# CONFIDENTIAL

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950/1, 954/1
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1. Show that for all real values of x, the function of
8 2
4 2
2
2
− +
+
=
x x
x x
y does not have values
between
9
2
and 2. [5]

2. Solve the equation 3
1
10
=
− x
x
[6]

3. Using the definitions of set } : { A x x A ∈ = and set } : {
'
A x x A ∉ ∈ , prove that
' ' '
) ( B A B A ∩ = ∪ . Hence, simplify ) ( ) (
'
B A B A − ∪ ∪ . [7]

4. Given that y x tan 1 tan + = , find
dx
dy
in terms of x and y. Hence show that when
x y y x x δ δ π 2 ,
4
1
0
+ ≈ + = where
0
y is the value when π
4
1
= x . [7]

5. Find dx
x
x

2
1
0
2
2
1
in terms of π by using the substitution θ sin = x [7]

6. Find the distance from the point ) 6 , 5 (− A to the line 21 7 = + y x . Hence find the equation of
the circle with centre ) 6 , 5 (− A which touches the line 21 7 = + y x . Find also the coordinates
of the point of contact. [7]

7. The functions f and g are defined as
0 , ln 2 : > x x x f 
0 , : ≥ x x x g 
(i) Sketch the graph of f , and give a reason why the inverse function
1 −
f exists.
(ii) Find
1 −
f , and state its domain.
(iii) Find the composite function
1 −
gf and state its range. [8]

8. Given that the quadratic equation 0
2
= + + c bx ax has roots α and β. Show that
a
b
− = β + α
and
a
c
= αβ . [4]
Find in terms of α and β the roots of the equation 0 ) 2 (
2 2 2 2
= + − − c y ac b y a [5]

9. The function f is defined by ) 1 ln( 36 3 5 :
2
− − + x x f  and has domain 2 ≥ x .
(a) Determine the value of x for which f is stationary. [4]
(b) The second derivative of ) (x f is ). ( ' ' x f Find the range of '. ' f [6]

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10. a) Given that X =

a b
b a
0
0 1 0
0
, find a in terms of b if X is singular. [3]
b) If

=
5 4 1
2 1 3
4 2 1
A and ,
7 6 11
10 9 17
8 6 13

− −

= B find AB
Hence , solve the simultaneous equations
13 8 6 13 − = − + r q p
20 10 9 17 − = − + r q p
14 7 6 11 − = − + r q p [7]

11. Express
( )( )
2
2
2 1 2
14 17 10
x x
x x
− +
+ −
in partial fractions in the form
( )
2
2 1 2 1 2 x
C
x
B
x
A

+

+
+
.
Hence expand
( )( )
2
2
2 1 2
14 17 10
x x
x x
− +
+ −
in ascending powers of x until the term in
2
x .
State the range of values of x where the expansion is valid. [10]

12. State the asymptotes for the curve
x
x
y
+
=
2
. Hence sketch the curve. [3]
Find the area enclosed by the curve, the x-axis and the line x = 1 by using
i) trapezium rule with 5 ordinates
ii) integration
Give your answer correct to 4 decimal places and calculate the percentage error in the
estimation when the trapezium rule is used. [8]

Find also the volume of the solid formed when this area is rotated completely about the
x-axis. [3]

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1.
8 2
4 2
2
2
− +
+
=
x x
x x
y
x x y xy yx 4 2 8 2
2 2
+ = − +
0 8 ) 4 2 ( ) 2 (
2
= − − + − y x y x y B1
For no real values of x; 0 4
2
< − ac b
0 ) 8 )( 2 ( 4 ) 4 2 (
2
< − − − − y y y M1
0 64 32 16 16 4
2 2
< − + + − y y y y
0 4 20 9
2
< + − y y
0 ) 2 )( 2 9 ( < − − y y M1
2
9
2
< < y A1
Therefore for all real values of x, the function of
8 2
4 2
2
2
− +
+
=
x x
x x
y does not have values between
9
2
and 2. A1 [5]

