Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

COMMENTS Table of contents List of tables List of figures List of photos Appendices Abbreviations TABLE OF CONTENTS BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
1.0 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT ................................................................................................. 1 1.2 PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND WATER DEMAND ........................................................................................ 1 1.3 RAW WATER DEMAND OF THE OYU TOLGOI PROJECT ........................................................................... 2 1.4 PROJECT DURATION ............................................................................................................................ 6 2.0 WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE SITE PLAN .......................................................................................... 7 2.1 GENERAL OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM ................................................................................................. 7 2.1.1 Bore pump stations..................................................................................................................... 7 2.2 COLLECTOR AND BREAK TANK STATIONS ........................................................................................... 10 2.3 EMERGENCY STORAGE LAGOON ........................................................................................................ 13 2.4 W ATER PIPELINE DESIGN ................................................................................................................... 14 2.4.1 Pipeline cleaning...................................................................................................................... 16 2.4.2 CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS#1 pipeline layout ......................................................................... 17 2.4.3 Layout of lagoon ...................................................................................................................... 17 2.4.4 Pipeline protection ................................................................................................................... 17 2.4.5 Pipeline excavation and backfill ............................................................................................... 18 2.5 INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................... 19 2.5.1 Fire safety ................................................................................................................................ 19 2.5.2 Heating, Ventilation and air conditioning system ...................................................................... 19 2.5.3 Power supply ........................................................................................................................... 20 2.5.4 Design of distributed control system ......................................................................................... 20 2.5.5 Design of security system.......................................................................................................... 21 2.5.6 Maintenance road .................................................................................................................... 21 2.6 W ATER QUALITY ................................................................................................................................ 22 3.0 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ASSESSMENT OF THE PROJECT ............................................. 23 3.1 METHODOLOGY OF ASSESSMENT ...................................................................................................... 23 3.2 MAIN ASSESSMENT METHODS............................................................................................................ 25 4.0 CLIMATE............................................................................................................................................ 25 4.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF CLIMATE ......................................................................................................... 25 4.1.1 Basic meteorological parameter ............................................................................................... 27 4.2 IMPACTS OF O YU TOLGOI W ATER SUPPLY PIPELINE FOR CLIMATE .................................................... 28 4.2.1 Impacts of climate for Water Supply Pipeline project ................................................................ 29 4.3 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS......................................................................... 29 4.4 IMPACTS ON AIR QUALITY AND ITS ASSESSMENT ................................................................................ 30 4.4.1 Main indicators of air quality ................................................................................................... 30 4.4.2 Impacts on air quality and its assessment .................................................................................. 31 4.4.3 Mitigation measures for the negative impacts on air quality ...................................................... 32 5.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOIL SURFACE AND SUBSOIL, THEIR ASSESSMENT .............. 33 5.1 LOCATION OF OYU TOLGOI WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE PROJECT AND GENERAL INDICATORS ............... 33 5.2 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF LANDSCAPE AND SUBSOIL ........................................................................... 34 5.3 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS FROM THE WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE ................. 37 6.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER .................................................. 38 6.1 SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER AT PROPOSED AREA FOR WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE ............................ 38 6.2 GROUNDWATER ................................................................................................................................ 39 6.3 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER ................................................................... 41 6.4 MITIGATION MEASURES FORTHE NEGATIVE IMPACTS ......................................................................... 43 7.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOIL .................................................................................................... 45
Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental consultants, Mongolia. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

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Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

7.1 SOIL DESCRIPTION OF THE AREA ....................................................................................................... 45 7.1.1 Grey brown soil of desert steppe ............................................................................................... 47 7.1.2 Light clayey brown soil of desert steppe .................................................................................... 47 7.1.3 Sandy brown soil of desert steppe ............................................................................................. 47 7.1.4 Aeolian sands ........................................................................................................................... 47 7.1.5 Meadow grey brown soil of desert steppe .................................................................................. 48 7.1.6 Saline grey brown soil of desert steppe ..................................................................................... 48 7.2 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOIL COVER ............................................................................................... 48 7.2.1 Mitigation measures for the negative impacts ........................................................................... 50 8.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON FLORA................................................................................................ 51 8.1 CURRENT CONDITION OF VEGETATION COVER ................................................................................... 51 8.1.1 Vegetation of water supply pipeline project area ....................................................................... 55 8.1.2 Desert peneplain (Vegetation cover of low hills, plain valleys and ridges) ................................. 57 8.1.3 Desert steppe ........................................................................................................................... 57 8.1.4 Low hills .................................................................................................................................. 57 8.1.5 Ephemeral creeks and saline marshes ....................................................................................... 57 8.1.6 Vegetation on depositional sands (Saxsaul wood) .................................................................... 57 8.2 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON VEGETATION COVER ................................................................................... 57 8.3 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS......................................................................... 59 9.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON FAUNA................................................................................................ 60 9.1 FAUNA OF PROJECT AREA ................................................................................................................. 60 9.2 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS ......................................................................... 61 10.0 PHYSICAL POLLUTION TO THE ENVIRONMENT IN TERMS OF WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE PROJECT .................................................................................................................................. 63 10.1 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NOISE AND VIBRATION CONDITION .............................................................. 63 10.1.1 Impact assessment .................................................................................................................... 63 10.1.2 Mitigation measures for the negative impacts ........................................................................... 64 11.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE ................................ 65 11.1.1 Mitigation measures for the negative impacts ........................................................................... 65 12.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOCIO-ECONOMICS........................................................................ 66 12.1 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE UMNUGOBI PROVINCE ............................................................. 66 12.1.1 Population, social condition ..................................................................................................... 66 12.1.2 Agriculture ............................................................................................................................... 69 12.1.3 Industry.................................................................................................................................... 70 12.2 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE KHANBOGD SUM .................................................................................... 70 12.3 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMICS .................................................................................... 70 13.0 SUMMARY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT............................................. 73 14.0 RISK ASSESSMENT........................................................................................................................... 74 14.1 NATURAL DISASTERS AND POTENTIAL RISKS RELATED TO EQUIPMENTS AND TECHNOLOGY ................ 74 14.1.1 Natural disasters and related risks: .......................................................................................... 74 14.1.2 Risk and danger caused by equipments and technology ............................................................. 76 14.2 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE POTENTIAL RISKS ........................................................................... 77 15.0 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PLAN...................................................................................... 80 16.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN ..................................................................................... 88 17.0 RELEVANT LEGISLATION TO THE PROJECT ........................................................................... 93 18.0 SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT FINDINGS ................................ 100

Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental consultants, Mongolia.

Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

ii

Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

List of Tables
Table 1.1 Plant Raw Water Demand Requirements of the Oyu Tolgoi, L/s .......................................... 4 Table 1.2 Water demand management options of the water supply pipeline ...................................... 6 Table 2.1 Location and area of the bores............................................................................................ 8 Table 2.2 Production Bores Flow Rate ............................................................................................... 9 Table 2.3 General parameters of bore pump system .......................................................................... 9 Table 2.4 Location and area of the CTPS ..........................................................................................11 Table 2.5 Technical parameters in Pump House CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS #1 .............................12 Table 2.6 Borehole to CTPS#1~ CTPS#5 Pipeline Parameters .........................................................15 Table 2.7 Main pipeline parameter ....................................................................................................16 Table 2.8 Excavation Depth for Pipe Trenches ..................................................................................18 Table 2.9 Trench slope versus soil types and depths .........................................................................18 Table 2.10 Heating, Ventilation, and Air Contioning Design Considerations for BPS, CTPS and BTPS .........................................................................................................................................................20 Table 4.1 Air temperature in Oyu Tolgoi and its surrounding area, by months ....................................26 Table 4.2 Soil temperature in Oyu Tolgoi and its surrounding area , by months .................................26 Table 4.3 Climate Impact Assessment...............................................................................................29 Table 4.4 Location of the monitoring..................................................................................................29 Table 4.5 Emission Factors for Diesel Industrial Vehicle Exhaust Emissions (based on engine power) .........................................................................................................................................................31 Table 4.6 Air Quality Impact Assessment ..........................................................................................32 Table 5.1 УХШ-ын дамжуулах шугам хоолойн сувгийн үндсэн хэмжээ ..........................................35 Table 5.2 УХШ-ын дамжуулах шугам хоолойн байгууламжийн нийт талбай, га ............................36 Table 5.3 Impact assessment on landscape and subsoil....................................................................37 Table 6.1 Wells located along the water supply pipeline project implementing area ...........................40 Table 6.2 Pumping Test Groundwater Quality Gunii Hooloi Aquifer....................................................41 Table 6.3 Temporal runoff beds crossing water supply pipeline at Gunii Hooloi groundwater reserve .42 Table 6.4 Qualitative Assessment of Impacts on Surface and Groundwater .......................................43 Table 7.1 Soil field records and location of sample ............................................................................46 Table 7.2 Main agrochemical parameters of soil ................................................................................46 Table 7.3 Impact Assessment of Soil .................................................................................................50 Table 8.1 Detailed list of vegetation composition at Gunii Hooloi borefield and pipeline......................52 Table 8.2 List of Endemic plants........................................................................................................53 Table 8.3 List of plants included in list of rare plants of Mongolia .......................................................54 Table 8.4 List of Plants included in list of very rare plants of Monglolia...............................................54 Table 8.5 Vegetation Classification of Water Supply Pipeline Project .................................................56 Table 8.6 Impact Assessment of Fauna.............................................................................................58 Table 9.1 Impact Assessment of Fauna.............................................................................................61 Table 10.1 Impact Assessment of Noise and Vibration ......................................................................64 Table 11.1 List of archeological memorials ........................................................................................65 Table 12.1 Impact assessment of the water supply pipeline project ...................................................72 Table 13.1 Summary of EIA of the .....................................................................................................73 Table 14.1 Seismicity registered at Oyu Tolgoi project area ...............................................................74 Table 14.2 Risk Assessment .............................................................................................................77 Table 15.1 Environmental Protection Plan .........................................................................................81 Table 16.1 Environmental Monitoring Plan ........................................................................................89 Table 17.1 Mongolian laws on environment .......................................................................................93 Table 17.2 Mongolian National Standards and Codes .......................................................................96 Table 17.3 International Standards and Codes ..................................................................................96 Table 17.4 Existing Mongolian standards on Gunii Hooloi Borefield and water supply pipeline project of the Oyu Tolgoi...............................................................................................................................98

List of Figures
Figure 1.1 Site, Infrastructure and Plant Raw Water Demand, L/s....................................................... 5 Figure 2.1 Maintenance road design .................................................................................................22 Figure 3.1 Expert assessment matrix.................................................................................................24 Figure 4.1 Wind Rose for the Oyu Tolgoi project area........................................................................27 Figure 12.1 Birth, mortality and net growth of population of Umnugobi aimag (2004-2007).................67 Figure 12.2 Number of the infected people, especially infected by hepatitis, in Umnugobi aimag .......67 Figure 12.3 Educational level of the registered unemployed people of Umnugobi aimag ....................68
Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental consultants, Mongolia. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

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................34 Photo 3........................................12 Pipeline typical cross sections Appendix 4....... Proposed position of water supply pipeline ................10 Break tank pump station BTP1 pipeline plan sheet 2 of 1 Appendix 2..............39 Photo 4.9 Collector tank pump station CTP1 pipeline section Appendix2............ Khulans at the project area during the fauna field survey ...3 Main water supply pipeline longitudinal section Appendix 7............8 Collector tank pump station........1 Vegetation of the project area Appendix 8.60 Appendices Appendix 1.4 Bore pump station GH01_PB01 elevation Appendix 2.........2 Bore pump location of the borefield Appendix 2.....Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Figure 12.......2 Earthquake events in 100 years since 1900 and project location Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC....13 Photo 2.. Mongolia............... Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC iv .6 Collector tank pump station CTP#1 elevation Appendix 2...........1 Location of archeological sites around the project area Appendix 14. Ephemeral creek in the Khaliviin valley ...1 Project location and administrative units Appendix 5....................7 General site plan of lagoon Appendix 2...............................69 List of Photos Photo 1........ General position of the lagoon ........2 Rare and very rare plants location at the project area Appendix 11... CTP1 pumping plan Appendix 2......5Collector tank pump station CTP#1 plan Appendix 2...........1 Soil cover of the project area Appendix 8.....11 Break tank pump station BTP1 pipeline plan sheet 2 of 2 Appendix 2................... Environmental consultants..1 Seismicity zones in Mongolia and project location Appendix 14..2 Raw water supply pipeline project location Appendix 2..1 Oyu Tolgoi project location Appendix 1....3 Bore pump station GH01_PB01site plan Appendix 2.......4 Volume and structure of the livestock herds in Umnugobi aimag .........................1 Oyu Tolgoi water supply system schematic drawing Appendix 2.........1 Location of meteorological stations around the project location Appendix 5..2 Project area landscape and its impact assessment Appendix 5...................

Ductile Iron Cement Lined HDPP .Break Tank Pump Station CTPS .Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Abbreviations IMMI . Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC v . Mongolia. Environmental consultants.Oyu Tolgoi RWSP .Ministry of Nature and Environment BPS .High-Density Polyethylene Pipe CS .Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastic Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.Raw Water Supply Pipeline DEIA .High Transmissvity LT .Carbon Steel FRP .Low Transmissivity DICL .Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc ОТ .Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment MNE .Bore Pump Station CTP .Collector Tank Pump BTPS ..Lagoon HT .Collector Tank Pump Station L.

. Mongolia. 5 collector pump stations. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC vi . Mongolia.000 tonnes per day for the mine development.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE SUPPLEMENTARY DETAI LED IMPACT ASSESSMENT REPORT FOR THE GUNII HOOLOI BOREFIELD AND PIPELINE WATER SUPPLY OF THE OYU TOLGOI PROJECT October. Environmental consultants. A margin of 150 L/s for lagoon refilling of its emergency use. IMMI completed project water supply investigations from 2002 to 2004 which identified and defined the Gunii Hooloi groundwater aquifer and has calculated the available groundwater reserve of the water supply. technology details. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. the proponent of the Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold mining project in Khanbogd sum of Umnugobi Aimag. the indicated design capacity requirement for the borefield / pipeline is 935 L/s. approximately 148. this Supplementary Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (SDEIA) report for the Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline water supply project has been prepared by the Eco Trade LLC. This SDEIA report is for the Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline project which originates at the Gunii Hooloi groundwater resource area and extends to the storage lagoon of the Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold processing plant. The water demand of the Oyu Tolgoi mine will be more in initial years than yearly average water demand in other years until drainage water will be possible to reuse. Water demand for the Oyu Tolgoi mine has been estimated with an average yearly demand 696 L/s based on peak year for 110. The water supply system facilities occupy an estimated total area of 1030 ha. The SDEIA includes mitigation measures and an attached Environmental Protection Plan and Environmental Monitoring Plan.9 km of pipe. The project water supply system facilities include 28 production and 5 standby bores. a maintenance road and other facilities. Mongolia. The proposed corridor for the pipeline and pumping stations for the Oyu Tolgoi project begins at Gunii Hooloi located 25 km from the northeast of the Oyu Tolgoi license area and continues 70 km to the Oyu Tolgoi project area. The SDEIA presents a detailed description of the project. a raw water storage pond with a capacity of 400000 m3 break pump station including 110 MW electricity transmission lines. 64% tailings density and 0% mine dewatering. 2008 In accordance with the order of Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc (IMMI). and potential impacts to the environment from the Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline construction and its operation.

The approved EIA for the use of the aquifer did not include the details of the borefield Infrastructure and pipeline as design of these facilities was not complete at the time. standards. soil stripping and stockpiling.000 m3 capacity. Field observations. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC vii . The SDEIA indicates that the impact on the environment from Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline Water Supply is temporary and limited to the immediate area of the infrastructure. There is not direct impact to cultural heritage and climate. Environmental consultants. and gaseous emission from vehicles used during construction. A Detailed EIA report on the potential impacts of groundwater use from the Gunii Hooloi aquifer was prepared by Eco Trade LLC and approved by the MNE. The identification of potential environmental impacts from the Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline water supply was completing using a risk matrix which considers potential impacts and severity. regulations and legislation during the construction and operation phase were completed for the SDEIA of this project in July. 12 water bores in the southern portion of the southeast part of the borefleld which are predicted to provide 30 L/s per bore in the low transmissivity (LT) and 21 water bores in the higher transmissivity (HT) northeast part of the borefield which are estimated to provide 40 L/s per bore. and identification of applicable Mongolian and International legal requirements. emergency lagoon. and excavation and installation of pipe stations and other facilities. 2007. These localized impacts can be minimized during construction through implementation of technical procedures for removal of soil and vegetation.. April in 2005. emergency raw water storage pond will be located on elevated ground approximately 5 km north of the Oyu Tolgoi mining and processing site to provide an emergency supply of water to the site in the event of a pipeline failure. Potential short term negative impacts may occur on air quality from dust emissions during installation and the construction of pipeline facilities (pipeline. According to archeology research done there are not burial and memorials alongside the pipeline site . collector and break tank pump stations . Mongolia. Water supply from the emergency storage lagoon to the site will be carried within two pipelines. service road and electric line).Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Production bores are proposed to be developed in two distinct areas of the Gunii Hooloi Borefield. laboratory analysis. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Powerlines linking the borefiled pumps with the Oyu Tolgoi site power supply will generally follow the pipeline corridor. DEIA report is supplementary to "Environmental Impact Assessment report for Oyu Tolgoi Project Groundwater Resource Use from the Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquifers" completed by Eco Trade LLC and approved by MNE. A 400. An access road for maintenance and inspection is planned in the pipeline corridor.

Prepared by: Oyuntuya. Environmental Assessment and Expertise Company. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC viii . "" m Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Environmental consultants. Mongolia.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline The development and operation of the Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline project will be undertaken to minimize impacts to the environment through application of the Environmental Protection Plan and the Environmental Monitoring Plan.S Expert of Eco trade LLC..

Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 1. Total width of the pipe is between 60 and 70 km which will be approximately 40 km narrow around the south of the Khanbogd mountain (Appendix 1.2 km from the Gunii Hooloi aquifer areas to the Oyu Tolgoi project area. Environmental Consultants.000 m3 emergtency storage lagoon.1 Oyu Tolgoi project location). 1. Mongolia. Mongolia. The system will work during the operation.2 Raw water supply pipeline project location). 2005 and approved in September. The raw water supply project is included in Oyu Tolgoi mine processing plan in September 2005. Pipeline system consist main 28 boreholes. length of 148. Volume II” report was submitted by MNE in June. capcacity of 110 kW powerline and maintenance road covering 1030 hectares. Following procedures requires to construc the Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline: Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-1 .. collection and break tank pumps. Project location: This project will be implemented in the Jargalant bag of the Khanbogd sum in the Umnugobi province and that pipeline will be lied about 82.2 PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND WATER DEMAND Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline project is one of the certain significant which will supply raw water demand of the Oyu Tolgoi mine processing in Khanbogd sum of Umnugobi province. DEIA executive: A ”Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi projectGroundwater Resource Use from the Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquifers.0 INTRODUCTION 1. a capacity of 400. Project capacity: The peak design water demand rate of 745 L/s and the pipeline capacity is 895 L/s of the water pipeline system. 2005. 4 standby boreholess. Environmental Consultants.9 km underground pipeline. DEIA of the project was prepared by Eco Trade LLC.1 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT Project name: OYU TOLGOI RAW WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE PROJECT Project proponent: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC (IMMI) is the development proponent of the Oyu Tolgoi raw water supply pipeline project and is holded 6709A mining license at the Oyu Tolgoi (Appendix 1.

Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

1. To supply continuously water demand for the Oyu Tolgoi mining and processing during the its operation, 2. Water supply of dust suppression from the construction and operation period of Oyu Tolgoi project, 3. Water supply of the air Oyu Tolgoi power plant, 4. Raw water that will be directed for domestic use will be fully treated in the Oyu Tolgoi water treatment and bottling plant.

1.3 RAW WATER DEMAND OF THE OYU TOLGOI PROJECT Accordance with order of IMMI LLC, Fluor group studied water demand of Oyu Tolgoi project based on water suply resource and water demand for the operation period prepared for IMMI LLC. This report based on Oyu Tolgoi raw water supply pipleine detailed engineering design report in August, 2008. Water demands for the mine vary depending on the level of production within the mine operations. Preliminary information from “Technical Discussion Memorandum TDM201 Site Water Balance and Design Criteria for GH Pipeline_Rev2 ” is that production within the mine is proposed to commence with a production rate around 70,000 t/d possibly during years 1 to 3 of operation, increasing to a production rate of 85,000 t/d during years 4 to 8 of operation and 170,000 t/d up to year 16.

The peak design demand rate for the 85,000 t/d, 64% tailings density and 0% mine dewatering scenario is recommended to be carried forward for pipeline sizing purposes (Table 1.1).

Plant design water demand: The plant raw water demand ranges from 535 to 671.2 L/s, with an average yearly demand of 627 L/s.

Infrastructure and Mining Raw Water Demand: 1. Domestic Water Supply – 400 people living continuously on site at a consumption rate of 0.27 m3 per person per day. 1900 people working but not living on site a consumption rate of 0.135 m3 per person per day. For the this water consumtion is 4.2 L/s throughout year.
Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental Consultants, Mongolia. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

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Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

2. Steam Boiler System Makeup Water – It rates between 0.1-6.3 L/s and average rate is 2.6 L/s. This water consumption is 0.1 L/s in summer to 6.3 L/s in winter. 3. Glycol Heating System Makeup Water – According to estimation the water consumption is 1.2 L/s from November to April in winter time and maximum water demand is 2.8 L/s. 4. Ongoing Construction Activities (including Concrete Batch Plant) – It is 0.3 L/s in winter to 0.8 L/s in summer, average is 0.6 L/s. 5. Sewage Return and Primary Crusher water demand has been transferred to the plant water balance. 6. Truck Wash - Each month truck wash will be done and 1.7 L/s throughout the year. 7. Power Plant – 7.6 L/s in winter to 9.5 L/s in summer, average demand is 8.5 L/s. 8. Infrastructure Dust Suppression – It will be depends on seasons and 11.5 L/s in June July. There is no water use for the dust suppression activity in winter time. Average water demand is 3.3 L/s. 9. Open Pit Mine Dust Suppression – The water demand ranges from 0 and 57.5 L/s throughout the year with average yearly demand of 16.6 L/s. 10. Underground Mine – 30 L/s throughout the year.

Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental Consultants, Mongolia.

Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

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Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

Table 1.1 Plant Raw Water Demand Requirements of the Oyu Tolgoi, L/s Үзүүлэлт Plant Raw Water Demand (L/s) 6 670.1 7 671.2 8 625.1 9 640.3 10 607.3 11 548.7 12 638.7 1 635.9 2 639.8 3 534.8 4 657.8 5 650.6 Average 627.5 Maximum 671.2 Mine dewatering scenario 0% Dewatering

A

Plant capacity Design (110.000 t/day)

Infrastructure/Mining Raw Water Demand (L/s) Water Demand User 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Domestic Water Supply Sewage return Steam boiler System Makeup water Glycol Heating System Makeup Water Ongoing Construction Activities (inc. Concrete Batch Plant) Primary crusher Truck wash Power Plant Infrastructure Dust Suppression Open Pit Mine Dust Suppression Underground Mine Total Infrastructure/Mining Demand A+B total Design (110.000 t/day) 0.1 0 0.8 0.1 0 0.8 0.1 0 0.8 0.1 0 0.8 0.1 0 0.8 2.8 1.4 0.8 6.3 2.8 0.3 6.3 2.8 0.3 6.3 2.8 0.3 6.3 2.8 0.3 2.8 1.4 0.8 0.1 0 0.8 2.6 1.2 0.6 6.3 2.8 0.8 6 4.2 7 4.2 8 4.2 9 4.2 10 4.2 11 4.2 12 4.2 1 4.2 2 4.2 3 4.2 4 4.2 5 4.2 Average 4.2 Maximum 4.2

1.7 9.5 11.5 57.5 30 115.3 785.4

1.7 9.5 10 50 30 106.3 777.6

1.7 9.5 7.2 36 30 89.5 714.6

1.7 9.5 3 15 30 64.5 704.6

1.7 9.5 0 0 30 46.3 653.6

1.7 7.6 0 0 30 48.5 597.2

1.7 7.6 0 0 30 52.8 691.5

1.7 7.6 0 0 30 52.8 688.7

1.7 7.6 0 0 30 52.8 692.6

1.7 7.6 0 0 30 52.8 587.6

1.7 7.6 2.4 12 30 62.9 720.7

1.7 9.5 5.7 28.5 30 80.5 741.1

1.7 8.5 3.3 16.6 30 68.8 696.3

1.7 9.5 11.5 57.5 30 115.3 785.4

B

Source: Raw Water Supply Pipeline Detailed Engineering Report, Fluor group, Aug, 2008.

Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental Consultants, Mongolia.

Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

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Site design water demand ranges from 588 L/s to 785 L/s.000 m3 emergency / buffer storage lagoon is recommended that wil provide approximately one week’s emergency supply to the site in the event of a major borefield / pipeline failure. Three options for the improvements of the raw water supply sysytem have been examined.1 Site. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. A 400. Environmental Consultants.1).Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Total water demand of plant raw water demand and infrastructure / mining water demand is 110. with an average yearly demand of 696 L/s (Figure 1. L/s It is probable that water supply will be decreased from water supply pipeline in winter period. and water supply will be increased in high evaporation period.000 tonn per day with 64% availability factor and 0% mine dewatering. 900 800 Dem and F low R ate L /s 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Plant Design Dem and (L/s) Site Design Dem and (L/s) Infrastructure Dem and (L/s) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Month Figure 1. the indicated design capacity requirements for the borefield / pipeline is 935 L/s.. Mongolia. The below table shown the pipeline / borefield design capacity is estimated of 900 L/s. Inclusive of a margin of 150 L/s for lagoon refilling within one month of its emergency use. According to the scenario the peak design water demand rate of 785 L/s and it is recommended that a lower margin of 115 L/s is adopted for lagoon refilling (Table 1. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-5 .2 Raw water demand management options). Infrastructure and Plant Raw Water Demand.

Yearly Raw Water Demand Option 1. Aug.4 PROJECT DURATION The water supply pipeline project is one of the significant infrastructure of the Oyu Tolgoi project. Environmental Consultants. Increased Emergency Storage Balancing plus increased Emergency Storage 3 (m ) (m3) Mine Dewatering options 2 12 hours hours 1 hour 2 days 1 week 2 weeks Design water demand (110. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.696 L/s Source: Raw water supply pipeline detailed engimeering design report. 1.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Options Plant capcaicty 2 12 1 hours hours day 2 days 1 week 2 weeks Option 2. The water supply pipeline system designed during the operation continuously. The project is proposed to supply water demand of Oyu Tolgoi project from the Gunii Hooloi borefield in whole project duration. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-6 . Flour group.. Mongolia. Yearly Raw Water Demand Balancing (m3) Table 1.2 Water demand management options of the water supply pipeline Option 3.000 t/d) Mine Dewatering 0% 5013 30079 60158 120316 421107 842214 984564 989577 1014643 1044722 1104880 1405671 1826778 Borefield and Mine water demand: 785 L/s + pipeline design Borefield and pipeline:115 L/s = 900 L/s parameters Average water demand . Oyu Tolgoi mining and processing operation will be for 60 years. 2008. According to the preliminary estimation.

from which gravity flow runs to the site (Appendix 2. 2. guard fence and communication systems. two groups can be divided.1 Oyu Tolgoi water supply system schematic drawing ). Mongolia.1 GENERAL OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM The detailed engineering design of the water supply pipeline and borefield at the Oyu Tolgoi covers the following aspects:      Access and borefield road. fire protection instrumentation. The whole system consists of 5 collector tank pump station (CTPS#1~ CTPS#5) which collect pressure flow from the Borehole pump station (BTPS#1).1. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.. Piping and fittings. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-7 .2 Bore pumps locaton of the borefield). According to the profile diagram of pipeline of 33 bore pump system. respectively including 21 bores with design flow rate of 40 L/s each and 12 bores with 30 L/s (Appendix 2. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 2. Electrical. Lagoon. Pump stations and water collector tank.1 Bore pump stations The OT water supply system obtains water from the bore fields of the High Transmissivity (HT) area and the Low Transmissivity (LT) area. and boosted again to lagoon far away.0 WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE SITE PLAN 2.

А2MW-6100-10C-200 The production bores will achieve a combined flow rate of 900 L/s. Mongolia. Production bores flow rate are shown in Table 2. Of bores GH01_PB01 GH01_PB02 GH01_PB03 GH01_PB04 GH01_PB05 GH01_PB06 GH01_PB07 GH02_PB01 GH02_PB02 GH02_PB03 GH02_PB05 GH02_PB06 GH02_PB07 GH03_PB01 GH03_PB02 GH03_PB04 GH03_PB05 GH03_PB06 GH03_PB07 GH04_PB01 GH04_PB02 GH04_PB03 GH04_PB04 GH04_PB05 GH04_PB06 GH05_PB01 GH05_PB02 GH05_PB04 GH05_PB05 GH05_PB06 Latitude (m) 697500 697370 699500 699500 695500 696007 700750 691391 693658 693474 695500 697500 697424 689500 691500 689500 692368 693500 689500 681400 682500 681347 682387 684500 685000 673500 676419 675500 678161 679000 Longitude (m) 4814000 4812090 4812000 4810000 4812000 4813515 4810709 4810202 4811345 4808009 4808000 4810000 4808524 4806000 4808000 4804000 4805110 4806300 4808000 4801010 4804000 4802834 4798517 4802000 4804500 4797000 4798866 4795000 4797735 4800000 Area (m) 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 Aquifer area HT zone LT zone Source: Fluor group. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-8 .1 Location and area of the bores No.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 2.2.. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Environmental Consultants.

Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

Table 2.2 Production Bores Flow Rate LT area No. of bores 10 2
*

HT area Total flow (L/s) 300 60 No. of bores 18 3
*

Flow per bore (L/s) 30 30

Flow per bore (L/s) 40 40

Total flow (L/s) 720 120

Total flow (L/s)

1020 180

Source: Raw water supply pipeline detailed engineering design for bore location updated design report, Flour group, Aug 2008. Note: “*” represents the installed standby capacity

Pump station is set for every production bore. Bore pump station hoist water from the raw water storage pond and deliver to the collection tank pump. Each bore pump station will comprise a modular structure containing the water bore, bore pump equipment, headworks, electrical distribution panels and pipeline connection (Appendix 2.3 Bore pump station GH01_PB01site plan). With reference to the layout of mechanical and electrical equipment, the borehole pump house has a design plan size of 4.8x8.0 m and height of 4.445 m and double-sloped roof. For maintaining the suction pipe, the manhole in 1000 mm diameter is set at the roof. For installing equipment, the pump house gate is sized 1500x2400 mm. For cold climate protection, windows have double-layered glass, and the exterior gate is of insulation-type steel.

With reference to operating conditions, the bore pump house adopts lightweight steel structure for portal rigid frame, wall grider, gable column and purlin, and color coated steel sandwiched with PVC benzene board for insulation. According to structural calculation, walls and roofs adopt 150 mm-thick boards sandwiched within steel plates of 0.8 mm thick; wall griders, gable columns and purlins are of C-type lightweight steel, portal rigid frame is of H-type high frequency welded variable-section lightweight steel structure. Foundation is of the independent type below columns and connected with bracing beams in adepth of over 2.2 m. The reinforced concrete foundation uses C35 concrete. This report attached general architecture and design of the bore pump station. (Appendix 2.4 Bore pump station GH01_PB01 elevation). Gunii Hooloi borefield and water supply pipeline system consists total area of 2.0625 (for 33 bores) hectares and bore pump station construction with its outside protection fence for each bore. Table 2.3 shown general parameters of the bore pump system.

No 1

Types Protection fence

Table 2.3 General parameters of bore pump system Size Area 25 m х 25 m 625 m2
Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental Consultants, Mongolia.

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Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

2 3 4

Protection fence (for 33 bore pumps) Bore pump station Bore pump station (for 33 bore pumps )

(25 m х 25 m)x33 8 m x 4.8 m (8 m х 4.8 m) x 33

625*33=20625 m2 or 2.0625 ha 38.4 m2 38.4*33=1267.2 m2

Source: Bore Pump Station – General layout (A2MW-6110-10C-025),Gunii Hooloi borefield and Pipeline project

2.2 COLLECTOR AND BREAK TANK STATIONS Water is delivered from the water bores to collection tanks via low pressure high density polyethylene pipelines. Collection tank will serve groups of bores for the collection and onward pumping of raw water to the emergency storage lagoon and Oyu Tolgoi site. CTPS#1-CTPS#5 will be constructed depends on bore pump parameters and flow rate of the borefield and location and area of the CTPS shown in Table 2.4.

Each collector tank will have approximately 1 hour storage and will include a series of horizontal split case centrifugal pums including variable speed drive, magnetic flowmeter and rainage pumps. (Appendix 2.5 Collector tank pump station CTP1 pipeline plan).

One operational and one standby pump will be provided for each of the two collection tanks in the low transmissivity south-west part of the borefield and two operational and one standby pump will be provided for each of the three collection tanks in the high transmissivity north-east part of the borefield (Table 2.4).

Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental Consultants, Mongolia.

Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

Page-10

Oyu Tolgoi project

DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline

Table 2.4 Location and area of the CTPS Area (м) 5688 5688 5688 5688 5688 6216 LT zone HT zone Borefield aquifer area

No. of pump station CTPS#1 CTPS#2 CTPS #3 CTPS#4 CTPS#5 ӨУСНС #1

Latitude (m) 697295.02 694820.69 690844.73 681699.5 675227.91 672505

Longitude (m) 4811780.88 4809230.18 4805587.32 4800947.2 4796579.97 4793168

Source: Fluor group, А2MW-6100-10C-200

As requirement by pump layout, equipment room of CTPS#~CTPS#5 and BTPS#1 pump house is of semi-underground type. Equipment room, based on installation and lifting requirement, has a building height of 6.4 m, and electrical room of 4.3 m. Pump houses have double roofs with slope of 1:12. For requirements of equipment installation and maintenance and ramp of 4.2 m wide is arranged at extreme end in equipment room for convenience of transport and installation. Windows sized as 3600 x 1500 mm are set in the front wall. For cold climate protection, windows have double-layered glass, and the exterior gate is of insulation-type steel.

CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS #1 pump houses adopt lightweight portal steel structure, and walls, and roofs use insulation type sandwiched board. According to electro-mechanical calculation, walls and roofs adopt 150 mm thick boards sandwiched within steel plates of 0.8 mm thick; wall griders, gable columns and purlins are of C-type lightweight steel, portal rigid frame is of H-type highfrequency welded variable –section lightweight steel structure (Appendix 2.6 General layout of CTPS#1). In the detail design based on water regulation, the collector tank and break tank have three types of storage capacity respectively 300 m3, 400 m3 and 600m3, CTP#1~CTP#3 have design capacity of 2 x 400 m3, CTP#4~CTP#5 of 2 x 300 m3, BTPS#1 of 2x600 m3. Structural calculation are based on cast-in-place concrete. Structural calculations have been made for tank wall, top and base slabs using respective ly “substition framework method” and no beam cover structure”. Below Table 2.5 shown technical parameters of the CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS#1.

Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC., Environmental Consultants, Mongolia.

Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC

Page-11

Mongolia.0m 45. 12° slope 2×600 m3 3 duty.0m lifting height.875×12. H=105m and N=315kW 1 duty. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-12 .0m span. 11.0m (H)×1.2m. 7. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.0 m Diameter 3. 16.3 m 4. a sump of 2. Maintanence of 11. Environmental Consultants. 3kW electric hoist. maintenance and rain on ramp from pump house.404 m 4.375×12.8 kW big trolley 5t weight.0 m lifting height.3 m 6. H=156m and N=250kW 2 duty. 2008.2m. 1 standby. 4.0m 51.404 m 4.875×12. Q=1080m3/h.8m(D)is set at left side of pump house with two movable submersible drainage pumps(1 duty and 1 standby) in. Source: Raw water supply pipeline detailed engiinering design report. 11.2m.5m span. 1 standby.0m span.0m height To drain water from seepage. 12° slope 2×300 m 3 6. 1 standby. Aug.8 kW big trolley 10t weight.2m. 3kW electric hoist.0m span.0m 38. 0.375×12. 0. 1 standby. getting water through pipes after relieved by three-stage valves from pump outlet pipe Domestic sewage and waste water meet and drain through DN150 DICL pipe into Sewage system outdoor septic tank.5m (W)×1. 1 standby. 9.0m lifting height. Q=432m3/h.404 m 4.404 m 4.3 m 4.8 kW big trolley 2t weight.2m. Q=432m3/h. 0.0m 6.3m above ground and 1.2m.8kW small trolley and and 2×0.404 m 4. 9. Q=432 m3/h.8 kW big trolley Air (water) surge tank Leakage and Maintenance Drainage Water Supply Diameter of 2.0m away to an anti-scour apron.875×18.0m 69.8 m.4 kW small trolley and 2×0.5 Technical parameters in Pump House CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS #1 Layout of pump house CTPS#1 CTPS#2 CTPSС#3 CTPS#4 CTPS#5 BTPS#1 Plan size 45. 9. Equipment and 7. 6. 0. Fluor group.0m lifting height. height 4.0m span. 12° slope slope maintenance Water capacity 2×300 m3 2 duty. 6. 13kW electric hoist.3 m 6.0m lifting height. Q=540m3/h H=38m and N=90kW 1 duty. 12° slope 2×300 m 3 6.4 kW small trolley and 2×0. 0.8kW crane features) small trolley and and 2×0.0m lifting height.8m . 1standby. 11. 9.5kW electric hoist.404 m Electrical room 4. 12° installation and 4. 9. 9. As required by Client.0m height Diameter of 3.4 kW small trolley and 2×0. H=237m and N=1000kW Equipment 4.3 m 4.8 kW big trolley 2t weight..0m 38.0m span.8× 2kW small and 2×0.5kW electric Valve (gantry hoist. H=188m and N=315 kW 2×300 m 3 Pump parameters 2 duty. 0.3 m 4. Q=540m3/h H=31b and N=75kW 5t weight.0m. Pump outlet pipes separately extend out of house wall 0. a toilet is set nearby control room.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 2.5kW electric hoist. 12° slope 2×300 m 3 Building height 6.8 kW big trolley 3t weight.875×12. 11.

5 and interior slope of 1:3 are feasible (Хавсралт зураг 2. The emergency storage lagoons will provide over a week’s water supply to the site in the event of a major borefield / pipeline failure.7 Хиймэл нуурын ерөнхий төлөвлөлт). As required. The design therefore will take measures to make the material satisfactory to embankment and minimize disposal and soil replacement.56. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-13 .. indicating the exterior slope of 1:2.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 2.53 ha.64) approximately 5 km to the north of the Oyu Tolgoi site. On the basis of safety. Environmental Consultants. The excavation area is 55300 m2 and 5.3 EMERGENCY STORAGE LAGOON Two 200. Photo 1. The embankment seepage and stability calculation has been carried out on the basis of shear strength of rocks available in geological data. disposal will be large and the project cost will be increased. The emergency storage lagoons will also be completely covered by a floating cover liner in order to minimize evaporative water loss and to prevent the undesirable accumulation of dust.000 m3 capacity emergency storage lagoons will be constructed on elevated ground (N 650824. the Lagoon storage is 400.000m3. Mongolia. General position of the lagoon Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. and if not fully utilized. E 4772533. cost will be minimized. The emergency storage lagoons will be constructed with earth embankments and will be completely lined with high density polyethylene liner system in order to minimize leakage and water loss. including a 2-cell arrangement and each with a base width of 90 m and base length of 120 m. The embankment design is to fully utilize the local material. This will allow sufficient time for any necessary repairs to be made and the borefield/pipeline returned to full functionality.

High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pipe. Mongolia. Main pipeline diameter is different which is depends on flow rate capacity of tank pupms and the main pipeline characteristic parameters are shown in Table 2.814 km.6 and Table 2. which is included delivered pipeline from collection tank pump of 67.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 2. carbon steel (CS) pipe and FiberglassReinforced Plastics (FRP) pipe. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-14 . the suitable types of pipe include Ductile Iron Cement Lined (DICL) pipe.7.162 km length and pipeline of borehole connected from collection tank pump 81. Environmental Consultants.652 km length. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Under the control of the design principle.4 WATER PIPELINE DESIGN The main line of water supply pipeline totals 148..

04 0. Environmental Consultants.32 0. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-15 .36 3.08 1.80 3.36 1.04 1.76 2.92 2.32 1.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 2.04 1.60 1.28 4.32 3..32 2.6 Borehole to CTPS#1~ CTPS#5 Pipeline Parameters Calculation pressure (bar) Pipe diameter (м) Design flow (L/s) Borefield area LT zone HT zone Pipeline length (m) 2185 278 2558 2948 1791 2107 3696 3596 2407 1861 1049 1441 2786 2700 1393 2503 793 2090 1593 4205 2756 2429 3157 1943 2565 2984 4845 1767 2577 1198 1647 3560 5086 Pipe material HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE HDPE DICL DICL DICL DICL DICL DICL Pipe starting Pipe end GH01_PB01 GH01_P02 CTPS#1 GH01_PB03 GH01_PB04 GH01_PB05 GH01_PB06 GH01_PB07 GH02_PB01 GH02_PB02 CTPS#2 GH02_PB03 GH02_PB04 GH02_PB05 GH02_PB06 GH02_PB07 GH03_PB01 GH03_PB02 CTPS#3 GH03_PB03 GH03_PB04 GH03_PB05 GH03_PB06 GH03_PB07 GH04_PB01 GH04_PB02 CTPS#4 GH04_PB03 GH04_PB04 GH04_PB05 GH04_PB06 GH05_PB01 GH05_PB02 GH05_PB03 GH05_PB04 GH05_PB05 GH05_PB06 CTPS#5 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 2.24 3.16 1.96 1.64 3.60 2.56 3. Mongolia.12 1.20 4.04 1.16 6.56 2.72 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ 10″ DN200 DN200 DN200 DN200 DN200 DN200 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.84 2.04 1.80 2.56 2.32 3.24 2.

1 is installed in the DN500 pipe section near the connection with CTPS#1 discharge pipe..20 13.4. strong abrasiveness.9 Collector tank pump station CTPS1 pipeline section. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. resistance against acid and alkali and low roughness.  Pigging No. 2. The parameters of the these CTPS and BTPS attached in (Appendix 2. 2008. HDPE pipe has excellent performance of stable chemical property. inherent resistance against corrosion and scaling.  Pigging No.00 DN500/DN7 00/DN800/ DN900 DN500 DN500 DN400 DN400 DN900 DN900 Pipeline material DICL Length of the pipeline (m) 31309 CTPS#1 BTPS#1 CTPS#2 CTPS3 CTPS#4 CTPS#5 CTPS#1 Lagoon Main pipeline Main pipeline Main pipeline Main pipeline Lagoon Mine site DICL DICL 82 111 DICL DICL DICL DICL 111 111 31218 2×4268 Source: Detailed design report of the industrial water supply pipeline.2/4.00 28. 7 sets of pigging will be designed for the main pipeline system. As such. Flour Group. Appendix 2. Aug.8 Collector tank pump station CTP1 piping plan.10 Break tank pump station BTP1 pipeline plan (Sheet 1 of 2). pigging system is not considered to be necessary. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-16 .11 Break tank pump station BTP1 pipeline plan (Sheet 2 of 2)).2/1 3. Noted that gravity pipeline has excessive capacity to the site – even with scaling and that build up of scale doesn’t impact any pumping efficiencies (as the gravity line is not pumped).3 is installed in the DN800 pipe section near the connection with CTPS#3 discharge pipe. Environmental Consultants. Mongolia.7 Main pipeline parameter Diameter Design Design of the flow pressure pipeline 3 (m /h) (bar) (mm) 432/864/129 6/1836/2376 432 432 540 540 2376 2376 22.32 24.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Pipe starting Pipe end Table 2.20 4. Appendix 2. So pipeline pigging system is not considered for the HDPE pipe.20 2.  Pigging No.32/24 19. Appendix 2.2 is installed in the DN700 pipe section near the connection with CTPS#2 discharge pipe.8/19.1 Pipeline cleaning The cleaning devices (Pigging) are arranged at the main pipeline.

