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PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA
NEGERI PAHANG DARUL MAKMUR 2009







Instructions to candidates:

Answer all questions. Answers may be written in either English or Malay.
All necessary working should be shown clearly.
Non-exact numerical answers may be given correct to three significant figures, or one
decimal place in the case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is
specified in the question.
Mathematical tables, a list of mathematical formulae and graph paper are provided.



This question paper consists of 6 printed pages.





954/2
STPM 2009
Three hours

MATHEMATICS T
PAPER 2
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2

Mathematical Formulae for Paper 2 Mathematics T :

Logarithms :
a
x
x
b
b
a
log
log
log =

Series :
) 1 (
2
1
1
+ =

=
n n r
n
r


) 1 2 )( 1 (
6
1
1
2
+ + =

=
n n n r
n
r


2 2
1
3
) 1 (
4
1
+ =

=
n n r
n
r

Integration :


∫ ∫
− = dx
dx
du
v uv dx
dx
dv
u

c x f dx
x f
x f
+ =

) ( ln
) (
) ( '


c
a
x
a
dx
x a
+
|
.
|

\
|
=
+


1
2 2
tan
1 1


c
a
x
dx
x a
+
|
.
|

\
|
=



1
2 2
sin
1

Series:

N n where ∈ + +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ = +
− − −
,
2 1
) (
2 2 1 n r r n n n n n
b b a
r
n
b a
n
b a
n
a b a  

Coordinate Geometry :

The coordinates of the point which divides the line joining (x
1
, y
1
) and (x
2
, y
2
) in
the ratio m : n is
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
+
+
n m
my ny
n m
mx nx
2 1 2 1
,

The distance from ) , (
1 1
y x to 0 = + + c by ax is
2 2
1 1
b a
c by ax
+
+ +


Maclaurin expansions

1 ,
!
) 1 ( ) 1 (
! 2
) 1 (
1 ) 1 (
2
< +
+ − −
+ +

+ + = + x x
r
r n n n
x
n n
nx x
r n
where 



...
!
...
! 2
1
2
+ + + + + =
r
x x
x e
r
x



( )
( )
1 1 ...,
1
...
3 2
1 ln
1 3 2
≤ < − +

+ − + − = +
+
x
r
x x x
x x
r r



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3

Mathematical Formulae for Paper 2 Mathematics T :

Numerical Methods :

Newton-Raphson iteration for 0 ) ( = x f :

) ( '
) (
1
n
n
n n
x f
x f
x x − =
+


Trapezium rule :


+ + + + + ≈

b
a
n n
y y y y y h dx x f ] ) ( 2 [
2
1
) (
1 2 1 0

n
a b
h rh a f y
r

= + = and where ) (
Correlation and regression :

Pearson correlation coefficient:
( )( )
( ) ( )
∑ ∑

− −
− −
=
2 2
y y x x
y y x x
r
i i
i i



Regression line of y on x :
y = a + b x

where
( )( )
( )



− −
=
2
i
i i
x x
y y x x
b

x b y a − =

Trigonometry
B A A A B A sin cos cos sin ) sin( ± = ±

B A B A B A sin sin cos cos ) cos(  = ±

B A
B A
B A
tan tan 1
tan tan
) tan(

±
= ±

A A A A A
2 2 2 2
sin 2 1 1 cos 2 sin cos 2 cos − = − = − =

A A A
3
sin 4 sin 3 3 sin − =
A A A cos 3 cos 4 3 cos
3
− =

|
.
|

\
| −
|
.
|

\
| +
= +
2
B A
cos
2
B A
sin 2 B sin A sin

|
.
|

\
| −
|
.
|

\
| +
= −
2
B A
sin
2
B A
cos 2 B sin A sin

|
.
|

\
| −
|
.
|

\
| +
= +
2
B A
cos
2
B A
cos 2 B cos A cos

|
.
|

\
| −
|
.
|

\
| +
− = −
2
B A
sin
2
B A
sin 2 B cos A cos


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4

1. A passenger in an aeroplane flying at a certain height , H , sees two towns , Pekan
town and Kuantan town, directly to the left of the aeroplane. The angles of depression
to the Pekan towns and Kuantan town , are α° and β° respectively where α° < β° . If the
two towns are d meter apart, show

( ) α β β α − = ec cos sin sin d H
. [3]


2.