2.
x
x
− 1
10
= 3

x
x
− 1
10
= 9 M1
x 10 = x 9 9 −
x 9 = x 10 9 −
x 81 =
2
100 180 81 x x + − M1
81 261 100
2
+ − x x = 0 A1
) 9 25 )( 9 4 ( − − x x = 0 M1

25
9
4
9
or x = A1
From the equation 3
1
10
=
− x
x
,
4
9
≠ x
25
9
= x A1 [6]

3.
'
) ( B A∪
⇒ } ) ( : { B A x x ∪ ∉
⇒ } : { B x and A x x ∉ ∉ B1
⇒ } : {
' '
B x and A x x ∈ ∈ B1
⇒ } ) ( : {
' '
B A x x ∩ ∈ B1

' ' '
) ( B A B A ∩ = ∪ B1

) ( ) (
'
B A B A − ∪ ∪ = ) ( ) (
' ' '
B A B A ∩ ∪ ∩ B1
=
' '
) ( B A A ∩ ∪ B1
=
'
B ∩ ξ
=
'
B B1 [7]

9
2

2
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4.
dx
dy
y x
2 2
sec sec = M1

y
x
dx
dy
2
2
sec
sec
= A1
0 tan ,
4
1
= π = y x B1
y δ ≈ x
dx
dy
δ ⋅
x
y
x
δ ⋅ =
2
2
sec
sec
M1
x
y
x
δ ⋅
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
2
2
tan 1
tan 1
M1
x x δ = δ ⋅ |
.
|

\
|
+
+
= 2
0 1
1 1
A1
y y y δ + ≈
0

x y y δ + ≈ ∴ 2
0
A1 [7]

5. θ = sin x
θ θ = d dx cos
dx
x
x

2
1
0
2
2
1
= θ θ

θ −
θ
π
d cos
sin 1
sin
4
0
2
2
M1 B1 ( correct limits)
= θ θ
π
d
2
4
0
sin

A1
= θ
θ
π
d

4
0
2
2 cos 1
M1
=
4
0
2
2 sin
2
1
π
θ
θ

− A1

4
1
8
− =
π
M1 (substituting) A1 [7]

6. The distance from ) 6 , 5 (− A to line 21 7 = + y x -----(1)

d =
2 2
1 7
21 6 ) 5 ( 7
+
− + −
M1
=
50
50 −

= 50 −
2 5 = unit A1

The equation of the circle is
2 2 2
) 50 ( ) 6 ( ) 5 ( = − + + y x M1
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50 36 12 25 10
2 2
= + − + + + y y x x
0 11 12 10
2 2
= + − + + y x y x A1
Gradient of line 7x + y =21 is -7
Therefore, gradient of line perpendicular to this line is
7
1

Equation of line perpendicular to this line is
) 5 (
7
1
6 + = − x y M1
5 42 7 + = − x y
47 7 + = x y
47 7 − = y x ------(2)

Substituting (2) into (1) ,

21 ) 47 7 ( 7 = + − y y M1
21 329 49 = + − y y
350 50 = y
7 = y
From (2), 2 47 ) 7 ( 7 = − = x

Therefore, the point of contact is (2 , 7 ) A1 [7]

7. (i)

Inverse function
1 −
f exists because f is one to one function. B1

(ii) 0 , ln 2 ) ( > = x x x f
Let x y ln 2 =
x
y
ln
2
=
x e
y
=
2
M1
ℜ ∈

x e x f
x
; :
2
1
 A1

1
1 2 3
x
y
2
e
0 , ln 2 ) ( > = x x x f
D1 ( shape )
D1 ( all correct )

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(iii) ) (
1
x gf

2
x
e = M1
ℜ ∈

x e x gf
x
; :
4
1
 A1
Range { }
+
ℜ ∈ y y :
A1 [8]