2.4.4 is installed in the DN900 pipe section near the connection with CTPS#4 discharge pipe. vent pipe and outlet pipe for collector tank. diesel oil pipe and instrument pipe.6 is installed in the DN900 pipe section near the connection with BTPS#1 discharge pipe. However because of the generally low moisture barrier is sufficient protection for most of the pipelines. outlet pipe. storage pond. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. The pipeline consists of inlet pipe.  Pigging No. 2.3 Layout of lagoon Lagoon mainly consists of inlet flow meter pit. 2. Mongolia. sand and clay soils is extremely high. overflow pip. bypass and instrument pipe. additional corrosion protection will be applied to DICL pipes. bypass (CTPS#5).  Pigging No. inlet pipe and outlet pipe for pumps. intake and outlet. collector tank and pump house.2 CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS#1 pipeline layout CTPS#1~CTPS#5 & BTPS#1 mainly consist of inlet flow meter pit. outlet flow meter pit.4.. Environmental Consultants. The strenghtened protection involves coating by two layers of bitumen and two layers of wrapping by ruberoid containing brizol or bitumen. compressed air pipe.5 is installed in the DN900 pipe section near the main pipe inlet to break tank. There are other wrapping products used outside Mongolian that may be more effective and these should be compared with the local methods for cost-effectiveness. inlet valve pit. The pipeline consists of inlet pipe. outlet valve pit. suction pipe.4 Pipeline protection High density polyethylene (HDPE) and ductile iron cement lied (DICL) pipes have been selcted for use due to having high internal and external corrosion resistance. Common practice in Mongolia for basic corrosion protection for steel pipe involves outside coating with a layer of bitumen of 3 mm thick and wrapping by one layer of synthetic film or brizol (ruberoid film coated with bitumen). Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-17 . (for example at river crossing). Engineering geological investigation analysis shows the amount of mineral substances in the gravel.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline  Pigging No. It is also important to route high-voltage power lines away from the steel pipelines to avoid inducing currents that will promote corrosion. In extreme cases.4.

would require that the top of the pipe be placed at a minimum depth of 2.0 – 3. However.. Where the pipe diameter exceeds DN700 mm.9 Trench slope versus soil types and depths Trench depths.25 1:1 1:0.5 m.5 Pipeline excavation and backfill Trench digging and backfilling should be done in accordance with Mongolian standards.8 Excavation Depth for Pipe Trenches Nominal diameter 10″ DN400 DN500 DN700 DN800 DN900 Trench width (m ) 2. With pipe diameters up to 900 mm diameter plus bedding material. Mongolia.25 1:0.25 m wide bucket will be used to excavate the trench.0 m. trench depth can easily reach 4.0 – 6. Table 2. it has been assumed that an excavator with a 1.0 3.5 1:1.5 х DN) as illustrated below. in estimating the extent of the trench excavation and costs.2 m. Freezing depth for different soils in accordance with Mongolian norms are presented in the Table below (Appendix 2.67 Soil type Sand and gravel Sandy clay Clay Note: Slopes shown are to read as Ver : Hor The minimum width at the base of the trench shall be at least the outside diameter of the pipe plus a minimum of 0.5 m to 2. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-18 . The standard state that potable water pipelibes without insulation shall be installed at a minimum depth of 0.e.2 m to 2.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 2.60 2.5 m below freezing level which. 1.67 1:0.7 m depth beneath natural surface. The current proposed trench slopes are illustrated in the Table below. m 0.12 Pipeline typical cross sections). and for practical proposes this is has been taken as the minimum bottom width of the trench.95 1.85 Records Pipeline between bore pump and CTPS#1~CTPS#5 Main pipe Main pipe Main pipe Main pipe Main pipe The finally adopted trench slope shall be determined based on type of soil and depth of trench and will be finalised in the detailed design phase.65 2. the trench width should be a minimum of 1. based on the stated freezing depth of 1.5 times the diameter of pipe (i. Table 2. Environmental Consultants.0 1:1.4. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.6 1.75 2.

fire safety approaches are selected based on functions of different rooms in CTPS#1~CTPS#5 and BTPS#1. They can be high and must be counterbalanced by appropriate self-anchored joint systems or by anchor blocks. and only portable fire extinguishers are used in bore pump houses and operators’ room at Lagoon.5. diesel generator room and oil tank room of CTPS#1 to CTPS#5. Air conditioner is started once temperature is higher than 38°C. Unburied pipe at the turn in the pump house. According to the arrangement design of main pipeline. 2. CTP#1~CTP#5 and BTPS#1. Tshaped pipe and pipe block.6 Pipeline thrust block Hydraulic thrust forces occur at changes in direction. and stop once lower than 28°C.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 2. Indoor temperature shall be maintained within the range specified in codes while water pump working or water pump in shutdown in winter. Ductile iron pipe with socket and spigot connection at the vertical bend. 1. tees and tapers) and at the ends of pipelines carrying water under pressures.5.10. both propane heptafluoride gas no-pipe devices (propane devices) and portable fire extinguishers are used in control room. BTPS#1 and control room of Lagoon. 2.5 INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENTS 2. electrical room.. horizontal bend. 3. Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastic (FBR) pipe with socket and spigot connection at the vertical bend. A set of air conditioner is installed at the electric room with different cooling capacity for use in summer. Heating. the thrust block should be considered. Ventilation. At present. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-19 .1 Fire safety With reference to geographic location and project features. Ventilation and air conditioning system Water pipeline and water pump are arranged in CTP. the following typical pipe section should be protected by thrust block. CTPS and BTPS are listed in Table 2. When the hydraulic thrust forces in the pipe is beyond the force endured by the pipe itself. 2. Mongolia.4. Environmental Consultants. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. reductions in diameter (bends.2 Heating. and Air Contioning Design Considerations for BPS.

pressure. CTPS#2. at key positions of the pipeline.3 Air conditioner at the electrical room Power supply The 35kV power supply which comes from the mine through the overhead line serves every BPS. the control layer of pump station. The DCS for the pump station is open and distribution system with flexible configuration and convenient functional pattern. CTPS#4. CTPS and BTPS Parameters Indoor temperature Hot-plates Started once temperature Stop once temperature Far infrared hot-plates Air conditioner at the electrical room Heat generation of electrical equipment Cooling capacity Started once temperature Stop once temperature Cooling capacity Started once temperature Stop once temperature Water pipe 6 cm of exceed thin glass cotton Bore Pump Station +5°C lower than +5°C higher than +15°C eight 2000 W far infrared hot-plates 4 kW 6000 kW higher than +38°C lower than +28°C CTPS#1 +5°C lower than +5°C higher than +8°C three 2000 W far infrared hot-plates 4 kW 14000 kW higher than +38°C lower than +28°C 7000 kW higher than +38°C lower than +28°C 6 cm of exceed thin glass cotton BTPS#1 +5°C lower than +5°C higher than +8°C three 2000 W far infrared hot-plates 4 kW 100000 kW higher than +38°C lower than +28°C 7000 kW higher than +38°C lower than +28°C 6 cm of exceed thin glass cotton 2. CTPS#1-CTPS#5. temperature. Environmental Consultants. BTPS#1 and Lagoon under VFD (Variable Frequency Drives) to regulate flow rate. Mongolia. BTPS#1 and Lagoon through cables. as the LCU (Local Control Unit) of the Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. CTPS#5. etc. and Lagoon. and enables local display and remote transmission.. CTPS#1. 2. leakage. which consists of the remote control layer within the WCC.5. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-20 .10 Heating.5. and Air Contioning Design Considerations for BPS. and a 6KV outdoor transformer stepping down to 0.4 Design of distributed control system The DCS is arranged for the whole OT water supply system. BTPS#1. The VFD communicates with the DCS through Profibus DP to realize automatic control of the pipeline system. installed respectively in each CTPS#1~CTPS#5. The 6KV overhead line connects the nearby CTPS#1-CTPS#5 to each Bore Pump Station (all 33). Ventilation. The DCS takes signal measurement of flow. A 35KV substation is set at the pump station to step down the voltage to 6KV and connects every BPS. CTPS#3. The local control station.4KV is set at each Bore Pump Station. local control station and network equipment.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 2.

105 km. which connects with the communication device of the pump station supplied by others through the Ethernet interface. Mongolia. shoulder width of 1m at both cut and fill sections. Two cameras are set at each of the bore pump stations.5.  CCTV system: A set-up of this system is isatalled each construction. BTPS#1.5. microwave) or optical cable are to be determined by PMT.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline motor. Environmental Consultants.g. CTPS#1~CTPS#5. Security system is composed of three sub-systems:  Fire alarm: With reference to the building layout in the basic design and specifications. According to the geotechnical data along the pipeline.5 m..5 Design of security system  Fire alarm. is distributed in each pump house. including the road surface width of 4. enables autocontrol of the pump and remote signal transmission. totally 20 cameras. totally 66. The totally five cameras are set at Lagoon.  Security and access control. The pavement structural design is based on truck-20t load.  Security and access control: All rooms of the above buildings are set with passive infrared detector.  CCTV system. Roads across the river are specially designed with concrete pavement.596 km long. Fill sections will borrow materials from the Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. The dot-type smoke detector and dot-type temperature detector is placed on the roof of the each BPS. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-21 . vertical curve and turning radius all follow the requirements of Mongolian design codes. totally five cameras.6 Maintenance road The main line of maintenance roads totals 67. The communication means of either wireless (e. Four CCTV cameras are set in each of CTPS#1~CTPS#5. CCTV cameras are set at BTPS#1. and the road surface is of graded gravel pavement. and the access switch is set at the entrance of pump and main room. All detection signals are received by the main security control in the pump station and then interface with the communication device supplied by others. totally 40 of such controls. the plane curve. an area fire alarm control is set in each of BPS. 2. The connection between every control layer of pump station is carried out through Ethernet in exchange at a speed of 100Mbps in conformity with TCP/IP. The active infrared detector is set at the walls around the building. The design of maintenance roads considers the low frequency of traffic and small load. and the line of totally 30 branch roads is 75. and collects the status signal of the motor. 2. and Lagoon.

At most. It is anticipated that the water will fall in temperature from the approximately insitu temperature of 15°C in the aquifer to a temperature of 2°C at the delivery point at the end of the main pipeline during winter. Section “Groundwater” will be included about it more comprehensive. Relatively low in iron.7%. Mongolia. Relatively high pH and alkalinity. Figure 2. It is highly undesirable to treat the water in dispersed bore field. there will be requirements for culvert / floodway type crossing at these points. chemical dosing is sometimes used to control scaling or corrosivity in the collector main pipelines. All road construction material will be won from local sources along the route with the best quality material being used for the wearing course and the lower quality material utilized as base course. Relatively high salinity. 4.1 Maintenance road design 2.6 WATER QUALITY The raw water quality of the Gunii Hooloi borefield may be characterized as: 1. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. The design of maintenance roads includes minimum horizontal curvature radius of 100m. minimum vertical curve of 1000m and maximum slope of 5. and for pure sand sections. materials will be cut and transported from the specialized borrow area. 2. and 5. Does not present any significant bacteriological contamination. The alignment has been modified to ensue that there are minimal crossing of watercourses and where these occur. 3. Environmental Consultants..Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline nearby area. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-22 . A high degree of hardness.

main environmental impacts on nature when water supply is closed. noise caused by engines used in facilities.1 METHODOLOGY OF ASSESSMENT When we assessed environmental impacts of Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline project we used matrix method with 5 stages and then we consolidated how much was the impact of water supply pipeline project for the area. Mongolia. and. damage and soil degredation and vegetation. 2003” . Therefore detailed report on assessment was developed and some information and data from the report are used in the present report.0 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ASSESSMENT OF THE PROJECT This assessment was conducted in accordance with law on Environmental Impacts Assessment and in coordination with methodological instruction on conducting detailed environmental impact assessment indicated in attachment three of order N 119 issued by Minister of Environment in April 27. “Environmental baseline report. Detailed environmental baseline research of areas where the project is planned to implement including Oyu Tolgoi deposit. “Environmental Baseline Report of Oyu Tolgoi project. Galbyn Gobi and Gunii Hooloi has been conducted by environmental impact assessment experts of Eco Trade Company since 2002. They include establishment of water supply pipelines from Oyu Tolgoi and Gunii Hooloi phreatic water resources. 2003” prepared by Eco Trade LLC. 3. A summary considering the main results of impacts regarding each object affected negatively is as follows: Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. 2006. Please refer to following documents for more detailed information : “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi project. We have assessed the extent of impacts to the environment and their probability using the expert matrix method with 5 stages and 25 categories. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-23 . Finally we combined all impacts for each certain area to make one general conclusion.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 3. Environmental Consultants. “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi project Groundwater Resource Use from Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquifers-Volume II”.Volume III: Mining and Processing”. movements of vehicles and equipments used for constructing and utilizing the water supply..

Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Figure 3. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-24 ..1 Expert assessment matrix Magnitude and extent of impact Impacts High : given or certain or currently occurring Probable or likely: re-occurrence interval of less 1 month Possible: re-occurrence Probability interval of 1 month to 2 years Unusual or unlikely: re-occurrence interval of 2 to 10 years Rare: re-occurrence interval of >10 years No impact No impact Low Moderate Moderate No impact No impact Low Moderate High No impact Low Moderate High High Low Moderate Moderate High High Moderate Moderate High High High Insignificant Low Moderate High Extreme Assessing certain risk in coordination with intensity. Environmental Consultants. For instance. extent and probability of negative environmental impact corresponded with reality more and it was helpful to design and work out the environmental protection plan and environmental analysis and monitoring program. in the occurrence of certain risk. analyzing the collected data and simulating the impact through mathematical modeling. if negative impact is medium and extent is little while probability is high. Mongolia. this risk or negative impact is included in the high risk category which requires us to pay more attention on risk preventive measures. We analyzed intensity and probability of each environmental impact by the following methods: collecting data.

Highest average temperature of many years reaches 30. flora and fauna) and cultural heritage research were conducted based on field research material. As for climate. To examine the climate characteristics: Generally there is high temperature fluctuation at Oyu Tolgoi and surrounding areas depending on day. it is same as climate of areas of Khanbogd and Oyu Tolgoi. Mongolia. Environmental Consultants.Section III” by Eco Trade LLC completed in 2006. surface and internal water. data and monitoring data done in June 2007.9°C (average of July).0 CLIMATE 4. landscape. 4.7°C (average of January). and annual temperature difference is 50. Management and mitigation measures are presented in this report to address the predicted negative impacts. Therefore the extreme temperature varies between -350С and +380С which has severe continental climate characteristics.Volume III” and “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of the Oyu Tolgoi Project Groundwater Resource Use from Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Groundwater Regional Aquifer-Volume II”.. The assessment on impact to the quality of the environment involved analysis of data and compiling summaries based on fundamental research on the current condition of environment using the method of matrix according to assessment requirements. Daily average temperature fluctuation is Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. soil and subsoil. Eco Trade Company developed main climate indicators of Oyu Tolgoi and surrounding areas based on long term data collected at meteorological stations of Khanbogd and Bayan-Ovoo sums and data collected at meteorological station established at Oyu Tolgoi project area in 2002. The number of warm days which temperature is over +300С reaches 120-140 days per year. air quality.1. standard analysis and estimation. geography.9°C.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF CLIMATE Internal water resource area of Gunii Hooloi is located 40-60 km away north east of Oyu Tolgoi deposit. Average annual temperature is 6. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-25 .2 MAIN ASSESSMENT METHODS Fundamental environmental research – Current condition of environment (it includes: climate.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 3. geology. average minimum temperature reaches -19. Additionally we used data from the following reports: “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of the Oyu Tolgoi Project Mining and Processing . It borders with mountain Khanbogd the east and with Galbyn Gobi on the northeast which creates very large valley.6°C in average. Location of the meteorological stations around the project area is included in Appendix 4. The collected information was included in report “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi project Mining and Processing . Probable negative impacts to environment were estimated based on modeling. night and season. and number of warm days per year which temperature is over 00С ranges between 210 and 232 days.

7 -34 -28 -25.1 9.3 -33.4 49.3 51 62. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.4 22.1 Air temperature in Oyu Tolgoi and its surrounding area. The sum of temperatures below zero is 1118.1 m 2.5 XII 14 -10.5 m/s and the strongest wind (40 m/s) happens in May (4.2 Soil temperature in Oyu Tolgoi and its surrounding area .1. Mongolia.7°C.4 4.7 0. Average wind speed is 4. Monthly average soil temperature is shown in Table 4.9 23.5 59.9 -21. while sum of temperature above zero reaches 4458.8 70 68. The strongest storm occurs usually in April and its direction is north and northwest.3 17..9 Minimum -34.°C I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI Maximum 17 29. It is not rare that storm reaches 40 m/s of speed for short term (Namkhaijantsan. Total period of year when there is dust storm reaches 220 hours.9 2.9 40. Annual soil surface temperature is 8.8 -25 -29 XII 18. I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI °C Maximum 9 16. Monthly average temperature is shown in the Table 4. the spring is very dry and windy. by months Temperature.4 9. Table 4.8 25.2 -33.1 days). by months Temperature.6 -20 -26.6 21.5 m Soil surface temperature reaches +65°С degrees during the hottest summer months. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-26 . 2002).5 14.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 15.7 16.3 -24.7 -10.5 -8. Table 4.1 2. The lowest soil surface temperature reaches –37°С during winter months when there is snow mantle.7 -12. There are dust storms from time to time.7 m 2.7 31 31.7 days) and average wind speed in April reaches 5.5 7.2.8 -2.9 -39.9 28.2 -7.4 42.4 Winter is one month shorter than northern soums.7 0.3 67.5 To review soil depth of frost by season:    Clayey soil Sandy soil Gravel soil 1.4 25.9 Mean -12.1 24.1 2. less precipitation.8 Minimum -39.2 24 31 38.2 -2.8 40 29. Dust storms usually occur 6-7 hours in average and total hours of dust storm per year reaches 120 hours.1 m/s. but the wind season begins at the end of March and continues throughout the April (4.6 -4. During any season of the year.7 -2. Environmental Consultants.3 Mean -12.5 -8 -0.8°C.2 39 39 29.5 -14. the wind direction is north and northwest.

Annual total amount of precipitation reaches 85. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-27 . while it is 859 mJ/m2 in July in average. 2004-2007 Figure 4. Environmental Consultants.1 Basic meteorological parameter Geographic location: Mongolia OT Water supply project In winter: Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. January total sum of solar radiation is equal to 269.. while it is 31-37% in summer.9 mJ/m2.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline N NNW NW 12000 10000 8000 6000 NNE NE WNW 4000 2000 ENE W 0 E WSW ESE SW SSW S SSE SE Source: Wind data of Grow Weather station of the Oyu Tolgoi Project. but in autumn it ranges between 30-41 % (Namkhaijantsan.1. and the highest atmosphere pressure is 682 millibar. There is high evaporation due to lack of precipitation and moisture.6 mJ/m2.1 mm in average and 90% of the precipitation fell down like a shower between July and September and rest of the 10% fells down as show in winter. 2002). Mean Air relative humidity is 38-53 % in winter and 1924% in spring. Solar radiation in January is 429 mJ/m2 in average.1 Wind Rose for the Oyu Tolgoi project area The lowest atmosphere pressure is 648 millibar. Air humidity is very little which is about 40-50%. Mongolia. while sun ray sum in July reaches 644. 4.

9°C 15. In the case of having increased dryness. Generally soil moisture of areas with phreatic water reserves is fed by precipitation and flowing of surface water and moisture is stored in sediments located close to surface.. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. “Detailed Environmental Impact assessment Oyu Tolgoi Project Groundwater Resource Use from the Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquifers”. Environmental Consultants.038W/(m•K) 12°C 5°C 16°C 5°C 33°C 4. This kind of moisture is lost by evaporation or through permeating to depth water strata. 27°C 46 %. Mongolia.7°C 20 m/s. Design indoor dry bulb temperature and wall structure Design indoor dry bulb temperature in winter: Bore pump station while pump working: Bore pump station while pump in shutdown Collector tank pump station CTPS#1 ~CTPS#5 while pump working Collector tank pump CTPS#1~CTPS#5 while pumpin shutdown Design indoor dry bulb temperature in summer Thermal transmission coefficient ≤0.Volume II”.marsh without vegetation more. and the soil of shallow lake surroundings and dry. 20 m/s 66kPa 35°C 30. circular salt.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Atmosphere: Winter design temperature : Outdoor relative humidity: Outdoor average wind velocity: In summer: Summer atmospheric pressure: Summer design outdoor dry bulb temperature: Summer air-condutioned daily average: Summer design dayily difference: Summer design outdoor wet bulb temperature: Outdoor average wind velocity: Air pressure 89. micro climate condition of certain areas may go under long term impacts which have been considered and assessed in the following the “Detailed environmental impact assessment of Oyu Tolgoi Mining and Processing . Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-28 .2 IMPACTS OF OYU TOLGOI WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE FOR CLIMATE There is not direct influence for local climate by the construction or operation of the Oyu Tolgoi Water Supply Pipeline.7 18. Predicted decrease of phreatic water level may dry up the soil of places which have temporary moisture. But using phreatic water for long term and reducing water level may cause deminishing of soil moisture.3 Kpa.

. Table 4. During utilization: natural disasters that may have negative influence include dust storm.4 Location of the monitoring Unit Location Degree Each water supply pipeline/borefield mm Frequency To take monthly meteorological Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. To use climate study results for the project construction design and operation stage. operational mulfunction. Therefore it is useful to do following measures:     N 1 2 To control constatntly climatic parameters. wind direction and speed.1 Impacts of climate for Water Supply Pipeline project Climate conditions will have impacts on pipeline. During the construction of project facilities: the main climate factors to consider include atmosphere temperature fluctuation.3 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS There is no impact to the local climate however the climate condition is probable to affect negative to the project construction and operation. Mongolia. rain with lightning and thunder. facilities may be ravaged by flood and there can also be danger of short electrical circuit. Climate conditions will have impacts on pipeline. In the Section 14 we will talk about natural disasters more precisely. Not considering all these factors in construction design may have negative impacts for future operation such as erosion and loss of capacity. road construction and transportation means. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-29 . There can also be flood danger after heavy rain which can erode soil. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 4. solar radiation. To study local evaporation which is one of the important parameter of climate based on scientific methods to desrease water. forecaste and collect data from local meteorological stations.3 Climate Impact Assessment Impact assessment № Negative impacts Conclusion: Extremely dangerous It is no positive and negative impact on climate from the project. precipitation condition and dust etc. road construction and vehicle operations. But the climate conditon might be affect negative to the project operation. Insignificant Low Moderate High 4. Therefore all mentioned measures must be considered and implemented during designing. There can be fire and explosion caused by lightning strikes. construction and utilization. Monitoring parameters Air temperature Precipitation Table 4. To measure climatic parameters in every water supply pipleline construction. Measures to lessen above mentioned probable negative impacts will be considered regarding each environmental part that can be affected directly in detailed way. flood and solar radiation. shortening service life due to dust storm.2. There can be following negative impacts such as breakage of meters and monitoring devices.

there is great influence of dust storm in southern part of Mongolia and wind direction is north and northwest which have strongest affect during spring. Dust level by 12 hour long average measurement. According to data and measurement result done in Oyu Tolgoi deposit in June and July of 2002.5 µm and 10 µm and some heavy metals. But dust content with size of 10 µm is in acceptable level.33 mg/m3 in project and surrounding areas.4 IMPACTS ON AIR QUALITY AND ITS ASSESSMENT 4. section III” Eco trade Company.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Intensity of rainfall Solar radiation Wind speed Soil temperature Wind direction Relative humudity Evaporation mm\hour Hour m\sec Degree % mm/year Lagoon. Fundamental research on air quality of Oyu Tolgoi and surrounding areas was conducted between 2002 and 2004 by Eco Trade LLC. Examination of data over many years by the Mongolian weather service.06 mg/m3. the daily average dust amount is 530 mg/m3 which shows the area is prone to wind erosion and it has preexisting high ambient airborne dust concentrations. Dust concentrations in the air at the Oyu Tolgoi is almost twice more than World Bank Standard and MNS 4585-98 “Air quality standard in urban areas which is equal to 0. it is 0.4. To review the result of the research. 2006).078 mg/m3. nitrogen dioxide (NO2).15 mg/m3 which is due to regional dust storm occurrences (Eco Trade LLC. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-30 . Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Air sample was taken from 21 points of area where project was going to be implemented. and dust with 10 µm is equal to 0. 2006).82 mg/m 3 in the south of portion and it is 1.1 Main indicators of air quality In terms of air quality. The following was identified in the air: sulphur dioxide (SO2). its level is very high especially around road and mining site where the soil is damaged and where drilling is done (please refer to following report for detailed information “Detailed environmental impact assessment report on mining and processing copper and gold at Oyu Tolgoi deposit. collector tank pump station data from the meteorological stations around the proposed area and to measure in the each Daily data evaporation of 4. total dust and amount of consist which are 2. found that there are between 20-30 dust storms a year and dust storms lasts 3-6 hours in average (Natsagdorj. nitrogen dioxide (NO2) which content is lower than pollution size indicated in standard of Mongolia. Atmospheric dust level reaches 0. As for dust. air quality of this area is fresh and it has main quality components of air including are sulphur oxide (SO2). 2002). 2003 and 2004. Environmental Consultants. Mongolia..

