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Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Guidelines for Testing, and Commissioning Checks to be carried out on Current Transformers and Potential Transformers
DOCUMENT NO. PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited Power Sector – Technical Services (HQ) NOIDA
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JAIN AGM (TG & KM) Issued by N.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Guidelines for Testing and Commissioning Checks to be carried out on Current Transformers and Potential Transformers Document No. Bansal : 20th December 2008 GM(TS) Date of Issue Issued To Copy No. of Sheets: 08 Name Prepared by : JAFAR ALI Designation MANAGER(TG) Signature Reviewed by : S. C. PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Total No. K. Type of Copy : : : 2 of 8 .
Various instruments required for conducting these tests are also indicated against each test. 1 of 8 . Connect a Galvanometer/Voltmeter across S1 and S2 i.e secondary Winding of CT with flexible cables such that negative of Galvanometer/Voltmeter is connected to S1 and positive to S2 of CT as shown in figure 1. Connect P1 of CT to Positive Terminal of Battery though a switch and Negative Terminal of battery to P2 of CT with flexible cables. See the direction of deflection of Galvanometer/Voltmeter. P2. When switch is opened and supply is disconnected the Galvanometer/Voltmeter will give positive deflection if Terminal Markings are correct.0 CURRENT TRANSFORMERS 1.e P1. Check for Polarity i. Details of the various checks along-with its procedures are given hereunder for its implementation. S1 and S2 punching/marking on CTs. Terminal connection and screws should be intact.2 Polarity check Correctness of Polarity marking on Primary Winding and Secondary Winding of CT should be checked as follows. 1.1 Visual Inspection During visual Inspection CTs should be checked for any crack development/damage during transportation/handling at site. Now connect P1 of CT to Positive of Battery Terminal by closing switch. 1.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Pre-Commissioning and Commissioning Checks to be carried out on Current Transformers and Potential Transformers for Generator Certain checks/tests are required to be carried out on CT and PT during its installation at site.
Equipments Required Meggar (500V) 1 No. 1. Equipments Required Multi-meter Motwane Analogue/Digital 1 No. IR should be measured between S1/S2 Terminal and Body of CT.C resistance of Secondary Winding of CTs with Multi-meter. Feed the current from a variable current source to the Coil.e IpxNp=IsxNs. If CT primary Current is very high and current source of same rating is not available. 1. change the marking on secondary terminals.3 IR Measurement IR of CT is checked for assessing the condition of the Insulation of secondary winding of CT. P1 S1 S2 P2 Switch Battery Figure 1 Equipments Required Dry Type Battery (1. no of Turns of coil should be increased to match the Ampere Turn i. wrap a few turns of Cable over CT Body to form a primary Coil as shown in the figure 2.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 If it is not so.5 Ratio Measurement For this measurement. Wrap the flexible cable uniformly across the circumference of CT to avoid the flux leakage. Connect an ammeter across the secondary winding of the CT.4 Winding Resistance Measurement Measure the D. 1No 1. 2 of 8 .5 Volt/9Volt) Galvanometer/Voltmeter Flexible Cable as per requirement Switch 1 No 1 No.
It should match the rating plate value. Caution: In no case secondary winding of CT should be kept open when CT is energized from Primary side S1 Variable Current Source A S2 Figure 2 Equipments Required Variable Current Source (0-500A) Ammeter (0-10A) Tong tester/ Clamp on meter (0-1000A) 1 No 1 No 1 No 1.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Increase the current in primary circuit slowly and record the current in secondary circuit. The arrangement of connection is shown in Figure 3. Plot a graph between current fed and voltage developed across the secondary winding of CT. The saturation point is also known as knee point of CT. A Single Phase Variac (0-415V) is connected across the secondary winding of CT.6 Magnetising Current measurement Magnetization current is also known as charging current (Ich). Check and record the voltage developed across the secondary winding of CT till 415 Volt or saturation point. Slowly increase the current being fed to the secondary winding of CT. 3 of 8 . Calculate the ratio Ip/Is = Ratio. The voltage will get developed across the secondary winding of CT when current is passed through this.