The points A , B and C lie on the circumference of a circle as shown in the diagram
above with ∠ABC= 80° and ∠ACD=50°. The tangent to the circle at point A meets the
chord CD produced at point T.
(a) Show that AC = AT. [4]

(b) Show that the length of the chord CD is equal to the radius of the circle. [4]

3. The forces ( )N j 3 i 5 F
1
+ = , ( )N j 6 i 4 F
2
− = and ( )N j 7 i 2 F
3
+ − = act at a point.
(a) Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force. [2]

(b) Using the “scalar product”, calculate the angle between the resultant force and
force, ( )N j 3 i 5 F
4
+ = . [4]

4. (a) A certain substance evaporates at a rate which is proportional to the amount of
substance left. Given that the initial amount of the substance is A and the amount which
has evaporated at time t is x , write a differential equation to show the rate of
evaporation. [1]

(b) Solve the differential equation and sketch the graph of x against t. [6]

(c) Given that it took 2 ln seconds for half the amount to be evaporated, find how
long it takes for
4
3
of the initial amount to be evaporated. [4]

5. The following table show the mean and standard deviation of the marks of the male
and female students who sat for a semester test.
Student Number of students Mean Standard deviation
Male 80 52. 9 5. 3
Female 100 61. 4 4. 1

Calculate the mean and standard deviation of the marks of all the students.
[6]
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5

6. Two bowlers , Adam Lambert and Kris Allen , take turns to throw, with bowler
Adam Lambert taking the first throw. The probabilities of bowlers Adam Lambert and
Kris Allen scoring a strike are
3
2
and
5
4
respectively. Find the probabilities of bowler
Adam Lambert scoring a strike first. [3]

7. There are one or two flowers on the faces of 50 cents stamps. 90% of all these 50 cents
stamps have two flowers while the rest of the stamps have single flower.
From the stamps which have single flower, 95% of these stamps have a flower at the
centre of the stamps while the rest have a flower on the left side of the stamps.
(a) By using a suitable approximation, determine the probability that between 5 and 15
stamps inclusive have one flower , out of a random sample of 100 pieces of 50 cents
stamps. [5]

(b) By using a suitable approximation, determine the probability that less than 3 stamps
have only one flower on the left side of the stamp out of a random sample of 100 pieces
of 50 cents stamps. [4]

8. X is a continuous random variable with a probability density function, f defined as
( )
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
< ≤
=
otherwise 0
k x 0 , e
4
1
x f
2
x

(a) Find the value of k. [2]

(b) Obtain the cumulative distribution function ( ) x F for X. [3]

(c) Find the mode and E(X). [4]


9. The following stemplot shows the masses, in gm of mangoes harvested in a particular
day.
9
6 0
9 7
4 2 1 1
9 7 4 2 2 2
9 8 8 0
7 5 4 3 2
Leaf

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Stem

(a) Find the mean and standard deviation of the masses of the mangoes . [3]

(b) Find the median and semi-interquartile range of the masses of the mangoes . [3]

(c) Draw a boxplot to represent the data and identify possible outliers .
Comment on the shape of the distribution and give a reason for your answer. [5]
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6


10. (a) Prove that θ
θ θ θ
θ θ θ
2
tan
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
=
+ +
− −
.
Hence, find the value of ° 15 tan
2
, leaving your answer in surd form. [5]

(b) Solve the equation θ
θ θ θ
θ θ θ
2 cos
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
=
+ +
− −
for ° < < ° 360 0 θ . [5]



11. (a) At noon, a man A is travelling at a speed of 20 km/h in the direction of N 25° W.
Another man , B is 2 km to the north of A and travelling at the speed of 15 km/h in the
direction of N 60° W. Find the magnitude and the direction of the velocity of A relative
to B. Hence, find the shortest distance between man A and man B . [9]

(b) Find the course man A must travel in order to intercept B if man A maintains his
speed but changes its course. [4]



12. (a) A machine is used to fill up bottles with a mean volume of 550 ml. Suppose that
the volume of water delivered by the machine follows a normal distribution with mean ,
u ml and standard deviation 4 ml. Find the range of values of mean , u , if it is required
that not more than 1% of the bottles contain less than 550 ml. [4]

(b) The mass of a box of chocolate cereal is distributed normally with mean 100 g and
standard deviation 2 g.
(i) Calculate the probability that three boxes of chocolate cereal chosen at
random, each has a mass less than 98 g. [2]