It is difficult to make accurate estimation of fine dust and gas emission discharged by vehicles utilized in the process of construction and utilization of facilities in advance.79 38. There can be following potential negative impacts due to above probable conditions: During the construction  Smoke discharged out of vehicles using gravel road and dust created by road traffic in the utilization process water supply pipeline project may have negative impact on air quality. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-31 . Environmental Consultants. It is possible to comply with standard level of toxic gas discharged out of machinery in the case of providing regular technical inspection.7 1.85 Truck type loader 2.4.03 9.16 1.55 30.3.7 2.29 1. Emission Estimate Technique manual for Mining – Version 2.99 1.73 34.73 34.7 4.74 Wheeled dozer 17.5. dust raised by earthwork and these may have negative impacts for air quality of project area and surrounding areas.19 52.16 30..7 14. Mongolia.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Air quality in Oyu Tolgoi surrounding area is relative clean in terms of content of heavy metals and main air pollutants such as NОx. National Pollutant Inventory. Table 4.7 1.  Increased dust in the air due to soil damage after soil removal. 4.53 Mine truck 17.  Changes of precipitation frequency and components caused by gas emission from equipment and vehicles. in spite of that we developed following estimation based on standards estimated according international level.93 30.57 32.7 7.2 Impacts on air quality and its assessment Main potential impacts of Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline project in Gunii Hooloi for air quality of local area include gas emission discharged out of machinery and vehicles.7 4. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.41 1.51 11.5 1.88 9.4 34.31 Wheeled tractor 5.7 3.7 14.7 1. Due to soil removal activity.29 1.85 Source: Environment Australia. maintaining and using qualified diesel fuel.66 6.5 Emission Factors for Diesel Industrial Vehicle Exhaust Emissions (based on engine power) Emission factors (fuel kg/1000L) Equipment type PM10 CO NOx SOx Volatile organic compound Track type tractor 3. Approximate amount of pollution caused by each pollutant source in terms of machinery using diesel fuel is presented in Table 4. SO2 which are related to its long distance from industrial and other pollution sources.35 1.73 1.28 Grader 2. soil surface will be damaged resulting dust increase in the air.58 Scraper 3.58 Wheeled loader 3.27 10. 2001.

and to recover the soil. to provide regular watering. Main probable negative impact can be excessive dust content of atmosphere regarding air quality standard. To take measures to eliminate dust raised Oyu Tolgoi and borefield pipeline project area to protect from its negative impact on health of employees and to reflect the measures in air environment monitoring and analysis program. 25% is included in category of “low” and rest of the impacts or 50% is included in the category “insignificant” based on that we can make conclusion that the project has very little or no negative impact for the project. to coat the road with gravel.6. Mongolia. Environmental Consultants. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. sand and mud in appropriate place not letting them blow in wind to prevent from creating dust in atmosphere.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline During the operation  Smoke discharged out of vehicles using gravel road and dust created by road traffic in the utilization process water supply pipeline project may have negative impact on air quality.. Potential negative impacts for surrounding air quality that may occur during construction and utilization process of Gunii Hooloi water supply pipeline project are consolidated and presented in Table 4. to provide regular maintenance. Table 4. the following steps need to be taken to decrease dust formation: have transportation means use fixed road during construction and utilization process. To use machinery and vehicles checked by technical inspection.    To place construction materials. to close the road which are not utilized. Impacts Insignificant Impact assessment Low Moderate High 4. and machinery whose smoke emission complies with standard level. frequency and content Х of precipitation will change 4 Dust and toxic gas caused by project activities fell down and have negative Х impacts on vegetation cover and soil Conclusion: 25% of all impacts is included in category of moderate.4.6 Air Quality Impact Assessment № 1 Extreme Increased atmospheric dust level due to soil removal and utilization of heavy Х machinery during construction 2 Vehicle emissions discharged out of machinery and equipments used for Х construction which will have impact for air quality 3 Due to increased emission of toxic gas to the atmosphere. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-32 .3  Mitigation measures for the negative impacts on air quality There might be increased dust amount in the atmosphere during construction.

there is also clayey soil. As for topography. Gunii Hooloi is the large valley surrounded by mountains Elegiin Khyar (1320 m). Geographically. Duruljiin Khyar (1126 m) in south that slopes gradually from southwest to north-east. there are large plains divided by dry rubbles and valleys and large areas of low sand dunes (Khemgiin.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 5. and Ukhaa Zagiin etc in relation with their location. 6070% of land surface layer is coated with crumbled rocks. therefore rain water and spring yellow flood water flows through gullies of mountain slopes resulting water linear erosion. Especially Amtgain Toirom. THEIR ASSESSMENT 5. salt marshes and lakes unevenly. central and eastern portion of Gunii Hooloi have quite large saksaul woods and they are named Khemgiin.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOIL SURFACE AND SUBSOIL. which is located in north-eastern portion of Gunii Hooloi.2 km from Khar Zagiin valley to Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold deposit occupying 1030 hectares of land. is the lowest point and is a vast hollow. There are also vast hollows collecting surface water and whose underground water is located close to surface layer. Khar Zagiin. Duutiin toirom is located east of Amtgain toirom where there are several temporary small lakes and salt marshes in the eastern and north eastern sections of Gunii Hooloi. Each area has large saksual wood growing. almond and tamarisk etc.1 Project location and administrative units). elm. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-33 . In addition to commonly found shrub and herbaceous plants of desert and desert steppe. Gurvan Kharaatiin Uul (1264 m) in the northwest . Environmental Consultants.. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Ulaan Ergiin). there are some desert steppe trees like nitraria. Additionally there is strong wind erosion. saxsaul. (Appendix 5. Here brown and grey brown sub types of soils of desert steppe are found. also meadow brown soil is found in surroundings of hollows. Mongolia. Khanbogd (1350 m). and vegetation cover is sparse.1 LOCATION OF OYU TOLGOI WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE PROJECT AND GENERAL INDICATORS Water supply pipeline is located in Gunii Hooloi area of Khanbogd sum which extends 82. Gunii Els.

2 Project area landscape impact assessment). pumping station. Out Tolgoi water supply pipeline facilities will spread in 1030 hectares of land which include bores. and their sizes are presented in table (Appendix 5. preparation and space where construction materials are kept will be carried out within the planned areas.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Photo 2. Environmental Consultants. then put back removed earth. Mongolia. Therefore trenches with different width and length will be excavated to position pipes. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. lift up . The following construction work will be done at Gunii Hooloi portion as it was planned in Ground water resource of Gunii Hooloi and water supply pipeline project:  To dig out trenches for pipelines that connects main pressurized pipeline and ground water bore-holes with water collector tank pump..pumping station and emergency water storage pond and a buried main pressurized pipeline (Appendix 5.2 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF LANDSCAPE AND SUBSOIL Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline construction. consumers). emergency storage lagoon. Pipes with different diameters will be used depending on estimated drainage of water supply pipeline (collector and break pump station. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-34 .3 Main water supply pipeline longitudinal section). Water pipeline will be located below soil depth of frost penetration according to Mongolian standards. Proposed position of water supply pipeline 5.

0 From CTP-4 to CTP-5 DN 900 K9 DICL 907. Emergency water storage will be constructed in the land of 55.4 1.4 6.4 6.06 ha space including pump located inside utilization borehole.162 km.8 31191. Maintenance road design: Total length of road is 67.6516 4.798 hectares. This facility (BPS) will consist of 2.2 1.0 From CTP-3 to CTP-4 DN 800 K9 DICL 806.3 hectares.6 10248. Space of water reservoir and pumping station station reaches 2. width of road will be 5 m resulting in a total disturbance area of 37. The road and power line facilities will be restored following completion of the water supply project  Total area of the water supply pipeline system is summarized and shown in below Table.2 m.09606 1.4 1.3677 0.4 hectares of land and the facility will consist of water reservoir.3 m3.75 1. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.1218 0.844 ha.36674 21. its total volume will be 71.1965 Parameter Types of pipeline Pipeline diameter (mm) Pipe length (m) Width of trench to locate pipeline (m) Area (hectare) Total area (hectare) 0. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-35 .7857~22 ha Collector and break tank pumps and emergency storage lagoon design: The water collecting and pumping stations and its protecting yards will be build occupying 3. Mongolia.3322 1.0 From CTP-2 to CTP-3 DN 700 K9 DICL 704.   Design of bore-hole pumping stations: There will be totally 33 bore-hole pumping stations (BPS) and they will build in one hectare of land. Environmental Consultants.1 General size of water supply pipeline Borehole pump station (BPS) DN 250 K9 DICL 250 81652 Emergency storage lagoon DN 900 K9 DICL 907.. pumping station station and security yards outside of the facility.8 7829.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 5.4 5425.8 4129. Top soil removal alongside the road will be done according to standard to depth of 0.6510 1.0 From emergency storage to Oyu Tolgoi DN 900 K9 DICL 907.0 From CTP-1 to CTP-2 DN 500 K9 DICL 504 3677. their head construction and the security yard with space of 795 m 2 .3 1.8 44261 1.0 1.0 From CTP-5 to BTPS DN 900 K9 DICL 907.

2 m and length of 142.7 km. During construction: Totally 153.. Land of 153.3 71.56 55. emergency water storage and bore pump).78 hectares of land will be excavated for canal to place water supply pipeline and there will be created heap.4 hectares of land will be affected by trench digging for pipeline with soil replaced once the pipeline is laid. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-36 .4 hectares will be destroyed by water supply pipeline construction and pipeline excavation and backfill:      Totally 60. collector tank pump.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 5.7 hectares of land will be used as construction foundation (lagoon. 2008.2 ha will be done and the depth of soil removal will be 0.8 Source: Raw water supply pipeline detailed engineering design report.3 153. In the process of water supply pipeline project. 21.78 Total destroyed area.2 Total area of the water supply system. Many points of area will be damaged little to position power posts and transformers. ha Lagoon area Maintenance road area 2. and also due to concreting. Fluor group Aug. Temporal undirect impact on land to displace soil from digging out channels. Soil removal of land equal to 142400 m3 and 71. hectare Total construction area of CTPS#1~CT PS#5 Total construction area of BTPS#1 Total area of bore pump station Raw water supply pipeline area 21. Mongolia.84 0. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Environmental Consultants. It will be no impact on landscape and subsoil during the operational stage of the water supply pipeline.06 2. Potential negative impacts of water supply pipeline project for soil surface and subsoil are consolidated.

Table 5.    There is a need to do complete recovery work of finished quarries and borrow pits during power line and construction work. Channels and effective drainage should be constructed to maintain the natural flow regime Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.7 км урттай. Environmental Consultants.3.  In the case of closing water supply pipeline. 142400 м3 буюу хөрс Х хуулалттай засвар үйлчилгээний зориулалттай зам тавигдах In the process of water supply pipeline project. Mongolia.7 hectares of land will be used for construction (CTPS emergency storage lagoon. that released earth during digging of channels will cap and dirturb nearby top soil and vegetation cover Х № 1 Extreme 2 3 4 Х Conclusion: 25% of all impacts are included in category of moderate.3 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS FROM THE WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE  Although there is no way to eliminate or decreasing the above mentioned adverse effects. to re-vegetate and improve the areas after construction is over.. Remove the soils which was peel away outer layer of earth during road construction.78 hectares of land will be excavated for canal to place water supply pipeline and there will be created heap. there must be done recovery works according to mine closing plan recovery plan.3 Impact assessment on landscape and subsoil Impact assessment Impacts Insignificant Low Moderate High Totally 60.2 hectares га газарт 142. Х BTS and BPS) of the project. 5. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-37 .Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Potential negative impacts of water supply pipeline landscape and subsoil are summerized in Table 5. Machinery and vehicles will move by the managed roads during construction and operation period. 25% is included in category of “low” and rest of the impacts or 50% is included in the category “high” based on that we can make conclusion that the project has high impact for the project.2 м гүнтэйгээр. there is a need to recover the places where construction activities have been complete and construction materials have been kept. 21. 0. Also. Totally 71. Impact was summarized medium because of it is possible to rehabilitate after the mine closure and magnitude of the impacts were not exceed of defined impact assessment.   To keep natural disposition during water supply pipeline construction.

Such rivers include Kharganatiin Gol. and its width ranges between 0. Gurvan Kharaat Uul. sometimes they flow like a river for certain time period. Mongolia. which are created during rain events and dry up within three weeks. Khanbogd located on the north and south of the Gunii Hooloi caused by heavy rain in summer and autumn creates small salt marshes. Shavagtai. Environmental Consultants. The water is comparatively fresh and it usually always exists except in drought.4-1. As for topography of the valley.3 –6. it slopes gradually from west to east.0 m. Temporary springs occur within the rocky outcrops of Khanbogd. Bayangiin Lake and Zaraa Lake in the north of the area which are permanent. it is located to the west of Khanbogd sum. It occurs for certain time period with certain length. Ukhaa Zagiin Gol. Bayan Sukhain Gol. When the lake water level increases.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER 6. there are a comparatively large number of wetlands including Amtgain and Duutiin Toirom. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-38 . There are also several small salt marshes to the south of the Alagbayan Mountain. In the eastern portion of Gunii Hooloi aquifer area. There is a small lake 35 m in diameter and up 5 m in depth nearby Baga Bulag which collects surrounding water after rain. Khaliviin Khundii . approximately 12 km from the soum center.. A number of permanent springs and temporary flowing streams coming from mountains Kharaat Uul. Shunkhdiin Hooloi. Bayangol. As for Baga Bulag.1 SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER AT PROPOSED AREA FOR WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE There is no constant surface drainage in Gunii Hooloi. All these temporary run offs gathered in Gunii Hooloi and some of them create temporary small lakes and salt marshes. These springs include Ikh and Baga. The biggest spring is Ikh Bulag which flows south east of the Khanbogd soum center at a rate of 1.0 L/s . between Bayan Sukhai and Ukhaa Zagiin River. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Tavan modnii Khundii and Galbyn Gobi. Khalzan Ovoo and Alag Bayan mountains which are usually created during rainy years. Temporary run offs are created after rain and they flow to Gunii Hooloi through larger valleys such as Kharganatiin Hooloi. it extends to Baga Bulag which extends again 6-7 km to Gunii Hooloi where it is dispersed in the valley. Bulag bayangiin Zadgai and Ukhaa Zagiin which flows to north from Khanbogd Mountain.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 6. Baga Bulagiin and Ikh Bulagiin rivers.

The shallow aquifers are used for livestock watering and as potable water by traditional nomadic herders who dig shallow wells to a depth of 1..39 m2. Water quality of these aquifers (chemical contents and mineralization) is variable with mineralization ranging 600-1500 mg/L. Ground water deposit of Gunii Hooloi is hosted by sedimentary formation of Bayanshireet series of Upper Cretaceous Period. Accordingly the total i nferred reserves of the Gunii Hooloi is estimated 69984 m3/days during 25 years of continuous utilization.0. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. gravels. 2004). Most hand dug wells are located within the river sediments (Aquaterra.7. There are three hand dug wells of herders located within the project implementing area and their chemical characteristics are presented in the following table. The area of this deposit is 508. The aquifer is weakly consolidated fine to course grained gravelly sandstones. The aquifer thickness is 120 m. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-39 . Ephemeral creek in the Khaliviin valley 6. Environmental Consultants. Recharge to the shallow aquifers occurs through infiltration of rainfall and through infiltration of temporary runoffs especially within the river sediments.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Photo 3.8m. Ground water reserve of Gunii Hooloi water resource area was estimated by hydrodynamic and industrial С1 methods.2 GROUNDWATER The Gunii Hooloi ground water basin is spread considerably in aeolian deposits of quaternary dry rubbles and shallow groundwater layers. Mongolia. The groundwater aquifer at Gunii Hooloi is mineralized with a concentration of Total Dissolved Salts over 2800 mg/L which shows that the water can not be used as potable water and it can be used for industrial purposes.

. five days or in one case ten days. Australian practice is to only run 48 hour pump test.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 6. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-40 . Mongolia. No Name of well м X Y 1 Ergiin us 659746 4783734 2.1 Wells located along the water supply pipeline project implementing area Location Depth.The data in table below is the most suitable data set to use as it represents the most likely water quality that will be found in practice (Table 6. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.2).Section II”.5 2 Sukhai hudag 670373 4791349 1. the result was included in Detailed environmental impact assessment of Oyu Tolgoi Project. “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi Project Groundwater Resource use from Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regiona l Aquifers”. Each bore was pumped for three days. so it is possible to find more information on details of surface and ground water quality and other information from the report („Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi project . 2006).4 3 Hevtee bor hudag 694175 4808092 The hydrogeological characteristics of Gunii Hooloi surface and ground water investigation was undertaken by Aquaterra Company and Eco-Trade company since 2002. Eco Trade LLC. Environmental Consultants.

3 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER There is no surface constant runoff within Gunii Hooloi ground water reserve area.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 6.05 <0.05 <0.8 6.05 <0.1 2.2000 21.3 4.2000 01.8 6 10 5 6 Hole ID Date samled pH Acidity as CaCO3 mg/L <1 GHW2x3 GHW4x6 GHW5x1 GHW5x1S GHW5x2 GHW6x1 GHW6x2 GHW14x1 GHW14x2 GHW15x1 GHW15x2 GHW15x2S GHW15x4 GHW16x2 21 24 83 240 32 36 55 35 31 32 9.5 2.4 4.05 <0.05 <0.01. Volume 5: Gunii Hooloi Groundwater exploration.8 1.2 Pumping Test Groundwater Quality Gunii Hooloi Aquifer EC µS/cm 1900 2300 4200 12000 4000 2600 3700 3600 2800 4000 1900 1300 4900 7700 EC µS/cm 340 470 990 2400 890 460 860 710 740 700 370 190 820 1400 TDS mg/L 1400 1600 3100 11000 2600 1600 2900 2300 2800 2500 1300 740 3200 5500 TDS mg/L 290 120 140 200 80 110 150 95 110 110 240 240 200 170 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 Acidity as CaCO3 mg/L Total alkali nity mg/L 230 100 120 170 70 90 120 75 90 95 190 200 160 140 Total alkali nity mg/L 2 3 0.1 0.7 7.2000 8.05 <0.6 2.2004 05.05.05 <0.00 5 <0.6 4.02 <0.05 <0.4 Hard ness (CaC O3) mg/L 150 310 990 2400 480 330 470 540 650 430 130 60 640 700 Hard ness (CaC O3) mg/L <0.07.5 4.2000 19.2004 27.04.05 <0.2000 01. Main impacts of water supply pipeline project for surface and ground water of Gunii Hooloi includes crossing of main water supply pipeline and Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.2 8.3 5. Environmental Consultants.3 2.8 1.05 <0. Mongolia.2004 24.2004 13.8 7.05 Na mg/L 410 370 660 2900 680 440 780 540 590 810 420 260 890 1700 Na mg/L K mg/L 1.05 <0.9 3. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-41 . May.3 6.1 Source: Groundwater exploration investigation-Oyu Tolgoi process water supply.3 0.05 <0.3 7.2004 15.13 0.5 1 1.07.7 4.04. and there are many temporary water flows created due to rainfall.1 1.03.5 0.8 7.2004 12.8 7.2004 20.00 5 0.9 4.02.2004 22.05 <0.1 K mg/L Ca mg/ L 26 86 260 550 140 72 96 160 210 120 37 15 190 150 Ca mg/ L Hole ID Date samled pH GHW2x3 GHW4x6 GHW5x1 GHW5x1S GHW5x2 GHW6x1 GHW6x2 GHW14x1 GHW14x2 GHW15x1 GHW15x2 GHW15x2S GHW15x4 GHW16x2 28..03.05.1 1.2004 06.5 3.8 1.1 2.011 <0.8 4.6 2. IMMI.8 4. 2007.9 7.7 8.8 2.04.4 4.4 40 80 330 410 900 440 0 790 6 760 750 100 0 830 280 130 990 190 0 <0.03.02.03. 6.

Mongolia.659 4797888. Also there are three wells located within project implementing area and these well are used by local herders.669 4801525.387 673879.7 1.209 670058.3 Temporal runoff beds crossing water supply pipeline at Gunii Hooloi groundwater reserve Depth.011 4 3.2 Water supply pipeline project may have following negative impacts on surface and groundwater: During the construction:  Construction materials will be washed out by precipitation water and flood.630 682511.5 8 200 20 350 85 150 15 0.317 682183. therefore the water in shallow groundwater layer will be polluted. There will be some risk of potential negative impacts due to using Gunii Hooloi ground water reserves for Oyu Tolgoi gold and copper mining and processing.173 682088.285 4791178.741 4795504. Table 6.324 4802349.75 2 1.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline maintenance road the above mentioned natural temporary run-off beds and their indicators are presented in Error! Reference source not found.468 679174.“Detailed environmental impact assessment report of Oyu Tolgoi project.2 0..6 1 1. Environmental Consultants.  Soil quality changes due to loss of shallow groundwater and the saline water appear in the surface During the operation:  Hand dug wells of herders and vegetation cover fed by temporary surface drainage will be restored after construction. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. section II ”. 2005 There are 3 herders wells in the project area and that is no impact on it from the waper supply pipeline. and these negative impacts are considered in detailed way in the following reports: .878 682838.292 650376.372 4769301.2 1.. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-42 . The water supply pipeline project will not have any impact on these wells.447 4801193. m No X Y Width.215 677082.614 650062.298 4801145.5 3.8 0.115 4799365.994 684463. D etailed environmental impact assessment on the project of using ground water reserves of Galbyn Gobi.007 4770619.471 4802415. m 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 684593.75 1. Gunii Hooloi II ” Eco Trade Company.596 4801359.2 1.5 7 14 6. then the elements in the construction materials will infiltrate through soil.

25% of impacts are included in low. lubricant oil spills and construction materials during the construction stage Х to infiltrate to the soil and to pollute shallow groundwater 2 In the case of breakage of water reservoir there will be loss of internal water and surrounding areas will be Х temporarily submerged in water. 6. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline  In case of collection pump might be break therefore water occurs at the surroundings and loss of ineffective groundwater flow. Table 6. The saline water from the pipeline leak may contaminate soil near the surface 3 Hand dug wells of herders and vegetation covered by temporary surface drainage will be affected Х negatively due to potential change to surface drainage 4 In case of collection pump might be break therefore water occurs at the Х surroundings and loss of ineffective groundwater flow Conclusion: According to the summary of above. Avoid surface water features during installation of the pipeline and pumps stations. Design the pipeline and pumping system to shut down when a leak is detected. Mongolia.6. 75% of all impacts are identified as having moderate.  Prevent spills of hazardous materials. Initiate spill response procedures to ensure immediate clean up and removal of contamination in the event of a spill of hazardous materials. The impact was summarized moderate due to the low probability if it will be done mitigation measures for negative impacts during the construction design and operation stages.. including hydrocarbons. Environmental Consultants.4 MITIGATION MEASURES FORTHE NEGATIVE IMPACTS The following measures must be taken to minimize and prevent from above negative impacts:  To maintain natural surface drainage along the pipeline route through restoration after construction. Potential negative impacts of water supply pipeline project on surface and internal water are consolidated and presented in Table 4. during construction and use of the borefield and pipeline. Regularly inspect the pipeline a pumping facilities for spills or leaks.4 Qualitative Assessment of Impacts on Surface and Groundwater Impact assessment Impacts Insignificant Low Moderate High No 1 Extreme dangerous Potential for contamination from fuel.   Design and locate the septic tank systems for toilet waste water to ensure that groundwater and surface water is protected. Ensure temporary inetruptions to surface drainage that are put in place during construction are removed. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-43 .

. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-44 . Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Mongolia.

Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 7. arid soil condition and sparse vegetation cover. Much of the dessert steppe is eroded greatly resulting in a flat stony surface with sparse vegetation cover and poor moisture holding capacity. and Error! Reference source not found. extreme temperature fluctuation. While collecting soil samples. Six soil subtypes were identified from field surveys which are shown in Appendix 7. Soils which are distributed in Gunii Hooloi groundwater area of Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline project were classified according to type. related field records and location of soil were recorded (please see Error! Reference source not found.). Water erosion also occurs during seasonal short term rain. vegetation cover and field records by soil researcher T. Mongolia. Gobi soil exists under extreme wind erosion. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.Munkhbat in June 2007..1 Soil cover at the project area. 1989) and additional data and materials collected from remote sensing and field research done in September and November 2003 (“Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of the Oyu Tolgoi project Mining and Processing -Section II” prepared by Eco Trade LLC in 2005).5 m during winter months. Soil freezing happens to depth of between 1-1. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-45 . Soils distributed in Gunii Hooloi groundwater area are identified by survey conducted in 1989 (Institute of land policy. soil erosion and low level of biological activity within the surface layers. Soil samples collected during these field surveys and main agrochemical indicators were submitted to the Geographical Laboratory at the Science Academy for identification.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOIL 7.1 SOIL DESCRIPTION OF THE AREA Soil formation processes in Gunii Hooloi is characterized by arid conditions. Environmental Consultants. origin.

l) 1 2 4 5 6 10 11 12 13 14 9 8 3 15 7 10 16 Вс Bc Вс Вс Вс Вс Вс В В Вс Вс Вс Вс С В Вс В Grey brown desert mountain soil 0-6 N 649956.01 8.0 0-8 N 691496. Е 4782975 0-8 N670373.44 0.0 1225.3 8.55 0.0 1180.9 7.0 1048.32 10.0 977. cm Location of field record and sample Elevation.8 6.2 20. E 4768772 0-3 N 650448.6 7. Е 4791349 Saline soil of desert steppe 0-12 N 697288. Е 4473157 Aeolian sand soil 0-12 N 694177. Е 4791349.9 6.6 0.6 6.3 8. Е 4811788 1199.5 3.0 Sandy brown soil of desert steppe 0-10 N 668930.0 1104. E47723166 0-10 N 653295. mg Depth of sample.0 1193. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-46 Potassum.s.9 11. Environmental Consultants. Е 4779446 Light clayey brown soil of desert steppe 0-8 N 670373. Е 4777284 0-18 N 657828. Е 4809220 Brown meadow soil of desert ateppe 0-11 N659953.6 0.6 11.03 5.9 0.04 8.6 16.65 12.3 - 7 10 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.3 7.6 7.0 Са Мg Са+Мg Grey brown soil of desert steppe 3 3а Вс Вс С В В В В В1 В1 0-10 10-15 20-30 0-10 10-18 0-10 10-20 0-10 10-20 8.0 1129.4 16. mg Carbonates Phosphotus..0 1052.03 9. Е 4796559.0 998.1 Soil field records and location of sample Profile № Soil index Sampling depth.03 6.0 0-18 N 679842.0 1166. Mongolia.0 1067.2 8.56 7. м (a.0 1080. E 4789208 0-7 N 665034.3 9. Е 4799811.0 0-7 N 672012.5 0.9 0.23 0.0 957.3 8.6 4.0 1057.0 1067.9 15.5 5. Е 4793784.31 8.2 Main agrochemical parameters of soil Percent Field capacity mg-eq per 100 g dry soil .3 8.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 7. Е 4473262 0-10 N 656965.36 9.6 8.3 Meadow grey brown soil of desert steppe 8.0 1199. Е 4805994.6 8.1 4.9 15.56 0. cm Soil index Profile № Total nitrogen Humus рН Table 7.64 0.0 0-13 N 675081. E 4786975 0-17 N 650915.6 8.8 12.3 4.8 9.1 7.8 7.

6 -8.1. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.2 Light clayey brown soil of desert steppe Plain brown soil of desert steppe was formed unevenly in valleys between low hills and ridges on deluvial carbonate sediment.1. This soil type is intersected by the water supply pipeline route. and its total nitrogen reaches 0. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-47 .56 %. The height of plants reach 30-50 cm.9 or weakly alkaline . but accumulates at the base of vegetation where it reaches 20-30 cm in depth. but next layers of “В” and “Вс” are developed quite well. Environmental Consultants. and its humus is equal to 0. The main difference is that its surface is covered by aeolian sand.1 Grey brown soil of desert steppe This type of soil was formed through low hills and ridges between 1000-1200 m above sea level on solid aeolian rocks in excessive dry. 7.horizon is 17 cm deep and is a faded light brown in color. 7.1.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 7. 7. This type of soil is found in on the west of Hemiin Sand and Gunii Sand in Gunii Hooloi area. This soil type is found about 10 cm below the aeolian sand layer.3 Sandy brown soil of desert steppe The origin of this soil is similar to the light brown soil of desert steppe. The surface layer of such soil is covered with 2-3 cm depth of aeolean sand due to wind deposition.4 Aeolian sands Wind deposited sand is found around Hemgiin Sand. its structure consists of friable particles. There is almost no humus layer for light brown soil of desert steppe. Guniin Sand and Har Zagiin Hooloin Sand and within the surrounding saxsaul wood . The surface soil cover includes “A” horizon or humus layer. arid environment. soil medium is рН 8. A review of field records of this type indicates a rocky surface layer of soil with low humus content. there are no plant roots.. heavy clayey soil consisting of heavy large particles. reaumuria.03 %. and many meters of layers with gravel continue at depth. Zygophyllum and Ceratoides . damp. the ВС0. at a density of 20-30% of surface cover. arid environment it is used only for seasonal pastureland purposes. Generally this type of soil was created in excessive dry. The common plants found here include Passerina.1. and it is a light clayey soil. The B/C horizon grades to the C horizon immediately. the surface of soil is quite even and sand cover is 5-10 cm thick. At С-17-44 cm the horizon is reddish. Mongolia. and is burned and bubbles when in contact with dilute hydrochloric acid such reddish layer continues with depth.

depressions by rain water in summer and by melted snow in winter. The absorption capacity of 100 g soil is 11. CaCl2. 21. Na2SO4) are accumulated greatly in one of the layers of saline soil. no plant root.55 %. and soil medium is рН 7. Also salty underground water is located close to surface layer which is one of the conditions to create saline soil.5 cm thick. it is heavy and clayey. This saline soil medium is pН 9. no plant roots.8 mg-equivalent.64 -0. CTP.4 hectares used for facilities of pumping stations (BPS. In terms of mechanical characteristics of the soil or fibre component.03 %. The soil was created on deluvial carbonate sediments with well developed micro surface on 950-970 m above sea level. accordingly it creates light colored coat. 7. light clayey soil with large particles. The humus content of В layer is 0. Soil disturbance is related to construction and erection work of the water supply pipeline project and includes: ground Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. solid. Surface layer of the soil is saline and moderately alkaline. Composition of mountain rocks in the soil and wind influence play important role for formation of soil. NaCl. Light yellowish. This indicates a high carbonate salt content.1. В1 -2. large.6 Saline grey brown soil of desert steppe This type of soil is found further from Khar Zag.9-8. and A total of 153. clayey . 7. and it is formed in the low lying places and damp areas. on surface of valleys and depression of low hills and ridges. reinforced particles. the horizon graduated to the B 2 horizon with color change.6 or weakly alkaline. and its grey brown color is distinguished from the underlying light brown soil. on sandy alluvial sediments .8 hectares of land will be affected. furthermore it creates crystalline compounds on the surface of soil.3 hectares of land for the emeгgency storage lagoon.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 7.1. BTPS)..7 hectares of land will be used for water supply pipeline.2 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOIL COVER The total area of disturbed soils from project construction and use includes: o o o 3.0. The humus layer of the A horizon is not distinguished well because of great amount of content of NaCl.5-10 cm В2 -10-23 cm Faded light brown color. Compounds of soluble salts (NaHCO 3. including roads and power lines and including 71. at 1080-957 m above the sea level . Environmental Consultants.0 -11. Mongolia. no clear color changing between horizons. 55. damp. The main condition of saline soil formation is related to dissolution of easily soluble salt of surface layer in valleys.5 Meadow grey brown soil of desert steppe This type of soil is found alongside the Gunii river shingles within the Gunii Hooloi area. Surface layer of soil is 1-2...3 hectares of land for maintenance road. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-48 . moderately alkaline. total nitrogen is 0.

Temporary disturbed areas and the pipeline trench will have top soil replaced immediately following construction or progressively along the pipeline route. movement of vehicles.2 Total area of water supply pipeline system.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline preparation..  Potential for contamination from fuel. During water supply pipeline construction. (Table 5. ha). Mongolia. soil stripping. Environmental Consultants. temporary storage of construction materials. 21.7 ha land will be destroyed (collection tank pump. All work sites will involve top soil removal and storage prior to construction or excavation. surface soil will be disturbed by construction of buildings foundations.7 km and depth of 0. emergency storage lagoon and bore-hole pump etc. lubricant oil spills and loss of toxic chemicals to the soil and contamination of soil from these materials.  Penetration of fuel. It is no impact of desertification for the project area caused by soil removal and destroyed vegetation cover during the construction stage because of rehabilitation will be done on time. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-49 . construction.2 ha land will be used for a maintanence road with length of 142. lubricant oil spills and construction materials washed by precipitaiton and flood water during the construction stage then it may be infiltrate to the soil and to pollute shallow groundwater During the operation stage:  Soil damage and degredation of plants due to gas emissions from the movement of machinery on the maintenance road. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.2 m and soil will be removed of 142400 m3. excavation.  Total 71.) by construction of the project. Following negative impacts are probable to occur during construction and operation stages of the water supply pipleline project: During the construction stage:  Total 60. break tank pump.78 hectares of land will be excavated for canal to place water supply pipeline and there will be created heap. and.  Soil erosion and destruction will occur caused by soil removal and vehivle transportaion.  In the process of water supply pipeline project. roads and storing construction materials will be done in preliminary site.

3 In the process of water supply pipeline project..7 km will occupy 71.78 hectares of land will be excavated for canal to place water supply pipeline and there will be created heap 4 Soil damage and degredation due to soil removal and movement of machinery 5 Leakage of fuel.300mm depending on soil type   Re-vegetate and stabilize restored soils as soon as possible following construction.  Top soil will be removed from areas prior to construction or trenching for those soil types where there is valuable humus layer (A horizon) or seed store in surface layers of the soil.3. with soil recovery being completed progressively throughout the project construction period. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-50 . moderate and high because of it is no mitigation meausures for soil degradation.2 m.7 ha of land leading to damage and degredation of soil 2 The construction of the main road. to a depth of 100 . soil removal. which were washed by flood waters during the construction stage. Mongolia.2 3 ha of land and 142400 м of topsoil will be removed to a depth of 0. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. 21. Take regular measures to suppress wind blown dust during construction work including design of top soil stockpiles and addition of water to working areas. storage and replacement in restoration must be completed according to design. lubricants and toxic chemical elements.1  Mitigation measures for the negative impacts It is inevitable to remove soil surface ( and impact vegetation cover) for the construction and use of the water supply facilities. It is possible to define summary of impact is moderate to rehabilitate well of the soil degradation on time. where relevant. their penetration into the soil and polluting the soil 6 Potential contamination of surface water and soil from construction materials.3 Impact Assessment of Soil Impact assessment Impacts 1 Destruction of vegetation cover and soil removal totally in 60. Surface soils will be removed. with a length of 142.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Soil cover negative impact assessment is summerized in Table 7. 7 Soil and vegetation cover pollute from gas emission of machine and vehicle tranportation on the maintenance Conclusion: Insignifica nt Minor Moder ate High Extreme dangero us № Х Х Х Х Х Х Х It is certain that soil degradation will occur in water supply pipeline construction site and impacts are defined low.2. Environmental Consultants. However. 7. Table 7.

installation of pipe.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline  Light brown desert soils are prone to water erosion due to flood and heavy rain. Lay sand bedding and compact. shall be of sand or sieved soil and installed to not less than 20 cm above the top of pipe. Vegetation research along the water supply pipeline route and at the bore field infrastructure at Gunii Hooloi was conducted by botanist J. and backfilling:      Removal of 10 cm of topsoil with relevant earthmoving equipment and stockpile separately. Environmental Consultants. covering the sides and top of the pipe. Sanjid in 2005 and by botanist A. 63 plant species belonging to 19 families and 47 genres were recorded. The following procedures shall be followed by excavation. Grade the trench bottom and verify that elevation and slope meets design requirements handwork and small compaction equipment may be required.06). Drainage design will incorporate water erosion control measures in the design phase of the project.1 CURRENT CONDITION OF VEGETATION COVER The Gunii Hooloi project area is located within the desert steppe zone of Dornogobi region according to the Mongolian bio-geotropical regionalization and in terms of genre composition. Tsolmon in 2007. and Replace the topsoil layer to at least a depth of 10 cm and grade. According to this research. Three species are endemic plants to the Dornogobi desert steppe region (N. issued in 1995) plants belonging to 3 families and 4 types are included in rare species of plants of Mongolia (attachment to Mongolian law on Natural plants 1995.1984) and plants belonging 2 families and 2 genres (attachment to Government resolution 153. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-51 . Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.   Backfilling shall be made with equipment with compaction and grading place in layers.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON FLORA 8. Pipe zone material. it is not widespread compared to other zones of this region. Revegetation may be required by environmental stipulations. The zone is located on the boundary of Mongolian steppe and Central Asian desert. and its compacted density shall be not less than 1.. Mongolia.65 g/cm3 or 95% Modified Proctor. mostly steppe and dessert elements are represented within the vegetation zone. 8. Install pipeline and hydro test. Ulziikhutag. correct if necessary. therefore.

13 species of chenopods ( Chenopodiaceae). 13 species of chenopods ( Chenopodiaceae). 5 species of the Asteraceae family and 5 species of the Zygophyllaceae family..Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Vegetation is represented by 8 species belonging to the Poaceae family. Mongolia. The flora of the Gunii Hooloi project area has been classified as the Dornogobi semi-desert zone of the mongolian vegetation-geographic zones and vegetation species and communities are identified relatively sparse. 7 species of legumes ( Fabaceae). 5 species of the Asteraceae family and 5 species of the Zygophyllaceae family.1 Detailed list of vegetation composition at Gunii Hooloi borefield and pipeline № Latin name Mongolian name 1 Achnatherum splendens Gyalgar ders 2 Agropyron cristatum Saman hiag 3 Cleistogenes songorica Zuungariin hazaar uvs 4 Enneopogon borealis Umardiin ogotnii suul 5 Eragrostis minor Baga hurgalj 6 Ptilagrostis pelliotii Pellitiin shivelz 7 Stipa glareosa Sairiin hyalgana 8 Stipa gobica Goviin hyalgana 2 Cyperaceae Ulalj 9 Carex duriuscula Shireg ulalj 3 Liliaceae Saraana 10 Allium mongolicum Khumul 11 Allium polyrrhizum Taana 12 Asparagus gobicus Goviin hereen nud 13 Asparagus trichophyllus Usleg navchit hereen nud 4 Iridaceae Tsakhildag 14 Iris bungei Bungiin tsahildag 15 Iris lactea Tsagaalin tsahildag 16 Iris octopetala 5 Ulmaceae Khailas 17 Ulmus pumila Odoi khailas 6 Polygonaceae Tarna 18 Rheum nanum Namkhan gishuune 7 Chenopodiaceae Luuli 19 Anabasis brevifolia Akhar navchit bagluur 20 Bassia dasyphylla Uslig manan khamkhag 21 Chenopodium album Tsagaan luuli 22 Chenopodium glaucum Khuh nogoon luuli 23 Kalidium foliatum Navchirkhag badargana 24 Kalidium gracile Goolig badargana 25 Kochia krylovii Kriloviin togtorgono 26 Eurotia ceratoides Orog teseg 27 Micropeplis arachnoidea Aalznii khush uvs 28 Salsola arbuscula Modlig budargana 29 Salsola passerine Bor budargana 30 Salsola laricifolia Shineserkhuu budargana 31 Sympegma regelii Regeliin shar mod 8 Brassicaceae Toonoljin tsetsegten 32 Dontostemon senilis Utluun bagdai Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Environmental Consultants. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-52 . 7 species of legumes ( Fabaceae). Vegetation is represented by 8 species belonging to the Poaceae family. Table 8. The area is boundary of mongolian steppe and Gobi Central Asia therefore desert vegetation features are dominated.

Mongolia. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. 1996. 4779446 Е 650915.I.I “ Определитель сосудистых растений Монголии” 1982. 2002. 4773157 Е 644995. 1989. N.Ulziihutag “General fauna of Mongolia ” UB.. Gubanov. Grubov V.2 List of Endemic plants Mongolian name Suuten Kozloviin suut uvs Terguulegch tsetsegten Mongol builees Mongol khulan khoirgo Buurtsagtan Khoirog khargana Location (UTM) 644995.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 33 9 34 35 36 37 10 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 11 45 46 47 48 49 12 50 13 51 14 52 15 53 16 54 17 55 56 18 57 58 19 59 60 61 62 63 Ptilotrichum canescens Rosaceae Amygdalus pedunculata Amygdalus mongolica Potaninia mongolica Potentilla sp Fabaceae Astragalus pavlovii Astragalus variabilis Caragana brachypoda Caragana leucophloea Guldenstaedtia monophylla Oxytropis aciphylla Oxytropis glabra Zygophyllaceae Peganum nigellastrum Zygophyllum pterocarpum Zygophyllum xanthoxylon Nitraria sibirica Nitraria sphaerocarpa Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia kozlovii Tamaricaceae Reaumuria soongorica Plumbaginaceae Limonium aureum Asplediaceae Vincetoxicum lanceolatum Convolvulaceae Convolvulus ammanii Boraginaceae Arnebia fimbriata Arnebia guttata Lamiaceae Lagochillus ilicifolius Panzeria lanata Asteraceae Ajania achelleoides Cancrinia discoidea Echinops gmelinii Scorzonera divaricata Scorzonera pseudodivaricata Buuralduu yangits Terguulegch tsetsegten Bariult builees Mongol builees Mongol khulan khoirgo Gichgene Buurtsagtan Pavloviin khunchir Khuvisamtgai khunchir Khoirog khargana Altan khargana Gants navchit saljir Urgust ortuuz Nutsgen ortuuz Khotir Kharlag umhii uvs Zeeriin und Shar khotir Sibir kharmag Arzgar urt kharmag Suuten Kozloviin suut uvs Sukhain ovog Zuungariin butargana Khorgoljin Altan bermeg Yerunduuo Yulden yerundgunu Sedergene Ammanii sedergene Notsorgono Tsatsagt bereemeg Tolbot bereemeg Uruul tsetsegten Yamaan angalzuur Uskhii nokhoin khel Niilmel tsetsegten Tulugchduu borolz Altan tovch Gmelinii taijiin jins Derevgerkhaviskhana Khuuramch derevger khaviskhana Note: Based on vegetation field survey materials in June. 2007. Environmental Consultants. 4768772 Е Source: D. 4768772 Е 657828. № 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 Latin name Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia kozlovii Rosaceae Amygdalus mongolica Potaninia mongolica Fabaceae Caragana brachypoda Table 8.A “Конспект флоры внешней Монголии” М. Bumjaa “Fauna and vegetation of Mongolia”. Page-53 .

4773709 Е Rosaceae Terguulegch tsetsegten Potaninia mongolica Mongol khulan khoirog 650915 N..4 List of Plants included in list of very rare plants of Monglolia Latin name Mongolia name Location Boraginaceae Notsorgono Arnebia guttata Tolbot bereemeg 644995 N. June 1995.3 List of plants included in list of rare plants of Mongolia Latin name Mongolian name Location Rosaceae Terguulegch tsetsegten Amygdalus mongolica Mongol builees 657828 И 4779446 Е Asplediaceae Yerundgunu Vincetoxicum lanceolatum Yulden yerundgunu 650448 И 4772366 Е Source: Attachment of government resolution 153 in issued in 1995 № 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 Table 8. 4773157 Е Source: Attachment to Mongolian Law on Natural plants. 4768772 Е Fabaceae Buurtsagtan Caragana brachypoda Khoirog khargana 644995 N.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline № 1 1 2 2 Table 8. Mongolia. 4768772 Е Guldenstaedtia monophylla Gants navchit saljir 655199 N. Environmental Consultants. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-54 .

Carex duriuscula and annual herbaceeous species (Appendice 8. I.glareosa. Mongolia. S. .lactea. The flora is represented by mostly drought resistant shrubby perennial plants are sparsely distributed due to a very low mean annual precipitation (100-150 mm) and high temperature fluctuation (-20-28oC). Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.Potaninia mongolica. I. Nitraria sibirica and herbaceous plants like Stipa gobica. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-55 .1 Vegetation of water supply pipeline project area This region is located on the boundary of dessert and desert steppe in terms of vegetation and it is located 1000-1500 above sea level (ASL) (Appendice 8. Environmental Consultants..Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 8. These desert meadows contain unusual vegetation composition including Iris bungei.1 Project area vegetaion). Shrubby plants Salsola passerine.2Rare and very rare plants location at the project area). There are large clayey playa and salt marsh where water is collected and evaporated during rainy years.octopetala.1. desert steppe and on open plains. Cleistogenes soongorica are mostly found in low hills of dessert.

