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CSFBandSMSoSGs CSFBandSMSoSGs CSFBandSMSoSGs CSFBandSMSoSGs

Date Date Date Date: :: : 17.10.2009


Revision: Revision: Revision: Revision: 003/CAS/002
Author: Author: Author: Author: JakubBluszcz

Leliwa Technical Bulletin


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LeliwaTechnicalBulletinCSFBandSMSoSGs

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Tableofcontents Tableofcontents Tableofcontents Tableofcontents
Topic Topic Topic Topic Page Page Page Page
Introduction.....................................................................................................3
Architecture ....................................................................................................4
Co-existencewithIMS....................................................................................5
Attachprocedure ............................................................................................7
TA/LAupdateprocedure.................................................................................9
Mobileoriginatingcall ...................................................................................11
MobileTerminatingCall ................................................................................13
SMS..............................................................................................................16
AcronymsandAbbreviations ........................................................................17
References ...................................................................................................18
Disclaimer.....................................................................................................19

CSFBandSMSoSLeliwaTechnicalBulletin

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Introduction Introduction Introduction Introduction
TheCSFallBack(CSFB)inEPSenablestheprovisioningofvoiceandother
CS-domainservices(e.g.CSUDIvideo,LCS,USSD)byreuseofCS
infrastructurewhentheUEisservedbyE-UTRAN.ACSFBenabledterminal,
connectedtoE-UTRANmayuseGERANorUTRANtoconnecttothe
CS-domain.ThisfunctionisonlyavailableincaseE-UTRANcoverageis
overlappedbyeitherGERANcoverageorUTRANcoverage.
O CS domain service
MSC
server
MME E-UTRAN
SGs
GERAN
/UTRAN
CS network
OPaging or Service Request
O HO or cell
reselection
CS-domain service
examples:
voice,
CS UDI video,
LCS,
USSD

Figure1CSFallBack(CSFB)
ThischapteralsodescribesthearchitecturerequiredforSMSoverSGs
(MMEMSCinterface).TheMOSMSandMTSMSaresignalledoverSGs
anddonotcauseanyCSFallbacktoGERAN/UTRANRATs,and
consequentlydoesnotrequireanyoverlappedGERAN/UTRANcoverage.
MSC
server
MME E-UTRAN
SMS-IWMSC/
SMS-GMSC
SMS-SC
HSS
SGs
SMS

Figure2SMSoverSGs
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Architecture Architecture Architecture Architecture
TheCSFBandSMSoverSGsinEPSfunctionisrealizedbyusingtheSGs
interfacemechanismbetweentheMSCServerandtheMME.
E-UTRAN
server
Sv
S3
Gs
SGs
MME
UTRAN
GERAN MSC
SGSN

Figure3CSFallbackandSMSoverSGsarchitecture
SGs SGs SGs SGsisaninterfacebetweentheMMEandMSCserver.Itisusedforthe
MobilityManagement(MM)andpagingproceduresbetweenEPSandCS
domain,andisbasedontheGs(VLR-SGSN)interfaceprocedures.TheSGs
referencepointisalsousedforthedeliveryofbothMobileOriginatingand
MobileTerminatingSMS(MO-SMSandMT-SMS).
S3 S3 S3 S3 isaninterfacebetweenMMEandSGSN.Ithasadditionalfunctionalityto
supportCSFBwithISR.
Protocolstack Protocolstack Protocolstack Protocolstack
SGsAP
IP
L2
L1
MME
IP
L2
L1
MSC
server
SGsAP
SCTP SCTP

