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An Overview of Computer Network Topology

Here you will learn network topology introduction, how computer connected, bus, star, hub, hybrid, mesh, tree topologies and netwo design. In Computer Networking topology refers to the layout o the connected devices. Network Topologies can be physical or log section I will illustrate on the different types of the topologies.

Physical Topology means the physical design of a network including the devices, location a installation.

Logical Topology refers to the fact that how data actually transfers in a network as opposed

Topology can be considered as a virtual shape or structure of a network. This shape actually correspond to the actual physical design of the devices on the computer network. The comp home network can be arranged in a circle shape but it does not necessarily mean that it pres topology.

Computer network topologies can be categorized in the following categories. bus star ring mesh Tree. Hybrid networks are the complex networks, which can be built of two or more above menti topologies. Bus Topology

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Bus topology uses a common backbone to connect all the network devices in a network in a shape. A single cable functions as the shared communication medium for all the devices att this cable with an interface connector. The device, which wants to communicate send the b message to all the devices attached with the shared cable but only the intended recipient act and process that message.

Ethernet bus topologies are easy to install and dont require much cabling and only a main shared cable is used for network communication. 10Base-2 and 10 two popular types of the Ethernet cables used in the Bus topology. Also, Bus network work limited devices. Performance issues are likely to occur in the Bus topology if more than 12computers are added in a Bus Network. Additionally, if the Backbone cable fails then all ne becomes useless and no communication fails among all the computers. Unlike in the Star to which if one computer is detached from a network then there is not effect on the other comp network. Ring Topology

In ring Network, every computer or devices has two adjacent neighbors for communication network, all the communication messages travel in the same directory whether clockwise o clockwise. Any damage of the cable of any cable or device can result in the breakdown of t network. Ring topology now has become almost obsolete. FDDI, SONET or Token Ring Technology can be used to implement Ring Technology. Rin can be found in office, school or small buildings. Star Topology

In the computer networking world the most commonly used topology in LAN is the star top topologies can be implemented in home, offices or even in a building. All the computers in topologies are connected to central devices like hub, switch or router. The functionality of a devices is different. I have covered the detail of each networking devices in the separate po website. Computers in a network are usually connected with the hub, switch or router with Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) or Shielded Twisted Pair Cables.

As compared to the bus topology, a star network requires more devices & cables to comple The failure of each node or cable in a star network, wont take down the entire network as compared to the Bus topology.

However if the central connecting devices such as hub, switch or router fails due to any rea ultimately all the network can come down or collapse. Tree Topology

Tree topologies are comprised of the multiple star topologies on a bus. Tree topologies inte multiple star topologies together onto a bus. Only the hub devices can connect directly with

and each Hub functions as a root of a tree of the network devices. This bus/star/hybrid com supports future expandability of the computer networks, much better than a bus or star. Mesh Topology

Mesh topology work on the concept of routes. In Mesh topology, message sent to the destin take any possible shortest, easiest route to reach its destination. In the previous topologies s messages are usually broadcasted to every computer, especially in bus topology. Similarly i topology message can travel in only one direction i.e clockwise or anticlockwise. Internet e Mesh topology and the message finds its route for its destination. Router works in find the r messages and in reaching them to their destinations.The topology in which every devices co every other device is called a full Mesh topology unlike in the partial mesh in which every indirectly connected to the other devices. Summary

Topologies are the important part of the network design theory. A better network can be bu have the knowledge of these topologies and if you know the difference between each topolo Similarly you should have the knowledge of each network device so that you can properly u according to your network needs. A misconfigured network can result in a waste of time an well as a lots of troubleshooting methods to resolve the issue. So thebasic understanding of topologies and network devices is a must to build a good network.
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