Anabsis 644995 N 1198 Low hills and low ridges brevifalia 4768772 Е 650448 N anabsis brevifalia .Gobica stipa 4778508 Е hills 657828 N Almond-spine saltwort 1166 Low hills 4779446 Е Low mountains. low ridge Saltwort passerine . low ridge Saltwort passerine-Anabsis 679842 N 1052 and even valleys between Brevifalia 4799811 E hills Low mountains.5 Vegetation Classification of Water Supply Pipeline Project Elevation. Mongolia.nitraria sibirica 977 Sandy valley 4809320 E 697288 N Saksual-nitraria .Zygophyllum 693958 N 977 Low hills xanthoxylon 4811183 E Source : It was based on material of vegetation field survey made in June 2007. low ridge 675081 N Reaumuria .Anabsis 655199 N 1188 and even valleys between brevifalia 4773709 Е hills 656965 N Ceratoides pappasa 1181 Low hills 4777284 Е Low mountains.Saltwort passerina 1048 and even valleys between 4796559 E hills Low mountains. low ridge Ceratoides pappasa . Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.Gobica stipa 1225 Low hills and low ridges 4772366 Е Low mountains. low ridge 657423 N 1166 and even valleys between Anabsis brevifalia .Cleistogenes692297 N 999 Dry pubble Feather grass 4807049 E Spine saltwort .Reaumuria 957 Sandy valley 4811788 E Low mountains. low ridge 681974 N 1055 and even valleys between Anabsis brevifalia . saltwort 691496 N 998 and even valleys between passerina 4805994 E hills 694909 N Saksual .Anabsis 653295 N 1193 Low hills brevifalia 4773262 Е Low mountains.Gobica stipa 4801185 E hills Anabsis brevifalia .Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Records № 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Table 8. low ridge Anabsis brevifalia. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-56 . low ridge nitraria sibirica-anabsis brevifalia 699468 N 1134 and even valleys between -mongolica potaninia 4782420 Е hills 659453 N Reaumuria-Nitraria sibirica 1129 Valley between low hills 4782975 Е 665037 N Ceratoides pappasa-gobica stipa 1104 Valley between low hills 4786975 E 668930 N Ceratoides pappasa-zygophyllum 1080 Valley between low hills xanthoxylon 4789208 E 670373 N Nitraria sibirica 1067 Dry pubble 4791349 E 672012 N Nitraria sibirica-Reaumuria 1057 Valley between low hills 4793784 E Low mountains..Mongolica 650915N 1199 and even valleys between potaninia 4773157 Е hills Saltwort passerine . Environmental Consultants. Location Zone Name of association m ( ASL) Brown saltwort .

Zygophyllum xanthoxylon. alongside the river bed and within the river 8.arbuscula. plain valleys and ridges) Most of the Gunii Hooloi water pipeline project is located in a broad valley with regular desert steppe vegetation. Anabasis brevifolia. Also stunted elms. S. Salsola passerine. Nitraria sibirica and Zygophyllium xanthoxylon occur on the low depositional dunes and form a sparse saxsaul grove at the north eastern extent of the Gunii Hooloi water supply area 8.1. The main associations include: Salsolo passerinae-Nitrarietum sibiricae Anabasis brevifolia-Salsola passerine 8. Kalidium foliatum. S.. Reaumuria soongarica.association 8. removal of soil with vegetation cover and creation of dust due Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.mongolica.6 Vegetation on depositional sands (Saxsaul wood) Haloxylon ammodendron. Reaumuria soongarica.gracile.1.1. Achnatherum splendens.passerine.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 8. Potaninia mongolica. The major associations include: Reaumuria soongarica Stipa-Anabasetum brevifoliae -Reaumuria sub association -Stipa.5 Ephemeral creeks and saline marshes The river beds and saline marshes that form in the drainage discharge zones supports a higher vegetation cover than other areas in Gunii Hooloi. Zygophyllum xanthoxylon.2 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON VEGETATION COVER There will be negative impacts for vegetation cover due to the excavation of land for pipelines.3 Desert steppe Sympegma Commonly found plants of the dry dessert peneplain associations include regellii. A. Ptilagrostis pelliotii.1. Mongolia. Nitraria sibirica occur along the drainage zones. movement of Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-57 . Reaumuria soongarica.anabasis association Potaninia mongolica-Nitraria sibirica. K.4 Low hills Amygdalus pedunculata. Salsola laricifolia. Salsola passerine and Nitraria sibirica etc are found here. Ephedra Przewalskii occur on low hills and low ridges forming 8. Common plants including Anabasis brevifolia. Ulmus pumila occur sediments.1. Anabasis brevifolia.2 Desert peneplain (Vegetation cover of low hills. Environmental Consultants. Reaumuria soongarica. Sympegma regelii. Plant density on average is 20-25 individuals within a 10х10m2 area.

63 species of plants belonging to 19 families and 47 genre were recorded at the project area. Dust and soil trampling will be created due to machinery and equipments used for construction. issued in 1995). Mongolia..1984) and plants belonging 2 families and 2 genres (attachment to Government resolution 153.6552 hectares of land will be trampled and damaged due to project activities. Accordingly. pumps and ponds may result in vegetation impacts where species are susceptible to saline water.06). Page-58 .6 Impact Assessment of Fauna Нөлөөллийн үр дагаврын үнэлгээ Extreme Impacts Lo Moderat Hig Insignificant dangerou w e h s It is inevitable to destroy vegetation cover Х Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC № 1 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. . the negative impacts on vegetation cover of the water supply pipeline and borefield infrastructure project area are summarized as: During the construction stage:      Vegetation cover of 154. Vegetation disturbance will occur over an area of 54.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline machinery and construction work etc.74 hectares due to construction activities of land and vegetation cover of 2. Environmental Consultants. therefore it will affect to increase dust content in the air quality. Three species are endemic plants of Dornogobi desert steppe region (N.8 hectares of land will be disturbed construction of the water supply pipeline. in the process of During the operation stage:    Potential for dust may increase from the equipment and vehicles gas emission from equipment and vehicle Gaseous emission from the machines and vehicles impacting on vegetation cover Potential negative impact on vegetation and environment from infrastructure development along the modification road. Table 8. Indirect negative impacts on vegetation may occur due to soils becoming prone to degradation and wind erosion after restoration of the water supply infrastructure. Ulziikhutag. Plants of Mongolia considered to be rare or very rare may be impacted due to construction activity. Leaks and spills of saline water from the water pipeline. Dust impacts on vegetation adjacent to the construction area and access road may occur Dust emission increase on air and it impacts negative on vegetation undirectly. and plants belonging to 3 families and 4 types are included in rare species of plants of Mongolia (attachment to Mongolian law on Natural plants 1995.

Environmental Consultants. furthermore it will have negative influence of flora and fauna of the area 8 Development of infrastructure alongside road with purpose of service and repair Х will affect back environmental condition and vegetation cover negatively Conclusion: It is inevitable to destroy vegetation cover of 154.8 hectares of land in the process of construction of water supply pipeline 2 Dust and soil trampling will be created due to machinery and equipments used Х for construction. Implement environmental management controls and training during construction and operation to prevent vehicle access off dedicated roads or away from the immediate construction areas. After project is closed there can be done some land rehabilitation work so the negative impact can be included in the category of “medium”. Mongolia. therefore it will affect to increase dust content in the air quality 3 Plants of Mongolia considered to be rare or extinct will grow scarce and Х furthermore disappear 4 Soil becomes prone to damage as Х vegetation cover is destroyed 5 Dust emission increase on air and it Х impacts negative on vegetation undirectly 6 Dust and soil trampling will be created due to machinery and equipments used Х for construction.8 hectares of land in the area of water supply pipeline project.  Species listed as having conservation significance. The pipeline trench will be progressively revegetated using species that occurred prior to the excavation. but if we can take measures to prevent from other negative impacts. the probability of impact will be medium and it will not exceed determined amount. 8..    Dust suppression will occur during construction and operation of the borefiled infrastructure. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-59 . therefore it will affect to increase dust content in the air 7 Toxic gas caused by smoke of machinery and equipments will fell down on vegetation cover through precipitation or Х like a solid dust.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline of 154.3 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS  Vegetation impacts will be minimized by re-vegetating disturbed lands as soon as possible following construction activities. including listed rare and very rare. Prevention of negative impact on air quality and minimize and mitigation measures for the the negative impacts include and air quality control. relocation/replanting will be attempted or new plants of the same species will be established adjacent to the disturbance area to mitigate the loss of individual plants. will be identified and marked along the pipeline route and borefiled area and will be avoided by construction activities. Where these species cannot be avoided. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.

1500 gazelle. The use of habitat at Gunii Hooloi is seasonally dependent and varies according to the condition of pasture. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 9. The animals habit in this area such as wild ass – khulan (Equus hemionus) and gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) are included in list of threatened animals in Mongolia and recorded in red data book. 33 species of mammals.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON FAUNA 9. Also there had been studies conducted on fauna distribution in the area and its surroundings in 1970-2001. The Gunii Hooloi area supports approximately 3000 khulan (Asiatic wild ass). Photo 4. These species migrate over long distances looking for pasture land and water. 2005 and Environmental baseline research of Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi region and their attachments. 130 species of birds.Section II”. over 10 species of reptiles. and about 100 species of insects and spiders. Khulans at the project area during the fauna field survey Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.1 FAUNA OF PROJECT AREA Eco -Trade company experts conducted fauna research in the area of Gunii Hooloi where the project will be implemented during 2002 and 2003. Please refer to following reports for detailed information: “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi project . Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-60 .. According to the Project fauna study and other prior research on fauna. Mongolia. “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi Project Groundwater Resource Use from the Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquifers ” prepared by Eco Trade LLC.

commercial and Х included in Red data book Conclusion: Two third of all impacts are included in the category “medium” so overall. commercial and included in Red data book Probable negative impacts of construction and utilization of water supply pipeline project for local fauna is consolidated and shown in Table 9.. There is possibility to lessen these impacts by implementing measures to lessen impacts well.2 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS There is a need to take following measures to lessen and to prevent from above mentioned negative impacts:  To cooperate with local administration. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. and due to dust created by earthwork.1. and their habitat will be disturbed 3 Increased poaching of animal species which are extinct. environmental office and specialists to protect regional biodiversity and to provide assistance and support of local and regional wildlife conservation programs. local animals may flee and their habitat will be disturbed. we can make conclusion that impacts of water supply pipeline project for fauna is medium . local animals may flee and their habitat will be disturbed 2 Due to noise created during utilization of road and water supply pipeline machinery and equipments.1 Impact Assessment of Fauna Impact assessment № Impacts Insignifica nt Low Moder ate High Extreme dangero us 1 Due to noise created by transportation movement in the process of water supply pipeline construction and Х utilization. Environmental Consultants. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-61 .Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Following impacts on fauna may occur during construction and operation of the Oyu Tolgoi raw water supply pipeline project:  Due to noise created by transportation movement in the process of water supply pipeline construction and utilization and due to dust created by earthwork. and their habitat will be disturbed. animals Х may flee. Table 9. animals may flee.  Increased poaching of animal species which are extinct.  Due to noise created during utilization of road and water supply pipeline machinery and equipments. Mongolia. 9.

.  Ensure that construction and operational employees and contractors are aware of the need to protect wildlife and ensure that no hunting occurs by employees or contractors working on the project. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-62 .Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline  Identify significant habitat areas. Mongolia. Environmental Consultants. including surface water springs. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. and ensure that these areas are avoided and protected during construction and operation wherever possible.  To consider migration of wildlife during the construction and design phase through ensuring that temporary fences are removed and barriers for wildlife are avoided along roads and the pipeline route.

Mongolia. The construction and operation phase of the water supply pipeline project will not have any significant impact noise or vibration impact on local residents at Khanbogd soum which is located approximately 5 km from the water supply project. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-63 . Overall.1 Impact assessment We consolidated the above mentioned impacts and it is shown in Table 10.0 PHYSICAL POLLUTION TO THE ENVIRONMENT IN TERMS OF WATER SUPPLY PIPELINE PROJECT Physical pollution to the environment includes electro magnetic radiation. There will be noise and vibration created in the process of equipment and machinery operation which may have a negative impact on the health of employees if protective measures are not employed. 10. noise and vibration from activities associated with the construction and use of the borefiled pipeline and water supply infrastructure. Herder families located at Gunii Hooloi may be exposed to noise and vibration from construction and operational use of the water supply project if there are herder camps located within 2 km of the project area. The closest populated area is center of Khanbogd soum and Oyu Tolgoi Project settlement. Blasting of hard rock for pipeline construction may result in vibration and air blast overpressure exposure for those herder families at Gunii Hooloi. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. there is little impact in terms of noise and vibration for environment during water supply pipeline construction and utilization. Environmental Consultants.1 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NOISE AND VIBRATION CONDITION There is no object that makes production noise and vibration in Oyu Tolgoi project and surrounding areas..Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 10. 10.1.1.

1 Impact Assessment of Noise and Vibration Impact consequence assessment № Impacts Extreme Insignifica Moder Low High dangero nt ate us 1 Noise created during the construction and utilization of water Х supply pipeline project 2 Noise created very lowly during the Х construction Conclusion: 50% of above mentioned impacts are included in the category “ very little or no impact” and rest of the impacts are included in the category “ little” . Environmental Consultants..Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 10. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-64 .2 Mitigation measures for the negative impacts    Ensure employees working for 8 hours in conditions where noise exceeds 85 Dba use appropriate hearing protection. Mongolia. To consider that ears without ear protection can receive at maximum 140 Dba of sudden and temporal noise level. To propose minimized noise level without ear protection in the design stage of the project.1. 10. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.

Hunnu broken pot.4 E 4785595 11.1 Mitigation measures for the negative impacts It is necessary to study detailed archeological survey by professional organization before the water supply pipeline construction stage because of the project area is relatively wide.4 E 4785402 Hunnu burial N 673118 6. Environmental Consultants..1.8-6.1 Arhceological memorials location around the project area в).4 km away from water supply pipeline project influence zone. Mongolia.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE The archeological research center at Science Academy conducted archeological research in water supply pipeline project implementing area and surrounding areas in 2006 according related provisions of Mongolian Law on “ Cultural Heritage” (Appendix 11.8 E 4783974 Balbal N 673003 6.1 List of archeological memorials Location Distance to project Name of memorial (WGS84 UTM 48 implementing zone. Archeological research center.1. burials and remaining Hunnu nomadic settlement were found nearby water supply pipeline project implementing area (Source: Archeological research on the area of water supply pipeline. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-65 . By this archeology research. so project activity will not have any impact on above finds. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. The location of these historical and cultural memorials and finds are shown in Table 11.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 11. 2006. No 1 2 3 Table 11. zone) km Hunnu settlement N 664188 1. Science Academy) Historical and cultural memorials and finds are located 1.

38 thousand. but increase of exploitation and sales of useful minerals. Ovorkhangai. long term residents.9 percent as compared to the previous year. Dundgobi aimags to the north.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 12.1 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE UMNUGOBI PROVINCE Umnugobi province is located 600 km from Ulaanbaatar in southern Mongolia covering an area of 165. 12. Umnugobi aimag borders with Bayankhongor aimag to the west and northwest. 47299 individuals. social condition Total settled population of the aimag has reached 35038 individuals of 6962 families as of 2007 indicating increase in the population by 957 individuals and 423 families. Infant mortality case was 20 or 21. Main economic resource of Umnugobi aimag is from livestock is raising. Environmental Consultants. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-66 .1. 12261 of them are herders of 6258 families. especially coal export in recent years increased income of the aimag and started paying higher income to state budget.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON SOCIO-ECONOMICS 12.Mar.1931 with 27 sums by directive of Baga Khural Heads of People’s Republic of Mongolia .. aimag center.1 Population.3 per 1000 live births showing decrease in mortality by 9 percent.6 percent is urban population. Income of 10064 individuals of 2490 families is under poverty line showing that population having income under poverty line is decreased by 2539 individuals of 109 families. The province was first established in 21. of 13220 families are living in 53 bahg. 939 babies were born and 262 individuals were died in 2007 indicating increase in birth by 18. Mongolia. 68.9 percent and decrease in mortality by 1. 15176 individuals of 4465 families live in Dalanzadgad.km2. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Dornogobi aimag to the east and 700 km with People’s Republic of China to the south.4 percent of total population is herders and the remaining 31. 15 soums in Umnugobi aimag as of 2007.

Number of the people infected by hepatitis is 636 or 86.7 percent in Umnugobi aimag. in Umnugobi aimag Figure above shows that total numbers of infected people in 2001-2005 were gradually decreased from 518 to 74 by 85.1 Birth. especially infected by hepatitis..2 percent of total infected individuals. Figure 12.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Source: “Statistical bulletin Dec. Source: “Introduction on socio-economic state of Umnugobi aimag”.2).2 Number of the infected people. Environmental Consultants. (Figure 9. National Statistics Office of Mongolia Figure 12. Mongolia. 2008. But it increased sharply from 74 to 738 by 90 percent in 2006-2007 and number of the people infected with hepatitis Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. March 19. mortality and net growth of population of Umnugobi aimag (2004-2007) Sharp increase in the number of infected people is observed reaching 738 in 2007 throughout Umnugobi aimag by 546 individuals or 74 percent. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-67 .2007”.

2008 Figure 12. while it has a sharp increase reaching 636 by 91.1 thousands of them are for state service. 3 in mining. 13 hotels and restaurants. Mongolia. 1508 pupils enrolled to 1 st grade and 881 pupils started 9 th grade in the same year.3 Educational level of the registered unemployed people of Umnugobi aimag Total investment has reached 10347 million tugriks in 2007 in Umnugobi aimag has increased by 64. defence. Educational level structure of registered-unemployed individuals is composed of 45 with higher education. storage and communication. 63. 50 in health and social aid services and 98 organizations in other services to the society and individuals. 18 with vocational training education. 571 enterprises and companies are operating throughout the aimag in following sectors: 20 in agriculture.9 percent is males.. 30 with beginner level vocational training and 246 are uneducated (Figure 9. 8 in water supply. 11 in transportation. construction and retail trade.9 thousands of preschool aged children are studying 57 classes of kindergarden. Environmental Consultants. 6 in finance.1 percent of the total unemployed individuals are females while remaining 36. 22 processing industry. 175 in maintenance and repair service for home appliances. 22 in real estate and business operation. social insurance. Number of registered-unemployed individuals is declined by 167 individuals or 33 points.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline increased gradually from 44 to 55 by 20 percent in 2004-2006.3) Source: “Mongolian Statistical Yearbook 2007” Ulaanbaatar.4 percent in 2007. 1. 82 in state administration. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-68 . 12227 pupils were enrolled to 18 secondary schools with 525 teachers in academic year of 2007-2008 in Umnugobi aimag. 17 power stations. Total investment is composed of state Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. 339 individuals are registered in labour agency and are composed of 214 females and 125 males. 42 organizations in education.2 percent as compared to 2004. 22170 individuals are employed from labor-age population of 22509 and 2.

Total livestock population has increased by 244249 occupying 3. 416905 of young livestocks were born from 540193 breeding stocks in beginning of the year throughout the aimag and growth rate is at 98.6 percent / and own investment /7.2 percent /.6 ha.9 thousands livestocks died due to a desease.8 percent of this or 0. 821. 296526 sheeps.1 percent as compared to the previous year.4 ha.1.9 percent and 8.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline budget /61. March 19. 9980 livestock were died throughout Umnugobi aimag indicating decrease of 30769 or 75.4 ha and 3904. 12. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-69 . total area of 208 ha was cultivated and 1229. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.8 percent/.7 percent..4 Volume and structure of the livestock herds in Umnugobi aimag In agricultural sector.2 Agriculture Number of the families having livestocks became 7304 as of end of the year 2007 with an increase by 145 families or 2 percent as compared to previous year and 6258 of them are herder families indicating an increase of 98 herder families or 1. 971574 of goats were counted out of total population of 1399996 livestocks (1886957. Figure 12. 224 livestock per a herder family indicating an increase of 45 livestock or 25.3 tones of potato were harvested from 132. Source: “Introduction on socio-economic state of Umnugobi aimag” . Cultivation is increased by 11.3 tones of vegetables were harvested from 75. Mongolia. 2008.9 tones of livestock feed were prepared from nature.6 sheep units) in 2007.6 percent.5 percent of total livestock population of Mongolia. local budget /10. other loan and aid /20. 46431 horses.4 percent/. 75361 camels. Death of total livestocks is 0. Environmental Consultants. 10104 cow.7 percent.

12. vegetables by 100. and the land of 220 000 hectaresга is for state special protection reserve land.7 tones as compared to previous year. Ulaan hoshuu. climate and vegetation. Herders family migrate two or three times per year in low distance.1.3 or 57. Pasture land quality of each area is depended on soil. unsuitable area of 7 000. Mongolia.8 million tugriks indicating a decrease by 62. Pasture land of Javkhlant bag is relativley good resource to other areas of this sum. The program supported to do vegetation classification and livestock types.3 IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMICS Currentle there are no any farm and engineering operation in the proposed project area and the herders use pasture land for livestock.5 percent. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-70 .Oyu Tolgoi is located in the Javkhlant bag and camels habit in the Khulsan. Tariff income of the communication sector has reached 495. The pasture condition and capacity is higher quality in summer and autumn period than in winter and spring period. Sum administration implemented pasture management program to decrease pasture depletion and to improve livestock management in 1990.8 percent and increase of sales by 23684. Tsagaan ereg and Khargana. Environmental Consultants. It is possible to take a comprehencive information of socio-economic condition about local herders from the Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi project Groundwater Resource use from the Gunii Hooloi and Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC..6 million tugriks of products was manufactured and 64652. In current situation the pasture land sufficient for the total numbers of livestock in Javkhlant bag hovewer the result of 40% decrease livestock numbers in the last 4 years implied that the harsh climate condition can be affect to decrease suddenly. This indicates and total production growth by 20681.6 tones and amount of prepared livestock feed and grass is declined by 1885. Builsan nuuriin us.2 million tugriks or 12. Oshuu.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline harvested potatoes by 306.1 million tugriks or 66. It is suitable for pasture land of 1 360 000 hectares.3 Industry 51615. Dugat. Currently pasture land is not used seasonally.7 million tugriks of sales was done in industrial sector of Umnugobi aimag in 2007. Daichin zag.8 percent as compared to the previous year.2 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE KHANBOGD SUM Total area of the Khanbogd sum is 1 650 000 hectares. Kharmagt. 12.5 tones. 12.

Impacts on local and national economy from OT project Base imformation about local herders was collected for the socio-economic impact assessment of the project and these herders related to history.: Posiive impact of employment increase because of human resource support from local herders Negative impact of pasture land deficit caused by project construction It is probable that negative impact will affect to the herders and livestocks from the dust and noise emission from project construction. Mongolia. It is high proble that the herders may affect by the project and relevant operations of the project.. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquifers” which was approved in 2005 and Detailed Environmental Impact assessment of Oyu Tolgoi minind and processing-Section III was approved in 2006 prepared by Eco-Trade LLC. economic and culture of the project area and its surroundings. Following positive and negative impacts may occur from the project. Environmental Consultants. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-71 .

6% of total impacts are included in low and remaining is consist of moderate.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 12. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-72 .1 Impact assessment of the water supply pipeline project Impact assessment № Impacts Insignificant Low Moderate High Extreme 1 Posiive impact of employment increased because of human Х resource support from local herders 2 Negative impact of pasture land deficit caused by project Х construction 3 It is probable that negative impact will affect to the herders and Х livestocks from the dust and noise emission from project construction. Environmental Consultants. Conclusion: 66. Mongolia. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. 34% of total impact is defined positive and others are negative impacts..

Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 13.7 55.7 It is determined that water supply pipeline project has medium impact or 55. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-73 ..1% of impact in terms of landscape. vegetation cover and air quality according to consolidated impact assessment to nature and cultural heritage.. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. soil.7% of total impacts are determined as low and there is no impact that is determined as very dangerous.1 13. Therefore we concluded all potential negative environmental impacts in the table below. Table 13. Mongolia.0 SUMMARY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT We have summarized the above mentioned all environmental impacts and it is shown in Error! Reference source not found. 51. % Ranking No impact Very low or no impact Moderate Moderate Moderate Moderate Moderate No impact Very low or no impact Moderate Conclusion -4 15 -16 -4 Moderate 13. internal and surface water. Such integration of impacts is helpful to see overall environmental impact of project and to determine percentage of certain impact for environment and extent of the impact.1 Summary of EIA of the Magnitude and extent of impact Extreme Insignificant Low Moderate High dangerous 0 -2 -1 -1 -2 -2 0 -2 -1 -1 +1-1 -3 -2 -1 -1 -3 -3 -1 -3 -2 -3 -1 Environment Climate Air quality Landscape Water environment Soil Flora Fauna Historical and Physical impacts Socioeconomics Total Percent. Environmental Consultants.7 51.