(ii) Calculate the probability that three boxes of chocolate cereal chosen at
random, have a total mass exceeding 305 g. [2]

(iii) Calculate the probability that out of three boxes of chocolate cereal chosen at
random, exactly two have a mass greater than 98 g while the mass of the remaining box
is greater than 105 g. [3]










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1
Marking Scheme
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN STPM NEGERI PAHANG 2009
Mathematics T Paper 2 ( 954 / 2 )

Question Scheme Marks

1












∆ABK ,
AK
H
sin = β ⇒ AK =
β sin
H














M1
∆AKP , Sine Rule :

( ) α β α −
=
sin
d
sin
AK
,
( ) α β α
β

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
sin
d
sin
sin
H


( ) α β β α − = ec cos sin sin d H



M1


A1


Question Scheme Marks
2. (a) ∠ADC = 180° − 80° ( Opposite angles of a cyclic
= 100° quadrilateral are supplementary)
∠TDA = 180° − 100° ( Angles on a straight line )
= 80°
∠TAD = ∠ACD = 50° ( Angles in the alternate segment)

∆ATC , ∠DTA or ∠CTA = 180° − ( 80° + 50°)
= 50°
{ The sum of angles in a triangle is 180° )
Since ∠CTA = ∠ACT = 50°, ∆ATC is an isosceles
triangle because the base angles are the same.
∴AC = AT

M1




M1



M1

A1








papercollection
2
2. (b) Join A and C to the centre ,
then OA=OC=radius





∠AOC = 2 ×∠ABC
= 160°
( Angle at the center = 2 × angle at the circumference.)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
∠OCA = ( ) ° − ° 160 180
2
1
= 10°
∆OAC is an isosceles triangle ( OA = OC = radius )
-------------------------------------------------------------------

∆ODC, ∠ OCD =∠OCA + ∠ACD
= 50°+10°
= 60°
∠ OCD =∠ODC = 60°
∆OCD is an isosceles triangle ( OA = OD = radius )

∴∠COD= 180° − ( 60° + 60° ) = 60°

Since ∠ OCD =∠ODC = ∠COD = 60° , therefore
∆OCD is an equilateral triangle and
CD = OC = OD = radius of circle.







M1




M1





M1






A1


Question Scheme Marks
3. (a) Resultant force,
R
F = ( ) j 3 i 5 + + ( ) j 6 i 4 − + ( ) j 7 i 2 + −
= ( ) j 4 i 7 +
Magnitude of the resultant force,
R
F =
2 2
4 7 + = 65 = 8.062 N

B1

B1
3. (b)
4 R
4 R
F F
F F
cos


= θ ,
( ) ( )
j 3 i 5 j 4 i 7
j 3 i 5 j 4 i 7
cos
+ • +
+ • +
= θ
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
3 5 4 7
3 4 5 7
cos
+ • +
× + ×
= θ
34 65
47
cos

= θ
' 13 1° = θ
M1


M1


M1

A1






papercollection
3
Question Scheme Marks
4. (a) Amount which has evaporated at time t = x
Amount which has not evaporated at time t = A− x
( ) x A
dt
dx
− ∝ , ( ) x A k
dt
dx
− =


B1
4. (b) Interpret initial condition t =0 , x = 0
( )
∫ ∫
=

t
0
x
0
dt k dx
x A
1
separate variables


M1


( ) | | | |
t
0
x
0
t k x A ln = − −
correct integration
Substitute upper limits & lower limits
M1
M1

t k
A
x A
ln − = |
.
|

\
| −

t k
e
A
x A

= |
.
|

\
| −

M1

( )
t k
e 1 A x

− =

A1
Graph









D1
4. (c)
( )
t k
e 1 A x

− =
,Substitute , 2 ln t = ,
2
A
x = ,
M1

∴ k = 2 A1

( )
t 2
e 1 A x

− =
, Substitute A
4
3
x =
M1
∴ 2 ln t = A1


Question Scheme Marks

5
Mean =
F M
F M
n n
x x
+
+
∑ ∑
, Mean =
( ) ( )
100 80
4 . 61 100 9 . 52 80
+
× + ×

Mean =
180
6140 4232 +
, Mean =
180
10372
= 57.622
M1



A1

Male : ( ) | |
2 2 2
M
n x u σ + × =


( ) | |
2 2 2
M
9 . 52 3 . 5 80 x + × =

= 226 120
Female : ( ) | |
2 2 2
F
4 . 61 1 . 4 100 x + × =

= 378 677


B1
B1

Standard deviation =
2 2
F
2
M
180
10372
180
x x
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
∑ ∑

