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Is s ue #3 - Jul

y 2007

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lcircl
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TH E IND E PE ND E NT M AG AZ INE FO R TH E U BU NTU CO M M U NITY

COM PIZ FUSION


COM PIZ + BERYL= EYECANDY OVERLOAD!

W E PREVIEW TH E NEW EFFECTS

REVIEW : H OW TO : INSTALL:
JUST H O W W ELL DO ES STUNNING DESK TO P STEP-BY-STEP INSTALL
TH E APPLE M ACBO O K LEARN SCRIBUS PART 3 O F XUBUNTU 7.04 :
RUN UBUNTU? LINUX PH O TO GRAPH Y FEISTY FAW N
1
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l e m agaz ine is fnot
circl ullaf
circl
iatee d- w#3
fil ith - or
Jule yndors
2007e d by CanonicalLtd.
ful
lcircl
e
Fl
avour of th e M onth - Xubuntu p.04
Th is m onth Robe rt s h ow s us a s te p-by-s te p ins tal
lation
of Xubuntu 7.04 via th e Al te rnate CD for ol d m ach ine s

H ow -To STEP- BY- STEP INSTALL P.04


Stunning Ubuntu De s k top p.07
Ubuntu for Ph otograph y p.09
Scribus - Part 2 p.12
Re vie w - Ubuntu on th e M acbook p.15
Th ink ing of buying a M acbook ?W onde ring if Ubuntu
w ork s on it?W e re ve alal
l...

Pre vie w - Com piz Fus ion p.20 P.12 P.07


M y Story - A Ye ar w ith Dappe r p.22
Figh ting to l
ive w ith Linux afte r ye ars of W indow s us e .

Ubuntu Youth p.24


Le tte rs p.25
Q& A p.26
W e bs ite of th e M onth p.27 P.09 P.20
M y De s k top & M y PC p.28
Sh ow us your m e an-m ach ine !

Th e Top 5 p.29
Andre w M in pre s e nts h is Top5 m ul
tim e dia e ncode rs

H ow to Contribute p.31 P.15 P.29

Al lte xt and im age s containe d in th is m agaz ine are re l e as e d unde r th e Cre ative Com m ons
Attribution-By-Sh are Al ik e 3.0 Unporte d l ice ns e . Th is m e ans you can adapt, copy, dis tribute and
trans m it th e articl e s but onl y unde r th e fol low ing conditions : You m us t attribute th e w ork to th e
originalauth or in s om e w ay (at l e as t a nam e , e m ailor url ) and to th is m agaz ine by nam e (ful l
circl e ) and th e urlw w w .ful lcircl
e m agaz ine .org (but not attribute th e articl e (s ) in any w ay th at
s ugge s ts th at th e y e ndors e you or your us e of th e w ork ). And If you al te r, trans form , or build upon
th is w ork , you m us t dis tribute th e re s ulting w ork unde r th e s am e , s im il ar or a com patibl e lice ns e .

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ED ITO RIA L

Wel com e to anoth e r fe ature pack e d is s ue of Ful lCircle . Th is m onth


Robe rt (m rm onday) h as tak e n th e rath e r unus uals te p of giving you an
Al te rnate Dis c ins tall. W h il
e not as pre tty as a graph icalins tal lit is an
e xce l l
e nt w ay to ins tallUbuntu on th at ol d de s k top m ach ine you're us ing
as a footre s t.

W e al s o h ave s e ve ralarticl
e s on Ubuntu e ye candy. W e te l lyou h ow to
ge t s om e w obbl y w indow goodne s s and pre vie w jus t a coupl e of th e ne w
e ffe cts th at are in Com piz Fus ion. Com piz w h at?Ye s , th at's righ t,
Com piz Fus ion. In cas e you've be e n l iving unde r a rock for th e pas t
s e ve ralm onth s : Com piz and Be rylare a coupl e , th e y w e re m arrie d a
s h ort w h ile ago but al re ady th e y've give n birth to th e ir firs t ch il
d: Com piz
Fus ion.

You m ay al s o notice th at th e re is no ne w s in th is is s ue . I de cide d to


re m ove th e ne w s s e ction s ince w e h ave to add th e ne w s approxim ate l y
tw o w e e k s be fore re l
e as e s o by th e tim e you ge t your dow nl oad, th e
ne w s is ol d and th e n I ge t e m ails from pe opl e w h o th ink w e purpos e l y
us e tw o w e e k ol d ne w s .

W h ile traw ling th e goodne s s th at is th e Ubuntu H e l p s ite


(h ttp://h e lp.ubuntu.com ) you m ay notice s om e of our articl e s popping
up. Th e Ubuntu Docum e ntation Te am h ave as k e d if w e coul d include
s om e of our m ore h e l pfularticl e s in th e Ubuntu Docum e ntation and w e 're
de ligh te d to h e l
p th e m out in any w ay w e can. Spe ak ing of w h ich : th e y're
al w ays l ook ing for vol unte e rs to h e l
p e dit th e Docum e ntation s o fe e lfre e
to s ign up to Launch Pad and offe r your s e rvice s !

I h ope you e njoy th e m agaz ine and k e e p th os e e m ail


s com ing!

Allth e be s t,
Ronnie
Editor, Ful lCircl e M agaz ine
ronnie @ fullcircl
e m agazine .org

Th is m agaz ine w as cre ate d us ing :

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FLAVO UR O FTH E M O NTH
W ritte n by Robe rt Cl
ips h am

O ve r th e pas t fe w m onth s , w e h ave s h ow n in th is s e ction h ow s im pl


e it is to ins tal
lK ubuntu and
Ubuntu. You w il lprobabl y h ave notice d h ow s im il ar th e ins tal
lproce dure is , w ith rough ly th e s am e
options , but w ith a diffe re nt inte rface . Rath e r th an s h ow you th e s am e s te ps again w ith anoth e r
inte rface , th is m onth , w e w il
ls h ow you w h at you s h oul d do about ol de r com pute rs if you w ant a m ore
s tre am line d Ubuntu.

Xubuntu is Ubuntu's l igh t w e igh t to th e ne xt s cre e n. Us e th e up/dow n


counte rpart, w h ich us e s l e s s re s ource s , arrow s , w h ich w il lallow you s e l e ct your
and h as th e s am e functional ity as country, to e nabl e th e q uick e s t dow nloads
Ubuntu. It cl aim s it can run w ith as l ittl
e of update s .
as 64M B of RAM and ne e ds onl y 1.5
gigabyte s of h ard drive s pace . I de cide d
to pus h th is to th e lim its , and cre ate a
virtualm ach ine w ith jus t 64M B of RAM
and 3GB of h ard drive s pace . To us e
64M B of RAM , you h ave to us e th e
Al te rnate Dis c. Th is re q uire s s l igh tly m ore
e ffort th an us ing a live CD, but produce s
th e s am e re s ult.

W h e n you pl ace th e dis c in th e drive , it


w illgive you m ore options th an w h e n you Th e ins talle r w illth e offe r to de te ct your
us e th e Live CD. Th e option you w ant is k e yboard l ayout, w h ich I re com m e nd you
“ Ins tal
lin te xt m ode .” Pre s s e nte r to do. Se l e ct ye s , th e n fol
low th e
be gin ins tallation. ins tructions , pre s s ing th e k e ys it te l
ls you
to.

If you are us ing s m al lam ounts of RAM ,


lik e I am , you w il
lre ce ive th is m e s s age ,
w arning you th at it w illus e Engl is h for th e
ins tallation language . Pre s s e nte r to m ove

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O nce your k e yboard l ayout h as be e n As you can im agine , partitioning your
de te cte d, it w il las k for w h at e ncoding you h ard dis k is h arde r in a non-graph ical
w oul dl ik e to us e in th e cons ol e . If you ins tal le r, s o you ne e d to be care fulto
don't k now w h at th is m e ans , th e de faul t is sel e ct th e righ t option. As you are us ing
fine . Afte r s e le cting h ow ch aracte rs an ol d PC, as l ong as you h ave tak e n al l
s h ould be e ncode d, you ne e d to s e l e ct th e im portant data off it, you s h oul d be
th e ch aracte r s e t. Again, th e de faul t is O K to re m ove W indow s , but if you w oul d
fine , unl e s s you h ave a s pe cific ne e d for lik e to dualboot you ne e d to tak e m ore
m ore col ours on th e cons ol e. care . I h ad no ne e d to be care ful ,so I
w e nt for “ Guide d – us e e ntire dis k ”, but
you s h oul d ch oos e th e re l
e vant option.

You can al w ays go back , if you de cide


th at you pick e d th e w rong option (do th is
be fore partitioning!) Th e ne xt s cre e n as k s
w h ich dis k you w oul dl ik e to e ras e (if you
ch os e th e s am e option as m e ).

Th e ins tallation th e n de te cts your


h ardw are , to load th e corre ct drive rs th e n
as k s s om e m ore q ue s tions .

Be fore th e ins tal


le r al
low s you to m ak e
any ch ange s , it confirm s w h at you w ant
to do.

It th e n as k s for a
h os t nam e (righ t).
Th is is th e nam e
th e com pute r
s h oul d dis pl ay on a ne tw ork , if you h ave
one . Ch oos e one th at w il lal
low you to
e as ily ide ntify it e g: m rm ondays -de s k top.
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You s h oul d h ave at le as t tw o partitions , continue , if you don't w ant to s e t it up.
one for root and one for s w ap. You coul d
als o m ak e one for h om e , but th is is
e as ie r to do th rough a GUI.

Th e ins tal le r w il
lw rite th e ch ange s to th e
dis k , th e n as k h ow it s h oul d s e t up th e
s ys te m cl ock . You can ch oos e h ow it
doe s it, but it is e as ie s t to jus t go for
UTC, and ch ange it l ate r.

It w il
lte l l
you it is
com pl e te ,
th e n you
s h ould re m ove th e dis k , and re s tart your
Th e ne xt th ing th e ins tal
le r as k s , is about com pute r.
us e r accounts . At th e s cre e n, e nte r your
fullnam e , th e n continue to th e ne xt At th e l ogin s cre e n, e nte r th e de tail
s you
s cre e n. Ch oos e your us e rnam e , th e n e nte re d e arl
ie r to log on. You w il lbe le ft
your pas s w ord, th e n ve rify it, s o it k now s w ith a graph icalus e r inte rface , w h ich is
you h ave e nte re d it corre ctl y. fully up to date , and capabl e w ith anyth ing
you th row at it.

Th e ins tal ler


w illth e n
ins tal lyour
l Congratul
s ys te m , but be w arne d: your input is s til ations on re s urre cting your ol
d
ne e de d! Part w ay th rough , it w il
las k you PC! H ave fun!
to configure th e X Se rve r. You can jus t h it

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H O W - TO SIM PL
Y STUNNING
W ritte n by M att H oy UBUNTU D ESK TO P
Th e tim e h as com e for m e to re ve ale xactl y h ow to ach ie ve a s tunning de s k top l
ayout from a fre s h
Ubuntu ins tal l. It’s not actual
ly th at h ard, and you’llonl y ne e d one pie ce of additionals oftw are .

th e top, and drag your ne w pane lto th e


bottom of th e s cre e n.

