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A prefix (affix) is a word, or letter(s) placed at the beginning of another word (a base word) to adjust or qualify its usage

or meaning A suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a word that conditions its usage or meaning.
List of English Prefixes Prefix a(n)abacacr(o)aden(o)aer(o)agr(o)anan(a)an(o)andranemAngloanteanthrop(o)ant(i)aut(o)bar(o)bathybebibi(o)bibli(o)blast(o)bradybrom(o)bronch(o)cac(o)cardi(o)cent-, centi cephal(o)chrom(o)-, chromat(o)chron(o)circumcion(o)cocolpoGeneral Meaning not , without away high, up air relating to farming out of man English or British before relating to human beings against self atmosphere deep completely, thoroughly; excessively; on; around; about; used to form transitive verbs two life relating to books slow relating to breathing heart hundred or hundredth Example atonality , asexuality , amoral , anarchy abduction , absolutism , ablution Acropolis aeronautics , aerodrome , aeroplane , aerodynamics agriculture anachronism androgyny , androcentrism , android , androgen Anglo-Irish relations, anglophile antebellum anthropology , anthropocentrism , anthropomorphic antidote , antibody , anticlockwise autonomy , autobiography , automobile , autopilot Bathyscape , Bathysphere

bicycle , bijection , bilingual , bicameralism , bisexuality biology , biography , biosphere , biotechnology bibliophilia , bibliography bradycardia bronchitis cardiovascular centenary, centimeter, centipede

time around together

chronology, chronograph circumcision, circumnavigation, circumlocution, circumference cooperative, cohabit conference , connotation , context , Congress , congregation contradiction , contraception , controversy cosmology , cosmopolitan , cosmotheism counterpoint , counterweight , CounterReformation cryogenics , cryoelectronics , cryostorage cryptography , cryptozoology cytoplasm , cytology

com-, con-, col-, cor- with, together contr(a)-, contr(o) cosm(o)countercrin(o)cry(o)crypt(o)cyt(o)against, opposite against, opposite frost , icy cold hidden hollow, receptacle, cell

dactyl(o)dedec(a)-, dek(a)deci dem(o)derm(o)-, derm(a)-, dermatdididact(o)dynam(o)disdox(o)dysecoecto(s)edaph(o)electr(o)embry(o)encephal(o)end(o)-, ent(o)enne(a)enter(o)eoep(i)-, epherg(o)erythr(o)erot(o)stom(o)-, stomat(o)ethn(o)euexex(o)extraflor(i)foregynhemihex(a)hyperhyp(o)inin-, il-, im-, irinterintrakilo malmaximega -, megalmetamicro midmilli minimismon(o)multi-

taking something away, the opposite ten one tenth people, nation skin two , double apt at teaching power , force reverse , opposite Doxology bad, deformed, abnormal house outside electricity full brain nine dawn, early above

decentralisation , deforestation , dehydration decamerous deciliter demographics , democracy dermatology , dermatitis

dynamic , dynamite , dynamo dissent , discovery , disambiguation dyspepsia , dystrophy , dysarthria economy , ecology , ecosystem , ecotourism , ecotage ectoskeleton electrocution encephalitis enneastyle eobacterium epitaxy ergonomics

good former outside very, more than usual, outside, beyond relating to flowers before, in advance female half six excessive, (least to greatest in order: hypo, sub, super, hyper) below, (least to greatest in order: hypo, sub, super, hyper) extremely not between, from one to another within, interior thousand bad, badly most, very, large million , very large after, beyond one millionth, very small in the middle of thousandth small bad , wrong one , single many

ethnology , ethnolinguistics , ethnocentrism eulogy , euthanasia , eugenics , euphemism ex-wife, ex-president exoskeleton extra-thin, extra-special extraordinary, extraterrestrial florist foreskin , foreshadowing gynaecology , gynoid hemimetabolous hexapod hyperactive , hyperthyroidism hypodermic inflammable , invaluable infallibility , illiteracy , immoral , irrelevant intervention , international intramural, intravenous kilogram , kilowatt malpractice , malnutrition maxi-dress megabyte , megaphone metacarpal , metaphysics microgram , microorganism , micronation mid-term elections , Mid-Autumn Festival , MidAtlantic Ridge milligram , milliliter miniskirt , miniscule miscarriage , misanthropy , misogyny monolith , monorail , monotony , monocle multiculturalism , multilingual