=
2
180
10372
180
604797
|
.
|

\
|
− |
.
|

\
|
= 6.2978

M1



A1


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4
Question Scheme Marks


6
P(A) + P(A′ K′ A ) + P(A′ K′ A′ K′ A ) + …
= |
.
|

\
|
3
2
+ |
.
|

\
|
× ×
3
2
5
1
3
1
+ |
.
|

\
|
× × × ×
3
2
5
1
3
1
5
1
3
1
+ …
=
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
15
1
1
3
2
Infinite Geometric Series
=
7
5



M1



M1



A1

Question Scheme Marks
7. (a) X represents the number of stamps with one flower
X ∼ B ( 100 , 0.1 )
Normal Approximation : mean=10 , variance = 9
( ) 15 X 5 P ≤ ≤ = |
.
|

\
| −
≤ ≤

3
10 5 . 15
Z
3
10 5 . 4
P
= ( ) 833 . 1 Z 833 . 1 P ≤ ≤ −
= ( ) 0334 . 0 2 1 × −
= 0. 9332
B1

B1
M1 Standardize
M1 Continuity
correction


A1
7. (b) Y represents the number of stamps with only one flower
on the left side. 005 . 0 05 . 0 1 . 0 p = × =
Y ∼ B ( 100 , 0. 005 )
Poisson Approximation : mean, λ = 0.5
) 3 X ( P < = ) 0 X ( P = + ) 1 X ( P = + ) 2 X ( P =
=

+ + ×

2
5 . 0
5 . 0 1 e
2
5 . 0

= 1.625
5 . 0
e


= 0.9856
B1


B1



M1


A1

Question Scheme Marks
8. (a)
1 dx e
4
1
2
x
k
0
=

, 1 e
2
1
k
0
2
x
=

Integration

M1
k = 2 ln 3 A1
8. (b)
3 ln 2 x 0 < < , dx e
4
1
) x ( F
2
x
x
0

= Integration

x
0
2
x
e
2
1
) x ( F

= ,

− = 1 e
2
1
) x ( F
2
x


M1
The cumulative distribution function is
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
´
¦
>
< ≤


<
=
3 ln 2 x 1
3 ln 2 x 0 , 1 e
2
1
0 x , 0
) x ( F
2
x


A1
(values 0 and 1)

A1
(second interval)
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5

8. (c) Mode = 3 ln 2 , ) x ( f is an increasing function B1

dx e
4
x
) X ( E
2
x
3 ln 2
0

=


3 ln 2
0
2
x
e
2
x

= − dx e
2
1
2
x
3 ln 2
0

,Integration by parts

3 ln 2
0
2
x
e
2
x

= −
3 ln 2
0
2
x
e

= 3 ln 3 − 2


M1

M1





A1

Question Scheme Marks
9. (a)
Mean =
24
1351
= 56.29
B1

Standard deviation =
2
24
1351
24
83379
|
.
|

\
|
− =17.475
B1 for 83379
M1
A1
9.(b)
Median = 53
2
54 52
=
+

Q
1
=
2
x x
7 6
+
⇒ Q
1
= 44
2
48 40
=
+

Q
3
=
2
x x
19 18
+
⇒ Q
3
= 63
2
64 62
=
+

Semi-interquartile Range = | | 5 . 9 44 63
2
1
= − ×
B1






M1 A1

9.(c) Lower boundary = 44 − 1.5 × ( 63 − 44 ) =15. 5
Upper boundary = 63 + 1.5 × ( 63 − 44 ) =91. 5

∴Outlier is 99.