Now , you’l lh ave a back ground im age and


th e conte nts of your de s k top, w ith an
e m pty bottom pane l . Now , righ t cl ick th at
pane l , and ch oos e “ Prope rtie s ”. Ente r th e
“ Back ground” tab and ch oos e “ Sol id
Col or” now , cl ick th e col or s pe cifie d
autom atical ly in orde r to ch ange it, and
w h e re you can s pe cify a h e x code in th e
“ Col or Nam e :” are a, type /pas te :
“ #EFEBE7". Cl ick “ O K ”
Th e re s pons e I got w h e n I pos te d th e Drag th e trans pare ncy s l ide r s o it’s above
de s k top in th e im age above w as h uge . th e “ s par” part of trans pare nt. Now , al te r
Around 10 e m ail s pe r day floode d in for trans pare ncy to s uit your ne e ds , and cl ick
w e e k s , as k ing e xactly h ow I ach ie ve d th at “ Cl os e ”
l
ook . And, e ve ryone w h o as k e d w as give n
a q uick guide I w rote up in a fe w s e conds , Ste p Tw o
or a: “ s orry, I’l lw rite back l ate r” be caus e
I w as too bus y. Righ t cl
ick your ne w , trans pare nt pane l
and ch oos e “ Add to Pane l …”
Now , th e tim e h as com e for m e to re ve al
e xactl
y h ow to ach ie ve th is de s k top layout Scrollth rough th e icons th at appe ar in th e
from a fre s h Ubuntu ins tal l. It’s not popup and cl ick /drag th e m to th e fol
low ing
actually th at h ard, and you’l lonl y ne e d pl
ace s :
one pie ce of additionals oftw are .
* “ M ain M e nu” drag out of th e w indow
Ste p One onto th e far l
e ft of th e pane l
.

Re m ove th e top pane l , by s im ply righ t * “ W ork s pace Sw itch e r” s h oul d th e n


cl ick ing in an e m pty s pace (us ual ly be h ard up agains t th e righ t s ide of th e
be tw e e n th e “ Sys te m ” m e nu and th e m ain m e nu (to m ak e it s m al le r, righ t click
Cl ock on a fre s h ins tal l
) and ch oos ing th e s w itch e r once it’s on th e pane l , and
“ De l e te th is pane l” on th e m e nu th at ch oos e pre fe re nce s . Th e n, m ak e s ure it
appe ars . Now righ t cl ick th e bottom pane l s ays “ 2 row s ” ins te ad of “ 1 row s ”)
and cl ick “ Ne w Pane l ” s o you ge t an
e m pty, fre s h one . So you’l lh ave one * “ W indow Lis t” can th e n be pl ace d
e m pty pane l , and one bottom one . De l e te h ard up agains t th e righ t e dge of th e
th e bottom one us ing th e s am e m e th od as W ork s pace Sw itch e r.

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* “ Cl
ock ” can go into th e far righ t As s ign nam e s if re q uire d, or l
e ave as
corne r Com pute r and W as te bas k e t (I pre fe r
“ Tras h ”) and cl os e th e w indow . H e ad to
* “ Volum e Control
” agains t th e l
e ft th e de s k top, and m ove th e ne w icons to
e dge of th e cl
ock w h e re you w is h .

* “ Ne tw ork M onitor” agains t th e l


e ft Ste p Four
e dge of th e volum e
To m ak e your te rm inalw indow
* “ Notification Are a” agains t th e l
e ft trans pare nt, as s h ow n in th e s cre e n s h ot
e dge of th e Ne tw ork M onitor above , s im pl y ope n a te rm inalw indow
“ M e nu/Appl ications > Acce s orie s >
O nce you’re h appy w ith th e l ayout of th e Te rm inal” cl ick “ Edit” and ch oos e
pane l , righ t click e ve ryth ing you’ve adde d “ Curre nt Profil e…”
to it and cl ick “ Lock to Pane l ” to pre ve nt
accide ntaldragging w h e n cl ick ing. In th e w indow th at appe ars , cl ick th e
“ Effe cts ” tab, and look at th e bottom for
Ste p Th re e th e trans pare ncy s lide r, w h e re you can
adjus t th e trans pare ncy to s uit your ne e ds .
Now I’m corre ct in th ink ing you’ve got a
trans pare nt pane lw ith your icons l aid out Ste p Five
oh -s o-w e l
l. H ow e ve r, you’re m is s ing
“ Tras h ” on th at bottom bar, re m e m be r? Th at’s it! O nce you’ve ch os e n a s im il ar
And you’l lw ant “ Com pute r” up th e re in w allpape r (th e one in th e s cre e ns h ot
th e top corne r too. Now , th e re are e as y above can be found w h e n ins tal ling
w ays of doing th is , and h ard w ays of K ubuntu, or can be dow nl oade d from
doing th is . I’lls h are th e e as ie s t one I h ttp://w w w .file h ive .com /fil
e s /0119 /s oft-
k now . gre e n.jpg) your de s k top s h oul dl ook as
good as m ine did back th e n.
Dow nl oad and ins tal lth e .de b fil e:
h ttp://w w w .ge tde b.ne t/ge tde b.ph p?fil e =gn Pl e as e le ave a com m e nt l e tting m e k now
om e - h ide s e e k _ 0.6.0- 1ge tde b1_ i386.de b h ow you got on, or w h e th e r th is guide
O nce you’ve ins tal le d th e fil
e , click your hel pe d you. H ope fully you s h oul d h ave no
ne w m ain m e nu in th e bottom l e ft corne r, probl e m s foll
ow ing th e s e s im pl e
cl ick “ Sys te m Tool s ” and ch oos e ins tructions but if you do, s im pl y m e ntion
“ GNO M E H ide and Se e k ”, an appl ication in a com m e nt w h at e rror/probl e m you’re
th at le ts you configure s om e of th e h idde n ge tting to and I’l lge t righ t on to h e l ping
s e cre ts in Ubuntu. you.

Cl ick “ De s k top” in th e l e ft m e nu of th e
H ide and Se e k w indow th at ope ns , th e n
click th e “ Icons ” tabs . M ak e s ure th e
boxe s of “ Com pute r icon vis ibl e on
de s k top” and “ W as te bas k e t vis ibl e on
de s k top” are tick e d. (W as te bas k e t m ay
als o be cal le d tras h , de le te d ite m s , e tc.
de pe nding on th e l anguage s e ttings and
ve rs ion of your Ubuntu s e tup)

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H O W - TO UBUNTU FO R
W ritte n by Sh ay Ste ph e ns PH O TO G RA PH Y
Th e re is a w e al
th of inform ation out th e re about e diting ph otograph s on W indow s and M ac pl atform s ,
but not s o m uch about Linux. So I h ope to re ctify th at h e re w ith inform ation th at m ay be be ne ficialto
th e Linux-bas e d ph otograph e r or th os e s im pl
y conte m plating a m ove to Linux.

As a w e dding ph otograph e r com ing from


al ong and h e avy W indow s back ground, I
w as n't ve ry fl ue nt or capabl e w ith Linux
w h e n I firs t s tarte d inve s tigating it l as t
ye ar. I trie d out a l ot of ve rs ions untilI
cam e to Ubuntu Linux. Ubuntu w as th e
firs t ve rs ion of Linux th at w ork e d on both
m y de s k top and l aptop, and th at s e al ed
th e de alfor m e . I th e n be gan dualbooting
be tw e e n Ubuntu and W indow s XP. And
little by l ittl
e , I s tarte d m oving m ore and
m ore w ork ove r to Ubuntu untilone day Bl
ack and w h ite im age conve rs ion in Bibbl
e Pro
late De ce m be r 2006 w h e n I ins tal l
eda
ne w s ound card in m y de s k top, W indow s
de cide d it didn't l ik e th at, and tol dme I program as a W indow s com patibil ity laye r
h ad to ge t pe rm is s ion from M icros oft to th at m ak e s th e W indow s bas e d program
k e e p us ing m y com pute r. W e l lI got tire d you w ant to run th ink it is running in
of doing th at al lth e tim e , and can't re al l
y W indow s . W ine s til lis n't at th e 1.0 l e ve lof
afford th e unre l iabil ity th is introduce s into com pl e te ne s s , but it is clos e e nough now
m y com pute r, s o I de nie d W indow s ' th at Ph otos h op 7 and m any oth e r
de m and, and ins te ad back e d up al lm y W indow s -bas e d program s run ve ry w e l l
.
data be fore th e 3-day s h ut-off date
e xpire d. Th e s w itch ove r w as com pl e te , Th e firs t tas k for m e w h e n I m ade th e
and I h ave not l ook e d back s ince . s w itch in ope rating s ys te m s w as to find a
RAW e ditor I coul d us e . Righ t now th at
M y s park l y ne w Linux com pute r now runs e ditor is Bibbl e Pro 4.9 .5 from Bibbl e
a s e m i-diffe re nt line up of s oftw are th an it Labs . It took m e a l ittl
e bit of tim e to ge t
did w ith W indow s : ins te ad of Adobe us e d to th e inte rface and w ays of
Bridge for e diting RAW fil e s , I us e Bibble accom pl is h ing tas k s (com ing from an
Pro 4.9 .5; ins te ad of running Ne ro to burn Adobe back ground), but I h ave be e n
CD's and DVD's , I us e a program cal led ul tim ate ly abl e to do al lm y RAW w ork
K 3b. Th e re are a fe w W indow s -bas e d w ith Bibbl e as e fficie ntly as I did w ith
program s I s til lne e d to run for l ack of Adobe Bridge . Th e nice th ing about
be tte r Linux-bas e d al te rnative s . Som e Bibbl e is th at it runs on W indow s , M ac,
notabl e e xam pl e s are Ph otos h op 7, and Linux pl atform s s o you re al ly h ave
M e m orie s O nTV, and Star W ars Je di th e m os t fre e dom to us e w h ich e ve r
K nigh t II, al lof w h ich I am h appy to re port s ys te m you w ant. If you th ink you m ay
are w ork ing ve ry w e l lin a program cal l
ed w ant to s w itch ope rating s ys te m s , you
W ine . Th e m ak e rs of W ine de s cribe th e can s tart us ing Bibbl e now on W indow s to
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ge t fam il iar w ith it, th e n w h e n you m ak e ph oto. M any us e rs w il
lbe abl e to us e it
th e s w itch , you are l igh t ye ars ah e ad of as is righ t now for allth e ir ne e ds .
th e le arning curve w h e n you us e Bibbl e in
Linux.

Som e of th e program h igh l igh ts in


addition to s tandard RAW e diting are s pot
h e aling and patch ing, Nois e Ninja, l e ns
dis tortion corre ction, vigne tte controland
B& W conve rs ions .