8. 0 ) )( ( = β − α − x x M1
0 ) (
2
= αβ + β + α − x x … ( 1 ) A1
0
2
= + + c bx ax
0
2
= + +
a
c
x
a
b
x … ( 2 ) M1
Compare ( 1 ) & ( 2 ) ;
a
b
− = β + α ,
a
c
= αβ A1
0 ) 2 (
2 2 2 2
= + − − c y ac b y a
0
) 2 (
2
2
2
2
2
= +

a
c
y
a
ac b
y … ( 3 ) B1
From above
a
b
− = β + α ,
a
c
= αβ
From ( 3 ) , sum of roots :
2
2
) 2 (
a
ac b −
= |
.
|

\
|
− |
.
|

\
|
a
c
a
b
2
2
M1
= αβ − β + α − 2 )] ( [
2

= αβ − β + αβ + α 2 2
2 2

=
2 2
β + α A1
Product of roots : ( )
2 2 2
2
2
β α = αβ =
a
c
M1
The roots are
2
α and
2
β . A1 [9]

9. 0
1
1
36 6 ) ( ' = |
.
|

\
|

− =
x
x x f M1
0
1
36 ) 1 ( 6
=

− −
x
x x

0 36 6 6
2
= − − x x
0 6
2
= − − x x A1
0 ) 2 )( 3 ( = + − x x M1
3 , 2 − = x 3 2 = ∴ ≥ x x A1 [4]

1
36 6 6
) ( '
2

− −
=
x
x x
x f B1
2
2
) 1 (
) 1 )( 36 6 6 ( ) 6 12 )( 1 (
) ( ' '

− − − − −
=
x
x x x x
x f M1

2
2 2
) 1 (
36 6 6 6 18 12

+ + − + −
=
x
x x x x

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2
2
) 1 (
42 12 6

+ −
=
x
x x
A1

2
2
) 1 (
) 7 2 ( 6

+ −
=
x
x x

2
2
) 1 (
] 6 ) 1 [( 6

+ −
=
x
x
, 1 ≠ x M1

2
) 1 (
36
6

+ =
x
A1
Range of ] 42 , 6 ( , ) ( ' ' x f B1 [6]

10. a) X is singular ; 0 = X
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 0 0 1 0 0
2 2
= − − + − b a M1
0
2 2
= − b a
( )( ) 0 = − + b a b a M1
b a ± = ∴ . A1 [3]

b) AB=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

5 4 1
2 1 3
4 2 1
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

− −

7 6 11
10 9 17
8 6 13
B1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

3 0 0
0 3 0
0 0 3
A1

|
|
|
.
|

\
|

− = − =

5 4 1
2 1 3
4 2 1
3
1
3
1
1
A B B1

13 8 6 13 − = − + r q p
20 10 9 17 = + − − r q p
14 7 6 11 − = − + r q p

|
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

− −

14
20
13
7 6 11
10 9 17
8 6 13
r
q
p
B1
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
|
.
|

\
|

− =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

14
20
13
5 4 1
2 1 3
4 2 1
3
1
r
q
p
M1

|
|
|
.
|

\
|

− =
3
9
3
3
1

=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

1
3
1
A1
∴ The solutions are 1 , 3 , 1 = − = = r q p . A1 [7]
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11.
( )( )
2
2
2 1 2
14 17 10
x x
x x
− +
+ −
( )
2
2 1 2 1 2 x
C
x
B
x
A

+

+
+

( ) ( )( ) ( ) x C x x B x A x x + + − + + − ≡ + − 2 2 1 2 2 1 14 17 10
2 2

Substituting 4 2 = − = A x M1
Substituting 2
2
1
= = C x
Substituting 1 0 = = B x A1 (any 2 correct)

( )( )
2
2
2 1 2
14 17 10
x x
x x
− +
+ −
( )
2
2 1
2
2 1
1
2
4
x
x x

+

+
+
≡ A1

= ( )
1
2 4

+ x

1
2
1
2
1
4

|
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
=
x

( )
( )( )

