)
3. I = −2
4. I = 2 (π −2)
5. I = 4
6. I = π + 2 ln2
Explanation:
Let x = 4 w; then dx = 4 dw while
x = 0 =⇒ w = 0,
x = 4 =⇒ w = 1 .
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 7
In this case,
I = 4
_
1
0
tan
−1
wdw,
so after integration by parts,
I = 4
_
w tan
−1
w
_
1
0
−4
_
1
0
w
1 + w
2
dw
= 4
_
w tan
−1
w −
1
2
ln
_
1 + w
2
_
_
1
0
.
Consequently,
I = 4
_
π
4

1
2
ln 2
_
= π −2 ln2 .
keywords: integration by parts, inverse trig
function
014 10.0 points
Evaluate the integral
I =
_
ln 3
ln 2
6
e
x
−e
−x
dx .
1. I = 3 ln
3
2
correct
2. I = 3 ln
4
3
3. I = 2 ln
4
3
4. I = 2 ln
3
2
5. I = 3 ln2
6. I = 2 ln2
Explanation:
Set u = e
x
. Then du = e
x
dx, so
dx =
1
e
x
du =
1
u
du,
while
x = ln2 =⇒ u = 2 ,
x = ln 3 =⇒ u = 3 .
Thus
I =
_
3
2
6
u
_
1
u −1/u
_
du =
_
3
2
6
u
2
−1
du.
To evaluate this last integral we use partial
fractions. For then
1
u
2
−1
=
1
2
_
1
u −1

1
u + 1
_
.
Thus
I = 3
_
3
2
_
1
u −1

1
u + 1
_
du = 3
_
ln
¸
¸
¸
u −1
u + 1
¸
¸
¸
_
3
2
.
Consequently,
I = 3 ln
3
2
.
015 10.0 points
Determine if the improper integral
I =
_
1
0
ln4x

x
dx
is convergent or divergent, and if convergent,
find its value.
1. I is divergent
2. I = 4(ln 4 + 1)
3. I = 4(ln 4 −1)
4. I = (ln 4 −2)
5. I = 2(ln 4 −2) correct
6. I = 2(ln 4 + 2)
7. I = (ln 4 + 1)
Explanation:
dang (ahd295) – Makeup Exam 2 – sachse – (56620) 8
The integral is improper because the inte-
grand has a vertical asymptote at x = 0, and
so is not bounded on [0, 1]. Thus
I = lim
t →0+
_
1
t
ln 4x

x
dx .
To evaluate the integral
I
t
=
_
1
t
ln 4x

x
dx
we use Integration by Parts. For then
I
t
= 2
__

x ln 4x
_
1
t

_
1
t

x
x
dx
_
= 2
__

x ln 4x
_
1
t

_
1
t
1

x
dx
_
= 2
_

x ln4x −2

x
_
1
t
.
Thus
I
t
= 2(ln 4 −2) −2(

t ln4t −2

t) .
But by L’Hospital’s Rule,
lim
t →0+

t ln 4t = 0 .
Consequently,
I = 2(ln4 −2) .
016 10.0 points
Determine if the integral
I =
_

4
8x
_
(x
2
+ 9)
3
dx
is convergent or divergent, and if it is conver-
gent, find its value.
1. I =
9
5
2. I =
7
5
3. I is divergent
4. I =
8
5
correct
5. I =
3
2
6. I =
17
10
Explanation:
The integral is improper because of the in-
finite range of integration, so
I = lim
t →∞
_
t
4
8x
_
(x
2
+ 9)
3
dx .
To evaluate this last integral, set u = x
2
+ 9.
Then
du = 2x dx ,
in which case
_
8x
_
(x
2
+ 9)
3
dx =
1
2
_
8
u
3/2
du.
Thus
_
t
4
8x
_
(x
2
+ 9)
3
dx
=
_

8

x
2
+ 9
_
t
4
= −
8

t
2
+ 9
+
8
5
.
On the other hand,
lim
t →∞
8

t
2
+ 9
= 0 .
Consequently,
I = lim
t →∞
_

8

t
2
+ 9
+
8
5
_
=
8
5
.