9 07 06 03 37 21.30 105.10 3.71 3.30 105.4 10 30 17 03 34.0 42.40 106.0 42.9 03 09 19 13 10.30 105.9 08 05 18 41 07.0 44.1 42.9 03 21 03 18 24.0 43.2 44.5 01 13 15 00 15.5 03 03 07 02 53.5 03 24 17 44 01.60 105.50 107.30 4.57 104.0 44.2 09 04 23 59 14.0 43.1 Seismic zones in Mongolia and project location).00 106.19 105.9 06 17 22 21 34.50 106.30 105. According to above assessment.0 44.0 42.00 4. the probability of earthquake in Oyu Tolgoi and surrounding areas is equal to once per 475 years and this probability will increase by 10% every 50 years.60 3.0 43.0 42.9 43.60 4.50 3.50 105.0 41.9 01 03 08 56 09.90 104.8 02 02 23 17 30.9 01 11 23 36 49.0 43.80 105.90 105.1.00 4.70 107. Mongolia.00 3.99 107.0 42.30 105.70 105.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 14.3 03 31 06 26 36.92 3. it was determined that Oyu Tolgoi and its surrounding areas has comparatively less active earthquake condition compared to eastern Mongolia.. Table 14.6 06 16 12 12 23.9 04 16 00 23 01.0 43. But Mongol Altai active tectonic mountain chain which continues from south west Siberia to Gobi is located on the west of Oyu Tolgoi (Appendix 14.0 11 25 15 58 03.1 NATURAL DISASTERS AND POTENTIAL RISKS RELATED TO EQUIPMENTS AND TECHNOLOGY 14.0 RISK ASSESSMENT 14. Page-74 .56 106.3 04 29 10 45 42.3 10 26 04 46 31.00 4. Environmental Consultants.40 105.00 4 .9 09 19 23 47 45.0 43.5 09 08 00 20 20.0 43.3 106.4 41.10 105.2 Earthquake events in the last 100 years since 1900 and the project location).9 06 08 07 47 00.90 4.7 10 13 08 27 42.05 3.0 43.0 43.1 Natural disasters and related risks:  Earthquake Earthquake danger assessment was conducted by Knight Piesold Company and astronomical and geophysics research center at Mongolian Science Academy.00 4.80 4. Eastern sequel of Mongol Altai or Gobi Altai Mountain ends 50-100 km away from Oyu Tolgoi on the west (Appendix 14.23 106.13 3.10 3.90 5.0 42.50 3.6 Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 I5 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Year 1958 I960 1961 1961 1961 1961 1961 1961 1961 1974 1975 1975 1976 1977 1931 1932 1983 1983 1933 1983 1984 1984 1984 1986 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.14 3.61 4.50 3.1.0 44. According to research result.1 Seismicity registered at Oyu Tolgoi project area Starting date Coordinates Latitude Longitude Magnitude Month Day Hour Min Sec N E 11 16 20 23 46.90 3.

2003.1 44.5 43.2 42.94 105. 105.55 3.28 4.45 4. CTP and CTPS are defined objects with high risks.72 104.41 3.91 4.4 46.3 10.8 51.6 Source: Institute of geophysics and astronomy of Mongolian science academy. and explosion of fuel and lubricants. such flood happens 2-5 times a year in average.6 41.46 105. Average flashing of wind per minute reaches 83.10 106.95.50 107.92 106.8 33. In other words.59 105.1 14. Seismic records.3 43. and it happens once a year in dry year.7 45.  Flood One specialty of area when project is going to be implemented is having Gobi wild flood. there is a need to choose location for construction avoiding flood danger.0 41.5 44. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-75 .5 19.88 3.19 107.9 42.20 3. Additionally.46 4. Environmental Consultants.1 41.9 44.21 105.21 106.. According to records of meteorological station of Umnugobi aimag.5 43. there are 2-8 days per year with downpour.50 4.0 41.0 28.66 3.0 01.02 3.0 09.3 53. There are 29 hours of flashing a year.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Starting date N 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Year 1990 1991 1991 1992 1993 1995 1995 1995 1996 1997 1998 1993 1998 2000 2000 2000 2001 2001 2001 2002 2002 Month 09 02 02 08 08 01 03 06 08 03 08 09 11 02 04 06 09 12 13 04 05 Day 30 03 08 31 29 03 13 15 30 19 29 03 22 15 12 05 10 03 10 17 23 Hour 11 11 10 07 04 10 01 15 01 12 20 06 13 18 12 06 19 01 19 22 23 Min 50 50 23 25 00 38 59 40 12 49 14 42 44 53 00 33 31 03 33 52 16 Sec 33.66 105. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.5 41.52 3. people and even engineering structure.5 44.47 106.68 108.0 Coordinates Latitude Longitude Magnitude N E 43.  Lightning One of probable natural disaster can be lightning that may cause fire.7 43.25 3.17 107.41 3. transforming system and air lines can be considered as high risk.64 4.9 12.52 104.09 3. (Namkhaijantsan.2 25.3 43. 14 3.24 106.0 00.8 44. Mongolia.6 15.37 106. According to local weather records. high speed swirling current is created after heavy rain and it flows through land sloping and river bed which causes damage to animals.4 37.24 106.50 3. in the rainy year it happens up to 9 times a year. Therefore.6 42.6 44.08 105. Lagoon.27 3. Electricity division system.6 41.1 44.6 44. the probability of having lightning can be once for five years.9 44. 2002).3 21.19 105.54 3.73 4.

 There can be accidents caused by actions of employees that breach safety rules. CO. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. dust and noise. Environmental Consultants. In that case it is hard to provide direct control to see their influences. breakage of equipments. Please see the risk assessment in Table 14.1. Mongolia. Combining all risks and dangers mentioned above we conducted assessment of probable risks. These factors have slow influence on health of people directly and indirectly. Also we estimated their occurrence probability.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 14. These risks can cause following damages such as fire. SOx.  The factors that may slowly bring damage to the health of employees can be such substances in the air including NO x. S2..2 Risk and danger caused by equipments and technology  Electrical equipments. Furthermore there can be loss of chemical elements used for equipments that can be bad for health of employees working there. electricity transmitting system and transformers are most risky parts and there can be serious risk and danger in the case of breaching technical standards and safety rules.1. and damage to health and life of employees. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-76 . But employees can avoid these negative influences if they follow MNS 0012-013:1991 standards “Standards on air of working environment ”strictly.

 To select and install spare parts accurately based on operational condition and management of production equipments and safety instruction etc Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. their magnitude and extent will be great. and to prevent from negative impacts to health of employees and normal operation of water supply pipeline. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-77 . one is included in moderate and another one is included in category of low.2 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE POTENTIAL RISKS There is a need to take following measures to prevent from probable accident at water supply pipeline construction. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 14. SО2.. Generally we can summarize that impacts caused by risks will be moderate . Probable SOx. 14.2 Risk Assessment Magnitude and extent of № Impacts Insignificant Low impacts Probability Certain Probable Possible 1 Earthquake Unlikely Rare Certain Probable Possible 2 Flood Unlikely Rare Certain Probable Possible 3 Lightning strikes Unlikely Rare Certain Probable Fire and explosion Possible 4 due to damage of electric devices Unlikely Rare Certain Negative impact of NOx. CO. dust and Possible + 5 noise for health of Unlikely employees Rare Certain Negative influence of accidents at water Probable supply pipeline for Possible 6 health of employees and Unlikely normal operation of station Rare Summary: Moderate High Extreme dangerous + + + + + Four of all risks are included in category of high risk. Mongolia. but probability is low. If these risks happen.

fire fighting equipment and fire hose. high quality maintaining service on time. To place first aid medical supplies including medicine. injection and devices in monitoring room or in any appropriate room. Mongolia. over moistured place and high temperature) have relevant shape and purpose built. and to provide them with job safey appliances. safety lighting. have them attend training on operating during the accident and emergency situation. to place direction signs. Environmental Consultants. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-78 .  To provide instruction of safety operation and first aid. fire fighting equipment and fire hose in appopriate locations. to place fire fighting equipment and fire alarms in storages where petrol oil and lubricants which can be exploded are stored  To place fire alarm.  To place parts of production equipments with electric current well isolated or place them out of reach of people    To have employees have medical examination before they are hired. and to hang board showing direction of fire exit ( if it is not clear. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.   To follow operational rules and instructions strictly.  To have industrial equipments operating in special condition (explosion hazard. All employees involve constantly in medical checks.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline  To place lightning rods at certain places. to control equipment operation regularly and to provide needed. Not to allow to use new substances and materials for industrial equipment structure which were not produced according to standard or which were not tested in terms of fire safety and certain hygience  To take preventive measures in the case of having sharp edges and uneven surface of equipments due to necessary operational duties of equipments which can lead to industrial accident and danger. and usage instructions of emergency device so that it can be used easily  To paint dangerous part of production equipments with alarming color or place signs of dangerous operation.  To have industrial equipments make warning noise in the case of them working off norm mode . to take measures to conduct thunder.. to put allowed marks on fire alarm..  To have emergency disconnecting device red and make it in different shape than other controlling device. for example there is one fire exit ). to have emergency automatic disconnecting device to stop production equipments or to disconnect them from electric resource in the case of accident or operating in risky situation.

. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline  To reflect these measures to minimize negative impacts in provisions of construction contract and other relevant documents. The following steps must be taken to prevent from dangerous natural occurences:  To block up construction and facilities tightly to decrease negative impacts of dust storm and to provide technical maintaining service when dust storm is over  To locate lightning conductor to prevent from accidents related to thunder. Mongolia. To take measures preventing from direct reflection of sun on fuel container and facilities to protect fuel from overheating and exploding. Storm water diversion for the project site should consider the natural drainage requirements Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-79 .    To dig out drainage ditch outside of the construction and facilities to prevent from flood danger .

The EPP was developed on the basis of requirements for mitigating negative impacts to the environment. vegetation. It is required to make decisions and work on the delivery of EPP results. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Determination of legal requirements which will be followed during the construction and development activities. Mongolian EIA procedures and the specific guidelines in the screening report for the construction and development stage of the Oyu Tolgoi Project were issued by the MNE in July 2007.0 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PLAN The Environmental Protection Plan (EPP) provided here is a summary of a proposed actions and commitments for the Gunii Hooloi borefield and water supply pipeline facilities in the construction and development stage of the Oyu Tolgoi Project. Citizens Representatives Khural (Meeting) and the MNE. water. 2006. which is outlined in the 3rd Annex of the Resolution # 119 of the Minister of Nature and Environment (MNE) on 27 April. Determine a preliminary estimation of required funds. Environmental Protect ion activities establish the following objectives: 1. Environmental Consultants. 3. and are attached in the Appendix of this report. which were carried out for reduction and prevention from potential impacts to Local Environmental State Inspector. soil cover.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 15. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-80 . fauna and employees from chemicals during the construction and development stage of the Oyu Tolgoi Gunii Hooloi borefield and water supply pipeline facilities. This plan establishes the objectives and schedule of activities to mitigate negative impacts. Mongolia. 2. The EPP was developed while assessing environmental impacts in accordance with direction for developing Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA). and environmental protection measures required to protect the identified environmental values from the risks posed from raw water supply facilities.. Determine activities to mitigate and to prevent potential impacts on air.

2. During operation Included in dust suppression program Included in mine closure and rehabilitation program Law on Subsoil. along to the road) Air quality Preliminary estimation (thous. MNT*) Included in dust suppression program Legal obligations Law on Air: Article: 9-1.6.1 Environmental Protection Plan № 1 Environmental factors Potential impacts Potential for dust emission from soil erosion and removal due to construction work. MNS 4585:1998 “Air quality control” Precipation components may changed caused by increased air emission 2 Landscape Approximately 60.2. Mitigation measures Ensure that roads are gravelled. 2002 During and post construction period Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. order #22/109 of Minister of Nature and Environment.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. Land law. Potential for air quality depression caused by dust emission from vehicle traffic Placement of construction materials.Environmental Consultants. BTS and CTPS) land is required to dig the trenches to place the water pipeline. During operation (quarterly) 1 truck*10. Article: 101.3.2.0 (once)*4 (quarterly)=160.2. Article: 20-1.4. to protect it from wind erosion. Mitigation for the operational health hazards wiil be included in dust suppression program Develop a restoration plan in areas where construction was completed and materials were stored after the construction and operational stages.5.3. Unused roads are closed and rehabilitation is completed during the construction and use period. Potential impacts to vegetation cover from project operation dust emissions. Period and frequency During and post construction period (once a month..7 ha (emergency water storage. Article 11-1. Article 13-1. lagoon. regularly watered or dust suppressed. Mongolia.0* n(trucks) Mongolian National Standards. Regular technical inspection and maintanence for all vehicles that are under operation. MNS (ISO) 4226:2000 “Air quality”. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-81 .3.4. During and post construction period Included in production cost Environmental Protection Law: Article: 21-3. sand and clay in appropriate locations.2.

During and post construction period During and post construction period Impossible to estimate preliminary Impossible to estimate preliminary Law on water.Environmental Consultants. Mongolia.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. Ministry of Nature and . which were washed by flood waters during the construction stage. MNS 49:17-2000. Rehabilitate careers immediately which were used for power line and road construction period The conditions and specifications for construction materials storage will be specified Mine closure and rehabilitation period Impossible to estimate preliminary 3 Surface and groundwater Also. order #222/109 of the Minister of Industry and Trade in 2002 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Slope of disturbed area technical requirements Temporal impact stockpiling soil from digging tenches These areas must be rehabilitated In accordance with the mine closure and rehabilitation planning.. MNT*) Included in section “Flora”. Legal obligations The construction of the main road. Approximately 21.2 3 ha of land and 142400 м of topsoil will be removed to a depth of 0. Requirements for determination of the fertile soil layer standard while performing earth-moving Rehabilitate temporal roads which are used power line and road construction period Stockpiling topsoil to suitable location.2 m. Environment.78 ha will be used for a construction of water supply facilities (storage pond and pump station). if the facilities are not being used in the future. with a length of 142. This area must be rehabilitated in accordance with the mine closure and rehabilitation planning. that released earth during digging of channels will cap and dirturb nearby top soil and vegetation cover Potential contamination of surface water and soil from construction materials. if the facilities are not being used in the future.1 Environmental Protection Plan № Environmental factors Potential impacts Mitigation measures Period and frequency During and post construction period Preliminary estimation (thous. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-82 . Mine closure and rehabilitation period mpossible to estimate preliminary MNS 49:20-2000.7 km will occupy 71.

General requirement for revegetate of disturbed land. in a area of 3 71.2 m of surface soil. Mongolia. Technical requirements. Channels and effective drainage should be constructed to maintain the natural flow regime. Completed construction stage Impossible to estimate Included in rehabilitation stage MNS 49:17-2000.1992 of State Environmental Border Regulation of protection for water resource. Approximately 0.Environmental Consultants. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. 12th of January. emergency storage lagoon. Appendix to the resolution No. Requirements for determination of the fertile soil layer standard while performing earth-moving.0 (142400 m3 * 1000) MNS 4918-2000. Order #6.. Potential for surrounding areas being ravaged by water due to restriction of the natural flow of the water body.1 Environmental Protection Plan № Environmental factors Potential impacts Mitigation measures Period and frequency Planning and construction stage Preliminary estimation (thous. Potential for impacts to local resident’s wells and vegetation cover due to restricting the natural flow of surface water and runoff. Impossible to estimate preliminary Regulation of payment for water polluted. Page-83 Completed construction stage 142400. “Water use fee rates and mount” Pipeline structural integrity is continuously monitored During planning stage and construction period During operation Impossible to estimate preliminary Drainage from operation will be considered in planning and managed.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. Water quality Impacts from drainage during construction operations. MNT*) Included in production cost Legal obligations MNS 4586:98. Flood can be danger of short electrical circuit. Joint order from ministries of Environment and Nature and Health 167/335/A171 4 Soil Total 60. bore pumps etc) land destroyed project construction Soil removal should be conducted according to the plan and disturbed areas should be rehabilitated upon min eclosure.2 ha or 142400 m ha The pipeline corridor will be rehabilitated with local vegetation immediately after completion.7 hectares (collection tank pump. .7 of the government of mongolia. 2005.

5 m at maximum. Covering soil for destroyed land.. Soil excavation depth ranges between 3. хэмжээг өөрийн зардлаар хариуцах. In the process of water supply pipeline project. drought.1 m and 3.Environmental Consultants.1. preserve land characteristics quality as well as prevent the reduction of soil fertility overgrazing of vegetation cover soil erosion.9 2* (21785.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. During operation Included in operation cost Ensure impervious containment of hazardous materials During construction Included in operation cost Potential contamination of soil from construction materials. Fuel. MNT*) Legal obligations Dust suppression measures wll be done constantly in construction stage. During construction 762496.7 м 3.7 km. Law on land Article 50. Mitigation measures Period and frequency Preliminary estimation (thous. Prevention measures for soil degradation because of Gobi desert light brown soil is degraded directly caused by flash flood and high intensity precipitation. saturation. Soil and vegetation cover pollute from gas emission of machine and vehicle tranportation on the maintenance During construction Included in operstion cost Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Soil excavation or removal cost is 1 thousand tukrig 3 per 1 m . salinization.78 hectares of land will be excavated for canal to place water supply pipeline and there will be created heap Soil erosion and degredation from soil removal and machines and vehicles.1.5 m*1000) MNS 49:19-2000. 21.1 Environmental Protection Plan № Environmental factors Potential impacts with length of 142. for instance. At their expense. degradation. equipment and vehicle traffic will travel on desighned roads and routes. Technical requirements. lubricate materials and toxic chemicals to be contained in vessels or drums and control it. pollution and chemical pollution caused by nature or human activities. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-84 . Mongolia. which were washed by waters during the construction stage. will be used service and maintenance road.

Limit vehicle transportation on undisturbed land. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-85 . ).64/А/62. Potential for disturbing or destroying rare and/or endangered plant species. мэргэжилтний зааварчилгааны дагуу нүүлгэн шилжүүлэх зайлшгүй тохиолдолд үрийн санг авч үлдэх. and water or use a dust suppression on main road. MNS 4918:2000 “Basic requirements for re-vegetation of disturbed land” Potential for dust emission from soil erosion and removal due to construction work During operation Included in dust suppression plan Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. During operation period Displace plants of 2 rare and 2 very rare species and revegetate after the mine closure (мэргэжлийн байгуулла. Annex II. 2002 Reclamation of mineral exploration and mining lands by replanting.8 ha of vegetation cover will be destroyed in the process of constructing buildings Rehabilitation of the pipeline area will be completed when construction is completed. Vegetation removal increases the potential for dust emission and land degradation from construction and operations. Mongolia. MNT*) Impossible to estimate preliminary Included in rehabilitation stage Included in dust suppression program Legal obligations 5 Flora 154.Environmental Consultants. Once per year Dust monitoring and suppression measures develop under the prevention of negative impacts on air quality and mitigation measures for the negative impacts After construction completed 1000.0(yearly cost)*5(duration of project) Mongolian national standard 0017-5-1-19:1992 “General requirements for the rehabilitating disturbed land”..1 Environmental Protection Plan № Environmental factors Potential impacts Mitigation measures Period and frequency Post construction period Preliminary estimation (thous. Law on protection of plant. Law on natural plant.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. III-Joint MNE and MAI Order No.

for instance use techniques which is produce low noise and high technical parameters During project planning. It must to consider minimize noise level of the project operation.1..10. consideration should be given to not restricting the movement of regional animals as reasonably Page-86 During operation Included in operation cost 6. Habitat disturbance of noise from transportation on maintenance road in operation and utilization of water supply piplene equipment and Project will participate in regional fauna studies with relevant national organizations and experts to improve understanding and management of regional wildlife and habitat significance and promote them. Potential for increased illegal hunting in the area due to increased accessibility.Environmental Consultants. 1.3. to take precaution of any animal being killed during production and operation. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC . Mongolia. to protect covering area and to keep moving path of fauna free. улмаар энэ нь эргээд орчны агаарын тоосжилт ихсэхэд нөлөөлөх Mitigation measures Regular technical inspection and maintenance for all vehicle that are under operation. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.1.1 Environmental Protection Plan № Environmental factors Potential impacts Increased dust from the асвар үйлчилгээний ажилд хэрэглэгдэж буй машин тоног төхөөрөмжөөс үүдсэн тоосжилт. талхагдал бий болох. MNT*) Included in Section “Air quality” Legal obligations 6 Fauna Excessive noise and vibration from the equipments and vehicles of the construction stage and dust emission will be caused to remove wildlife and loss their habitats. Planning and operation Included in operation cost 6. organize scientific research aimed at establishing measures for the protection of fauna.7.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. During operation period Impossible to estimate preliminary Law on fauna: Article 6. Period and frequency During operation Preliminary estimation (thous. to preserve normal developmetn. For instabce.

Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of the Water Supply Pipeline Table 15. and the construction and operation of the PWS may have a negative effect on operators who worked during construction and in the future. MNT*) Legal obligations 7 Noise Noise emitted by equipment. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page-87 .8archeological survey by operation cost 6.MNT Hooloi borefield and pipeline water supply project Archeology Prior to operation and during the operation Pre operational activities Included in operation cost Mongolian code of Maximum allowable level of noise. 8 Historic and cultural It is necessary studied a detailed Included in memorilas are found 1. Law on labor Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Employees should not remain in a location with a noise level of more than 85dB for more than 8 hours/day without ear protection Period and frequency Preliminary estimation (thous. Wildlife will be avoided when possible. To minimize noise level in the planning stage before to use ear protection. on the memorials from the project avtivities. Estimated cost of Environmental Protection Plan in the construction and development stage of the Gunii 904896.9 thous.4 km far form proposed professional organization before area.1 Environmental Protection Plan № Environmental factors Potential impacts Mitigation measures practicable.Environmental Consultants. Mongolia. It will be no impact the construction stage. Noise from construction and equipment may impact in Prior to operation Included in operation cost Noise level standard of World Bank...

The EMP will be implemented and the results will be used to evaluate: I II The extent and severity of actual environmental impacts against predicted impacts. For compliance monitoring. including the budget for implementing the EMP and to measure any project impacts. Contractors should also follow the EMP and EPP in their operations. III Trends of any environmental impacts.. Under the EMP fframework. The performance of the EMP and compliance with relevant standards and regulations. Environmental consultants. Citizens Representative’s Khural. the monitoring protocol will follow the Mongolian National standards for monitoring pollutants. The EMOs will be responsible for analyzing the colleced data and reporting to the relevant local authority and officers.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 16. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -88 . Other applicable standards include national environmental quality standards and pollutant discharge / emission standards. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. as well as compliance monitoring. All procedures. Mongolia. The EMP scope conisiders monitoring parameters and frequency applicable standards. which are indicated in table below. analytical methods and quality control requirements. and the Ministry of Nature and Environment of Mongolia. baseline and progress data will be reported at end of the year (in November) by the EMOs to the local environmental inspector . then the most current standards and regulations shall be applied. The EMOs and the Environmental Consultants will develop a comprehensive project peformance management plan. and IV The overall effectiveness of the project EPP. will be implemented and guided by the Environmental Management Officers (EMOs) at Oyu Tolgoi.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN The project Environmental Monitoring Program (EMP) focused on the environment within the proposed pipeline corridor of the Gunii Hooloi Borefield and Pipeline water supply project. sampling. If any standards or regulations are renewed.

Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 16. once in April and September. once a year Preliminary cost estimate (million MNT) Each location 70. Each location 70. MNS:3384:1982 For Dust analysis MNS:4048:1988 2 Landscape: Study of the sheet erosion and conversion along the CTPS#1-5 and lagoon General conversion landscape gravitity of the Along the Water supply pipeline 5 days*50.0 By survey measuremants and observation Total aquifer field 3 days*50.0 Standards and methods 1 For sampling MNS 4585-98. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -89 .0. 4 locations are control points which are not influenced by project (in 2 km far from water supply pipeline affected low by anthropogenic influence) Period of frequency of monitoring Dust control: During construction.0..0.0 (daily salary per expert) Once per year 10000. totally in 8 location (twice a year during the operation)=1120.1 Environmental Monitoring Plan № Monitoring parameters Air quality: Dust control: <10 mm of total dust scale (PM10) Recommended location of monitoring 4 location along the water supply pipeline. During the operation.0 (daily salary per expert) Once per three years 2100.0 To compare and study satelite data which will be same resolution and time scale during the pre-utilization stage and each 3 years Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Environmental Consultants. totally in 8 location (twice a year during the operation)=22400.

For determining 4586:1998. K. 3person/day*50000 MNT*40years 6000. Mongolia Page -90 . thickness of the humus layer.1 Environmental Monitoring Plan № Monitoring parameters Surface and froundwater: pH. color of the water body To record scale of the temporal flow. once in April and September (Twice a year*4 well*84600 MNT) Preliminary cost estimate (million MNT) 13536. Definitions”. once a year. Recommended location of monitoring (Khevtee bor hudag. land. wells. in 5 locations along the During the implementation of the project. Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC During the 20000. Sukhai hudag. Mongolian national standards MNS 0017-5-119:1992 “basic requirements for the rehabilitating disturbed lands” MNS 3473:1983 “Environmental protection. For chemical analysis MNS 13. COD. TDS (total dissolved solidsс (by mass)) . 3 days*50. MNS 4919:2000 “Covering soil for destroyed land”. BOD. SO4. Shavgiin hudag Ergiin us) 4 гар худаг*2 times*21*3000MNT Period of frequency of monitoring Since to use groundwater. Total hardness (CaCO3). As. storing and transportation requires MNS(ISO):566714:1998.. Na. 3 Project area and its surroundings. odour.0 Soil moisture is defined by mass. Cd.0 Some specific sampling.060. Cr. taste. water quality MNS 12 locations of the wells and ponds in the project area and its surroun dings During the implementation of project.0 (daily salary per expert) *40years 6000. NO2. humus components. Mg. 3person/day*50000 MNT*40 years рН. Hg. NO3. Cu. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 16. once a year. Ca. Pb. dissolved oxidation.50 For determining water quality MNS 4586:1998 MNS 3297:1991 – For soil sampling. Fe. Land usage.0 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. NH4. water tanks around the water supply pipeline and determine their scale Soil quality: Soil natural moisture.0 Standards and methods 2 For sampling and storing the sample solutions MNS(ISO):4867:1999. Ni. Zn. Along the Water supply pipeline.

in July each year 25000. population. total N. Recommended location of monitoring water supply pipeline (in 2 km far from pipeline which land is affected lowly by antropogen influence).. each location 10locations*5profile* 10000 MNT*40 years Preliminary cost estimate (million MNT) Standards and methods MNS 4917:2000 “Requirements for determination of the fertile soil layer”.1 Environmental Monitoring Plan № Monitoring parameters mechanical structure.0 Guideline for field survey of flora study. bacteries per 3 1 см . 5 Fauna: To count and define wildlife. once per year (July) 3person/day*50000 MNT*40 years 6000. to study fauna species (to cooperate Mongolian professional organization) Along the water supply pipeline. project area and its surroundings During the utilization. species diversity and condition within 25m2 Plots in restored areas along the pipeline route 5 locations along the water supply pipeline (in 2 km far from pipeline which land is affected lowly by antropogen influence). Institute of biology . once a year. 5 sampling for the laboratoty analysis Period of frequency of monitoring implemantation of the project.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 16. Blank sheet of field survey. MNS 3297:1991 “hygienic requirement and normative for the urban soil quality” 4 Vegetation cover: Vegetation density. Environmental Consultants. migration.0 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. metals. 5 sampling for the laboratoty analysis During the operation. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -91 . total P.1992.

0 thous..1 Environmental Monitoring Plan № Monitoring parameters Recommended location of monitoring Period of frequency of monitoring Preliminary cost estimate (million MNT) Standards and methods Estimated cost of Environmental Monitoring Plan for proposed Water Supply pipeline 105036. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 16. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -92 . MNT Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.

The law includes 13 articles and 4 chapters which are named General provision. information.1 Mongolian laws on environment THE MOST CURRENT MONGOLIAN LAWS ON ENVIRONMENT 1 2 The Constitution of Mongolia: Law on Environmental Protection: This law has 7 chapters and 39 articles. Environmental impact assessment.1. 2005 and approved by MNE in September. environmental impact assessment is classified two categories of general and detailed and consists of environmental protection plan. 2005. The chapters are: General provisions. Law on Air: This law includes 21 articles and 4 chapters which are named General provision. 1995.there are 29 laws of environment which have some relevance to the Oyu Tolgoi raw water supply pipeline at the Gunii hooloi borefield. monitoring.. Environmental assessments. Environmental monitoring. Currently. Environmental Consultants. Miscellaneous 1995.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 17.0 RELEVANT LEGISLATION TO THE PROJECT “Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment of Oyu Tolgoi Project. Lead of air protection. databanks and research. 3 4 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Table 17. This law came into force on 5 June 1995. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -93 . The law was approved in March. Law on environmental Impact Assessment: The law on environmental impact assessment was approved in January. General measures on environmental protection. Plenary rights of state organizations on environmental protection. monitoring program and guidence. Methodology of air protection and Miscellaneous. 1998. Miscellaneous. The valid laws of them are listed in Table 17. Rights and obligations of participants in environmental impact assessment. Volume II” and “Environmental impact assessment of Oyu Tolgoi Project Groundwater Resource Use from the Gunii Hooloi and Galbyn Gobi Regional Aquife rs” reports were submitted in June. 1995 and came into force since June. use and restoration of natural resources. In here. Duties of business entities and organizations in protecting the environment and natural resources.

Legal requirements for conducting exploration and mining.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 17. Sanctions. This law was updated in July 2006. Liability for violation of the legislation on the subsoil. 2005. Efficient and rational use of land and land protection. 133 species are contained category of “Very rare”. Safeguards against water pollution Article 35. deposits and subsoil. The law was approved in April 2004 and entered into force since June. Incentives for water protection and restoration Article 36. habitat restoration. Miscellaneous. Land management. Law on Natural Plants: This law includes 22 articles. Other provisions. It must attend to the below articles from the law: Article 4. Using subsoil for purposes other than mining. This law was approved in April. 1995 and came into force since June. Cancellation of water utilization contract Article 29. Water utilization and exploitation. Requirements to water utilization Article 25. Liabilities. The national registration of mineral reserves. The chapters of the law are: General provision. This law includes 6 chapters and 38 articles. Giving land for possession or use. Protection of subsoil. Purposes of water utilization Article 22. Structure and composition of agencies responsible for implementation of mineral related legislation. Geological surveying of subsoil.1 Mongolian laws on environment THE MOST CURRENT MONGOLIAN LAWS ON ENVIRONMENT 5 Law on Water: The purpose of the present law is to regulate the protection. License of water use Article 31. Water facilities Article 37. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -94 . Protection of water resources and its quality. Effective use of water resource and protection from depletion Article 34. Using subsoil for mining. Water facilities. Its chapters are: General provision. Water reserve Article 5. Termination of exploration and mining licenses. Powers of state organization on water relation issues. This law was approved in April 2002 and was in effect on January 2003. Hydrological exploration and research Article 21.. It was approved in June 1997 and came into force in July 1997. It was approved in November 1988 and came into force in 1999. building and commissioning of plants for mining and processing of mineral resources and underground constructions to be used for purposes other than mining. Liabilities for violation of the legislation Minerals Law : This law includes 65 articles. The authority of government authorities and local self-governing organizations regarding land issues. Monitoring use and protection of subsoil and geological-surveying. Law on Subsoil: This law includes 60 articles. Resolution of disputes regarding the use of subsoil. effective use and restoration of water. Water consumer Article 23. A request application for water use Article 26. land register and the unified land territory report. Resolution of disputes arising out of exploration and mining licenses. Obligations of license holders while carrying out their activities. Preparing drawings. Law on Land: This law includes 64 articles and 7 chapters which are: General provision. The unified land territory of Mongolia and its basic classification. Environmental Consultants. Authorization for water use Article 28. 6 7 8 9 Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Its chapters are: General provisions. Conditions for maintaining eligibility to hold exploration and mining licenses. Protections of water recources and water quality Article 32. Water user Article 24. Safety during the use of subsoil. Protection and effective use of water recources during drought and desertification period Article 33. Transfer and mortgage of licenses. 1995.

1995 and came into force since June. and organizations. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -95 . Plant protection service. 2004 Law on water and mineral water use fees: This law includes 13 articles. Duty of citizen. Mongolian Law on Reinvestment of Natural Resources Use Fees for Conservation and Restoration of Natural Resources: This law consists of 6 articles. Power of state bodies regarding special protected area. The law was approved in April. Its 8 chapters are: General provision. Land utilization. Monument and its protection regime. Law on Hunting: This law includes 29 articles. research and studies in special protected areas. The law was approved in April. 2008. 2003 and entered into force from July. №37. Law on Fauna: This law includes 5 chapters and 27 articles. 1995. Natural complex area and its protection regime. Miscellaneous. Plant continence and Miscellaeous. There is an act is included in the law. 1995. 2005. Nature reserve and its protection regime. It was approved in April. Law on Household and Industrial Waste: This law includes 23 articles and 6 chapters. 1997. 1997. February. 1994 and entered into force from April. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Law on Special Protected Area: This law includes 44 articles. Guideline of archeological excavation. This law entered into force on October 1. This law includes an act:  Order of minister of education. Some measures to apply Law on land fee Order of the minister of nature and environment №123. 1996 and includes 13 articles and 4 chapters. Mongolian government order №152. 1997. 1995 and came into force since July. 2000.. 11 12 13 14 Law on cultural heritage protection: This law includes 23 articles and 7 chapters. research and survey. To define amount of fees. 2000. Law on Special Protected Area and its surrounding zones: This law was approved in October. 1997 and includes 11 articles and regulations to define special protected area zone and management. culture and science. Law on Protection from Toxic Chemicals: This law includes 19 articles and 3 chapters. 1995. Environmental Consultants. Approved in June.  Mongolian government act #7. 2005. 1997 and entered into force since July. The chapters are: General provision. The law was approved in November.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 17. 2 acts were annexes in the law. 8 of September. National conservation park and its protection regime. 2001. It was approved in April. 1995.1 Mongolian laws on environment THE MOST CURRENT MONGOLIAN LAWS ON ENVIRONMENT 10 Law on Plant Protection: This law was approved in March. It was approved in May. 12 January. The law was approved in November. Law on Land Fees: This law includes 13 articles. 25 of June. 1995 and came into force since June. 15 16 17 18 19 20 Source: Public handbook of environmental laws. 1997 and came into force since May.

02. 1997 Design of making contract for using the around river bank.3 International Standards and Codes Title Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.02. government and It is necessary to implement following rules and orders relevant to the laws:    Water reserve protection.05. Outside Network Construction SNiP 2.02. The mongolian and international codes and standards which are implemented during project operation (Table 17. Agreement and their Approval Regulation for Design Development by a Foreign Design Engineering Geological Works for Construction Regulation for Designer Inspection Regulation for Design Chief Engineer (Chief Architect) Common Background for Engineering Investigation for Building and Structures BNbd 33-01-03 Basic Regulation for Design of Hydraulic Structures SNiP 2.01 Seismic Zones Standard/Code BNbd 11-01-98 BNbd 11-02-2 BNbd 11-03-02 BNbd 11-04-99 BNbd 11-06-03 BNbd 11-07-04 № 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 № Standard/Code Table 17.2 Mongolian National Standards and Codes Title Regulation for Design Development.02-85 Background for Hydro-Technical Facilities SNiP 2.01-98 Internal Plumbing Systems BNbd 3.08-87 Concrete and Ferro Concrete Items for Hydraulic Structure BNbd 40-05-98 Water Supply and Sewerage for Building SNiP 2.. Joint order of Minister of Nature and Environment and Minister of Health.2).04-85 Loads and influences on Hydraulic Structures (Waves) SNiP 2.07-90 Load and Effect CNR 22. guidelines and mongolian national standards approved by parliament.02-84 Water Supply.02.04. Minister’s order of Nature and Environment 152. There area 140 mongolian standards related to environment which have some relevance to the design and construction of the Gunii Hooloi borefield and water supply pipeline project. 1995 Selection of waste water dumping.06-85 Pipeline design code SNiP 2.03-85 Sewerage. Mongolia Page -96 . Environmental Consultants.02.01.04-90 Structures for Water Supply and Sewerage and their Outside Piping and Network BNbd 21-02-02 Fire Safety Code for Building and Structures Design Works CNR 2. Joint order of minister of nature and evnitornmen and ministerü143/A/352. Table 17.02.04.Outside Network Construction BNbd 3.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Moreover it requires to accompany rules.01-01-93 Climate and Geophysical Parameters CNR 2.05.

mixed flow and axial pumps-Code for hydraulic performance tests – Precision grade Technical specifications for centrifugal pumps – Class II Technical specifications for centrifugal pumps – Class I Ductile iron pipes. drainage and acceptance of heating construction Code for acceptance industrial metal pipelines Code for acceptance of equipments. Centrifugal . Steel pipes and fittings for buried or submerged pipe lines-External and internal coating by bitumen or coal tar derived materials. Ventilation and Air Conditioning. End suction centrifugal pumps-Dimensions of cavities for mechanical seals and for soft packing End suction centrifugal pumps-Baseplate and installation dimensions.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 ISO 9000:2005 ISO 14001 ISO 4179:2005 ISO 5256:1986 ISO 10803:1999 ISO 16134:2006 ISO 5996:1984 ISO 2858:1975 ISO 3069:2000 ISO 3661:1977 ISO 5198:1987 ISO 5199:2002 ISO 9905:2005 ISO 2561:1998 ISO 16132:2004 ISO 12494:2001 ISO 9349:2004 GB 50015-2003 GB 50268-97 GB 50013-2006 GB 50013-2006 GB 50019-2003 GB 50242-2002 GB 50235-97 GB 50236-97 Quality Management System Environment Management system Ductile iron pipes and fittings for pressure and non-pressure pipelinesCement mortar lining. Code for design of outdorr water sewerage engineering. Code for construction and acceptance of water supply and sewage pipelines. Cast iron gate valves.Designation. industrial pipelines solder Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Code for water supply. nominal duty point and dimensions. Code for design of building water supply and drainage. Code for design of Heating. Preinsulated ductile iron pipeline systems. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -97 . Design method for ductile iron pipes Earthquake and subsidence resistance design of ductile iron pipes. Atmospheric icing of structure. Code for construction and acceptance of water supply engineering. End suction centrifugal pumps (rating 16 bar) .. Ductile iron pipes and fittings – Seal coats for cement mortar lining. fittings accessories and their joints for water or gass applications. Environmental Consultants.

Glossary. Groundwater protection ffrom pollution. This standard is consist of requirements water environmnet quality to support healthy conditions of human life and ecosyetem balance. Environment. This standard is applied during operation period. General requirements for re-vegetation of disturbed land. Hydrosphere. Standards Content This standard is defined general requirements to rehabilitate for fertile soil layer while performing earth-moving. Technical requirements. Technical requirements. This standard is defined requirements to covering soil for destroyed land and used to plan project and program of rehabilitation for destroyed land and control the their implementation. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -98 . Chapter 11. It is suitable that samples (low amount or multible compound) are analyzed in laboratory which samples are not possible to analyzed sampling location. Rehabilitation of disturbed land. Environment. This standard is applied during operation period. 4 MNS 4920:2000 This standard is applied during operation period. This standard is defined general requirements for reclamation of destroyed land caused by using subsoil and geological survey. This standard is defined disturbed land classification and determine utilization type of rehablitated land. 6 7 8 MNS 4586:1998 9 MNS 4867:1999 Water quality. 2 MNS 4918:2000 This standard is defined general requirements for re-vegetation of disturbed land and used to plan project and program of rehabilitation for destroyed land and control their implementation. This standard is applied during operation period.. 10 MNS 3342:1982 This standard is defined general requirements of protection from grondwater pollution. Environmental Consultants.4 Existing Mongolian standards on Gunii Hooloi Borefield and water supply pipeline project of the Oyu Tolgoi Note № Standard 1 MNS 4917:2000 Title Requirements for determination of the fertile soil layer standard while performing earth-moving Environment. Covering soil for destroyed land. Water quality. 3 MNS 4919:2000 This standard is applied during operation period. General requirements. This standard is applied during operation period. For sampling. 11 MNS ISO 566711:2000 This standard is part of the international standard ISO 5667 is defined guideline of groundwater samples which is efficient This standard is applied during the operation Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Rehabilitation. Applied during operation period. Disturbed land classification General requirements for reclamation of destroyed or disturbed land Water environment quality. Guideline of sampling elaboration and save. Lateral slope of disturbed land. Chapter 3. 5 MNS 00175-1-13:1980 MNS 00175-1-18:1983 MNS 00175-1-19:1992 To use terms of the standards using glossary.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline Table 17. Terms. For sampling. Technical requirements. General requirements. This standard is not relevant to the defined industrial water zone which water compounds high chemical components and natural mineralization. This standard include to define permissible value of base landscape for re-vegetation of disturbed land. The standard also used to plan project and program of rehabilitation of disturbed land while mining process. Environment protection. Guideline of This standard is included general guideline of measures related to transport and save water samples.

This standard is defined all types of soil pollution and requirements of sampling for the sanitation analysis. International standard ISO 5667 also consists detailed concepts. for technical requirements to assess physical. when to measure groundwater measurements and sampling. Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC.. This standard is used due to soil sample analysis. Groundwater supply quality study include assessment of groundwater pollution and groundwater management program. Environmental Consultants.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline groundwater sampling. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -99 . 12 MNS 3298:1991 Environment protection. chemical and microbiological assessment to the groundwater samples. General requirements of soil sampling analysis.

76 hectares of land will be used as foundation for water supply pipeline facilities.78 hectares of land will be excavated for canal to place water supply pipeline and there will be created heap. subsoil and landscape of the area.  There will be temporary influence for the air quality of the area due to dust caused by construction of water supply pipeline project (pipeline. totally 60. approximately 560 km due south of Ulaanbaatar and 80km north of the Chinese-Mongolian border.all these have negative influence on soil surface. Shunkhdiin Hooloi. All these activities need to be included in closing plan of the mining site. soil removal and movement of transportation. the following activities need to be carried out such as closing the facilities. when vehicles use road there will be some negative influence for the quality of the air during certain time period. maintenance road). compression station.3 hectares of land will be used for building a road for the purpose of repair and service. Tavan Mod valley and Galbyn Gobi. Also during the utilization of water supply pipeline. there is created temporary water flowing through these valleys and other rubbles. Also building power lines and improved road alongside water supply pipeline which can have positive impacts for infrastructure of the area. After rain. After Oyu Tolgoi project on mining and processing copper and gold. emergency storage lagoon.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline 18.  The soil surface of 142.496 hectares in Oyu Tolgoi project area.  There are several large valleys coming to Gunii Hooloi such as Kharganatiin Hooloi. and 71. cleaning up the area.  In the process of water supply pipeline project. Mongolia Page -100 ..0 SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT FINDINGS The project area is located in the south Gobi region of Mongolia. The outcomes of the Environmental Impact Assessment on the construction of a Gunii Hooloi water supply borefield and pipeline at Oyu Tolgoi are summarised below:  According to the environmental impact assessment of Water supply pipeline project is included in the category of “medium” and we can reduce probable negative impacts if we follow technology solutions of soil removal and canal digging for pipeline strictly during water supply pipeline construction. It is good to build and utilize the pipeline. The proposed location for the water supply borefield and pipeline is the southwest corner of the 6709A lease area within a site which is 8. collector tank pumps. Khaliviin Valley. 21. Environmental Consultants.7 hectares of land will be removed and thickness of removed Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. Closing such beds for temporary water flowing may influence manual wells and vegetation cover fed by these temporary water flowing negatively. rehabilitating the area.

 There are 33 species of mammals. The noise.2 m or 142400 m3 soil surface as well as vegetation cover will be removed for locating water reservoir.    There is not direct impact to cultural heritage and climate. prevent and mitigate measures for the impacts based on the study of Oyu Tolgoi water supply pipeline project. light and dust during the construction may make creatures run away. 130 species of birds. Potaninia mongolica. compressor station. The preliminary cost of 904896. Caragana brachypoda ) are the original or semi – original plant of Dornogobi semidesert area the two families and 2 types of plants such as Amygdalus mongolica. Mongolia Client: Ivanhoe Mines Mongolia Inc LLC Page -101 . The Oyu Tolgoi raw water supply pipeline project of the IMMI LLC is possible to be implemented during Oyu Tolgoi project operation period. Amygdalus mongolica.06)..8 thous. in case pipeline flow rate should be 935 L/s at maximum.MNT will be estimate for the Environmental Protection Plan.Oyu Tolgoi project DEIA of Water Supply Pipeline soil will be 0. (attachment to Prepared by ECO-TRADE LLC. response to make normal condition of water supply of the herders if potential industrial destruction occur and rehabilitate environment in undefined negative impacts that measures based on results of above environmental assessment. 4 species of plants of three families and 4 types (Euphorbia kozlovii.  There are 63 species of plants of 19 families and 47 types recorded in the area. total land of 154 hectares used for project construction and maintenance road. and repair and service. Construction of water supply pipeline will not have direct impact for living environment and extinction of these creatures. Guldenstaedtia monophylla. Caragana brachypoda. transmission pipeline and emergency water pool. over 10 species of reptiles and about 100 species of insects and spiders.MNT will be estimated for Environmental monitoring plan to define negative impacts. Environmental Consultants. Potaninia mongolica) are considered as one of extinct plants of Mongolia Mongolian law on natural plants 1995. Vincetoxicum lanceolatum) (by attachment of Government Resolution 153 issued in 1995) and plants of three families and 4 types (Arnebia guttata. According to archeology research done there are not burial and memorials alongside the pipeline site The impact related to noise is not very much and there will not be explosion. 105036 thous.

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