In case of Protection Class CT Ich @Vk/2 is also important parameter and given in specification of CT and should be measured and recorded if facility exist. the check can be done upto 415V to assure its healthiness with in this voltage. A Variac 0-415 V V S1 Figure 3 S2 A typical Saturation Curve of CT Equipments Required Single Phase variac(0-415V) Voltmeter (0-500V) Ammeter (0-10A) 1 No 1 No 1 No 4 of 8 .TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Since Protection Class CTs will have high Knee Point Voltage. If voltage source of that rating is not available at site.
It should match the rating plate value.C resistance of Secondary Winding of PTs with Multi-meter. Terminal connection and screws are intact.e Phase and Neutral punching/marking on PTs.4 Ratio Measurement Connect a variable Voltage source to primary winding of the PT. Calculate the ratio V1/V2 = Ratio.0 POTENTIAL TRANSFORMERS 2. S1 and S2 i.V) 1 No 2. The measuring circuit is shown in figure 4. Equipments Required Multi-meter (Multi range) 1 No 2. Check for P1.2 IR Measurement Check and record the Insulation Resistance of PT as under IR between Primary Winding and earth IR between Secondary Winding and earth IR between Primary Winding and Secondary Winding Equipments Required Meggar (2.1 Visual Inspection During visual Inspection check the PTs for any crack development/damage during transportation. Increase the voltage in primary winding slowly and record the voltage in secondary winding. 2. P2. P1 Variable Voltage Source 0-415 V V1 S1 V2 1 P2 Figure 4 S2 1No 2 Nos 5 of 8 Equipments Required Single Phase variac(0-415V) Voltmeter (0-500V AC) .3 Winding Resistance Measurement Measure the D.5K.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 2.
5 Magnetising Current measurement Magnetising current is also known as charging current. 6 of 8 .TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 2. As the voltage is applied in secondary the charging current will flow in secondary of PT winding for charging the winding /core excitation. Slowly increase the secondary voltage to rated level and record the charging current. This test will indicate core saturation and any inter-turn shorting in the PT winding. Keep the Primary of PT open Circuited. A Variable Voltage Source 0-220 V V 1 S1 P1 S2 Figure 5 Equipments Required Single Phase Variac(0-220V) Voltmeter (0-500V AC) Ammeter (0-5/10 A AC) P2 1No 1 No 1 No These Guidelines are prepared for Testing of CTs and PTs installed for Metering and Protection of Generator. Connect a Variable voltage source on secondary side of PT as shown in Figure 5. and Generator Transformer however these may be used for other CTs and PTs keeping in mind specific requirements. This test should be done preferably after placing the PT in the PT cubicle or adequate safety precautions should be taken as high voltage will develop on the primary side of PT during Testing. if any.
Visual Check OK/Not OK Insulation Secondary Winding CT Ratio Test CT Magnetisation Resistance Resistance Current Value Temp.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Log sheet for CT Test Results Customer Power Station Unit Date of Testing CT Serial No. 3. Knee Voltage 1. 2. 1. 3. 3. Class 3. 1. Primary Secondary Ratio Voltage Magnetisation Current Current Applied Current 7 of 8 . 2. CT Details 1. 2. Ratio 2.
1. 2.TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION Document No PWR/TSX/TGS/11/150/00/08 Log Sheet for PT Test Results Customer Power Station Unit Date of Testing PT Serial No. PT Details 1. 1. Visual Check OK/Not OK Insulation Secondary Winding PT Ratio Test Resistance Resistance Value Temp. 2. 1. 1. Primary Secondary Ratio Voltage Voltage PT Magnetisation Current Voltage Magnetisation Applied Current 8 of 8 . Ratio 2. 2. 1. 2. 2. 2. Class 1. 2. 1.