Th e Bibbl e s upport forum s are ve ry


hel pfultoo and th e re are various h ow -to's ,
docum e ntation, and vide os to h e l p out th e
ne w com e r to Bibbl e . Don't be s h y about
s igning up for th e forum , th e y w il
ltre at If I w e re to try and de s cribe Ligh tZ one in
you w e ll
. one w ord it w oul d be "organic". It is one
of th os e program s th at jus t fe e l
s lik e it is
Th e Nois e Ninja capabil ity in Bibbl
e is
not s o te ch nicaland m e ch aniz e d but
lim ite d if you don't h ave a Nois e Ninja
m ore anal og, fuz z y and natural . Not in a
lice ns e , but if you do h ave one , or
bad w ay m ind you, but m ore in th e s e ns e
purch as e th e H om e Standal one ve rs ion,
th at th e re s ul
ts you ge t h ave m ore of a
th e n al lth e fe ature s ope n up for us e . Jus t
h and-crafte d l ook and fe e lto th e m as if
be aw are to us e Nois e Ninja s paringl y, as
you w e re cre ating th e im age s in a
it w illre ally slow th ings dow n if you appl y
dark room by h and. Be w are , once you try
Nois e Ninja to e ve ry ph oto in th e fol de r
th e program you m ay ge t h ook e d by it!
you are w ork ing on.
Th e Linux ve rs ion is curre ntl y be ing
Th e de ve l opm e nt of Bibbl e is ve ry active
offe re d at no cos t. Th e W indow s and M ac
and us e fulfe ature s are be ing adde d al l
ve rs ions cos t $249 .9 5 for th e fullve rs ion
th e tim e . Th e price is affordabl e too,
and $149 .9 5 for th e bas ic ve rs ion.
curre ntl y $129 .9 5 for th e Pro ve rs ion and
$69 .9 5 for th e Lite ve rs ion. W h e n it com e s to cre ating s l ide s h ow s in
Linux, no native Linux appl ications re al ly
Anoth e r inte re s ting RAW e diting program
s tand up and s ay "Us e m e !". So th e one I
th at jus t e nte re d m y radar is Ligh tZ one ,
am us ing righ t now is a W indow s bas e d
w h ich h as a ve ry uniq ue inte rface th at
program cal le d M e m orie s O nTV 3.1.8 from
com bine s th e ide a of th e z one s ys te m
Code Jam . It h as re ce ntl y s tarte d w ork ing
and corre ction l aye rs . It can al s o do s pot
via W ine and I am cre ating s om e ve ry
h e aling and cl oning. It is l ack ing a fe w
nice s lide s h ow s w ith it.
k e y fe ature s for m e , but th e y s ay th e ne xt
update or tw o w il llik e l
y tak e care of th at. M e m orie s O nTV is al s o in active
Ligh tZ one fe e l s e as y and intuitive to us e de ve l opm e nt, s o it pays to ch e ck th e
once you be com e fam il iar w ith th e tools w e bs ite e ve ry now and again to s e e if
th at are avail abl e . Th e inte rface , as you th e re are any update s . Bug fixe s and th e
can s e e h as a s im pl e layout and doe s n't occas ionaladde d fe ature find th e ir w ay
ge t in th e w ay. And ye t, a ph otograph e r into m os t update s , th e l ate s t be ing
can s tack up a ve ry com pl icate d s e t of "cl ips h ow s " and "m ul tipl
e sl ide s ".
adjus tm e nts and corre ctions to e ach

10
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Th e bas ics of th e program are s im pl e and re place m e nt for th e W indow s bas e d Ne ro
pre tty s traigh tforw ard. You add th e ph otos w h ich w as m y m ain burning appl ication in
you w ant, th e n appl y m us ic and W indow s . Inte re s tingl y, th e re is a Linux
trans itions as de s ire d, th e n re nde r th e ve rs ion of Ne ro cal le d Ne roLinux, but it
vide o. Th e re are a l ot of options and h as n't w ork e d as w e l las K 3b for m e and
cus tom is ations al low e d, s o you can tail or ce rtainly doe s n't l ook as nice as K 3b.
th e s l ide s h ow to be as s im pl e and Ne roLinux l ook s l ik e a th row back to th e
el e gant as you w ant or as fl as h y and s tone -age of com puting (10 ye ars ago!) -
gl itz y as your e ye s can h andl e. I k now th at is pe tty, but th e re it is . If you
M e m orie s O nTV can be purch as e d from are not as pe tty as I am and w ant to us e
th e Code Jam w e bs ite and cos ts $79 .9 9 Ne roLinux de s pite its front e nd, you can
for th e Pro ve rs ion and $49 .9 9 for th e do s o w ith out ch arge if you al re ady h ave
H om e ve rs ion. a Ne ro l ice nce : jus t e nte r your k e y into
Ne roLinux and aw ay you go. If you don't
h ave a k e y, you can buy one for $19 .9 9
from th e Ne roLinux w e bpage .

I m e ntione d us ing Ph otos h op 7 via W ine .


Th e re are Linux al te rnative s to Ph otos h op
7 s uch as Gim p, K rita, e tc, but th e te xt
layout capabil ity is curre ntly ve ry prim itive
in th os e program s . So w h e n I ne e d to
cre ate DVD box art, ph oto book s , e tc, I
s til
lne e d to re ly on Ph otos h op 7 to ge t it
done e fficie ntly.

You can ge ne rate a dis k im age w ith For e ve ryday ph oto e diting, Gim p, K rita,
M e m orie s O nTV and us e K 3b to burn it to and th e oth e rs do a ve ry good job, and
a DVD. If you are us ing a s e parate DVD th e upcom ing ve rs ion 2.4 of Gim p w il l
auth oring program , you can h ave h ave a h e al ing brus h and oth e r gre at
M e m orie s O nTV jus t ge ne rate m pg fil es tool s you m ay be us e d to from
ins te ad. I us e a DVD auth oring program Ph otos h op. I am curre ntl y us ing Gim p to
cal l
e d 'Q' DVD-Auth or, s o I opt for th e batch proce s s m y ful l
-s iz e im age s into
m pg fil e ge ne ration. 'Q' DVD-Auth or is a w e b-s iz e d ve rs ions th at I can upl oad to
bit finick y to us e , s o I am not ye t m y w e bs ite . If you h ave pre vious l y be e n
re com m e nding it for ge ne ralus e . us ing th e s cripting capabil ity of
Al th ough if you w ant com pl e te controlof Ph otos h op, you w il le njoy th e abil ity to
th e DVD m e nu s tructure and l ayout, it is cre ate s cripting in Gim p too as th e
your be s t be t and w e l lw orth th e e ffort to autom ation capabil itie s re al ly s h ine w h e n
le arn to us e it. unde r s cripting control . M ore about th at
th ough in a l ate r articl e . Untilth e n, ch e ck
K 3b (th e CD/DVD burning program ) jus t out th e Re s ource Re pos itory for l ink s to
re ce ntly m ade th e 1.0 l e ve l th e com panie s and products m e ntione d in
(congratul ations to th e m ) and it is th e onl y th is articl e.
Linux burning program th at I k now of th at
offe rs data ve rification, s om e th ing I If you h ave q ue s tions or com m e nts you
pe rs onal ly can't live w ith out. K 3b re ally is can s e nd th e m to m e via :
th e be s t Linux bas e d burning program I h ttp://w w w .s h ays te ph e ns .com /contact.ph p
h ave us e d and h as be e n a gre at

11
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H O W - TO
W ritte n by Ronnie Tuck e r
PART 3

In th is th ird articl
e in th e Scribus s e rie s w e w il
ldis cus s form atting te xt and cre ating 'paragraph s tyl
es'
w h ich w il lall
ow us to form at te xt q uick l y and e as il
y at th e click of a m ous e button.

Anyone w h o h as us e d O pe nO ffice Th is w indow allow s us to cre ate - and e dit


e xte ns ive l
y w il
lk now h ow tim e cons um ing - paragraph s tyle s th at w e w il
lus e in our
it can be s e le cting ch unk s of te xt, docum e nt. Click Ne w .
appl ying bol d, s crol
ling dow n, s e l e cting
m ore te xt, m aybe ch anging th e font type ,
font s iz e and s o on. W ith in Scribus w e
can s e t up 'Paragraph Styl e s ' for te xt, for
now , th ink of a paragraph s tyl e as jus t
be ing a s h ortcut th at w il
ldo m os t of th e
w ork for you.

Le t's cre ate a paragraph s tyl e . H e re 's m y


docum e nt from l as t m onth .

From th is w indow w e can e dit al lof th e


s tyl e s prope rtie s . Eve ryth ing from font
s tyl e , dis tance be tw e e n paragraph l ine s ,
bol d, ital ic, paragraph orie ntation and
col our. H ave a pl ay around w ith th e
s e ttings to ge t a paragraph s tyl e you l ik e :
Now in th e Scribus m e nu ch oos e Edit >
Paragraph Styl es

12
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O k , I've pick e d a rath e r garis h l
ook ing You can s e e I h ave a de finite paragraph
font, orie ntation and col ouring but it's to in th e righ t col um n, s o for th is e xam pl e I
m ak e it s tand out m ore in th e w ant to m ak e th at paragraph h ave a
s cre e ns h ots , you w ould obvious l y ch oos e diffe re nt s tyl e from th e re s t of th e te xt.
s om e th ing a bit m ore pl e as ing on th e e ye ! Norm al ly I'd h ave to s e l e ct th e bl ock of
te xt to al te r th e font type , s iz e and s o on,
W ith your s tyle ch os e n, it's tim e to s ave it. but not now ! W e h ave a paragraph s tyl e
At th e top of th e w indow you'l ls e e a te xt re ady to do al lth e w ork for us . To appl y
e ntry box th at curre ntl y s ays 'Ne w Styl e' our s tyl e to our paragraph w e s im pl y
in h e re type a m e aningfulnam e . I'l lcal l doubl e cl ick on our te xt box (to be gin
m ine 'im portant' and I'l lus e it for e diting it) and pl ace our fl as h ing curs or
im portant te xt. And cl ick O K . And th e re it w ith in th e paragraph w e w ant to appl y th e
s h ow s in our lis t of Paragraph Styl es. s tyl e to. In th e Prope rtie s w indow , cl ick
th e Te xt tab. You'l ls e e a dropdow n m e nu
title d Styl e , click w h e re it s ays No Styl e or
on th e dow n arrow and you'l ls e e your
paragraph s tyl e.

And cl
ick ok to s afe l
y cl
os e th at w indow .

Now th e im portant th ing about Paragraph


Styl e s is th at it w ork s on paragraph s . I
h ate to s tate th e obvious but as you can
s e e in our docum e nt s o far: th e re are no
paragraph s . So to add s om e paragraph s
I'lle dit th e te xt and add a fe w carriage
re turns (Ente r k e y)

Cl ick th e nam e of your paragraph s tyl e


and your paragraph w il ls udde nl
y tak e on
th e prope rtie s of your paragraph s tyle.

You can al
s o cl
ick once on a col
um n and
13
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apply a paragraph s tyl
e to th e e ntire
col
um n.

Pl ay around w ith al lth e options in th e


Paragraph Styl e s w indow as it m ak e s a
big diffe re nce to your l ayout. A l ot of
Th e oth e r good th ing about Paragraph publ ications e ffe ctive l
y us e a bl ank l ine
Styl e s is th at any ch ange s you m ak e to afte r e ach l ine of te xt (to m ak e for e as ie r
th e s tyle is autom atically appl ie d to re ading) s o e dit your l ine s pacing to about
anyw h e re th at s tyl
e is appl ie d w ith in your th e h e igh t of your te xt to ge t th at e ffe ct.
docum e nt! Som e publ ications w il lh ave th e ir w ords
s pre ad out to cove r th e ful lw idth of th e
If I do Edit > Paragraph Styl e s , cl
ick m y col um n w h ich can l ook good but can al so
s tyle nam e and click on th e Edit button failm is e rabl y if your las t line onl y h as
and ch ange a fe w th ings : th re e s h ort w ords and th e y are s pre ad our
acros s a w ide are a s o be care fulw ith th at.

Paragraph Styl e s are a gre at tim e s ave r


and you w il lne e d th e m w ith in your
publ ication for various type s of te xt. For
e xam pl e : on th is page th at you're re ading
now , it h as a paragraph s tyl e for th e s m al
l
introductory te xt (at th e top of th e page )
and a s tyl e for th e m ain body of th e
article . Som e page s h ave a s tyl e for th e
s m allcaption te xt unde r ph otograph s .

Sim il arly, to s tandardis e your col ours


w ith in th e publ ication you can cre ate
Col our Styl e s , but w e 'l
ldis cus s th at in
Part 4.