Figure4SGsprotocolstack
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SGsApplicationPart(SGsAP)protocolisusedtoconnectanMMEtoan
MSCServer.SGsAPisbasedontheBSSAP+protocol,usedearlieronGs
(SGSN-VLR)interface.
StreamControlTransmissionProtocol(SCTP)transferssignallingmessages.
Co Co Co Co- -- -existencewithIMS existencewithIMS existencewithIMS existencewithIMS
ForUEoriginatingcalls,theUEperformsaccessdomainselection.The
servicedomainselectionfunctionalitydecideswhetherthecallisservicedin
theCSdomainortheIMS.Servicedomainselectionfunctionalitymaytake
intoaccountfororiginatingcallswhethertheuserisroamingornot,user
preferences,servicesubscriptionandoperatorpolicy.IftheUEisconfigured
forVoiceoverIMS,theservicedomainselectionfunctionalitytakestheIMS
voiceoverPSsessionsupportedindicationintoaccountandshouldonly
initiateIMSvoicecalls(withthevoicebearerinthePSdomain)usingthe
RATwheretheIMSvoiceoverPSsessionsupportedindicationappliesand
indicatessupport.The"IMSvoiceoverPSsessionsupportedindication"
appliestoE-UTRANwhenreceivedinE-UTRAN,andappliestoUTRAN
wheneitherreceivedinGERANorUTRAN.
SGSN
MME
Attach accept / RAU Accept
Attach accept / TAU Accept
IMS voice over PS session
supported indication
IMS voice over PS session
supported indication
EPS attach result: EPS only / combined EPS/IMSI attach
Additional result: - / CSFB not preferred / SMS only

Figure5IMSvoiceoverPSsessionsupportedindication
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Toallowforappropriatedomainselection,theCSFBandIMScapableUEin
E-UTRANcanbeprovisionwiththeHPLMNoperatorpreferencesonhowa
CSFB/IMSenabledUEissupposedtohandleviceservices:
CSVoiceonly CSVoiceonly CSVoiceonly CSVoiceonly:theUEdoesnotattempttoinitiatevoicesessionsover
IMSusingaPSbearer.TheUEattemptscombinedEPS/IMSIattach.
CSVoicepreferred,IMSPSVoiceassecondary CSVoicepreferred,IMSPSVoiceassecondary CSVoicepreferred,IMSPSVoiceassecondary CSVoicepreferred,IMSPSVoiceassecondary:theUEtries
preferablytousetheCSdomaintooriginateandterminatevoice
calls.TheUEattemptscombinedEPS/IMSIattachandifcombined
EPS/IMSIattachfailsfortheCSdomainorsucceedswithanSMS
onlyindicationorsucceedswithaCSFBNotPreferredindication,the
UEattemptsvoiceoverIMS.
IMSPSVo IMSPSVo IMSPSVo IMSPSVoicepreferred,CSVoiceassecondary icepreferred,CSVoiceassecondary icepreferred,CSVoiceassecondary icepreferred,CSVoiceassecondary:theUEtries
preferablytouseIMStooriginateandterminatevoicesessions.Ifthe
UEfailstouseIMSforvoicee.g.duetoIMSvoiceoverPSsession
supportedindicationindicatesvoiceisnotsupported,thenthe
servicesareprovidedusingCSdomain.TheUEcaneitherperform
combinedEPS/IMSIattachorEPSattachwhenattachingto
E-UTRAN.
IMSPSVoiceonly IMSPSVoiceonly IMSPSVoiceonly IMSPSVoiceonly:theUEdoesnotattemptcombinedEPS/IMSI
attach(tosupportvoiceservices)andperformIMSregistration
indicatingsupportforvoice.
ACSFB/IMSenabledUEmaybehaveineitheraVoicecentricorData
centricway:
UEactinginaVoicecentric Voicecentric Voicecentric VoicecentricwayalwaystriestoensurethatVoice
serviceispossible.ACSFB/IMSenabledUEactinginaVoice
centricwaythatcannotobtainIMSvoiceoverPSsessionservice,
selectsacellofanyRATthatprovidesaccesstotheCSdomain.In
thiscase,whenCSFBisnotsupportedinthenetwork,theUEcamps
onlyonRATsthatprovidesaccesstotheCSdomain(e.g.GERAN
andUTRAN)anddisableE-UTRANcapability.
UponreceivingcombinedEPS/IMSIattachacceptwithSMSonly
indicationorwithCSFBNotPreferredindication,avoicecentricUE
thatfailstouseIMSreselectstoanotherRAT.
UEactinginaDatacentric Datacentric Datacentric DatacentricwayalwaystriestoensureitgetsPSdata
connectivity,e.g.theUEstaysinthecurrentRATforPSdata
connectivityevenwhenvoiceserviceisnotobtained.ACSFB/IMS
enabledUEactinginaDatacentricwaythatcannotobtainIMSvoice
overPSsessionserviceinEPS,continuestostayinEPSevenwhen
theEPSdoesnotsupportCSFB.
UponreceivingcombinedEPS/IMSIattachacceptwithSMSonly
indication,adatacentricUEstaysinthecurrentRAT.
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UponreceivingcombinedEPS/IMSIattachacceptwithCSFBNot
Preferredindication,adatacentricstaysinthecurrentRATandis
allowedtouseCSFB.
CS Voice only
CS Voice preferred, IMS PS Voice as secondary
IMS PS Voice preferred, CS Voice as secondary
IMS PS Voice only
Voice centric
Data centric