B1 l.b.&u.b.
B1 outlier

D1 Box
D1 Whiskers

10 Q Q
2 3
= − , 9 Q Q
1 2
= −
Since ,
2 3
Q Q − >
1 2
Q Q − the distribution is skewed to
the right.

B1




papercollection
6
Question Scheme Marks
10. (a)
LHS,
θ θ θ
θ θ θ
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
+ +
− − ( )
( ) θ θ θ
θ θ θ
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
+ +
+ −
=

( )
( ) θ θ θ
θ θ θ
2 cos 4 sin 2 4 sin 2
2 cos 4 sin 2 4 sin 2
+

=

( )
( ) θ θ
θ θ
2 cos 1 4 sin 2
2 cos 1 4 sin 2
+

=

| |
| | 1 cos 2 1
sin 2 1 1
2
2
− +
− −
=
θ
θ


θ
θ
2
2
cos 2
sin 2
=
θ
2
tan = Q.E.D


Factor
formulae M1



Double
Angle M1



A1

Substitute ° = 15 θ into
θ θ θ
θ θ θ
θ
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
tan
2
+ +
− −
=
° + ° + °
° − ° − °
= °
30 sin 90 sin 60 sin 2
30 sin 90 sin 60 sin 2
15 tan
2


2
1
1
2
3
2
2
1
1
2
3
2
+ +
|
|
.
|

\
|
− −
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

3 3 2
3 3 2
+

=

( )
( ) 3 3 2
3 3 2
+

= ×
( )
( ) 3 3 2
3 3 2



3 4 7 − =




Values of
sinθ and
cosθ
M1








A1
10. (b)
θ
θ θ θ
θ θ θ
2 cos
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 6 sin 4 sin 2
=
+ +
− −
, θ θ 2 cos tan
2
=
1 cos 2
cos
sin
2
2
2
− = θ
θ
θ


θ θ θ
2 4 2
cos cos 2 sin − =

θ θ θ
2 4 2
cos cos 2 cos 1 − = −

4
1
cos
4
= θ , 8409 . 0 cos ± = θ
° ° ° ° = 2 . 327 8 . 212 , 2 . 147 , 8 . 32 θ

M1

M1
θ
θ
θ
cos
sin
tan =

M1 Basic
Identity

M1

A1







papercollection
7
Question Scheme Marks
11. (a)







2
B A
V = ( )( ) ° − + 35 cos 15 20 2 15 20
2 2


B A
V = ( )( ) ° − + 35 cos 15 20 2 15 20
2 2


B A
V =11.5546 km/h
The magnitude of the velocity of
A relative to B is 11.6 km/h .



D1 arrows

D1
directions/angles


M1



A1

°
=
35 sin
5546 . 11
sin
15
θ

5546 . 11
35 sin 15
sin
°
= θ

' 8 48° = θ , ' 8 23 25 ' 8 48 ° = ° − ° = α or 23.13°

The direction of the velocity of A relative to B
is N 23° 8′ E.

M1




A1




d = ' 8 23 sin 2 °

d = 0.7857 km

∴The shortest distance
between A and B is 0.786 km


D1 diagram


M1



A1
11. (b)
°
=
120 sin
20
sin
15
α




20
120 sin 15
sin
°
= α

' 30 40° = α

' 30 40 120 180 ° − ° − ° = θ
' 30 19° = θ
In order to intercept B , man A must travel in the
direction of N 40° 30′ W . or (bearing 319° 30′)



D1 arrows

D1
directions/angles


M1


A1
papercollection
8
Question Scheme Marks
12 (a)
( ) 01 . 0 550 X P < < , 01 . 0
4
550
Z P < |
.
|

\
| −
<
u


M1

326 . 2
4
550
− < |
.
|

\
| − u




B1 for −2.326

B1 for “<”
3 . 559 > u A1

Question Scheme Marks
12(b)
(i)
X represents the mass of a box of chocolate cereal
X ∼ N ( )
2
2 , 100
( ) ( ) ( ) 98 X P 98 X P 98 X P < × < × < =
3
2
100 98
Z P

|
.
|

\
| −
<
= ( ) | |
3
1 Z P − <
= ( )
3
1587 . 0
= 0.003997



M1 Standardize




A1
(ii)
3 2 1
X X X + + ∼ N ( ) 12 , 300
( ) 305 X X X P
3 2 1
> + + =
|
|
.
|

\
| −
>
12
300 305
Z P
= ( ) 443 . 1 Z P >
= 0.0745



M1 Standardize


A1
(iii) 3 × ( ) 98 X P > × ( ) 98 X P > × ( ) 105 X P >
= 3 ×
2
2
100 98
Z P

|
.
|

\
| −
> × |
.
|

\
| −
>
2
100 105
Z P
= 3 × ( ) | |
2
1 Z P − > × ( ) 5 . 2 Z P >
= 3 × | |
2
8413 . 0 × 0.00621
= 0.0132



M1 Standardize



M1
A1











papercollection

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