Cl ick O K to acce pt th os e ch ange s , and


click O K to clos e th e Paragraph Styl es
w indow ... Ne xt m onth w e 'l llook at Colour Style s . Th is
allow s us to cre ate a s e t of col
ours w h ich
Voil a! It autom atically ch ange s al
l w il
lbe us e d th rough out th e publ ication. It
m e ans w e don't h ave to re m e m be r col our
ins tance s of th at paragraph s tyle! val ue s , a re altim e s ave r!

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REVIEW UBUNTU O N
W ritte n by Luca De M arini A PPLE M A CBO O K
In m y localLUG m ail ing lis t, l
ate l
y, one of m y frie nds as k e d, w ith out w il
ling to produce any fl am e or
ins ul
t, w h y on e arth do s o m any pe opl e buy a m acbook to ins tal lUbuntu on it. H is q ue s tions w e re ,
bas ically: is th e cos t particul arl
y conve nie nt com pare d to oth e rs l aptops ?Doe s it h ave a s upe rior
h ardw are ?Is th e h ardw are com patibl e w ith Linux?Le t's bring s om e l igh t into th is dark ne s s of doubts .

Price / Qual
ity cons ide r th at w e 're tal
k ing about ve ry
portabl e laptops , ofte n us e d for vide o
In is s ue #2 of Ful lCircl e M agaz ine w e confe re nce s .
re ad th e re vie w by Al an H ood of th e
Sys te m 76 Darte r Laptop. I th ink th at th e O n th e oth e r h and, th e Darte r h as tw o
M acbook can be com pare d dire ctl y to th is im portant advantage s : a PCI Expre s s
product from Sys te m 76, s ince it is a ve ry card s l ot to ins tal l, for e xam pl e , an
s im il
ar laptop in dim e ns ions and e ve n in inte rne t conne ctivity card, and m uch m ore
look . So, jus t to be gin, both products can vide o m e m ory. Th e card re ade r is not a
be bough t w ith a m inim aland ch e ap big goal , s ince th e re are a l ot of USB
configuration or w ith a pow e rfuland card re ade rs around. And in th is vie w of
e xpe ns ive one . In th e fol l
ow ing table w e 'l l th ings you coul d agre e w ith m e th at e ve n
com pare th e e ntry l e ve lconfiguration of th e PCI Expre s s s l ot, at th e e nd, is not al l
both s ys te m s . th at advantage : you can find al m os t any
PCIM CIA card h ardw are in USB ve rs ion
As you can s e e from th e tabl e (ne xt too. Th e M acBook doe s not h ave an S-
page ), th e M acbook is gre atl y s upe rior in Vide o out and th is coul d be a bad
al ot of dras tical ly im portant com pone nts h andicap if you w oul dl ik e to conne ct it to
s uch as th e CPU, H ard Dis c, Ram . Th e a te le vis ion. O f cours e th e re are adapte rs
CPU al one w oul d m ak e th e M acBook w in avail abl e onl ine . Anoth e r gre at advantage
th is com paris on ch art but it al s o h as of th e Darte r is th e opticaldrive : th e e ntry
doubl e th e H D and Ram and th e s e are le ve lve rs ion of th e M acbook onl y h as a
re al ly im portant factors w h e n ch oos ing a CD burne r and DVD re ade r w h il e th e
laptop (You w il lnot be abl e to upgrade Darte r h as a DVD burne r and th at's not a
th e CPU in th e future ). Th e s cre e n is littl
e diffe re nce .
anoth e r gre at point of th e M acBook . Eve n
if it is of th e s am e s iz e and re s ol ution, th e As a concl us ion w e can s ay th at th e
s cre e n of a M ac is a s upe rior e xpe rie nce Darte r cos ts too m uch for w h at it is in th e
any w ay you l ook at it. O nl y s om e m ode l s e ntry l e ve lcom paris on ch art. At al m os t
of Sony Vaio can com pe te w ith th e th e s am e price , a M acBook is s o m uch
q ual ity of a M acBook s cre e n, and w e fas te r, but it h as no DVD Burne r and th at
k now th at Appl e com pute rs are inte nde d is re al ly th e onl y bad ne w s . If you w ant to
principal ly for profe s s ionalgraph ic be abl e to burn DVDs you h ave to buy
de s igne rs . th e M e dium Le ve lM acbook at a Ful lprice
of $1,29 9 .00 or $1,19 9 .00 for Stude nts
Th e M acBook h as an inte grate d w e bcam pl us al lth e goodie s s uch as fre e Ipod,
too and th is is a gre at point if you fre e printe r and s o on. And re m e m be r th at
15
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K e y:
Gre e n : th is com pone nt is s upe rior to th e one of th e oth e r com pute r
Re d : th is com pone nt is s e rious l
y infe rior com pare d to th e one of th e oth e r com pute r
Bl
ack : th is com pone nt is infe rior to th e one of th e oth e r com pute r but th at's not a big is s ue .
Bl
ue : th e tw o com pone nts are th e s am e , th e re 's no re aldiffe re nce .

Sys te m 76 Darte r Laptop Apple M acBook


Entry Le ve lm ode l Entry Le ve lm ode l
Proce s s or Spe e d: Ce l
e ron M 410 1.46GH z Proce s s or Spe e d: 2.0GH z Inte lCore 2 Duo
1M B 533 FSB
Ram : 1GB 667 DDR2 SDRAM – 2x512
Ram : 512 M B DDR2 667 M H z
H D: 80GB Se rialATA @ 5400 rpm
H D: 40 GB 5400 RPM
O pticalDrive : Com bo Drive (DVD-RO M /CD-
O pticalDrive : CD-RW / DVD-RW (DualLaye r) RW )
Dis pl
ay: 13.3” W ide s cre e n W XGA (1280X800) Dis play: 13.3-inch (vie w abl
e ) gl
os s y
Graph ics : Inte lGM A 9 50 224 M B Inte grate d W ide s cre e n 1280 x 800 pixe l
s
Graph ics Graph ics : Inte lGM A 9 50 graph ics proce s s or
Sound: Inte lH igh De finition Audio w ith 64M B of DDR2 SDRAM s h are d

Ne tw ork ing: 10/100(LAN) Sound: Inte grate d

W ire l
e s s : Inte l802.11 abg & Bl
ue tooth Ne tw ork ing: 10/100(LAN)

Card Re ade r: 4 in 1 Card Re ade r W ire l


e s s : AirPort Extre m e Card & Bl
ue tooth

Expans ion: PCI Expre s s Card Sl


ot (34/54) Card Re ade r: None

Ports : VGA, 3x USB 2.0, M ic In, H e adph one Expans ion: None
O ut, Fire W ire 139 4B, S-Vide o Ports : VGA, 2x USB 2.0, M ic In, H e adph one
W e bcam : None O ut, Fire W ire 139 4B

Price : $9 9 5.00 W e bcam : Inte grate d


Price : $1,118.00, Stude nts : $9 9 9 .00 w ith a
fre e Ipod Nano

16
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th is M e dium Le ve lve rs ion of th e M acBook H ardw are Com patibil
ity
is re ally a m ons te r in pe rform ance and
com pone nt q ual ity. Th e Darte r h as a l ot of h ardw are is s ue s
w ith Ubuntu. For s om e com pone nts you'l l
Now l e t's com pare th e tw o be s t ve rs ions ne e d to do s om e h ard w ork to h ave
of both com pute rs , cus tom iz e d to be th e Ubuntu run corre ctl y and s om e oth e r
m os t bl e e ding e dge as pos s ibl
e. com pone nts jus t w on't w ork . Th e w ors t
as pe ct of th e Darte r is th e s us pe nd
So at th is point th ings ch ange a l ittl
e . Th e fe ature not w ork ing in Ubuntu. As I
Darte r h as a s l igh tly fas te r CPU but h as al re ady s aid, w e 're tal k ing about ve ry
le s s RAM and h al f th e h ard drive s pace . portabl e laptops h e re and th e s us pe nd
For th e re s t of th e com pone nts , e ve ryth ing fe ature is re ally a m us t-h ave in m y
is th e s am e as in th e Entry Le ve l opinion. H ow can you corre ctl y us e a
com paris on ch art e xce pt th at th e laptop of th is k ind if you cannot jus t cl os e
M acBook of cours e catch e s up th e Darte r th e m onitor and m ove w ith it going
w ith th e DVD duall aye r Burne r. But th e autom atical ly in s l e e p m ode ?
price of th e M acBook com pare d to th e
q ual ity and pow e r of th e incl ude d Wel l
, th e M acbook h as no h ardw are is s ue
com pone nts is w h at m ak e s th e re al w ith Ubuntu, but th e re is s om e s l igh t
diffe re nce . You can s e e from th is ch art configuration ne e de d. W h e n you ins tal l
above th at th e re 's at l e as t a $347.00 Ubuntu Fe is ty on a M acBook you notice
diffe re nce of price h e re ! Th e M acBook is th at th e re s ol ution is ve ry l
ow , th e re 's no
ch e ape r and m ore pow e rfulin e ve ry w ire l
e s s , s us pe nd doe s not w ork and a
com pone nt e xce pt th e CPU (and s om e fe w fire bal l
s w illfal
lfrom th e s k y dire ctl y
acce s s orie s ) but th e gam e is n't ove r ye t. to your h ous e . But th e re is an e as y guide
in th e Ubuntu W e bSite :
Look and De s ign h ttp://h e lp.ubuntu.com /com m unity/M acBook

As w e can s e e from th e ph otograph s , th e W ith in th e h our you'l lh ave e ve ry s ingl e


Darte r h as a s im il ar l ook to th e Appl e pie ce of h ardw are w ork ing pe rfe ctl y,
M acBook . Both are e l e gant, w ith a w h ite incl uding a w onde rfuls us pe nd fe ature
col or and tiny dim e ns ions . If w e l ik e th is (w ith no bug, pe rfe ctl y w ork ing, jus t clos e
k ind of particul ars , th e Darte r h as vis ibl e th e m onitor l id and Ubuntu w il ls tart
s pe ak e r w h ich m ay be a nice ch oice or a sl e e ping, ope n it up again and it w il l
bad one , de pe nding on your tas te s . im m e diate l y w ak e up, jus t l ik e w ith Appl e
O SX), gre at s cre e n re s ol ution, ful lope n
W e re ad in th e Darte r Re vie w (in Ful l s ource w i-fi s upport, bl ue tooth and
Circl e M agaz ine Is s ue #2) th at th e gray e ve ryth ing e l s e you'd e ve r ne e d. O ne of
le tte ring on th e k e ys is m aybe too l igh t to th e m os t incre dibl e facts about th e
be corre ctl y us e d. Th is probl e m is not s o h ardw are of a M acBook is th at e ve ry
e vide nt in th e M acBook s e rie s as th e s ingl e fe ature w il lw ork w ith out th e ne e d
le tte ring is gray, but dark e nough to l et of proprie tary drive rs onl y ope n s ource
you dis tinguis h e ach l e tte r be tte r. As for s oftw are ! Th e M acBook is probabl ya
th e s tyl is h as pe ct of th e M acBook , I gue s s laptop w ith s om e of th e gre ate s t Ubuntu
th e re are s om e cooladvantage s s uch as com patibil ity around. You jus t h ave to
th e l um ine s ce nt Appl e l ogo and th e configure it a l ittl
e!
pul s ing w h ite ligh t w h e n th e com pute r is in
s tandby and th is brings us to th e ne xt Th e M acBook is al s o q uie t, and it ne ve r
ch apte r of th is re vie w . h e ate d up once w h il
e us ing it. So e ve n

17
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Sys te m 76 Darte r Laptop Appl e M acBook
Be s t Ve rs ion M ode l Be s t Ve rs ion M ode l