Figure6UEconfiguration(domainselection)
SMSoverIP SMSoverIP SMSoverIP SMSoverIP
IfaUEisconfiguredtouseSMSoverIPservicesitshall,ifregisteredtoIMS,
sendSMSoverIMS,evenifitisEPS/IMSIattached.
Thehomeoperatorisabletoactivate/deactivatetheUEconfigurationtouse
SMSoverIPbymeansofdevicemanagementinordertoallowalignment
withHPLMNsupportofSMSoverIP.
Attachprocedure Attachprocedure Attachprocedure Attachprocedure
TheattachprocedurefortheCSfallbackandSMSoverSGsinEPSis
realizedbasedonthecombinedGPRS/IMSIAttachprocedurespecified
earlierfortheGsinterface.
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MME MSC/VLR HSS
OAttach Request
O Security procedures, registration and bearer establishment as in ordinary attach procedure.
O VLR number derivation
OLocation Update Req.
O SGs association creation
O Location Update in CS domain
OLocation Update Accept
OAttach Accept

Figure7Attachprocedure
OTheUEinitiatestheattachprocedurebythetransmissionofanAttach
Request.messagetotheMME.TheAttachTypeparameterindicatesthatthe
UErequestsacombinedEPS/IMSIattachandinformsthenetworkthatthe
UEiscapableandconfiguredtouseCSfallback.IftheUEneedsSMS
servicebutnotCSFB,theUEincludesanSMS-onlyindication.
OSecurityprocedures,registrationanddefaultbearerestablishmentasin
ordinaryEPSAttachprocedure.
OTheMMEallocatesadefaultLAI,whichisconfiguredontheMMEand
maytakeintoaccountthecurrentTAIand/orE-CGIandwhethertheIMSI
attachisforbothCSFBandSMS,orforSMSonly.TheMMEderivesaVLR
numberbasedontheallocatedLAIandIMSI.TheMMEstartsthelocation
updateproceduretowardsthenewMSC/VLRuponreceiptofthesubscriber
datafromtheHSSinstepO.
OTheMMEsendsaLocationUpdateRequest(newLAI,IMSI,MMEIP
address,LocationUpdateType)messagetotheVLR.
OTheVLRcreatesanassociationwiththeMMEbystoringMMEaddress.
OTheVLRperformsLocationUpdatingprocedureinCSdomain.
OTheVLRrespondswithLocationUpdateAccept(TMSI)totheMME.
OTheEPSAttachprocedureiscompleted.AttachAcceptmessageincludes
LAIandTMSI.TheexistenceofLAIandTMSIindicatessuccessfulattachto
CSdomain.
IftheUErequestscombinedEPS/IMSIAttachRequestwithoutthe
SMS-onlyindication,andifthenetworksupportsonlySMSoverSGs,the
networkperformstheIMSIattachandtheMMEindicatesintheAttachAccept
messagethattheIMSIattachisforSMSonly.
WhenthenetworkacceptsacombinedEPS/IMSIattachwithoutlimitingto
SMS-only,thenetworkmayprovideaCSFBNotPreferredindicationtothe
UE.
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TA/LA TA/LA TA/LA TA/LAu uu update pdate pdate pdateprocedure procedure procedure procedure
ThecombinedTA/LAUpdateprocedurefortheCSFBandSMSoverSGsin
EPSisrealizedbasedonthecombinedRA/LAUpdateprocedurespecifiedin
earlierfortheGsinterface.
new MME MSC/VLR HSS old MME
O UE determines
to perform TAU.
OTAU Request
OSecurity procedures, MME / S-GW reallocation, bearer modification as in ordinary TAU.
OLocation Update Request
O Location Update in CS domain
OLocation Update Accept
OTAU Request
OTAU Complete