+ |
.
|

\
| − −
+ |
.
|

\
|
− + = ...
2 ! 2
2 1
2
1 1 2
2
x x
M1
...
2
2
2
+ + − =
x
x A1
expansion is valid for 2 < x

( ) ( )( )
( )( )
( ) ... 2
! 2
2 1
2 1 1 2 1
2 1
+ −
− −
+ − − + = −

x x x M1
... 4 2 1
2
+ + + = x x A1

( ) ( )( )
( )( )
( )

+ −
− −
+ − − + = −

... 2
! 2
3 2
2 2 1 2 2 1 2
2 2
x x x
... 24 8 2
2
+ + + = x x A1

Both expansions are valid for
2
1
< x

( )( )
2
2
2 1 2
14 17 10
x x
x x
− +
+ −
= + + −
2
2
2
x
x
2
4 2 1 x x + + ... 24 8 2
2
+ + + + x x

2
2
57
9 5 x x + + = A1
Overall, expansion is valid for |
.
|

\
|
− ∈
2
1
,
2
1
x B1 [10]
x + 2
4
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12. Asymptotes 1 , 2 = − = y x B1

[3]
i)
4
1
= h B1

B1 (all correct values)

Area

|
.
|

\
|
+ + + + |
.
|

\
|

11
3
5
1
9
1
2
3
1
0
4
1
2
1
M1
3960
743
=
1876 . 0 = A1

ii) Area =

1
0
ydx
dx
x
x

+
=
1
0
2

dx
x
∫ |
.
|

\
|
+
− =
1
0 2
2
1 M1
( ) | |
1
0
2 ln 2 x x + − = A1
( ) ( ) | | 2 ln 2 0 3 ln 2 1 − − − =

3
2
ln 2 1+ =
= 0.1891 A1

x y
0 0
4
1

9
1

2
1

5
1

4
3

11
3

1
3
1

1
1
-2
D1 (shape)
D1 (all correct)

y
x
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% error = 100
1891 . 0
1876 . 0 1891 . 0
×

= 0.793 % B1 [8]

Volume dx y

=
1
0
2
π

dx
x
x
2
1
0 2
∫ |
.
|

\
|
+
π =

dx
x
2
1
0 2
2
1
∫ |
.
|

\
|
+
− π = M1

( )
dx
x
x
∫ |
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
+
− =
1
0
2
2
4
2
4
1 π
( )
( )
1
0
2
4
2 ln 4

+
− + − π =
x
x x A1
= 0.0448π or 0.141 A1 [3]