Proce s s or Spe e d: Core 2 Duo T7600 Proce s s or Spe e d: 2.0GH z Inte lCore 2 Duo
2.33GH z 4M B 667FSB Ram : 2GB 667 DDR2 SDRAM – 2x1GB
Ram : 1.5 GB DDR2 667 M H z H D: 200GB Se rialATA @ 4200 rpm
H D: 100 GB 5400 RPM O pticalDrive : Supe rDrive 8x (DVD± R
O pticalDrive : CD-RW / DVD-RW (DualLaye r) DL/DVD± RW /CD-RW )

Dis pl
ay: 13.3” W ide s cre e n W XGA (1280X800) Dis play: 13.3-inch (vie w abl
e ) gl
os s y
W ide s cre e n 1280 x 800 pixe l
s
Graph ics : Inte lGM A 9 50 224 M B Inte grate d
Graph ics Graph ics : Inte lGM A 9 50 graph ics proce s s or
w ith 64M B of DDR2 SDRAM s h are d
Sound: Inte lH igh De finition Audio
Sound: Inte grate d
Ne tw ork ing: 10/100(LAN)
Ne tw ork ing: 10/100(LAN)
W ire l
e s s : Inte l802.11 abg & Bl
ue tooth
W ire l
e s s : AirPort Extre m e Card & Bl
ue tooth
Card Re ade r: 4 in 1 Card Re ade r
Card Re ade r: None
Expans ion: PCI Expre s s Card Sl
ot (34/54)
Expans ion: None
Ports : VGA, 3x USB 2.0, M ic In, H e adph one
O ut, Fire W ire 139 4B, S-Vide o Ports : VGA, 2x USB 2.0, M ic In, H e adph one
O ut, Fire W ire 139 4B
W e bcam : None
W e bcam : Inte grate d
Price : $1,9 02.00
Price : Ful l$1,649 .00, Stude nts : $1,514.00
w ith a fre e Ipod Nano include d.

th e cooling s ys te m w ork s nice l


y w ith and too s l ow on W indow s . So if you are a
Ubuntu, e ve n w ith Be ryl/ Com piz profe s s ionalyou m ay w ant to h ave O SX
activate d. And I al w ays h ave Com piz in dualboot w ith Ubuntu.
Fus ion activate d.
DualBooting is ve ry s im pl e us ing
Anoth e r advantage of a M acBook : it can BootCam p (s e e m y Ubuntu Fe is ty on a
boot Appl e O SX! O SX is , in m y opinion, M ini M ac Guide / Re vie w in Ful lCricl
e
th e be s t proprie tary O pe rating Sys te m M agaz ine Is s ue #2) but you m ay find
around and it is ne e de d by Arch ite cts l ik e s om e is s ue if you try advance d
m e to run s om e ne ce s s ary CAD s oftw are configurations , s o I'llw rite a guide about
(s uch as Arch icad) not avail able for Linux it, s tay tune d. W h il
e booting Ubuntu w ith
18
ful
lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
W indow s m ay not m ak e a l ot of s e ns e avail abl e on th e m ark e t (of cours e you
(e s pe cial l
y now th at w e can partial l
y can ins tal lany oth e r O pe rating Sys te m s
virtual iz e 3D h ardw are acce l e ration th ank s you l ik e s uch as O pe n Sol aris , BSD, e ct.,
to VM GL) it doe s m ak e a l ot of s e ns e s ince it is an Inte lbas e d com pute r). you'l l
booting it w ith O SX (w e can't e ve n h ardly m is s th e PCM CIA s l ot, be lie ve m e ,
corre ctl y virtual iz e O SX ye t). Th e h ard w h y w oul d you e ve r ne e d it afte r all?
drive is re al ly h uge in al m os t any
M acBook ve rs ion, s o, dual booting is And did I m e ntion th at e ve n th e buil t-in
s im ple and conve nie nt! w e bcam w ork s fl aw l essly w ith Ubuntu?
You can us e it for e xam pl e w ith Ek iga or
Support w ith Gnom e Ch e e s e (Sim il ar to O SX
Ph oto Booth ). I've be e n re al ly ple as e d
W e h ave to re m e m be r th at Appl e w ith th is laptop and ne ve r found a
s upports M acBook s onl y w ith O SX probl e m w ith it. Don't be s care d about th e
ins tal le d and doe s not s upport th e dim e ns ions of th e s cre e n: e ve n if it is only
ins tal lation of Ubuntu dire ctl y. So you a 13.5'', th e h igh re s ol ution and pe rfe ct
cannot ph one or e m ailAppl e if you h ave com bination of l igh t, contras t, colors ,
is s ue s w ith Ubuntu in your M acBook ! Th is re fle ction pre ve ntion m ak e s it a pe rfe ct
doe s n't l ook to m e as a big de alth ough w ork s tation and re m e m be r th at you can
and you s h oul dn't be w orrie d about it at e as ily conne ct it to an e xte rnalm onitor, if
al l. In Ubuntu Forum s th e re 's an e ntire you w ant. A l arge num be r of pe opl e
cate gory de dicate d to Inte lM ac Us e rs , ch oos e a M acBook as th e pe rfe ct
fille d w ith w is e pe ople re ady and w il ling to h ardw are for Ubuntu, th ink about it, th e
hel p you w ith any q ue s tion! Th is is a price is re al ly w orth th e gain.
re al ly big com m unity s upport advantage .

Concl
us ions and Rating

Th e M acBook is probabl y th e be s t s ys te m Sum m ary : Th e M acBook is probabl y th e


around at th e m om e nt if you w ant to run be s t ch oice for q ual ity / price w ith a l aptop
Ubuntu on a l aptop. It is q uie t and ne ve r of th e s e dim e ns ions . Its h ardw are w ork s
ove rh e ats , it is pow e rfuland e ye candy pe rfe ctl y w ith Ubuntu us ing onl y O pe n
e ffe cts s uch as Be rylor Com piz Fus ion Source driv e rs , e ve n s us pe nd w ork s . It h as
an inte grate d w e bcam and can run O SX,
w illw ork pe rfe ctl y w ith no s l ow dow n at al l pl us it is a ve ry robus t and s tyl is h com pute r
in any s ituation. Th e com patibil ity w ith and its h ardw are is bl e e ding e dge . Al th ough
s us pe nd is s om e th ing th at de s e rve s a th e m iddl e e ntry ve rs ion m ay be th e be s t
s pe cialm e ntion and it is th is th at m ak e s ch oice for m os t us e rs .
th e M acBook jum p k il om e te rs ah e ad its
Price / Qual ity Advantage s & Gadge ts
com pe titors and re m e m be r th at e ach
pe ace of h ardw are w il lw ork w ith ful lope n
s ource drive r s upport!
Look & De s ign Support
Th e price com pare d to th e pow e r and
q ual ity of th e h ardw are is th e l
ow e s t
around and it al s o h as M ac O SX
H ardw are Com patibil
ity
inte grate d w h ich give s you anoth e r gre at O VERALL

5/5
ch oice opportunity. It can run Ubuntu,
W indow s (any ve rs ion) and M ac O SX, th e
w ide s t ch oice of O pe rating Sys te m s

19
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lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
PREVIEW CO M PIZ
W ritte n by Al
ex FUSIO N
Firs t, th e re w as Com piz it w as h igh ly s tabl
e and am az e d us e rs w ith its w obbl y w indow s . Th e n cam e
Be ryl , a fork of Com piz it focus e d it's e fforts on e ffe cts . Now th e tw o h ave joine d force s to give us th e
be s t of both w orl ds , th e s tabil
ity of Com piz w ith th e e ffe cts of Be ryl
. Be h ol
d: Com piz Fus ion

Th e Cube

Th e cube is a 3D re pre s e ntationalvie w of


your de s k top. It m aps out 4 (or m ore )
w ork s pace s onto a h uge 3D obje ct, and
al l
ow s you to drag your w indow s around it.
Th is m ak e s it incre dibl y e as y to m anage
s aid w indow s , by h aving you im agine
e xactl y w h e re th e y are at. Th e m ind th ink s
be tte r in 3D, s o w h y s h oul d your com pute r
be any diffe re nt?

An e xte ns ion to th is plugin, e ve n th ough it is lis te d s e parate l y, is th e cube -rotate


plugin. It allow s you to tak e your cube , and rotate it around and l e t you vie w it
from e ve ry angl e and de tail . W ith th e s k y dom e e nabl e d, th is is an am az ing and
bre ath tak ing e ffe ct. Not to m e ntion us e fulfor s w itch ing be tw e e n w ork s pace s .

O ne of th e cool e s t e ffe ct adde d to Fus ion is th e Re fl


e ction. It proje cts an e xact
re fl
e ction of th e cube onto an im aginary pl ane be l ow . It adds th e th e re al
is m of
Com piz , and is jus t gre at e ye candy.

Expo

Th e Expo Pl ugin is a re m ak e of th e w al l
plugin from Be ryl . Th e adde d bonus is th at
it can be e nabl e d at th e s am e tim e as th e
cube , be ing m appe d to m oving th e m ous e
into th e uppe r l e ft h and corne r by de faul t. It
allow s you to drag w indow s around on a '
w al l
' of your de s k tops . It's ve ry us e fulin
ge tting a s om e w h at ae rialvie w of al lyour
w indow s . Th e re fl e ction pl ugin als o w ork s
wel lw ith it. Som e th ing fun to do is s tart up
a m ovie , and at th e s am e tim e w atch a dow nl oad progre s s or w atch for incom ing
IM s . Re ally, anoth e r be autifule ffe ct.

20
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lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
Fire Paint

Fe e ll ik e l
e aving your fam ily a m e s s age ,
but out of s tick y note s or s pace on th e
fridge ?Fire Paint is th e pe rfe ct s olution.
W h o w oul dn't w ant to draw al love r th e ir
s cre e n in fire ?Provide s h ours of
e nte rtainm e nt.

Al lth e s e th ings toge th e r are jus t a part of w h at m ak e s Com piz Fus ion s o gre at. Th e s e
are onl y th e m ain ne w pl ugins , and Fus ion is s tilla w ork in progre s s . Al
s o, m os t of th e
e ffe cts in Com piz Fus ion are anim ate d s o s tatic s cre e ns h ots re all
y don't do th e e ffe cts
jus tice . Th e y re al
ly do ne e d to be s e e n to be be l ie ve d!

If you're inte re s te d in te s ting out Com piz Fus ion and can't w ait for Guts y to com e out,
as I coul dn't, h e ad ove r to Ubuntu Forum s . Jus t be aw are th at Com piz Fus ion is s til l
be ing w ork e d on, update d al m os t daily and you w il
lat s om e point s e e gl
itch e s , but
don't be s care d, it is s til lve ry s tabl e.

W ith th e m e rge of Com piz and Be ryl , an am az ing ne w product is in th e w ork s . Com piz
Fus ion brings w h at's gre at about Be ryl(th e e ffe cts ) and Com piz (s tabil ity), th row s th e m
toge th e r, e lim inate s m any of th e probl e m s th at pl
ague d th e m , and adds its ow n
goodie s . Eve n in th is e arl y s tage of de ve lopm e nt, Com piz Fus ion is m ore s tabl e th an
th e De s k top Effe cts incl ude d w ith Ubuntu Fe is ty Faw n. It al s o runs m uch s m ooth e r
th an Be ryl , in te s ts up to 15 fram e s pe r s e cond fas te r on m y m ach ine . Th e ne w
pl ugins give your de s k top a s m ooth fe e l , and a productive w ork s pace w ith as m any
w ork s pace s as re q uire d.

lit is h ype d up to be . And, as an adde d bonus : it w il


Com piz Fus ion is inde e d al lcom e
by de faul
t in Ubuntu 7.10, Guts y Gibbon.

e w orth : pre tty is a fe ature .