Figure8CombinedTA/LAupdate
OTheUEdetectsachangetoanewTAbydiscoveringthatitscurrentTAIis
notinthelistofTAIsthattheUEregisteredwiththenetwork.
OTheUEinitiatestheTAUprocedurebysendingaTAURequest.The
UpdateTypeindicatesthatthisisacombinedTrackingArea/LocationArea
UpdateRequestoracombinedTrackingArea/LocationAreaUpdatewith
IMSIattachRequest.IftheUEneedsSMSservicebutnotCSFB,theUE
includeanSMS-onlyindicationinthecombinedTA/LAUpdateprocedure.
OSecurityprocedures,possibleMMEandS-GWreallocationandbearer
modificationasinordinaryEPSTAUprocedure.
OIfthereisanassociatedVLRintheMMcontext,theVLRalsoneedstobe
updated.IftheassociationhastobeestablishedoriftheLAchanged,the
newMMEsendsaLocationUpdateRequest(newLAI,IMSI,MMEIP
address,LocationUpdateType)messagetotheVLR.NewLAIisdetermined
intheMMEbasedonthereceivedGUTIfromtheUE.IfthisGUTIismapped
fromaP-TMSI/RAI,theLAIisretrievedfromtheGUTIwithoutany
modificationbytheMME.Otherwise,theMMEallocatesadefaultLAI,which
isconfiguredontheMMEandmaytakeintoaccountthecurrentTAIorE-CGI
andwhethertheIMSIattachisforbothCSFBandSMS,orforSMSonly.The
MMEretrievesthecorrespondingVLRnumberfromthedeterminedLAI.If
multipleMSC/VLRsservethisLAIanIMSIisusedtoretrievetheVLR
numberfortheLAI..TheLocationUpdateTypeindicatesnormallocation
update.
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OTheVLRperformsLocationUpdateprocedureinCSdomain.
OTheVLRrespondswithLocationUpdateAccept(TMSI)totheMME.
OTheMMEsendsaTAUAccept(LAI,TMSI)messagetotheUE.TheTMSI
isoptionaliftheVLRhasnotchanged.ThepresenceoftheLAIindicateto
theUEthatitisIMSIattached.IftheUErequestscombinedTA/LAUpdate
RequestwithouttheSMS-onlyindication,andifthenetworksupportsSGs
forSMSonly,thenetworkperformstheIMSIattachandtheMMEindicatesin
theTAUAcceptmessagethattheIMSIattachisforSMSonly.
OTheUEmaysendaTAUcompletemessagefortheTAUprocedureifthe
LAI/TMSIhasbeenchanged.
PeriodicTA/LAupdateprocedure PeriodicTA/LAupdateprocedure PeriodicTA/LAupdateprocedure PeriodicTA/LAupdateprocedure
WhentheUEiscampedonE-UTRAN,periodicLAupdatesarenot
performed,butperiodicTAupdatesareperformed.Inthiscase,anSGs
associationisestablishedandtheMSC/VLRdisablesimplicitdetachfor
EPS-attachedUEsandinsteadrelyontheMMEtoreceiveperiodicTA
updates.
CSFBandSMSoSLeliwaTechnicalBulletin

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Mobileoriginatingc Mobileoriginatingc Mobileoriginatingc Mobileoriginatingcall all all all
TheprocedureforMTcallisillustratedinFig.9.
OCM Service Request
OCM Service Reject
OS1AP Request with CSFB ind.
OExtended Service Request
MME MSC SGSN S-GW eNB/BSS/RNS
OOptional Measurement Report solicitation
OPS HO / CCO optionally with NACC / connection release with redirection to GERAN/UTRAN
LA update or combined LA/RA update
if the MSC is changed
and no implicit loc. upd.
OCS call establishment procedure
ORA update (if necessary)

