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Partially Guided Experiments for SFYC 2014

1. There are many methods used to dry materials, such as application of hot air, indirect or contact drying, freeze drying, and natural air drying. How does the type of material affect how long a shirt takes to dry? Design an experiment to investigate the statement and explain the mechanism involved. 2. Boiling is the rapid vaporization of a liquid, which occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point, the temperature at which the vapour pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding environmental pressure. Given the same amount of water, how does a container’s size and type of material used affect the amount of time it takes to boil? Design an experiment to investigate the statement and explain the mechanism involved. Make sure you have adult supervision when handling hot objects. 3. Shopping bags are medium sized bags with different thickness and materials that are often used by grocery shoppers to carry home their purchases. It is believed that by varying the thickness and type of materials of the shopping bag, the amount of load it withstands varies. Design an experiment to test the statement. 4. The wheel of a vehicle rotates to allow the vehicle to move. Design a mechanical system that involves minimal force that gives maximum distance travelled by the vehicle. Discuss the mechanism involved. 5. A few countries are using powerful electromagnets to develop highspeed trains, called maglev trains. Maglev is short for magnetic levitation, which means that these trains will float over a guideway using the basic principles of magnets to replace the old steel wheel and track trains. Build your own levitating train model and test how much weight it can hold before it stops hovering above the tracks. Explain the mechanisms involved. 6. A paper plane, paper airplane (US), paper glider, paper dart or dart is a toy aircraft, usually a glider made out of paper or paperboard; the practice of constructing [ paper planes is sometimes referred to as aerogami (Japanese: kamihikōki), after origami, the Japanese art of paper folding. How does the shape and design of the wings of a paper airplane affect its ability to fly? Build your own paper. Explain the mechanisms involved. You must keep the mass of the paper airplane constant. 7. A balloon rocket is a balloon filled with air. Besides being simple toys, balloon rockets are a widely used teaching device to demonstrate physical principles and the functioning of a rocket . How does the amount of air in a balloon rocket affect how high it flies? Design an experiment to investigate the statement and explain the mechanism involved.

come up with a tool to collect iron scraps. 12. 15. Be careful when handling hot water. 11. If you are using electrical currents. Design an experiment to investigate the effect of mass on speed and explain the mechanism involved. RNA and proteins) and their fragments. Design a gel electrophoresis and use it to separate DNAs of different vegetable. acceleration is the rate at which the velocity of a body changes with time. Find out how increased mass affects speed by doing a project with dynamic carts. A magnet is a material or object that produces a magnetic field. High noise levels can contribute to cardiovascular effects in humans. based on their size and charge. What are the best materials to use to reduce noise from the environment? Design an experiment to investigate the statement and explain the mechanism involved. Noise pollution is the disturbing or excessive noise that may harm the activity or balance of human or animal life. Design an experiment to measure the strength of a magnet. Explain the mechanism involved. Electromagnetism denotes the interaction between electrical fields or currents with magnetic fields. Fresh fish is a perishable commodity with a very short shelf period. the stronger the tea will be. Explain the mechanism involved. and an increase in stress and vasoconstriction. and an increased incidence of coronary artery disease. please seek advice of an adult before conducting the experiment. The longer you steep a tea bag in hot water. But. As described by Newton's Second Law. you will investigate the chemistry of tea. But how does the strength of the tea change with longer brewing time? Design an experiment to investigate the statement above. 14. In this science fair project. Based on your finding. In physics. Design an experiment to investigate the most suitable conductor to produce the best electromagnet. 9. . Find a solution by adding foreign substances to ice to slow down ice melting. acceleration is caused by mass and speed. Design an experiment and explain the mechanism involved. 13. This magnetic field is invisible but is responsible for the most notable property of a magnet: a force that pulls on other ferromagnetic materials. 10. Why is it more comfortable to wear light-colored clothes on a hot summer day? Why wear a darkcolored jacket for early-morning fishing on a cold lake? How much difference can it make? How does the color of an object affects how much heat it absorbs when exposed to incandescent light? Design an experiment to investigate the statement and explain the mechanism involved. A nice hot cup of tea sure can wake and warm you up in the morning. Fishmongers use ice as a method to keep their sea products fresh.8. such as iron. It is known electromagnetism is produced when electrical current is passed through a conductor. ice melts fast and the fishmongers have to keep on adding ice. and attracts or repels other magnets. Gel electrophoresis is a method for separation and analysis of macromolecules (DNA. a rise in blood pressure.

and boric acid. 18. Design an experiment to investigate the statement and explain the mechanism involved. 17. or any other micro-organisms as well as retarding the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity. find out the effect of boric acid on our health and design an experiment to investigate the amount of boric acid used in foods that we consume. Explain the mechanisms involved in your findings. which feed on organic matter in presence of oxygen. Antioxidants work by preventing oxidation reactions that produce free-radicals which can cause harm to the body. fungi (such as yeasts). sodium nitrite. such as salt. For example. calcium propionate. There are many chemicals that can be used as a preservative. BOD test procedure is based on the activities of bacteria and other aerobic microorganisms (microbes). Explain the processes involved in your investigation. BOD. design an experiment to find out the BOD of water samples in your area. Food preservation usually involves preventing the growth of bacteria. but the combustion of cellulose in a fire is a reaction that takes place in fractions of a second. As your Science Fair project. As your Science Fair project.16. As your Science Fair project. Biological oxygen demand. higher the amount of pollution in the test sample. any material can be. Explain the processes involved in your investigation. As your Science Fair project. Have adult supervision when handling heavy objects. rusting of iron under Earth's atmosphere is a slow reaction that can take many years. 19. Although metals are commonly considered to be conductors. . Antioxidants have become very popular in the news lately for their potential health and antiaging properties. The rate of the reaction depends upon the surface area of the solid reactant. benzoic acid and its salts. 20. The reaction rate (rate of reaction) or speed of reaction for a reactant or product in a particular reaction is intuitively defined as how fast or slow a reaction takes place. is the standard method for the indirect measurement of the amount of organic pollution (that can be oxidized biologically) in a sample of water. find out the types of antioxidants and design an experiment to investigate the amount of antioxidants in foods that we consume. Higher the BOD. Explain the mechanisms involved in your findings. All materials conduct heat to some extent. design an experiment to find out heat conductivity of different types of materials. sorbic acid and its salts. Heat conductivity is an important concept in many processes and has to be considered before inventing many equipments.