To q uote M ark Sh uttl

Apol
ogie s for th e m is s ing Col
in W ats on inte rvie w , it'l
lbe in #4, h one s t! K e e p th os e q ue s tions com ing!
lbe none oth e r th an Col
Ne xt m onth s inte rvie w e e w il in W ats on, Ins tal l
e r Te am Le ade r, Ubuntu
Com m unity CouncilM e m be r and Line M anage r for h al f th e dis tro te am !

Pl in to: q ue s tions @ ful


e as e e m ailyour q ue s tions for Col lcircl
e m agazine .org

21
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lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
M Y STO RY A YEA R W ITH
W ritte n by Ste ve Th om ps on D A PPER D RA K E
I firs t be gan us ing PCs on an ol d Am s trad PC1640 DO S 3 and 640k m e m ory, 30M B H D and a
H e rcul e s gre e n s cre e n graph ics card. Crappy k it, I agre e , but it gave m e a tas te for PC's and I w e nt
on to buil d m y firs t 386, 486, P100, P166, Ce l e ron 400 and curre nt W indow s box Ce l e ron 2.4H Z
s itting ne xt to a l ove l y 3.06GH Z Ce l e ron Dappe r m ach ine .

Wel l, h e re 's m y s tory, I th ink th e firs t w as a l ot of tim e in front of a PC w h e n I


Dis tro I e ve r trie d w as Re d H at, dunno w as n't doing m uch , and it w as a gre at
w h ich ve rs ion, but it w as about 12 pl us e xcus e to pl ay w ith a Linux Live CD! I
ye ars ago, as m y firs t s on h ad not ye t fiddl e d w ith Sl ax for about 18 m onth s on
arrive d on th e s ce ne . It ins tal le d w ith a an ol d 733 Ce l e ron I h ad l ibe rate d from a
com m and-l ine inte rface as I re cal l-- not dus ty s tore cupboard into th e s h ining l igh t
ve ry frie ndl y. I dabbl e d w ith it on an ol d of a Linux ins tal l
. I h ad it running Pan for
Ce l e ron 233 for a fe w m onth s e ve ntual l
y Em ailand Ne w s groups , a ve ry nice l ittle
giving up as I coul dn't ge t it to s e e any of program , ve ry s im il ar to Forte 's Age nt
m y h ardw are . M y ne xt atte m pt w as O pe n w h ich I h ad run in W indow s s ince
Cal de ra (W h at e ve r h appe ne d to th e m ?). W indow s 3.11. Th e bigge s t probl e m I h ad
Th is w as a w onde rfulIns tal le r; you coul d on th e Sl ax box w as m y s h are d Inte rne t
pl ay Te tris w h il e ins talling! It ins tal led conne ction, w h ich I w as s h aring a dial up
pre tty w e l l, s e e ing m os t h ardw are , but it on th rough a s w itch box, but I w as us ing
h ad a re ccurring probl e m of al lth e dis tros Anal ogX's proxy program to s h are th e
I trie d in th e 9 0's ... K DE w ork e d gre at, but conne ction w ith m y s on's W indow s 3.11
w h e n I q uit th e gui w h e n s h utting dow n, m ach ine . Th is caus e d nigh tm are s as Pan
or for oth e r re as ons , th e com m and-l ine didn't at al ll
ik e us ing a proxy.
total ly corrupte d on th e s cre e n, and
coul dn't be re ad. You coul d s til ltype Afte r pl aying w ith m any l ive CDs , I
com m ands , and th e y w oul d run, but dow nl oade d Dappe r, and re al is ing it
noth ing inte l ligibl e in th e te rm inal . Th is put w as n't a live CD, I s tuck it in m y office
an e nd to m y Linux e nde avours for draw e r and forgot about it for a coupl e of
s e ve ralye ars , as a ne w baby m ade s uch m onth s . Finding m ys e l f w ith s om e tim e on
de m ands upon m e , th at s l e e p w as a m ore m y h ands one w e e k e nd, I de cide d to
im portant is s ue th an crack ing th e ins tallDappe r to an ol d 1.1 GH z AM D
te ch nical itie s of O pe n Cal de ra! Duron I h ad k ick ing around afte r
upgrading m y s on to a fas te r m ach ine .
M y s e cond bite of th e Linux ch e rry w as W ow ! I w as im pre s s e d! Al lth e h ardw are
th e Live dis tro Sl ax, a re all
y nice Linux w as de te cte d, including s ound and vide o,
w h ich w as re l e as e d as a Live CD onl y, and e ve n th e Inte rne t cam e s traigh t on
but a l ot of th e guys us ing it (incl uding courte s y of m y w ire d route r. Th at w as it, I
m e ) w e re ve ry k e e n to do a h ard dis k h ad th e bug again big-tim e ! I s pe nt a l ot
ins tall
. M aybe I s h oul d add at th is point of m y s pare tim e from th is m om e nt on
th at I h ave w ork e d in EducationalIT tw e ak ing m y littl
e Dappe r O ne Gig to m y
Support for 14 ye ars now and at m y l as t h e arts conte nt. Afte r about four m onth s I
job, w h e n I w as on th e H e lp De s k , th e re de cide d it w as pe rfe ct apart from one

22
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lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
th ing – M ore pow e r Scottie ! Ye p, th at's De m ocracy TV. Th at took s om e s e rious
righ t, I de cide d to buil d a de dicate d brand- tw e ak ing and re q ue s ts to th e Ubuntu
ne w Linux Dappe r m ach ine and s o I did. forum s to fix! I'm s til ltrying to ge t m y
I'm w riting th is s tory on it now . It's got a h e ad around us ing Cron to s ch e dul e
rath e r ch e apo As rock m oth e rboard £34.00 program s to run on a s ch e dul e . Various
or s o, 3.06 Gh z Ce l e ron – nice , h alf a gig pe opl e h as s ugge s te d th ings to try, but
m e m ory, 250M B h ard dis k , Aope n DVD th e s ch e dul e s ne ve r k ick off. I'm th ink ing
RO M and Pione e r DVD w rite r. Vide o is an of th ing l ik e De m ocracyTV and Ice podde r
O nboard Inte l82865 as th e rubbis h for al lm y Podcas ts . W indow s s ch e dul e r is
As rock m oth e rboard w ont tak e any AGP SO m uch e as ie r – don't ne e d a brain to
vide o card I h ave trie d – jus t w on't boot us e it, jus t a cl ock ! Ubuntu's (and oth e r
up. I've be e n trying to us e th e Dappe r dis tros ') bigge s t fail ing is s ound e diting.
m ach ine for e ve ryth ing I did on W indow s , Afte r us ing Adobe Audition I found th e
and for th e m ain part, I th ink I've Linux e q uival e nts w e ak to s ay th e l e as t.
s ucce e de d. Vide o conve rs ion & VCD Audacity is a bas ic e ditor of audio fil es,
auth oring is be tte r th an W indow s but is l igh t-ye ars be h ind Audition. I us e
appl ications al low e d; I alw ays got s om e M oz il la Th unde rbird for e m ailon both
drifting in th e s ync be tw e e n vide o and W indow s and Dappe r, s o no com pl aints
s ound in Tm pe gENC and Ne ro. H as n't th e re . I us e Fire fox in both , occas ional l
y
be e n a probl e m in Avide m ux & K 3b. al ong w ith O pe ra. Be e p M e dia pl aye r for
m p3s , K torre nt for a nice s ch e dul e abl e
Th e re w e re s om e initialprobl e m s w ith torre nt app, K ge t for us e w ith Fl as h got
flas h pl aye r in Fire fox as I h ad both th e cove rs m y cl oning of m y W indow s
Dappe r Re po ins tal land a m anual ly program Ge trigh t and final l
y Vide o Lan
ins tal l
edl ate s t ve rs ion from M oz il l
a, it Pl aye r for al lm y vide o form at pl aying. So
s e e m e d to w ant to ins tal lfl as h playe r to th at about s um s it up s o far for m e . If onl y
th e Dappe r ins tal lrath e r th an m ine . I al so th e y coul d m ak e cron a bit e as ie r to us e
got an unre s ol ve d probl e m w ith Java in and w rite a re al ly good audio e ditor, I
Fire fox – and w h e n I did s om e force d coul d th row m y W indow s XP dis k into th e
upgrade s of Java runtim e l ibrarie s , it k il
led gam e s box al ong w ith al lth e PS1 dis cs !
one of m y favourite program s –

Ubuntu is a com m unity-de ve l ope d ope rating s ys te m th at is pe rfe ct for l


aptops , de s k tops and s e rve rs .
W h e th e r you us e it at h om e , at s ch oolor at w ork , Ubuntu contains al lth e applications you'l le ve r
ne e d, from w ord proce s s ing and e m ailappl ications to w e b s e rve r s oftw are and program m ing tool s.
Ubuntu is and al w ays w il
lbe fre e of ch arge . You do not pay any l ice ns ing fe e s . You can dow nl
oad,
us e and s h are Ubuntu w ith your frie nds , fam il
y, s ch oolor bus ine s s for abs ol ute ly noth ing.

23
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e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
UBUNTU YO UTH
W ritte n by Sam ue lBarre tt

Th e future of O pe n Source is in th e Young Pe opl e of today; th at's w h y th is corne r of th e m agaz ine is


for young pe opl e or s im pl
y th os e w h o are young at h e art.

Th e day th e m us ic die d... Onl


ine /Subs cription M us ic Se rvice s
Or did it?
O nce you h ave your M P3 Pl aye r w ork ing
Lis te ning to your m us ic in Linux, you obvious l y w ant to trans fe r
or trans fe rring it to your s om e m us ic to it; you s h oul dn't h ave any
M P3 pl aye r in Linux h as probl e m s if you w oul d onl ylik e to trans fe r
ne ve r be e n e as y. Th e m us ic track s from your CD's to your M P3
lack of s upport for Pl aye r but if you w ant to dow nl oad your
th ings l ik e drive rs for m us ic you w il lne e d to find a com patibl e
your M P3 pl aye r or s ubs cription s e rvice m us ic s e rvice .
s o you can dow nl oad your favourite
m us ic h as put m any pe opl e off us ing Se rvice s l ik e iTune s , Naps te r, and Virgin
Linux, but i w oul dl ik e to tak e a fe w Digitalare n't com patibl e w ith Linux, and
m inute s of your tim e to s h ow you th e e ve n if th e y w e re , due to th e DRM
al te rnative s avail abl e and th e progre s s e ncryption th e s e com panie s us e you
th at is be ing m ade in th e com m unity. w oul d not be abl e to play th e m us ic
dow nl oade d on your Ubuntu m ach ine .
M P3 Pl
aye r Com patibil
ity Now , ne w com panie s are s tarting to
e m e rge w h ich s upport Linux and are DRM
M any M P3 pl aye rs w ork fine and ide ntify e ncryption-fre e th e m os t w e l l-k now n is
as a M as s Storage De vice ; th e s e incl ude e M us ic. e M us ic offe rs DRM -fre e m us ic for
m os t of th e iPods and s om e ch e ape r £8.9 9 a m onth for 30 dow nl oads but m any
M P3 pl aye rs , but m ode l s lik e Cre ative , of th e artis ts avail able to dow nl oad are
Sam s ung, De l land iRive r us e a protocol not m ains tre am .
cal le d M TP (M e dia Trans fe r Protocol )
w h ich re q uire s l
ibm tp to be ins tal le d for Anoth e r s e rvice (avail able only to th e US)
your M P3 pl aye r to be re cognis e d. and s upport Linux is Rh aps ody. Rh aps ody
offe rs unl im ite d m us ic dow nl
oads for a
Som e M P3 pl aye rs w h ich re q uire l
ibm tp: m onth l y s ubs cription fe e but th e
Cre ative Z e n Portabl e M e dia dow nl oads are DRM -e ncrypte d s o can
Ce nte rCre ative Z e n M icroPh oto onl y be us e d on your M P3 pl aye r th e n
Cre ative Z e n Vis ion playe d th rough your M P3 pl aye r.
Cre ative Z e n Vis ion:M
Cre ative Z e n Sle e k Ph oto M us ic in Linux h as continue d to im prove
Cre ative Z e n Xtra (M TP m ode ) ove r th e l as t coupl
e of ye ars ; as m ore
Cre ative Z e n M icro (M TP m ode ) com panie s adopt th e Linux pl atform , w e
Cre ative Z e n Touch (M TP m ode ) s h oul d s e e m ore com patible M P3 pl aye rs
Cre ative Z e n Sle e k (M TP m ode ) and m ore m us ic s ubs cription dow nl oad
De llPock e t DJ s e rvice s .
Sam s ung YH - and YP- M TP pl aye rs

24
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lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
LETTERS
Eve ry m onth w e l ik e to publ is h s om e of th e e m ail
s w e re ce ive . If you w oul dlik e to s ubm it a le tte r for
publ ication, e ve n if it's a com pl im e nt or com plaint, pl
e as e e m ailit to: le tte rs @ fullcircle m agaz ine .org.
PLEASE NOTE: s om e l e tte rs m ay be e dite d for s pace re as ons .