Figure9MOcall
OTheUEsendsanExtendedServiceRequest(CSFallbackIndicator)to
MME.CSFallbackIndicatorindicatesMMEtoperformCSFallback.TheUE
onlytransmitsthisrequestifitisattachedtoCSdomain(withacombined
EPS/IMSIAttach)andcannotinitiateanIMSvoicesession(becausee.g.the
UEisnotIMSregisteredorIMSvoiceservicesarenotsupportedbythe
servingIP-CAN,homePLMNorUE).
OTheMMEsendsanS1-APRequestmessagetoeNBthatincludesaCS
Fallbackindicator.ThismessageindicatestotheeNBthattheUEshouldbe
movedtoUTRAN/GERAN.
OTheeNBmayoptionallysolicitameasurementreportfromtheUEto
determinethetargetGERAN/UTRANcelltowhichPShandoverwillbe
performed.
OIftheUEandthenetworksupportinter-RAThandoverfromE-UTRANto
GERAN/UTRAN,theeNBtriggersPShandovertoaGERAN/UTRAN
neighbourcellbysendingaHandoverRequiredmessagetotheMME.
IftheUEandthenetworksupportinter-RATCellChangeOrder(CCO)to
GERANandthetargetcellisGERAN,theeNBtriggersaninter-RATCCO
(optionallywithNACC).
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IftheUEorthenetworkdoesnotsupportinter-RAThandoverfromE-UTRAN
toGERAN/UTRANnorinter-RATCCO,theeNBtriggersconnectionrelease
withredirectiontoGERAN/UTRANinsteadofPSHOorCOO.
OTheUEestablishesCSsignallingconnectioninthetargetRATandsends
CMServiceRequestmessage.Thesimultaneoussupportofpacketdata
bearersdependsonselectedRATandadditionalfeatureslikee.g.DTM.
OIncasetheMSCservingthe2G/3GtargetcellisdifferentfromtheMSC
thatservedtheUEwhilecampedonE-UTRAN,theMSCrejectstheservice
request,ifimplicitlocationupdateisnotperformed.TheCMServiceReject
triggerstheUEtoperformaLocationAreaUpdateasfollows:
IfthetargetsystemoperatesinNetworkModeofOperation(NMO)I
theUEperformsacombinedRA/LAupdate.Inthiscase,theSGSN
establishesaGsassociationwiththeMSC/VLR,whichreplacesthe
SGsassociationwiththeMME.
IfthetargetsystemoperatesinNMOIIorIIItheUEperformsaLA
updatetowardstheMSC.Inthiscase,theMSCreleasestheSGs
associationwiththeMME.
OTheUEinitiatestheCScallestablishmentprocedure.
OTheUEmaytriggertheRAupdateprocedurewhenthesendingofuplink
packetdataispossible.
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MobileTerminatingCall MobileTerminatingCall MobileTerminatingCall MobileTerminatingCall
TheprocedureforMTcallisillustratedinFig.10.
OCS page
OIAM
MME MSC SGSN S-GW eNB/BSS/RNS
OExtended Service Request
OS1AP Request /
S1AP Initial UE Context Setup
OOptional Measurement Report solicitation
OPS HO / CCO optionally with NACC / connection release with redirection to GERAN/UTRAN
O LA update or combined LA/RA update
OPaging Response
OConnection Release / Reject
LA update or combined LA/RA update and Roaming Retry for CSFB
if the MSC
is changed
if the MSC
is changed
G CS connection establishment

Figure10MTcall
OTheMSCreceivesanincomingvoicecall.
OTheMMEreceivesaCSPaging(IMSI,VLRTMSI,LocationInformation,
optionalCallerLineIdentification))messagefromtheMSCoveraSGs
interface.TheTMSI(orIMSI)receivedfromtheMSCisusedbytheMMEto
findtheS-TMSIwhichisusedasthepagingaddressontheradiointerface.
IftheUEisinIdlemodetheMMEpagestheUEinalltheTAs,theUEis
registeredto.
1 11 1

InactivemodetheMMEreusestheexistingconnectiontorelaytheCSPage
totheUE.
TheeNBforwardsthepagingmessagetotheUE.Themessagecontainsa
suitableUEIdentity(i.e.S-TMSIorIMSI)andaCNDomainindicatorand
CallerLineIdentificationifavailableandneeded.
OTheUEestablishesanRRCconnectionorreusestheexistingconnection
tosendanExtendedServiceRequest(CSFallbackIndicator,Rejector
Accept)toMME.