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Name: ............................................................. Class:
954/2
Mathematics T
Paper 2
September
2009
3 hours
JABATAN PELAJARAN TERENGGANU
MATHEMATICS T
Paper 2
Instructions to candidates:
Answer all question
All necessary working should be shown clearly.
TRIAL
STPM 2009
Non - exact numerical answers may be given con'ect to three significant figures, or one decimal place in the
case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.
Mathematical tables, a list of mathematical formulae, and graph paper are provided.
Disediakan oleh: Dihiayai oleh:
AKRAM NEGERI TERENGGANU KERAJAAN NEGERI TERENGGANU
Dicetak Oleh:
Percerakun Yayasan Islam Terengganu Sdn. Bild.
Tel: 609-6t5ri R6 11/6652/860 I Faks: 609-M6 06 JI/0063
This question paper consists of 5 printed pages
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1. Solve the equation tan 2x - 2 sin x = 0 for 0 \$ x \$ 27r . [ 5 marks]
2. A, B and C are three points such that AB = 2i + 3 j and BC = 4; - j .
a) Find the angle ABC. [2 marks]
b) Express the unit vector in the direction of CA . [2 marks]
3. A tank with a rectangular base and having vertical sides of height, h is initially
full of water. The water leaks out from a small hole in the horizontal base of the
tank at a rate which at any instant, is proportional to the square root of the depth
of the water at that instant.
If x is the depth of the water, at time t after the leak started is represented by the
equation
dx = - k ~
dt
If the tank is exactly half empty after one hour, find the further time that elapse
before the tank becomes completely empty. [ 6 marks]
4. OABC is a rhombus with M and N are midpoint of AB and BC respectively.
954/2
- 2 - -
Show that OA = - (20M - ON). [ 4 marks ]
If the ;tnt A, P :nd N are collinear and OP = AOM, calculate the value of A
and deduce that AP: PN. [6 marks]
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6.
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T
Diagram 1
P. Q, Rand S are points on the circumference of a circle with LROQ = 80° ,
LPSR = 100°, L,"'·PT c: 50° and 0 is a centre as given in the diagram I above.
The tangent to the circle at P and the extended chord RS which is produced
intersect at point T.
a. Show that PR ~ 1'T. [ 3 marks ]
b. Show that PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral and determine LORP. [ 5 marks]
The rate of the decrease in the population termites p{t) is represented by the
equation
dp = __ kp , where t is the time in weeks.
dt
Initially the population WdS 8000. Two weeks later, it had dropped to 5000.
a) Estimate in how many weeks will the popUlation be just a quarter of the initial
population? [ 5 marks ]
b) When the population had reduced to half of its initial population, water
pollution fUliher decreased the population at a constant rate, R and the
relation is represented by r
kp -I- R = Ae -kl, A is a constant.
By assuming that the reproducing constant never changed, calculate R if the
termites became extinct after another 4 weeks time. [ 6 marks]
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7. A "Line Of Five" game is played by throwing a pair of fair dice, one is blue
and another one is yellow. The score is obtained as follows:
If the blue does not show 5, the score is the number on the yellow dice.
If the blue dice shows 5, the score is twice the n umber on the yellow dice.
A player throw the dice once, find
a. the probability that the score is 4 or less [ 3 marks]
b. the probability that the blue dice does not show a 'five', given the score is
more than 4. [ 4 marks]
8. A clerk produces document will an average of 0.25 errors per page. Find the
probability that the document of 20 pages has
a. no error
b. at least one error
f) at least one error on each of 12 pages and none on the others
[2 marks]
[2 marks]
[3 marks]
9. a. The successful sale of cakes in a local cake shop can be modeled binomially
and the probability of selling a piece of cake (if the customers enters the shop)
is 0.35.
Find the probability that the shopkeeper will have at least two sales in the next
fifteen customers that visit his shop. [ 2 marks ]
IV A random variable X is such that X ~ B(n,O.4).
Determine the smallest value of n for which the ratio of the mean to the
standard deviation of X more than 10 to 1. [ 4 marks ]
10. The masses of a boy students in a certain age group are normally distributed with
mean 42 kg and variance 25 kg. The masses of girl students in the same group are
also normally distributed with mean 38 kg and variance 23.04 kg.
a. Find the probability of the mass of two boys in the same group is less than
80 kg. ~ [ 3 marks ]
b. Find the probability of difference i ass of
~
. two girl in the same group is mo ethan 3kg [ 4 marks]
ii) three boys and three girls in the same group is more than 3kg.
[4 marks J
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11. The frequency table below shows the pocket money given by parents to their
children for a week.
Number of Students
o s x < 20 1
20 S x < 30 2
30 s x < 40 9
40 S x < 50 15
50 s x < 70 18
70 \$; x < 80 4
80 S x < 100 1
a. Plot a histogram for the data above and use your histogram to estimate the
mode. [ 4 marks ]
b. Calculate the variance, median and inter-quartile range for the above data.
[ 8 marks]
c. Explain why the median is more suitable representation for the amount of the
pocket money given. [ 1 mark]
12. X is continuous random variable with probability density function
,0 S; x S; 2
otherwise
a. Find the cumulative distribution function F(x) and sketch its graph.
[ 4 marks]
b. Calculate the upper quartile, q) . [2 marks]
c. The continuous random of Y is given by Y = 1-':'.
2
Show that P( Y < y) = 1 - (1- y)2 and deduce that the probability
density function of Y.
Calculate Var(Y). [ 6 marks]
954/2 .1
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