Brill
iant e ffort to put out a m ag l ik e th is for Th ank you for m ak ing th e m agaz ine one
*buntu us e rs . M y com pany are curre ntl y page w ide s o th at page s can e as il y be
toying w ith -- and m os tly w ill-- port to m agnifie s up to ful ls cre e n w idth . Sure is
linux in th e com ing days . No re as on not al ot e as ie r to re ad. H ad a ve ry h ard tim e
to. M y th ough ts on re ce nt e ve nts : w ith las t is s ue , e ve n w ith bifocal s.

Pate nt is s ue s : M SFT and Am e rica pus h Linux is h ard e nough for an ol d-tim e r
too h ard to ge t pe opl e to toe th e l ine . w ith out h aving to s q uint to re ad!
O uts ide of th e USA, th e re are no s oftw are
pate nts appl icabl e . So al lth e h igh ly paid Boyd S.
attorne ys in th e w orl d can't s h ak e a s tick
at you for anyth ing s oftw are -re l ate d. I
th ink *buntu and Linux ne e ds to m ove
To m y k now l e dge th e nvidia-gl x-ne w
be yond th e contine nt and into As ia and
drive r, w h ich is ins tal l
e d for Ge Force 8800
Europe . Eve n th ough de ve l opm e nt m igh t
us e rs , w h e n th e y e nabl e de s k top e ffe cts
h appe n th e re , m os t pote ntialus e rs are
in Ubuntu 7.04, doe s n't w ork w ith th is
h e re . So h ow can w e m ove th e core of
card at al land th e ins tal lation atte m pt
th is m ove m e nt h e re ?To India or Ch ina?
le ave s th e us e r at th e com m and l ine at
Bl oatw are : I th ink it's am az ing th at a ful l th e firs t re s tart of X. Th is h as be e n
O S w ith s o m any be l l
s and w h is tle s can re porte d by num e rous pe opl e in bug
fit onto a s ingl e CD. I al s o th ink it's re ports . Th e nVidia drive r th at is avail able
frus trating for a ne w bie to do a "s udo apt- on th e nVidia w e b s ite doe s not h ave th is
ge t" for de pe nde ncie s /progam s e ve rytim e . probl e m but is m ore difficul t to ins tall.
A DVD h as 4.7 GB of s pace . It's a fairl y
Th e caus e for th e probl e m is appare ntl
y
craz y ide a, but pre tty m uch e ve ry
k now n, but for s om e re as on no fix for th e
de pe nde ncy and program th at a us e r
bug h as be e n re le as e d.
m igh t w ant w il lfit into a DVD. Be s ide s ,
th e Sh ipIt program is for pe opl e w ith lack I agre e th at th is w oul d be w orth an articl e
of bandw idth . Afte r I ge t a CD, update s in your m agaz ine . It invol ve s an im portant
and de pe nde ncie s can't tak e anoth e r 200 and popul ar pie ce of h ardw are , and th e
M B of dow nl oad. If th at's th e cas e , m igh t caus e of th e bug s e e m s to be k now n and
as w e lls h ip a bl oate d DVD ins te ad, w ith is (to m y unde rs tanding) re l ative l
y s im pl
e.
70% of th e *buntu unive rs e pre ins tal l
e d. Th e re als o s e e m s to be no inform ation
com ing th rough about w h e th e r th e bug is
V C K arth ic
going to be fixe d at al l
.

K ind re gards and th ank s for a gre at


m agaz ine !

Ari Torh am o
25
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e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
Q& A
W ritte n by Robe rt Cl
ips h am

If you h ave an Ubuntu re l ate d q ue s tion w h ich ne e ds ans w e ring, e m ailit to us h e re at


q ue s tions @ ful
lcircl
e m agazine .org, and w e 'llpas s th e m to Robe rt for ans w e ring in a future is s ue .
Pl e as e include as m uch inform ation as you can about your probl em.

Q: I buil t a ne w PC re ce ntl y, and de cide d to us e Ubuntu as m y prim ary ope rating


s ys te m .I h ave re alis e d th at th e re are a fe w th ings th at I can't do unde r Ubuntu ye t, s o
de cide d I w oul d ins tal lW indow s .Is it pos s ible to ins tallW indow s afte r Ubuntu?

A: Abs ol ute l
y, but it is e as ie r to ins tal
lW indow s firs t, as W indow s ove rw rite s Ubuntu's
GRUB, s o you w on't be abl e to boot into Linux. You can re partition your h ard drive ,
and ins tallW indow s on th e ne w partition. O nce you h ave done th at you w il lne e d to
re ins tal
lGRUB by booting a Live CD. You can find a guide for ins tal ling W indow s afte r
Ubuntu at: h ttps ://h e l
p.ubuntu.com /com m unity/Re cove ringUbuntuAfte rIns tal lingW indow s

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=49 1201

Q: H ow can I add m e nu icons to th e Appl


ications m e nu?

A: Sim pl
y go to Sys te m > Pre fe re nce s > M e nu Layout, and ch oos e your options .

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=49 3047

Q: H ow can I ins tal


lW ine , s o I can run W indow s appl
ications ?

A: Sim ply follow th e ins tructions at: h ttps ://h e l


p.ubuntu.com /com m unity/W ine , w h ich
e xpl
ain fully h ow to ins tallW ine .

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=49 3050

Q: I ge t th e e rror "Softw are Inde x is Brok e n.Im pos s ibl


e to ins tal lor re m ove any
s oftw are " w h e n trying to ins tal
lprogram s .H ow can I s ol ve th is ?

A: O pe n a te rm inal(Appl
ications > Acce s s orie s > Te rm inal
) and type : s udo apt-ge t
ins tal
l-f

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=49 3107


Q: M y laptop's touch - pad is ve ry jitte ry in Ubuntu, but I don't h ave th at
proble m in W indow s .H ow can I s ol ve th is ?

A: Go to Sys te m > Pre fe re nce s > M ous e , and s e l


e ct th e m otion tab. Th e
options you ne e d are in th e re .

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=49 29 84

26
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lcircl
e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
W EBSITE O FTH E M O NTH
W ritte n by Danie lCoh e n

Th e aim of th is s e ction is to find de ce nt and re l ative l


y unk now n w e bs ite s th at w il
lh e l
p you w ith your
daily Ubuntu ne e ds (and ge ne ralcurios ity). I w il ls um up th e good and th e bad points of th e w e bs ite ,
and -- w ith any l uck -- th e w e bs ite ow ne r w il
lre ad th e articl
e and th e n re ctify any probl e m s m e ntione d!

Eve ry vide o on th e s ite com e s in four


flavours – Ubuntu (ogg/Th e ora), M ac
(m ov), W indow s (avi) and YouTube
(Flas h ). W h il
e I'm s ure th at al lyou
Ubuntu us e rs h ave s upport for al lth re e
code cs , it e ns ure s th at M ac and W indow s
us e rs can pl ay th e vide o native l y w ith out
any e xtra s e t-up or h aving to w atch a l ow -
q ual ity YouTube Fl as h vide o, al th ough it's
nice to h ave th at as a l as t re s ort.
ips - w w w .UbuntuCl
Ubuntu Cl ips .org
Ins te ad of tak ing a one -w ay approach ,
th e de ve l ope rs of th e s ite h ave m ade a
Th is s ite grabbe d m y inte re s t s traigh t re q ue s t form w h ich al low s pe opl e to
aw ay w ith its rath e r ne at ide a: vide o re q ue s t tutorial s of ce rtain actions in
tutorial s for Ubuntu. Ve ry h andy for th os e Ubuntu. W h e th e r th e s e are actual ly e ve r
tim e s w h e n you are tol d on th e Ubuntu m ade , I don't k now , but I h ope th e y are
IRC ch anne l(or forum s ) to do th is and tak e n into account w h e n m ak ing ne w
th at, w h e n re all
y you don't k now w h at vide os . You can al s o s ubm it clips , w h ich
th e y are tal k ing about or cannot find a are q ual ity ch e ck e d, th e n put on to th e
particul ar option or button. s ite .
Afte r s e arch ing th e w e bs ite for s e ve ral H ow e ve r, th e w e bs ite is m is s ing s om e
m om e nts , I found a fe w m ore vide o bas ic fe ature s w h ich w oul d m ak e it a
orie ntate d w e bs ite s for tutorial s , but none m ore com pl e te s ite . Th e re is now h e re to
of th e s e oth e r s ite s s e e m e d to h ave th e le ave com m e nts . Th e re is al s o th e
pol is h th at Ubuntu Cl ips h as . incl us ion of a captch a box for l ogging in
w h ich is a bit annoying. Final l
y, if you
It h as a s im pl e l
ayout but w ith out l ook ing
look th rough th e tutorial s , you w il lnotice
ugl y, it's cl e ar and th e navigation is
th at m any of th e m are on rath e r m undane
intuitive (al th ough pe rh aps a l ittl
e l
ess
and bas ic s ubje cts . W h il e th is w e bs ite is ,
w h ite w oul dn't h urt). Be caus e of th is
at th e m om e nt, ge are d tow ards ne w
m inim al is t approach , th e s ite is ve ry
us e rs , it coul d s tart to h ave m ore
re s pons ive and doe s n't h ave you s itting
advance d tutorial s s oon.
round w aiting for page s to l oad.
Th os e probl e m s do not outw e igh th e
Th e tutorial s are h e lpful ly s orte d into
m any pos itive s th at th is s ite h as . M any
diffe re nt cate gorie s w h ich m ak e s finding
ne w us e rs w oul dlove to h ave vis ualh e l p
and dis cove ring e as ie r, al ong w ith a pl ace
and th at is w h e re th is s ite com e s in m os t
to find th e late s t and gre ate s t vide os .
helpful . I jus t h ope it w illcontinue to grow .
27
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e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
M Y D ESK TO P
W ritte n by Al
ex

Th is is your ch ance to s h ow th e w orld your fancy de s k top or PC. Pl e as e e m ailyour s cre e ns h ots and
ph otos to: m is c@ ful
lcircl
e m agazine .org. Pl e as e incl ude a brie f paragraph of te xt about your de s k top,
your PC's s pe cifications or any oth e r inte re s ting tidbits about your de s k top or PC.