1 11 1
ThisproceduretakesplacebeforestepO,immediatelyafterMSCreceivesMAP_PRNfromHSS,ifpre-
pagingisdeployed.
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OMMEsendsS1APInitialUEContextSetuporS1APRequestmessageto
eNBthatincludesCSFBindicator.ThismessageindicatestotheeNBthat
theUEshouldbemovedtoUTRAN/GERAN.
OTheeNBmayoptionallysolicitameasurementreportfromtheUEto
determinethetargetGERAN/UTRANcelltowhichPShandoverwillbe
performed.
OIftheUEandthenetworksupportinter-RAThandoverfromE-UTRANto
GERAN/UTRAN,theeNBtriggersPShandovertoaGERAN/UTRAN
neighbourcellbysendingaHandoverRequiredmessagetotheMME.
IftheUEandnetworksupportinter-RATCellChangeOrder(CCO)to
GERANandthetargetcellisGERAN,theeNBtriggersaninter-RATCCO
(optionallywithNACC).
IftheUEorthenetworkdoesnotsupportinter-RAThandoverfromE-UTRAN
toGERAN/UTRANnorinter-RATCCO,theeNBtriggersconnectionrelease
withredirectiontoGERAN/UTRANinsteadofPSHOorCOO.
OIftheUEobtainsLA/RAinformationofthenewUTRAN/GERANcell(e.g.
basedonthesysteminformationorredirectioninfo)andtheLA/RAofthe
newcellisdifferentfromtheonestoredintheUE,itperformsaLocationArea
UpdateoraCombinedRA/LAprocedureifthetargetsystemoperatesin
NMOI
OTheUEestablishesCSsignallingconnectioninthetargetRATandsends
PagingResponsemessage
2 22 2
.Thesimultaneoussupportofpacketdata
bearersdependsonselectedRATandadditionalfeatureslikee.g.DTM.
OIftheMSCthatreceivesthePagingResponseisdifferentfromtheMSC
thatsentthepagingrequestandiftheLocationAreaUpdate/Combined
RA/LAUpdatewasnotperformedinstepO,theMSCrejectsthepage
responsebyreleasingtheA/Iu-csconnection.TheBSC/RNCinturnreleases
thesignallingconnectionforCSdomain.Thesignallingconnectionrelease
triggerstheUEtoperformaLAupdateorCombinedRA/LAupdate.
TheLAupdatetriggerstheRoamingRetryforCSFallbackprocedure, TheLAupdatetriggerstheRoamingRetryforCSFallbackprocedure, TheLAupdatetriggerstheRoamingRetryforCSFallbackprocedure, TheLAupdatetriggerstheRoamingRetryforCSFallbackprocedure,
describedinthenextsection. describedinthenextsection. describedinthenextsection. describedinthenextsection.
GIncasetheMSCservingthe2G/3GcellisthesameastheMSCthat
servedtheUEwhilecampedonLTE,itshallstopthepagingresponsetimer
andestablishtheCSconnection.

2 22 2
MSCshouldbepreparedtoreceiveapagingresponseafterarelativelylongtimefromwhentheCS
Pagingwassent.TheBSSshouldbepreparedtoreceiveaPagingResponseevenwhenthe
correspondingPagingRequesthasnotbeensentbythisBSS.
CSFBandSMSoSLeliwaTechnicalBulletin

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MT MT MT MTRoamingRetry RoamingRetry RoamingRetry RoamingRetryCall Call Call Call
MTRoamingRetryCallappliestoaMTcallwhilethecalledmobileis
simultaneouslymovingfromanoldtoanewMSC,iftheGMSC,theHLRand
theoldterminatingVMSCsupporttheMTRoamingRetryprocedure.
Inthatcase,uponreceiptofanISUPIAMmessagewhichwaspreceededby
aMAPCancelLocationprocedure,theoldVMSCinstructstheGMSCto
resumeterminatingcallprocedurebysendingaMAPResumeCallHandling
(RCH)message.TheGMSCthenreleasestheISUPconnectiontotheold
VMSC,terminateanyopenCAPdialogue,andretrytheterminatingcallsetup
towardsthenewMSCbysendinganadditionalSRItotheHLR.Thissecond
SRIrequestleadstoobtainingaroamingnumberfromthenewMSCtowards
whichthecallcanthenbedelivered(possiblyafternewCAMELinteractions).
ThesimilarprocedureisusedforRoamingRetryforCSfallback.Thereare
onlytwodifferencesinthisprocedurecomparedtotheMobileTerminating
RoamingRetryCallproceduredescribedearlier.Thefirstdifferenceisthat
thepagingmessagetriggerstheCSfallbackincludingalocationupdatein
thenewRAT.ThisfunctionalityisalreadysupportedintheCSfallbackflows
forterminatingcallsandnoadditionalfunctionalityisneeded.Thesecond
differenceisthattheUEmaysendapageresponsemessageafterreceiving
LocationUpdateAcceptmessage.ThenewMSCignoresorrejectsthepage
responsemessage.
S
e
t
u
p
L
U
P
C
S
F
B
C
S