nonnonoct(o)-, oct(a)oo- (" oo -oh") outoverpent(a)postpreproquadr-, quartquin(que)quint(i)rerect(i)scler(o)semisept(a)sex(i)Sinospasm(o)sperm(o)-, spermat(o)spher(o)sphygm(o)splen(o)splanchn(o)schiz(o)-, schist(o)staphyl(o)styl(o)subsupersyntach(y)-, tach(o)tel(e)-, tel(o)tel(o)-, tel(e)transtriultraununiurzoo- (" zoo -oh")

not nine eight egg, ovum more, to a greater degree more than normal, too much five after before for, in favour of four five , into five parts fifth , five again, repeatedly proper, straight hard half seven six Chinese

nonsense, non-denial denial none, nonagon octane , octopod , octagon oocyte to outdo, to outrun overpopulation , over-consumption pentagon Post-Fordism , postpartum depression , postmodernity , postmodernism prediction , preview , precedent , prenatal care pro-choice, pro-life, promotion quadrangle , quadruplet , quartic , quartile quinquesection quintiped reduction , reflection , revolution rectify, rectangle scleroderma atherosclerosis semi-automatic , semi-detached heptachord sexivalent Sino-American relations




schizophrenia , schistocyte

pillar below, less than, under,(least to greatest in order: subset , subsonic , subway , subtitles hypo, sub, super, hyper) extremely, more than, (least to greatest in order: hypo, superhuman , Superego , supersonic sub, super, hyper) along with, together, at the same time synergy , synchronicity fast, speed tachycardia , tachometer telecommunications , television , telephoto lens , far, over a long distance telodynamic end, complete, mature teloblast transfer , transubstantiation , transatlantic , Transacross, beyond Siberian railway three triangle , tricolor , triptych extremely, beyond a certain limit Ultramontanism , ultraviolet not, opposite, take something away unconstitutional , undelete one , single uniform , unification first, original urtext relating to animals zoomorphic , zoology

adjective (adjektiv): one of the lexical word classes. Adjectives are typically descriptive of a noun; they denote qualities, characteristics and properties of people, things and phenomena. Examples: red, dark, small, round, overwhelmed, certain, fantastic. Most adjectives can be compared for degree, and the forms are called positive, comparative and superlative, respectively. Examples: small smaller smallest; good better best; difficult more difficult most difficult. noun (substantiv): one of the lexical word classes; a 'naming word'. A noun is used to refer to people and things as well as to abstract ideas and phenomena. E.g. boy, human, cat, book, house, water, air, holidays, capitalism, belief. Nouns can be common or proper. Common nouns can be countable or uncountable. Other types of noun: collective noun , plural-only noun, nominalized adjective. passive voice (passiv): a feature of the verb phrase. The passive voice is marked by the grammatical auxiliary be + past participle. E.g. The little old lady was bitten by her poodle. The subject of a passive clause is typically an affected participant. In the example given here, the agent (=the doer of the action) is specified by means of a prepositional phrase, thus making the passive a long passive. The agent need not be specified, in which case we have a short passive. E.g. John F. Kennedy was shot in 1963. Compare active voice. The relationship between an active and a passive clause can be represented as follows: Active: Passive: The cat subject (agent) The mouse subject (affected) caught verb (past tense) was caught verb (past tense of BE + past participle of main verb) the mouse. direct object (affected) by the cat. adverbial (agent)

A Gerund is a verb when it acts as a noun; gerunds can act as the subject or object of a main verb. EG: Studying is good for you. Gerunds are used after prepositions, but not usually after 'to'. The gerund looks identical to the present participle, which is used after the auxiliary verb 'to be', but are not the same as they do not function as main verbs. Gerunds are used after certain words and expressions, as is the infinitive, so it is useful to try to learn which form an adjective, etc., takes. Formation:

Base Form + ING If a verb ends with -e, it loses the last letter before adding the -ing suffix.