I'm us ing th e Em e ral d w indow s m anage r (Be ryl ),


w ith th e 'Sol id State M odifie d' th e m e . It's avail abl e
in th e e m e ral d-th e m e s pack age . O th e r th an th at, I
h ave n't gotte n into w idge ts ye t, but afte r re ading
fullcircle is s ue #2, I m igh t try s om e out l ate r th is
week.
I us e GNO M E, but I s e t m y tas k bars to h ave an
opacity of around 60% , w ith a bl ack fill-in. O th e r
th an th at, it's jus t s tandard s e ttings . I'm s tillfairl y
ne w to Linux, h aving be e n us ing Ubuntu for about
th re e to four m onth s w ith W indow s as a dual -boot
option, but I'm pre tty convince d th at once Guts y
com e s out I'l lbe re form atting. Re ce ntl y I h ave n't
h ad to s w itch to W indow s at al l. M y favourite
tas k bar m ini-program s are s ys te m m onitor, w h e re
I h ave m y CPU, Ne tw ork , and Dis k Us age
graph s , and th e w e ath e r for m y are a.

M Y PC
W ritte n by M ark Pipk in

M y PC h as be e n th rough a l ot of ch ange s ove r th e ye ars . As


alw ays th ough , it ne ve r h as e nough pow e r to s uit m y ne e ds .
M aybe an upgrade s oon w il lh e l
p, but for now h e re it is :
Inte lP4 2.4GH z 768M B RAM nVidia 6600 w / 256M B RAM
(7) 4" cas e fans (4 of w h ich h ave l
igh ts ) s da1 = 160gb -
m ount / s db1 = 160gb - m ount /h om e DVD- RW 19 " W ide -
s cre e n 1440x9 00
I try to build a m ach ine th at w illlas t m e aw h ile . Th is com pute r
us e d to h ave an AM D 1400 w ith a Soyo Dragon Pl us M B. Th e
proce s s or ran for four ye ars th e n ove rh e ate d from th e fan
be ing put on back w ards . So I h ad to ch ange it l as t ye ar. I s til
l
h ave th e proce s s or and RAM from th e ol d s e tup but afte r a fe w
h ours of running it w oul d re boot.
I've be e n running Ubuntu s ince 6.10. I don't pl an to go back to
W indow s . I e njoy th e pow e r th at Linux al
low s m e to h ave and I
h ave m uch e njoye d th e com m unity th at is be h ind th e Ubuntu
proje ct.
I'm in th e proce s s of ge tting a M yth TV s e rve r up and running. I
us e th at w oode n be nch w h e n w ork ing on s om e one e ls e 's
com pute r. Th is pre ve nts m e from h aving to unh ook m y ow n
s e tup to w ork on s om e one e ls e 's .
28
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e - #3 - Jul
y 2007
TO P5 M UL
TIM ED IA ENCO D ERS
W ritte n by Andre w M in

Each m onth , Andre w w il lbring you a Top5 l is t of obs cure gam e s , appl ications or w h ate ve r e l
s e th at h e
can s cratch from th e de pth s of th e Inte rne t! If you h ave ide as for l is ts , ple as e e m ailth e m to us h e re
at: m is c@ ful
lcircl
e m agazine .org and w e 'llpas s your ide as on to Andre w .

M Encode r

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .m pl
aye rh q .h u/

M Encode r h as l ong be e n th e k ing of m ul tim e dia


e ncode rs . W ith good re as on. It can conve rt a h os t of
audio and vide o form ats , incl uding (S)VCD, DVD,
M PEG, W indow s M e dia (ASF/W M V/W M A),
Quick Tim e (QT/M O V/M P4), Re alM e dia (RA/RM ),
O gg, DV and AVI. Th e re is a ful llis t of s upporte d code cs at
h ttp://w w w .m playe rh q .h u/DO CS/code cs -s tatus .h tm l. H ow e ve r, th e re is a s m al l
probl e m : M Encode r is re al l
y unintuitive . In orde r to us e it e ffe ctive l
y, you h ave to
re ad th rough th e l onge s t pie ce of non-fiction in h is tory (th e M Encode r m anual ).
Since m os t pe opl e don't w ant to do th is , m any GUIs to M Encode r h ave be e n
cre ate d (incl uding s e ve ralon th is l is t). M Encode r can be ins tal le d in al lve rs ions of
Ubuntu from Bre e z y to Guts y w ith th e pack age m e ncode r in th e m ul tive rs e
re pos itorie s . You m ay al s o w ant to re ad th e Ge ntoo W ik i's guide to conve rting w ith
M e ncode r at h ttp://ge ntoo-w ik i.com /H O W TO _ M e ncode r_ Introduction_ Guide

s oundK onve rte r

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .k de -
apps .org/conte nt/s h ow .ph p?conte nt=29 024

It m igh t onl y be abl e to conve rt audio fil es,


but w h at a job s oundK onve rte r doe s ! Util iz ing
a w ide varie ty of e ngine s , s oundK onve rte r
s upports O gg, M PEG audio, AAC, 3GP,
FLAC, APE, Re alM e dia, W AVE and m uch
m ore . It al s o incl ude s a CD rippe r, an Am arok
s cript, re play gain and tags for tons of
form ats . s oundK onve rte r can be found in th e unive rs e re pos itorie s for Dappe r, and
th e m ul tive rs e re pos itorie s for Edgy, Fe is ty and Guts y unde r th e pack age
s oundk onve rte r. Th e re 's al s o a .de b pack age at th e h om e page .

29
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y 2007
K Vide oEncode r

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .k de -
apps .org/conte nt/s h ow .ph p?conte nt=31385
K Vide oEncode r is a s im pl e K DE GUI for th e M Encode r and
Trans code te rm inalprogram s . But don't l e t th e s im pl
icity foolyou
into th ink ing th is is a w e ak program . Far from it: it can im port
AVI, M PEG, W indow s M e dia, Re alM e dia and Quick Tim e , and
e xport DivX, M PEG, M JPEG, W indow s M e dia and Xvid. It can al s o rip audio or vide o from
s tre am s and DVDs (us ing l s dvd). K Vide oEncode r is n't avail able from th e Ubuntu re pos itorie s .
H ow e ve r, th e K DE-Look .org us e r furum aro h as cre ate d an Edgy pack age w ith Ch e ck ins tal l(in
m y inform alte s tings , it al s o w ork e d on Fe is ty). You can ge t it at h ttp://w w w .k de -
apps .org/conte nt/s h ow .ph p/K Vide oEncode r+ for+ K ubuntu+ Edgy?conte nt=58538. Unfortunate l y, it
doe s n't tak e care of de pe nde ncie s . You'l lne e d to ins tal lM Encode r (s e e M Encode r above for
m ore ), Trans code (in th e m ul tive rs e re pos itorie s as trans code ), l s dvd (in th e m ul tive rs e
re pos itorie s as l s dvd), th e K DE l ibrarie s , and th e Qt l ibrarie s m anual ly (th e l
as t tw o are ins tall
ed
by de faul t in K ubuntu).

W ink i th e Rippe r

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .w ink i-th e -rippe r.de /


Th is one ge ts th e priz e for th e m os t biz arre nam e im aginabl e (I'm
s tillnot s ure w h at “ W ink i” is ). But don't l e t th at foolyou: W ink i
is n't a ch ildre n's toy. It w illtak e DVDs , VCDs or a w ide range of
vide o form ats and conve rt th e m into DVDs , VCDs , SVCDs , AVIs ,
M P4s or M atros k as . It w il le ve n q ue ry th e IM DB for inform ation
about th e fil e . It's al
s o one of th e m os t intuitive program s I've e ve r
s e e n (us ing a w iz ard-l ik e approach ). You can ins tal lW ink i in one of tw o w ays : you can add th e
W ink i APT re pos itory (h ttp://w w w .w ink i-th e -rippe r.de /ope ne ngine /cm s /w e bs ite .ph p?id=/de /
inde x/dow nl oad.h tm ), th e n ins tallth e w ink i pack age us ing a pack age m anage r: al te rnative l
y,
you can dow nl oad th e .de b dire ctl y from h ttp://w w w .w ink i-th e -rippe r.de /ope ne ngine /cm s /
w e bs ite .ph p?id=/de /inde x/de bian_ pack age s .h tm (s crol ldow n to find th e Ubuntu pack age s ).

W inFF

H om e page : h ttp://biggm att.com /w inff/

W inFF is a pow e rfulGUI for FFm pe g (th e s is te r proje ct of


M Encode r). Both novice s and e xpe rts w il lfe e lat h om e w ith th is .
Not onl y can th e m os t ine xpe rie nce d us e rs conve rt th e 3gp, DVD,
(S)VCD, FLV, H .264, iPod, M P3, M PEG vide o, Quick Tim e , W AVE,
W indow s M e dia, and Xvid form ats w ith e as e , but e xpe rie nce d us e rs
can al s o ch ange th e bit rate , fram e rate , s iz e , as pe ct ratio, and
e ve n add FFm pe g param ate rs . Contrary to its nam e , W inFF is a
cros s -pl atform tool . Ubuntu us e rs can dow nl oad th e Fre e Pas cal
s ource or us e th e De bian pack age provide d at th e h om e page (note
th at s om e pe opl e advis e agains t us ing De bian pack age s in Ubuntu,
th ough I pe rs onal l
y h ave us e d it s ucce s s fully).

30
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y 2007
H O W TO CO NTRIBUTE
W e are al
w ays l
ook ing for ne w articl
e s to incl
ude in ful
lcircl
e.

For article guide line s , ide as , and for is s ue trans l


ation, pl
e as e s e e our w ik i:
h ttp://w ik i.ubuntu.com /UbuntuM agazine

Pl e s to: articl
e as e e m ailyour articl e s @ ful
lcircl
e m agazine .org

If you w oul
dlik e to s ubm it ne w s , e m ailit to: ne w s @ ful
lcircl
e m agazine .org

Se nd your com m e nts or Linux e xpe rie nce s to: l


e tte rs @ ful
lcircl
e m agazine .org

d be s e nt to: re vie w s @ ful


H ardw are /s oftw are re vie w s s h oul lcircl
e m agazine .org

d go to: q ue s tions @ ful


Que s tions for future inte rvie w s s h oul lcircl
e m agazine .org

Lis ts and de s k top/PC ph otos s h oul e d to: m is c@ ful


d be e m ail lcircl
e m agazine .org

If you h ave q ue s tions , you can vis it our forum : w w w .ful


lcircl
e m agazine .org

Inform ation

Editor W e bm as te r Com m s M anage r


Ronnie Tuck e r Rob K e rfia Robe rt Cl
ips h am

M e e tings

Contributors ' m e e tings : Saturday 4th , 11th , 18th and 25th Augus t @ 1600 UTC

Ge ne ralm e e ting (al


lw e l
com e ): Saturday 11th Augus t @ 1700 UTC

M e e tings tak e pl ace in th e IRC ch anne l#ful lcircle m agazine , w h ich is on th e


irc.fre e node .ne t s e rve r. O r you can us e our w e bIRC page w h ich w il lallow you to
inte ract w ith th e IRC ch anne lfrom w ith in your w e b brow s e r.

De adl
ine for Is s ue #4 is Sunday 12th Augus t.

Proje cte d re l
e as e date for is s ue #4 is Friday 31s t Augus t.

31
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e - #3 - Jul
y 2007