P
A
G
L
U
P
C
A
N
C
L
O
C P
R
N
SRI
SRI
IAM
R
C
H
IA
M
GMSC
MSC
MSC
MME HSS
IA
M

Figure11RoamingRetryforCSfallback
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SMS SMS SMS SMS
TheproceduresforSMSoverSGsapplyonlyiftheUEisEPS/IMSIattached
andtheCSaccessdomainischosenbytheUEand/orthehomePLMNfor
deliveringshortmessages.
SMSsupportisbasedonSGsinterfacebetweentheMMEandtheMSC
ServeranduseofNASsignallingbetweentheUEandtheMME,i.e.noCS
FallbackisperformedforSMS.
TheSMSprotocolentitiesarereusedfromtheexistingMS/UEandMSC
2G/3Gimplementations.
MSC
server
MME E-UTRAN
SMS-IWMSC/
SMS-GMSC
SMS-SC
HSS
SGs
SMS

Figure12SMSoverSGs

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AcronymsandAbbreviations AcronymsandAbbreviations AcronymsandAbbreviations AcronymsandAbbreviations

3G 3G 3G 3G 3-rdGeneration
3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3rdGenerationPartnershipProject
AES AES AES AES AdvancedEncryptionStandard
CBC CBC CBC CBC CipherBlockChaining
CEK CEK CEK CEK ContentEncryptionKey
CTR CTR CTR CTR Counter
DCF DCF DCF DCF DRMContentFormat
DMP DMP DMP DMP DiscreteMediaProfile
DRM DRM DRM DRM DigitalRightsManagement
EMS EMS EMS EMS ElementManagementSystem
GPRS GPRS GPRS GPRS GeneralPacketRadioService
HTTP HTTP HTTP HTTP HypertextTransferProtocol
IP IP IP IP InternetProtocol
IRDA IRDA IRDA IRDA InfraredDataAssociation
ISO ISO ISO ISO InternationalOrganizationforStandardization
MIME MIME MIME MIME MultipurposeInternetMailExtensions
MMS MMS MMS MMS MultimediaMessagingService
OBEX OBEX OBEX OBEX ObjectExchange
ODRL ODRL ODRL ODRL OpenDigitalRightsLanguage
OMA OMA OMA OMA OpenMobileAlliance
PDA PDA PDA PDA PersonalDigitalAssistant
PDCF PDCF PDCF PDCF PacketizedDRMContentFormat
PKI PKI PKI PKI PublicKeyInfrastructur
PSS PSS PSS PSS PacketStreamingService
REL REL REL REL RightsExpressionLanguage
ROAP ROAP ROAP ROAP RightsObjectAcquisitionProtocol
RTSP RTSP RTSP RTSP RealTimeStreamingProtocol
SDP SDP SDP SDP SessionDescriptionProtocol
SMS SMS SMS SMS ShortMessageService
URI URI URI URI UniformResourceIdentifier
USB USB USB USB UniversalSerialBus
WAP WAP WAP WAP WirelessApplicationProtocol

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References References References References
Thissectioncontainsthelocationsofvariousspecifications,document
referencesandusefulinformationwhereyoucanlearnmoreaboutthis
subject.

[1] 23.272CircuitSwitched(CS)fallbackinEvolvedPacketSystem
(EPS);Stage2

[2] 23.221Architecturalrequirements

[3] 24.301Non-Access-Stratum(NAS)protocolforEvolvedPacket
System(EPS);Stage3


CSFBandSMSoSLeliwaTechnicalBulletin

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